CN1810084A - Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme - Google Patents

Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1810084A
CN1810084A CN 200610001602 CN200610001602A CN1810084A CN 1810084 A CN1810084 A CN 1810084A CN 200610001602 CN200610001602 CN 200610001602 CN 200610001602 A CN200610001602 A CN 200610001602A CN 1810084 A CN1810084 A CN 1810084A
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seed
fertilizer
lining paper
employed
vegetation bag
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CN 200610001602
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CN1810084B (en
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顾卫
崔维佳
刘杨
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Beijing Normal University
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Beijing Normal University
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Abstract

The present invention discloses one kind of multifunctional plant growth bag and its technological scheme. The plant growth bag consists of woven bag, fibrous cotton net, lining paper, seed and fertilizer layer and plant growth medium layer arranged from outside to inside as well as bag sealing. The plant growth bag is suitable for ecological slope protection and afforestation in mountain land and sandy land.

Description

A kind of multipurpose vegetation bag and technical scheme thereof that is applicable to protecting slope ecology
Invention field
The present invention relates to a kind of multipurpose vegetation bag and technical scheme thereof, particularly a kind of multipurpose vegetation bag and technical scheme thereof that is applicable to protecting slope ecology and mountain region, sand ground afforestation.
Background technology
Infrastructure constructions such as highway, railway, water conservancy, agricultural, urban construction produce destruction to original landforms and vegetation inevitably, form the newly domatic of differing texture, different gradient.These new domatic entry material mainly are rock, weathered layer, cubsoil and backfill soil, not only hardness height, low, the poor water retention property of nutrient, and do not possess the granular structure and the permeability of soil, very be unfavorable for growth and development of plants.One runs into the erosion of wind and rain, and new domatic as easy as rolling off a log generation water and soil loss causes side slope top layer unstability, the destruction of form such as cause that finally side slope is slided, toppled over.
Carry out the protection of side slope top layer with the method for recovering side slope vegetation, promptly protecting slope ecology is the main flow of domestic and international in recent years side slope superficial protection.Ecological protection not only plays an important role to the stable side slope top layer, and the key measure that develops simultaneously as infrastructure construction and environmental protection, and its economic benefit, ecological benefits and social benefit are very tangible.Protecting slope ecology mainly is to rely on base of leaf of plant and the erosion that root system is resisted external force (wind, rain, current), and wherein the effect of root system is particularly important.Particularly the root system of tree and shrubs can go deep into soil inside, plays the effect of soil and slope protection.Therefore the ultimate aim of protecting slope ecology should be that foundation is the plant community of core with the tree and shrubs.
The nonwoven type vegetation bag of domestic production at present only is suitable for the growth of grass family draft, is difficult to directly bring up shrub or arbor group.The root system of draft is short and shallow, and water requirement is higher, and one runs into arid death easily, therefore existing nonwoven type draft vegetation bag is not only limited to the protective action of side slope, and the fraction of view recovery effects is low, and the cost height, in application facet very big deficiency is arranged, prospect is very unoptimistic.
Summary of the invention
One object of the present invention is to disclose a kind of multipurpose vegetation bag; Another object of the present invention is to disclose a kind of multipurpose vegetation bag that is applicable to protecting slope ecology and mountain region, sand ground afforestation; Another object of the present invention is to disclose a kind of technical scheme of multipurpose vegetation bag.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of multipurpose vegetation bag, this vegetation bag ecto-entad structure comprises: mesh grid 1, cellucotton net 2, lining paper 3, lining paper 5, seed and fertilizer layer 4, plant growth medium layer 7, sack encapsulation limit 8; Mesh grid 1 internal layer is a cellucotton net 2, and growth hole 6 is arranged on the cellucotton net 2; Cellucotton net 2 internal layers are lining paper 3; Lining paper 3 and lining paper 5 middle plant seed and the fertilizer layers 4 of being inlaid with; Lining paper 5 internal layers are equipped with plant growth medium layer 7.
Mesh grid 1 used in the present invention is a polyethylene products, and its mesh size is 0.5-1.5cm * 1.0-2.5cm; Mesh grid 1 preferred mesh used in the present invention is of a size of 1cm * 1.5cm.
