CN107950348A - Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device and its construction method - Google Patents

Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107950348A
CN107950348A CN201711418297.3A CN201711418297A CN107950348A CN 107950348 A CN107950348 A CN 107950348A CN 201711418297 A CN201711418297 A CN 201711418297A CN 107950348 A CN107950348 A CN 107950348A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hydraulic cylinder
motor
inner support
blade
trees
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711418297.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许生安
Original Assignee
许生安
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201711418297.3A priority Critical patent/CN107950348A/en
Publication of CN107950348A publication Critical patent/CN107950348A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees
    • A01G23/043Transplanting devices for grasping, undercutting or transporting the root ball

Abstract

Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device, including inner support, it is characterized in that, the side of the inner support is equipped with outer moving wheel carrier, the interior moving wheel carrier that displacement is promoted by hydraulic cylinder one is additionally provided with inner support, the hydraulic cylinder one is fixed on support arm, and outer moving wheel carrier and interior moving wheel carrier include being laid in the head pulley at frame body rear and the universal wheel being laid in front of frame body;Beneficial effects of the present invention:It by rational structure design, can automatically dig pit, will be filled under sapling kind, speed is fast, and construction efficiency is high, is adapted to promote the use of.

Description

Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of roadside greening trees auxiliary cultivation device and its construction method, belongs to municipal works technology neck Domain.
Background technology
Landscape Architecture is one of most important link in road landscape environment, and the quality positioned at the building of both sides of the road is Weigh a major criterion of city taste.The space characteristics of road are largely by the shape of both sides of the road structures Formula, function, eye impressions and social function are determined, and the continuous and clear and definite boundary that both sides of the road structures are formed Face --- alien invasion --- is the road or even whole urban landscape is produced the uniquely leading sexual factor of distinct personality, specific table It is now the height of both sides of the road structures, Elevation style, scale, color, texture etc..
Plant trees equipment as an Application No. CN107006336A discloses a kind of automatic turning weeds for mountain forest plantation, bag Tree planting machine is included, backfill plate is installed on the left of the tree planting machine, infrared ray sensor is installed in the lower left of tree planting machine, red Backfill board motor is installed on the right side of outside line sensor, front wheels and rear wheels are installed in the bottom of tree planting machine, in the upper of tree planting machine Case of planting trees is installed on the left of surface, sapling box is installed on the right side of case of planting trees, steering wheel is installed on the right side of sapling box, Base is installed on the right side of steering wheel, touch-screen is installed in the upper surface of base, is connected with and leans against above the right side of base Plate;The automatic turning weeds for being used for mountain forest plantation are planted trees equipment, backfill plate due to setting so that device is not required to when digging pit and planting trees Want manpower to fill out hole, realize that hole is filled out in automation, improve efficiency of planting trees, infrared ray sensor is set so that device energy automatic detecting machine Device realizes the depth that automatic decision is digged pit to the distance in face.
And for example an Application No. CN203563460U discloses a kind of forestry transplanting support for protecting tree, and the forestry moves Plant support for protecting tree and include one first ring and one second ring, first ring is equipped with what is be made of the first cross bar First cross bar array, the head of first cross bar are respectively equipped with one second cross bar and one the 3rd cross bar, and described second is horizontal An adjustable backplate is respectively equipped between bar and the 3rd cross bar.The forestry transplanting support for protecting tree of the utility model utilizes the One cross bar, the second cross bar and the 3rd cross bar, user with the position of easy adjustment backplate, can be allowed to the master of closely support trees It is dry, the fastness and reliability of the support to transplanting trees are substantially increased, improves the survival rate of transplanting tree.The forestry moves It is simple in structure to plant support for protecting tree, it is easy to adjust, it is highly practical.
The green plants plantation of existing road both sides is all to need manually to be digged pit, and is then sent sapling by truck Come, so can be time-consuming and laborious, speed of application is slow, and the duration is longer.
The content of the invention
