CN102498915A - Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes - Google Patents

Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102498915A
CN102498915A CN201110377113XA CN201110377113A CN102498915A CN 102498915 A CN102498915 A CN 102498915A CN 201110377113X A CN201110377113X A CN 201110377113XA CN 201110377113 A CN201110377113 A CN 201110377113A CN 102498915 A CN102498915 A CN 102498915A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shrub
matrix
vegetation bag
bag
plant
Prior art date
Application number
CN201110377113XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102498915B (en
Inventor
许文年
杨平
祝顺波
刘高鹏
许阳
Original Assignee
三峡大学
许文年
杨平
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 三峡大学, 许文年, 杨平 filed Critical 三峡大学
Priority to CN 201110377113 priority Critical patent/CN102498915B/en
Publication of CN102498915A publication Critical patent/CN102498915A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102498915B publication Critical patent/CN102498915B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes, which is characterized in that: matrix and seeds, which are suitable for the growth of shrubs, are filled inside a paper plant growing bag, the plant growing bag is arranged inside holes of the slide slope, and the shrub plant can normally grow on the side slopes. The paper plant growing bag is degradable and is free from pollution, so not only can the resource be saved, but also the ecological environment can be protected; the advantages of both the vegetation concrete and the plant growing bag can be adequately played, and holes of scaffolds can be used for realizing the reasonable combination of the vegetation concrete and the plant growing bag so as to form an organic integrity; and the plant growing environment is improved, adaptable environment for the seed sprouting and the primary growth of shrub can be created, the survival rate of the plant can be increased, and the coordination of the shrub and grass plant space-time structure can be realized.

