CN101019498A - Self-propelled tree transplating machine - Google Patents

Self-propelled tree transplating machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101019498A
CN101019498A CN 200710020589 CN200710020589A CN101019498A CN 101019498 A CN101019498 A CN 101019498A CN 200710020589 CN200710020589 CN 200710020589 CN 200710020589 A CN200710020589 A CN 200710020589A CN 101019498 A CN101019498 A CN 101019498A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
perching knife
assembly
bucket
self
tree
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200710020589
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐立章
李耀明
Original Assignee
江苏大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏大学 filed Critical 江苏大学
Priority to CN 200710020589 priority Critical patent/CN101019498A/en
Publication of CN101019498A publication Critical patent/CN101019498A/en

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Abstract

The self-propelled tree transplanting machine mainly for the transplanting of balling tree consists of a transplanting assembly, a control system, an engine, a wanigan and a self-propelled chassis with rubber crawler belt. The transplanting assembly consists of main frame, elevator, shovel tool package, bucket package and hydraulic system driven with hydraulic cylinders. The bucket package comprising three buckets can move up and down along the elevator rails to dig out one soil ball, while the two shovel tools cuts off bottom root of the tree and serves as the anchor. The transplanting assembly may be refitted for being towed by a tractor. The self-propelled tree transplanting machine has high production efficiency, low labor strength, high tree survival rate and other advantages.

