CN205336799U - No -tillage grain drill - Google Patents

No -tillage grain drill Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205336799U
CN205336799U CN201521093225.2U CN201521093225U CN205336799U CN 205336799 U CN205336799 U CN 205336799U CN 201521093225 U CN201521093225 U CN 201521093225U CN 205336799 U CN205336799 U CN 205336799U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
plate
lid
fertilizer
plough
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Application number
CN201521093225.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汤永禄
李朝苏
吴晓丽
魏会廷
舒泽刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DEYANG WHEAT EXPERT COURTYARD
ZHONGJIANG ZEFENG SMALL-SIZED AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD
Institute of Plant Protection Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
CROP Research Institute of Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
DEYANG WHEAT EXPERT COURTYARD
ZHONGJIANG ZEFENG SMALL-SIZED AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD
Institute of Plant Protection Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
CROP Research Institute of Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Application filed by DEYANG WHEAT EXPERT COURTYARD, ZHONGJIANG ZEFENG SMALL-SIZED AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD, Institute of Plant Protection Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, CROP Research Institute of Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical DEYANG WHEAT EXPERT COURTYARD
Priority to CN201521093225.2U priority Critical patent/CN205336799U/en
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Publication of CN205336799U publication Critical patent/CN205336799U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2

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  • Sowing (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model provides a no -tillage grain drill, includes the frame, and the front side of frame is provided with a plurality of furrow openers side by side, and the top of frame is equipped with can fertilizer and grainbox, and the bottom of can fertilizer is provided with many and the fertilizer discharging pipe corresponding with the furrow opener respectively, and the bottom of grainbox is provided with many and the seed metering pipe corresponding with the furrow opener respectively, and furrow opener, fertilizer discharging pipe, seed metering pipe form row to the correspondence on the fore -and -aft direction of frame, the furrow opener is the froe structure. The better solution of the furrow opener of this drill design no -tillage seeding met on the straw mulched ground twines the stifled grass phenomenon of grass, simultaneously, the setting can be dismantled to the furrow opener, convenient maintenance and change, moreover, it is when the furrow opener is marchd, fast, the resistance is little, the earthing is fast, the scope of breaking ground is little, does benefit to the soil moisture conservation.

