CN201972156U - Slope protection system with stereoscopic afforestation vegetation cushions - Google Patents

Slope protection system with stereoscopic afforestation vegetation cushions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201972156U
CN201972156U CN2011200014294U CN201120001429U CN201972156U CN 201972156 U CN201972156 U CN 201972156U CN 2011200014294 U CN2011200014294 U CN 2011200014294U CN 201120001429 U CN201120001429 U CN 201120001429U CN 201972156 U CN201972156 U CN 201972156U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
pad
planting
green
drainage pipe
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2011200014294U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖世伟
张利国
陈则连
莫自宁
姜震
柳春红
付桂志
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BEIJING RICH ORIENT ENVI-TECH Co Ltd
China Railway Third Survey and Design Institute Group Ltd
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BEIJING RICH ORIENT ENVI-TECH Co Ltd
China Railway Third Survey and Design Institute Group Ltd
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Abstract

A slope protection system with stereoscopic afforestation vegetation cushions comprises more than one rectangular afforestation vegetation cushion. Each afforestation vegetation cushion consists of a cloth sleeve (1) made of degradable geotextile or gauze, afforestation base materials (2) used for growth of plants are respectively filled in the cloth sleeves (1), the cloth sleeves (1) are sheet-shaped after the afforestation base materials (2) are filled, plant seeds are mixed into the afforestation base materials (2), cover nets (3) which are made from degradable high-polymer materials are covered on outer surfaces of the cloth sleeves (1), all afforestation vegetation cushions are laid on a side slope (5), each afforestation vegetation cushion is fixed onto the side slope by the aid of more than one fixing parts (4) which penetrate through the afforestation vegetation cushion to be downwardly inserted into the surface of the side slope (5), a plurality of water seepage drain pipes (6) are embedded in the surface, which is positioned below the afforestation vegetation cushions, of the side slope (5), inner ends of the water seepage drain pipes are higher than outer ends of the water seepage drain pipes (6), and the outer ends of the water seepage drain pipes (6) are positioned nearby lower surfaces of the afforestation vegetation cushions. In the slope protection system with the stereoscopic afforestation vegetation cushions, sprouts of the plants can penetrate through fabric surfaces, and afforestation is realized by the aid of the plant seeds.

Description

Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system
Technical field
The utility model relates to the vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of a kind of protecting and greening that is used for side slopes such as railway, highway, water conservancy, mine, municipal and environment-friendly engineering, building roof greening etc.
Background technology
To the protecting and greening of both sides side slopes such as road, river course, what at first will consider is the stability of side slope, to prevent erosion.Ecological bag in the existing slope vegetation protection mode, plant biological bag (band) method are that the nonwoven that will contain seed, fertilizer is affixed in the special PVC mesh bag comprehensively, and the planting soil of packing in bag is then afforested.This mode has solved the problem of soil erosion, but the general more thick and heavy acupuncture geotextiles that adopts, and plant is difficult in the bag (band) longer, causes that emergence rate is low, survival rate is low, vegetation coverage is low, sparse uneven first-class.Therefore, adopt ecological bag, plant biological bag modes such as (bands) to afforest side slope and be subjected to very big restriction, can not solve problems such as greening side slope, Gu Po and sloping body draining.
The utility model content
The utility model purpose is to provide a kind of can solve problems such as greening side slope, Gu Po and sloping body draining; realize the fast quick-recovery of excavation or embankment slope ecological environment; the protection of realization slope vegetation; and soil and slope protection is effective; the vegetation coverage height; turf speed is fast, the vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the neat homogeneous of emerging.
Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model, comprise the more than one green pad of planting, each green pad of planting comprises the cloth cover that a degradable geotextile or gauze are made, be filled with greening base material in each cloth cover respectively for plant growing, the greening base material is filled the cloth cover in the form of sheets, be mixed with vegetable seeds in the greening base material, the external surface of each described cloth cover is coated with the cover net that degradable high polymer material is made, whole green pads of planting are laid on the side slope, each is green plants pad and adopts more than one passing greenly to plant the fixture that pad inserts side slope surface downwards and be fixed on the side slope respectively, what be arranged in green side slope of planting pad below domaticly is embedded with a plurality of drainage pipes that ooze, the inner end of oozing drainage pipe is higher than the outer end, and the outer end of oozing drainage pipe is positioned near the green soffit of planting pad.
Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model, the wherein said green pad of planting is paved with described side slope surface, and extend out to curb, platform and place, moat top, 0.2-0.3 rice in the side slope is imbedded at green top of planting pad, the green top of planting pad that is positioned at the below is provided with the flange of downward upset bending, the green flange of planting pad that is positioned at the below rides over the green top of planting rebasing portion that is positioned at the top that is adjacent, and adopts junction button to link to each other.
Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model, the wherein said horizon of axis normal on side slope that oozes drainage pipe, the axis and the angle between the horizontal plane that ooze drainage pipe are 5 °-20 °, the insertion depth that oozes the drainage pipe along continuous straight runs is a 0.6-1.5 rice, oozes the 2.6-3.5 rice setting of being separated by between the drainage pipe.
Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model, the top, slope of wherein said side slope, toe and platform place are provided with the gutter respectively, described axis and the angle between the horizontal plane that oozes drainage pipe is 8 °-12 °, the insertion depth that oozes the drainage pipe along continuous straight runs is a 0.8-1.2 rice, oozes the 2.8-3.2 rice setting of being separated by between the drainage pipe.
Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model, the domatic gutter that is provided with of wherein said side slope, described axis and the angle between the horizontal plane that oozes drainage pipe is 10 °, and the insertion depth that oozes the drainage pipe along continuous straight runs is 1.0 meters, oozes the 3.0 meters settings of being separated by between the drainage pipe.
Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model, wherein said fixture is bamboo nail or timber, the length of fixture is 0.2-0.3 rice, the 1.2-1.8 rice setting of being separated by between the fixture, the described diameter that oozes drainage pipe is 0.05 meter.
Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model, it comprises the more than one green pad of planting, each green pad of planting comprises the cloth cover that a degradable geotextile or gauze are made, be filled with greening base material in each cloth cover respectively for plant growing, the greening base material is filled the cloth cover in the form of sheets, be mixed with vegetable seeds in the greening base material, the external surface of each cloth cover is coated with the cover net that degradable high polymer material is made, whole green pads of planting are laid on the side slope, each is green plants pad and adopts more than one passing greenly to plant the fixture that pad inserts side slope surface downwards and be fixed on the side slope respectively, what be arranged in green side slope of planting pad below domaticly is embedded with a plurality of drainage pipes that ooze, the inner end of oozing drainage pipe is higher than the outer end, and the outer end of oozing drainage pipe is positioned near the green soffit of planting pad.In use, the green pad of planting can be laid on the side slope of greening, and the green pad of planting is carried out necessary watering, the vegetable seeds that is mixed with in the greening base material will germinate and penetrate the surface of cloth cover, cover net, through the regular hour, just can realize the side slope protection greening.Therefore; vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model can solve problems such as greening side slope, Gu Po and sloping body draining; realize the fast quick-recovery of excavation or embankment slope ecological environment; the protection of realization slope vegetation, and soil and slope protection is effective, vegetation coverage is high, turf speed is fast, the neat homogeneous of emerging.
Other details of vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model and characteristics can just can be cheer and bright by reading the embodiment hereinafter encyclopaedize in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the main pseudosection of a kind of embodiment of vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation after the green partial cross-section of planting pad in the utility model splits.
The specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model, comprise the more than one green pad 7 of planting, each is green plants the cloth cover 1 that pad 7 comprises that a degradable geotextile or gauze are made, degradation time was preferably about 1 year, be filled with the greening base material 2 for plant growing in each cloth cover 1 respectively, greening base material 2 is formed by proportionings by a certain percentage such as vegetable seeds, cultivation matrix, water-loss reducer, adhesive, wood fiber, fertilizer.Greening base material 2 is filled cloth cover 1 in the form of sheets, be mixed with vegetable seeds in the greening base material 2, the external surface of each cloth cover 1 is coated with the cover net 3 that degradable high polymer material is made, whole green pads of planting are laid on the side slope 5, each is green plants pad 7 and adopts respectively and more than onely pass the green pad 7 of planting and insert side slope 5 domatic fixtures 4 downwards and be fixed on the side slope 5, fixture 4 preferred bamboo nails, also can be timber, the length of fixture 4 is 0.2-0.3 rice, being separated by between the fixture 4 1.5 meters is provided with, perhaps be separated by 1.2 meters or 1.4 meters or 1.6 meters or 1.8 meters settings.Be arranged in green side slope 5 domatic of planting pad 7 belows and be embedded with a plurality of drainage pipes 6 that ooze, the diameter that oozes drainage pipe 6 can be 0.05 meter, ooze the ring stiffness 〉=16KPa of drainage pipe 6, tube wall porosity 〉=80%, the inner end of oozing drainage pipe 6 is higher than the outer end, and the outer end of oozing drainage pipe 6 is positioned near the green soffit of planting pad.The axis that oozes drainage pipe 6 can be perpendicular to the horizon on the side slope 5, the axis and the angle between the horizontal plane that ooze drainage pipe 6 are 10 °, perhaps be other numerical value between 5 °-20 °, the insertion depth that oozes drainage pipe 6 along continuous straight runs is 1.5 meters, perhaps insertion depth is other numerical value between the 0.6-1.5 rice, oozing is separated by between the drainage pipe 63 meters is provided with, and perhaps is other numerical value between the 2.6-3.5 rice.Ooze drainage pipe 6 and have the characteristic of rapid infiltration and directed draining, the infiltration in the time of draining excessive moisture in the soil and heavy rain quicker, more up hill and dale in the soil.