Description

Self-propelled tree transplating machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to afforestation machinery, be mainly used in, also can be used for the operation of digging pit of the forest transplanting engineering on city trees and shrubs greenery patches and highway both sides with the going out the garden and transplant operation of native ball forest.
Background technology
Along with the high speed development of modern city, the continuous enhancing of people's environmental consciousness, urban and rural ecological environment contradiction also becomes increasingly conspicuous, build the ecological environment of human settlements of ecological garden construction green hill, clear water, blue sky harmony and be not only modern town and country demand for development, people are to the serious hope of good life especially.Building the ecological garden greening is the effective way of improving urban environment, has not only impelled the city, various places constantly to increase the construction input of environment and view, also makes China's gardens cause present the gesture of develop rapidly simultaneously.
Because the transformation of rural economic system, the labour constantly shifts to city and the secondary industry and the tertiary industry, and the ratio that manpower shortage, cost of labor account for the nursery stock production cost increases year by year.Manual work is mostly adopted in the transplanting of nursery stock at present, and labour intensity is big, and operating efficiency is low, cost is high, survival rate is low.And mechanized has the productivity ratio height, and adaptability is good, survival rate height, advantage such as the safety of operation is good.Therefore, adopting mechanized is the important channel of reducing labour demand in the gardening productions such as flowers, nursery stock, improving product quality and reducing production costs.Therefore develop be fit to different regions use supporting various power nursery stock transplanting machinery and by experiment and demonstration with the synthetic assembling of relevant advanced practical technique progressively popularization be of great practical significance, develop supporting product and have vast market prospect.
China mainly develops large-scale tree-remover at present, that is: the bulb diameter of cutting the earth is a large-scale tree-remover about 160cm, generally be used for city trees and shrubs department and transplant the above big tree of footpath level 16-25cm, the one-tenth tree transplanter (patent No.: CN2580750Y) if any Chinese patent, comprise that folder changes elevation and subsidence mechanical and cutting mechanics, cutting mechanics is formed housing by housing, cutting knife, cutting knife transmission and sprinkler head device etc.; This machine is cut into cylinder shape integral body with tree root together with earth on every side in the machine cuts mode, extracts ground, is mainly used in into tree transplanting, ancient tree transplanting.The large-scale one-tenth tree transplanter of Holland's development is made up of vehicle chassis and equipment two large divisions.Vehicle chassis generally all is to select ready-made automobile, tractor or loading machine etc., adds to convert, and then installment work device in the above: comprise shovel tree mechanism, elevating mechanism, leaning device and hydraulic leg four parts.To set shovel by the elevating mechanism guide rail when playing tree and put down, manually open tree shovel framework, tree will be enclosed in frame center, adjust and the locking framework.Cut after soil action finishes, native ball and tree that tree shovel mechanism is contained together with it up promote, and have promptly finished a tree action.Leaning device is that door frame can be tilted on the vehicle frame after trees are risen to certain altitude, so that transportation.Hydraulic leg then plays a supportive role when operation, with increase the chassis when the operation stability and prevent that trailing wheel from sinking, excavate native bulb diameter and can reach 120~160cm, the portable diameter is the relatively large trees of 15~30cm.
The YMD60 type propelled type tree balling machine that Japan's Yanmar Diesel Engine Co. Ltd. is succeeded in developing is used for excavation and the transfer of trees, be characterized in adopting independent vibrators to realize excavating fast, operation principle is: semicircle blade overturns under the effect of hydraulic jack, incision soil is the bottom along movement in a curve to tree root, cut out by another side again, form sphere and be with native ball, manually carry away and promptly finish moving of forest and dig operation.Its advantage is that the ball geometry is good, shortcoming is serious to the root system damage, the blade that need change different model could adapt to the excavation of multiple trees, and locate for being mainly used in city trees and shrubs department, orchard, forest farm, nursery etc., shoveling bulb diameter 40~100cm, be fit to China's national situation again, simple in structure, low-cost middle-size and small-size nursery stock transplanting machine has not yet to see the report of other formal product.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of self-propelled tree transplating machine, it is mainly used in city trees and shrubs department, orchard, forest farm, nursery etc. and locates, and shoveling bulb diameter 40~100cm is fit to China's national situation, simple in structure, low price.
Realize a kind of self-propelled tree transplating machine of above-mentioned technical purpose, comprise and transplant parts, control system, engine, wanigan and rubber belt track self-propelled chassis, it is characterized in that: transplant parts by perching knife assembly, bucket assembly, hoisting frame, main frame and hydraulic system are formed.Transplant parts and be articulated in the place ahead of rubber belt track self-propelled chassis by main frame, engine is installed in the centre of rubber belt track self-propelled chassis, and control system and wanigan are positioned at the both sides, front and back of engine.Hoisting frame is installed on the track of main frame, and perching knife assembly and bucket assembly are installed on the hoisting frame, and the perching knife assembly is positioned at the below of bucket assembly.Bucket assembly comprises folding oil cylinder, scraper bowl, slide block, scraper bowl track and bucket cylinder, the folding oil cylinder is installed in the below of bucket assembly, bucket cylinder is fixed on the hoisting frame, the piston of bucket cylinder and scraper bowl and slide block are fixed together, be positioned at the below of bucket assembly, three scraper bowls in left, center, right are part round platform curve form, and last radius surface is big, following radius surface is little and cutting edge is arranged, and along the circumferential direction arranges.The perching knife assembly comprises perching knife oil cylinder, Connection Block, shovel arm and perching knife, the perching knife oil cylinder is fixed on the hoisting frame, Connection Block on perching knife oil cylinder piston and the shovel arm is installed together, and two perching knives are installed in respectively on the shovel arm of transplanting the parts both sides, and the perching knife arm axle is fixed on the hoisting frame.Bucket cylinder and perching knife oil cylinder are provided with travel switch.And described transplanting parts are articulated on the conventional tractor.
During work, distributor by control hydraulic system, at first open perching knife, scraper bowl, by adjusting the position of transplanter, to be dug forest and be placed the scraper bowl center, then hoisting frame be moved down, perching knife, scraper bowl are placed on the ground, handle the perching knife oil cylinder and two perching knives are buried play the effect of earth anchor, in case the reaction force on ground lifts entire machine during work.And then handle bucket cylinder and will dig under the scraper bowl to the degree of depth that requires, by hoisting frame perching knife, scraper bowl and forest are proposed ground simultaneously, unclamp perching knife, scraper bowl at last, the forest that root is had the circular platform type soil block is put into plastic basin, to improve the forest survival rate, convenient transportation.
Advantage of the present invention is the complicated soil condition that can adapt to the city, also can operation in the more place of stone, rubble; The productivity ratio height, generally can than artificial raising 5-6 doubly more than, and cost can descend more than 50%; The survival rate height almost can reach 100%; But in the operation season that proper extension is transplanted, survival rate was also very high when not only spring but also rainy season in summer and autumn transplanted, even also can transplant in south winter; Alleviate labor strength, improved the safety of operation.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is the self-propelled tree transplating machine structural representation.
Fig. 2 transplants block diagram.
Fig. 3 is a perching knife assembly schematic diagram
Fig. 4 is the perching knife schematic diagram
Fig. 5 is the bucket assembly schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the scraper bowl schematic diagram.
Among the figure: 1. perching knife assembly 101. perching knife oil cylinders 102. Connection Blocks 103. shovel arms 104. perching knives;
2. bucket assembly; 201. folding oil cylinder; 202. scraper bowl; 203. slide block; 204. scraper bowl track; 205. bucket cylinder;
3. hoisting frame; 4. main frame; 5. control system; 6. hydraulic system; 7. engine; 8. wanigan; 9. rubber belt track self-propelled chassis;
Embodiment
Fig. 1 is the structural scheme of mechanism of self-propelled tree transplating machine, comprises perching knife assembly 1, bucket assembly 2, hoisting frame 3, main frame 4, control system 5, hydraulic system 6, engine 7, wanigan 8 and rubber belt track self-propelled chassis 9.Transplant parts and be articulated in the place ahead of rubber belt track self-propelled chassis 9 by main frame 4, engine 7 is installed in the centre of rubber belt track self-propelled chassis 9, and control system 5 and wanigan 8 are positioned at the both sides, front and back of engine.Hoisting frame 3 is installed on the track of main frame 4, can move up and down along track.Perching knife assembly 1 and bucket assembly 2 are installed on the hoisting frame 3, and perching knife assembly 1 is positioned at the below of bucket assembly 2.Bucket assembly 2 comprises folding oil cylinder 201, scraper bowl 202, slide block 203, scraper bowl track 204 and bucket cylinder 205, and folding oil cylinder 201 is installed in the below of bucket assembly 1, is used for controlling the folding degree of left and right sides scraper bowl; Bucket cylinder 205 is fixed on the hoisting frame 3, the piston of bucket cylinder 205 and scraper bowl 202 and slide block 203 are fixed together, be positioned at the below of bucket assembly 2, three scraper bowls 202 in left, center, right are part round platform curve form, last radius surface is big, following radius surface is little and cutting edge is arranged, and along the circumferential direction arranges.Bucket cylinder 205 is by driving the slide block 203 that is fixed together with scraper bowl 202, three scraper bowls 202 in left, center, right are moved when arriving bottommost along scraper bowl track 204, three scraper bowl 202 curved surfaces just in time can contain a curved surface Rotary-table, and this also is the shape of native ball.Perching knife assembly 1 comprises perching knife oil cylinder 101, Connection Block 102, shovel arm 103 and perching knife 104.Perching knife oil cylinder 101 is fixed on the hoisting frame, and the Connection Block 102 on perching knife oil cylinder 101 pistons and the shovel arm 103 is installed together, and two perching knives 104 are installed in respectively on the shovel arm 103 of transplanting the parts both sides, and the perching knife arm axle is fixed on the hoisting frame 3.Perching knife 104 can play earth anchor and cut off the effect of forest bottom coring around the rotation of perching knife arm axle by shovel arm 103.Perching knife 104 heads are wide and thin and have cutting edge, postmedian narrow and thick, are for proof strength, reduce soil-entering resistance again as far as possible.Bucket cylinder and perching knife oil cylinder are provided with travel switch, are used for limiting the working range of perching knife 104 and scraper bowl 202.
During work, power is by engine 7 outputs, make hydraulic system 6 in running order, the distributor of control hydraulic system, at first open left and right sides perching knife 104 and scraper bowl 202, adjust the position of rubber belt track self-propelled chassis 9, to be dug forest places three scraper bowls 202 to surround the center in space, then hoisting frame 3 is moved down, perching knife 104 and scraper bowl 202 are placed on the ground, handle earlier perching knife oil cylinder 102 two perching knives 104 buried, handle bucket cylinder 205 again scraper bowl is dug for 202 times to the degree of depth that requires, by hoisting frame 3 with perching knife 104, scraper bowl 202 and forest propose ground simultaneously, at last by manually from wanigan 8, taking out plastic basin, handle perching knife oil cylinder 101, folding oil cylinder 201 unclamps perching knife 104 and scraper bowl 202, and the forest that root is had the circular platform type soil block is put into plastic basin, finishes the one action process.

