CN108633614A - A kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom - Google Patents

A kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108633614A
CN108633614A CN201810178490.2A CN201810178490A CN108633614A CN 108633614 A CN108633614 A CN 108633614A CN 201810178490 A CN201810178490 A CN 201810178490A CN 108633614 A CN108633614 A CN 108633614A
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Prior art keywords
parts
mushroom
oyster mushroom
greenhouse
canopy
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CN201810178490.2A
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Inventor
潘建生
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Xinping Jian Source Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Xinping Jian Source Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810178490.2A priority Critical patent/CN108633614A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/25Dry fruit hulls or husks, e.g. chaff or coir
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/27Pulp, e.g. bagasse

Abstract

The present invention relates to planting edible mushroom technical fields, and in particular to a kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom.The implantation methods include the following steps:(1) place is selected:(2) canopy body sterilizes:(3) preparation of culture medium:Cultivation matrix includes the following raw material counted in parts by weight:40~50 parts of corn flour, 20~25 parts of Soybean Meal, 10~25 parts of wheat stalk, 10~15 parts of cotton seed hulls, 0.9~1.5 part of quick lime, 1.3~1.5 parts of calcium superphosphate, 0.1~0.2 part of urea, 1~2 part of multi-vitamins etc.;(4) it is inoculated with:(5) management in canopy:(6) management of producing mushroom:(7) it harvests:The greenhouse cultivation method dependable performance of oyster mushroom provided by the invention solves the problems, such as that there are low outputs and inferior in the plantation of existing oyster mushroom.The cultural method can not only promote the robust growth of mycelia, and effectively improve the nutritional quality and mouthfeel of oyster mushroom, keep it more smooth fresh and tender.

Description

A kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting edible mushroom technical fields, and in particular to a kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom.
Background technology
Oyster mushroom is also known as oyster mushroom, black tree peony mushroom, a kind of edible fungus of Agaricales Pleurotaceae under Basidiomycota, principal item Pick up the ears including branched oyster mushroom, Florida, phoenix-tail mushroom etc., according to the adaptability to temperature can be divided into low form, middle warm type and High temperature modification kind, oyster mushroom eating mouth feel is fresh and tender, lubricious, taste is dense, tissue tight, is widely popularized as daily Pollution In Edible Mushroomss kind Plantation.It is egg to contain nutritional ingredients, the protein contents such as abundant protein, carbohydrate, reduced sugar in oyster mushroom 2.6 times, the amino acid and nutritional ingredient of needed by human body can be supplemented, oyster mushroom also has anti-aging, anti-oxidant, cancer-resisting, antibacterial The effect of anti-inflammatory, there is very high edible health to be worth.Since oyster mushroom likes temperature, winter temperature cannot meet growth needs, and one As using greenhouse plant.But there are low outputs and inferior problem for existing greenhouse gardening oyster mushroom, therefore have by simplicity The approach of effect is mushroom cultivation industry urgent problem to be solved to improve the production benefit of oyster mushroom and improve oyster mushroom quality.
Invention content
The present invention in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, provides a kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom to solve existing oyster mushroom There are low outputs and inferior problem in plantation.
