CN107068791A - Solar panels and its manufacture installation method - Google Patents

Solar panels and its manufacture installation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107068791A
CN107068791A CN201710214102.7A CN201710214102A CN107068791A CN 107068791 A CN107068791 A CN 107068791A CN 201710214102 A CN201710214102 A CN 201710214102A CN 107068791 A CN107068791 A CN 107068791A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panels
layer
field electrode
eva
electrode
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Pending
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CN201710214102.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李骏
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Guangzhou Da Tian Computer Technology Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Da Tian Computer Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Guangzhou Da Tian Computer Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Da Tian Computer Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710214102.7A priority Critical patent/CN107068791A/en
Publication of CN107068791A publication Critical patent/CN107068791A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/042PV modules or arrays of single PV cells
    • H01L31/048Encapsulation of modules
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/02Details
    • H01L31/0216Coatings
    • H01L31/02161Coatings for devices characterised by at least one potential jump barrier or surface barrier
    • H01L31/02167Coatings for devices characterised by at least one potential jump barrier or surface barrier for solar cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/20Optical components
    • H02S40/22Light-reflecting or light-concentrating means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/52PV systems with concentrators

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of solar panels manufacture method and solar panels; including the top layer from top to bottom set gradually, the first EVA layer, cell piece, the second EVA layer and backboard; the top layer bottom surface is provided with color layer, and the color layer includes dope layer and is arranged on the diaphragm of dope layer bottom.The solar panels manufacture method and solar panels provided according to the present invention; it is provided with top layer and is printed with color layer; meet the demand of color that user can select oneself to like; in addition; in order to prevent EVA layer from destroying the design and color of color layer in lamination process; also protective layer is provided with color layer bottom surface so that structure is more stablized.

Description

Solar panels and its manufacture installation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar panels manufacture method and solar panels.
Background technology
Solar panel is the core in solar power system, is also to be worth highest in solar power system Part.Its effect is to convert solar energy into electrical energy, or is sent in battery and stores, or promotes loaded work piece.The sun The quality and cost of energy cell panel will directly determine the quality and cost of whole system.With the continuous progress of photovoltaic industry, city Field proposes higher requirement to photovoltaic products, the continuous lifting of guaranteed efficiency is not only wanted, to the outward appearance of solar panel Propose harsher requirement.The color of current existing solar panel is single, only the tone such as black or blueness, it is impossible to Individual character is shown, and solar panel is had been applied in the multiple fields of people's life now, such as solar panels knapsack Structure, existing solar panel can not meet difference it is desirable to the demand for the color for selecting oneself to like, and Identical product, which is easily produced, to be obscured, therefore how to manufacture a kind of with multiple color, pattern and the constitutionally stable sun of color layers Energy cell panel is the problem of having to be solved.
In view of this, it is special to propose the present invention.
The content of the invention
It is contemplated that at least solving one of technical problem in correlation technique to a certain extent.
Therefore, it is an object of the invention to propose a kind of solar panels manufacture method and solar panels.Concrete technical scheme It is as follows:
A kind of solar panels, including from top to bottom set gradually top layer, the first EVA layer, cell piece, the second EVA layer and Backboard, the top layer bottom surface is provided with color layer, and the color layer includes dope layer and is arranged on the diaphragm of dope layer bottom.
The solar panels manufacture method and solar panels provided according to the present invention, is provided with top layer and is printed with color layer, The demand of color that user can select oneself to like is met, in addition, in order to prevent EVA layer from destroying color layer in lamination process Design and color, also color layer bottom surface be provided with protective layer so that structure more stablize.
According to the example of the present invention, carried out in the top layer, the first EVA layer, cell piece, the second EVA layer and backboard Before laminated laying, the diaphragm is arranged between the first block media and the second block media, described first stops Jie Matter is connected with the first high-field electrode, and second block media is connected with the second high-field electrode, first high-field electrode and institute The second high-field electrode is stated, the first electrode and the second electrode are connected with high-frequency ac power, the high-frequency ac power Be in series with electric capacity and resistance between second high-field electrode, the high-frequency ac power be added in first high-field electrode and Voltage on second high-field electrode is 20V~25V.
