CN205475264U - High sediment side slope of abandoning suddenly in mountain area wind -powered electricity generation field adds muscle anchor ecological remediation structure - Google Patents

High sediment side slope of abandoning suddenly in mountain area wind -powered electricity generation field adds muscle anchor ecological remediation structure Download PDF

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CN205475264U
CN205475264U CN201620025698.7U CN201620025698U CN205475264U CN 205475264 U CN205475264 U CN 205475264U CN 201620025698 U CN201620025698 U CN 201620025698U CN 205475264 U CN205475264 U CN 205475264U
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slope
waste
mountain area
soil
wind energy
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常理
王火云
李鑫
赵谊
魏浪
张习传
纵霄
王海磊
王菊
周超
杨光军
周超洪
周宏�
曹仕凯
丁洪盛
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Powerchina Guiyang Engineering Corp Ltd
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Powerchina Guiyang Engineering Corp Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a high sediment side slope of abandoning suddenly in mountain area wind -powered electricity generation field adds muscle anchor ecological remediation structure, domatic on abandoning the slag bank face adds the solid soil structure of muscle, side slope drainage structure, bottom block structure and domatic revegetation structure including arranging, the domatic solid soil structure of muscle that adds includes that it nets and a plurality of baffle to add the muscle, just adds muscle net and baffle and fixes on abandoning the slag bank face with staple through the bower anchor pole, the side slope drainage knot includes catch water drain and escape canal, and sediment side slope top is being abandoned in the catch water drain setting, and the escape canal links to each other with the catch water drain, block the structure and include the barricade in the bottom, sediment side slope bottom is being abandoned in the barricade setting. The utility model discloses the high sediment side slope of abandoning suddenly in messenger mountain area wind -powered electricity generation field possesses general qiao (irritating) grass growth conditions, ensures to reach certain ecological effect of resumeing in a short time, can satisfy the high long -term stability and soil erosion and water loss prevention and cure requirement of abandoning the sediment side slope suddenly in mountain area wind -powered electricity generation field simultaneously again to break through the high technical merit restriction of abandoning the improvement of sediment side slope tradition soil and water conservation suddenly in mountain area wind -powered electricity generation field.

Description

The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area wind energy turbine set
Technical field
This utility model belongs to high gradient slope ecological restoration and management technical field, is specifically related to the high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area wind energy turbine set.
Background technology
At present, for mountain area, hills and region, meadow, plateau, especially southwest major part is at the Wind Power Project of Mountain Debelopment, owing to wind-powered electricity generation place initial land form is precipitous, the completion time of project is compact and work progress lacks the reasons such as effective management and control, mostly wind electric field blower district, the slag charge of the former Excavation of High And Steep Slopes in roadway area are only taked to abandon on the spot, are got rid of the modes such as slag along road and disposed, generally there is more height steep waste side slope, destroy local surface vegetation, cause serious soil erosion and ecological disruption.
The high steep waste side slope formed during the former Excavation of High And Steep Slopes of mountain area wind energy turbine set, general domatic distribution crushes rock ballast, scum silica frost is relatively thin, domatic longer, being particularly stone matter, decomposed rock and the high steep long side slope of waste of soil stone mixing to scum silica frost, owing to mountain area weather conditions are severe, slope stability is poor, lacking the basis land occupation conditions such as soil, moisture, organic matter necessary to plant growing, domatic artificial improvement is the biggest with clear-cutting forestland difficulty.
Traditional side slope soil and water conservation method has the classifications such as thick photoresist greening method, shotcrete support, suspension roof support, stone masonry mask, wherein: pneumatically placed concrete and suspension roof support can make wind energy turbine set high steep waste side slope in mountain area reach certain stability requirement, but slope greening difficulty is big, cost is high, lack attractive in appearance;For stone masonry mask technology steep waste side slope high to mountain area wind energy turbine set, the suitability is poor, and construction material is typically difficult to arrive, and difficulty of construction is bigger;Thick photoresist greening method is applicable to the side slope that decomposed rock, the less soft rock of soil and soil hardness are bigger, domatic rapid recovery natural vegetation can be made, play slope fixing and virescence effect, but its defect is the most more apparent, when wind energy turbine set high steep waste grade of side slope in mountain area is steeper, it is unfavorable for the fixing of soil and greening backing, under water erosion and mass erosion, easily produces rill erosion and degrade.Thus, generally there is the conditionality factors such as poor for applicability, difficulty of construction is big, treatment cost is high in the high steep waste side slope region of mountain area wind energy turbine set in traditional side slope soil and water conservation method.
