CN102444134A - Slope protecting method based on slope with soil layer as upper part and rock layer as lower part - Google Patents

Slope protecting method based on slope with soil layer as upper part and rock layer as lower part Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102444134A
CN102444134A CN2011103012740A CN201110301274A CN102444134A CN 102444134 A CN102444134 A CN 102444134A CN 2011103012740 A CN2011103012740 A CN 2011103012740A CN 201110301274 A CN201110301274 A CN 201110301274A CN 102444134 A CN102444134 A CN 102444134A
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side slope
layer
ecological bag
slope
soil
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CN102444134B (en
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朱志铎
杨涛
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Southeast University
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Southeast University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a slope protecting method based on a slope with a soil layer as the upper part and a rock layer as the lower part, wherein the upper part of the slope is the soil layer and the lower part of the slope is the rock layer. The slope protecting method includes the following steps that, 101, cleaning the slope: cleaning the miscellaneous articles away from the surface of the slope so as to level the surface of the slope; 102, carrying out basic construction on the slope; 103, piling up ecological bags on the surface of the rock layer of the slope; 104, hanging a net on the soil layer of the slope; and 105 duster-sowing plant seeds on the surfaces of the soil layer and the rock layer of the slope for protection. As the rock layer at the lower part of the slope adopts the ecological bags for protection and the soil layer at the upper part of the slope adopts the net hanging and duster-sowing for protection, and the advantages of the two slope protecting methods are integrated, the purposes of excellent protecting effect, greening, attractive appearance, excellent economical benefits are achieved at the same time.

Description

A kind of is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of civil engineering, specifically, relating to a kind of is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top.
Background technology
Side slope is descended very easily to collapse in the etch of natural weathering and snow, rainwater and is collapsed even wide-spread decline.In 20th century, side slope protection generally uses building stones, concrete, building block etc. with whole domatic complete closed.Can prevent slope and land slide, unstability and soil erosion preferably though do like this, cause visual pollution easily, be unfavorable for ecological afforestation, and natural environment, the ecological vegetation around the side slope damaged, so ecological bank protecting method is used widely.At present, the domatic ecological protection technology of engineering commonly used is mainly backfill (or change and fill out) soil moved in to improve the original technology, the technology of sowing grass seeds by duster and ecological bag technique three major types type.
The backfilling new soil technology is applicable to all kinds of side slopes, and for high and steep hard rock side slope has remarkable advantages, but its equipment has high input, material cost high, construction speed is slow.Hanging net spray slope protecting technique is a kind of method of setting up the lawn fast, have mechanization degree height, mulched ground indicated airspeed degree fast, afforest and beautify characteristics such as effective, with low cost, stable side slope, protection major project effectively.Ecological bag technique is applicable to that doing engineering reinforces the stone matter side slope of (like the grid concrete rib) and more low and slow stone matter side slope, and its cost is lower, and it is convenient to construct, and soil layer is thick, and its growth that is beneficial to shrub seeds is arranged, and the construction rear stability is good; But its shortcoming is on the high slope of not doing pane formula concrete rib, to be not easy anchoring, and high to the quality requirement of ecological bag.
In the city or common bottom, knob be that rock matter, top are weathering soil layer side slope; At present to such side slope; Usually adopt with a kind of support pattern top and the bottom when supporting, and for example top and the bottom are all adopted ecological bag safeguard structure or all adopted up and down and hang the nets safeguard structure of sowing grass seeds by duster.Though ecological bag safeguard structure is better to the rock side slope applicability, because of it is difficult for fixing, so be not suitable for high slope.Hang the net safeguard structure of sowing grass seeds by duster, soil-slope is suitable for effective, and its convenient and quick construction; Afforestation effect is good, but when rock side slope adopt hung net and sow grass seeds by duster safeguard structure, because of the rock side slope poor water retention property; And the required soil layer of plant growing is thin, so protection effect is not good, and afforestation effect is poor.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem:Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: providing a kind of is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top; This bank protecting method adopts ecological bag means of defence to bottom rock matter layer; Top soil property layer adopt is hung the net means of defence of sowing grass seeds by duster; Integrate the advantage of two kinds of side slope protection methods, thereby reach the purpose that protection effect is good, greening is attractive in appearance, good in economic efficiency simultaneously.