Cellucotton net 2 used in the present invention is a polyester article, and its thickness is 3-5mm, and weight is 40g-50g/m 2, voidage is 90-95%, processes the circular hole that diameter is 3-7mm by 5-15cm * 5-15cm spacing on the cellucotton net; Cellucotton net 2 preferred thickness used in the present invention are 4mm, and weight is 45g/m 2, voidage is 95%, processes the circular hole that diameter is 5mm by 10cm * 10cm spacing on the cellucotton net 2.
Lining paper used in the present invention is a speciality lining paper 3,5, its main component be artificial silk and water soluble polymer fiber (ratio of artificial silk and water soluble polymer fiber is 4: 6,4.5: 5.5,5: 5,6.5: 4.5,6: 4; Preferred proportion is 5: 5), weight is 38g/m 2, speciality lining paper one runs into moisture will dissolve into pasty state.
Plant seed used in the present invention is arbor, shrub and the herbaceous seeds through Cotton seeds; Seed coating medicine is made of commercially available conventional water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent, and wherein water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent mix in 5%, 45%, 3% ratio of seed weight respectively, make seed coating medicine; Seed is carried out Cotton seeds, and before dressing, seed is used the root-inducing powder immersion treatment according to a conventional method; The ratio of Qiao, filling, grass seed changes because of engineering purpose is different; When the construction arbor was master's group, Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio were 2-6: 0.5-1.5: 4-6, preferred 4: 1: 5; When the construction shrub was master's group, Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio were 0.5-1.5: 4-8: 2-4, preferred 1: 6: 3; When the construction draft was master's group, Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio were 0-1: 1-3: 6-10, preferred 0: 2: 8.
Plant growth medium 7 used in the present invention is 5: 3: 2 by soil, sand, fertilizer by weight proportion; 7: 2: 1; 6: 2: 2; 6: 3: 1 formulated, and preferred proportion is 6: 2: 2; Fertilizer can be organic manure, slow release fertilizer, water-loss reducer and/or microbial manure.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a multipurpose vegetation bag structural representation
Fig. 2 is a multipurpose vegetation bag sectional schematic diagram
Fig. 3 stacks formula vegetation bag construction schematic diagram
Fig. 4 is a flush system vegetation bag construction schematic diagram
Fig. 5 is a hole formula vegetation bag construction schematic diagram
Multipurpose vegetation bag sectional schematic diagram after Fig. 6 is to use
Fig. 7 vegetation bag soil moisture conservation effect
Fig. 8 vegetation bag heat insulation effect
Fig. 9 vegetation bag is protected the fertilizer efficiency fruit
Wherein: 1, mesh grid 2, cellucotton net 3, lining paper 4, seed and fertilizer layer
5, lining paper 6, growth hole 7, plant growth medium layer
8, sack encapsulation limit 9, vegetation bag 10, anchor pole
11, domatic 12, leaves of plants, stem 13, root system of plant
The using method of vegetation bag of the present invention and arrangement and method for construction comprise following three kinds:
A stacks formula: stack along domatic 11 horizontal displacements, it is about 15cm that the dislocation between the levels vegetation bag 9 stacks distance.Need vegetation bag 9 usefulness anchor poles 10 are fixed on domatic 11 every one deck, see Figure of description 3.
B hole formula: dug horizontal hole at domatic 11 upper edge contours, the hole size is advisable can put vegetation bag 9 into, with anchor pole 10 vegetation bag 9 is fixed in the hole, sees Figure of description 4.
The C flush system: vegetation bag 9 is tiled on domatic 11, fixing with anchor pole 10, see Figure of description 5.
The present invention has the soil of guarantor, soil moisture conservation, insulation, guarantor's fertilizer efficiency fruit, uses arbor, shrub, herbaceous seeds or seedling, can be directly used in all kinds of protecting slope ecologies and mountain region, sand ground afforestation, helps rapid restore vegetation in the short time.The invention provides a kind of novel domatic ecological protection technical products,, can produce very big social benefit, economic benefit and ecological benefits for China's ecological construction provides new method.Following experiment and embodiment are used to further specify but are not limited to the present invention.