Description

A kind of no-tillage grain dill
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of agricultural mechanical field, and specifically one can make seed manure layering, discharge every soil, is beneficial to the no-tillage grain dill of soil moisture conservation.
Background technology
Drill for sowing in lines has sows the advantages such as accurate, convenient and practical, time saving and energy saving, existing drill for sowing in lines is mostly rotary tilling-type, by organize more rotary blade rotational agitation in soil complete to dig, earthing, due to rotary blade design unreasonable, it eats soil, and area is big, running resistance big, it is excessive that the stirring of soil is affected, be unfavorable for soil moisture conservation, if adding improving straw mulching at soil table, easily causing straw and being wound around.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present utility model is in that: for above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of sowing is uniform, seed manure can be made to be layered, discharge every soil, and the no tillage sowing drill of soil moisture conservation of breaking ground less, be beneficial to, its earthing is good, work efficiency is high.
This utility model be the technical scheme is that a kind of no-tillage grain dill, including frame, the front side of frame has been arranged side by side multiple plough, the top of frame is provided with receptacle and seed-box, the bottom of receptacle is provided with many and defertilizing tube corresponding with plough respectively, the bottom of seed-box is provided with many and discharging tube corresponding with plough respectively, and plough, defertilizing tube, discharging tube are upwardly formed row to correspondence in the front and back of frame, and described plough is froe structure.
Further: the cross section of described plough is V-shaped or triangular structure.
Further: the bottom of described defertilizing tube is lower than the bottom of discharging tube.
Further: the end of described defertilizing tube is provided with earthing lid fertilizer plate, this earthing lid fertilizer plate is inverted V-shaped structure, and the top of earthing lid fertilizer plate is hinged with defertilizing tube or frame, and the bottom of the fertile plate of lid is flat limit;The bottom of the fertile plate of lid is provided with resetting-mechanism, and described resetting-mechanism is made up of the guide post being connected with frame and earthing lid fertilizer plate respectively and suit back-moving spring on the guide bar.
Further: described earthing lid fertilizer plate is in tilted layout.
Further: the end of described discharging tube is provided with earthing lid kind plate, this earthing lid kind plate is inverted V-shaped structure, and the top of earthing lid kind plate is hinged with discharging tube or frame, and the bottom of lid kind of plate is flat limit;The bottom of lid kind plate is provided with resetting-mechanism, and described resetting-mechanism is made up of the guide post being connected with frame and earthing lid kind plate respectively and suit back-moving spring on the guide bar.
Further: described earthing lid kind plate is in tilted layout.
Further: being provided with pair of driving wheels by linking arm on rear side of described frame, driving wheel is connected by this by axostylus axostyle, described axostylus axostyle is connected with the feed mechanism for seed bottom seed-box or the fertilizer apparatus bottom receptacle by driving-chain.
Further: to be provided with resetting-mechanism between described linking arm and frame, described resetting-mechanism is made up of the guide post being connected with frame and driving wheel respectively and suit back-moving spring on the guide bar.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: 1, the opening share design of this drill for sowing in lines preferably resolves the improving straw mulching straw winding and straw-blocking phenomenon that no-tillage seeding runs on the ground;Meanwhile, plough is detachably arranged, convenient for maintaining and replacing;Furthermore, when plough is advanced, speed is fast, resistance is little, earthing is fast, scope of breaking ground is little, is beneficial to soil moisture conservation.
2, plant, nutriment in a fertilizer is executed, and is positioned at the different depth of soil, and with soil interval, operation is more accurate, reaches predetermined seeding operation effect, it is to avoid burn kind of a burn seedlings.
3, the more similar facility of the machine not only service efficiency is high, load is light, energy consumption is low, highly reliable, and facility are lightweight, operate light.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, this utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is rearview of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is B place schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is A place schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 2.
Code name implication in figure: 1 frame;2 seed-boxes;3 receptacles;4 feed mechanism for seeds;5 fertilizer apparatus;6 defertilizing tubes;7 discharging tubes;8 driving wheel axostylus axostyles;9 driving wheels;10 front-axle beams;11 back rest;12 on-hook portions;13 longerons;14 earthing lid kind plates;15 earthing lid fertilizer plates;16 ploughs;17 earthing lid fertilizer plates/earthing Gai Zhong sheet reset mechanism;18 gripper shoes;19 install crossbeam;20 locating parts;21 driving wheel resetting-mechanisms.
Detailed description of the invention
Shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4: a kind of no-tillage grain dill, including frame 1, the front side of frame 1 has been arranged side by side multiple plough 16, the forward and backward position, top of frame 1 is provided with receptacle 3 and seed-box 2, the bottom of receptacle 3 is provided with many and defertilizing tube 6 corresponding with plough respectively, the bottom of seed-box 2 is provided with many and discharging tube 7 corresponding with plough 16 respectively, plough 16, defertilizing tube 6, discharging tube 7 are upwardly formed row to correspondence in the front and back of frame 1, and described plough 16 is froe structure.
Being additionally provided with the on-hook portion 12 being connected with power-equipment on front side of described frame 1, on-hook portion 12 is connected with front-axle beam 10, has web beam between front-axle beam 10 and the back rest 11.It is provided with pair of driving wheels 9 by linking arm on rear side of frame 1, this is connected by axostylus axostyle 8 between driving wheel 9, axostylus axostyle 8 is connected with the fertilizer apparatus 5 arranged bottom the feed mechanism for seed 4 arranged bottom seed-box 2 or receptacle 3 by driving-chain, fertilizer apparatus 5 and feed mechanism for seed 4 are connected with driving wheel 9 by driving-chain and gear, driving wheel 9 is had to drive, it is achieved seeding/fertilizer.Being additionally provided with resetting-mechanism 21 between described linking arm and frame 1, described resetting-mechanism 21 is made up of the guide post being connected with frame 1 and driving wheel 9 respectively and suit back-moving spring on the guide bar, and this resetting-mechanism plays damping, reset response.
