CN108283066A - A kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108283066A
CN108283066A CN201810058236.9A CN201810058236A CN108283066A CN 108283066 A CN108283066 A CN 108283066A CN 201810058236 A CN201810058236 A CN 201810058236A CN 108283066 A CN108283066 A CN 108283066A
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parts
branch
chloranthus glaber
planting
level
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杨知君
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Jiangxi Gufang Original Chinese Herbal Medicine Co Ltd
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Jiangxi Gufang Original Chinese Herbal Medicine Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810058236.9A priority Critical patent/CN108283066A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber, including choosing cuttage, selection of land site preparation, field planting, managing a garden, timely collecting, during choosing cuttage, take root solution and base soil are prepared in selection meticulously, improve cutting plantation;During selection of land site preparation, the addition of self-prepared organic fertilizer can effectively reduce the death rate during Chloranthus glaber field planting;During the managing a garden in later stage, is hoed up weeds by top dressing, intertillage, the measures such as irrigation and drainage, adjusting and controlling growth, effectively increase the per mu yield of Chloranthus glaber.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural plantation technology fields, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber.
Background technology
Chloranthus glaber is Chloranthaceae perennial evergreen undershrub, is commonly called as spice all over the mountain, kwan-yin tea, nine joint flower, elder etc.. Its form is beautiful, four seasons fragrance, has high medicinal, edible and ornamental value.
Wild Chloranthus glaber is frequently grown the dark and damp place under the hillside of 400-1500 meters of height above sea level, Evergreen Broad-leaved Forest In The Valley.Suitable for temperature Warm moist climate, likes cool environment, avoids strong light direct beam and high temperature drying.Like that humus layer is deep, loose fertile, subacidity sand Loam avoids the heavy soil of barren, hardened, easy ponding.
Chloranthus glaber complete stool hyoscine, can clearing heat and detoxicating, expelling wind and activating blood flow, swelling and pain relieving, antibacterial anti-inflammatory.Cure mainly popular sexuality Emit, Japanese Type-B encephalitis, pneumonia, appendicitis, pelvic infecton, traumatic injury, rheumatic arthritis, amenorrhoea, infected wound, bacillary dysentery Deng.Also to treat the malignant tumours such as cancer of pancreas, gastric cancer, the carcinoma of the rectum, liver cancer, the cancer of the esophagus, there is alleviation, reduce lump, extend the longevity Life, improvement subjective symptoms and other effects, it is without side-effects.
In the prior art, when planting Chloranthus glaber, it is primarily present following deficiency:1, cutting plantation is generally not achieved 90%; 2, during being colonized, the death rate is higher, needs to reseed in time, increases the labor intensity of farmer;3, the growth of Chloranthus glaber Fertilizer is not guaranteed in journey, leads to the unhealthy growth of Chloranthus glaber so that the growth quality of Chloranthus glaber is poor, and growth is irregular not Together, the medical value of Chloranthus glaber can not perfectly embody.
Invention content
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber, to improve skewer Rooting rate is inserted, the death rate of field planting process is reduced and improves the yield and quality of Chloranthus glaber.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber, include the following steps:
A, a cuttage is selected:L-2 is chosen from the Chloranthus glaber plant of robust growth and gives birth to branch, is cut into long 10-15 centimetres of cuttings, It is bundled into wisp, its cardinal extremity is placed in taking root solution, the group of the solution of taking root becomes:Serine 0.5-1g/L, methionine 0.2-0.3g/L, gibberellin 1-1.5g/L, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 0.1-0.2g/L, heteroauxin 0.1-0.3g/L, ammonium nitrate 0.5-1g/L, Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8-1.2g/L, calcium chloride 0.7-0.9g/L, glucose 5-10g/L, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 0.3-0.6g/ L impregnates 10-30 minutes, in base soil of the cuttage in greenhouse, sprinkles profoundly water, and room temperature control in greenhouse is 20-27 DEG C, waits for that adventitious root is given birth to Length prepares field planting to 8-10cm;
B, selection of land site preparation:Under planting site selection adult masson pine forest, canopy density reach 45%-88%, select Nan Po, southwestern slope, east Nan Po, middle descending position, soil are in neutrality the plot of inclined subacidity;First short woody, herbaceous plant after site preparation planting site is selected It surgeries, is then ditched with the intervals 0.8m along contour, ditch specification is with wide × a height of:It is organic to apply self-control in ditch by 0.4m × 0.3m Fertilizer, loading is the 50%-75% of ditch depth, after inserting fertilizer, fills and leads up table soil;
C, it is colonized:Within the scope of masson pine forest trunk 60cm, Chloranthus glaber is not planted;Then in the ditch dug, by the skewer of step A Cutting is colonized by 0.6m × 0.6m line spaces, is sprinkled profoundly water;If it find that dead seedling is short of seedling after transplanting, band soil benefit must plant in time;