Description

The method of side slope being afforested through papery vegetation bag growth shrub
Technical field
The present invention relates to the rock mass slope field of engineering technology that adopts the plant cover concrete technology to repair; Be specifically related to adopt the papery vegetation bag to promote in the shrub production; To change most of shrub seeds ablastous phenomenon in plant cover concrete, realize the method for plant cover concrete normal growth shrub plant.
Background technology
Along with the positive fast development of domestic capital construction, hydroelectric development, road construction, ore extraction etc. make slope excavating be seen everywhere, and be increasingly serious to the influence of ecotope; Correspondingly the protecting slope ecology engineering is also a lot; In the practice of construction process, owing to technical reason, the protecting slope ecology engineering is single draft protection mostly; The problem that shrub planting difficulty is always to be faced is irritated careless collocation, Plant Diversity, ecoscape etc. and is difficult to take into account.
The side slope protection engineering is the early stage soil erosion of control; Reach the slope ecological recovery effect, need to cooperate the careless plant protection of filling domatic, herbaceous plant is vigorous at domatic planting primary growth; Shrub is then comparatively slow; The competition result of living space causes the shrub growth usually to receive very large inhibition between draft-shrub kind, even because the unreasonable quilt of planting mode is eliminated out group fully, this problem is not well solved so far.
Plant cover concrete slope ecological recovery technique has obtained certain achievement in the research aspect the careless collocation of filling; But because of shrub seeds has stronger susceptibility to the cement in the plant cover concrete composition; Test shows: cement to the sprouting of shrub seeds and the growth effect at initial stage greater than herbaceous plant; And domatic planting initial stage, there was interspecies competition in herbaceous plant with shrub on soil nutrient and living space; Growth to shrub has the obvious suppression effect, and the result causes shrub each item growth parameter(s) to reduce, and later stage survival number descends.
Summary of the invention
The present invention be directed to shrub seeds in the plant cover concrete of research and development voluntarily germination rate and growth not as herbal situation; Based on making full use of plant cover concrete and vegetation bag advantage separately; By the scaffold hole; Build shrub seeds and sprout the good environment with primary growth, increase the survival rate (survival rate of shrub plant, be increased to be higher than 80% by original less than 30% behind use the present invention) of plant; Realize the combination of plant cover concrete and vegetation bag, a kind of method of side slope being afforested through papery vegetation bag growth shrub is provided.
The objective of the invention is to realize like this: a kind of method of side slope being afforested through papery vegetation bag growth shrub may further comprise the steps:
(1) makes vegetation bag: adopt paper material to process an end opening, the cylindric vegetation bag of end sealing;
(2) preparation matrix: comprise sandy loam, AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, organic matter, water-loss reducer and efficient compound fertilizer in the matrix, in weight ratio: sandy loam: AB bacterium bio-fertilizer: organic matter: water-loss reducer: efficient compound fertilizer=4.6-5.2:2.7-3.2:1.3-1.6:0.18-0.22:0.25-0.32;
(3) shrub seeds is selected: according to construction domatic concrete condition and peripheral territorial environment, consider the principle of shrub and peripheral herbaceous plant landscape effect, select suitable shrub seeds;
(4) seed pack: with the rooting powder solution seed soaking, pack into and the matrix that is mixed with shrub seeds in the vegetation bag bottom, and the top no seed matrix of packing into is sealed matrix in the bag after closely knit with vegetation bag;
(5) vegetation bag is placed:
Domatic to scaffolding erecting, after spraying the plant cover concrete substrate layer, the pure matrix end of vegetation bag is put into scaffold remove the back reserving hole; Air drill boring is domatic, vegetation bag is put into the boring hole earlier spray the plant cover concrete substrate layer again;
(6) lay the plant cover concrete surface layer: on the plant cover concrete substrate layer, spray the plant cover concrete surface layer, make vegetation bag and hole closely knit, nonwoven soil moisture conservation maintenance is covered in the shop.
Also be added with root-inducing powder in the matrix, addition is to add 0.9-1.1g in every cubic metre of matrix.
Described paper material is an old and useless newspaper.
The matrix that is mixed with shrub seeds of packing in the vegetation bag is 2-4:16-18 with the aspect ratio of no seed matrix.
Shrub seeds uses the rooting powder solution seed soaking time to be 0.5-2 hour.
The vegetation bag placement direction is 45 ° with slope end horizontal sextant angle, and pure matrix end is put into scaffold hole or air drill hole, contains the seed end and flushes the plant cover concrete substrate layer.
