CN106538346A - A kind of planting machine and its application - Google Patents

A kind of planting machine and its application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106538346A
CN106538346A CN201611123896.8A CN201611123896A CN106538346A CN 106538346 A CN106538346 A CN 106538346A CN 201611123896 A CN201611123896 A CN 201611123896A CN 106538346 A CN106538346 A CN 106538346A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
tractor
tree
tree well
planting
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Pending
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CN201611123896.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾庆良
王志文
杨扬
逯振国
尹广俊
高魁东
王通
姜考
芦艳洁
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Shandong University of Science and Technology
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Shandong University of Science and Technology
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Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University of Science and Technology filed Critical Shandong University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201611123896.8A priority Critical patent/CN106538346A/en
Publication of CN106538346A publication Critical patent/CN106538346A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of planting machine and its application, including tractor, mechanism of digging pit is provided with the front portion of tractor, for digging out the tree well for planting tree seedlings;Being provided with seedling picking mechanism in the middle part of tractor, and the seedling box of storage seedling being provided with the side of tractor, seedling picking mechanism is for taking out and be placed in the tree well for having dug the seedling in seedling box;Dipper crowding gear is provided with the afterbody of tractor, is placed with the tree well of seedling and by soil pressure reality for soil is pushed back.The overall process of tree planting is combined by planting machine of the present invention, from Seedling of digging pit, put to fill compaction, can disposably be completed and is capable of achieving uninterruptedly to work continuously, can substitute traditional artificial planting completely, improve work efficiency, while saving manpower and materials.And the adjustable line-spacing planted trees, to adapt to tree planting requirement of the different trees to line space, operation process more meets actual demand, practical, and its effect is obvious, effect is significant.

Description

A kind of planting machine and its application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of planting machine and its application, belong to Garden Engineering field of mechanical technique.
Background technology
Greening is the freshener of air, in the serious region of atmospheric pollution, needs constantly to expand green coverage, and Jing is often adopted Tree planting mode major part is manually to dig pit, put Seedling and banket, and not only consumes excessive man power and material, and efficiency is very It is low.
Now, some mechanical type Tree-planting devices are occurred in that on the market, can substitute traditional implant to a certain extent Tree mode.For example, Chinese patent literature CN2719017Y discloses a kind of automatic tree planting vehicle, and the automatic tree planting vehicle includes that vehicle takes Power device, mechanism of digging pit, trailing bar, compacting block and hydraulic system, mechanism of digging pit are made up of with the splined shaft for being cased with bevel gear drill bit, The one end of splined shaft with spline is connected with drill bit, and the other end is connected with the piston rod of hydraulic system by flange;Vehicle power taking Bevel gear with bevel gear with splined shaft coordinates the output shaft of device;The output shaft of vehicle power takeoff also passes through hydraulic pump connection liquid Pressure system;Hydraulic system connection trailing bar, compacting block.But, the automatic tree planting vehicle is not carried out the mistake for taking automatically seedling, planting trees Journey, the automatization of the process that is not carried out entirely planting trees, full-automatic planting machine that can't at last truly.
Chinese patent literature CN204090484U discloses a kind of Tree planting vehicle that can be digged pit automatically and water, the Tree planting vehicle bag Include sweep, roller, store up seedling room, dig pit mechanism and mechanism of watering, mechanism of digging pit is the screw rod with spiral cutter head, in circular knife Disk is arranged right below perforate, and screw rod is controlled by motor, and motor is controlled by cylinder;Mechanism of watering includes pouring water tank and water tank connects Logical cylinder body, is provided with first capping with the connectivity part of water tank in cylinder body, the work that vertically can be lifted is additionally provided with cylinder body Plug, piston carry through hole, piston upper surface with second cover, be connected with connecting rod on the upside of piston, be additionally provided with water tank into The mouth of a river, cylinder body side are connected with outlet pipe, and the water side of outlet pipe is located on the upside of perforate.The Tree planting vehicle can be after good hole be dug Automatically watered toward hole the inside, but the Tree planting vehicle carry out after seedling fill compaction to having been planted, and can only substitute groups of people Work tree planting operation.
In general, tree planting machinery on the market belongs to complementary mechanical facility mostly, the energy during artificial planting Process portion is enough substituted, but there is also problems:
1st, the planting machine for currently using, it is impossible to which complete completes complete tree planting work;Shortcoming:Remain a need for manually carrying out two Subjob.
2nd, existing pit-picker mainly has two kinds of forms:(1) using (2) of furrowing type using auger rod-type;Shortcoming:Such as The Mechanical Driven that need relatively high power of the fruit using furrowing type, and be not suitable for larger trees use;If adopting auger Rod-type, the little gasoline engine of small-sized employing drives, and large-scale employing tractor drives power transmission shaft to drive, the more difficult control of rotating speed Soil can be difficult earthen backfill by system in which get rid of farther out.