D, managing a garden:
(1)Top dressing:First month after field planting, per acre apply 500-800L quick-acting liquid manure, quick-acting liquid manure 10-30g/L containing urea, Potassium chloride 10-20g/L, calcium superphosphate 5-10g/L, manganese sulfate 0.5-1g/L, zinc sulfate 0.2-0.4g/L, sodium molybdate 0.1- 0.2g/L, copper sulphate 0.02-0.05g/L;Six month after field planting, apply the farm manure of 300-600kg per acre, farm manure is with pig Based on excrement;Since second year, annual late March, per acre apply 300-500L quick-acting liquid manure, annual the first tenday period of a month in September, Apply the farm manure of 300-500kg per acre;
(2)Intertillage is hoed up weeds:After Chloranthus glaber seedling survives, annual intertillage 1-2 times keeps loosing soil, it is ensured that planting site is without weeds;
(3)Irrigation and drainage:To keep ground moistening, arid season that should suitably pour water after field planting;Rainy season will drain in time;
(4)Adjusting and controlling growth:After height of seedling 80cm, trimming is carried out shaping in nature globular model or Y shape by tree crown, and carry out to trunk Topping, promotes the sprouting of branch, controls its dwarfing, and the branch newly germinated bends level-one branch to level as level-one branch, It controls growth direction, after fallen flowers, is blocked among level-one branch, retain the shoot on remaining level-one branch, and pressed It at level, cultivates into second branch, the branches such as three-level, level Four is obtained by same pruning method, in conjunction with pruning, control High 1.2m is set hereinafter, continuous shaping can form short dry low hat, ventilation and penetrating light tree-shaped for 2 years;
E, timely collecting:After selecting fine day dew dry when harvesting, timely collecting, careless coral are carried out according to different parts, different purposes Coral stalk cuts off plant when harvesting from 5-10cm from the ground, cleans and dries.
Further, base soil described in step A is made as follows:500 parts of fine earth is weighed by weight, then is admixed successively dry 5-10 parts of 20-50 parts husky, dry pig manure, dry 1-3 parts of duck excrement, 6-8 parts of rice bran, 1-2 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice, are fully mixed thoroughly to get base soil.
Further, self-prepared organic fertilizer described in step B is made as follows:50-80 parts of chicken manure, pig are weighed by weight 20-30 parts of excrement, 10-15 parts of cow dung, 20-40 parts of bean dregs, 10-20 parts of corn flour, 10-20 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice put into fermentation tank, heating To 30-32 DEG C, 0.15-0.35 parts of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and 0.02-0.06 parts of actinomyces are added, after fermenting 4-6 days, stop fermentation, Zymotic fluid is dry, granulation, obtains self-prepared organic fertilizer.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Cutting plantation is improved, the cost of farmer is reduced;Drop The death rate of low field planting process, it is possible to reduce the labor intensity of farmer;The yield and quality of Chloranthus glaber is improved, farmer is increased Economic well-being of workers and staff.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1:
A kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber, include the following steps:
A, a cuttage is selected:L is chosen from the Chloranthus glaber plant of robust growth and gives birth to branch, is cut into long 10 centimetres of cuttings, is bundled into Its cardinal extremity is placed in taking root solution by wisp, and the group of the solution of taking root becomes:Serine 0.5g/L, methionine 0.2g/L, Gibberellin 1g/L, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 0.1g/L, heteroauxin 0.1g/L, ammonium nitrate 0.5g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8g/L, calcium chloride 0.7g/L, glucose 5g/L, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 0.3g/L impregnate 10 minutes, in base soil of the cuttage in greenhouse, irrigate Water, room temperature control in greenhouse is 20 DEG C, waits for that adventitious root grows to 8cm, prepares field planting;
B, selection of land site preparation:Under planting site selection adult masson pine forest, canopy density reach 45%, select Nan Po, southwestern slope, southeast slope , middle descending position, soil are in neutrality the plot of inclined subacidity;First short woody, herbaceous plant is surgeried after site preparation planting site is selected , then ditched with the intervals 0.8m along contour, ditch specification is with wide × a height of:0.4m × 0.3m applies self-prepared organic fertilizer in ditch, fills Amount is the 50% of ditch depth, after inserting fertilizer, fills and leads up table soil;
C, it is colonized:Within the scope of masson pine forest trunk 60cm, Chloranthus glaber is not planted;Then in the ditch dug, by the skewer of step A Cutting is colonized by 0.6m × 0.6m line spaces, is sprinkled profoundly water;If it find that dead seedling is short of seedling after transplanting, band soil benefit must plant in time;
D, managing a garden:
(1)Top dressing:First month after field planting applies the quick-acting liquid manure of 500L, quick-acting liquid manure 10g/L containing urea, potassium chloride per acre 10g/L, calcium superphosphate 5g/L, manganese sulfate 0.5g/L, zinc sulfate 0.2g/L, sodium molybdate 0.1g/L, copper sulphate 0.02g/L;Field planting Six month afterwards, apply the farm manure of 300kg per acre, farm manure is based on pig manure;Since second year, annual three below the moon Apply the quick-acting liquid manure of 300L per acre in ten days, annual the first tenday period of a month in September apply the farm manure of 300kg per acre;
(2)Intertillage is hoed up weeds:After Chloranthus glaber seedling survives, annual intertillage 1 time keeps loosing soil, it is ensured that planting site is without weeds;
(3)Irrigation and drainage:To keep ground moistening, arid season that should suitably pour water after field planting;Rainy season will drain in time;
(4)Adjusting and controlling growth:After height of seedling 80cm, trimming is carried out shaping in nature globular model or Y shape by tree crown, and carry out to trunk Topping, promotes the sprouting of branch, controls its dwarfing, and the branch newly germinated bends level-one branch to level as level-one branch, It controls growth direction, after fallen flowers, is blocked among level-one branch, retain the shoot on remaining level-one branch, and pressed It at level, cultivates into second branch, the branches such as three-level, level Four is obtained by same pruning method, in conjunction with pruning, control High 1.2m is set hereinafter, continuous shaping can form short dry low hat, ventilation and penetrating light tree-shaped for 2 years;
E, timely collecting:After selecting fine day dew dry when harvesting, timely collecting, careless coral are carried out according to different parts, different purposes Coral stalk cuts off plant when harvesting from 5cm from the ground, cleans and dries.
Further, base soil described in step A is made as follows:500 parts of fine earth is weighed by weight, then is admixed successively dry 20 parts husky, 5 parts of dry pig manure, dry 1 part of duck excrement, 6 parts of rice bran, 1 part of the tea oil dregs of rice, are fully mixed thoroughly to get base soil.
Further, self-prepared organic fertilizer described in step B is made as follows:50 parts of chicken manure, pig manure are weighed by weight 20 parts, 10 parts of cow dung, 20 parts of bean dregs, 10 parts of corn flour, 10 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice, put into fermentation tank, be warming up to 30 DEG C, be added 0.15 part Nitrogen-fixing bacteria and 0.02 part of actinomyces stop fermentation, zymotic fluid is dry, granulation obtains self-prepared organic fertilizer after fermentation 4 days.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber, include the following steps:
A, a cuttage is selected:L.5 year life branch is chosen from the Chloranthus glaber plant of robust growth, is cut into long 12 centimetres of cuttings, bundle At wisp, its cardinal extremity is placed in taking root solution, the group of the solution of taking root becomes:Serine 0.8g/L, methionine 0.25g/L, gibberellin 1.2g/L, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 0.15g/L, heteroauxin 0.2g/L, ammonium nitrate 0.8g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.0g/L, calcium chloride 0.8g/L, glucose 8g/L, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 0.4g/L impregnate 20 minutes, and cuttage is in greenhouse Base soil in, sprinkle profoundly water, room temperature control in greenhouse is 25 DEG C, waits for that adventitious root grows to 9cm, prepares field planting;
B, selection of land site preparation:Under planting site selection adult masson pine forest, canopy density reach 65%, select Nan Po, southwestern slope, the southeast Slope, middle descending position, soil are in neutrality the plot of inclined subacidity;First short woody, herbaceous plant is cut after site preparation planting site is selected It removes, is then ditched with the intervals 0.8m along contour, ditch specification is with wide × a height of:0.4m × 0.3m applies self-prepared organic fertilizer in ditch, Loading is the 65% of ditch depth, after inserting fertilizer, fills and leads up table soil;
C, it is colonized:Within the scope of masson pine forest trunk 60cm, Chloranthus glaber is not planted;Then in the ditch dug, by the skewer of step A Cutting is colonized by 0.6m × 0.6m line spaces, is sprinkled profoundly water;If it find that dead seedling is short of seedling after transplanting, band soil benefit must plant in time;
D, managing a garden:
(1)Top dressing:First month after field planting applies the quick-acting liquid manure of 600L, quick-acting liquid manure 20g/L containing urea, potassium chloride per acre 15g/L, calcium superphosphate 8g/L, manganese sulfate 0.7g/L, zinc sulfate 0.3g/L, sodium molybdate 0.15g/L, copper sulphate 0.04g/L;Field planting Six month afterwards, apply the farm manure of 400kg per acre, farm manure is based on pig manure;Since second year, annual three below the moon Apply the quick-acting liquid manure of 400L per acre in ten days, annual the first tenday period of a month in September apply the farm manure of 400kg per acre;
(2)Intertillage is hoed up weeds:After Chloranthus glaber seedling survives, annual intertillage 2 times keeps loosing soil, it is ensured that planting site is without weeds;
(3)Irrigation and drainage:To keep ground moistening, arid season that should suitably pour water after field planting;Rainy season will drain in time;
