Stalk powder throwing soil hack of planing the ground returns lid crumb and pushes up that seed manure is outstanding broadcasts machine by holding up move back
Stalk powder is planed the ground and is thrown soil hack and return lid crumb and push up seed manure and hang the manufacturing of the machine of broadcasting and relate to machinery manufacturing technology field by holding up move back, and is specifically related to stubble-cleaning mechanical technique, throwing soil mechanical technique is planed the ground in farming, seed manure sows field of mechanical technique.
China is that stalk produces and burns big country, and environmental pollution is extremely serious, destroys soil simultaneously, reduces the quality of agricultural product.The Utilizing question of stalk is one i.e. novelty tradition topic again, owing to the publicity of so-called stalk comprehensive utilization science and technology that is not only infeasible by some but also that cannot realize misleads, the technical measures causing some real scientific and effective stalk scientific utilizations cannot get implement utilize, can not use all the time one have very targetedly technology to effect a radical cure this chronic disease.We carry out the investigation of aspects through putting into very big technical force, all cannot realize that existing stalk comprehensively utilizes with regard to the current so-called stalk comprehensive utilization of any one.The fact that as the techno-myths one by one of stalk comprehensive utilization is by mercilessness failure expose one by one, leaders layer is caused to seem very awkward, thus background we research conclusion be current the best way be exactly that stalk goes back to field, also only have these fertile fields can accept existing stalk, there is no alternative.The cost that stalk goes back to field is minimum, and environmental protection effect is best, and social benefit is the highest, and the acceptance of society is also high, and the hope of peasant is also urgent, there is not any negative effect.Therefore stalk returns field technology and is particularly important.Conventional crushing technology is taked, and one is that flail knife taps crushing straw, naturally form it and " yields to soft tactics but can withstand high-handed pressure ", also can only play that pulverize can not the effect of powder；Two be the bowing of sowing leg pipe forward, form hook, go deep into soil and broadcast and execute seed manure, it is easy to scrape and draw various weeds extremely stalk.For this, we study targetedly, backing to the field to use of stalk, and crushed stalk is far away inadequate, it is necessary to stalk powder.Hammer leaf to be changed hits to hit for blade and adds cutting, makes stalk form powder；In the case of not affecting seeding quality, change sowing the bending towards of leg pipe, change antecurvature for palintrope, become and scrape rambling grass for making a concession stalk and weeds thereof by comforting.Change sowing leg pipe to bury and broadcast that to execute seed manure be that unsettled broadcasting executes seed manure.The formation of this thinking, being to be formed to after the disclosing of above-mentioned natural phenomena, we have put into substantial amounts of manpower and materials and have carried out long-term research, finally invent a kind of entitled stalk powder throwing soil hack of planing the ground and return lid crumb and push up that seed manure is outstanding broadcasts machine by holding up move back.