What the 3rd, existing mechanism of digging pit was small-sized carries out position movement by manpower, and large-scale is then on powerful tractor Hang;Shortcoming:Small-sized labor intensity is larger, and the more difficult control of line space, and tree well arrangement is difficult to be arranged in a linear and deep Degree is also not easily controlled;Large-scale when being then because that tractor is walked, deflecting roller is probably due to there is the inclined of direction in Uneven road From, and because car is walked, is stopped by people's control, line space it is difficult to ensure that.
4th, existing seedling picking mechanism, great majority are only applicable to small-sized seedling or are only applicable to large-scale seedling.Shortcoming:Make It is less with scope.
5th, present seedling picking mechanism is only integrally fixed on an only rotatable platform;Shortcoming:It is difficult to suitable for row Between require different trees, nor can guarantee that seedling be it is vertical be put in tree well, cannot be carried out by planting machine again The work of next station.
6th, existing mechanism of banketing is less, now using it is more be exactly the padding machine that is adapted with furrowing type pit-picker Structure, by two guide plates, by earthen backfill;Shortcoming:It cannot be guaranteed that the root of seedling is covered by soil completely.
7th, the soil of backfill can not be compacted by existing planting machine;Shortcoming:Soil pressure is not just occurred in fact because blow by The problem that trees are blown down.
8th, the work platformses of existing planting machine are integrally fixed on car load, and work platformses can not horizontal, lengthwise movement;Lack Point:Because can not horizontal, lengthwise movement, requirement of the different trees to line space cannot be adapted to.
9th, existing mechanism of digging pit, the more difficult control of speed of digging pit downwards;Shortcoming:Occur because position of digging pit moves down Excessive velocities, drive mechanism cross cultivation, damage machine.
Therefore, need a kind of full-automatic planting machine of design badly, realize the unmanned operation of whole tree planting process, be finally reached and carry The purpose of high tree planting effect and tree planting efficiency.
The content of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of full-automatic, fluid pressure type planting machine, and the planting machine can be replaced completely For artificial planting, while tree planting efficiency and tree planting effect can be greatly improved.
The present invention also provides a kind of method of work of above-mentioned planting machine.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of planting machine, including tractor, it is characterised in that
Mechanism of digging pit is provided with the front portion of tractor, for digging out the tree well for planting tree seedlings;
Seedling picking mechanism is provided with the middle part of tractor, and the seedling box of storage seedling, seedling taking machine is provided with the side of tractor Structure is for taking out and be placed in the tree well for having dug the seedling in seedling box;
Dipper crowding gear is provided with the afterbody of tractor, is placed with the tree well of seedling and by soil pressure reality for soil is pushed back.
Preferably, the mechanism of digging pit includes translating device, lowering or hoisting gear and excavating gear, and wherein translating device is arranged on On tractor, lowering or hoisting gear is connected with translating device, and the bottom of lowering or hoisting gear connects excavating gear by the first platform.
Preferably, the translating device include the first servomotor, the first worm gearing, the first leading screw, One guide rail and the first slide plate, wherein the first guide rails assembling is on tractor, the two ends of the first leading screw are arranged on the first guide rail, the The one end of one servomotor by the first worm gearing with the first leading screw is connected, the first slide plate and the first leading screw Threaded connection is simultaneously moved by the first guide rail.
Preferably, the lowering or hoisting gear includes that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder, first are oriented to slide bar and the first guide pad, the first liquid The cylinder body of pressure telescoping cylinder is arranged on the first slide plate, and the piston rod of the first hydraulically extensible cylinder connects the first platform, the first guide pad On the first slide plate, the first guiding slide bar is slidably connected with the first guide pad and the bottom of the first guiding slide bar is connected first Platform.This design is advantageous in that, by increasing the first guiding slide bar and the first guide pad, it is ensured that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder In lifting process, drive the first platform up and down and stability of the excavating gear in mining process.
Preferably, the excavating gear includes hydraulic motor, worm type of reduction gearing and auger stem, wherein hydraulic motor It is arranged on the first platform with worm type of reduction gearing, hydraulic motor is connected with worm type of reduction gearing, worm and gear Decelerator is connected with auger stem.This design is advantageous in that, from hydraulic motor and the power combination of worm type of reduction gearing, To drive auger stem to rotate and coordinate lowering or hoisting gear to realize that auger stem is digged pit in rotation downwards, this set power combination power Powerful and good stability, and it is easy to the maintaining in later stage.