(4)Adjusting and controlling growth:After height of seedling 80cm, trimming is carried out shaping in nature globular model or Y shape by tree crown, and carry out to trunk Topping, promotes the sprouting of branch, controls its dwarfing, and the branch newly germinated bends level-one branch to level as level-one branch, It controls growth direction, after fallen flowers, is blocked among level-one branch, retain the shoot on remaining level-one branch, and pressed It at level, cultivates into second branch, the branches such as three-level, level Four is obtained by same pruning method, in conjunction with pruning, control High 1.2m is set hereinafter, continuous shaping can form short dry low hat, ventilation and penetrating light tree-shaped for 2 years;
E, timely collecting:After selecting fine day dew dry when harvesting, timely collecting, careless coral are carried out according to different parts, different purposes Coral stalk cuts off plant when harvesting from 8cm from the ground, cleans and dries.
Further, base soil described in step A is made as follows:500 parts of fine earth is weighed by weight, then is admixed successively dry 30 parts husky, 7 parts of dry pig manure, dry 2 parts of duck excrement, 7 parts of rice bran, 1.5 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice, are fully mixed thoroughly to get base soil.
Further, self-prepared organic fertilizer described in step B is made as follows:60 parts of chicken manure, pig manure are weighed by weight 25 parts, 13 parts of cow dung, 30 parts of bean dregs, 15 parts of corn flour, 15 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice, put into fermentation tank, be warming up to 31 DEG C, be added 0.25 part Nitrogen-fixing bacteria and 0.04 part of actinomyces stop fermentation, zymotic fluid is dry, granulation obtains self-prepared organic fertilizer after fermentation 5 days.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber, include the following steps:
A, a cuttage is selected:2 years raw branches are chosen from the Chloranthus glaber plant of robust growth, are cut into long 15 centimetres of cuttings, are bundled into Its cardinal extremity is placed in taking root solution by wisp, and the group of the solution of taking root becomes:It is serine 1g/L, methionine 0.3g/L, red Mycin 1.5g/L, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 0.2g/L, heteroauxin 0.3g/L, ammonium nitrate 1g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.2g/L, calcium chloride 0.9g/L, glucose 10g/L, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 0.6g/L impregnate 30 minutes, in base soil of the cuttage in greenhouse, pour Permeable, room temperature control in greenhouse is 27 DEG C, waits for that adventitious root grows to 10cm, prepares field planting;
B, selection of land site preparation:Under planting site selection adult masson pine forest, canopy density reach 45%-88%, select Nan Po, southwestern slope, east Nan Po, middle descending position, soil are in neutrality the plot of inclined subacidity;First short woody, herbaceous plant after site preparation planting site is selected It surgeries, is then ditched with the intervals 0.8m along contour, ditch specification is with wide × a height of:It is organic to apply self-control in ditch by 0.4m × 0.3m Fertilizer, loading is the 75% of ditch depth, after inserting fertilizer, fills and leads up table soil;
C, it is colonized:Within the scope of masson pine forest trunk 60cm, Chloranthus glaber is not planted;Then in the ditch dug, by the skewer of step A Cutting is colonized by 0.6m × 0.6m line spaces, is sprinkled profoundly water;If it find that dead seedling is short of seedling after transplanting, band soil benefit must plant in time;
D, managing a garden:
(1)Top dressing:First month after field planting applies the quick-acting liquid manure of 800L, quick-acting liquid manure 30g/L containing urea, potassium chloride per acre 20g/L, calcium superphosphate 10g/L, manganese sulfate 1g/L, zinc sulfate 0.4g/L, sodium molybdate 0.2g/L, copper sulphate 0.05g/L;After field planting Six month, apply the farm manure of 600kg per acre, farm manure is based on pig manure;Since second year, annual late March, Apply the quick-acting liquid manure of 500L per acre, annual the first tenday period of a month in September apply the farm manure of 500kg per acre;
(2)Intertillage is hoed up weeds:After Chloranthus glaber seedling survives, annual intertillage 2 times keeps loosing soil, it is ensured that planting site is without weeds;
(3)Irrigation and drainage:To keep ground moistening, arid season that should suitably pour water after field planting;Rainy season will drain in time;
(4)Adjusting and controlling growth:After height of seedling 80cm, trimming is carried out shaping in nature globular model or Y shape by tree crown, and carry out to trunk Topping, promotes the sprouting of branch, controls its dwarfing, and the branch newly germinated bends level-one branch to level as level-one branch, It controls growth direction, after fallen flowers, is blocked among level-one branch, retain the shoot on remaining level-one branch, and pressed It at level, cultivates into second branch, the branches such as three-level, level Four is obtained by same pruning method, in conjunction with pruning, control High 1.2m is set hereinafter, continuous shaping can form short dry low hat, ventilation and penetrating light tree-shaped for 2 years;
E, timely collecting:After selecting fine day dew dry when harvesting, timely collecting, careless coral are carried out according to different parts, different purposes Coral stalk cuts off plant when harvesting from 10cm from the ground, cleans and dries.