According to the example of the present invention, the solar panels are arranged on solar energy fixed pedestal, the solar panels Installation gap is reserved with the fixed pedestal.
According to the example of the present invention, the fixed pedestal is provided with pedestal box, and the pedestal box is arranged on the sun Motor, control panel and battery, the battery and the electricity are installed in the middle part of one side of energy plate, the pedestal box Machine, control panel are connected, and the control panel is connected with the motor, and the rotating shaft of the motor passes the roof of the pedestal box And swing rod is connected with, the swing rod is hinged with connecting rod, and the connecting rod is connected with cleaning brush, and the cleaning brush is close to the pedestal box One end be hinged with crank, the crank can left-right rotation be arranged on the pedestal box, the pedestal box top be provided with Temperature inductor and humidity sensor that the control panel is connected, the control panel is according to the temperature inductor and humidity sense The temperature and humidity data for answering device to detect in real time control the motor to rotate, and the box body is provided with to be connected with the control panel The time adjustment knob connect, the time adjustment knob is used for the rotational time for setting the motor.
According to the example of the present invention, speculum is installed above the solar panels, the speculum with it is described too Positive energy plate is in an inclination angle, and the speculum is connected with telescope support, and the telescope support, which at the uniform velocity stretches, drives the speculum phase Rotated for the solar panels, and ensure that sunshine is in the solar panels by the reflection of speculum in rotation process Vertical angle.
According to the example of the present invention, micro- rib lens board is installed above the solar panel, micro- rib is saturating Mirror version is formed by multiple convex lens close-packed arrays.
According to the example of the present invention, micro- rib lens board is Fresnel Lenses.
In addition, present invention also offers a kind of manufacture of the system of above-mentioned solar panels and installation method, comprising the following steps that:
Step a, cell slice test and concatenation:Multiple cell pieces are concatenated after testing the output parameter of battery, test passes And draw positive and negative lead wires;
Step b, printing layer make, and the color layer in printing on the bottom surface on top layer, the color layer includes dope layer and set Put the diaphragm in dope layer bottom;
Step c, laminated laying:By top layer, the first EVA layer, cell piece, the second EVA layer, backboard according to layer from top to bottom It is secondary to lay;
Step d, component lamination:The solar panels laid are put into laminating machine, by vacuumizing the sky in component Gas is extracted out, and then heating makes EVA fusings that battery, top layer and backboard to bond together, and vacuumizing assembly is taken out in finally cooling;
Step e, installation solar panels.
According to the example of the present invention, the step b includes the diaphragm being arranged on the first block media and the 30-40s between two block medias, first block media is connected with the first high-field electrode, the second block media connection There are the second high-field electrode, first high-field electrode and second high-field electrode, the first electrode and the second electrode High-frequency ac power is connected with, electric capacity and resistance is in series between the high-frequency ac power and second high-field electrode, institute It is 20V~25V to state the voltage that high-frequency ac power is added on first high-field electrode and the second high-field electrode.
According to the example of the present invention, the step e includes the solar panels being arranged on fixed pedestal, installs When, it is reserved with space between the solar panels and the fixed pedestal.
The additional aspect and advantage of the present invention will be set forth in part in the description, and will partly become from the following description Obtain substantially, or recognized by the practice of the present invention.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the solar panels of the present embodiment;
Fig. 2 is another structural representation of the solar panels of the present embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the yet another construction schematic diagram of the solar panels of the present embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the manufacturing flow chart of the solar panels of the present embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the protection film process schematic diagram of the solar panels of the present embodiment.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are described below in detail, the example of embodiment is shown in the drawings, wherein identical from beginning to end Or similar label represents same or similar element or the element with same or like function.Retouched below with reference to accompanying drawing The embodiment stated is exemplary, it is intended to for explaining the present invention, and be not considered as limiting the invention.
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings come be described in detail according to the present invention solar panels manufacture method and solar panels.