Such as, the Chinese patent of Publication No. CN201339194Y discloses a kind of shrub slope protection being arranged on karst area slope and plants generating apparatus, this device is to be provided with wire netting on shrub slope protection in karst area, connect in the upper surface of wire netting or lower surface and have T-shaped plate from plant wastes, fixed by the connection of T-shaped plate from plant wastes with wire netting, guarantee planting matrix not landing, it is provided that vegetation growth condition.Although this technical scheme can reach corresponding solid soil and ecological recovery effect to a certain extent, but from the standpoint of slope stability, economy, operability and final solid earth greening effect, this technical scheme exists following not enough:
(1) owing to not considering that side slope cuts draining and measure of blocking, there is certain hidden danger in slope stability;
(2) need processing and fabricating due to T-shaped plate from plant wastes, thus add cost and put into;
(3) the wire netting mesh specification in this technical scheme is (5cm~8cm) × (5cm~8cm), and the blend stop height of T-shaped plate from plant wastes is 5cm~7.0cm, stablizing block thickness is 0.5cm~1.5cm, if linked network installs T-shaped plate from plant wastes after completing again, there is unhandy problem, simultaneously, blend stop maximum height is 7cm, and when the gradient is steeper, institute's overburden layer thickness is thin, when original slag charge containing native less time, be unfavorable for filling grass growth;
(4) when the laying spacing of T-shaped plate from plant wastes is bigger, domatic solid soil effect is poor, is easily formed rill erosion after earthing.
In sum; in conjunction with country at present to the protection of mountain area Construction of Wind Power project environment, water and soil conservation and Ecological Civilization Construction requirement; how a kind of technical feasibility, economical rationality, strong operability are provided; the high steep waste side slope surface stably solid soil requirement of mountain area wind energy turbine set can be met; its domatic high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of mountain area wind energy turbine set that can reach certain ecological recovery effect in short-term can be made again, be technical problem the most urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is poor for applicability, the problem such as difficulty of construction is big, treatment cost is high generally existed for tradition side slope soil and water conservation method in the high steep waste side slope region of mountain area wind energy turbine set, it is provided that the high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area wind energy turbine set;Wind energy turbine set high steep waste side slope in mountain area is made to possess general tall grass growth conditions, guarantee reach in a short time certain ecological recovery effect, steady in a long-term and the prevention and control of soil erosion requirement of the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set can be met again simultaneously, thus the technical merit breaking through the high steep waste side slope tradition soil and water conservation of mountain area wind energy turbine set limits.
This utility model is achieved by following technical solution.
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area wind energy turbine set, including be arranged in waste domatic on the solid soil structure of domatic reinforcement, slope drainage structure, bottom block structure and recovering vegetation on slope structure;
The solid soil structure of described domatic reinforcement includes reinforced bar net and some baffle plates, and reinforced bar net and baffle plate by Bower Anchor bar and U-shaped nail be fixed on waste domatic on;
Described slope drainage knot includes intercepting ditch and gutter, and intercepting ditch is arranged on waste side slope top and the region of other bigger charges for remittance of existence, mainly waste side slope periphery charge for remittance is played interception function;Gutter is connected with intercepting ditch, current guide extremely natural irrigation canals and ditches or other pumping equipments that will intercept;
Described bottom structure of blocking includes barricade, and dams setting is bottom waste side slope, and barricade uses stone masonry to build by laying bricks or stones.
Described Bower Anchor bar uses spiral to be deep into steady soil or rock stratum by boring, and slip casting is fixed.
Described reinforced bar net outer side covers has one layer of planting soil.