The technical proposal of the invention is realized in this way:A kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom, which is characterized in that including with Lower step:
(1) place is selected:
Greenhouse mushroom cultivation place is far from pollution sources, and surrounding is without chemical plant or smokestack, poultry field, rubbish heap etc., traffic Convenient, draining is unimpeded, and water source cleaning is sufficient;Mushroom shed width is 8~10 meters, 40 meters long, and summer places 8000 bacterium bags, winter 10000 bacterium bags are placed, stays certain vacant lot as stock ground before mushroom shed, is used for the composting of culture medium, mushroom shed and stock ground face Product is than being 3: 1;
(2) canopy body sterilizes:
Greenhouse oyster mushroom will sterilize to canopy body before producing every time, be fumigated frequently with sterilization ling smoke agent, every per canopy Secondary general 5 boxes, are uniformly placed in canopy, light rear closed greenhouse 2 hours, and interval sterilizes 1 again after 1 day with identical method It is secondary, reach in canopy body safely without miscellaneous bacteria;
(3) preparation of culture medium:
Cultivation matrix includes the following raw material counted in parts by weight:40~50 parts of corn flour, 20~25 parts of Soybean Meal, wheat 10~25 parts of stalk, 10~15 parts of cotton seed hulls, 0.9~1.5 part of quick lime, 1.3~1.5 parts of calcium superphosphate, urea 0.1~0.2 Part, 1~2 part of multi-vitamins, 3~5 parts of complex enzyme, 3~10 parts of yeast agent, 2~5 parts of agent of lactic acid bacteria, 8~15 parts of vinasse; The compost acid-base value modulated is maintained at pH 7.5~7.8, and appropriate aqueous amount is 60%~65%, then with 100 DEG C or more High temperature persistently fumigate 12 hours, midway do not allow to cool down, be inoculated with after natural cooling;
(4) it is inoculated with:
Aseptically, the good high-quality three-class strain inoculation cultivation of activity is selected, when inoculation first unlocks bacterium bag mouth, uses The sterilized spoon of alcohol takes rapidly 10~15 grams of strain and is uniformly put on culture medium, the plastics of 5~6 centimetres of diameter of sack Ring blocks, and newspaper is used in combination to seal, rubber band on bundle, then with the other side of identical method inoculum bag;
(5) management in canopy:
Quick lime is spilt on inner greenhouse ground face to carry out disinfection sterilizing, and then the bacterium bag being inoculated with is moved into canopy in time and is discharged Neatly;When the bacterium germination stage keep canopy temperature at 25 DEG C, must reinforce when temperature is more than 30 DEG C it is aeration-cooling, once temperature decline after It to close the doors and windows rapidly, humid control is 80%;When the fruiting stage:After oyster mushroom shows button, it should be noted that ventilation, humidification, moisture pipe The few and diligent principle of to master is managed, optimum temperature is at 14~18 DEG C in holding canopy, and relative humidity is between 85%~90%;
(6) management of producing mushroom:
Illumination:Fruiting phase should take the paper in fungus block off, keep mycelia light-exposed, to accelerate the formation of former base, greenhouse plastic foil On one wide 1 meter of high straw screen or mat is taken every 0.5 meter, avoid that light is too strong and noon temperature is excessively high;
Temperature:16~18 DEG C of fruiting phase temperature, if noon temperature it is excessively high answer it is aeration-cooling, if night answered less than 5 DEG C Heat temperature raising;
Humidity:Mushroom carpophore growth phase is very high to humidity requirement, and general relative air humidity is wanted 85%~95% Ground moistening is often kept, need to be sprinkled water daily 2~3 times, spray form water;
Ventilation:Fructification stage oxygen demand increased, and increase ventilation rate, at noon temperature Gao Shiche It takes a breath at bottom;Hypha of Pleurotus ostreatus has thorough grasp compost, and former base can quickly form, and can be harvested after 5~6 days;
(7) it harvests:
It to be sufficiently spread out in mushroom lid, be harvested before not launching spore, when harvesting wants large and small and all takes off, and not leave injury Small mushroom body, plastic foil is wrapped again after having adopted, covers paper bacteria silk again, general 7 days, and start former base occur, in this way may be used Harvest 5~6 damp mushrooms.
Preferably, the cultivation matrix includes the following raw material counted in parts by weight:45 parts of corn flour, 22 parts of Soybean Meal, 15 parts of wheat stalk, 13 parts of cotton seed hulls, 1.2 parts of quick lime, 1.4 parts of calcium superphosphate, 0.15 part of urea, 1.3 parts of multi-vitamins, 4 parts of complex enzyme, 8 parts of yeast agent, 4 parts of agent of lactic acid bacteria, 12 parts of vinasse.
