CN107100176A - A kind of expressway slope greening system - Google Patents

A kind of expressway slope greening system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107100176A
CN107100176A CN201710269308.XA CN201710269308A CN107100176A CN 107100176 A CN107100176 A CN 107100176A CN 201710269308 A CN201710269308 A CN 201710269308A CN 107100176 A CN107100176 A CN 107100176A
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
slope
plant
anchor pole
duster
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CN201710269308.XA
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CN107100176B (en
Inventor
黄健
吕超麟
陈雷
童雪峰
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Zhejiang Zhongjing Municipal Garden Construction Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Zhongjing Municipal Garden Construction Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • E02D17/202Securing of slopes or inclines with flexible securing means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of expressway slope greening system, its drip irrigation device is:Include slope trimming cleaning, planting soil and lower base manure, linked network anchor pole, sow grass seeds by duster, earthing of sowing grass seeds by duster, protection of sowing grass seeds by duster, fixed point unwrapping wire, the plantation and protection of digging cave and nursery stock;With having side slope vegetation, survival rate is high, slope landscape is graceful, speed of application is fast and vegetative coverage stability of slope effect.

Description

A kind of expressway slope greening system
Technical field
The present invention relates to greening side slope technical field, more specifically, it relates to a kind of expressway slope greening system.
Background technology
In highway construction, municipal works or gardens project construction, the bare side sloping that exploitation massif can often be caused, bare side sloping It is unfavorable for landscape effect harmonious, and because side slope has compared with High angle, side slope soil property is easily lost in, particularly through rain drop erosion, erosion After quarter, side slope soil property is more loose easily to occur cave-in accident, therefore needs side slope to be repaired and afforested.
It is big to the damage envelope of natural environment because the scope that slope of highway is distributed along highway is wide, therefore we need to adopt With appropriate greening means of defence, make the features such as highway has safe, comfortable, attractive in appearance, in accordance with natural environment;Traditional slope of rock mass Plant landscape method be to transplant climber, slope top in toe and plant Hanging Plants or dig planting groove or fish-scale pit on scar to plant Plant edge, Hanging Plants and flowering shrub etc. and realize greening;Some slope species technologies are developed in recent years, such as geotechnical grid grass planting is protected Slope technology and geotechnological three-dimension vegetative net technology etc., these methods have slow speed of application, maintenance difficulty, survival rate is low, plant It is capped the shortcomings of entirely domatic required time is long, green period is short.
The content of the invention
In view of the deficienciess of the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of expressway slope greening system, With the effect for improving its speed of application, survival rate height and vegetative coverage stability of slope.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of expressway slope greening system, comprises the following steps:
S1, by design grade cleaning and the smooth gradient;
S2, planting soil, and watered with water by domatic;
S3, side slope upper berth hang galvanized wire mesh, galvanized wire mesh is taken advantage of a situation under paving along domatic during construction, tensed during laying zinc-plated Wire netting, lay it is smooth after, galvanized wire mesh is fixed from top to bottom with long anchor pole and Short bolt, and make galvanized wire mesh with Domatic distance keeps 3~5cm, and long anchor pole is staggered with Short bolt, and transverse direction and longitudinal direction spacing is 1m, and gauze pad is fixed on into side On slope;
S4, well mixed base material is sprayed on gauze pad using spray seeder forms attachment platform, then using the careless machine of spray by seed, height Uniform spray is shone to the surface of side slope after secondary granule agent and composite fibre mixing;
S5, the uniform earthing on the gauze pad for spraying grass seeds mixture;
Non-woven fabrics is covered on earthing after S6, injection;
S7, fixed point unwrapping wire, every plant of strain position is done on non-woven fabrics and makees telltale mark;
S8, the progress digging cave at telltale mark, and the base manure that one layer of warp of pad fully becomes thoroughly decomposed in plant pit;
S9, nursery stock is trimmed be colonized again.
It is arranged such, clears up and the smooth gradient makes the domatic clean and tidy smooth gradient state of holding one, be easy to later stage base material Sow grass seeds by duster in the covering of domatic upper and soil, improve the plantation stability of vegetation;Greenery patches ground is less than roadside or road tooth simultaneously Lead to municipal drainage pipe well along the line and by the surface water, reduce domatic overall aqueous degree, humidity is excessive and cause when reducing the rainy day Come down phenomenon, improves domatic safety and stability performance.