Technical scheme:For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is:
A kind of is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top, and the top of described side slope is the soil property layer, and the bottom of side slope is a rock matter layer, and this bank protecting method may further comprise the steps:
101. arrangement side slope: remove the foreign material on side slope surface, make the side slope surfacing;
102. side slope is carried out foundation construction: the step excavation that at first carries out the side slope face by 5 meters-6 meters classifications with excavation machinery; Secondly at the toe place of side slope barricade is set; In ground proterties and wall height variation place settlement joint is set; Clog elastic water-proofing material in the slit of settlement joint, corner is provided with reinforcement at barricade, at barricade set inside gutter; A side that deviates from side slope at barricade then is provided with sough; Utilize excavation machinery between soil property layer and rock matter layer, to excavate a halfpace subsequently, and the ditch is set in the halfpace inboard; On the top, slope of side slope catchwater is set at last;
103. the rock matter laminar surface in side slope assembles ecological bag;
104. the soil property laminar surface in side slope is hung net;
105. in the soil property layer of side slope and rock matter laminar surface sow grass seeds by duster vegetation and maintenance.
Beneficial effect:Compared with prior art, technical scheme of the present invention is that soil property layer, bottom are the side slope of rock matter layer when carrying out bank protection for top, can reach the purpose that protection effect is good, greening is attractive in appearance, good in economic efficiency simultaneously.Ecological bag greening technology is fit to stone matter side slope, and the protection soil layer is thick, and the outer field net structure of ecological bag is convenient to plant root growth; Construction technology is simple, the equipment input is low, is applicable to more low and slow stone matter side slope.Hanging net spray slope protecting technique is a kind of method of setting up the lawn fast, have mechanization degree height, mulched ground indicated airspeed degree fast, afforest and beautify characteristics effective, with low cost.To top soil property layer, bottom is that the side slope of rock matter layer adopts the combined biological protective slope structure, and soil property layer side slope adopts and hang the net bank protection of sowing grass seeds by duster on top, and bottom rock matter layer side slope adopts ecological bag bank protection.This combined biological protective slope structure has been given full play to the advantage of above two kinds of bank protection modes, has avoided defective separately, when making the combined type bank protecting method reach stable side slope, and the side slope overall appearance, afforestation effect is good, and good in economic efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the transversary sketch map of the side slope among the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial perspective view of barricade among the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the front view of three dimensional network among the present invention.
Have among the figure: rock matter layer 1, soil property layer 2, halfpace 3, ditch 4, ecological bag 5, U shaped steel nail 6, barricade 7, planting soil 8, settlement joint 9, elastic water-proofing material 10, gutter 11, sough 12, catchwater 13, three dimensional network 14.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is carried out detailed explanation.
To shown in Figure 3, the vertical height of the side slope among the embodiment is 10m like Fig. 1, and bottom 6m is a rock matter layer 1, and top 4m is a soil property layer 2, and the design grade of side slope is 1:1.2.To this top is that soil property layer 2, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer 1, may further comprise the steps:
101. arrangement side slope: remove the foreign material on side slope surface, make the side slope surfacing.
In step 101, the foreign material of removing the side slope surface comprise the outstanding domatic stone of cleaning, to guarantee the smooth of side slope surface.
102. side slope is carried out foundation construction: the step excavation that at first carries out the side slope face by 5 meters-6 meters classifications with excavation machinery; Secondly at the toe place of side slope barricade 7 is set; In ground proterties and barricade 7 height change places settlement joint 9 is set; Filling elastic water-proofing material 10 in the slit of settlement joint 9,7 corners are provided with reinforcement at barricade, at barricade 7 set inside gutters 11; A side that deviates from side slope at barricade 7 then is provided with sough 12; Utilize excavation machinery between soil property layer 2 and rock matter layer 1, to excavate a halfpace 3 subsequently, and ditch 4 is set in halfpace 3 inboards; On the top, slope of side slope catchwater 13 is set at last.