The processing method of the cultivation matrix is:Each raw material is weighed by the parts by weight, by corn flour, Soybean Meal, wheat The mixed-powder that stalk and cotton seed hulls and wheat bran screen after crushing by 150~200 the polished standard screens, by mixed-powder It is being stirred with quick lime, calcium superphosphate, urea, multi-vitamins part, complex enzyme, yeast agent, agent of lactic acid bacteria and vinasse Uniformly.
Further include intensity of illumination, the oxygen volumetric concentration 24~28% using 500~600lux in the step (5) It is persistently cultivated under part, and every 2~3 days spray a fungus block using oyster mushroom nutrient solution.
The oyster mushroom nutrient solution is made of following parts by weight material:10~25 parts of humic acid, 15~20 parts of humic acid, feather 2~6 parts of extracting solution, 2~5 parts of selenium-rich green tea extracting solution, 0.5~1 part of aminoacid chelating microelement, Flos Lonicerae extractive solution 1~4 Part, 0.1~0.3 part of matrine, 0.1~0.5 part of multiannensional-sine, 1~1.5 part of negative ion powder, 1~3 part of EM bacterium leavening agents, pure water 700~1000 parts.
Preferably, the oyster mushroom nutrient solution is made of following parts by weight material:15 parts of humic acid, 18 parts of humic acid, feather 5 parts of extracting solution, 3 parts of selenium-rich green tea extracting solution, 0.8 part of aminoacid chelating microelement, 3 parts of Flos Lonicerae extractive solution, matrine 0.2 Part, 0.3 part of multiannensional-sine, 1.3 parts of negative ion powder, 2 parts of EM bacterium leavening agents, 850 parts of pure water.
The invention solves the defect existing in the background technology, has the advantages that:
The greenhouse cultivation method dependable performance of oyster mushroom provided by the invention, solves in the plantation of existing oyster mushroom that there are yield Low and inferior problem.The cultural method can not only promote the robust growth of mycelia, and effectively improve the nutrition of oyster mushroom Quality and mouthfeel keep it more smooth fresh and tender.The culture of bacteria developing period and fruiting phase effectively facilitates the quick formation of fructification, has Effect promotes the bioconversion in cultivation matrix so that biological transformation ratio improves 15%~17%, effectively facilitates each nutritional ingredient Conversion and synthesis, oyster mushroom is big and strong, has higher nutritive value, and effectively avoids the generation of the mildew and rot phenomenon of oyster mushroom, to Production cost is effectively reduced, yield is improved.The culture medium of preparation provides oyster mushroom using corn flour, cotton seed hulls, wheat stalk etc. and gives birth to Long required carbon source and nitrogen source, to keep mycelia growth dense, fruit-body formation is early, is formed conducive to button, while increasing oyster mushroom Cellulose and lignin needed for growth.Complex enzyme, yeast agent and agent of lactic acid bacteria are conducive to the fermentation maturity of windrow.Using the training It supports base and plants oyster mushroom, oyster mushroom fruiting is stablized, and yield is high, and at low cost.It is periodically sprinkled by oyster mushroom nutrient solution, wherein containing abundant The nutritional ingredients such as amino acid, carbohydrate, minerals, it is possible to provide nutrition supply needed for mushroom growth.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1
A kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom, includes the following steps:
(1) place is selected:
Greenhouse mushroom cultivation place is far from pollution sources, and surrounding is without chemical plant or smokestack, poultry field, rubbish heap etc., traffic Convenient, draining is unimpeded, and water source cleaning is sufficient;Mushroom shed width is 8~10 meters, 40 meters long, and summer places 8000 bacterium bags, winter 10000 bacterium bags are placed, stays certain vacant lot as stock ground before mushroom shed, is used for the composting of culture medium, mushroom shed and stock ground face Product is than being 3: 1;
(2) canopy body sterilizes:
