CN202479185U - Automatically cleaning device for solar panel - Google Patents

Automatically cleaning device for solar panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202479185U
CN202479185U CN2012200248535U CN201220024853U CN202479185U CN 202479185 U CN202479185 U CN 202479185U CN 2012200248535 U CN2012200248535 U CN 2012200248535U CN 201220024853 U CN201220024853 U CN 201220024853U CN 202479185 U CN202479185 U CN 202479185U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panel
cleaning
panel
motor
brush holder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012200248535U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜立彬
曲君乐
吕斌
吴承璇
刘杰
贺海靖
祁国梁
王秀芬
董磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Oceanographic Instrumentation Research Institute Shandong Academy of Sciences
Original Assignee
Oceanographic Instrumentation Research Institute Shandong Academy of Sciences
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Priority to CN2012200248535U priority Critical patent/CN202479185U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202479185U publication Critical patent/CN202479185U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatically cleaning device for a solar panel. The automatically cleaning device comprises a substrate box, a brush cleaner, a link mechanism, a motor, a control plate and a humidity sensor, wherein the brush cleaner is installed on the link mechanism; the link mechanism is driven by the motor; the humidity sensor detects ambient humidity and generates corresponding humidity detection signals to be output to a control panel; the control panel outputs control signals to start the motor to run when detecting the ambient humidity higher than a set value so as to drive the link mechanism to drive the brush cleaner to swing back and forth on a lighting panel of the solar panel for cleaning. The automatically cleaning device for the solar panel provided by the utility model can clean the solar panel in a full-automatic and intelligent way according to different environments of local areas and can automatically and accurately judge the best opportunity of cleaning, thus realizing the best cleaning effect, especially in special weathers such as rain with snow.