Further set, clear up and the smooth gradient comprises the following steps:(1)Plantation earth's surface is pressed into the smooth greening of design requirement Ground, while removing gravel weeds debris;(2)It is smooth to want consequent relief and surrounding environment, turtleback shape or slope shape are made into, the gradient is fixed With sharp draining between 2.5%~3.0%;(3)It is all to be less than road by the wide interior greenery patches ground of 50~100cm along roadside or road tooth 30cm along the tooth of Bian Huo roads, and the surface water is led into municipal drainage pipe well in floor treatment.
Be arranged such, make it is domatic keep a clean and tidy smooth gradient state, be easy to later stage base material to sow grass seeds by duster on domatic, together When be easy to the covering of later stage soil, the plantation effect of vegetation;Initial stage, by being added water on planting soil, can make domatic keep necessarily Water content, than the growth for liking you and seed;Galvanized wire mesh stabilization is attached on domatic by anchor pole, while galvanized wire Net can provide a good base station to vegetation growth, play a part of reducing stone, soil block tenesmus, and with good anti-corrosion The stability of performance and structure, is more stablized by from slope top to bottom of slope hanging, its paving paving extension order;When kind of a plant base Bottom be installed on it is domatic after, then well mixed base material be sprayed on gauze pad by spray seeder form attachment platform, there is seed One growth platform, then shone uniform spray after the mixing of seed, the agent of high order granule and composite fibre to the table of side slope by spraying careless machine Face, makes seed homoepitaxial;By covering one layer of earthing to it after sowing grass seeds by duster, the seed of face layer is set to play a part of protection, then Covered temporarily by non-woven fabrics, play a part of reducing rain drop erosion, and with certain gas permeability, it is ensured that vegetation growth;It It is easy to the later stage to carry out digging cave on domatic to carrying out line setting on non-woven fabrics again afterwards, the integral layout planted to slope vegetation Preferably control, finally by plantation shrub etc., be easy to the growth of vegetation root system, improve the stability of overall side slope, make grass Grown when class plant and similar tree, improve greening side slope system side slope and form good protective effect, reduce slope and land slide Phenomenon, improves the security performance of expressway slope, and improve the greening performance attractive in appearance of side slope;Improve expressway slope Landscape, and can recover the natural vegetation destroyed by highway construction, conserves water and soil, the effect of surrounding environment, ecological benefits, realizes green Change time length, growth survival rate are high, slope landscape is graceful, speed of application is fast and vegetative coverage stability of slope effect, and have Unique side slope function.
Further set, the planting soil comprises the following steps:(1)It is 5.5~7.5 planting soil and ground by pH value Lower floor connects, and keeps soil capillary, liquid, the up/down perforation of gas;(2)Ground quilt is formed after planting soil plantation, to plantation Soil is applied fertilizer, and ground is carried out after fertilising, and a 20~30m is deep to be ploughed, and fertilizer is fully mixed with planting soil.
It is arranged such, improves vegetation to the demand of soil, be easy to vegetation late growing stage, while making soil that there is certain pine Softness, is easy to the growth of young plants, and Soil and Fertilizer is well mixed, makes plant absorption uniform, is easy to the whole growth of plant.
Further set, anchor bolt construction step comprises the following steps:(1)First constructed before earth excavation anchor before the toplap of slope After pipe, 70% that design strength is reached with slip casting intensity, domatic earthwork construction is carried out;(2)The earthwork, which is ended to first row anchor pole, to be set 0.2m below seated position, first row anchor pole of constructing, anchor bolt construction finishes rear linked network pad, gunite concrete;(3)Band first row anchor pole After injecting cement paste and gunite concrete surface layer reach the 70% of design strength, downward earth excavation;(4)Repeat above-mentioned(2)、(3)Step Suddenly, until the elevation of earth excavation to the design grade.
It is arranged such, improves the stability that anchor pole is installed on to galvanized wire mesh on domatic, make the base material in the later stage, cover Soil, vegetation are attached on domatic by the way that galvanized wire mesh is stable, are improved later stage planting location and are integrally attached to domatic safety Stability, also improves the stability of vegetation growth.