Content of the invention
Purpose be to provide a kind of by frame system, stalk powder system, plane the ground throw soil series system, seed manure sows system, the compacting stalk powder that constitutes of soil moisture conservation system is planed the ground throwing soil hack returns lid crumb pushes up that seed manure is outstanding broadcasts machine by holding up move back, it is characterized in that, reasonable in design, compact conformation, the manufacturing are easy, easy to use, powder of straw becomes that end, degree of grinding of planing the ground are high, it is moderate to throw that soil strength is big, seed manure broadcasts the degree of depth executed, seeding and fertilizing is uniformly, compacting soil moisture conservation effect is good, hour can sow 5 ~ ~ 10 mu.Stalk powder throwing soil hack of planing the ground returns lid crumb and pushes up the outstanding machine of broadcasting of seed manure with frame 33 as carrier by holding up move back, and leads suspension rod 32 lower end and is welded in the middle of crossbeam 34, and crossbeam 34 is welded on inside frame 33 front middle part, and traction ear 31 is welded on both sides in the middle part of frame 33 front；Gear bag 36 is contained in frame 33 left part front upper side, and universal joint insert port 35 is located at gear bag 36 anteriomedial, and driving wheel 37 is contained in gear bag 36 left-external side；Stalk powder frame 26 is contained in front lower portion on the right of frame 33, bearing 47 is contained in the middle of bottom stalk powder frame 26, spindle nose 25 inserts in bearing 47, powder axle 27 two ends connect spindle nose 25, dress cutter mouth 28 is welded on powder axle 27, in powder cutter stalk 29 is contained in cutter mouth 28 and being fixed by screw 46, powder cutter 30 is welded on powder cutter stalk 29 top, and I drive 24 is contained on spindle nose 25；It is following that throwing soil frame 23 of planing the ground is contained in frame 33 front middle part, spindle nose 22 is contained in the bearing throwing soil frame 23 lower end of planing the ground, II follower 21 is contained on spindle nose 22, native axle 16 two ends of throwing of planing the ground connect spindle nose 22, throwing clay pick of planing the ground is installed mouth 20 and is welded on the native axle 16 of throwing of planing the ground, pick post 19 loads throwing clay pick of planing the ground and installs in mouth 20, and is fixed by screw 45, and arc pick 18 is welded between pick post the 19th, horizontal pick 17；Horizontal pick 17 becomes 120 degree with arc pick 18；The arc of arc pick 18 protrudes above blade, and becomes vertical configuration with the sword of horizontal pick 17；Broadcasting fertile gear 38 to be contained in and broadcast fertile axle 2 right-hand member, broadcasting fertile axle 2 and be initially charged with and broadcast in fertilizer box 5, groove fertilizer applicator 3 is contained in be broadcast on fertile axle 2；Seeding wheel 1 is contained in the left top of sowing shaft 4, and sowing shaft 4 is initially charged with in Seeding box 6, and seeder 14 is contained in sowing shaft 4；Peanut seeding oval-shaped groove the 39th, soya bean sowing circular trough the 40th, rape seed circular trough the 41st, wheat rice sowing elongate slot 42 is sequentially arranged on seeder 14, is added one by fixed screw 44 and is fixed in sowing shaft 4, and seed manure follower 15 is contained in outside seeding wheel 1；Seeder 14 is that can taking off at any time of two halves is changed, and various sowing bottom portion of groove are provided with screw eye 49, it is also possible to takes off most suitable sowing groove and changes；Introduce a fine variety pipe 7 be connected on the seed outlet of Seeding box (6) bottom and arc sowing pipe (8) suitable for reading between, also can pipe 8 be suitable for reading is directly installed on the seed outlet of Seeding box 6 bottom by arc sowing, arc sowing pipe 8 bottom sets Duckbill type sowing opening 9, and Duckbill type sowing opening 9 is arranged above with seed and divides equally groove 48；Compression roll 10 is contained in adjustable roll stand 11 lower end of height, and the spindle nose 12 of roll shaft loads in the bearing of adjustable roll stand 11 lower end of height, and seed manure is sowed driving wheel 13 and is contained on the spindle nose on the right side of compression roll 10；45 degree of bending hack baffle plates 50 are arranged on rear side of frame 33 through fixing silk eye, and hack tulwar 51 is contained in inside 45 degree of bending hack baffle plates 50.The enforcement of above-mentioned technology, show reasonable in design, compact conformation, the manufacturing easy, easy to use, powder of straw becomes that end, degree of grinding of planing the ground are high, it is moderate to throw that soil strength is big, seed manure broadcasts the degree of depth executed, and seeding and fertilizing is uniformly, compacting soil moisture conservation effect is good, hour can sow 5 ~ ~ preferable technique effect of 10 mu and technical benefits.
Brief description:Accompanying drawing 1 is that stalk powder throwing soil hack of planing the ground returns lid crumb and pushes up that seed manure is outstanding broadcasts machine structural representation by holding up move back.Accompanying drawing 2 is seeder structural representation.Accompanying drawing 3 is arc pick structural representation.Accompanying drawing 4 is powder cutter structural representation.Accompanying drawing 5 is stalk powder shelf structure schematic diagram.Accompanying drawing 6 is arc sowing tubular construction schematic diagram.Accompanying drawing 7 is 45 degree of bending hack baffle arrangement schematic diagrames.