Method of side slope being afforested through papery vegetation bag growth shrub provided by the invention adopts papery vegetation bag degradable pollution-free, both economizes on resources, and has protected ecotope again; Give full play to plant cover concrete and vegetation bag advantage separately, utilized the scaffold hole, realized the combination of plant cover concrete and vegetation bag, formed an organic whole; Improved and planted living environment, built the control environment of shrub seeds sprouting and primary growth, increased the survival rate of plant, realized the collocation of shrub and herbaceous plant space-time structure.Construction technology of the present invention is simple, and cost is lower, and the builder's yard is taken up an area of less, is with a wide range of applications.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is described further.
Fig. 1 is a floor plan of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the vegetation bag sketch map that matrix is housed.
Among the figure, 1, vegetation bag, 2, be mixed with the matrix of shrub seeds, 3, no seed matrix, 4, hole, 5, the plant cover concrete substrate layer, 6, the plant cover concrete surface layer, 7, domatic.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
(1) makes vegetation bag: adopt paper material to process an end opening, the cylindric vegetation bag of end sealing; The concrete practice is following: material adopts old and useless newspaper; Is the PVC making rod of 300mm through diameter for 44mm length, and it is 44mm that newspaper is rolled into diameter, and length is the three-ply paper matter cylinder vegetation bag of 200mm; And an end inflection 10mm, order the jail with stapler at the 5mm place and seal.
(2) preparation matrix: comprise sandy loam, AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, organic matter, water-loss reducer and efficient compound fertilizer in the matrix, in weight ratio: sandy loam: AB bacterium bio-fertilizer: organic matter: water-loss reducer: efficient compound fertilizer=4.6-5.2:2.7-3.2:1.3-1.6:0.18-0.22:0.25-0.32;
Matrix formulations 1: sandy loam 4.6Kg; AB bacterium bio-fertilizer 2.7Kg: organic 1.3Kg; Water-loss reducer 0.18Kg; Efficient compound fertilizer 0.25 Kg.
Matrix formulations 2: sandy loam 5.2Kg; AB bacterium bio-fertilizer 3.2Kg: organic 1.6Kg; Water-loss reducer 0.22Kg; Efficient compound fertilizer 0.32Kg.
Matrix formulations 3: sandy loam 5Kg; AB bacterium bio-fertilizer 3Kg: organic 1.5Kg; Water-loss reducer 0.2Kg; Efficient compound fertilizer 0.3 Kg.
Water-loss reducer is polyacrylamide or carboxymethyl cellulose type or cellulose type water-loss reducer or other water-loss reducers.
Described organic matter is one or more the mixture in sawdust, rice husk or the vinasse.
Efficient compound fertilizer is composed of the following components: nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, trace element, humic acid, and described nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer at least wherein two kinds exist simultaneously.
According to the above ratio, each material evenly is matrix after the mixing.
(3) shrub seeds is selected: according to the concrete condition of construction domatic 7 and the territorial environment of periphery, consider the principle of shrub and peripheral herbaceous plant landscape effect, select suitable shrub seeds;
(4) seed pack: with the rooting powder solution seed soaking, seed soaking time is 0.5-2 hour, packs into and the matrix 2 that is mixed with shrub seeds in vegetation bag 1 bottom, and the top no seed matrix 3 of packing into is sealed matrix in the bag after closely knit with vegetation bag 1; The matrix that is mixed with shrub seeds of packing in the vegetation bag 1 is 2-4:16-18 with the aspect ratio of no seed matrix, highly is 200mm like vegetation bag 1, and the matrix 2 that then is mixed with shrub seeds highly is 30mm, and no seed matrix 3 is packed into and highly is 170mm; The matrix 2 that is mixed with shrub seeds highly is 20mm, and no seed matrix is adorned 3 and gone into highly to be 180mm; The matrix 2 that is mixed with shrub seeds highly is 4mm, and no seed matrix 3 is packed into and highly is 160mm.According to the shrub growth needs, in matrix, also can add micro-root-inducing powder, the addition of root-inducing powder is every cubic metre of matrix 0.9-1.1g.
(5) vegetation bag is placed:
To no scaffold hole scar, adopt air drill the boring of place, crack to be arranged at rock mass, direction is 45 ° with slope end horizontal sextant angle on inclining, and spacing is about 2000mm * 2000mm, and the aperture is about 50mm, and hole depth is 100mm.
Domatic to scaffolding erecting, after spraying plant cover concrete substrate layer 5, vegetation bag 1 pure matrix end is put into scaffold remove the back reserving hole; Air drill boring is domatic, vegetation bag is put into the boring hole earlier spray the plant cover concrete substrate layer again;
The institute's preformed hole that scaffolds erecting reaches the hole that gets out with air drill, is referred to as hole 4, is used to place vegetation bag 1.
(6) lay the plant cover concrete surface layer: on plant cover concrete substrate layer 5, spray plant cover concrete surface layer 6, make vegetation bag and hole 4 closely knit, nonwoven soil moisture conservation maintenance is covered in the shop.