Description

The solar panel automatic cleaning device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to solar panel intelligent maintenance technical field, specifically, relates to a kind of a kind of self-timing clearing apparatus to the solar panel design.
Background technology
The green energy resource that solar panel is popularized as the whole world has obtained increasingly extensive application; Particularly on the street lamp post of both sides, urban traffic road; Increasing solar panel is mounted use; Absorb the energy of the sun daytime and convert the electric energy energy storage to, discharging electric energy night is street lamp power supply, road lamp power supply, to realize street lighting.Thus, not only effectively practiced thrift the electrical network electric energy, and environmental protection, positive effect had to improving urban air-quality.
Present solar panel is operated under the open-air atmosphere mostly, and will gather a large amount of dusts within a short period of time, thereby causes the generating efficiency of cell panel to reduce.Existing solar panel cleaning method is nothing more than two kinds: a kind of is the hand sweeping mode, needs the street cleaner to climb up high-altitude operations tool such as high car in person and cleans, and not only danger coefficient is big, and maintenance cost is high.Second kind is to adopt the special-purpose clearing apparatus of solar panel to clean automatically; Though this cleaning mode can be liberated certain labour, improve sweeping efficiency, present solar panel automatic cleaning device on the market; Its function is very simple; Can not carry out the intelligent decision of special weathers such as sleet, and then solar panel is realized cleaning in time, therefore the generating efficiency to cell panel also can produce influence to a certain degree.And the power consumption of this solar panel automatic cleaning device is bigger, is not a kind of desirable cleaning device.
Based on this, how to design a kind of solar panel automatic cleaning device of perfect in shape and function, realize intelligence cleaning to solar panel, be the subject matter that present solar panel area of maintenance presses for solution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of solar panel automatic cleaning device, can judge the best opportunity of cleaning automatically, makes the dust dirt that accumulates on the solar panel be able to timely cleaning, and then effectively improves solar energy utilization rate.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model adopts following technical scheme to be achieved:
A kind of solar panel automatic cleaning device comprises being used for clearing apparatus is fixed on pedestal box, cleaning brush, linkage, motor, control panel and humidity sensor on the solar panel; Said cleaning brush is installed on the linkage, and linkage is by said motor-driven; Said humidity sensor testing environment humidity, and generate corresponding Humidity Detection signal and export control panel to; Said control panel is when detecting ambient humidity greater than setting value, and output control signal starter motor turns round, and then drive link mechanism drives cleaning brush reciprocally swinging cleaning on the daylighting panel of solar panel.
Further, in said linkage, include fork, connecting rod and brush holder; One end of said fork is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of motor, and an end of the other end of fork and connecting rod is hinged, and the other end and the brush holder of connecting rod are hinged, and an end of brush holder is rotationally connected with the brush holder that is fixed on the pedestal box.
Further again, the middle part of said connecting rod and brush holder is hinged through pin.
Preferably, said cleaning brush is installed in brush holder on the side of solar panel daylighting panel.
In order to enlarge cleaning range as much as possible; Said pedestal box is installed in the end on the long limit of solar panel; Said brush holder extends to the broadside of solar panel; And the width edge length of the length of cleaning brush and solar panel daylighting panel is suitable on the brush holder, promptly equates perhaps smaller with the width edge length of daylighting panel.
Preferably, said motor preferably adopts DC speed-reducing.
In order to improve reliability of system operation, preferably said motor and control panel are installed in the pedestal box; The induction contact of said humidity sensor appears the housing induction external environment humidity of pedestal box, and the Humidity Detection signal of generation sends control panel to through holding wire.
The attendant regulated the timing cleaning time of clearing apparatus for ease; On said pedestal box, also be provided with the time adjusting knob; Said time adjusting knob connects potentiometer knob, and through the resistance of rotational time adjusting knob change potentiometer, said potentiometer connects control panel; Detect the change in resistance of potentiometer through control panel, and then change the setting value of regularly cleaning the time.
Further again, said control panel is provided with microprocessor, and said microprocessor is connected with humidity sensor, potentiometer and motor are corresponding respectively.
Further, said solar panel connects battery, and converting solar energy to electric energy is the charge in batteries accumulation of energy, and said battery is to described control panel, humidity sensor and motor transportation work power supply.
Compared with prior art; The advantage and the good effect of the utility model are: the solar panel automatic cleaning device of the utility model can according to the varying environment of its their location to solar panel carry out automatically, intelligent cleaning; Particularly under special weather situation such as sleet; Can judge the best opportunity of cleaning automatic accurately, and then reach best cell panel cleaning effect.This automatic cleaning device is simple in structure, volume is little, cost is low, be prone to installation, do not block light source, when using manpower and material resources sparingly, has improved the solar energy utilization ratio of cell panel greatly, has significantly promoted the generating efficiency of cell panel.