Further, base soil described in step A is made as follows:500 parts of fine earth is weighed by weight, then is admixed successively dry 50 parts husky, 10 parts of dry pig manure, dry 3 parts of duck excrement, 8 parts of rice bran, 2 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice, are fully mixed thoroughly to get base soil.
Further, self-prepared organic fertilizer described in step B is made as follows:80 parts of chicken manure, pig manure are weighed by weight 30 parts, 15 parts of cow dung, 40 parts of bean dregs, 20 parts of corn flour, 20 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice, put into fermentation tank, be warming up to 32 DEG C, be added 0.35 part Nitrogen-fixing bacteria and 0.06 part of actinomyces stop fermentation, zymotic fluid is dry, granulation obtains self-prepared organic fertilizer after fermentation 6 days.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber, include the following steps:
A, a cuttage is selected:L-2 is chosen from the Chloranthus glaber plant of robust growth and gives birth to branch, is cut into long 14 centimetres of cuttings, bundle At wisp, its cardinal extremity is placed in taking root solution, the group for solution of taking root becomes:It is serine 0.7g/L, methionine 0.2g/L, red Mycin 1g/L, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 0.1g/L, heteroauxin 0.1g/L, ammonium nitrate 1g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8g/L, calcium chloride 0.8g/ L, glucose 8g/L, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 0.4g/L impregnate 18 minutes, in base soil of the cuttage in greenhouse, sprinkle profoundly water, temperature Room room temperature control is 25 DEG C, waits for that adventitious root grows to 10cm, prepares field planting;
B, selection of land site preparation:Under planting site selection adult masson pine forest, canopy density reach 45%-88%, select Nan Po, southwestern slope, east Nan Po, middle descending position, soil are in neutrality the plot of inclined subacidity;First short woody, herbaceous plant after site preparation planting site is selected It surgeries, is then ditched with the intervals 0.8m along contour, ditch specification is with wide × a height of:It is organic to apply self-control in ditch by 0.4m × 0.3m Fertilizer, loading is the 60% of ditch depth, after inserting fertilizer, fills and leads up table soil;
C, it is colonized:Within the scope of masson pine forest trunk 60cm, Chloranthus glaber is not planted;Then in the ditch dug, by the skewer of step A Cutting is colonized by 0.6m × 0.6m line spaces, is sprinkled profoundly water;If it find that dead seedling is short of seedling after transplanting, band soil benefit must plant in time;
D, managing a garden:
(1)Top dressing:First month after field planting applies the quick-acting liquid manure of 600L, quick-acting liquid manure 18g/L containing urea, potassium chloride per acre 14g/L, calcium superphosphate 7g/L, manganese sulfate 0.7g/L, zinc sulfate 0.2g/L, sodium molybdate 0.1g/L, copper sulphate 0.03g/L;Field planting Six month afterwards, apply the farm manure of 450kg per acre, farm manure is based on pig manure;Since second year, annual three below the moon Apply the quick-acting liquid manure of 450L per acre in ten days, annual the first tenday period of a month in September apply the farm manure of 450kg per acre;
(2)Intertillage is hoed up weeds:After Chloranthus glaber seedling survives, annual intertillage 2 times keeps loosing soil, it is ensured that planting site is without weeds;
(3)Irrigation and drainage:To keep ground moistening, arid season that should suitably pour water after field planting;Rainy season will drain in time;
(4)Adjusting and controlling growth:After height of seedling 80cm, trimming is carried out shaping in nature globular model or Y shape by tree crown, and carry out to trunk Topping, promotes the sprouting of branch, controls its dwarfing, and the branch newly germinated bends level-one branch to level as level-one branch, It controls growth direction, after fallen flowers, is blocked among level-one branch, retain the shoot on remaining level-one branch, and pressed It at level, cultivates into second branch, the branches such as three-level, level Four is obtained by same pruning method, in conjunction with pruning, control High 1.2m is set hereinafter, continuous shaping can form short dry low hat, ventilation and penetrating light tree-shaped for 2 years;
E, timely collecting:After selecting fine day dew dry when harvesting, timely collecting, careless coral are carried out according to different parts, different purposes Coral stalk cuts off plant when harvesting from 10cm from the ground, cleans and dries.