Further set, sow grass seeds by duster including step once:(1)The base material mixture that will be well mixed using concrete sprayer High-pressure injection is the matrix material that 3cm is left on 6~9cm, and gauze pad in forming attachment platform, attachment platform average thickness on gauze pad Material;(2)After mixture injection, uniformly sowed grass seeds by duster after being mixed seed, the agent of high order granule and composite fibre with the careless machine of spray in base material On mixture, thickness of sowing grass seeds by duster is 2cm, and the wire netting for having more than 60% after the completion of sowing grass seeds by duster is capped;(3)After sowing grass seeds by duster sooner or later daily Water to be gradually reduced irrigation times after keeping ground moistening, Cheng Ping.
It is arranged such, the stable connection performance between on the one hand can improving vegetation growth basic unit and being domatic also improves plant To domatic attachment stability, the agent of high order granule is attached on base material by spraying machine injection, makes base material with seed in growth With water-retaining property, nutrient preserving capability, there are water penetration, gas permeability again, moreover it is possible to be effective against weathering and wind erosion, prevent erosion, to plant Thing growth provides best guarantee, and the vegetation base for being most suitable for plant growth is made;Improve the survival rate of the growth of vegetation.
Further set:The proportioning of the base material is as follows:Wood-fibred 300g/m2, per tank usage amount 150kg, chemical fertilizer 10g/m2 Per tank usage amount 8kg, adhesive 6g/m2, per tank usage amount 3kg, peat 380g/m2, per tank usage amount 220kg, peat soil 600g/m2, per tank usage amount 300kg.
Be arranged such, with certain flexibility, be easy to the growth of vegetation root system, and by adhesive and chemical fertilizer, peat soil, Peat is sufficiently mixed, and is formed good base material, is easy to form vegetation good growth base material, and peat soil has necessarily wet Degree and nutriment, further improve the growth at plant initial stage.
Further set, fixed point unwrapping wire comprises the following steps:(1)Every plant of tree plant is measured with survey tool by design requirement Position;(2)Carry out mark on non-woven fabrics by marking pen, and by the specification of the seeds title, specification size and hole of plant Show.
It is arranged such, is easy to the later stage to carry out digging cave on domatic, the integral layout that slope vegetation is planted preferably is controlled, Also the precision of construction in later period is improved, and the corresponding vegetation of correspondence is easily operated, and is easy to construction in later period.
Further set:Dig in cave and 40~80cm of amplification is widened by regulation root range scope or soil ball, deepen 20~ 30cm, stacks table soil with subsoil when digging cave respectively, and the size of plant pit keeps wound edge and base vertical.
It is arranged such, is easy to the placement to plant, while corresponding nutrition can be added during later stage pre-buried soil Thing and pre-buried space, are easy to the growth at plant initial stage, at the same soil pile up separately is also allowed for the later stage bury hole layered it is pre-buried Effect.
Further set:In trimming plantation, its depth ratio original soil should deep 2~3cm, not nest root during plant is adjacent before plantation Difference is no more than 50cm between seeds, and diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground difference is no more than 1cm, puts seedling and enters cave center and righting, the full cave of back-filling in layers is cheated, and Native face is covered the root neck position of trees, when inserting at table soil pit deep 2/3, gently carry seedling, then one layer of pine is covered on plant pit surface Soil.
It is arranged such, makes the growth that vegetation is unified, reduce vegetation growth and differ, and phase is grown between the adjacent vegetation of reduction Mutually masking;Root is carried upwards when pre-buried simultaneously, the mutual extruding between making reduction root only is improved between root and soil Attaching space, be easy to the growth of vegetation root system.
Further set:When beating anchor pole, long every square metre of anchor pole usage amount is no less than 40, Short bolt on anchor pole consumption Usage amount is no less than 150.
Be arranged such, anchor pole is attached to galvanized wire mesh is stable on domatic, at the same according to domatic concrete condition or The domatic degree of packing of person, corresponding anchor pole is used in different places, is improved the firmness of galvanized wire mesh attachment, be can reach again The utilization rate of anchor pole is improved, the effect that later stage vegetation is attached to by the stabilization of galvanized wire mesh on domatic is improved.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention is compared compared with the prior art:Make straw or like vegetable and grown when setting similar, Improve greening side slope system side slope and form good protective effect, reduce the phenomenon of slope and land slide, improve expressway slope Security performance, and improve side slope greening performance attractive in appearance;Improve the landscape of expressway slope, and can recover to be built by highway If the natural vegetation of destruction, conserves water and soil, the effect of surrounding environment, ecological benefits, greening time length, growth survival rate are realized High, slope landscape is graceful, speed of application is fast and vegetative coverage stability of slope effect, and with unique side slope function.