The present invention overcomes problem existing in the prior art, it is proposed that a kind of roadside greening trees auxiliary cultivation device and its Construction method, the present invention utilize rational structure design, can automatically dig pit, will be filled under sapling kind, speed is fast, construction efficiency It is high.
The concrete technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device, including inner support, it is characterised in that the side of the inner support is equipped with outer Moving wheel carrier, the interior moving wheel carrier that displacement is promoted by hydraulic cylinder one is additionally provided with inner support, and the hydraulic cylinder one is fixed on outer On stent, outer moving wheel carrier and interior moving wheel carrier include being laid in the head pulley at frame body rear and are laid in universal in front of frame body Wheel;
The inner side of the support arm is also embedded with exsertile inner support, and the inner support is equipped with conduit, movable stand installation Between inner support, the movable stand is promoted by hydraulic cylinder two and moved back and forth in conduit, and hydraulic cylinder two is fixed on inner support Centre, is provided with supporting plate on the movable stand, and the holding claw that folding is controlled by hydraulic cylinder three is provided with supporting plate;The inner support One end be also equipped with hydraulic cylinder four, the other end of inner support is withstood on support arm;The decentralization of hydraulic cylinder four is connected with extending foot.
Preferentially, it is connected with sliding bar on the movable stand, is rack structure on the inside of the sliding bar, the slip rod set There is sliding sleeve, motor one is installed on the sliding sleeve and drives the wheel and rack structure of movement to be meshed, the sliding sleeve leads to The drive for crossing motor moves back and forth on sliding bar, dredges and buries mud device on sliding sleeve.
Preferentially, described dredge buries mud device and includes being fixed on hydraulic lifting post above sliding sleeve, the hydraulic lifting The top of column is hinged with connecting rod, and the connecting rod is hinged with movable stand;The bottom of the hydraulic lifting post is connected with storage mud frame, blade Frame is connected on storage mud frame;
The four sides of the blade holder is equipped with connecting rod and dredges blade, and the connecting rod is rotated by chain drive blade of dredging Operation;It is also equipped with motor two in the blade holder, the motor two-way is overdrived worm and gear motion transmission link motion;
It is connected in the blade holder equipped with spiral sliding surface in the gap between blade of dredging, the center installation of spiral sliding surface There is newel, the newel is equipped with multiple openings, and screw rod is laid in newel, and drive is provided with the top of newel The rotating motor three of screw rod.
Based on above device, the invention also provides a kind of construction method of roadside greening trees auxiliary cultivation device, its It is characterized in that, includes the following steps:
1) outer moving wheel carrier is promoted to advance its spacing between interior moving wheel carrier of adjustment by using hydraulic cylinder one to fit Answer different size of trees and construction requirement;
2) trees to be planted are placed in holding claw, control holding claw to firmly grasp trees by hydraulic cylinder three, led by engineering Draw car and device is drawn to construction location;
3) device is stabilized by the way that hydraulic cylinder four is transferred extending foot;Start motor two and drive blade rotation of dredging, this When by hydraulic lifting post drive blade holder decline start to dig pit;
4) blade of dredging is done clockwise movement and be involved in soil by the driving of motor two first to be had in spiral sliding surface, spiral at this time Bar by motor three drive do clockwise movement will involve in come soil drive upwards be moved into storage mud frame in preserve;
5) after hole is dug well, hydraulic lifting post drives blade holder to rise, and controls holding claw to open by hydraulic cylinder three, and pass through Trees are erected and are put into hole by crane;
6) screw rod is controlled to do counterclockwise movement by motor three, while motor two drives blade of dredging also to do fortune counterclockwise It is dynamic, the soil stored up in mud frame is entered into spiral sliding surface the blade place of pulling out of being dredged by screw rod submitting and is returned in hole, is passed through Manually soil leveling is buried tightly, construction terminates.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:It by rational structure design, can automatically dig pit, will be filled under sapling kind, speed It hurry up, construction efficiency is high, is adapted to promote the use of.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart that roadside greening trees of the present invention aid in cultivation device;
Fig. 2 is the front view that roadside greening trees of the present invention aid in cultivation device;
Fig. 3 dredges for the present invention and buries the structure chart of mud device;.