The soil moisture conservation effect experiment (see figure 7) of experimental example 1 vegetation bag
Vegetation bag soil moisture conservation effect (say 30 days~August 20 March in 2004 soil moisture changes, Yichang)
Drawn by Fig. 7 analysis: vegetation bag soil moved in to improve the original soil moisture conservation effect is better than the shale waste.
The heat insulation effect experiment (see figure 8) of experimental example 2 vegetation bags
Vegetation bag heat insulation effect (22 days~December 26 December in 2004 variations in temperature, Yichang)
Drawn by Fig. 8 analysis: the soil heat insulation effect is better than the shale bare soil in the vegetation bag.
Guarantor's fertilizer efficiency fruit of experimental example 3 vegetation bags is tested (see figure 9)
Vegetation bag is protected fertilizer efficiency fruit (variation of the different soils sample content of organic matter, Yichang)
Drawn by Fig. 9 analysis: vegetation bag is protected fertilizer efficiency and really is better than Yichang original soil, light shale and dark shale.
Experimental example 4 expressway slope vegetation bag ecological protections construction case
The gradient: 1: 0.85; Slope matter: engineering backfill soil; The design of vegetation bag species: gramineous forage grass, leguminous forage, shrub seeds mix, and ratio is 3: 2: 5; The plant growth medium design: soil, sand, fertilizer are 6: 2: 2 by weight proportion, and fertilizer is selected organic manure, slow release fertilizer, water-loss reducer for use; Vegetation bag specification: 40cm * 50cm; Project site: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region collection expressway; Arrangement and method for construction: flush system, see Figure of description 4; Construction effect: domatic vegetation coverage reaches more than 80% after constructing back 1 year.
Experimental example 5 shale deserted mountains afforestation construction case
The gradient: 1: 1; Slope matter: dunn bass; The design of vegetation bag species: arbor (masson pine), gramineous forage grass, leguminous forage seed mix, and ratio is 5: 2: 3; The plant growth medium design: soil, sand, fertilizer are 5: 3: 2 by weight proportion, and fertilizer is selected organic manure, slow release fertilizer, microbial manure (mycorhiza) and water-loss reducer for use; Vegetation bag specification: 50cm * 60cm; The project site: the small towns is divided in the Yichang City, Hubei Province; Arrangement and method for construction: the hole formula, see Figure of description 5; Construction effect: the masson pine survival rate reaches more than 60% after constructing back 3 years.
Following embodiment all can realize the effect of above-mentioned experimental example.
Embodiment 1:
Multipurpose vegetation bag ecto-entad structure comprises: mesh grid 1, cellucotton net 2, lining paper 3, lining paper 5, seed and fertilizer layer 4, plant growth medium layer 7, sack encapsulation limit 8; Mesh grid 1 internal layer is a cellucotton net 2, and growth hole 6 is arranged on the cellucotton net 2; Cellucotton net 2 internal layers are lining paper 3; Lining paper 3 and lining paper 5 middle plant seed and the fertilizer layers 4 of being inlaid with; Lining paper 5 internal layers are equipped with plant growth medium layer 7;
Mesh grid 1 is a polyethylene products, and its mesh size is 1cm * 1.5cm;
Cellucotton net 2 is a polyester article, and its thickness is 5mm, and weight is 45g/m 2, voidage is 95%, processes the circular hole that diameter is 4mm by 5cm * 15cm spacing on the cellucotton net 2;
Lining paper is a speciality lining paper 3,5, and its main component is the artificial silk and the water soluble polymer fiber of 5: 5 ratios, and weight is 38g/m 2, speciality lining paper one runs into moisture will dissolve into pasty state;
Plant seed is arbor, shrub and the herbaceous seeds through Cotton seeds; Seed coating medicine is made of commercially available conventional water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent, and wherein water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent mix in 5%, 45%, 3% ratio of seed weight respectively, make seed coating medicine; Seed is carried out Cotton seeds, and before dressing, seed is used the root-inducing powder immersion treatment according to a conventional method; The ratio of Qiao, filling, grass seed changes because of engineering purpose is different; When the construction arbor was master's group, Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio were 4: 1: 5, and when the construction shrub was master's group, Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio were 1: 6: 3, and when the construction draft was master's group, Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio were 0: 2: 8;
Plant growth medium 7 by soil, husky, fertilizer be by weight proportion 6: 2: 2 formulated; Fertilizer can be organic manure, slow release fertilizer, water-loss reducer and/or microbial manure.