In step 102; The preferred plain concretes that adopt of barricade 7 are processed, and strength grade of concrete is more than or equal to C15, and the substrate of barricade 7 is adverse grade; The gradient of adverse grade is less than 0.2:1.0; The end face width of barricade 7 is greater than 300mm, and the embeded depth of foundation of barricade 7 is greater than 0.3m, and the shrinkage joint spacing of barricade 7 is between 10 meters to 15 meters; The width of settlement joint 9 is between 20 millimeters to 30 millimeters, and the filling degree of depth of elastic water-proofing material 10 is greater than 150mm.Elastic water-proofing material 10 preferred pitch hemp cuts.By " building slope engineering legislation " (GB 50330-2002) regulation and stipulation, when the side slope longitudinal gradient is long suddenly, need to adopt excavation machinery to carry out domatic step excavation by the 5-6m classification.In the present embodiment, adopt excavation machinery to carry out domatic step excavation by the 6m classification, halfpace 3 tops are soil property layer 2 side slope, and the below is rock matter layer 1 side slope.Behind the classification excavation,, set up drainage system,, reduce runoff domatic washing away with the water that gets off in the interception upper reaches at halfpace 3 inboard boiling water ditches 4.Plain concrete barricade 7 embedded depth of foundation 0.6m, wall top width degree 400mm.Every separated 15m is provided with the wide shrinkage joint of 50mm one.Every separated 3m buries the gutter 11 of a diameter 50mm underground in the barricade 7, and gutter 11 is used to be connected to the sough 12 that is positioned at the toe place.
103. assemble ecological bag 5 on rock matter layer 1 surface of side slope.
Step 103 specifically may further comprise the steps:
1031. ecological bag 5 filling operations: to first ecological bag 5 chargings, whole ecological bag 5 forms three-dimensional shape, then this ecology bag 5 is sealed, and then this ecology bag 5 is weighed, and write down its weight; Ecological bag 5 according to after first charging is a sample, to all the other ecological bag 5 chargings.
In step 1031, the filling operation of ecological bag 5 generally adopts on-the-spot charging construction.The shape of the ecological bag 5 after all chargings is even, is cubic morphology, is out of shape greatly during for pack up and down, in time adjust evenly.The same day, construction finished the ecological bag 5 that installs as far as possible, should not the bag that install be crossed to expose outdoor or drench with rain for a long time.During carrying, liftoff carrying, do not tow or rolling transportation, will put down gently during placement on ground.
1032. sandbag bag filling operation: husky to first sandbag dress, whole sandbag forms three-dimensional shape, then this sandbag is sealed, and then this sandbag is weighed, and writes down its weight; Sandbag according to behind first dress sand is a sample, and is husky to all the other sandbag dresses.
1033. assemble ecological bag 5 and sandbag: at first from bottom to top at rock matter layer 1; Assemble the ecological bag 5 and the sandbag of having feeded, whenever assemble the ecological bag 5 of 4-5 layer after, assemble one deck sand pocket above it; Above sand pocket, continue up to assemble the ecological bag 5 of 4-5 layer then; Re-lay one deck sand pocket, so circulation is until halfpace 3 places; Between the vertically adjacent ecological bag 5; Adopt levels fissure of displacement arrangement between perhaps vertically adjacent ecological bag 5 and the sandbag; Then junction button is fixed between the laterally adjacent ecological bag 5 or between the sandbag; And between the vertically adjacent ecology bag 5 or between ecological bag 5 and the sandbag, last in the space of ecological bag 5 and rock matter layer 1, and fill up compacting with cohesive soil in the space of sandbag and rock matter layer 1.
In step 1033, after having laid the ecological bag 5 of the bottom, the junction button that will connect the ecological bag 5 of the bottom with holdfast or stainless steel nail is fixed on the hard interface.Can improve the fastness of the ecological bag 5 of the bottom like this, thereby strengthen the fastness of whole ecological bag 5 and sandbag, avoid caving in.In addition; For strengthening ecological bag 5 and the whole fastness of sandbag; After ecological bag 5 that is in lower floor or sandbag laying completion, tamp processing earlier, for example every layer of sack placed plank in the above after laying and accomplishing; And walk in the above by the people and to trample, carry out the layings of ecological bag 5 in upper strata or sandbag again.Like this, when laying ecological bag 5 in upper strata or sandbag, the ecological bag 5 or the sandbag of lower floor are handled through compacting at every turn, can guarantee between the ecological bag 5 of levels or the stability of the interlocking structure that forms between ecological bag 5 and the sandbag.In rock matter layer 1 side slope, sandbag is set, can utilize the draining of sandbag to replace gutter.During construction, ecological bag 5 does not surpass 3.0 meters with the maximum vertical height that assembles of sandbag every day, and at the top of plain concrete barricade 7, the long side direction of ecological bag 5 is put perpendicular to metope, and it is firm to guarantee to bear down on one.