Embodiment
Expressway slope greening system is described further below.
A kind of expressway slope greening system, include slope trimming cleaning, planting soil and lower base manure, linked network anchor pole, Sow grass seeds by duster, earthing of sowing grass seeds by duster, protection of sowing grass seeds by duster, fixed point unwrapping wire, the plantation and protection for digging cave and nursery stock;Its Specific construction step is as follows.
First, slope trimming cleaning comprises the following steps:
(1)Plantation earth's surface is pressed into the smooth Green space of design requirement, while removing gravel weeds debris;
(2)It is smooth to want consequent relief and surrounding environment, turtleback shape or slope shape are made into, the gradient is scheduled between 2.5%~3.0% with profit row Water;
(3)It is all by 50~100cm along roadside or road tooth it is wide in greenery patches ground less than 30cm along roadside or road tooth, and The surface water is led into municipal drainage pipe well during floor treatment.
2nd, planting soil and lower base manure comprise the following steps
(1)By pH value being connected with subterranean layer for 5.5~7.5 planting soil, planting soil depth requirements are that meadow is more than 20cm, flower Shrub requires that more than 30cm arbor then requires the qualified soil layer for having more than 80-150cm around plantation soil ball, and keeps soil Capillary, liquid, the up/down perforation of gas;
(2)Ground quilt is formed after planting soil plantation, planting soil is applied fertilizer, ground is by 20~30m depth of progress after fertilising Plough, fertilizer is fully mixed with planting soil, accomplish that loam frost melts, play and both improve soil nutrient, arbor, shrub should be in plantations It is preceding to mix loam on cave side, it is sequentially placed into cave bottom and planting bed.
3rd, linked network anchor pole comprises the following steps
Galvanized wire mesh is hung on side slope upper berth, galvanized wire mesh is taken advantage of a situation under paving along domatic during construction, galvanized iron is tensed during laying Silk screen, after laying is smooth, is fixed galvanized wire mesh with long anchor pole and Short bolt from top to bottom, when fixed, is existed as needed The underbed of galvanized wire use different-thickness off the net, and make galvanized wire mesh and domatic distance keep 3~5cm, long anchor pole with Short bolt is staggered, and transverse direction and longitudinal direction spacing is 1m;In Po Dingchu, galvanized wire mesh stretches out slope top and bottom of slope 20cm, and The galvanized wire mesh of bottom of slope is placed in platform bankets;When beating anchor pole, long every square metre of anchor pole usage amount is many on anchor pole consumption In 40, Short bolt usage amount is no less than 150.
Wherein, the construction of anchor pole comprises the following steps:
(1)First construct anchor tube before the toplap of slope, after 70% that design strength is reached with slip casting intensity, carry out domatic before earth excavation Earthwork construction;
(2)The earthwork ends the 0.2m to first row anchor pole set location, and first row anchor pole of constructing, anchor bolt construction finishes rear linked network Pad, gunite concrete;
(3)After the 70% of design strength being reached with first row bolt grouting body and gunite concrete surface layer, downward earth excavation;
(4)Repeat above-mentioned(2)、(3)Step, until the elevation of earth excavation to the design grade.
Carry out having following test to anchor pole before to anchor bolt construction simultaneously:
(1)Pulling test is carried out to anchor pole according to specification, test data is no less than 3 no less than the 5% of every layer of anchor pole quantity;
(2)In order to control the horizontal displacement of side slope, the good prestressing force of generation is spaced on every layer of anchor pole, prestressing force most anchor pole power is designed The 70% of value, prestressed anchor sets 2m free segment;
(3)The preservative treatment of anchor pole:A. anchoring section body of rod overcoat bellows, pipe internal pore is filled with cement mortar, its vicinity Protective layer thickness portion is less than 1cm, and free segment body of rod surface applies lubricating oil, then reports plastic cloth, then applies lubricating oil, finally loads modeling Expect in sleeve pipe;Anchor head exposed parts elder generation pitching, then in sealing, protective layer thickness is not less than 2.5cm.