Fig. 4 be the present invention dredge bury mud device split cut-away view.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in the figure, roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device, including inner support 8, the side of the inner support 8 is equipped with outer Moving wheel carrier 51, the interior moving wheel carrier 50 that displacement is promoted by hydraulic cylinder 1, the hydraulic cylinder 1 are additionally provided with inner support 8 It is fixed on support arm 8, outer moving wheel carrier 51 and interior moving wheel carrier 50 include being laid in the head pulley 1 at frame body rear and be laid in Universal wheel 15 in front of frame body.
The inner side of support arm 8 is also embedded with exsertile inner support 7, and inner support 7 is extended in support arm 8, this sampling device Entire length elongated will not be applicable in the sapling of different different lengths.The inner support 7 is equipped with conduit 52, and movable stand 9 is pacified Between inner support 7, the movable stand 9 is promoted by hydraulic cylinder 2 13 and moved back and forth in conduit 52, and hydraulic cylinder 2 13 is fixed Supporting plate 10 is installed on the centre of inner support 7, the movable stand 9, is provided with supporting plate 10 and is opened by the control of hydraulic cylinder 3 12 The holding claw 11 of conjunction;One end of the inner support 7 is also equipped with hydraulic cylinder 42, and the other end of inner support 7 is withstood on support arm 8;Liquid The decentralization of cylinder pressure 42 is connected with extending foot 3.
Sliding bar 5 is connected with movable stand 9, the inner side of sliding bar 5 is rack structure, and the sliding bar 5 is cased with sliding 6 are covered, motor one is installed on the sliding sleeve 6 and drives the wheel and rack structure of movement to be meshed, the sliding sleeve 6 passes through electricity The drive of machine moves back and forth on sliding bar 5, dredges and buries mud device 4 on sliding sleeve 6.It is of different sizes due to sapling, Therefore dig pit-size it is also different, dig out different size of hole to adjust, dredge bury mud device 4 can be in one band of motor Moved under dynamic along sliding bar 5, so the diameter in hole can be made to become larger, meet construction demand.
Dredge and bury mud device 4 and include being fixed on hydraulic lifting post 420 above sliding sleeve 6, the hydraulic lifting post 420 Top is hinged with connecting rod 54, and the connecting rod 54 is hinged with movable stand 9;The bottom of the hydraulic lifting post 420 is connected with storage mud frame 407, blade holder 421 is connected on storage mud frame 407.
The four sides of blade holder 421 is equipped with connecting rod 401 and blade 406 of dredging, and the quantity for blade 406 of dredging is multiple, and Row's installation, carries out linkage operation, such speed of application is fast.The connecting rod 401 drives blade 406 of dredging to rotate by chain 405 Operation;Motor 2 403 is also equipped with the blade holder 421, the motor 2 403 is by driving the movement of worm and gear 404 to pass Dynamic connecting rod 401 moves.
It is connected in blade holder 421 equipped with spiral sliding surface 417 in the gap between blade 406 of dredging, spiral sliding surface 417 Center is provided with newel 416, and the newel 416 is equipped with multiple openings 415, and screw rod 413 is laid in newel 416 Interior, the top of newel 416, which is provided with, drives the rotating motor 3 411 of screw rod 413.Motor 3 411 and motor 2 403 are adopted Motor is controlled with PLC, forward or reverse can be so carried out and drive its corresponding workpiece work.
Based on above device, the invention also provides a kind of construction method of roadside greening trees auxiliary cultivation device, its It is characterized in that, includes the following steps:
1) advance by using the outer moving wheel carrier 51 of the promotion of hydraulic cylinder 1 between adjusting it between interior moving wheel carrier 50 Away from adapting to different size of trees and construction requirement;
2) trees to be planted are placed in holding claw 11, control holding claw 11 to firmly grasp trees by hydraulic cylinder 3 12, pass through Device is drawn to construction location by combat engineer tractor;
3) by the way that the decentralization extending foot 3 of hydraulic cylinder 42 is stabilized device;Start motor 2 403 and drive blade 406 of dredging Rotation, drives blade holder 421 to decline and starts to dig pit by hydraulic lifting post 420 at this time;
4) blade 406 of dredging is done clockwise movement and be involved in soil by the driving of motor 2 403 first spiral sliding surface 417 It is interior, at this time screw rod 413 by motor 3 411 drive do clockwise movement will involve in come soil drive be moved into storage mud upwards Preserved in frame 407;
5) after hole is dug well, hydraulic lifting post 420 drives blade holder 421 to rise, and passes through hydraulic cylinder 3 12 and controls holding claw 11 Open, and trees are erected by crane and are put into hole;
6) screw rod 413 is controlled to do counterclockwise movement by motor 3 411, while motor 2 403 drives blade 406 of dredging Also counterclockwise movement is done, the soil stored up in mud frame 407 is sent out by screw rod 413 and is entered in spiral sliding surface 417 by knife of dredging Piece 406 pulls out rollback and returns in hole, and by manually burying soil leveling tightly, construction terminates.
In addition to the implementation, the present invention can also have other embodiment.It is all to use equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation shape Into technical solution, all fall within the protection domains of application claims.