104. soil property layer 2 surface in side slope hang net.
Step 104 specifically may further comprise the steps:
1041. lay three dimensional network 14 on soil property layer 2 surface; Three dimensional network 14 laying of taking advantage of a situation from top to bottom along soil property layer 2 surface, three dimensional network 14 level and smooth one sides and soil property layer 2 surface contacts, and the top of three dimensional network 14 is fixed on the side slope top, and the middle part of three dimensional network 14 and bottom are followed closely 6 with U shaped steel and are anchored in the soil property layer 2;
In step 1041, lap-joint can use geotechnique's rope string tight to three dimensional network 14 on the top, slope.In the present embodiment, U shaped steel is followed closely 6 length 30cm, and width 6cm, and the distance between the adjacent U shaped steel nail 6 is 1.5m, U shaped steel nail 6 do the anchoring of plum blossom shape with three dimensional network 14.
1042. backfill planting soil 8: at first before backfill; Planting soil 8 is carried out airing, pulverizes, sieves and remove diameter greater than 25 millimeters particle; Then at soil property layer 2 surperficial backfill planting soil 8; Make the planting soil 8 and the convex surface of three dimensional network 14 maintain an equal level, and domatic smooth-going, at last planting soil 8 is carried out compaction treatment.
In step 1042, the fertile pond sludge of planting soil 8 preferred PH6.0-7.0.The thickness that planting soil after the backfill is 8 layers is not less than 5cm.Behind the backfill planting soil 8, do not have net and wrap, reveal bag, empty bag or pressure bag phenomenon.To planting soil 8 compactings, otherwise when water spray sank real soil layer, planting soil 8 can seriously run off.
Vegetation and maintenance 105. sow grass seeds by duster on soil property layer of side slope 2 and rock matter layer 1 surface.
Step 105 specifically may further comprise the steps:
Heavy real soil layer: whole side slope is watered permeable, with heavy real soil layer;
In described heavy real soil layer step, the humid soil layer depth is to more than the 15cm, the pipeline of the face of land and underground hair suction pipe water interconnected, otherwise can cause underground hair suction pipe water can't rise to the top layer, can dry up because of lack of water in the lawn.
Cleaning: ecological bag 5 outer surface and planting soil 8 removing surfaces on the soil property layer 2 of rock matter layer 1 are clean.
Blowing: put into the seed of vernalization, fibre object, water-loss reducer, adhesive, fertilizer materials in the water tank.
Add water: the material to putting into water tank is dissolved in water, and forms the hydrotrope.
Stir: open engine the hydrotrope in the water tank is stirred, it is fully stirred.
In described whipping step, the time that the hydrotrope in the water tank is stirred was preferably more than 30 minutes, so that the hydrotrope is even.
Sow grass seeds by duster: start spray seeder, the hydrotrope is sprayed onto soil property layer 2 domatic and ecological bag 5 surfaces; Centrifugal pump is pressed into flexible pipe with the hydrotrope when sowing grass seeds by duster, and from the tube head ejection, evenly sows grass seeds by duster, and every jar has sprayed, and should in time add 1/4 jar water, and circulation idle running.
In the described step of sowing grass seeds by duster: laterally sow grass seeds by duster by stick when sowing grass seeds by duster, and sow grass seeds by duster successively from top to bottom, and spout is with domatic vertical when sowing grass seeds by duster, spout and domatic vertical distance are sprayed 4-6m at 0.8-1.0m at every turn; Repeat the overlapping 2m of sowing grass seeds by duster when continuing to sow grass seeds by duster earlier; The place of sowing grass seeds by duster forbids trampling.
Overlay overburden: to the place bedding nonwoven that has sprayed, nonwoven is fixed with bamboo let.