After hydraulic sprinkle is taked on described planting soil surface, bedding has layer of non-woven fabric.
Described Bower Anchor bar is domatic with waste vertical or laying angled up, and exposed junction should set up embayment hook forms, and the length of Bower Anchor bar revealed section is not less than 10cm.
Described Bower Anchor bar uses blossom type or rectangular arrangement, and arrangement pitch is (300cm~500cm) × (300cm~500cm).
Described U-shaped nail uses the zinc-plated U-shaped nail of square toes, and single leg length is 20cm~30cm, and internal diameter is not less than the thickness of baffle plate.
Described reinforced bar net uses steel plastic geogrid or galvanized wire mesh, and mesh size is not less than 100mm × 100mm.
Described baffle plate uses light weight wood materials to make, and is laterally laid on the interior outside of reinforced bar net by U-shaped nail.
Described baffle plate lays a row to be spaced apart 2m~3m, and the Lay interval of single adjacent screen controls within 0cm~5cm.
Described intercepting ditch and gutter are stone masonry or concrete.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Compared with prior art, this utility model is for the characteristic of the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set, construct a high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring ecological recovery system of mountain area wind energy turbine set, improve the passive situation that the difficulty of governance of the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set is big to a certain extent, make domatic certain bringing soil erosion under control and the ecological recovery effect of reaching in a short time of waste, prevent the high steep waste side slope domatic round current of exposed loose scum silica frost of mountain area wind energy turbine set and mass erosion from producing soil erosion to a certain extent, take a long view simultaneously, ensure that the high steep waste slope stability of mountain area wind energy turbine set, compensate in the wind energy turbine set Process of Engineering Construction of mountain area owing to the duration is nervous, the ecological disruption that the reasons such as management and control is not in place cause, promote reaching of mountain area wind energy turbine set water and soil conservation and environmental protection work target.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is waste slope ecological recovery system generalized section described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is structure for amplifying schematic diagram at the A of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is waste slope ecological recovery System planes schematic diagram described in the utility model.
In figure: 1-is original domatic, the domatic scum silica frost of 2-, 3-Bower Anchor bar, 4-U sprig, 5-reinforced bar net, 6-baffle plate, 7-planting soil, 8-non-woven fabrics, 9-arbor, 10-herbaceous plant, 11-barricade, 12-intercepting ditch.
Detailed description of the invention
Further describe the technical solution of the utility model below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but claimed scope is not limited to described.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area described in the utility model wind energy turbine set, including be arranged in waste domatic on the solid soil structure of domatic reinforcement, slope drainage structure, bottom block structure and recovering vegetation on slope structure;
The solid soil structure of described domatic reinforcement includes reinforced bar net 5 and some baffle plates 6, and reinforced bar net 5 and baffle plate 6 by Bower Anchor bar 3 and U-shaped nail 4 be fixed on waste domatic on;As shown in Figure 1, when construction, the foreign material such as the block stone of original domatic the 1 of first high steep to mountain area wind energy turbine set waste side slope clear up smooth after, again by Bower Anchor bar 3 and U-shaped nail 4 reinforced bar net 5 and baffle plate 6 are fixed on waste domatic on, at Bower Anchor bar 3, U-shaped nail 4, under the common effect of reinforced bar net 5 and baffle plate 6, cover for the follow-up planting soil 7 that waste is domatic and adhesive force is provided, increase the globality of whole height steep waste side slope surface structure, stability, reduce owing to waste side slope surface crosses the loose probability causing covered planting soil 7 unstability to glide of the domatic scum silica frost 2 in steep or original domatic 1, more planting soil 7 is retained in high steep waste side slope surface, revegetation advantageously and growth conditions is created in the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set.
The described smooth employing of domatic cleaning mode from top to down, wind energy turbine set high steep waste side slope surface in cleaning mountain area is broken loosens rock and the danger foreign material such as stone, rubbish, and waste side slope surface steep to height carries out certain smooth, it is simple to the laying of the solid soil structure of follow-up height steep waste side slope surface reinforcement.