Claims (4)

1. roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device, including inner support (8), it is characterised in that the side of the inner support (8) is set There is outer moving wheel carrier (51), the interior moving wheel carrier (50) that displacement is promoted by hydraulic cylinder one (14), institute are additionally provided with inner support (8) State hydraulic cylinder one (14) to be fixed on support arm (8), outer moving wheel carrier (51) and interior moving wheel carrier (50) include being laid in frame body The head pulley (1) at rear and the universal wheel (15) being laid in front of frame body;
The inner side of the support arm (8) is also embedded with exsertile inner support (7), and the inner support (7) is equipped with conduit (52), moves Moving frame (9) is installed between inner support (7), and the movable stand (9) is promoted in conduit (52) by hydraulic cylinder two (13) to backhaul Dynamic, hydraulic cylinder two (13) is fixed on the centre of inner support (7), is provided with supporting plate (10) on the movable stand (9), on supporting plate (10) The holding claw (11) that folding is controlled by hydraulic cylinder three (12) is installed;One end of the inner support (7) is also equipped with hydraulic cylinder four (2), the other end of inner support (7) is withstood on support arm (8);Hydraulic cylinder four (2) decentralization is connected with extending foot (3).
2. roadside greening trees as claimed in claim 1 aid in cultivation device, it is characterised in that connect on the movable stand (9) Sliding bar (5) is connected to, is rack structure on the inside of the sliding bar (5), the sliding bar (5) is cased with sliding sleeve (6), the slip Motor one is provided with set (6) drives the wheel and rack structure of movement to be meshed, the drive that the sliding sleeve (6) passes through motor Moved back and forth on sliding bar (5), dredge and bury mud device (4) on sliding sleeve (6).
3. roadside greening trees as claimed in claim 2 aid in cultivation device, it is characterised in that described dredge buries mud device (4) include being fixed on the hydraulic lifting post (420) of sliding sleeve (6) above, the top of the hydraulic lifting post (420) is hinged with company Bar (54), the connecting rod (54) are hinged with movable stand (9);The bottom of the hydraulic lifting post (420) is connected with storage mud frame (407), blade holder (421) is connected on storage mud frame (407);
The four sides of the blade holder (421) is equipped with connecting rod (401) and blade of dredging (406), and the connecting rod (401) passes through chain (405) blade (406) rotary operation of dredging is driven;Motor (403), the motor are also equipped with the blade holder (421) (403) by driving worm and gear (404) motion transmission connecting rod (401) to move;
It is connected in the blade holder (421) equipped with spiral sliding surface (417) in the gap between blade of dredging (406), spiral slide The center in face (417) is provided with newel (416), and the newel (416) is equipped with multiple openings (415), screw rod (413) It is laid in newel (416), is provided with the top of newel (416) and drives screw rod (413) rotating motor three (411).
4. roadside greening trees aid in the construction method of cultivation device, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
1) promote outer moving wheel carrier (51) to advance by using hydraulic cylinder one (14) and adjust it between interior moving wheel carrier (50) Spacing adapts to different size of trees and construction requirement;
2) trees to be planted are placed in holding claw (11), control holding claw (11) to firmly grasp trees by hydraulic cylinder three (12), lead to Cross combat engineer tractor and device is drawn to construction location;
3) device is stabilized by the way that hydraulic cylinder four (2) is transferred extending foot (3);Start motor (403) and drive blade of dredging (406) rotate, drive blade holder (421) to decline by hydraulic lifting post (420) at this time and start to dig pit;
4) blade (406) of dredging is done clockwise movement and be involved in soil by motor (403) driving first spiral sliding surface (417) It is interior, at this time screw rod (413) by motor three (411) drive do clockwise movement will involve in come soil drive be moved into upwards Store up in mud frame (407) and preserve;
5) after hole is dug well, hydraulic lifting post (420) drives blade holder (421) to rise, and holding claw is controlled by hydraulic cylinder three (12) (11) open, and trees are erected by crane and are put into hole;
6) screw rod (413) is controlled to do counterclockwise movement by motor three (411), while motor (403) drives blade of dredging (406) counterclockwise movement is also done, the soil stored up in mud frame (407) is sent out by screw rod (413) and enters spiral sliding surface (417) Interior blade of being dredged (406) place of pulling out is returned in hole, and by manually burying soil leveling tightly, construction terminates.
CN201711418297.3A 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device and its construction method Pending CN107950348A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201711418297.3A CN107950348A (en) 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device and its construction method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711418297.3A CN107950348A (en) 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device and its construction method