Add a cover in the overburden step described, the height of described bamboo let is preferably 13 ㎝ to 18 ㎝, for example can be 13 ㎝, 15 ㎝ or 18 ㎝.Overlay overburden after top soil property layer 2 side slope are sowed grass seeds by duster, help reducing water evaporates and prevent rain drop erosion.
Water and afforest management: confirm comprehensively that according to weather, soil, plant variety habit vegetation waters; When treating that grass grows to 3 ㎝, open nonwoven.
In this step, need comprehensively confirm according to weather, soil, plant variety habit watering of vegetation.About one centimetre of the water yield is watered on general lawn, and waters and should after planting continue about one month, is to prevent excessively rising and guarantee good pouring effect in summer, and every day, watering time was preferably in before at 10 in the morning or after at 4 in afternoon.When treating that grass grows to 3 ㎝, open nonwoven in order to avoid the growth of overslaugh grass.
The bank protecting method of present technique scheme is a rock matter layer 1 to the bottom, and top is the side slope type of soil property layer 2, and the planting of employing given birth to band and hung the net combined biological bank protecting method of sowing grass seeds by duster.The rock matter layer 1 side slope part in the bottom; Directly form the ecological bag of one deck 5 surface layers in the domatic outside with ecological bag 5 trapezoidal bonds; Side slope is afforested in growth through these ecology bag 5 implants; Ecological bag 5 greening base materials and the domatic ecological recovery of the common composition of rock decay layer system are so that keep the stable of rock slope for a long time.Soil property layer 2 side slope part in top are hung and to be utilized behind the net hydraulic to carry out the large tracts of land grass-seed of sowing grass seeds by duster, and set up the lawn fast.Along with the growth of grass, its bank protection function can constantly strengthen, and is alleviating the effect brought into play on domatic unstability and the erosion hazard with increasing, and stable side slope and beautifying the environment to a certain extent.

Claims (9)

1. one kind is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top, it is characterized in that the top of described side slope is soil property layer (2), and the bottom of side slope is a rock matter layer (1), and this bank protecting method may further comprise the steps:
101. arrangement side slope: remove the foreign material on side slope surface, make the side slope surfacing;
Side slope is carried out foundation construction: the step excavation that at first carries out the side slope face by 5 meters-6 meters classifications with excavation machinery; Secondly at the toe place of side slope barricade (7) is set; In ground proterties and barricade (7) height change place settlement joint (9) is set; Clog elastic water-proofing material (10) in the slit of settlement joint (9), corner is provided with reinforcement at barricade (7), at barricade (7) set inside gutter (11); A side that deviates from side slope at barricade (7) then is provided with sough (12); Utilize excavation machinery between soil property layer (2) and rock matter layer (1), to excavate a halfpace (3) subsequently, and ditch (4) is set in halfpace (3) inboard; On the top, slope of side slope catchwater (13) is set at last;
Assemble ecological bag (5) on rock matter layer (1) surface of side slope;
Soil property layer (2) surface in side slope hangs net;
Sow grass seeds by duster on the soil property layer (2) of side slope and rock matter layer (1) surface vegetation and maintenance.
2. described according to claim 1 is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top, it is characterized in that, in described step 102; Barricade (7) is processed by plain concrete, and strength grade of concrete is more than or equal to C15, and the substrate of barricade (7) is adverse grade; The gradient of adverse grade is less than 0.2:1.0; The end face width of barricade (7) is greater than 300mm, and the embeded depth of foundation of barricade (7) is greater than 0.3m, and the shrinkage joint spacing of barricade (7) is between 10 meters to 15 meters; The width of settlement joint (9) is between 20 millimeters to 30 millimeters, and the filling degree of depth of elastic water-proofing material (10) is greater than 150mm.