Described Bower Anchor bar 3 is the solid main load of soil structure of whole height steep waste side slope surface reinforcement and stabilizing member, general employing spiral is deep into steady soil or rock stratum by boring, and slip casting fixes, Bower Anchor bar 3 can domatic with waste vertical or be angled up lay, exposed junction should set up embayment hook forms, and the length of Bower Anchor bar 3 revealed section should be not less than 10cm.Bower Anchor bar 3 uses blossom type or rectangular arrangement, and arrangement pitch is generally (300cm~500cm) × (300cm~500cm).Bower Anchor bar 3 gos deep into the specification of soil layer or rock stratum length and spiral used should be to guarantee that the stability in the large meeting the high solid soil structure of steep waste side slope surface reinforcement requires to be advisable.
Described reinforced bar net 5 outer side covers has one layer of planting soil 7, has arbor 9 and herbaceous plant 10 at planting soil surface grafting.
After hydraulic sprinkle is taked on described planting soil 7 surface, bedding has layer of non-woven fabric 8.
Described U-shaped nail 4 typically uses the zinc-plated U-shaped nail of square toes, and single leg length is 20cm~30cm, and internal diameter cannot be less than the thickness of baffle plate 6, and the thickness that should be slightly bigger than baffle plate 6 is advisable.By U-shaped nail 4, side shield 6 inside and outside reinforced bar net 5 and reinforced bar net 5 are fixed on high steep waste side slope surface, reinforced bar net is risen time anchorage effect, and provide certain adhesive force for baffle plate, single baffle plate 6 is spaced 0.5m~2.0m and arranges a U-shaped nail 4, concrete spacing should adjust factually in conjunction with the high steep waste side slope surface practical situation of mountain area wind energy turbine set, laterally laying requirement and be advisable meeting baffle plate, U-shaped nail 4 should be fixed with reinforced bar net 5 colligation, gos deep into soil layer length and should meet certain stability requirement.
Described reinforced bar net 5 refers to that waste side slope surface earthing high steep to mountain area wind energy turbine set provides a reinforcement and the structure of certain load-bearing effect, has certain globality, stability guaranteeing that whole waste is domatic.Typically preferably use steel plastic geogrid or galvanized wire mesh equal strength is high, the Web materials of good corrosion resistance, and fix with colligations such as Bower Anchor bar 3, U-shaped nails 4, the lap of splice cannot be less than 10cm, distance between wire side and scum silica frost face should control at about 5cm, after guaranteeing earthing, reinforced bar net 5 is in the centre position of institute's overburden layer, it is simple to the baffle plate 6 inside wire side is laid.Mesh size is not preferably less than 100mm × 100mm, and concrete integrated economics, requirement of strength etc. are determined.
Described baffle plate 6 predominantly covered planting soil 7 provides attachment platform, the light weights such as Lignum seu Ramulus Cunninghamiae Lanceolatae are preferably used easily to process wood materials, laterally being laid on the interior outside of reinforced bar net 5 by U-shaped nail 4, general interval 2m~3m lays a row, and the Lay interval of single adjacent screen 6 should control within 0cm~5cm.Monolithic Weir Plate Thickness is preferably at about 2cm, and width is preferably about 5cm, and length can adjust factually according to the high steep waste side slope surface flatness of mountain area wind energy turbine set, but unsuitable long, is typically advisable between 2m~3m.
Block structure in described slope drainage structure and bottom, refer to according to orographic condition residing for the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set, carry out periphery charge for remittance intercepting guide by arranging intercepting ditch 12, gutter, in combination with the effect of blocking of barricade bottom height steep waste side slope side slope, prevent waste side slope from producing rill erosion under water erosion and mass erosion and degrading, an initial steady-state conditions is provided to a certain extent, it is ensured that be conducive to the growth recovery of later stage vegetation for height steep waste side slope.
Described slope drainage knot includes intercepting ditch 12 and gutter, described intercepting ditch 12 is arranged on waste side slope top and the region of other bigger charges for remittance of existence, mainly waste side slope periphery charge for remittance is played interception function, typically preferably use stone masonry or concrete intercepting ditch, its form of fracture, physical dimension, intensity and intercepting ditch 12 move towards, the gradient etc. need to meet the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set cut draining global design and cross water requirement.
