CN201826318U - Simple ecological slope protecting structure for loose soil of road - Google Patents

Simple ecological slope protecting structure for loose soil of road Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201826318U
CN201826318U CN2010205475521U CN201020547552U CN201826318U CN 201826318 U CN201826318 U CN 201826318U CN 2010205475521 U CN2010205475521 U CN 2010205475521U CN 201020547552 U CN201020547552 U CN 201020547552U CN 201826318 U CN201826318 U CN 201826318U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
soil
baffling
road
water
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010205475521U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王天巍
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王天巍
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Priority to CN2010205475521U priority Critical patent/CN201826318U/en
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Publication of CN201826318U publication Critical patent/CN201826318U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a simple ecological slope protecting structure for the loose soil of a road, which comprises a soil baffling wall (1) and a support pillar (4). The simple ecological slope protecting structure is characterized by further comprising a water insulating underlayment (2) and a water baffling wall (3), wherein the soil baffling wall (1) is provided with a drain hole (8), the water baffling wall is higher than the drain hole, and a gap (9) is formed between the upper-layer water insulating underlayment (2) and the lower-layer water baffling wall (3). The simple ecological slope protecting structure can reasonably guide the water flow due to each part such as the soil baffling wall, the water insulating underlayment, the water baffling wall and the like, thereby reducing the gross quantity of the slope runoff which flows into a deep slope body, and being patricianly applied to the protection of the slope body at a soil loosing region. The simple ecological slope protecting structure is simple in technology, economic in cost, convenient and fast in construction, attractive in appearance after plants are grown, and easy to popularize in road building engineering in wide rural areas.