Embodiment 2:
Multipurpose vegetation bag ecto-entad structure comprises: mesh grid 1, cellucotton net 2, lining paper 3, lining paper 5, seed and fertilizer layer 4, plant growth medium layer 7, sack encapsulation limit 8; Mesh grid 1 internal layer is a cellucotton net 2, and growth hole 6 is arranged on the cellucotton net 2; Cellucotton net 2 internal layers are lining paper 3; Lining paper 3 and lining paper 5 middle plant seed and the fertilizer layers 4 of being inlaid with; Lining paper 5 internal layers are equipped with plant growth medium layer 7; Mesh grid 1 is a polyethylene products, and its mesh size is 0.5cm * 1cm;
Cellucotton net 2 is a polyester article, and its thickness is 4mm, and weight is 40g/m 2, voidage is 95%, processes the circular hole that diameter is 5mm by 15cm * 10cm spacing on the cellucotton net 2;
Lining paper is a speciality lining paper 3,5, and its main component is the artificial silk and the water soluble polymer fiber of 6: 4 ratios, and weight is 38g/m 2, speciality lining paper one runs into moisture will dissolve into pasty state;
Plant seed is arbor, shrub and the herbaceous seeds through Cotton seeds; Seed coating medicine is made of commercially available conventional water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent, and wherein water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent mix in 5%, 45%, 3% ratio of seed weight respectively, make seed coating medicine; Seed is carried out Cotton seeds, and before dressing, seed is used the root-inducing powder immersion treatment according to a conventional method; The ratio of Qiao, filling, grass seed changes because of engineering purpose is different; When the construction arbor was master's group, Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio were 3: 0.5: 6, and when the construction shrub was master's group, Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio were 1.5: 4: 4, and when the construction draft was master's group, Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio were 0: 1: 10;
Plant growth medium 7 by soil, husky, fertilizer be by weight proportion 7: 2: 1 formulated; Fertilizer can be organic manure, slow release fertilizer, water-loss reducer and/or microbial manure.

Claims (16)

1, a kind of multipurpose vegetation bag, this vegetation bag ecto-entad structure comprises: mesh grid (1), cellucotton net (2), lining paper (3), lining paper (5), seed and fertilizer layer (4), plant growth medium layer (7), sack encapsulation limit (8); Mesh grid (1) internal layer is cellucotton net (2), and growth hole (6) is arranged on the cellucotton net (2); Cellucotton net (2) internal layer is lining paper (3); Lining paper (3) and middle plant seed and the fertilizer layer (4) of being inlaid with of lining paper (5); Lining paper (5) internal layer is equipped with plant growth medium layer (7).
2, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that employed mesh grid (1) is polyethylene products, and its mesh size is 0.5-1.5cm * 1.0-2.5cm.
3, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that employed mesh grid (1) is polyethylene products, and its mesh size is 1cm * 1.5cm.
4, as the arbitrary described multipurpose vegetation bag of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that employed cellucotton net (2) is a polyester article, its thickness is 3-5mm, weight is 40g-50g/m 2, voidage is 90-95%, processes the circular hole that diameter is 3-7mm by 5-15cm * 5-15cm spacing on the cellucotton net.
5, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that employed vinylon and cotton blend net (2) is a polyester article, and its thickness is 4mm, and weight is 45g/m 2, voidage is 95%, cellucotton net (2) is gone up and is processed the circular hole that diameter is 5mm by 10cm * 10cm spacing.