Above-mentionedly greenly plant pad 7 preferably to be paved with side slope 5 domatic, and extend out to curb, platform and place, moat top, 0.2-0.3 rice in the side slope 5 is imbedded at green top of planting pad 7, domatic longer when side slope 5, need a plurality of green pads of planting to be taped against the slope during end from the top, slope, the neighbouring green pad 7 of planting just needs overlap joint to link to each other, its overlapping mode can be: the green top of planting pad 7 that is positioned at the below is provided with the flange of downward upset bending, the green flange of planting pad 7 that is positioned at the below rides over the green top of planting pad 7 bottoms that is positioned at the top that is adjacent, and adopts junction button to link to each other.When the domatic broad of side slope 5, need a plurality of green pads 7 of planting could be taped against the other end from an end of side slope 5 time, adjacent green, the left and right sides planted pad 7 and preferably pasted tightly mutually and lay, and do not leave the gap.
The top, slope of side slope 5, toe and platform place are provided with the gutter respectively, the domatic gutter that is provided with of side slope 5.The slope drainage system must be provided with the growing environment that whether appropriately and rationally is directly connected to slope vegetation, for length, big side slope, top, slope, toe and platform place, the gutter preferably is set, for on side slope 5 domatic, size according to the slope flow amount considers whether the slope drainage ditch is set, and guarantees that rainwater is not at domatic formation runoff.
Above-mentioned bamboo nail can adopt medicament to handle, make its can be pest-resistant, anti-mildew, acid and alkali-resistance, degradation time was preferably about 1~2 year fully.
Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection works of the present utility model system in use, the green pad 7 of planting can be laid on the side slope that needs greening, and the green pad 7 of planting carried out necessary watering, the vegetable seeds that is mixed with in the greening base material 2 will germinate and penetrate the surface of cloth cover 1, cover net 3, through the regular hour, just can realize the side slope protection greening.
The bank protection mechanism of vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model is as follows:
1. in earlier stage (lay---before vegetation forms)
Vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model is being laid early stage, mainly is to reach protection effect by the green mechanics effect and the hydrologic effect of planting pad 7, fixture 4 and oozing drainage pipe 6.Before slope vegetation forms,, just can play the bank protection effect as long as lay the green pad 7 of planting.Wherein, greenly plant the cloth cover 1 that pad 7 degradable geotextile or gauze make and can weaken sputter, suppress surface flow, soil erosion etc., also can resist heavy rain washes away, prevents domatic coombe, thereby protects domatic.In addition, a part of rain penetration can provide the green required moisture of pad 7 implants growth of planting in green greening base material 2 of planting in the pad 7, and 4 of fixtures can play the effect of anchoring slope body; And bury underground in side slope 5 domatic ooze drainage pipe 6 can discharge domatic in redundant moisture, reduce side slope 5 sloping body opening crack water pressures, thereby keep the stability of side slope 5.
2. transitional period (vegetation forms the back---before cover net 3 that degradable high polymer material is made, 1 degraded of cloth cover)
After slope vegetation forms; the green pad, vegetation, soil of planting can combine securely; form a kind of firm compound mechanics interlocking system (root system-geotechnological material-soil body organic complex); ooze the hydrology effect of drainage pipe 6 in addition; form the firm green composite protection layer of one deck; can prevent that violent storm from directly dashing attacks the soil body of side slope 5, thereby can allow side slope 5 can withstand the impact of big flow, high water level.
3. maturity period (the cover net 3 made of degradable high polymer material, cloth cover 1 degraded back)
After cover net 3 that degradable high polymer material is made, 1 degraded of cloth cover, sloping body vegetation has possessed powerful underground root system system, is enough to play the bank protection effect.The effect of cover net 3, cloth cover 1 is substituted by flourishing day by day draft root zone gradually, and the anchorage effect of fixture 4 is substituted by the dark root system of shrub.Maturity period mainly relies on the mechanics of root system of plant to reinforce and the hydrologic effect of plant stem-leaf is realized bank protection and the purpose of improving the ecological environment.
In sum, vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system of the present utility model can replace concrete, mortar flag stone etc. as nonvolatil active bank protection layer, have that soil and slope protection is effective, vegetation coverage is high, turf speed is fast, the neat homogeneous of emerging, easy construction, advantage such as in light weight, reached the double effects of side slope protection and greening, integrate ecological, environmental protective, low-carbon energy-saving, flexible attractive in appearance, being the pioneer of slope vegetation restoration, is the once subversive novel slope vegetation protection mode of slope vegetation protection field of engineering technology.