Description

The road simple and easy ecological slope protection structure of soil-slope that loosens
Technical field
The utility model relates to the slope protection works of the rural area tractor-ploughing road slope that a kind of road protective slope structure, particularly amount of precipitation are big, soil property is loosened the area.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's living standard, also more and more higher to the harmonious requirement of road slope ecological environment, the guard technology of different kinds of roads side slope continues to bring out.In the tractor-ploughing road construction of mountain area,, often take the safeguard procedures based on engineering properties such as the greening of sash soil moved in to improve the original, mortar flag stone, spraying and seeding afforesting in the engineering reality for rock side slope.These bank protection measures, or with high costs, or on anti-mask, form on the spot environment of hard that plant is difficult to survive, afforestation vegetation is difficult to recover, and has both influenced the beautification of landscape of road slope, is difficult to the protection effect that reaches permanent, firm again.And for the soil is porous area, traditional side slope protection method is the grass planting bank protection, plant give birth to band, grass is irritated protection forms such as combination.These are based on the protection form of ecological vegetation bank protection, though reached the effect of greening side slope, this class measure can only be satisfied with shallow-layer Gu Po.The soil is porous the area, as purple soil hills area in the river, the decomposed granite hills area, because these traditional bank protection forms can't effectively be controlled and guide slope runoff, under the heavy rain condition, deep layer slope body is infiltrated in rainfall, increase sloping body deadweight, reduce the soil cohesion, geological disasters such as easy as rolling off a log generation landslide, avalanche, serious threat road traffic safety.
Though it is extensive gradually that new technologies such as present flexible bank protection, eco-concrete are used, its high cost has restricted its popularization in vast rural area.Especially for rural area tractor-ploughing road slope, at village level often government or the spontaneous build of peasant, appropriation budget is limited, construction technology strength weakness, the higher height cost bank protection mode of many scientific and technological contents is difficult to carry out.
Therefore, at the hills area that the soil is porous, rural area tractor-ploughing pavement of road is narrower, cut slope is not high, constructor's technical level features of limited, develop a kind of easy safeguard structure, can prevent loose soil body damage tractor-ploughing road, can have bigger realistic meaning with the green gallery that comparatively economic mode is constructed between the farmland again.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides the loose simple and easy ecological slope protection structure of soil-slope of a kind of road, by changing domatic, control rationally and guiding slope flow path, and carry out ecological vegetation in conjunction with the greening side slope theory and protect, it is as a whole to make that each several part organically combines into, thereby reaches the purpose of slope stabilization, roadside greening, smooth traffic.
The technical solution of the utility model is: the road simple and easy ecological slope protection structure of soil-slope that loosens, comprise retaining wall 1 and support column 4, it is characterized in that: also comprise water proof substrate 2 and waterwall 3, have drain hole 8 on the retaining wall 1, waterwall is higher than drain hole, and 3 of upper strata water proof substrate 2 and lower floor's waterwalls have penetrating interval 9.
The aforesaid road simple and easy ecological slope protection structure of soil-slope that loosens is characterized in that: support column 4 or water proof substrate or shelves waterwall below have feet 5, feet 5 to be positioned at a below with layer water proof substrate 2 planes.
The utility model is on the basis of traditional retaining wall and ecological revetment, build form by changing original retaining wall, build one deck water proof substrate and waterwall in bank face bottom, the upper and lower surface retaining wall is coupled together, prevent that slope runoff is to deep percolation, because waterwall will be higher than drain hole, the domatic rainfall in upper strata by drain hole to the descending transmission, transmit layer by layer by this, most of slope flow imports road ditch along structure, greatly reduce the infiltration capacity of domatic rainfall, thereby reduced landslide, the avalanche of the soil body.
Between retaining wall and waterwall, build the concrete support column at a certain distance, support the top retaining wall on the one hand, on the other hand, up and down between the water proof substrate reserved part original soil slope be beneficial to root system of plant and stretch, so both solve the stable problem of structure, and can not hinder the normal growth of dark root greening shrub kind again.Form feet in the concreting stake of waterwall bottom and penetrate sloping body, fixedly whole member prevents that member is subjected to displacement and is located.
Whole member is built by laying from bottom to top step by step, forms stepped.Earthing is filled cultivation matrix in terrace structure, fills and leads up compacting, serves as the main greening vegetation that carries out in the mode of draft and shrub combination.This ecological side slope protection measure, the area that is particularly useful for that the soil is porous is as purple soil hills area in the river, decomposed granite hills area etc.This technology reduces sloping body moisture and infiltrates the unsettled dominant factor of this sloping body in the vegetative protection of top layer, thereby has reached the requirement of " practical, economic, attractive in appearance ".
Description of drawings
The ecological slope protection structure profile of Fig. 1 the utility model embodiment (support cylinder place section)
The ecological slope protection structure A-A place right view (no earthy attitude) of Fig. 2 the utility model embodiment
Fig. 3 the utility model embodiment plants the plant effect and root system of plant stretches schematic diagram (non-support cylinder place section)
The specific embodiment
The explanation of mark among the figure: retaining wall 1; Water proof substrate 2; Waterwall 3; Support column 4; Feet 5; Culture matrix 6; Original sloping body 7; Drain hole 8; Penetrating interval 9.
See figures.1.and.2, this ecological revetment structure mainly is made of retaining wall 1, water proof substrate 2, waterwall 3, support column 4.
Build and appropriate to the occasionly build from bottom to top.To domaticly be shaped to earlier steppedly, and look the engineering funds and build stone masonry or light-weight brick retaining wall 1 at toe, and reservation drain hole 8.
Imbed support column 4 along each suitable spacing of higher level's ladder ladder Kan Chu.Support column 4 adopts reinforced concrete cast-in-situ or concrete prefabricated.
The brick water proof substrate 2 in ladder bank surface, the cement sand plaster water proof, and vertically build by laying the waterwall 3 of certain altitude along terraced Kan Bi.Fill cultivation matrix 6 in the cultivation bed that forms.
Cultivation matrix 6 adopts road construction reservation table soil or domatic shaping excavation spoirs, and with proper proportion composite fertilizer mixing.The place needs compaction in layers near higher level's ladder ladder wall.After culture matrix 6 is filled to higher level's ladder tread, on compacting matrix, build the retaining wall 1 of higher level's ladder.Retaining wall 1 agrees with support column 4, and reserves drain hole 8, drain hole 8 highly need a little less than waterwall 9, so that domaticly come the smooth and easy discharge of water.Continue filling planting matrix 6 to a little more than higher level's ladder tread.
Culture tank interior plantation shrub and laying turf near retaining wall 1 one sides, are planted the plant of dangling, and away from retaining wall 1 one sides, the plantation liana can be blocked retaining wall 1 preferably, forms the green sloping body of top-down solid.
The utility model is on the basis of traditional retaining wall and ecological revetment, build form by changing original retaining wall, build one deck water proof substrate 2 and waterwall 3 in bank face bottom, the upper and lower surface retaining wall is coupled together, because waterwall 3 will be higher than drain hole 8, the domatic rainfall in upper strata is transmitted to the lower floor slope by drain hole 8, transmit layer by layer by this, most of slope flow imports road ditch along structure, greatly reduces the infiltration capacity of domatic rainfall, thereby has reduced landslide, the avalanche of the soil body.