Greenhouse oyster mushroom will sterilize to canopy body before producing every time, be fumigated frequently with sterilization ling smoke agent, every per canopy Secondary general 5 boxes, are uniformly placed in canopy, light rear closed greenhouse 2 hours, and interval sterilizes 1 again after 1 day with identical method It is secondary, reach in canopy body safely without miscellaneous bacteria;
(3) preparation of culture medium:
Cultivation matrix includes the following raw material counted in parts by weight:45 parts of corn flour, 22 parts of Soybean Meal, wheat stalk 15 Part, 13 parts of cotton seed hulls, 1.2 parts of quick lime, 1.4 parts of calcium superphosphate, 0.15 part of urea, 1.3 parts of multi-vitamins, 4 parts of complex enzyme, 8 parts of yeast agent, 4 parts of agent of lactic acid bacteria, 12 parts of vinasse.The compost acid-base value modulated is maintained at pH 7.5~7.8, suitable for containing Water is 60%~65%, is then persistently fumigated 12 hours with 100 DEG C or more of high temperature, midway does not allow to cool down, and waits for certainly So it is inoculated with after cooling;
(4) it is inoculated with:
Aseptically, the good high-quality three-class strain inoculation cultivation of activity is selected, when inoculation first unlocks bacterium bag mouth, uses The sterilized spoon of alcohol takes rapidly 10~15 grams of strain and is uniformly put on culture medium, the plastics of 5~6 centimetres of diameter of sack Ring blocks, and newspaper is used in combination to seal, rubber band on bundle, then with the other side of identical method inoculum bag;
(5) management in canopy:
Quick lime is spilt on inner greenhouse ground face to carry out disinfection sterilizing, and then the bacterium bag being inoculated with is moved into canopy in time and is discharged Neatly;When the bacterium germination stage keep canopy temperature at 25 DEG C, must reinforce when temperature is more than 30 DEG C it is aeration-cooling, once temperature decline after It to close the doors and windows rapidly, humid control is 80%;When the fruiting stage:After oyster mushroom shows button, it should be noted that ventilation, humidification, moisture pipe The few and diligent principle of to master is managed, optimum temperature is at 14~18 DEG C in holding canopy, and relative humidity is between 85%~90%;Also wrap It includes the intensity of illumination using 500~600lux, persistently cultivated under the conditions of oxygen volumetric concentration 24~28%, and every 2~3 days use Oyster mushroom nutrient solution sprays a fungus block.Oyster mushroom nutrient solution is made of following parts by weight material:15 parts of humic acid, 18 parts of humic acid, 5 parts of feather extracting solution, 3 parts of selenium-rich green tea extracting solution, 0.8 part of aminoacid chelating microelement, 3 parts of Flos Lonicerae extractive solution, kuh-seng 0.2 part of alkali, 0.3 part of multiannensional-sine, 1.3 parts of negative ion powder, 2 parts of EM bacterium leavening agents, 850 parts of pure water.
(6) management of producing mushroom:
Illumination:Fruiting phase should take the paper in fungus block off, keep mycelia light-exposed, to accelerate the formation of former base, greenhouse plastic foil On one wide 1 meter of high straw screen or mat is taken every 0.5 meter, avoid that light is too strong and noon temperature is excessively high;
Temperature:16~18 DEG C of fruiting phase temperature, if noon temperature it is excessively high answer it is aeration-cooling, if night answered less than 5 DEG C Heat temperature raising;
Humidity:Mushroom carpophore growth phase is very high to humidity requirement, and general relative air humidity is wanted 85%~95% Ground moistening is often kept, need to be sprinkled water daily 2~3 times, best spray form water;
Ventilation:Fructification stage oxygen demand increased, and increase ventilation rate, at noon temperature Gao Shiche It takes a breath at bottom;Hypha of Pleurotus ostreatus has thorough grasp compost, and former base can quickly form, and can be harvested after 5~6 days;
(7) it harvests:
It to be sufficiently spread out in mushroom lid, be harvested before not launching spore, when harvesting wants large and small and all takes off, and not leave injury Small mushroom body, plastic foil is wrapped again after having adopted, covers paper bacteria silk again, general 7 days start former base occur again, can adopt in this way Receive 5~6 damp mushrooms.