Preferably, the seedling picking mechanism include seedling taking mechanical hand, rotation platform, the second slide plate, the second guide rail, second Thick stick, the second servomotor and the second worm gearing, wherein the two ends of the second guide rail are slidably arranged in tractor two Side, the two ends of the second leading screw are arranged on the second guide rail, and the second servomotor passes through the second worm gearing and second One end of leading screw is connected, and seedling taking mechanical hand is arranged on rotation platform, and rotation platform is arranged on the second slide plate, and second slides Plate is connected with the second threads of lead screw and is moved by the second guide rail.
Preferably, the dipper crowding gear includes rotating disk, the 3rd slide plate, the 3rd leading screw, the 3rd guide rail, the 3rd servo electricity Machine, the 3rd worm gearing, hydraulic machinery arm, bulldozing device and compaction apparatus, wherein the two ends of the 3rd guide rail are slided Dynamic to be arranged on tractor both sides, the two ends of the 3rd leading screw are arranged on the 3rd guide rail, and the 3rd servomotor passes through the 3rd worm gear snail Bar actuating device is connected with the 3rd leading screw one end, and the 3rd slide plate is connected with the 3rd threads of lead screw and is moved by the 3rd guide rail Dynamic, the rotating disk being symmetrical arranged on the 3rd slide plate described in two arranges described hydraulic machinery arm, hydraulic machinery in rotating disk Arm connects bulldozing device and compaction apparatus.
Preferably, the bulldozing device includes soil-shifting main body, ejector dozer, pushing block and the second hydraulically extensible cylinder, wherein bulldozing The upper end of main body is provided with suspension bracket, and the outside of ejector dozer is connected with the bottom of soil-shifting main body by pin, and the inner side top of ejector dozer leads to Cross spring to be connected with pushing block side, top and the suspension bracket of pushing block are hinged, the cylinder body of the second hydraulically extensible cylinder is connected with suspension bracket, second The piston rod of hydraulically extensible cylinder is hinged with pushing block side.This design is advantageous in that, by the second hydraulically extensible cylinder offer power Pushing block, pushing block is driven to drive ejector dozer to realize that ejector dozer is bulldozed to inner side, be finally completed to planting banketing for the tree well for having seedling.
Preferably, the soil-shifting main body is in half truncated cone-shaped, and two-layer ejector dozer, every layer of ejector dozer are provided with soil-shifting main body It is arranged in order by multiple ejector dozers and is surrounded.This design is advantageous in that soil-shifting body design is into half truncated cone-shaped and is bulldozing Two-layer ejector dozer is set in main body, effectively can be gathered soil in propulsion tree well, be reduced leakage soil, realize once bulldozing and will can set Hole is filled up.
It is further preferred that two-layer ejector dozer is in shift to install.The advantage of this design is that ejector dozer is in shift to install, Soil can be reduced from missing between two ejector dozers.
Preferably, the compaction apparatus include that firming plate, second are oriented to slide bar, the second guide pad and the 3rd hydraulically extensible Cylinder, the top of the second guiding slide bar are fixedly connected with suspension bracket, and the second guide pad is slidably arranged on the second guiding slide bar and second The bottom of guide pad is connected with firming plate, and the cylinder body of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder is hinged with suspension bracket, the piston of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder Bar is hinged with firming plate.
Preferably, the tractor selects truck tractor.This design advantage be, can using truck tractor To improve adaptability of the planting machine to landform, while also allowing for ensureing that tractor walking path is straight line, it is ensured that the straight line of tree planting Property.
Preferably, intelligence control system, the intelligence control system and mechanism of digging pit, seedling taking are provided with the tractor Mechanism, dipper crowding gear electrical connection, for realizing programmed operation.
A kind of method of work of planting machine, comprises the following steps,
(1) before planting machine starts operation, first tree planting program is input in intelligence control system, tree planting program includes line space Parameter, tree well depth parameter and radius parameter of banketing;
(2) start planting machine, driver drives tractor, mechanism of digging pit is according to the tree well depth parameter of setting by excavating dress Put and dig out tree well, after digging out a tree well, mechanism of digging pit is moved by translating device according to the line space parameter of setting, is driven and is excavated The next tree well position of device movement, then next tree well is dug out according to tree well depth parameter by excavating gear;
(3) after row's tree well digs out, driver drives tractor and moves forward, and digs according to the method for step (2) successively Go out several rows of tree well;
(4) when there is row's tree well to occur at tractor rear, seedling picking mechanism starts initiating task, and seedling taking mechanical hand is from Seedling Tree well is put into after in case take out seedling, then dipper crowding gear starts and soil is pushed in tree well and is compacted;
(5) seedling picking mechanism is moved according to line space successively, is put in row's tree well simultaneously seedling according to the method for step (4) Soil is pushed by tree well by dipper crowding gear and is compacted.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is:
1st, the overall process of tree planting is combined by planting machine of the present invention, using the planting machine from Seedling of digging pit, put to banketing Compacting, can disposably complete and be capable of achieving uninterruptedly to work continuously, can substitute traditional artificial planting completely, improve work Make efficiency, while saving manpower and materials.