Claims (6)

1. method of side slope being afforested through papery vegetation bag growth shrub is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
(1) makes vegetation bag: adopt paper material to process an end opening, the cylindric vegetation bag of end sealing;
(2) preparation matrix: comprise sandy loam, AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, organic matter, water-loss reducer and efficient compound fertilizer in the matrix, in weight ratio: sandy loam: AB bacterium bio-fertilizer: organic matter: water-loss reducer: efficient compound fertilizer=4.6-5.2:2.7-3.2:1.3-1.6:0.18-0.22:0.25-0.32;
(3) shrub seeds is selected: according to construction domatic concrete condition and peripheral territorial environment, consider the principle of shrub and peripheral herbaceous plant landscape effect, select suitable shrub seeds;
(4) seed pack: with the rooting powder solution seed soaking, pack into and the matrix that is mixed with shrub seeds in the vegetation bag bottom, and the top no seed matrix of packing into is sealed matrix in the bag after closely knit with vegetation bag;
(5) vegetation bag is placed:
Domatic to scaffolding erecting, after spraying the plant cover concrete substrate layer, the pure matrix end of vegetation bag is put into scaffold remove the back reserving hole; Air drill boring is domatic, vegetation bag is put into the boring hole earlier spray the plant cover concrete substrate layer again;
(6) lay the plant cover concrete surface layer: on the plant cover concrete substrate layer, spray the plant cover concrete surface layer, make vegetation bag and hole closely knit, nonwoven soil moisture conservation maintenance is covered in the shop.
2. method of side slope being afforested through papery vegetation bag growth shrub according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also be added with root-inducing powder in the matrix, addition is to add 0.9-1.1g in every cubic metre of matrix.
3. method of side slope being afforested through papery vegetation bag growth shrub according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described paper material is an old and useless newspaper.
4. method of side slope being afforested through papery vegetation bag growth shrub according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the matrix that is mixed with shrub seeds of packing in the vegetation bag is 2-4:16-18 with the aspect ratio of no seed matrix.
5. the method for novel plant cover concrete growth shrub according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: shrub seeds uses the rooting powder solution seed soaking time to be 0.5-2 hour.
6. method of side slope being afforested according to claim 1 through papery vegetation bag growth shrub; It is characterized in that: the vegetation bag placement direction is 45 ° with slope end horizontal sextant angle; Pure matrix end is put into scaffold hole or air drill hole, contains the seed end and flushes the plant cover concrete substrate layer.
CN 201110377113 2011-11-24 2011-11-24 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes CN102498915B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110377113 CN102498915B (en) 2011-11-24 2011-11-24 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110377113 CN102498915B (en) 2011-11-24 2011-11-24 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102498915A true CN102498915A (en) 2012-06-20
CN102498915B CN102498915B (en) 2013-03-06