Further, base soil described in step A is made as follows:500 parts of fine earth is weighed by weight, then is admixed successively dry 35 parts husky, 7 parts of dry pig manure, dry 3 parts of duck excrement, 8 parts of rice bran, 1 part of the tea oil dregs of rice, are fully mixed thoroughly to get base soil.
Further, self-prepared organic fertilizer described in step B is made as follows:50 parts of chicken manure, pig manure are weighed by weight 20 parts, 10 parts of cow dung, 40 parts of bean dregs, 20 parts of corn flour, 20 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice, put into fermentation tank, be warming up to 32 DEG C, be added 0.35 part Nitrogen-fixing bacteria and 0.06 part of actinomyces stop fermentation, zymotic fluid is dry, granulation obtains self-prepared organic fertilizer after fermentation 6 days.
Comparative example 1:
Chloranthus glaber is during choosing cuttage, and without the immersion for solution of taking root, base soil is fine earth, remaining is the same as embodiment 1.
Comparative example 2:
During choosing cuttage, the composition for solution of taking root is changed to Chloranthus glaber:Gibberellin 1.2g/L, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 0.15g/L, indoles Acetic acid 0.2g/L, ammonium nitrate 0.8g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.0g/L, calcium chloride 0.8g/L, glucose 8g/L, P-hydroxybenzoic acid Methyl esters 0.4g/L, and without dry sand in base soil, remaining is the same as embodiment 2.
Comparative example 3:
During choosing cuttage, the composition for solution of taking root is changed to Chloranthus glaber:Serine 1g/L, methionine 0.3g/L, indoles Acetic acid 0.3g/L, ammonium nitrate 1g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.2g/L, calcium chloride 0.9g/L, glucose 10g/L, P-hydroxybenzoic acid Methyl esters 0.6g/L, and dry pig manure and dry duck excrement are free of in base soil, remaining is the same as embodiment 3.
Comparative example 4:
During choosing cuttage, the composition for solution of taking root is changed to Chloranthus glaber:It is serine 0.7g/L, methionine 0.2g/L, red Mycin 1g/L, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 0.1g/L, heteroauxin 0.1g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8g/L, calcium chloride 0.8g/L, and in base soil not Containing rice bran and the tea oil dregs of rice, remaining is the same as embodiment 4.
Comparative example 5:
During selection of land site preparation, self-prepared organic fertilizer is not applied in ditch, remaining is the same as embodiment 1.
Comparative example 6:
During selection of land site preparation, self-prepared organic fertilizer is applied in ditch, loading is the 30% of ditch depth, and interior the applied self-prepared organic fertilizer of ditch is logical Following steps are crossed to be made:13 parts of cow dung, 30 parts of bean dregs, 15 parts of corn flour, 15 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice, input fermentation are weighed by weight Tank is warming up to 31 DEG C, and 0.25 part of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and 0.04 part of actinomyces are added, and after fermenting 5 days, stops fermentation, by zymotic fluid Dry, granulation, obtains self-prepared organic fertilizer, remaining is the same as embodiment 2.
Comparative example 7:
During selection of land site preparation, self-prepared organic fertilizer is applied in ditch, loading is the 80% of ditch depth, and interior the applied self-prepared organic fertilizer of ditch is logical Following steps are crossed to be made:80 parts of chicken manure, 30 parts of pig manure, 15 parts of cow dung, 40 parts of bean dregs are weighed by weight, put into fermentation tank, are risen 0.35 part of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and 0.06 part of actinomyces are added to 32 DEG C in temperature, after fermenting 6 days, stop fermentation, zymotic fluid is dry, Granulation, obtains self-prepared organic fertilizer, remaining is the same as embodiment 3.