Described gutter is connected with intercepting ditch 12, current guide extremely natural irrigation canals and ditches or other pumping equipments that will intercept, typically preferably use stone masonry or concrete gutter, its form of fracture, physical dimension, intensity and gutter trend, the gradient etc. need to meet the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set cut draining global design and cross water requirement.
Described bottom structure of blocking includes barricade 11, described dams setting is bottom the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set, waste side slope is acted the effect of blocking, prevent waste from domatic coming down, collapse, guarantee the stability of waste side slope, barricade 11 typically uses stone masonry to build by laying bricks or stones, but for complicated topographical conditions, force request higher in the case of, it is contemplated that select other different materials, multi-form sustaining retaining structure, the form of fracture of barricade, physical dimension and stability need to meet the high steep waste side slope whole stability calculation requirement of mountain area wind energy turbine set.
In technique scheme, need slope vegetation is recovered after construction completes, after described recovering vegetation on slope measure refers to that wind energy turbine set high steep waste side slope surface planting soil 7 earthing in mountain area completes, use hydraulic seeding technique, the plant seed handled well is ejected into uniformly the planting soil soil surface that waste is domatic, make that waste is domatic reaches certain ecological recovery effect in the short period of time, simultaneously by the growth of root system of plant, through the domatic planting soil of waste and scum layer, take root in original domatic, form shallow-layer reinforced action, increase high steep waste slope stability.
Described planting soil 7 typically preferably uses top layer, wind energy turbine set place peel off soil or cultivated plant soil, is beneficial to the growth of endemic plant.The foreign material such as the rubble in removing soil, branch, tree root, loose soil property is needed before earthing.Planting soil thickness of earth covering is typically no less than 10cm, to meet the growth requirement of waste slope plant, earthing terminate after reply waste is domatic carries out smooth process.
Described hydraulic seeding technique, refer to the seed (grass seeds, seeds etc.) handled well is equipped with the nutrient needed for seed germination and early growth, add binding agent, water-retaining agent, soil conditioner and soil stabilizer etc., it is sufficiently mixed with water, is injected in the surface of covered planting soil uniformly.Should operate by related request during sowing grass seeds by duster, the wind energy turbine set high steep top part of waste side slope in mountain area should suitably increase seed consumption.
Described plant seed typically should carry out the selection of science according to local climate, soil property, plant seed should possess the characteristics such as well developed root system, perennial, strong adaptability and maintenance be extensive, to fill grass plant seed, plant seed quality should meet country's related quality criterion, sowing quantity should according to germination percentage height, sow grass seeds by duster environment in season and afforestation effect that plan reaches determines.
After late maintaining control measures refer to that wind energy turbine set high steep waste side slope surface spray in mountain area has been planted, certain pipe irrigation project need to be taked to prevent plant seed from suffering current scour, general employing is laid the layings inexpensive, easy such as non-woven fabrics and has certain water conservation, is incubated and reduces the vegetation conserving material of rain drop erosion effect, simultaneously according to waste slope plants upgrowth situation, taking spraying water factually, apply fertilizer, prune and anti-disease pest, prevent gnawing etc. maintenance measure, it is ensured that plant well grows.
It is precipitous that this utility model is applicable to original domatic landform; the domatic scum silica frost of waste is loose, thinner thickness; waste slope is than for 1:0.5~1:1.2; length of grade is more than 20m; and slag charge is containing the soil amount less mountain area high steep waste side slope of wind energy turbine set; particularly bringing soil erosion under control, ecological recovery and landscape reservation being required height, the short time is interior in the urgent need to implementing soil and water conservation measure and reaching the soil depletion region of certain ecological recovery effect.