With reference to shown in accompanying drawing 1-5, a kind of solar panels and its manufacture and installation method are present embodiments provided.Specifically , as shown in figure 1, the variation in order to realize solar panels color and pattern, the solar panels 1 of the present embodiment are included by up to Under the top layer 101, the first EVA layer 102, cell piece 103, the second EVA layer 104 and the backboard 105 that set gradually, top layer bottom surface is provided with Color layer, color layer includes dope layer 106 and is arranged on the diaphragm 107 of dope layer bottom, the setting of diaphragm 107 be in order to Prevent the first EVA layer from destroying dope layer in lamination process.Specifically, surface material is ETFE or glass, dope layer can be set It is calculated as pattern, word etc. a variety of, user can voluntarily select according to hobby, and the material of diaphragm is chosen as PE T films.
The manufacture of the solar panels of the present invention and installation method are as follows:
1st, battery testing:Due to the randomness of cell piece manufacturing conditions, the battery performance produced is not quite similar, so In order to effectively by the consistent or close battery combination of performance together, so should be classified according to its performance parameter;Battery Test is classified by the size for the output parameter (electric current and voltage) for testing battery to it.To improve the utilization of battery Rate, makes up-to-standard battery component.
2nd, front welding:It is to be welded to convergent belt in the main gate line of battery front side (negative pole), convergent belt is tin plating copper Band, by welding, point is welded in main gate line in the form of multiple spot.The thermal source of welding is that an infrared lamp (utilizes ultrared thermal effect Should).The length of welding is about 2 times of cell side length.With the back side electricity of cell piece below when the welding having more overleaf is welded Extremely it is connected
3rd, back serial connection:Back side welding is that multi-disc battery is serially connected to form a component string, and we use at present Technique be manual, the positioning of battery has plate mainly by a film, there is the groove of multiple placing battery plates, the size of groove above Size with battery is corresponding, and the position of groove has been designed, and the component of different size uses different templates, and operator uses The front electrode (negative pole) of " forward battery " is welded in the backplate of " rear battery " (positive pole) by electric iron and solder stick, Multi-disc is serially connected successively and lead is welded out in the both positive and negative polarity of component string.
4th, laminated laying:Back serial connection is good and by after the assay was approved, by the EVA of component string, top layer and well cutting, top layer Fiber, backboard are laid according to certain level, prepare lamination.Top layer in advance apply one layer of reagent (primer) with increase top layer and EVA adhesive strength.Ensure the relative position of the materials such as battery strings and top layer when laying, adjust the distance between battery, be layer Pressure is laid a solid foundation.
5th, component lamination:The battery laid is put into laminating machine, extracted out the air in component by vacuumizing, so Heating makes EVA fusings that battery, top layer and backboard to bond together afterwards;Finally component is taken out in cooling.The lamination cycle time is about 25 minutes.Solidification temperature is 150 DEG C.
6th, deburring:Stretched out due to pressure after EVA fusings during lamination and solidify to form flash, so finish should be by for lamination It cuts off.
7th, frame up:It is similar with fill a picture frame to top layer;Aluminium frame is filled to skin assemblies, increases the intensity of component, further Sealed cell component, extend battery service life.Filled with silicone resin in the gap of frame and skin assemblies.Between each frame Connected with angle key.
8th, Welding junction box:A box is welded at module backside lead, in favor of battery and other equipment or battery Between connection.
9th, Hi-pot test and module testing:The purpose of test is that the power output of battery is demarcated, and tests its output Characteristic, determines the credit rating of component.
10th, the installation of solar panels.