Comparative example 8:
During selection of land site preparation, self-prepared organic fertilizer is applied in ditch, loading is the 60% of ditch depth, and interior the applied self-prepared organic fertilizer of ditch is logical Following steps are crossed to be made:50 parts of chicken manure, 20 parts of pig manure, 10 parts of cow dung, 40 parts of bean dregs, 20 parts of corn flour, tea are weighed by weight 20 parts of oil meal puts into fermentation tank, is warming up to 32 DEG C, and 0.35 part of bacillus subtilis is added, and after fermenting 6 days, stops fermentation, will Zymotic fluid is dry, pelletizes, and obtains self-prepared organic fertilizer, remaining is the same as embodiment 4.
Comparative example 9:
Chloranthus glaber omits top dressing step, remaining is the same as embodiment 1 during managing a garden.
Comparative example 10:
Chloranthus glaber omits during managing a garden and intertills step of hoeing up weeds, remaining is the same as embodiment 2.
Comparative example 11:
Chloranthus glaber omits irrigation and drainage step, remaining is the same as embodiment 3 during managing a garden.
Comparative example 12:
Chloranthus glaber omits adjusting and controlling growth step, remaining is the same as embodiment 4 during managing a garden.
Experiment 1:The cutting plantation of comparing embodiment 1-4 and comparative example 1-4 the methods.
Test method:8000 Chloranthus glaber branches are taken, are divided into 8 groups, every group 1000, respectively with embodiment 1-4 and right Method described in ratio 1-4 sees that the cutting plantation situation of every group of branch, statistical data are shown in Table one.
Table one:Cutting plantation.
Experimental group Cutting plantation
Embodiment 1 99.2%
Embodiment 2 99.3%
Embodiment 3 99.3%
Embodiment 4 99.7%
Comparative example 1 65.8%
Comparative example 2 81.7%
Comparative example 3 70.6%
Comparative example 4 75.2%
It can be obtained by upper table data to draw a conclusion:The cutting plantation average out to of embodiment 1-4 the methods 99.37%, and the cutting plantation average out to 73.32% of comparative example 1-4 the methods;The especially cutting plantation of comparative example 1 Only 65.8%, and the cutting plantation of embodiment 4 is up to 99.7%, gap is apparent;Experiment proof, Chloranthus glaber of the present invention Cutting plantation has comparable progress.
Experiment 2:The field planting death rate of comparing embodiment 1-4 and comparative example 5-8.
Test method:800 plants of Chloranthus glaber cuttage seedings are taken, are divided into 8 groups, every group 100 plants, respectively with embodiment 1-4 and right Method field planting described in ratio 5-8, sees that every group of the field planting death rate, statistical data are shown in Table two.
Experimental group Dead strain number It is colonized the death rate
Embodiment 1 1 1%
Embodiment 2 0 0
Embodiment 3 1 1%
Embodiment 4 0 0
Comparative example 5 11 11%
Comparative example 6 7 7%
Comparative example 7 6 6%
Comparative example 8 6 6%
It can be obtained by upper table data to draw a conclusion:The field planting death rate average out to 0.5% of embodiment 1-4 the methods, And the field planting death rate average out to 7.5% of comparative example 5-8 the methods, the death rate of comparative example are 15 times of the embodiment death rate; It can be seen that method of the present invention has comparable progress.
Experiment 3:The Chloranthus glaber yield of comparing embodiment 1-4 and comparative example 9-12.
Test method:Respectively in the method described in embodiment 1-4 and comparative example 9-12, the Chloranthus glaber of 1 mu of plantation, 2 years Afterwards, plant is cut off from 10cm from the ground when Chloranthus glaber harvests, sees that the per mu yield of every group of Chloranthus glaber, statistical data are shown in Table three.