Detailed description of the invention:Suspension rod will be led the 32nd, draw ear 31 and be equipped with hitching machinery.Universal joint is connected on the power delivery outlet of the dynamic power machine of output, between universal joint insert port 35, driven stalk powder throwing soil hack of planing the ground to return lid crumb and push up that seed manure is outstanding broadcasts machine work by holding up move back by traction power mechanical output power.Driven I drive the 24th, powder axle the 27th, powder cutter stalk the 29th, the powder cutter 30 of its underpart to rotate by driving wheel 37 and carry out stalk powder；Simultaneously drive II follower the 21st, plane the ground throwing soil axle the 16th, plane the ground throwing clay pick install mouth the 20th, pick post the 19th, arc pick the 18th, horizontal pick 17 rotate plane the ground throwing soil, from arc sowing 8 grades of skies of pipe drive towards on the blade inside 45 degree of bending hack baffle plates 50, crushed after reverse back to again ground cover prior to lower ground seed manure.The arc of arc pick 18 protrudes above blade, and becomes vertical configuration to cut powder stalk when throwing soil is planed the ground in rotation with profit with the sword of horizontal pick 17.Seed manure is sowed driving wheel 13 and is driven seed manure follower the 15th, to broadcast fertile gear 38 to rotate, thus drive sowing shaft the 4th, broadcast fertile axle the 2nd, groove fertilizer applicator the 3rd, seeder 14 turning handle seed fertilizer broadcast, enter introduce a fine variety pipe the 7th, arc sowing pipe 8 after fall in soil through Duckbill type sowing opening 9.Can be seen that from above example, after stalk powder, plane the ground throw the soil series system by soil dig after throw arc sowing pipe the 8th, Duckbill type sowing opening 9 top fall therewith above seed manure, because arc sows pipe the 8th, Duckbill type sowing opening 9 close proximity to ground, so seed manure falls prior to soil, outstanding broadcast throwing so defining and bury phenomenon.When horizontal pick 17 becomes 120 degree with arc pick 18, the degree of depth planed the ground is the deepest, and soil is dished out radius maximum.Peanut seeding oval-shaped groove the 39th, soya bean sowing circular trough the 40th, rape seed circular trough the 41st, wheat rice sowing elongate slot 42 is sequentially arranged on seeder 14, is added one by fixed screw 44 and is fixed in sowing shaft 4.Due to the graininess design according to seed, each seed can be sowed, and sets an insert row on the groove of each model, when needing any planting tank, just the insert row on any planting tank is taken out.Seeder 14 is two halves, can take off at any time and change, and various sowing bottom portion of groove are provided with screw eye 49, it is also possible to takes off most suitable sowing groove and changes.When being driven I drive the 24th, powder axle the 27th, the powder cutter stalk of its underpart by driving wheel 37 the 29th, powder cutter 30 high-speed rotation carry out stalk powder, owing to powder cutter stalk 29 is fixing, powder cutter 30 is only cut and is hit stalk and do not cut and hit soil, is also and one of conventional fundamental difference of crushed stalk technology.The tortuous bow of arc sowing pipe 8 is forward, during previous operation, whether length stalk is all difficult to tangle, and with its camber forward rear, soil that will be tossed by the crumb of powder is pressed in above seed fertilizer together, the tortuous bow of arc sowing pipe 8 has been pushed up by the stalk of powder by holding up move back while advance forward, is also and one of conventional fundamental difference of farming technique.Broadcast fertilising to expect and broadcast to execute seed in like manner.Just two hack levers of adjustable roll stand 11 are designed with activity eye, can adjust height exactly with running transform angle at any time while translation-angle.Due to the crops not only yield so planted out is high and also quality better, protect natural environment simultaneously, improve soil incubation soil fertility, it is achieved that safety in production, green produce.