Applicant has found during manufacture and use, because the lamination process of solar panels needs to heat EVA plates, and adds The cohesive force of reagent between diaphragm and EVA layer can be caused to decline after heat, for a long time using easily causing diaphragm and EVA layer It is partially separated, not only have impact on colored coatings, and cause the shakiness of total.Therefore applicant is between lamination process Specially treated is carried out to diaphragm, it has been found that traditional method of modifying, such as wet chemistry method surface are modified, processing time It is long, the severe contamination environment such as waste gas waste water of generation.By comparison, the low temperature plasma produced using dielectric barrier discharge is entered Row material surface modifying is a clean dry process, have the advantages that rapidly and efficiently, environmental protection and energy saving, effect it is notable, not Its surface energy is effectively improved on the premise of changing material matrix performance, improves hydrophily, good treatment effect can be obtained, As shown in figure 5, the diaphragm of the present invention is before lamination process, diaphragm is first arranged on the first block media 2 and the second resistance Keep off between medium 3, the first block media 2 is connected with the first high-field electrode 4, and the second block media 3 is connected with the second high-field electrode 5, first electrode 2 and second electrode 3 are connected between high-frequency ac power 6, the high-field electrode 3 of high-frequency ac power 6 and second and gone here and there Be associated with electric capacity 7 and resistance 8, high-frequency ac power 6 be added in the voltage on the first high-field electrode 2 and the second high-field electrode 3 for 20V~ 25V.Applicant has found that the surface water contact angle θ of diaphragm substantially subtracts with the increase of above-mentioned processing time by substantial amounts of experiment Small, most obvious in the reduction of the incipient stage water contact angle of processing, water is contacted when increasing to 30-40s with processing time afterwards Angle no longer changes, that is, reaches saturation state.In addition, applicant is also carried out preferably to the pressurization numerical value of high-frequency ac power 6, Learnt by substantial amounts of experiment, when voltage is 20V~25V, after processing 30s, water contact angle is dropped to by 93 ° of before processing 52.7 °, the surface of diaphragm can bring up to 54.3mJ/m2 from the 27.1 of before processing, and film surface after treatment becomes thick It is rough, there are many irregular graininess projections, this is due to the high-energy particle bombardment material surface in above-mentioned processing, is carved Erosion is acted on, and surface physics structure is changed, and the roughness increase on surface, the increase of the surface roughness of diaphragm causes liquid Body and the increase of the surface tension of its contact, reagent, which is easier drawout in the above, to be come.The present invention utilizes relatively low modification cost, The surface energy of diaphragm is greatly improved, so as to improve the cohesive force of diaphragm and reagent, the whole of solar panels is improved Body structural stability.
In addition, it has been found that solar panels are in outdoor application, thus itself and fixed pedestal connection need to have it is certain Wind loading rating, and it is traditional be to the method that cell panel is reinforced with solid to solid, it is not only cumbersome, waste raw material, reinforce effect It is really same and pessimistic.Therefore applicant is improved to this, according to Bernoulli equation:
Understand that flow velocity is inversely proportional with pressure.Therefore the present invention reserves certain sky between solar panels and firm banking Gap, when high wind attacks, speed air flow quickly, wind from being flowed through between space without being caused damage to cell panel, cell panel The atmospheric pressure at other positions does not change, but air weakens between cell panel and mounting bracket, then causes the gas of centre Pressure ratio air is forced down, and forms pressure difference, plate and support will be made to paste tighter, so as to reach reinforcing cell panel wind loading rating Purpose.
When solar cell plate surface has water dew, moisture, dust and sandy soil are easier to be attached to its surface.It is domestic at present There are a variety of solar panel cleaning methods, a kind of is the high-end solar panel clearing apparatus applied to space industry, is adopted The dust of surface attachment is electrochemically cleared up, this method cost is very high to be unfavorable for promoting, and another method is street cleaner Hand sweeping is carried out using high-altitude operations tool, not only danger coefficient is big, and maintenance cost is high.Therefore, applicant devises Solar panels cleaning device, as shown in Fig. 2 including pedestal box 9, pedestal box 9 is arranged on the middle part of a side of solar panels, Motor 10, control panel (not shown) and battery 11, battery 11 and motor 10, control panel phase are installed in pedestal box 9 Connection, control panel is connected with motor 10, and the rotating shaft of motor 10 passes the roof of pedestal box and is connected with swing rod 12, and swing rod 12 is cut with scissors Connecting rod 13 is connected to, connecting rod 13 is connected with cleaning brush 14, and cleaning brush 14 is hinged with crank 15, crank 15 close to one end of pedestal box 9 Can left-right rotation be arranged on pedestal box 9 on, swing rod 12, connecting rod 13, cleaning brush 14 and crank 15 formation quadric chain, then electricity Machine can drive cleaning brush to clean the surface of solar panels when rotating, and user can be by setting time adjustment knob 16 Come time and rotation interval that controlled motor is rotated every time, also, the present embodiment is also provided with and control panel phase on pedestal box top 9 The temperature inductor and humidity sensor (not shown) of connection, temperature inductor and humidity sensor detect solar energy in real time The temperature and humidity data of plate annex, and control panel is transmitted the data to, control panel is judged, when warm and humid degrees of data exceeds During preset value, control panel controlled motor is rotated.The such scheme of the present embodiment is the high solar energy of a kind of perfect in shape and function, cost performance Cell panel automatic cleaning device, it is possible to achieve the intelligence to cell panel is cleaned, and meets the market of solar panel area of maintenance Need.