4th, sow grass seeds by duster and comprise the following steps:
(1)It is attached using concrete sprayer by well mixed base material mixture high-pressure injection in forming attachment platform on gauze pad Platform average thickness to leave 3cm host material on 6~9cm, and gauze pad;
(2)After mixture injection, the fiber nutrient mud containing grass seeds is uniformly sowed grass seeds by duster on base material mixture with the careless machine of spray, sprayed Thickness is broadcast for 2cm, and the wire netting for having more than 60% after the completion of sowing grass seeds by duster is capped;
(3)Water to be gradually reduced irrigation times after keeping ground moistening, Cheng Ping sooner or later daily after sowing grass seeds by duster.
Wherein, the proportioning of base material is as follows:Wood-fibred 300g/m2, per tank usage amount 150kg, chemical fertilizer 10g/m2Per tank usage amount 8kg, adhesive 6g/m2, per tank usage amount 3kg, peat 380g/m2, per tank usage amount 220kg, peat soil 600g/m2, per tank Usage amount 300kg.
5th, sow grass seeds by duster earthing
After the completion of mixture injection, the fiber nutrient mud containing grass seeds is uniformly sowed grass seeds by duster on base material mixture with spray seeder, And on the gauze pad for spraying grass seeds mixture uniform earthing.
6th, sow grass seeds by duster protection
Cover non-woven fabrics to prevent rain drop erosion on earthing after injection.
7th, fixed point unwrapping wire comprises the following steps
(1)Before nursery stock is planted fixed point unwrapping wire is carried out according to design drawing and drawing joint examination summary;
(2)The fixed point of arbor is so that with tape measure, lining rope etc., the foundation that timber is used as field planting and plant is followed closely by the position of design, fixed point When should avoid such as barriers such as husky well, pipelines, the size of design should not be adhered rigidly to, and should neatly be adjusted, and every Upper eye-catching mark is done in the center of strain strain position with labels such as paint, makees telltale mark;
(3)Using measuring instrument, or gridding method unwrapping wire is used, first on the ground with instruments such as tape measure, lining ropes according to design drawing On corresponding proportion it is equidistant pull grid square, grid can be drawn with lime, can also follow closely a hanging wire, then using these grid lines make Coordinate in length and breadth, correctly fixed point location on the ground, nails on timber or sprinkles lime and indicate;Ensure that unwrapping wire place is accurate, circuit is suitable Freely, area, size are qualified, measure the position of every plant of tree plant with survey tool by design requirement;
(4)Carry out mark on non-woven fabrics by marking pen, and by the specification table of the seeds title, specification size and hole of plant It is bright.
8th, cave is dug to comprise the following steps:
(1)Acupuncture point is accurate, and length meets the requirements, and should downwards dug along surrounding centered on fixed ash point before planting nursery stock Cave, plant plant hole size depending on soil ball specification and root system situation, with soil ball should 16~20cm bigger than soil ball, pocket depth one As than soil ball height it is slightly deep(10~20cm), bore is in the same size above and below cave, cave without(" the bottom of a pan cave ")Etc. phenomenon;
(2)Digging widens 40~80cm of amplification in cave by regulation root range scope or soil ball, deepens 20~30cm, by table during digging cave Soil is stacked respectively with subsoil, and the size of plant pit keeps wound edge and base vertical;
(3)After kind plant hole is dug, can be filled out in cave should also spread on a little tables soil, then the base manure that one layer of warp of pad fully becomes thoroughly decomposed, base manure More than a layer thickness 5cm loam.