Claims (2)

1. the loose simple and easy ecological slope protection structure of soil-slope of road, comprise retaining wall (1) and support column (4), it is characterized in that: also comprise water proof substrate (2) and waterwall (3), have drain hole (8) on the retaining wall (1), waterwall is higher than drain hole, and (9) are at interval arranged between upper strata water proof substrate (2) and lower floor's waterwall (3).
2. the road as claimed in claim 1 simple and easy ecological slope protection structure of soil-slope that loosens, it is characterized in that: support column (4) or water proof substrate (2) or shelves waterwalls (5) below have feet (5), feet (5) to be positioned at layer below on water proof substrate (2) plane.
CN2010205475521U 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Simple ecological slope protecting structure for loose soil of road Expired - Fee Related CN201826318U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205475521U CN201826318U (en) 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Simple ecological slope protecting structure for loose soil of road

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205475521U CN201826318U (en) 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Simple ecological slope protecting structure for loose soil of road

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201826318U true CN201826318U (en) 2011-05-11

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CN2010205475521U Expired - Fee Related CN201826318U (en) 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Simple ecological slope protecting structure for loose soil of road

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CN (1) CN201826318U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102577862A (en) * 2012-02-10 2012-07-18 陈李积 Device for planting trees on vertical embankment or abrupt slope
CN105075551A (en) * 2014-05-07 2015-11-25 黄弘 Method for afforesting terrace planting tank type side slope
CN108086980A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-29 河南建筑材料研究设计院有限责任公司 A kind of surface mine exploitation security platform and the reclamation method for cleaning platform
CN108385702A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-08-10 江苏省林业科学研究院 A kind of two edge ecological slope protection structure of highway and its construction method
CN109306646A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-02-05 衡阳市金铭环境科技有限公司 A kind of highway of band gear shield and superposing type gutter

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102577862A (en) * 2012-02-10 2012-07-18 陈李积 Device for planting trees on vertical embankment or abrupt slope
CN105075551A (en) * 2014-05-07 2015-11-25 黄弘 Method for afforesting terrace planting tank type side slope
CN108086980A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-29 河南建筑材料研究设计院有限责任公司 A kind of surface mine exploitation security platform and the reclamation method for cleaning platform
CN108086980B (en) * 2017-12-26 2019-06-25 河南建筑材料研究设计院有限责任公司 A kind of surface mine exploits the reclamation method of security platform and cleaning platform
CN108385702A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-08-10 江苏省林业科学研究院 A kind of two edge ecological slope protection structure of highway and its construction method
CN108385702B (en) * 2018-03-15 2020-04-14 江苏省林业科学研究院 Highway two-edge ecological slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN109306646A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-02-05 衡阳市金铭环境科技有限公司 A kind of highway of band gear shield and superposing type gutter

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110511

Termination date: 20130929