In addition, the luminous point transformation efficiency in order to improve solar panels, the present embodiment devises two kinds of embodiments, such as Fig. 3 Shown, one kind is that speculum 17 is provided with above solar panels, and speculum 17 is in an inclination angle, speculum connection with solar panels There is telescope support 18, telescope support, which at the uniform velocity stretches, drives speculum to be rotated relative to solar panels, and ensures in rotation process Reflection and solar panels perpendicular angle of the sunshine by speculum.Because season and the difference at daily moment, are shined upon Angle is all being continually changing, to make sunlight to be irradiated to 90 ° of inclination angles on pole plate, when sunlight irradiating angle does not reach 90 °, Sunshine is reflexed on pole plate by speculum.Due to areas relationship, daily 9 are mainly utilized:00~15:00 luminous energy, because The angle of this speculum is also as boundary.The change of angle is controlled with telescope support.
Another is that micro- rib lens board (not shown) is provided with above solar panel, and micro- rib lens version is by more Individual convex lens close-packed arrays are formed.Favourable, micro- rib lens board is Fresnel Lenses, is characterized in that focal length is short, more saturating than general The material usage of mirror is less, quality and volume are smaller.Compare, Fresnel lens is thinner, therefore can transmit with the lens of early stage More light, further improve photoelectric transformation efficiency.
In summary, the solar panels manufacture method and solar panels provided according to the present invention, provided with printing on top layer Colored layer, meets the demand of color that user can select oneself to like, in addition, in order to prevent EVA layer in lamination process The design and color of color layer is destroyed, also protective layer is provided with color layer bottom surface so that structure is more stablized.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", " under ", "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom " " interior ", " outer ", " up time The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as pin ", " counterclockwise ", " axial direction ", " radial direction ", " circumference " be based on orientation shown in the drawings or Position relationship, is for only for ease of the description present invention and simplifies description, rather than indicate or imply that the device or element of meaning must There must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance Or the implicit quantity for indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, define " first ", the feature of " second " can express or Implicitly include one or more this feature.In the description of the invention, " multiple " are meant that two or more, unless separately There is clearly specific limit.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " etc. Term should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or integrally;Can be that machinery connects Connect or electrically connect;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirectly connected to by intermediary, can be in two elements The connection in portion or the interaction relationship of two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, can be according to specific feelings Condition understands the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, fisrt feature can be with "above" or "below" second feature It is that the first and second features are directly contacted, or the first and second features pass through intermediary mediate contact.Moreover, fisrt feature exists Second feature " on ", " top " and " above " but fisrt feature are directly over second feature or oblique upper, or be merely representative of Fisrt feature level height is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature second feature " under ", " lower section " and " below " can be One feature is immediately below second feature or obliquely downward, or is merely representative of fisrt feature level height less than second feature.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means to combine specific features, structure, material or the spy that the embodiment or example are described Point is contained at least one embodiment of the present invention or example.In this manual, to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term not Identical embodiment or example must be directed to.Moreover, specific features, structure, material or the feature of description can be with office Combined in an appropriate manner in one or more embodiments or example.In addition, in the case of not conflicting, the skill of this area Art personnel can be tied the not be the same as Example or the feature of example and non-be the same as Example or example described in this specification Close and combine.