After the detailed description in conjunction with advantages the utility model embodiment, other characteristics of the utility model and advantage will become clearer.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the solar panel automatic cleaning device that proposes of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the articulated structure figure between connecting rod and the brush holder among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the schematic block circuit diagram of a kind of embodiment of solar panel automatic cleaning device.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the utility model is done explanation in further detail.
Embodiment one; Referring to shown in Figure 1, the solar panel automatic cleaning device of present embodiment mainly moves back and forth the linkage of realizing cleaning function etc. and partly forms by pedestal box 7, cleaning brush 4, control panel 8, motor 10 and driving under the driving action of motor 10 on the daylighting panel 16 of cleaning brush 4 at solar panel 1.Wherein, pedestal box 7 is used for this clearing apparatus is fixed on solar panel 1, specifically can adopt clamping screw 5 to realize installing and fixing of itself and solar panel 1 framework.
Brush holder 2, fork 11 can be set in said linkage and be hinged on brush holder 2 and fork 11 between connecting rod 3; One end of said fork 11 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of motor 10; The other end and connecting rod 3 are hinged, and specifically can be connected with an end hinge of connecting rod 3 through pin; The other end of connecting rod 3 is hinged through pin 15 and brush holder 2, as shown in Figure 2, preferably be hinged on the middle part (the middle part here is meant all the other positions of removing brush holder 2 two ends, need specifically confirm according to the length of fork 11 and connecting rod 3) of brush holder 2.One end and the brush holder 9 of brush holder 2 are rotationally connected, and brush holder 9 is fixedly mounted on the pedestal box 7.Cleaning brush 4 is installed on brush holder 2, when brush holder 2 moves, just can be driven cleaning brush 4 and on the daylighting panel 16 of solar panel 1, move, accomplish the cleaning works of attachments such as dust, sleet.
As a kind of preferred design of present embodiment, said cleaning brush 4 is preferably mounted at brush holder 2 on the side of the daylighting panel 16 of solar panel 1, i.e. brush holder 2 bottom surfaces of direction shown in Figure 1.Pedestal box 7 is fixedly mounted on the end of solar panel 1 one sides; For example grow the end on limit; Then brush holder 2 should extend along an adjacent side direction of solar panel 1 at initial position; For example extend to the broadside of solar panel 1, and the length of brush holder 2 with and the length that goes up the cleaning brush of installing 4 preferably the width edge length with the daylighting panel 16 of solar panel 1 is suitable, promptly equate perhaps to be slightly less than the width edge length of daylighting panel 16.Thus one, driving cleaning brushes 4 at brush holder 2 be fulcrum when rotating with brush holder 9, can obtain the cleaning range of maximum, and then help to improve the photoelectric transformation efficiency of solar panel 1.
For under special weather situation such as sleet, clearing apparatus can be automatically, in time solar panel 1 is carried out cleaning works, and present embodiment also is provided with humidity sensor 6 in said clearing apparatus, be installed on the pedestal box 7, is used for testing environment humidity.The Humidity Detection signal that collects through said humidity sensor 6 sends control panel 8 to via holding wire, carries out cleaning process to determine when starter motor 10.
Said control panel 8 is as the control core of whole system, and is with humidity sensor 6 and 10 corresponding connections of motor, as shown in Figure 3 respectively.When control panel 8 detects the pairing ambient humidity value of Humidity Detection signal through humidity sensor 6 feedback and surpasses the setting value that writes in advance; Think that then the humidity of external environment is excessive; Sleety weather possibly appear; And then 10 runnings of output control signal starter motor, drive link mechanism drives cleaning brush 4 and carries out cleaning works, and rainwater or accumulated snow on the daylighting panel 16 that accumulates in solar panel 1 are in time cleared up.
Under other weather environments; For the dust on the daylighting panel 16 that accumulates in solar panel 1 is regularly cleaned; Preferably at said 7 last set-up time of pedestal box adjusting knob 12; Connect described control panel 8,, change the setting value of regularly cleaning the time through operating time adjusting knob 12 with the environmental aspect of the personnel of maintaining easily according to different regions.
A kind of preferred circuit design as present embodiment; Can said time adjusting knob 12 be connected with the knob of a potentiometer; The power supply terminal of potentiometer is connected dc source, change the resistance of potentiometer, and detect the change in resistance of potentiometer through control panel through the rotational time adjusting knob; And then convert to generate and regularly to clean the setting value of time and preserve, carry out regular cleaning works so that control 4 pairs of solar panels of cleaning brush 1 automatically according to this setting value in the future.
Certainly; Also can directly the setting value of time be cleaned in said timing is solidificated in the software program of system; Control panel 8 can directly call cycle and the frequency that this setting value is confirmed cleaning in running; And then control cleaning brush 4 and carry out regular cleaning works, present embodiment does not specifically limit this.
For each can directly be provided by the battery that is connected with solar panel 1 14 conversions, like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 3 with the required working power of electric loading in the said clearing apparatus.In the present embodiment, the said motor 10 preferred DC speed-reducing that adopt are to make things convenient for the design of power supply circuits.At solar panel 1 duration of work, the electric energy that generates through solar panel 1 conversion exports battery 14 to, is battery 14 charging accumulation of energys.Dc source via battery 14 outputs can generate control panel 8, humidity sensor 6, DC speed-reducing 10 and the needed working power of potentiometer through the voltage conversion circuit voltage stabilizing, is these electricity consumption electric through power line 13.