3. described according to claim 1 is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top, it is characterized in that described step 103 may further comprise the steps:
Ecological bag (5) filling operation: to first ecological bag (5) charging, whole ecological bag (5) forms three-dimensional shape, then this ecology bag (5) is sealed, and then this ecology bag (5) is weighed, and write down its weight; Ecological bag (5) according to after first charging is a sample, to all the other ecological bag (5) chargings;
1032. sandbag bag filling operation: husky to first sandbag dress, whole sandbag forms three-dimensional shape, then this sandbag is sealed, and then this sandbag is weighed, and writes down its weight; Sandbag according to behind first dress sand is a sample, and is husky to all the other sandbag dresses;
Assemble ecological bag (5) and sandbag: at first from bottom to top at rock matter layer (1); Assemble ecological bag (5) and the sandbag of having feeded, whenever assemble the ecological bag of 4-5 layer (5) after, assemble one deck sand pocket above it; Above sand pocket, continue up to assemble the ecological bag of 4-5 layer (5) then; Re-lay one deck sand pocket, so circulation is located until halfpace (3); Between the vertically adjacent ecological bag (5); Adopt levels fissure of displacement arrangement between perhaps vertically adjacent ecological bag (5) and the sandbag; Then junction button is fixed between the laterally adjacent ecological bag (5) or between the sandbag; And between the vertically adjacent ecological bag (5) or between ecological bag (5) and the sandbag, at last in the space of ecological bag (5) and rock matter layer (1), and fill up compacting with cohesive soil in the space of sandbag and rock matter layer (1).
4. described according to claim 1 is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top, it is characterized in that described step 104 may further comprise the steps:
Lay three dimensional network (14) on soil property layer (2) surface; Three dimensional network (14) laying of taking advantage of a situation from top to bottom along soil property layer (2) surface; The one side that three dimensional network (14) is level and smooth contacts with soil property layer (2) surface; The top of three dimensional network (14) is fixed on the side slope top, and the middle part of three dimensional network (14) and bottom are anchored in the soil property layer (2) with U shaped steel nail (6);
1042. backfill planting soil (8): at first before backfill; Planting soil (8) is carried out airing, pulverizes, sieves and remove diameter greater than 25 millimeters particle; Then at the surperficial backfill planting soil of soil property layer (2) (8); Make the convex surface of planting soil (8) and three dimensional network (14) maintain an equal level, and guarantee domatic smooth-goingly, at last planting soil (8) is carried out compaction treatment.
5. described according to claim 3 is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top; It is characterized in that; In the described step 1033; After having laid the ecological bag (5) of the bottom, the junction button that will connect the ecological bag of the bottom (5) with holdfast or stainless steel nail is fixed on the hard interface.
6. described according to claim 3 is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top; It is characterized in that; In the described step 1033; After being in the ecological bag (5) or sandbag laying completion of lower floor, tamp processing earlier, carry out the laying of ecological bag in upper strata (5) or sandbag again.
7. described according to claim 1 is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top, it is characterized in that described step 105 may further comprise the steps:
Heavy real soil layer: whole side slope is watered permeable, with heavy real soil layer;
Cleaning: the outer surface and planting soil (8) removing surface on the soil property layer (2) of the ecological bag (5) of rock matter layer (1) is clean;
Blowing: put into the seed of vernalization, fibre object, water-loss reducer, adhesive, fertilizer materials in the water tank;
Add water: the material to putting into water tank is dissolved in water, and forms the hydrotrope;
Stir: open engine the hydrotrope in the water tank is stirred, it is fully stirred;
Sow grass seeds by duster: start spray seeder, the hydrotrope is sprayed onto the domatic and ecological bag of soil property layer (2) (5) surface; Centrifugal pump is pressed into flexible pipe with the hydrotrope when sowing grass seeds by duster, and from the tube head ejection, evenly sows grass seeds by duster, and every jar has sprayed, and should in time add 1/4 jar water, and circulation idle running;
Overlay overburden: to the place bedding nonwoven that has sprayed, nonwoven is fixed with bamboo let;
Water and afforest management: confirm comprehensively that according to weather, soil, plant variety habit vegetation waters; When treating that grass grows to 3 ㎝, open nonwoven.
8. described according to claim 7 is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top; It is characterized in that; In the described step of sowing grass seeds by duster: laterally sow grass seeds by duster when sowing grass seeds by duster, and sow grass seeds by duster successively from top to bottom by stick, and when sowing grass seeds by duster spout with domatic vertical; Spout and domatic vertical distance are sprayed 4-6m at 0.8-1.0m at every turn; Repeat the overlapping 2m of sowing grass seeds by duster when continuing to sow grass seeds by duster earlier; The place of sowing grass seeds by duster forbids trampling.