2nd, planting machine of the present invention is different from tree planting equipment on the market, the planting machine can transverse shifting dig pit, can longitudinally, horizontal stroke To it is mobile put Seedling and can laterally, banketing and system for compacting of vertically moving, and the line-spacing of adjustable tree planting, to adapt to different trees Tree planting requirement of the wood to line space, more meets actual demand, practical.
3rd, planting machine high degree of automation of the present invention, can realize plant trees during unmanned operation, with low cost, High efficiency, different plantations can be met various advantages such as require, its effect substantially, effect is significant, with good economic worth and Market efficiency, is worthy of popularization.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of planting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of mechanism of digging pit in planting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of seedling picking mechanism in planting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of dipper crowding gear in planting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the partial schematic diagram I of dipper crowding gear in planting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the partial schematic diagram II of dipper crowding gear in planting machine of the present invention;
Wherein:1st, dig pit mechanism;101st, the first platform;102nd, the first slide plate;103rd, first it is oriented to slide bar;104th, first lead To block;105th, the first hydraulically extensible cylinder;106th, hydraulic motor;107th, worm type of reduction gearing;108th, auger stem;109th, first Servomotor;110th, the first worm gearing;111st, the first leading screw;112nd, the first guide rail;2nd, seedling picking mechanism;201st, revolve Turn platform;202nd, the second slide plate;203rd, the second guide rail;204th, the second leading screw;205th, the second servomotor;206th, the second worm gear snail Bar actuating device;207th, seedling taking mechanical hand;208th, the first track;3rd, dipper crowding gear;301st, bulldozing device;302nd, rotating disk; 303rd, the 3rd slide plate;304th, the 3rd guide rail;305th, the 3rd leading screw;306th, the 3rd worm gearing;307th, the second track; 4th, vehicle body;5th, crawler belt;6th, driver's cabin;7th, the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder;8th, soil-shifting main body;9th, pushing block;10th, the second hydraulically extensible cylinder; 11st, second it is oriented to slide bar;12nd, ejector dozer;13rd, the second guide pad;14th, firming plate;15th, sell;16th, ejector dozer boss;17th, pushing block Boss;18th, outer layer ejector dozer;19th, internal layer ejector dozer;20th, spring.
Specific embodiment
Below by embodiment and combine accompanying drawing the present invention will be further described, but not limited to this.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the present embodiment provides a kind of planting machine, including tractor, and the driver's cabin 6 of tractor is located at The left front of vehicle body 4, drives tractor by driver and moves ahead and observable tree planting situation, and in the present embodiment, tractor is crawler type Tractor.
Mechanism 1 of digging pit is provided with the front portion of tractor, for digging out the tree well for planting tree seedlings;
Seedling picking mechanism 2 is provided with the middle part of tractor, and the seedling box of storage seedling, seedling box position is provided with the side of tractor In 6 right positions of driver's cabin and the front of seedling picking mechanism 2 is located at, seedling picking mechanism 2 is for taking out and place the seedling in seedling box To in the tree well for having dug;Multiple seedlings can be placed in seedling box, is easy to continuous large-area operation.
Dipper crowding gear 3 is provided with the afterbody of tractor, is placed with the tree well of seedling and by soil pressure reality for soil is pushed back.
Wherein, mechanism 1 of digging pit includes translating device, lowering or hoisting gear and excavating gear, and wherein translating device is arranged on traction Herba Plantaginis end, lowering or hoisting gear are connected with translating device, and the bottom of lowering or hoisting gear connects excavating gear by the first platform.
Translating device includes the first servomotor 109, the first worm gearing 110, the first leading screw 111, first Guide rail 112 and the first slide plate 102, wherein the first guide rail 112 is arranged on 4 front end of vehicle body, the two ends of the first leading screw 111 are arranged on the On one guide rail 112, the first servomotor 109 passes through one end transmission of the first worm gearing 110 and the first leading screw 111 Connection, the bottom of the first slide plate 102 are provided with slide block, and the first slide plate 102 is threadedly coupled with the first leading screw 111 by the slide block of bottom And move that (the first guide rail plays a part of to aid in the movement of the first slide plate, keeps the first slide plate moving process by the first guide rail 112 In stability).