The preferred microprocessor that adopts cooperates peripheral circuit to set up governor circuit on said control panel 8; Utilize the different I mouth of microprocessor to connect described humidity sensor 6, DC speed-reducing 10 and potentiometer, realize the collection of detection signal and the drive controlling of motor 10.
In order to improve the reliability of system works, preferably said control panel 8, motor 10 and potentiometer are built in the pedestal box 7, the upper shell that the rotating shaft of motor 10 passes pedestal box 7 is connected with fork 11.Humidity sensor 6 can be directly installed on the housing of pedestal box 7, also can only its induction contact be exposed pedestal box housing, and is as shown in Figure 1, with the humidity variation of perception external environment exactly.
The course of work in the face of the solar panel automatic cleaning device that present embodiment proposed specifically describes down.
Usually, solar panel 1 absorbs sunshine, converts electric energy to battery 14 charging accumulation of energys, and then utilizes battery 14 for control panel 8 working power to be provided.The attendant can set the regular cleaning time and the frequency of cleaning brushes 4 through time adjusting knob 12, and it is adjustable that for example cleaning period is set to 1 day, 2 days and 3 days, and each 5 seconds actuation times, 10 seconds, 15 seconds and 30 seconds are adjustable.Control panel 8 regularly drives DC speed-reducing 10 runnings according to time and the frequency set, and then drive link mechanism drives cleaning brush 4 the dust dirt on the cleaning solar panels 1 or rainwater, accumulated snow automatically.During cleaning, DC speed-reducing 10 rotates a circle, and driving pendulum rod 11 rotates a circle, and then to drive brush holder 2 be fulcrum with brush holder 9, is rotated counterclockwise 90 degree earlier, and dextrorotation turn 90 degrees again, accomplishes one and back and forth cleans course of action.In addition,, judge when running into sleety weather, then drive the daylighting panel 16 that DC speed-reducing 10 is cleaned solar panel 1 immediately, to reach the best cleaning effect solar panel 1 when the humidity data that control panel 8 collects according to humidity sensor 6.
Certainly; Above-mentioned explanation is not to be the restriction to the utility model; The utility model also be not limited in above-mentioned for example, variation, remodeling, interpolation or replacement that those skilled in the art are made in the essential scope of the utility model also should belong to the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a solar panel automatic cleaning device is characterized in that: comprise being used for clearing apparatus is fixed on pedestal box, cleaning brush, linkage, motor, control panel and humidity sensor on the solar panel; Said cleaning brush is installed on the linkage, and linkage is by said motor-driven; Said humidity sensor testing environment humidity, and generate corresponding Humidity Detection signal and export control panel to; Said control panel is when detecting ambient humidity greater than setting value, and output control signal starter motor turns round, and then drive link mechanism drives cleaning brush reciprocally swinging cleaning on the daylighting panel of solar panel.
2. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: in said linkage, include fork, connecting rod and brush holder; One end of said fork is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of motor, and an end of the other end of fork and connecting rod is hinged, and the other end and the brush holder of connecting rod are hinged, and an end of brush holder is rotationally connected with the brush holder that is fixed on the pedestal box.
3. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the middle part of said connecting rod and brush holder is hinged through pin.
4. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 2 is characterized in that: said cleaning brush is installed in brush holder on the side of solar panel daylighting panel.
5. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: said pedestal box is installed in the end on the long limit of solar panel; Said brush holder extends to the broadside of solar panel, and the width edge length of length and the solar panel daylighting panel of cleaning brush is suitable on the brush holder.
6. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said motor is a DC speed-reducing.
7. according to each described solar panel automatic cleaning device in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that: said motor and control panel are installed in the pedestal box; The induction contact of said humidity sensor appears the housing induction external environment humidity of pedestal box, and the Humidity Detection signal of generation sends control panel to through holding wire.
8. according to each described solar panel automatic cleaning device in the claim 1 to 6; It is characterized in that: said pedestal box is provided with the time adjusting knob; Said time adjusting knob connects potentiometer knob; Through the resistance of rotational time adjusting knob change potentiometer, said potentiometer connects control panel, detects the change in resistance of potentiometer through control panel.
9. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 8 is characterized in that: said control panel is provided with microprocessor, and said microprocessor is connected with humidity sensor, potentiometer and motor are corresponding respectively.
10. according to each described solar panel automatic cleaning device in the claim 1 to 6; It is characterized in that: said solar panel connects battery; Converting solar energy to electric energy is the charge in batteries accumulation of energy, and said battery is to described control panel, humidity sensor and motor transportation work power supply.
CN2012200248535U 2012-01-19 2012-01-19 Automatically cleaning device for solar panel Expired - Fee Related CN202479185U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200248535U CN202479185U (en) 2012-01-19 2012-01-19 Automatically cleaning device for solar panel