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108812167A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-16 德清绿色阳光农业生态有限公司 A kind of forestry plantation trees haulage equipment
CN109644619A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-04-19 杨赵凌 A kind of fruit tree sapling plantation filling device with coating function
CN109874633A (en) * 2019-03-20 2019-06-14 武冲 A kind of planting of plants device and its working method
CN111788901A (en) * 2020-07-13 2020-10-20 白美荣 Auxiliary device for strawberry planting

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US3815524A (en) * 1971-08-11 1974-06-11 B Poll Mulch pot planter
CN103026827A (en) * 2013-01-17 2013-04-10 山东理工大学 Drill of V-shaped tree pit digging machine
CN105409714A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-03-23 上海电机学院 Tree transplanting device
CN106342654A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 李晓敏 Sapling planting device for road greening
CN106538346A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-03-29 山东科技大学 A kind of planting machine and its application
CN206061711U (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-04-05 三峡大学 Tree-planting integrated machine
CN206118640U (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-04-26 浙江省农业机械研究院 Hydraulic drive trees transplanter
CN106856751A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-06-20 周佰利 A kind of ornamental trees and shrubs transplant robot
CN107172922A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-19 彭利辉 A kind of self-balancing planting tree digging apparatus
CN206629618U (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-11-14 钟娟 A kind of urban green belts are built special trees seedling and digged pit automatically planting machine
CN206743833U (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-12-15 新疆农业大学 A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3815524A (en) * 1971-08-11 1974-06-11 B Poll Mulch pot planter
CN103026827A (en) * 2013-01-17 2013-04-10 山东理工大学 Drill of V-shaped tree pit digging machine
CN105409714A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-03-23 上海电机学院 Tree transplanting device
CN106342654A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 李晓敏 Sapling planting device for road greening
CN206061711U (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-04-05 三峡大学 Tree-planting integrated machine
CN206118640U (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-04-26 浙江省农业机械研究院 Hydraulic drive trees transplanter
CN106538346A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-03-29 山东科技大学 A kind of planting machine and its application
CN106856751A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-06-20 周佰利 A kind of ornamental trees and shrubs transplant robot
CN206629618U (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-11-14 钟娟 A kind of urban green belts are built special trees seedling and digged pit automatically planting machine
CN206743833U (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-12-15 新疆农业大学 A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108812167A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-16 德清绿色阳光农业生态有限公司 A kind of forestry plantation trees haulage equipment
CN109644619A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-04-19 杨赵凌 A kind of fruit tree sapling plantation filling device with coating function
CN109644619B (en) * 2018-11-28 2022-01-25 惠州市红美荔生态农业发展有限公司 Fruit tree sapling is planted with device that bankets with coating function
CN109874633A (en) * 2019-03-20 2019-06-14 武冲 A kind of planting of plants device and its working method
CN111788901A (en) * 2020-07-13 2020-10-20 白美荣 Auxiliary device for strawberry planting

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Application publication date: 20180424

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