9th, the plantation of nursery stock includes step with protection:
(1)Nursery stock is transported to behind job site carries out moderate pruning to nursery stock, can be colonized after trimming, the position of field planting, which should meet, to be set Meter is required;
(2)The construction method of field planting:Base manure is fully mixed with hack before plant, arbor in column applies a straight line, and by kind Wooden natural height that plants seedlings is arranged in order;Its depth ratio original soil should deep 2~3cm, not nest root during plant, before plantation between adjacent seeds Difference is no more than 50cm, and diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground difference is no more than 1cm, the soil ball of nursery stock is put into kind of plant hole, makes its placed in the middle;Trunk is stood again Rise, righting, it is kept vertical;Then the full cave hole of back-filling in layers, and enable native face to cover the root neck position of trees, is tentatively planted It should also check whether trunk still keeps vertical after good, tree crown whether there is deflection;If deflection it is necessary to being subject to righting again;One Righting trees in side are while add planting soil, and planting soil should be smashed and be layered and be consolidated with waddy, root system is fully contacted with soil, and make Native face can cover the root neck position of trees, when inserting at table soil pit deep 2/3, gently carry seedling, then plant pit surface is covered into one layer and loosen the soil, Remaining cave soil earthed up within one week around root neck, do circularize block water cofferdam, the diameter in its cofferdam should be slightly bigger than kind of a plant hole Diameter, it is real that weir soil will clap compression, it is impossible to loose;
(3)Supported after field planting, pour first pass water after field planting in 24 hours, soil is fully absorbed moisture, root system and soil Combine closely, in favor of root system development;Second of water is poured after 3~5 days, third time water is poured within 7~8 days.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited merely to above-mentioned implementation Example, all technical schemes belonged under thinking of the present invention belong to protection scope of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the art Those of ordinary skill for, some improvements and modifications without departing from the principles of the present invention, these improvements and modifications It should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of expressway slope greening system, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
S1, by design grade cleaning and the smooth gradient;
S2, planting soil, and watered with water by domatic;
S3, side slope upper berth hang galvanized wire mesh, galvanized wire mesh is taken advantage of a situation under paving along domatic during construction, tensed during laying zinc-plated Wire netting, lay it is smooth after, galvanized wire mesh is fixed from top to bottom with long anchor pole and Short bolt, and make galvanized wire mesh with Domatic distance keeps 3~5cm, and long anchor pole is staggered with Short bolt, and transverse direction and longitudinal direction spacing is 1m, and gauze pad is fixed on into side On slope;
S4, well mixed base material is sprayed on gauze pad using spray seeder forms attachment platform, then using the careless machine of spray by seed, height Uniform spray is shone to the surface of side slope after secondary granule agent and composite fibre mixing;
S5, the uniform earthing on the gauze pad for spraying grass seeds mixture;
Non-woven fabrics is covered on earthing after S6, injection;
S7, fixed point unwrapping wire, every plant of strain position is done on non-woven fabrics and makees telltale mark;
S8, the progress digging cave at telltale mark, and the base manure that one layer of warp of pad fully becomes thoroughly decomposed in plant pit;
S9, nursery stock is trimmed be colonized again.
2. a kind of expressway slope greening system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that clear up and smooth gradient bag Include following steps:
(1)Plantation earth's surface is pressed into the smooth Green space of design requirement, while removing gravel weeds debris;
(2)It is smooth to want consequent relief and surrounding environment, turtleback shape or slope shape are made into, the gradient is scheduled between 2.5%~3.0% with profit row Water;
(3)It is all by 50~100cm along roadside or road tooth it is wide in greenery patches ground less than 30cm along roadside or road tooth, and The surface water is led into municipal drainage pipe well during floor treatment.
3. a kind of expressway slope greening system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the planting soil includes Following steps:
(1)PH value be connected for 5.5~7.5 planting soil with subterranean layer, and holding soil capillary, liquid, gas is upper Lower insertion;
(2)Ground quilt is formed after planting soil plantation, planting soil is applied fertilizer, ground is by 20~30m depth of progress after fertilising Plough, fertilizer is fully mixed with planting soil.
4. a kind of expressway slope greening system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that anchor bolt construction step includes Following steps:
(1)First construct anchor tube before the toplap of slope, after 70% that design strength is reached with slip casting intensity, carry out domatic before earth excavation Earthwork construction;
(2)The earthwork ends the 0.2m to first row anchor pole set location, and first row anchor pole of constructing, anchor bolt construction finishes rear linked network Pad, gunite concrete;
(3)After the 70% of design strength being reached with first row bolt grouting body and gunite concrete surface layer, downward earth excavation;
(4)Repeat above-mentioned(2)、(3)Step, until the elevation of earth excavation to the design grade.