Embodiment recited above is described preferred implementation of the present utility model; be not that the utility model scope is limited; design under the spiritual prerequisite not breaking away from the utility model; various distortion and improvement that the common engineers and technicians in this area make the technical solution of the utility model all should fall in the definite protection domain of claims of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system, comprise the more than one green pad (7) of planting, it is characterized in that each described green cloth cover (1) that pad (7) comprises that a degradable geotextile or gauze are made of planting, be filled with greening base material (2) in each cloth cover (1) respectively for plant growing, greening base material (2) is filled cloth cover (1) in the form of sheets, the external surface of each described cloth cover (1) is coated with the cover net (3) that degradable high polymer material is made, all the green pad (7) of planting is laid on the side slope (5), each is green plants pad (7) and adopts respectively and more than onely pass the green pad (7) of planting and insert the domatic fixture (4) of side slope (5) downwards and be fixed on the side slope (5), what be arranged in green side slope (5) of planting pad (7) below domaticly is embedded with a plurality of drainage pipes (6) that ooze, the inner end of oozing drainage pipe (6) is higher than the outer end, and the outer end of oozing drainage pipe (6) is positioned near the green soffit of planting pad (7).
2. vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that describedly greenly planting pad (7) to be paved with described side slope (5) domatic, and extend out to curb, platform and place, moat top, the interior 0.2-0.3 rice of side slope (5) is imbedded at green top of planting pad (7), the green top of planting pad (7) that is positioned at the below is provided with the flange of downward upset bending, the green flange of planting pad (7) that is positioned at the below rides over the green top of planting pad (7) bottom that is positioned at the top that is adjacent, and adopts junction button to link to each other.
3. vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that the described horizon of axis normal on side slope (5) that oozes drainage pipe (6), the axis and the angle between the horizontal plane that ooze drainage pipe (6) are 5 °-20 °, the insertion depth that oozes drainage pipe (6) along continuous straight runs is a 0.6-1.5 rice, oozes the 2.6-3.5 rice setting of being separated by between the drainage pipe (6).
4. vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system according to claim 3, the top, slope, toe and the platform place that it is characterized in that described side slope (5) are provided with the gutter respectively, described axis and the angle between the horizontal plane that oozes drainage pipe (6) is 8 °-12 °, the insertion depth that oozes drainage pipe (6) along continuous straight runs is a 0.8-1.2 rice, oozes the 2.8-3.2 rice setting of being separated by between the drainage pipe (6).
5. vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system according to claim 4, the domatic gutter that is provided with that it is characterized in that described side slope (5), described axis and the angle between the horizontal plane that oozes drainage pipe (6) is 10 °, the insertion depth that oozes drainage pipe (6) along continuous straight runs is 1.0 meters, oozes the 3.0 meters settings of being separated by between the drainage pipe (6).
6. vertical planting vegetation pad slope protection system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described fixture (4) is bamboo nail or timber, the length of fixture (4) is 0.2-0.3 rice, the 1.2-1.8 rice setting of being separated by between the fixture (4), and the described diameter that oozes drainage pipe (6) is 0.05 meter.
CN2011200014294U 2011-01-05 2011-01-05 Slope protection system with stereoscopic afforestation vegetation cushions Expired - Lifetime CN201972156U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102561369A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-11 尚久駜 Earthiness side slope ecology protective structure
CN103015440A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-03 常州工学院 Green protection device for expansive soil cut slope and method thereof
CN103243799A (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-08-14 中钢集团马鞍山矿山研究院有限公司 Prevention and treatment method of water scour hazards of binding site of mine solid waste yard and mountain area
CN103374906A (en) * 2012-04-19 2013-10-30 成都智利达科技有限公司 Novel landslide displacement monitoring system
CN103583338A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-02-19 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Roof green planting structure
CN109937805A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-06-28 大连迪安缇科技有限公司 A kind of mine slope greening method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102561369A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-11 尚久駜 Earthiness side slope ecology protective structure
CN103374906A (en) * 2012-04-19 2013-10-30 成都智利达科技有限公司 Novel landslide displacement monitoring system
CN103015440A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-03 常州工学院 Green protection device for expansive soil cut slope and method thereof
CN103243799A (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-08-14 中钢集团马鞍山矿山研究院有限公司 Prevention and treatment method of water scour hazards of binding site of mine solid waste yard and mountain area
CN103583338A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-02-19 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Roof green planting structure
CN103583338B (en) * 2013-11-19 2015-11-11 北京东方园林股份有限公司 A kind of roof greening planting structure
CN109937805A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-06-28 大连迪安缇科技有限公司 A kind of mine slope greening method

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Granted publication date: 20110914