The processing method of cultivation matrix of the present invention is:Weigh each raw material by the parts by weight, by corn flour, Soybean Meal, The mixed-powder that wheat stalk and cotton seed hulls and wheat bran screen after crushing by 150~200 the polished standard screens, will mix Powder is being stirred with quick lime, calcium superphosphate, urea, multi-vitamins part, complex enzyme, yeast agent, agent of lactic acid bacteria and vinasse It is uniformly mixed.
Embodiment 2
As different from Example 1,40 parts of corn flour, 20 parts of Soybean Meal, 10 parts of wheat stalk, 10 parts of cotton seed hulls, raw stone 0.9 part of ash, 1.3 parts of calcium superphosphate, 0.1 part of urea, 1 part of multi-vitamins, 3 parts of complex enzyme, 3 parts of yeast agent, agent of lactic acid bacteria 2 Part, 8 parts of vinasse;Oyster mushroom nutrient solution is made of following parts by weight material:10 parts of humic acid, 15 parts of humic acid, feather extracting solution 2 Part, 2 parts of selenium-rich green tea extracting solution, 0.5 part of aminoacid chelating microelement, 1 part of Flos Lonicerae extractive solution, 0.1 part of matrine, multidimensional 0.1 part of element, 1 part of negative ion powder, 1 part of EM bacterium leavening agents, 700 parts of pure water.
Embodiment 3
As different from Example 1,50 parts of corn flour, 25 parts of Soybean Meal, 25 parts of wheat stalk, 15 parts of cotton seed hulls, raw stone 1.5 parts of ash, 1.5 parts of calcium superphosphate, 0.2 part of urea, 2 parts of multi-vitamins, 5 parts of complex enzyme, 10 parts of yeast agent, agent of lactic acid bacteria 5 parts, 15 parts of vinasse;Oyster mushroom nutrient solution is made of following parts by weight material:25 parts of humic acid, 20 parts of humic acid, feather extracting solution 6 Part, 5 parts of selenium-rich green tea extracting solution, 1 part of aminoacid chelating microelement, 4 parts of Flos Lonicerae extractive solution, 0.3 part of matrine, multiannensional-sine 0.5 part, 1.5 parts of negative ion powder, 3 parts of EM bacterium leavening agents, 1000 parts of pure water.
The cultural method of the present invention can not only promote the robust growth of mycelia, and effectively improve the nutritional quality of oyster mushroom And mouthfeel, keep it more smooth fresh and tender.The culture of bacteria developing period and fruiting phase effectively facilitates the quick formation of fructification, effectively promotees Into the bioconversion in cultivation matrix so that biological transformation ratio improves 15%~17%, effectively facilitates the conversion of each nutritional ingredient And synthesis, oyster mushroom is big and strong, has higher nutritive value, and effectively avoids the generation of the mildew and rot phenomenon of oyster mushroom, to effectively Production cost is reduced, yield is improved.The culture medium of preparation provides mushroom growth institute using corn flour, cotton seed hulls, wheat stalk etc. The carbon source and nitrogen source needed, to keep mycelia growth dense, fruit-body formation is early, is formed conducive to button, while increasing mushroom growth Required cellulose and lignin.Complex enzyme, yeast agent and agent of lactic acid bacteria are conducive to the fermentation maturity of windrow.Using the culture medium Oyster mushroom is planted, oyster mushroom fruiting is stablized, and yield is high, and at low cost.It is periodically sprinkled by oyster mushroom nutrient solution, wherein containing abundant ammonia The nutritional ingredients such as base acid, carbohydrate, minerals, it is possible to provide nutrition supply needed for mushroom growth.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention With within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention god.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
(1) place is selected:
Greenhouse mushroom cultivation place is far from pollution sources, and surrounding is without chemical plant or smokestack, poultry field, rubbish heap etc., traffic convenience, Drain unimpeded, water source cleaning abundance;Mushroom shed width is 8~10 meters, 40 meters long, and summer places 8000 bacterium bags, and winter places 10000 bacterium bags stay before mushroom shed certain vacant lot as stock ground, are used for the composting of culture medium, and mushroom shed is 3 with stock ground area ratio ∶1;
(2) canopy body sterilizes:
Greenhouse oyster mushroom will sterilize to canopy body before production every time, be fumigated frequently with sterilization ling smoke agent, per canopy every time one As with 5 boxes, be uniformly placed in canopy, light rear closed greenhouse 2 hours, interval is sterilized 1 time after 1 day with identical method again, is reached Safely without miscellaneous bacteria in canopy body;
(3) preparation of culture medium:
Cultivation matrix includes the following raw material counted in parts by weight:40~50 parts of corn flour, 20~25 parts of Soybean Meal, wheat stalk 10~25 parts, it is 10~15 parts of cotton seed hulls, 0.9~1.5 part of quick lime, 1.3~1.5 parts of calcium superphosphate, 0.1~0.2 part of urea, multiple Close 1~2 part of vitamin, 3~5 parts of complex enzyme, 3~10 parts of yeast agent, 2~5 parts of agent of lactic acid bacteria, 8~15 parts of vinasse;It modulates Compost acid-base value be maintained at pH 7.5~7.8, appropriate aqueous amount is 60%~65%, then with 100 DEG C or more of high temperature It persistently fumigates 12 hours, midway does not allow to cool down, and is inoculated with after natural cooling;
(4) it is inoculated with:
Aseptically, the good high-quality three-class strain inoculation cultivation of activity is selected, when inoculation first unlocks bacterium bag mouth, uses alcohol Sterilized spoon takes rapidly 10~15 grams of strain and is uniformly put on culture medium, the plastic hoop card of 5~6 centimetres of diameter of sack Firmly, it is used in combination newspaper to seal, rubber band on bundle, then the other side with identical method inoculum bag;
(5) management in canopy:
Quick lime is spilt on inner greenhouse ground face to carry out disinfection sterilizing, then the bacterium bag being inoculated with is moved into canopy in time discharge it is whole Together;When the bacterium germination stage keep canopy temperature at 25 DEG C, must reinforce when temperature is more than 30 DEG C it is aeration-cooling, once temperature decline after want It closes the doors and windows rapidly, humid control is 80%;When the fruiting stage:After oyster mushroom shows button, it should be noted that ventilation, humidification, water management The few and diligent principle of to master, keep canopy in optimum temperature at 14~18 DEG C, relative humidity is between 85%~90%;
(6) management of producing mushroom:
Illumination:Fruiting phase should take the paper in fungus block off, keep mycelia light-exposed, every on greenhouse plastic foil to accelerate the formation of former base One wide 1 meter of high straw screen or mat is taken every 0.5 meter, avoids that light is too strong and noon temperature is excessively high;
Temperature:16~18 DEG C of fruiting phase temperature, if noon temperature it is excessively high answer it is aeration-cooling, if night should heat less than 5 DEG C Heating;
Humidity:Mushroom carpophore growth phase is very high to humidity requirement, and relative air humidity will often be kept 85%~95% Ground moistens, and need to sprinkle water daily 2~3 times, spray form water;
Ventilation:Fructification stage oxygen demand increased, and to increase ventilation rate, thoroughly be changed when temperature is high at noon Gas;Hypha of Pleurotus ostreatus has thorough grasp compost, and former base can quickly form, and can be harvested after 5~6 days;
(7) it harvests:
It to be sufficiently spread out in mushroom lid, be harvested before not launching spore, when harvesting wants large and small and all takes off, and not leave injured small Mushroom body, wraps plastic foil after having adopted again, covers paper bacteria silk again, and general 7 days start former base occur again, can harvest 5 in this way ~6 damp mushrooms.
