CN102498915B - Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes - Google Patents

Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes Download PDF

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CN102498915B
CN102498915B CN 201110377113 CN201110377113A CN102498915B CN 102498915 B CN102498915 B CN 102498915B CN 201110377113 CN201110377113 CN 201110377113 CN 201110377113 A CN201110377113 A CN 201110377113A CN 102498915 B CN102498915 B CN 102498915B
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shrub
vegetation bag
matrix
bag
plant
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CN102498915A (en
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许文年
杨平
祝顺波
刘高鹏
许阳
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Mountain forest (Beijing) water and Soil Conservation Technology Co., Ltd.
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China Three Gorges University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes, which is characterized in that: matrix and seeds, which are suitable for the growth of shrubs, are filled inside a paper plant growing bag, the plant growing bag is arranged inside holes of the slide slope, and the shrub plant can normally grow on the side slopes. The paper plant growing bag is degradable and is free from pollution, so not only can the resource be saved, but also the ecological environment can be protected; the advantages of both the vegetation concrete and the plant growing bag can be adequately played, and holes of scaffolds can be used for realizing the reasonable combination of the vegetation concrete and the plant growing bag so as to form an organic integrity; and the plant growing environment is improved, adaptable environment for the seed sprouting and the primary growth of shrub can be created, the survival rate of the plant can be increased, and the coordination of the shrub and grass plant space-time structure can be realized.