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200248535U CN202479185U (en) 2012-01-19 2012-01-19 Automatically cleaning device for solar panel

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014080399A1 (en) * 2012-11-26 2014-05-30 Fischer Eran Naturally-irrigated solar panel and solar collector cleaning system
CN104492738A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-08 河南智金电子科技有限公司 Screen-cleaning air-drying device
CN104554340A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 宁夏中远天晟科技有限公司 Probe phone remote control compressed air snow sweeping device of railway vehicle infrared axle temperature detection system
CN104550136A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 宁夏中远天晟科技有限公司 Probe single-chip microcomputer system controlled fan snow sweeping device of railway vehicle infrared axle temperature detection system
CN104550137A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 宁夏中远天晟科技有限公司 Probe single-chip microcomputer system controlled compressed-air snow sweeping device of railway vehicle infrared axle temperature detection system
CN104707831A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-06-17 常州加伏沃新能源科技有限公司 Full-automatic and intelligent robot for cleaning photovoltaic panel
CN105974919A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-09-28 合肥中科智翔自动化技术有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning robot control system
CN106111580A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-16 上海电机学院 A kind of solar panel intelligent cleaning device
CN106385220A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-02-08 常州元乾智能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic power station multifunctional intelligent management method and system
CN107068791A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-08-18 广州达天计算机科技有限公司 Solar panels and its manufacture installation method
CN108834353A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-11-16 贵州大学 One kind can communicate electrical control cabinet
CN110325296A (en) * 2017-02-22 2019-10-11 株式会社金叶工程 Solar panel cleaning method and solar panel clearing apparatus

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014080399A1 (en) * 2012-11-26 2014-05-30 Fischer Eran Naturally-irrigated solar panel and solar collector cleaning system
CN104554340A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 宁夏中远天晟科技有限公司 Probe phone remote control compressed air snow sweeping device of railway vehicle infrared axle temperature detection system
CN104550136A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 宁夏中远天晟科技有限公司 Probe single-chip microcomputer system controlled fan snow sweeping device of railway vehicle infrared axle temperature detection system
CN104550137A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 宁夏中远天晟科技有限公司 Probe single-chip microcomputer system controlled compressed-air snow sweeping device of railway vehicle infrared axle temperature detection system
CN104492738A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-08 河南智金电子科技有限公司 Screen-cleaning air-drying device
CN104707831A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-06-17 常州加伏沃新能源科技有限公司 Full-automatic and intelligent robot for cleaning photovoltaic panel
CN105974919A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-09-28 合肥中科智翔自动化技术有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning robot control system
CN106111580A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-16 上海电机学院 A kind of solar panel intelligent cleaning device
CN106385220A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-02-08 常州元乾智能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic power station multifunctional intelligent management method and system
CN110325296A (en) * 2017-02-22 2019-10-11 株式会社金叶工程 Solar panel cleaning method and solar panel clearing apparatus
CN107068791A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-08-18 广州达天计算机科技有限公司 Solar panels and its manufacture installation method
CN108834353A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-11-16 贵州大学 One kind can communicate electrical control cabinet

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121010

Termination date: 20150119

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