5. a kind of expressway slope greening system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that sow grass seeds by duster including once walking Suddenly:
(1)It is attached using concrete sprayer by well mixed base material mixture high-pressure injection in forming attachment platform on gauze pad Platform average thickness to leave 3cm host material on 6~9cm, and gauze pad;
(2)After mixture injection, uniformly sowed grass seeds by duster after being mixed seed, the agent of high order granule and composite fibre with the careless machine of spray in base material On mixture, thickness of sowing grass seeds by duster is 2cm, and the wire netting for having more than 60% after the completion of sowing grass seeds by duster is capped;
(3)Water to be gradually reduced irrigation times after keeping ground moistening, Cheng Ping sooner or later daily after sowing grass seeds by duster.
6. a kind of expressway slope greening system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the base material with such as Under:Wood-fibred 300g/m2, per tank usage amount 150kg, chemical fertilizer 10g/m2Per tank usage amount 8kg, adhesive 6g/m2, used per tank Measure 3kg, peat 380g/m2, per tank usage amount 220kg, peat soil 600g/m2, per tank usage amount 300kg.
7. a kind of expressway slope greening system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that fixed point unwrapping wire includes following Step:
(1)The position of every plant of tree plant is measured with survey tool by design requirement;
(2)Carry out mark on non-woven fabrics by marking pen, and by the specification table of the seeds title, specification size and hole of plant It is bright.
8. a kind of expressway slope greening system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Dig in cave by providing root Width scope or soil ball widen 40~80cm of amplification, deepen 20~30cm, stack table soil respectively with subsoil when digging cave, and plant pit Size keep wound along and base vertical.
9. a kind of expressway slope greening system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In trimming plantation, its depth Degree than original soil should deep 2~3cm, not nest root during plant, difference is no more than 50cm between adjacent seeds before plantation, and diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground difference does not surpass 1cm is crossed, seedling is put and enters cave center and righting, the full cave hole of back-filling in layers, and native face is covered the root neck position of trees, table is inserted When at soil pit deep 2/3, seedling is gently carried, then plant pit surface is covered one layer and is loosened the soil.
10. a kind of expressway slope greening system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:When beating anchor pole, anchor pole Long every square metre of anchor pole usage amount is no less than 40 on consumption, and Short bolt usage amount is no less than 150.
CN201710269308.XA 2017-04-24 2017-04-24 A kind of expressway slope greening system Active CN107100176B (en)

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CN108967020A (en) * 2018-10-09 2018-12-11 湖南湘植园林科技有限公司 A kind of red sandrock side slope replies immediately green method fastly
CN110301277A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-10-08 广东景园设计工程有限公司 A kind of afforestation project construction technology
CN110629767A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-31 中冶京诚工程技术有限公司 Roadbed slope protection structure and manufacturing method and application thereof
CN111328642A (en) * 2020-03-03 2020-06-26 中国铁道科学研究院集团有限公司铁道建筑研究所 Full-ecological slope spray seeding structure and construction method

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CN203334299U (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-12-11 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Coir mesh ecological protection structure of weathered coarse-grained granite side slope
CN103774679A (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-05-07 北京林业大学 Rock side slope net hanging method
CN104115655A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-29 山东潍坊东盛园艺有限公司 Method for compounding No.2 garden wax nursery stocks to form compound nursery stocks and cultivation method

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CN102511272A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-06-27 大千生态景观股份有限公司 Revegetation method for mine slopes
CN103774679A (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-05-07 北京林业大学 Rock side slope net hanging method
CN203334299U (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-12-11 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Coir mesh ecological protection structure of weathered coarse-grained granite side slope
CN104115655A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-29 山东潍坊东盛园艺有限公司 Method for compounding No.2 garden wax nursery stocks to form compound nursery stocks and cultivation method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108967020A (en) * 2018-10-09 2018-12-11 湖南湘植园林科技有限公司 A kind of red sandrock side slope replies immediately green method fastly
CN110301277A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-10-08 广东景园设计工程有限公司 A kind of afforestation project construction technology
CN110629767A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-31 中冶京诚工程技术有限公司 Roadbed slope protection structure and manufacturing method and application thereof
CN111328642A (en) * 2020-03-03 2020-06-26 中国铁道科学研究院集团有限公司铁道建筑研究所 Full-ecological slope spray seeding structure and construction method

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