Description

The method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub
Technical field
The present invention relates to the Rock Slope Engineering technical field that adopts the plant cover concrete technology to repair, be specifically related to adopt the papery vegetation bag to promote in the shrub production, to change most of shrub seeds ablastous phenomenon in plant cover concrete, realize the method for plant cover concrete normal growth shrub plant.
Background technology
Along with the positive fast development of domestic capital construction, hydroelectric development, road construction, ore extraction etc. so that slope excavating be seen everywhere, impact on ecotope is increasingly serious, correspondingly the protecting slope ecology engineering is also a lot, in the practice of construction process, owing to technical reason, the protecting slope ecology engineering is single draft protection mostly, shrub planting difficulty is the problem that always faces, and fills with careless collocation, Plant Diversity, ecoscape etc. and is difficult to take into account.
The side slope protection engineering is the early stage soil erosion of control, reach the slope ecological recovery effect, need to cooperate the careless plant protection of filling domatic, herbaceous plant is vigorous at domatic planting primary growth, shrub is then comparatively slow, the competition results of living space causes the shrub growth usually to be subject to very large inhibition between draft-Shrub Species, even because the unreasonable group that eliminated out fully of planting mode, this problem is not well solved so far.
Plant cover concrete slope ecological recovery technique has obtained certain achievement in the research aspect the careless collocation of filling, but because shrub seeds has stronger susceptibility to the cement in the plant cover concrete composition, test shows: cement to the sprouting of shrub seeds and the growth effect at initial stage greater than herbaceous plant, and domatic planting initial stage, there was interspecies competition in herbaceous plant with shrub on soil nutrient and living space, growth to shrub has obvious inhibitory action, the result causes the every growth parameter(s) of shrub to reduce, and later stage survival number descends.
Summary of the invention
The present invention be directed to shrub seeds in the plant cover concrete of voluntarily research and development germination rate and growth not as herbal situation, based on taking full advantage of plant cover concrete and vegetation bag advantage separately, by the scaffold hole, build the good environment of shrub seeds sprouting and primary growth, increase the survival rate (survival rate of shrub plant of plant, be increased to use by original less than 30% and be higher than 80% behind the present invention), realize the combination of plant cover concrete and vegetation bag, a kind of method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub is provided.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub may further comprise the steps:
(1) makes vegetation bag: adopt paper material to make an end opening, the cylindric vegetation bag of end sealing;
(2) preparation matrix: comprise sandy loam, AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, organic matter, water-loss reducer and efficient compound fertilizer in the matrix, in weight ratio: sandy loam: AB bacterium bio-fertilizer: organic matter: water-loss reducer: efficient compound fertilizer=4.6-5.2:2.7-3.2:1.3-1.6:0.18-0.22:0.25-0.32;
(3) shrub seeds is selected: according to construction domatic concrete condition and peripheral territorial environment, consider the principle of shrub and peripheral herbaceous plant landscape effect, select suitable shrub seeds;
(4) seed pack: with the rooting powder solution seed soaking, pack into and the matrix that is mixed with shrub seeds in the vegetation bag bottom, packs into without seed matrix in top, vegetation bag sealed after matrix in the bag is closely knit;
(5) vegetation bag is placed:
Domatic to scaffolding erecting, after spraying the plant cover concrete substrate layer, the pure matrix end of vegetation bag is put into scaffold remove rear reserving hole; Air drill boring is domatic, vegetation bag is put into first the boring hole spray the plant cover concrete substrate layer again;
(6) lay the plant cover concrete surface layer: spray the plant cover concrete surface layer at the plant cover concrete substrate layer, make vegetation bag and hole closely knit, spread and cover nonwoven soil moisture conservation maintenance.
Also be added with root-inducing powder in the matrix, addition is to add 0.9-1.1g in every cubic metre of matrix.
Described paper material is old and useless newspaper.
The matrix that is mixed with shrub seeds of packing in the vegetation bag be 2-4:16-18 without the aspect ratio of seed matrix.
Shrub seeds is 0.5-2 hour with the rooting powder solution seed soaking time.
The vegetation bag placement direction is 45 ° with slope end horizontal sextant angle, and pure matrix end is put into scaffold hole or air drill hole, contains the seed end and flushes the plant cover concrete substrate layer.
Method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub provided by the invention adopts papery vegetation bag degradable pollution-free, both economizes on resources, and has protected again ecotope; Give full play to plant cover concrete and vegetation bag advantage separately, utilized the scaffold hole, realized the combination of plant cover concrete and vegetation bag, formed an organic whole; Improved and planted living environment, built the control environment of shrub seeds sprouting and primary growth, increased the survival rate of plant, realized the collocation of shrub and herbaceous plant space-time structure.Construction technology of the present invention is simple, and cost is lower, and the construction site is taken up an area less, is with a wide range of applications.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is floor plan of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the vegetation bag schematic diagram that matrix is housed.
Among the figure, 1, vegetation bag, 2, be mixed with the matrix of shrub seeds, 3, without seed matrix, 4, hole, 5, the plant cover concrete substrate layer, 6, the plant cover concrete surface layer, 7, domatic.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
(1) makes vegetation bag: adopt paper material to make an end opening, the cylindric vegetation bag of end sealing; The concrete practice is as follows: material adopts old and useless newspaper, be that 44mm length is that the PVC of 300mm makes rod by diameter, it is 44mm that newspaper is rolled into diameter, and length is the three-ply paper matter cylinder vegetation bag of 200mm, and an end inflection 10mm, order the jail sealing at the 5mm place with stapler.
(2) preparation matrix: comprise sandy loam, AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, organic matter, water-loss reducer and efficient compound fertilizer in the matrix, in weight ratio: sandy loam: AB bacterium bio-fertilizer: organic matter: water-loss reducer: efficient compound fertilizer=4.6-5.2:2.7-3.2:1.3-1.6:0.18-0.22:0.25-0.32;
Matrix formulations 1: sandy loam 4.6Kg; AB bacterium bio-fertilizer 2.7Kg: organic 1.3Kg; Water-loss reducer 0.18Kg; Efficient compound fertilizer 0.25 Kg.
Matrix formulations 2: sandy loam 5.2Kg; AB bacterium bio-fertilizer 3.2Kg: organic 1.6Kg; Water-loss reducer 0.22Kg; Efficient compound fertilizer 0.32Kg.
Matrix formulations 3: sandy loam 5Kg; AB bacterium bio-fertilizer 3Kg: organic 1.5Kg; Water-loss reducer 0.2Kg; Efficient compound fertilizer 0.3 Kg.
Water-loss reducer is polyacrylamide or carboxymethyl cellulose type or cellulose type water-loss reducer or other water-loss reducers.
Described organic matter is one or more the mixture in sawdust, rice husk or the vinasse.
Efficient compound fertilizer is composed of the following components: nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, trace element, humic acid, and described nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer at least wherein two kinds exist simultaneously.
According to the above ratio, each material evenly is matrix after the mixing.
(3) shrub seeds is selected: according to the concrete condition of construction domatic 7 and the territorial environment of periphery, consider the principle of shrub and peripheral herbaceous plant landscape effect, select suitable shrub seeds;
(4) seed pack: with the rooting powder solution seed soaking, seed soaking time is 0.5-2 hour, packs into and the matrix 2 that is mixed with shrub seeds in vegetation bag 1 bottom, packs into without seed matrix 3 in top, matrix in the bag is closely knit after with vegetation bag 1 sealing; The matrix that is mixed with shrub seeds of packing in the vegetation bag 1 be 2-4:16-18 without the aspect ratio of seed matrix, highly be 200mm such as vegetation bag 1, the matrix 2 that then is mixed with shrub seeds highly is 30mm, packing into without seed matrix 3 highly is 170mm; The matrix 2 that is mixed with shrub seeds highly is 20mm, fills 3 without seed matrix and enters highly to be 180mm; The matrix 2 that is mixed with shrub seeds highly is 4mm, and packing into without seed matrix 3 highly is 160mm.According to the shrub growth needs, in matrix, also can add micro-root-inducing powder, the addition of root-inducing powder is every cubic metre of matrix 0.9-1.1g.
(5) vegetation bag is placed:
For without scaffold hole scar, adopt air drill at rock mass the boring of place, crack to be arranged, direction is 45 ° with slope end horizontal sextant angle on inclining, and spacing is about 2000mm * 2000mm, and the aperture is about 50mm, and hole depth is 100mm.
Domatic to scaffolding erecting, after spraying plant cover concrete substrate layer 5, vegetation bag 1 pure matrix end is put into scaffold remove rear reserving hole; Air drill boring is domatic, vegetation bag is put into first the boring hole spray the plant cover concrete substrate layer again;
The institute's preformed hole that scaffolds erecting reaches the hole that gets out with air drill, is referred to as hole 4, is used for placing vegetation bag 1.
(6) lay the plant cover concrete surface layer: spray plant cover concrete surface layer 6 at plant cover concrete substrate layer 5, make vegetation bag and hole 4 closely knit, spread and cover nonwoven soil moisture conservation maintenance.