Described plough 16 be multiple, be distributed on the front-axle beam 10 of frame 1, the position of plough 16, spacing according to agronomy require freely regulate.Plough 16 smooth surface, its cross section is V-shaped or triangular structure, and namely plough 16 can be hollow or solid, plough 16 in frame before thin rear cross direction arrange, its edge of a knife is forward, the knife back is in rear layout;Concrete, the width span of plough 16 knife back is 1.5 3cm, and on front side of it, the angular configurations of the edge of a knife ranges for 15 30 °, so arrange and can reduce advance resistance and the amount of breaking ground, eat smoothly into soil, output satisfactory Tu Gou, improve the permeability of soil surface straw.When plough 16 is set to the hollow-core construction that cross section is V-arrangement, its internal cavities and defertilizing tube 6 end UNICOM, make fertilizer sequentially pass through defertilizing tube 6 and this cavity falls in the native ditch held successfully;When plough 16 is set to the solid construction that cross section is triangle, defertilizing tube 6 end should be correspondingly arranged at the rear side of plough 16.Described plough 16 is one-body molded with frame front beam 10, and manufacturing process is simpler;It addition, plough 16 also with front-axle beam 10 split molding, can connect and compose, the upper end of plough 16 is fixedly mounted on front-axle beam 10 with screw, so, conveniently replaced when plough 16 damages, saving cost, both the above connected mode, according to practical situation optimum selecting.
The bottom of described defertilizing tube 6, lower than the bottom of discharging tube 7, makes fertilizer buried.Being provided with, on rear side of the end of corresponding defertilizing tube 6, the earthing lid fertilizer plate 15 being in tilted layout, this earthing lid fertilizer plate 15 is in inverted V-shaped structure, and the top of earthing lid fertilizer plate 15 is hinged with defertilizing tube 6 or frame 1, and the bottom of the fertile plate 15 of lid is flat limit;The bottom of the fertile plate 15 of lid is provided with resetting-mechanism 17, described resetting-mechanism 17 is made up of the guide post being connected with frame 1 and earthing lid fertilizer plate 15 respectively and suit back-moving spring on the guide bar, this guide post is arranged through the longeron 13 of frame 1, is provided with locating part 20 at the top of guide post.
Being provided with, on rear side of the end of corresponding discharging tube 7, the earthing lid kind plate 14 being in tilted layout, this earthing lid kind plate 14 is in inverted V-shaped structure, and the top of earthing lid kind plate 14 is hinged with discharging tube 7 or frame 1, and the bottom of lid kind of plate 14 is flat limit;The bottom of lid kind plate 14 is provided with resetting-mechanism 17, described resetting-mechanism 17 is made up of the guide post being connected with frame 1 and earthing lid kind plate 14 respectively and suit back-moving spring on the guide bar, this guide post is arranged through the installing hole in frame 1 gripper shoe 18, is provided with locating part 20 at the top of guide post.
On earth's surface not at ordinary times, due to the effect of spring, lid kind plate 14 and the fertile plate 15 of lid is made to reset, it is ensured that the concordance of blinding.Described discharging tube 7 is positioned at the rear side of defertilizing tube 6, and after fertilising, the soil that ditch both sides of fetching earth scraped by the fertile plate 15 of lid covers, then seed then drops on lid loam, and the soil that ditch both sides of fetching earth scraped by lid kind of the plate 14 of the rear side of discharging tube 7 carries out lid kind, make kind, nutriment in a fertilizer layer, it is to avoid fertilizer burns kind of a burn seedlings.During actual farming, for ensureing blinding quality, can making the bottom width knife back width more than plough 16 of lid kind plate 14 and the fertile plate 15 of lid, meanwhile, the bottom width of lid kind plate 14 can more than the bottom width of the fertile plate 15 of lid.
Seed-box 2 and receptacle 3 compared with structure be substantially the same, all take shape in indent mode the top of frame 1, seed-box 2 is disposed relative to the rear of receptacle 3, discharge for the ease of fertilizer is provided with multiple discharge gate side by side in the bottom of seed-box 2, being correspondingly provided with fertilizer apparatus 5 and defertilizing tube 6 in the frame 1 at this discharge gate place, the main hopper by axostylus axostyle, the how secondary fertilizer wheels being assemblied on axostylus axostyle and corresponding every secondary fertilizer wheels of fertilizer apparatus 5 forms;Axostylus axostyle is assemblied in the frame 1 at seed-box 2 bottom discharging mouth place by bearing correspondence, indirectly driven by the driving wheel 9 being arranged on rear side of frame 1, every secondary fertilizer wheels on axostylus axostyle are by the small-bore roller being sleeved on axostylus axostyle, heavy caliber roller, spacing garter spring and driving garter spring composition, the control of fertilizer uninterrupted can be realized by two big small-bore adjustments of roller, the lateral surface of two rollers is respectively equipped with driving draw-in groove, stand-by roller passes through spacing garter spring at side banding, carry out spacing, select big as required when fertilising, small-bore roller, drive garter spring banding at the side using position roller, and be driven by the driving draw-in groove of the dop insertion use position roller of self;Hopper correspondence is suspended on below every secondary fertilizer wheels for being connected defertilizing tube 6, and the end of defertilizing tube 6 extends to bottom frame 1, at defertilizing tube 6 end rear for the fertile plate 15 of lid.
Discharge for the ease of seed is provided with multiple discharge gate side by side in the bottom of seed-box 2, the frame at this discharge gate place is correspondingly provided with feed mechanism for seed 4 and discharging tube 7, feed mechanism for seed 4 is consistent with the structure of fertilizer apparatus 5, principle, there is the function regulating flow, all directly driven by the driving wheel 9 being arranged on rear side of frame 1, the end of discharging tube 7 extends to bottom frame 1, at discharging tube 7 end rear for lid kind plate 14.