Technique scheme be according to tradition side slope soil and water conservation method generally exist in the high steep waste side slope region of existing mountain area wind energy turbine set poor for applicability, difficulty of construction is big, the restraining factors situations such as treatment cost is high, by arranging the solid soil structure of a kind of domatic reinforcement in the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set, block structure in conjunction with slope drainage and bottom, build a solid slight slope face of ecology possessing Qiao's (filling) grass revegetation condition, later stage is by the growth of domatic configuration root system of plant, the solid soil structure of domatic reinforcement and original high gradient slope is made to form a high steep waste side slope soil and water conservation reinforcement anchoring plate ecosystem of overall mountain area wind energy turbine set, guarantee high steep overall the stablizing of waste side slope, and reach mountain area wind energy turbine set engineering construction prevention and control of soil erosion and ecological recovery target requirement.
Below as a example by certain mountain area wind energy turbine set, further describe embodiment of the present utility model:
Certain wind energy turbine set site, mountain area is positioned at national soil erosion key controlling area and provincial soil erosion key controlling area, regional tectonic stability is good, totally belonging to erosion, degrade middle mountain and tableland landforms, site district elevation is many between 1800m~2050m, and soil loss pattern is mainly water erosion.This mountain area wind energy turbine set is newly-built wind power plant, arranges the medium-sized engineerings such as 20 single-machine capacities are 2000KW wind power generating set, and installed capacity is 40MW, genus III altogether.Item design mainly includes 20 typhoon group of motors and box type transformer substation base, 20 blower fan lifting places, booster stations, road engineerings and collects the engineerings such as electric line, wherein the 20 basic cloth of Fans are setting in the mountain top of wind energy turbine set on-site, road substantially newly excavates along massif and forms, and collection electric line uses the built on stilts mode combined with direct-burried to lay.
In this mountain area Construction of Wind Power early stage and process of construction, owing to construction unit is inadequate to environmental conservation and water and soil conservation attention degree, lack effective environment-protective water and protect work process supervision, management and control hands section, simultaneously because the completion time of project is nervous, blower foundation, the unnecessary soil stone mixing slag charge that in hoisting platform and field, the excavation such as road is formed is not transported to slag field by related request and stores up, take the mode abandoned on the spot to closing on massif domatic to process more, result in the more gradient steeper, the high steep waste side slope that domatic scum silica frost is relatively thin and loose, affect the view of wind energy turbine set place attractive in appearance while, also create serious ecological disruption and soil erosion.
The engineering construction later stage, special checking and accepting requirement is protected for meeting environment-protective water, recover local ecologic landscape environment, construction unit has considered domatic present situation, investment, difficulty of governance, the many factors such as regulation effect, through domatic sash supporting, soil moved in improve the original (fluid power) such as is sowed grass seeds by duster at the multiple soil and water conservation mode comprehensively ratio choosing, finally take to arrange the comprehensive control mode that the solid soil structure of a kind of domatic reinforcement is blocked and the measure such as draining combines with side slope, construct a high steep waste side slope soil and water conservation reinforcement anchoring plate ecosystem of mountain area wind energy turbine set, make that high steep waste is domatic has reached certain ecological recovery effect in a short time, and withstood heavy rain of many phases and wash away test, meet high steep waste slope stability requirement.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, use this utility model steep waste side slope soil and water conservation reinforcement anchoring plate ecosystem concrete condition high to this mountain area wind energy turbine set as follows:
(1) the solid soil structure of domatic reinforcement
Bower Anchor bar 3 used by the solid soil structure of domatic reinforcement uses φ 22HRB335 spiral, single anchor rod length is between 60cm~80cm, with line space 500cm × 500cm be laid in high steep waste domatic on, by being fixed on steady soil or rock stratum after well cementing, slip casting uses strength of cement grade to be the Portland cement of 32.5, Bower Anchor bar 3 top is provided with crotch, a length of 10cm of Bower Anchor bar 3 revealed section, it is simple to reinforced bar net 5 is laid.
After reinforced bar net 5 considers in terms of economy, durability, intensity etc., select steel plastic geogrid as reinforced bar net 5.Reinforced bar net 5 belongs to compound high-strength pulling-resisting material, by wrapping up in layer of polyethylene (PE) outside the high-strength steel mesh of knitting device or polypropylene (PP) forms, main stress unit is steel wire, jacket layer coarse texture, big with the coefficient of friction of the soil body, and lapping good endurance, permanent work construction requirements can be met.Soil grid hole gauge lattice moulded by steel is 10cm × 10cm, uses galvanized wire colligation to be fixed on Bower Anchor bar, and makes wire side tighten smooth-going.