9. described according to claim 2 is that soil property layer, bottom are the bank protecting method of the side slope of rock matter layer based on top, it is characterized in that described elastic water-proofing material is the pitch hemp cut.
CN 201110301274 2011-10-09 2011-10-09 Slope protecting method based on slope with soil layer as upper part and rock layer as lower part Expired - Fee Related CN102444134B (en)

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CN103015440A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-03 常州工学院 Green protection device for expansive soil cut slope and method thereof
CN103122640A (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-05-29 陕西红叶园林绿化设计工程集团有限公司 Slope protective structure and protective method
CN103122622A (en) * 2013-02-27 2013-05-29 中国水电顾问集团华东勘测设计研究院 Pre-fabricated drainage type slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN103270881A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-09-04 中国科学院武汉植物园 Rapid ecological restoration method for rock-soil side slopes
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CN103798047A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-21 黄鹤平 Greening spray planting method
CN104153378A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-11-19 深圳万向泰富环保科技有限公司 Soil slope protecting wall and protecting method thereof
CN106168030A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-30 西北大学 A kind of Loess Landslide countermeasure system based on restoration of the ecosystem
CN107010787A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-08-04 河海大学 It is a kind of to block the native dirty system of sand setting drop suitable for hills area dyke
CN107142923A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-08 湖南科鑫电力设计有限公司 Drainpipe and the method that side slope downslide is handled using the drainpipe
CN107466623A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-12-15 华能伊敏煤电有限责任公司 The greening method of non-rock high gradient slope non-woven bag
CN107964967A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-27 中国地质大学(武汉) A kind of robust structure and construction method for ecological treatment of slope
CN108086244A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-29 刘文胜 River levee wave resistance footing structure and construction method
CN108385701A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-08-10 中建五局土木工程有限公司 Road Protection of Expansive Soil structure and its construction method
CN109356174A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-02-19 西南交通大学 A kind of protecting slope ecology method
CN110036811A (en) * 2019-04-04 2019-07-23 三峡大学 Slope vegetation protection structure and its construction method
CN111364415A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-07-03 中国一冶集团有限公司 Silt soil river course revetment and construction method
CN113875344A (en) * 2021-09-28 2022-01-04 信息产业部电子综合勘察研究院 Ecological restoration method for coal mine mountain geological environment
CN114254514A (en) * 2021-12-23 2022-03-29 中国水利水电科学研究院 Stability analysis method for soil and rock slope spalling-dumping type collapse failure mode

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CN103798047A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-21 黄鹤平 Greening spray planting method
CN104153378B (en) * 2014-08-06 2016-06-29 深圳万向泰富环保科技有限公司 Soil-slope protecting wall and means of defence thereof
CN104153378A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-11-19 深圳万向泰富环保科技有限公司 Soil slope protecting wall and protecting method thereof
CN106168030A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-30 西北大学 A kind of Loess Landslide countermeasure system based on restoration of the ecosystem
CN107010787A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-08-04 河海大学 It is a kind of to block the native dirty system of sand setting drop suitable for hills area dyke
CN107142923A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-08 湖南科鑫电力设计有限公司 Drainpipe and the method that side slope downslide is handled using the drainpipe
CN107466623A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-12-15 华能伊敏煤电有限责任公司 The greening method of non-rock high gradient slope non-woven bag
CN108086244A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-29 刘文胜 River levee wave resistance footing structure and construction method
CN107964967A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-27 中国地质大学(武汉) A kind of robust structure and construction method for ecological treatment of slope
CN108385701A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-08-10 中建五局土木工程有限公司 Road Protection of Expansive Soil structure and its construction method
CN109356174A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-02-19 西南交通大学 A kind of protecting slope ecology method
CN110036811A (en) * 2019-04-04 2019-07-23 三峡大学 Slope vegetation protection structure and its construction method
CN111364415A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-07-03 中国一冶集团有限公司 Silt soil river course revetment and construction method
CN113875344A (en) * 2021-09-28 2022-01-04 信息产业部电子综合勘察研究院 Ecological restoration method for coal mine mountain geological environment
CN114254514A (en) * 2021-12-23 2022-03-29 中国水利水电科学研究院 Stability analysis method for soil and rock slope spalling-dumping type collapse failure mode

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