Claims (9)

1. a no-tillage grain dill, including frame, the front side of frame has been arranged side by side multiple plough, the top of frame is provided with receptacle and seed-box, the bottom of receptacle is provided with many and defertilizing tube corresponding with plough respectively, the bottom of seed-box is provided with many and discharging tube corresponding with plough respectively, and plough, defertilizing tube, discharging tube are upwardly formed in the front and back of frame and arrange to correspondence, it is characterised in that: described plough is froe structure.
2. no-tillage grain dill according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cross section of described plough is V-shaped or triangular structure.
3. no-tillage grain dill according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the bottom of described defertilizing tube is lower than the bottom of discharging tube.
4. no-tillage grain dill according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that: the end of described defertilizing tube is provided with earthing lid fertilizer plate, and this earthing lid fertilizer plate is inverted V-shaped structure, and the top of earthing lid fertilizer plate is hinged with defertilizing tube or frame, and the bottom of the fertile plate of lid is flat limit;The bottom of the fertile plate of lid is provided with resetting-mechanism, and described resetting-mechanism is made up of the guide post being connected with frame and earthing lid fertilizer plate respectively and suit back-moving spring on the guide bar.
5. no-tillage grain dill according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described earthing lid fertilizer plate is in tilted layout.
6. no-tillage grain dill according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that: the end of described discharging tube is provided with earthing lid kind plate, and this earthing lid kind plate is inverted V-shaped structure, and the top of earthing lid kind plate is hinged with discharging tube or frame, and the bottom of lid kind of plate is flat limit;The bottom of lid kind plate is provided with resetting-mechanism, and described resetting-mechanism is made up of the guide post being connected with frame and earthing lid kind plate respectively and suit back-moving spring on the guide bar.
7. no-tillage grain dill according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described earthing lid kind plate is in tilted layout.
8. no-tillage grain dill according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on rear side of described frame, be provided with pair of driving wheels by linking arm, driving wheel is connected by this by axostylus axostyle, and described axostylus axostyle is connected with the feed mechanism for seed bottom seed-box or the fertilizer apparatus bottom receptacle by driving-chain.
9. no-tillage grain dill according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: being provided with resetting-mechanism between described linking arm and frame, described resetting-mechanism is made up of the guide post being connected with frame and driving wheel respectively and suit back-moving spring on the guide bar.
CN201521093225.2U 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 No -tillage grain drill Active CN205336799U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521093225.2U CN205336799U (en) 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 No -tillage grain drill

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205336799U true CN205336799U (en) 2016-06-29

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105493705A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-20 四川省农业科学院作物研究所 No-tillage grain drill
CN108605478A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-10-02 芜湖盛科环保技术有限公司 A kind of agricultural ditch formula seeder

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105493705A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-20 四川省农业科学院作物研究所 No-tillage grain drill
CN108605478A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-10-02 芜湖盛科环保技术有限公司 A kind of agricultural ditch formula seeder

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