6, as claim 1,2,3 or 5 described multipurpose vegetation bags, it is characterized in that employed lining paper is speciality lining paper (3) or (5), its main component is 4-6: the artificial silk of 4-6 ratio and water soluble polymer fiber, weight are 38g/m 2
7, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that employed lining paper is speciality lining paper (3) or (5), and its main component is 4-6: the artificial silk of 4-6 ratio and water soluble polymer fiber, weight are 38g/m 2
8, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that employed lining paper is speciality lining paper (3) or (5), and its main component is artificial silk and the water soluble polymer fiber of 5:5, and weight is 38g/m 2
9, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that employed lining paper is speciality lining paper (3) or (5), and its main component is artificial silk and the water soluble polymer fiber of 5:5, and weight is 38g/m 2
10,, it is characterized in that the plant seed in employed plant seed and the fertilizer layer (4) is arbor, shrub and the herbaceous seeds of process Cotton seeds as claim 1,2,3,5,7,8 or 9 described multipurpose vegetation bags; Seed coating medicine is made of commercially available conventional water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent, and wherein water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent mix in 5%, 45%, 3% ratio of seed weight respectively, make seed coating medicine; Seed is carried out Cotton seeds, and before dressing, seed is used the root-inducing powder immersion treatment according to a conventional method; Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio are 2-6: 0.5-1.5: 4-6,0.5-1.5: 4-8: 2-4 or 0-1: 1-3: 6-10.
11, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that the plant seed in employed plant seed and the fertilizer layer (4) is arbor, shrub and the herbaceous seeds of process Cotton seeds; Seed coating medicine is made of commercially available conventional water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent, and wherein water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent mix in 5%, 45%, 3% ratio of seed weight respectively, make seed coating medicine; Seed is carried out Cotton seeds, and before dressing, seed is used the root-inducing powder immersion treatment according to a conventional method; Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio are 2-6: 0.5-1.5: 4-6,0.5-1.5: 4-8: 2-4 or 0-1: 1-3: 6-10.
12, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 10 is characterized in that the plant seed in employed plant seed and the fertilizer layer (4) is arbor, shrub and the herbaceous seeds of process Cotton seeds; Seed coating medicine is made of commercially available conventional water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent, and wherein water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent mix in 5%, 45%, 3% ratio of seed weight respectively, make seed coating medicine; Seed is carried out Cotton seeds, and before dressing, seed is used the root-inducing powder immersion treatment according to a conventional method; Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio are 4: 1: 5,1: 6: 3 or 0: 2: 8.
13, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that the plant seed in employed plant seed and the fertilizer layer (4) is arbor, shrub and the herbaceous seeds of process Cotton seeds; Seed coating medicine is made of commercially available conventional water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent, and wherein water-loss reducer, trace element fertilizer and binding agent mix in 5%, 45%, 3% ratio of seed weight respectively, make seed coating medicine; Seed is carried out Cotton seeds, and before dressing, seed is used the root-inducing powder immersion treatment according to a conventional method; Qiao, filling, grass seed ratio are 4: 1: 5,1: 6: 3 or 0: 2: 8.
14, as claim 1,2,3,5,7,8,9,11,12 or 13 described multipurpose vegetation bags, it is characterized in that employed plant growth medium (7), is that 5: 3: 2,7: 2: 1,6: 2: 2 or 6: 3: 1 are formulated by soil, husky, fertilizer by weight proportion.
15, multipurpose vegetation bag as claimed in claim 14, it is characterized in that employed plant growth medium (7) by soil, husky, fertilizer be by weight proportion 6: 2: 2 formulated.
16, as claim 1,2,3,5,7,8,9,11, the application of 12 or 13 described multipurpose vegetation bags in the product for preparing protecting slope ecology and mountain region, sand ground afforestation.
CN 200610001602 2006-01-13 2006-01-13 Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme Expired - Fee Related CN1810084B (en)

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CN109220358A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-18 蒋文兰 For planting the wollastonite tailing modular tree planting bag of shrub
CN109220351A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-18 蒋文兰 For planting the boron mud modular tree planting bag of shrub
CN109220356A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-18 蒋文兰 For planting the sepiolite modular tree planting bag of shrub
CN109220361A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-18 蒋文兰 For planting the flyash modular tree planting bag of shrub
CN109220354A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-18 蒋文兰 For planting the active carbon residue modular tree planting bag of shrub
CN109258199A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-25 蒋文兰 For planting the water-granulated slag modular tree planting bag of shrub
CN109220359A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-18 蒋文兰 For planting the Kaolin Tailings modular tree planting bag of shrub
CN109287325A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-02-01 席胤清 For planting the building waste modular tree planting bag of shrub

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