2. the greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cultivation matrix includes pressing below The raw material of parts by weight meter:45 parts of corn flour, 22 parts of Soybean Meal, 15 parts of wheat stalk, 13 parts of cotton seed hulls, 1.2 parts of quick lime, mistake 1.4 parts of calcium phosphate, 0.15 part of urea, 1.3 parts of multi-vitamins, 4 parts of complex enzyme, 8 parts of yeast agent, 4 parts of agent of lactic acid bacteria, vinasse 12 parts.
3. the greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The processing method of the cultivation matrix For:Each raw material is weighed by the parts by weight, by 150 after corn flour, Soybean Meal, wheat stalk and cotton seed hulls and wheat bran are crushed The mixed-powder that~200 the polished standard screens are screened is given birth to by mixed-powder and quick lime, calcium superphosphate, urea, compound dimension Plain part, complex enzyme, yeast agent, agent of lactic acid bacteria and vinasse are being uniformly mixed.
4. the greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Further include making in the step (5) With persistently being cultivated under the conditions of the intensity of illumination of 500~600lux, oxygen volumetric concentration 24~28%, and every 2~3 days use oyster mushroom Nutrient solution sprays a fungus block.
5. the greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The oyster mushroom nutrient solution is by following heavy Amount part material is made:10~25 parts of humic acid, 15~20 parts of humic acid, 2~6 parts of feather extracting solution, selenium-rich green tea extracting solution 2~ 5 parts, 0.5~1 part of aminoacid chelating microelement, 1~4 part of Flos Lonicerae extractive solution, 0.1~0.3 part of matrine, multiannensional-sine 0.1 ~0.5 part, 1~1.5 part of negative ion powder, 1~3 part of EM bacterium leavening agents, 700~1000 parts of pure water.
6. the greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The oyster mushroom nutrient solution is by following heavy Amount part material is made:15 parts of humic acid, 18 parts of humic acid, 5 parts of feather extracting solution, 3 parts of selenium-rich green tea extracting solution, chelating amino acids 0.8 part of trace element, 3 parts of Flos Lonicerae extractive solution, 0.2 part of matrine, 0.3 part of multiannensional-sine, 1.3 parts of negative ion powder, the fermentation of EM bacterium 2 parts of agent, 850 parts of pure water.
CN201810178490.2A 2018-03-05 2018-03-05 A kind of greenhouse cultivation method of oyster mushroom Pending CN108633614A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110073900A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-02 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 A kind of culture medium for golden mushroom and its preparation method and application containing chicken feather degradation product
CN110622776A (en) * 2019-10-28 2019-12-31 广西壮族自治区农业科学院微生物研究所 Cultivation method for reducing heavy metal content of oyster mushrooms
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CN113396775A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-09-17 茅台学院 Method for cultivating oyster mushroom by utilizing Maotai-flavor vinasse and formula for cultivating vinasse oyster mushroom

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111742782A (en) * 2019-03-29 2020-10-09 徐立 Black fungus cultivation medium and preparation method thereof
CN110073900A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-02 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 A kind of culture medium for golden mushroom and its preparation method and application containing chicken feather degradation product
CN110073900B (en) * 2019-05-31 2022-03-11 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Flammulina velutipes culture medium containing chicken feather degradation product and preparation method and application thereof
CN110622776A (en) * 2019-10-28 2019-12-31 广西壮族自治区农业科学院微生物研究所 Cultivation method for reducing heavy metal content of oyster mushrooms
CN113396775A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-09-17 茅台学院 Method for cultivating oyster mushroom by utilizing Maotai-flavor vinasse and formula for cultivating vinasse oyster mushroom

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