Lowering or hoisting gear includes that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder 105, first is oriented to slide bar 103 and the first guide pad 104, the first hydraulic pressure The cylinder body of telescoping cylinder 105 is arranged on the first slide plate 102, and the piston rod of the first hydraulically extensible cylinder 105 connects the first platform 101, First guide pad 104 is arranged on the first slide plate 102, and first is oriented to slide bar 103 runs through the first guide pad 104 and the first guide pad 104 be slidably connected and first be oriented to slide bar 103 bottom connect the first platform 101.Slide bar 103 and the are oriented to by increasing by first One guide pad 104, it is ensured that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder 105 drives the first platform in lifting process about 101 and excavates Stability of the device in mining process.
Excavating gear includes hydraulic motor 106, worm type of reduction gearing 107 and auger stem 108, wherein hydraulic motor 106 and worm type of reduction gearing 107 be installed on the first platform 101, hydraulic motor 106 is passed with worm type of reduction gearing 107 Dynamic connection, worm type of reduction gearing 107 are connected with auger stem 108.From hydraulic motor and the power of worm type of reduction gearing Combination, drives auger stem to rotate and coordinate lowering or hoisting gear to realize that auger stem is digged pit in rotation downwards, this set power packages Powerful and good stability are closed, and is easy to the maintaining in later stage.Auger stem adopts Seriation Design, for different seedlings Trunk diameter, may be selected different model auger stem.
Wherein, seedling picking mechanism include seedling taking mechanical hand 207, rotation platform 201, the second slide plate 202, the second guide rail 203, Two leading screws 204, the second servomotor 205 and the second worm gearing 206, wherein the two ends of the second guide rail 203 are slided Dynamic to be arranged on the first track 208 of tractor both sides, the two ends of the second leading screw 204 are arranged on the second guide rail 203, and second watches Take the one end of motor 205 by the second worm gearing 206 with the second leading screw 204 to be connected, seedling taking mechanical hand 207 On rotation platform 201, rotation platform 201 is arranged on the second slide plate 202 and 180 ° of rotations can be realized on the second slide plate Turn, the bottom of the second slide plate 202 is provided with slide block, the second slide plate 202 be threadedly coupled with the second leading screw 204 by slide block and by Second guide rail 203 moves (the second guide rail plays a part of to aid in the movement of the second slide plate).Seedling taking mechanical hand is hydraulic-driven, can be right Seedling in seedling box is effectively captured, and realizes the position transfer of seedling taking mechanical hand by rotation platform, is existed by seedling taking mechanical hand After seedling is taken out in body forward structure seedling box, rotate seedling taking mechanical hand carries out the plantation of seedling to tail of the body.
Wherein, dipper crowding gear 3 includes rotating disk 302, the 3rd slide plate 303, the 3rd leading screw 305, the 3rd guide rail the 304, the 3rd Servomotor (not shown), the 3rd worm gearing 306, hydraulic machinery arm, bulldozing device 301 and compacting dress Put, wherein the two ends of the 3rd guide rail 304 are slidably arranged on the second track 307 of tractor both sides, the two ends of the 3rd leading screw 305 On the 3rd guide rail 304, the 3rd servomotor passes through the 3rd worm gearing 306 and 305 one end of the 3rd leading screw It is connected, the bottom of the 3rd slide plate 303 is provided with slide block, and the 3rd slide plate 303 is threadedly coupled with the 3rd leading screw 305 by slide block And (the 3rd guide rail plays a part of to aid in the movement of the 3rd slide plate) is moved by the 3rd guide rail 304, symmetrically set on the 3rd slide plate 303 The rotating disk 302 described in two is put, rotating disk 302 can be rotated on the 3rd slide plate 303, in rotating disk 302, arrange described Hydraulic machinery arm, hydraulic machinery arm connection bulldozing device and compaction apparatus.
Bulldozing device includes soil-shifting main body 8, ejector dozer 12, pushing block 9 and the second hydraulically extensible cylinder 10, wherein soil-shifting main body 8 Upper end be provided with suspension bracket, the outside of ejector dozer 12 is connected with the bottom of soil-shifting main body 8 by pin 15, the inner side top of ejector dozer 12 It is connected with 9 side of pushing block by spring 20, top and the suspension bracket of pushing block 9 are hinged, the cylinder body and suspension bracket of the second hydraulically extensible cylinder 10 Connection, piston rod and 9 side of pushing block of the second hydraulically extensible cylinder 10 are hinged.Power drive is provided by the second hydraulically extensible cylinder to push away Block, pushing block drive ejector dozer to realize that ejector dozer is bulldozed to inner side, are finally completed to planting banketing for the tree well for having seedling.
Soil-shifting main body 8 is in half truncated cone-shaped, in soil-shifting main body 8 is provided with two-layer ejector dozer, and every layer of ejector dozer is by 23 Ejector dozer is arranged in order and surrounds.Soil-shifting body design arranges two-layer ejector dozer into half truncated cone-shaped and in the soil-shifting main body, can be with Effectively soil is gathered in propulsion tree well, leakage soil is reduced, is realized once bulldozing and tree well can be filled up.