Although embodiments of the invention have been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is impossible to limitation of the present invention is interpreted as, one of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the invention can be to above-mentioned Embodiment is changed, changed, replacing and modification.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of solar panels, it is characterised in that including the top layer from top to bottom set gradually, the first EVA layer, cell piece, Two EVA layers and backboard, the top layer bottom surface are provided with color layer, and the color layer includes dope layer and is arranged on dope layer bottom Diaphragm.
2. solar panels according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the top layer, the first EVA layer, cell piece, second EVA layer and backboard are carried out before laminated laying, and the diaphragm is arranged between the first block media and the second block media, First block media is connected with the first high-field electrode, and second block media is connected with the second high-field electrode, described One high-field electrode and second high-field electrode, the first electrode and the second electrode are connected with high-frequency ac power, institute State and electric capacity and resistance are in series between high-frequency ac power and second high-field electrode, the high-frequency ac power is added in described Voltage on first high-field electrode and the second high-field electrode is 20V~25V.
3. solar panels according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the solar panels are arranged on solar energy fixed pedestal On, the solar panels are reserved with installation gap with the fixed pedestal.
4. solar panels according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the fixed pedestal is provided with pedestal box, the pedestal Box is arranged in the middle part of a side of the solar panels, the pedestal box and is provided with motor, control panel and battery, institute State battery with the motor, control panel to be connected, the control panel is connected with the motor, the rotating shaft of the motor is passed The roof of the pedestal box and swing rod is connected with, the swing rod is hinged with connecting rod, and the connecting rod is connected with cleaning brush, the cleaning Brush is hinged with crank close to one end of the pedestal box, the crank can left-right rotation be arranged on the pedestal box, it is described Pedestal box top is provided with the temperature inductor and humidity sensor being connected with the control panel, and the control panel is according to the temperature The temperature and humidity data that degree inductor and humidity sensor are detected in real time control the motor to rotate, and the box body is provided with The time adjustment knob being connected with the control panel, the time adjustment knob is used for the rotational time for setting the motor.
5. solar panels according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with speculum above the solar panels, institute It is in an inclination angle that speculum, which is stated, with the solar panels, and the speculum is connected with telescope support, and the telescope support at the uniform velocity stretches The speculum is driven to be rotated relative to the solar panels, and guarantee reflection of the sunshine by speculum in rotation process With the perpendicular angle of the solar panels.
6. solar panels according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with micro- rib above the solar panel saturating Runner plate, micro- rib lens version is formed by multiple convex lens close-packed arrays.
7. solar panels according to claim 1, it is characterised in that micro- rib lens board is Fresnel Lenses.
8. a kind of solar panels manufacture and installation method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step a, cell slice test and concatenation:Multiple cell pieces are concatenated and drawn after testing the output parameter of battery, test passes Go out positive and negative lead wires;
Step b, printing layer make, and the color layer in printing on the bottom surface on top layer, the color layer includes dope layer and is arranged on The diaphragm of dope layer bottom;
Step c, laminated laying:Top layer, the first EVA layer, cell piece, the second EVA layer, backboard are applied according to level from top to bottom If good;
Step d, component lamination:The solar panels laid are put into laminating machine, the air in component are taken out by vacuumizing Go out, then heating makes EVA fusings that battery, top layer and backboard to bond together, and vacuumizing assembly is taken out in finally cooling;
Step e, installation solar panels.
9. solar panels manufacture method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the step b is included the protection Film is arranged on 30-40s between the first block media and the second block media, and first block media is connected with the first high-tension electricity Pole, second block media is connected with the second high-field electrode, first high-field electrode and second high-field electrode, described First electrode and the second electrode are connected with high-frequency ac power, the high-frequency ac power and second high-field electrode it Between be in series with electric capacity and resistance, the high-frequency ac power is added in the voltage on first high-field electrode and the second high-field electrode For 20V~25V.
10. solar panels manufacture method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the step e is included the sun Energy plate is arranged on fixed pedestal, and during installation, space is reserved between the solar panels and the fixed pedestal.
CN201710214102.7A 2017-04-01 2017-04-01 Solar panels and its manufacture installation method Pending CN107068791A (en)

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CN201710214102.7A CN107068791A (en) 2017-04-01 2017-04-01 Solar panels and its manufacture installation method

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