Claims (6)

1. method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
(1) makes vegetation bag: adopt paper material to make an end opening, the cylindric vegetation bag of end sealing;
(2) preparation matrix: comprise sandy loam, AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, organic matter, water-loss reducer and efficient compound fertilizer in the matrix, in weight ratio: sandy loam: AB bacterium bio-fertilizer: organic matter: water-loss reducer: efficient compound fertilizer=4.6-5.2:2.7-3.2:1.3-1.6:0.18-0.22:0.25-0.32;
(3) shrub seeds is selected: according to construction domatic concrete condition and peripheral territorial environment, consider the principle of shrub and peripheral herbaceous plant landscape effect, select suitable shrub seeds;
(4) seed pack: with the rooting powder solution seed soaking, pack into and be mixed with the matrix of shrub seeds in the vegetation bag bottom, packs into without seed matrix in top, vegetation bag sealed after matrix in the bag is closely knit;
(5) vegetation bag is placed: domatic to scaffolding erecting, after spraying the plant cover concrete substrate layer, reserving hole after the pure matrix end of vegetation bag put into scaffold and remove makes to contain the seed end and flush the plant cover concrete substrate layer; Air drill boring is domatic, and vegetation bag is put into first the boring hole, makes to contain the seed end and flush the plant cover concrete substrate layer, sprays the plant cover concrete substrate layer again;
(6) lay the plant cover concrete surface layer: spray the plant cover concrete surface layer at the plant cover concrete substrate layer, make vegetation bag and hole closely knit, spread and cover nonwoven soil moisture conservation maintenance.
2. method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also be added with root-inducing powder in the matrix, addition is to add 0.9-1.1g in every cubic metre of matrix.
3. method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described paper material is old and useless newspaper.
4. method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the matrix that is mixed with shrub seeds of packing in the vegetation bag is 2-4:16-18 with aspect ratio without seed matrix.
5. method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: shrub seeds is 0.5-2 hour with the rooting powder solution seed soaking time.
6. method of side slope being afforested by papery vegetation bag growth shrub according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the vegetation bag placement direction is 45 ° with slope end horizontal sextant angle.
CN 201110377113 2011-11-24 2011-11-24 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes Active CN102498915B (en)

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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103222377B (en) * 2013-04-03 2014-03-19 陈春来 Planting method for concrete matrix
CN103444414A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-18 凌爱秋 Efficient culture method of dragon fruits
CN104314087B (en) * 2014-11-05 2016-09-14 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 A kind of side-slope greening and protection structure and construction method thereof
CN104770235A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-15 三峡大学 Multi-layered and multiporous ecological barrel for protective slope ecology and method for ecologically restoring and greening side slopes
CN109566225A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-04-05 岭南生态文旅股份有限公司 A kind of trees in side slope protection plant method deeply
CN109673400B (en) * 2019-01-03 2021-07-02 仲恺农业工程学院 Rapid restoration method for vegetation on rocky slope
CN110150035A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-08-23 青海大学 A kind of ecological recovery method and system for big slope angle soil-slope
CN111011093A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 内蒙古蒙草矿山科技有限责任公司 High rainfall rapid and steep rocky slope greening method

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JP2005261269A (en) * 2004-03-17 2005-09-29 Furukawa Co Ltd Method for planting seedling
JP2005261402A (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-29 Yagashiro Zoen:Kk Planting vessel and vegetation structure formed by using the planting vessel
CN1810084A (en) * 2006-01-13 2006-08-02 北京师范大学 Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme
CN101213910A (en) * 2008-01-09 2008-07-09 卢正才 Method for using gridding plant biological bag to process greening slope
CN101507391A (en) * 2009-01-24 2009-08-19 邱玛丽 Rock slope-surface ecology treatment method
CN101904261A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-12-08 三峡大学 Method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB (Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags

Patent Citations (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005261402A (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-29 Yagashiro Zoen:Kk Planting vessel and vegetation structure formed by using the planting vessel
JP2005261269A (en) * 2004-03-17 2005-09-29 Furukawa Co Ltd Method for planting seedling
CN1810084A (en) * 2006-01-13 2006-08-02 北京师范大学 Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme
CN101213910A (en) * 2008-01-09 2008-07-09 卢正才 Method for using gridding plant biological bag to process greening slope
CN101507391A (en) * 2009-01-24 2009-08-19 邱玛丽 Rock slope-surface ecology treatment method
CN101904261A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-12-08 三峡大学 Method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB (Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags

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