Compaction apparatus include that firming plate 14, second is oriented to slide bar 11, the second guide pad 13 and the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder 7, the The tops of two guiding slide bars 11 are fixedly connected with suspension bracket, and the second guide pad 13 is slidably arranged on the second guiding slide bar 11 and second The bottom of guide pad 3 is connected with firming plate 14, and the cylinder body of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder 7 is hinged with suspension bracket, the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder 7 Piston rod is hinged with firming plate 14.Understand after the completion of bulldozing device soil-shifting around in tree well and stay circle soil, subsequently through firming After the soil pressure reality that plate will be backfilled, poured after the completion of tree well forms the convenient tree planting of pit.
It is provided with intelligence control system in tractor cab 6, intelligence control system and mechanism of digging pit, seedling picking mechanism, pushes away Press mechanism is electrically connected, for realizing programmed operation.The core of intelligence control system is embedded scm, can be previously entered plant Tree program simultaneously can change tree planting program according to different seedlings and plantation requirement, realize automatization's tree planting operation.
The technical scheme of the present embodiment, truck tractor provide power by internal combustion engine, and internal combustion engine provides complete equipment Power.Adaptability of the planting machine to landform can be improved using truck tractor, tree planting process vehicle body good stability, while It is easy to ensure that tractor walking path is straight line, it is ensured that the rectilinearity of tree planting, while seedling can accurately be adjusted in the ranks Away from.Complete hydraulic system is provided with planting machine, hydraulic oil is provided for the hydraulic means on planting machine and is ensured its normal fortune OK.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of planting machine, as described in Example 1, its difference is structure:Two-layer ejector dozer includes internal layer ejector dozer 19 and outer layer ejector dozer 18, internal layer ejector dozer 19 and outer layer ejector dozer 18 are in shifting to install.Inside and outside two-layer ejector dozer is set in dislocation Put, soil can be reduced from missing between two ejector dozers.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of method of work of planting machine as described in Example 2, specifically includes following steps,
(1) before planting machine starts operation, first tree planting program is input in intelligence control system, tree planting program includes line space Parameter, tree well depth parameter and radius parameter of banketing;Then satisfactory auger stem 108 is selected, is put in seedling box and is waited to plant The seedling planted;
(2) start planting machine, driver drives tractor, tree well depth parameter of the mechanism according to setting of digging pit, by first Hydraulically extensible cylinder 105 declines drive auger stem and digs and synchronously drive auger stem 108 to rotate by hydraulic motor 106 for 108 times, digs After going out a tree well, mechanism of digging pit is translated by the first slide plate 102 according to the line space parameter of setting, drives auger stem 108 to move Next tree well position is moved, then digs out next tree well according to tree well depth parameter by auger stem 108;
(3) after row's tree well digs out, driver drives tractor and moves forward, and digs according to the method for step (2) successively Go out several rows of tree well;
(4) when there is row's tree well to occur at 4 rear of vehicle body, seedling picking mechanism 2 starts initiating task, seedling taking mechanical hand 207 Seedling is taken out from seedling box and seedling is moved to by 4 rear of vehicle body by rotation platform 201, and will tree by seedling taking mechanical hand 207 Seedling is put into tree well, and then dipper crowding gear starts, and hydraulic machinery arm rotates exhibition according to radius parameter of banketing by rotating disk 302 Open, two bulldozing devices close up and for the soil of seedling both sides to push tree well, then by 14 operation of firming plate by the soil on the inside of ejector dozer 12 It is compacted and makes tree well periphery to leave circle soil, is easy to follow-up pouring;
(5) seedling picking mechanism and dipper crowding gear are moved according to line space successively, and seedling is put into one according to the method for step (4) Row's tree well is interior and soil is pushed tree well by dipper crowding gear and is compacted.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of planting machine, including tractor, it is characterised in that
Mechanism of digging pit is provided with the front portion of tractor, for digging out the tree well for planting tree seedlings;
Seedling picking mechanism being provided with the middle part of tractor, and the seedling box of storage seedling being provided with the side of tractor, seedling picking mechanism is used In taking out and be placed in the tree well for having dug the seedling in seedling box;
Dipper crowding gear is provided with the afterbody of tractor, is placed with the tree well of seedling and by soil pressure reality for soil is pushed back.