Family

ID=46211097

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201110377113 CN102498915B (en) 2011-11-24 2011-11-24 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102498915B (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103222377A (en) * 2013-04-03 2013-07-31 葛加君 Planting method for concrete matrix
CN103444414A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-18 凌爱秋 Efficient culture method of dragon fruits
CN104314087A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-28 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 Slope greening protective structure and construction method thereof
CN104770235A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-15 三峡大学 Multi-layered and multiporous ecological barrel for protective slope ecology and method for ecologically restoring and greening side slopes
CN109566225A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-04-05 岭南生态文旅股份有限公司 A kind of trees in side slope protection plant method deeply
CN109673400A (en) * 2019-01-03 2019-04-26 仲恺农业工程学院 A kind of rock slope quick recovery method
CN110150035A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-08-23 青海大学 A kind of ecological recovery method and system for big slope angle soil-slope
CN111011093A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 内蒙古蒙草矿山科技有限责任公司 High rainfall rapid and steep rocky slope greening method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005261269A (en) * 2004-03-17 2005-09-29 Furukawa Co Ltd Method for planting seedling
JP2005261402A (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-29 Yagashiro Zoen:Kk Planting vessel and vegetation structure formed by using the planting vessel
CN1810084A (en) * 2006-01-13 2006-08-02 北京师范大学 Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme
CN101213910A (en) * 2008-01-09 2008-07-09 卢正才 Method for using gridding plant biological bag to process greening slope
CN101507391A (en) * 2009-01-24 2009-08-19 邱玛丽 Rock slope-surface ecology treatment method
CN101904261A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-12-08 三峡大学 Method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB (Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005261402A (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-29 Yagashiro Zoen:Kk Planting vessel and vegetation structure formed by using the planting vessel
JP2005261269A (en) * 2004-03-17 2005-09-29 Furukawa Co Ltd Method for planting seedling
CN1810084A (en) * 2006-01-13 2006-08-02 北京师范大学 Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme
CN101213910A (en) * 2008-01-09 2008-07-09 卢正才 Method for using gridding plant biological bag to process greening slope
CN101507391A (en) * 2009-01-24 2009-08-19 邱玛丽 Rock slope-surface ecology treatment method
CN101904261A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-12-08 三峡大学 Method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB (Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103222377A (en) * 2013-04-03 2013-07-31 葛加君 Planting method for concrete matrix
CN103444414A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-18 凌爱秋 Efficient culture method of dragon fruits
CN104314087A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-28 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 Slope greening protective structure and construction method thereof
CN104314087B (en) * 2014-11-05 2016-09-14 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 A kind of side-slope greening and protection structure and construction method thereof
CN104770235A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-15 三峡大学 Multi-layered and multiporous ecological barrel for protective slope ecology and method for ecologically restoring and greening side slopes
CN109566225A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-04-05 岭南生态文旅股份有限公司 A kind of trees in side slope protection plant method deeply
CN109673400A (en) * 2019-01-03 2019-04-26 仲恺农业工程学院 A kind of rock slope quick recovery method
CN110150035A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-08-23 青海大学 A kind of ecological recovery method and system for big slope angle soil-slope
CN111011093A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 内蒙古蒙草矿山科技有限责任公司 High rainfall rapid and steep rocky slope greening method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102498915B (en) 2013-03-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104355943B (en) Desulfurized gesso of flue gas is modified alkaline land improving special fertilizer of preparation and preparation method thereof
CN101519966B (en) Method for comprehensively treating ecological environment of coal gangue hill
CN103362132B (en) A kind of construction method of cast-in-place greening concrete protective slope
CN104232099A (en) Modifier for acidic soil
CN103262692B (en) Water retention and fertilizer retention artificial soil spray seeding greening method
CN1182770C (en) Mixed planting material for rocky slope and its prepn and construction process
CN102652480B (en) Vegetation recovery method for acid metal mine solid waste stock dump
CN102513341B (en) Chemical-giant reed combined ecological recovery method of polymetal polluted soil in mining and metallurgy zones
CN106900342B (en) Integrated semi-lithologic high slope vegetation reconstruction protection method
CN1810084B (en) Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme
CN106638634A (en) Road rock slope vine ecological protection structure and construction method
CN102674962B (en) Matrix formula suitable for recovering ion type rare earth tailings vegetation
CN204238229U (en) Fiber crops coconut palm plants raw greening blanket
CN101748719A (en) Method of vegetation restoration and reconstruction of bare rock slope in East China
CN101891549B (en) Fulvic acid chelated nano element synergistic urea and preparation method thereof
CN202907427U (en) Saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device
CN105297745A (en) Protection method for high and steep side slope ecological restoration technology
CN101543168B (en) Method for planting vegetation on the karst area slope
CN107711170B (en) High and steep slope reinforcement greening device and method
CN102267846B (en) Sandy land fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107601980B (en) Cement reinforced and alkaline improved alien soil spray-seeding composite planting soil for slope protection, preparation and application
CN102584456B (en) Greening substrate of quarry waste muck as well as preparation method and application of greening substrate
CN106613470B (en) alkali-reducing plant growth base material suitable for vegetation concrete and preparation method thereof
CN102643137B (en) Microbial ecological brick and preparation method thereof
CN101288377A (en) Tree planting method in alkaline land

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: SHANHELIN (BEIJING) WATER AND SOIL CONSERVATION TE

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: SANXIA UNIVERSITY

Effective date: 20140917

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: XU WENNIAN YANG PING

Effective date: 20140917

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20140917

Address after: 100038 Fuxing Road, Beijing, Haidian District No. 1

Patentee after: Mountain forest (Beijing) water and Soil Conservation Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 443002 Yichang University Road, Hubei, No. 8

Patentee before: China Three Gorges University

Patentee before: Xu Wennian

Patentee before: Yang Ping

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 443002 YICHANG, HUBEI PROVINCE TO: 100038 HAIDIAN, BEIJING