Experimental group Chloranthus glaber per mu yield(kg)
Embodiment 1 1125
Embodiment 2 1134
Embodiment 3 1145
Embodiment 4 1211
Comparative example 9 559
Comparative example 10 720
Comparative example 11 739
Comparative example 12 697
It can be obtained by upper table data to draw a conclusion:The Chloranthus glaber per mu yield average out to of embodiment 1-4 the methods plantation 1153.7kg, and the Chloranthus glaber per mu yield average out to 678.8kg of comparative example 9-12 the methods plantation;Especially comparative example 9 Chloranthus glaber per mu yield is only 559kg, only the 48.5% of the Chloranthus glaber per mu yield of embodiment 1-4 the methods plantation;It can be seen that Chloranthus glaber implantation methods of the present invention have comparable progress in terms of improving Chloranthus glaber yield, can be that farmer brings very Good income.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
A, a cuttage is selected:L-2 is chosen from the Chloranthus glaber plant of robust growth and gives birth to branch, is cut into long 10-15 centimetres of cuttings, It is bundled into wisp, its cardinal extremity is placed in taking root solution, the group of the solution of taking root becomes:Serine 0.5-1g/L, methionine 0.2-0.3g/L, gibberellin 1-1.5g/L, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 0.1-0.2g/L, heteroauxin 0.1-0.3g/L, ammonium nitrate 0.5-1g/L, Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8-1.2g/L, calcium chloride 0.7-0.9g/L, glucose 5-10g/L, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 0.3-0.6g/ L impregnates 10-30 minutes, in base soil of the cuttage in greenhouse, sprinkles profoundly water, and room temperature control in greenhouse is 20-27 DEG C, waits for that adventitious root is given birth to Length prepares field planting to 8-10cm;
B, selection of land site preparation:Under planting site selection adult masson pine forest, canopy density reach 45%-88%, select Nan Po, southwestern slope, east Nan Po, middle descending position, soil are in neutrality the plot of inclined subacidity;First short woody, herbaceous plant after site preparation planting site is selected It surgeries, is then ditched with the intervals 0.8m along contour, ditch specification is with wide × a height of:It is organic to apply self-control in ditch by 0.4m × 0.3m Fertilizer, loading is the 50%-75% of ditch depth, after inserting fertilizer, fills and leads up table soil;
C, it is colonized:Within the scope of masson pine forest trunk 60cm, Chloranthus glaber is not planted;Then in the ditch dug, by the skewer of step A Cutting is colonized by 0.6m × 0.6m line spaces, is sprinkled profoundly water;If it find that dead seedling is short of seedling after transplanting, band soil benefit must plant in time;
D, managing a garden:
(1)Top dressing:First month after field planting, per acre apply 500-800L quick-acting liquid manure, quick-acting liquid manure 10-30g/L containing urea, Potassium chloride 10-20g/L, calcium superphosphate 5-10g/L, manganese sulfate 0.5-1g/L, zinc sulfate 0.2-0.4g/L, sodium molybdate 0.1- 0.2g/L, copper sulphate 0.02-0.05g/L;Six month after field planting, apply the farm manure of 300-600kg per acre, farm manure is with pig Based on excrement;Since second year, annual late March, per acre apply 300-500L quick-acting liquid manure, annual the first tenday period of a month in September, Apply the farm manure of 300-500kg per acre;
(2)Intertillage is hoed up weeds:After Chloranthus glaber seedling survives, annual intertillage 1-2 times keeps loosing soil, it is ensured that planting site is without weeds;
(3)Irrigation and drainage:To keep ground moistening, arid season that should suitably pour water after field planting;Rainy season will drain in time;
(4)Adjusting and controlling growth:After height of seedling 80cm, trimming is carried out shaping in nature globular model or Y shape by tree crown, and carry out to trunk Topping, promotes the sprouting of branch, controls its dwarfing, and the branch newly germinated bends level-one branch to level as level-one branch, It controls growth direction, after fallen flowers, is blocked among level-one branch, retain the shoot on remaining level-one branch, and pressed It at level, cultivates into second branch, the branches such as three-level, level Four is obtained by same pruning method, in conjunction with pruning, control High 1.2m is set hereinafter, continuous shaping can form short dry low hat, ventilation and penetrating light tree-shaped for 2 years;
E, timely collecting:After selecting fine day dew dry when harvesting, timely collecting, careless coral are carried out according to different parts, different purposes Coral stalk cuts off plant when harvesting from 5-10cm from the ground, cleans and dries.
2. a kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber according to claim 1, which is characterized in that base soil described in step A passes through such as Lower step is made:500 parts of fine earth is weighed by weight, then admixes dry 20-50 parts of sand, pig manure 5-10 parts dry, dry duck excrement 1-3 successively Part, 6-8 parts of rice bran, 1-2 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice are fully mixed thoroughly to get base soil.
3. a kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber according to claim 1, which is characterized in that self-prepared organic fertilizer described in step B It is made as follows:Weigh by weight 50-80 parts of chicken manure, 20-30 parts of pig manure, 10-15 parts of cow dung, 20-40 parts of bean dregs, 10-20 parts of corn flour, 10-20 parts of the tea oil dregs of rice put into fermentation tank, are warming up to 30-32 DEG C, and 0.15-0.35 parts of nitrogen-fixing bacteria are added With 0.02-0.06 parts of actinomyces, after fermenting 4-6 days, stop fermentation, zymotic fluid is dry, granulation obtains self-prepared organic fertilizer.
CN201810058236.9A 2018-01-22 2018-01-22 A kind of implantation methods of Chloranthus glaber Pending CN108283066A (en)

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