2. planting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the mechanism of digging pit include translating device, lowering or hoisting gear and Excavating gear, wherein translating device are arranged on tractor, and lowering or hoisting gear is connected with translating device, and the bottom of lowering or hoisting gear passes through First platform connects excavating gear;
The translating device includes the first servomotor, the first worm gearing, the first leading screw, the first guide rail and first Slide plate, wherein the first guide rails assembling is on tractor, the two ends of the first leading screw are arranged on the first guide rail, and the first servomotor leads to One end that the first worm gearing is crossed with the first leading screw is connected, and the first slide plate is connected and borrows with the first threads of lead screw The first guide rail is helped to move;
The lowering or hoisting gear includes that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder, first are oriented to slide bar and the first guide pad, the first hydraulically extensible cylinder Cylinder body is arranged on the first slide plate, and the piston rod of the first hydraulically extensible cylinder connects the first platform, and the first guide pad is arranged on first On slide plate, the first guiding slide bar is slidably connected with the first guide pad and the bottom of the first guiding slide bar is connected the first platform;
The excavating gear includes hydraulic motor, worm type of reduction gearing and auger stem, wherein hydraulic motor and worm and gear Decelerator is arranged on the first platform, and hydraulic motor is connected with worm type of reduction gearing, worm type of reduction gearing and spiral shell Rotary drill bar connects.
3. planting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the seedling picking mechanism include seedling taking mechanical hand, rotation platform, Second slide plate, the second guide rail, the second leading screw, the second servomotor and the second worm gearing, wherein the second guide rail Two ends be slidably arranged in tractor both sides, the two ends of the second leading screw are arranged on the second guide rail, and the second servomotor is by the Two worm gearings are connected with one end of the second leading screw, and seedling taking mechanical hand is arranged on rotation platform, rotary flat Platform is arranged on the second slide plate, and the second slide plate is connected with the second threads of lead screw and is moved by the second guide rail.
4. planting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the dipper crowding gear include rotating disk, the 3rd slide plate, the 3rd Leading screw, the 3rd guide rail, the 3rd servomotor, the 3rd worm gearing, hydraulic machinery arm, bulldozing device and compacting dress Put, wherein the two ends of the 3rd guide rail are slidably arranged in tractor both sides, the two ends of the 3rd leading screw are arranged on the 3rd guide rail, the 3rd Servomotor is connected by the 3rd worm gearing and the 3rd leading screw one end, the 3rd slide plate and the 3rd threads of lead screw Connection is simultaneously moved by the 3rd guide rail, the rotating disk being symmetrical arranged on the 3rd slide plate described in two, arranges described in rotating disk Hydraulic machinery arm, hydraulic machinery arm connection bulldozing device and compaction apparatus.
5. planting machine as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the bulldozing device includes soil-shifting main body, ejector dozer, pushing block With the second hydraulically extensible cylinder, the upper end of wherein soil-shifting main body is provided with suspension bracket, the bottom of the outside of ejector dozer by pin and soil-shifting main body Portion connects, and the inner side top of ejector dozer is connected with pushing block side by spring, and top and the suspension bracket of pushing block are hinged, and the second hydraulic pressure is stretched The cylinder body of contracting cylinder is connected with suspension bracket, and piston rod and the pushing block side of the second hydraulically extensible cylinder are hinged.
6. planting machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the soil-shifting main body is in half truncated cone-shaped, in soil-shifting main body Two-layer ejector dozer is provided with, every layer of ejector dozer is arranged in order by multiple ejector dozers and is surrounded.
7. planting machine as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that two-layer ejector dozer is in shifting to install.
8. planting machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the compaction apparatus include firming plate, second be oriented to slide bar, Second guide pad and the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder, the top of the second guiding slide bar are fixedly connected with suspension bracket, and the second guide pad slides and sets Put on the second guiding slide bar and the bottom of the second guide pad is connected with firming plate, cylinder body and the suspension bracket of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder cut with scissors Connect, piston rod and the firming plate of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder are hinged.
9. planting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that intelligence control system is provided with the tractor, it is described Intelligence control system is electrically connected with mechanism of digging pit, seedling picking mechanism, dipper crowding gear, for realizing programmed operation.
10. a kind of method of work of the planting machine as described in any one of claim 1-9, comprises the following steps,
(1) before planting machine starts operation, first that tree planting program is input in intelligence control system, tree planting program includes that line space is joined Number, tree well depth parameter and radius parameter of banketing;
(2) start planting machine, driver drives tractor, mechanism of digging pit is dug by excavating gear according to the tree well depth parameter of setting Go out tree well, after digging out a tree well, mechanism of digging pit is moved by translating device according to the line space parameter of setting, drives excavating gear Mobile next one tree well position, then next tree well is dug out according to tree well depth parameter by excavating gear;
(3) after row's tree well digs out, driver drives tractor and moves forward, and digs out one according to the method for step (2) successively Row's row's tree well;
(4) when there is row's tree well to occur at tractor rear, seedling picking mechanism starts initiating task, and seedling taking mechanical hand is from seedling box Tree well is put into after seedling is taken out, then dipper crowding gear starts and soil is pushed in tree well and is compacted;
(5) seedling picking mechanism is moved according to line space successively, seedling is put in row's tree well and is passed through according to the method for step (4) Soil is pushed tree well and is compacted by dipper crowding gear.