U-shaped nail 4 uses the zinc-plated U-shaped nail of square toes, single leg length 20cm, and part slag material layer covers relatively thick region list leg length and uses 30cm, and interior warp is 2cm;Baffle plate 6 uses Chinese fir board, monolithic thickness of slab 2cm, wide 5cm.One piece of plank is respectively laid at the transverse ribs of outside in reinforced bar net 5, plank is firm fixed by U-shaped nail 4 folder inserting soil layer, and pass through galvanized wire by the colligation of U-shaped nail 4 on reinforced bar net 5, the globality between the increase each parts of total, to guarantee will not topple after planting soil earthing on baffle plate.
(2) block measure in slope drainage and bottom
The mode of gathering materials on the spot is taked in slope drainage and the bottom measure of blocking, and all uses M7.5 stone masonry to build by laying bricks or stones.
Intercepting ditch 12 is arranged at according to groove about 3m, gutter connects intercepting ditch 12 and road gully or natural irrigation canals and ditches, and cross dimensions is 40 × 40cm, and building thickness by laying bricks or stones is 30cm, M10 cement sand plaster, meets the high steep waste side slope of mountain area wind energy turbine set and cuts draining global design and cross water requirement.
The measure of blocking is Gravity Retaining Wall 6, and the wall back of the body is vertical, and metope slope ratio is for 1:0.3, and design section wall top width 0.8m, wall height 2m, bottom width 1.6m, embedded depth of foundation 30cm, interval 2m~3m is crisscross arranged a spilled water hole, and interval 15m length arranges and settles expansion joint together.Scene is embodied as cross dimensions according to situations such as topography variation and waste amounts, adjusts factually under the conditions of ensureing barricade antiskid and antidumping equistability.
(3) recovering vegetation on slope structure
After the solid soil structure of domatic reinforcement has been laid, take the mode fetched earth nearby to carry out earthing to domatic, earthing complete after by the Robinia pseudoacacia Seeds handled well, rye grass grass seeds and Herba Trifolii Pratentis grass seeds, (its sowing quantity is respectively 90kg/hm2、125kg/hm2, Herba Trifolii Pratentis 5kg/hm2) it is equipped with the nutrient needed for seed germination early growth, add binding agent, water-retaining agent, fiber covering material, soil conditioner and soil stabilizer etc., be sufficiently mixed with water, be ejected into Soil Slope surface with high-pressure spray gun equably.The mixture sowed grass seeds by duster forms a kind of membrane structure at soil surface, can effectively conserve water and soil, prevent earthing domatic by rain drop erosion, can realize the ecological recovery of high steep waste side slope within a short period of time.
(4) late maintaining control measures
After recovering vegetation on slope structure is implemented, the green non-woven fabrics 8 that one layer of 3.2m of bedding is wide, the lap of splice is not less than 5cm, uses block stone compacting corner.Non-woven fabrics 8 weight per unit area is 15g, thinner thickness, has the most ventilative, water conservation, heat insulation effect.After slope vegetation growth is germinateed, taking spraying water factually, apply fertilizer, prune and anti-disease pest, prevent gnawing, the maintenance management such as reseeding, it is ensured that slope vegetation well grows.
Compared with prior art, this utility model from slope drainage, block, consider in terms of solid soil and revegetation, maintenance etc., builds one high steep waste side slope reinforcement of mountain area wind energy turbine set and anchors restoration of the ecosystem structure, there is following remarkable advantage:
(1) the solid soil structure of the domatic reinforcement that this utility model builds, baffle arrangement form exists necessarily to be optimized and revised, and decreases processing and fabricating cost, makes reinforced bar net be in baffle plate centre position simultaneously, equalize reinforced bar net stress, add stability and the globality of total;
(2) mesh of the present utility model and baffle configurations Sizes, constructing operation is convenient;
(3) this utility model maximum thickness of earth covering is not less than 10cm, the beneficially plant growing such as arbor, shrub;
(4) this utility model defines the laying spacing of baffle plate, it is ensured that domatic earthing is uniform, smooth-going;
(5) this utility model is provided with draining and measure of blocking for height steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring Ecosystem restoration system, it is ensured that the stability of side slope;
(6) form taking hydraulic sowing grass seeds by duster after domatic earthing recovers slope vegetation, in combination with corresponding maintenance measure, can reach preferable ecological recovery effect in a short time.