CN201611123896.8A 2016-12-08 2016-12-08 A kind of planting machine and its application Pending CN106538346A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155804A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-09-15 浙江永联环境股份有限公司 Plant tree machine
CN107242105A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-10-13 廖伟平 A kind of planting machine
CN107455045A (en) * 2017-07-01 2017-12-12 温州市华宏市政园林工程建设有限公司 A kind of Chinese garden planting device and method
CN107624604A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-26 山东科技大学 Integral type tree planting Operation Van
CN107950348A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-04-24 许生安 Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device and its construction method
CN107996346A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-05-08 许生安 Roadside greening trees cultivation device and its construction method
CN108077016A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-29 华道林 A kind of automatic cultivation device of road landscape trees
CN108575658A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-09-28 马鞍山松鹤信息科技有限公司 A kind of excavator that can plant tree automatically
CN108739219A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-11-06 淮阴工学院 Planting machine
CN108770629A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-09 马鞍山松鹤信息科技有限公司 A kind of excavating machinery that can plant tree automatically
CN109122190A (en) * 2018-08-14 2019-01-04 佛山信卓派思机械科技有限公司 It plants trees, tree removing machine device people
CN109156122A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-01-08 温州大学瓯江学院 Afforestation machine with automatic landfill and fertilizing functions
CN109156121A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-01-08 温州大学瓯江学院 Multi-functional afforestation machine
CN109328543A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-02-15 巫溪县坤元农业科技发展有限公司 Planting fruit trees machine
CN110073938A (en) * 2019-03-27 2019-08-02 万威 A kind of gardens quick planting unit of sapling
CN110199823A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-09-06 陈元定 A kind of drawing type automatical tree-transplanting device
CN110235736A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-17 义乌纹挺新能源科技有限公司 A kind of farm environment monitoring system based on big data
CN110326392A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-15 仙居夏朗新能源科技有限公司 A kind of town road green plants plantation equipment of digging pit
WO2020030226A1 (en) * 2018-08-07 2020-02-13 Jordan, Petra Tracked vehicle for a short-rotation plantation and method for short-rotation forestry using such a tracked vehicle

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155804A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-09-15 浙江永联环境股份有限公司 Plant tree machine
CN107455045A (en) * 2017-07-01 2017-12-12 温州市华宏市政园林工程建设有限公司 A kind of Chinese garden planting device and method
CN107242105A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-10-13 廖伟平 A kind of planting machine
CN107624604A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-26 山东科技大学 Integral type tree planting Operation Van
CN108077016A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-29 华道林 A kind of automatic cultivation device of road landscape trees
CN107950348A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-04-24 许生安 Roadside greening trees aid in cultivation device and its construction method
CN107996346A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-05-08 许生安 Roadside greening trees cultivation device and its construction method
CN108739219A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-11-06 淮阴工学院 Planting machine
CN108575658A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-09-28 马鞍山松鹤信息科技有限公司 A kind of excavator that can plant tree automatically
CN108770629A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-09 马鞍山松鹤信息科技有限公司 A kind of excavating machinery that can plant tree automatically
WO2020030226A1 (en) * 2018-08-07 2020-02-13 Jordan, Petra Tracked vehicle for a short-rotation plantation and method for short-rotation forestry using such a tracked vehicle
CN109122190A (en) * 2018-08-14 2019-01-04 佛山信卓派思机械科技有限公司 It plants trees, tree removing machine device people
CN109156121A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-01-08 温州大学瓯江学院 Multi-functional afforestation machine
CN109156122B (en) * 2018-09-27 2020-07-03 温州大学瓯江学院 Afforestation machine with automatic landfill and fertilization function
CN109156122A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-01-08 温州大学瓯江学院 Afforestation machine with automatic landfill and fertilizing functions
CN109328543A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-02-15 巫溪县坤元农业科技发展有限公司 Planting fruit trees machine
CN110073938A (en) * 2019-03-27 2019-08-02 万威 A kind of gardens quick planting unit of sapling
CN110235736A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-17 义乌纹挺新能源科技有限公司 A kind of farm environment monitoring system based on big data
CN110199823A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-09-06 陈元定 A kind of drawing type automatical tree-transplanting device
CN110326392A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-15 仙居夏朗新能源科技有限公司 A kind of town road green plants plantation equipment of digging pit
CN110326392B (en) * 2019-08-09 2020-10-16 江苏鑫峰建设工程有限公司 Digging equipment for planting green plants on municipal roads

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