Claims (10)

1. the high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of mountain area wind energy turbine set, it is characterised in that: include being arranged in waste domatic on the solid soil structure of domatic reinforcement, slope drainage structure, bottom block structure and recovering vegetation on slope structure;
The solid soil structure of described domatic reinforcement includes reinforced bar net (5) and some baffle plates (6), and reinforced bar net (5) and baffle plate (6) by Bower Anchor bar (3) and U-shaped nail (4) be fixed on waste domatic on;
Described slope drainage knot includes that intercepting ditch (12) and gutter, intercepting ditch (12) are arranged on waste side slope top and watershed, mainly waste side slope periphery charge for remittance is played interception function;Gutter is connected with intercepting ditch (12), current guide extremely natural irrigation canals and ditches or other pumping equipments that will intercept;
Described bottom structure of blocking includes that barricade (11), barricade (11) are arranged on bottom waste side slope, and barricade (11) uses stone masonry to build by laying bricks or stones or concreting.
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area the most according to claim 1 wind energy turbine set, it is characterised in that: described Bower Anchor bar (3) uses spiral to be deep into steady soil or rock stratum by boring, and slip casting is fixed.
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area the most according to claim 1 wind energy turbine set, it is characterised in that: described reinforced bar net (5) outer side covers has one layer of planting soil (7).
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area the most according to claim 3 wind energy turbine set, it is characterised in that: after hydraulic sprinkle is taked on described planting soil (7) surface, bedding has layer of non-woven fabric (8).
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area the most according to claim 1 wind energy turbine set, it is characterized in that: described Bower Anchor bar (3) is domatic with waste vertical or laying angled up, exposed junction should set up embayment hook forms, and the length of Bower Anchor bar (3) revealed section is not less than 10cm.
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area the most according to claim 1 wind energy turbine set, it is characterized in that: described Bower Anchor bar (3) uses blossom type or rectangular arrangement, and the arrangement pitch of length direction and width is 300cm~500cm.
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area the most according to claim 1 wind energy turbine set, it is characterized in that: described U-shaped nail (4) uses the zinc-plated U-shaped nail of square toes, and list leg length is 20cm~30cm, internal diameter is not less than the thickness of baffle plate (6);Described reinforced bar net (5) uses steel plastic geogrid or galvanized wire mesh, and mesh size is not less than 100mm × 100mm.
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area the most according to claim 1 wind energy turbine set, it is characterized in that: described baffle plate (6) uses light weight wood materials to make, and be laterally laid on the interior outside of reinforced bar net (5) by U-shaped nail (4).
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area the most according to claim 8 wind energy turbine set, it is characterized in that: described baffle plate (6) lays a row to be spaced apart 2m~3m, and the Lay interval of single adjacent screen (6) controls within 0cm~5cm.
The high steep waste side slope reinforcement anchoring restoration of the ecosystem structure of a kind of mountain area the most according to claim 1 wind energy turbine set, it is characterised in that: described intercepting ditch (12) and gutter are stone masonry or concrete.
CN201620025698.7U 2016-01-12 2016-01-12 High sediment side slope of abandoning suddenly in mountain area wind -powered electricity generation field adds muscle anchor ecological remediation structure Active CN205475264U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106759404A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-05-31 陈仕涛 A kind of multiple method for green for slowing down the steep mine gradient high
CN107401174A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-11-28 青海富腾生态科技有限公司 A kind of unstable hill afforestating administering method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107401174A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-11-28 青海富腾生态科技有限公司 A kind of unstable hill afforestating administering method
CN106759404A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-05-31 陈仕涛 A kind of multiple method for green for slowing down the steep mine gradient high

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