Claims (2)

1. self-propelled tree transplating machine, comprise the transplanting parts, control system (5), engine (7), wanigan (8) and rubber belt track self-propelled chassis (9), it is characterized in that: transplant parts by perching knife assembly (1), bucket assembly (2), hoisting frame (3), main frame (4) and hydraulic system (6) are formed, the transplanting parts are articulated in the place ahead of rubber belt track self-propelled chassis (9) by main frame (4), engine (7) is installed in the centre of rubber belt track self-propelled chassis (9), control system (5) and wanigan (8) are positioned at the both sides, front and back of engine, hoisting frame (3) is installed on the track of main frame (4), perching knife assembly (1) and bucket assembly (2) are installed on the hoisting frame (3), and perching knife assembly (1) is positioned at the below of bucket assembly (2); Bucket assembly (2) comprises folding oil cylinder (201), scraper bowl (202), slide block (203), scraper bowl track (204) and bucket cylinder (205), folding oil cylinder (201) is installed in the below of bucket assembly (2), bucket cylinder (205) is fixed on the hoisting frame (3), the piston of bucket cylinder (205) and scraper bowl (202) and slide block (203) are fixed together, be positioned at the below of bucket assembly (2), three scraper bowls in left, center, right (202) are part round platform curve form, last radius surface is big, following radius surface is little and cutting edge is arranged, and along the circumferential direction arranges; Perching knife assembly (1) comprises perching knife oil cylinder (101), Connection Block (102), shovel arm (103) and perching knife (104), perching knife oil cylinder (101) is fixed on the hoisting frame (3), Connection Block (102) on perching knife oil cylinder (101) piston and the shovel arm (103) is installed together, two perching knives (104) are installed in respectively on the shovel arm (103) of transplanting the parts both sides, and the perching knife arm axle is fixed on the hoisting frame (3); Bucket cylinder (205) and perching knife oil cylinder (101) are provided with travel switch.
2. self-propelled tree transplating machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described transplanting parts are articulated on the conventional tractor.
CN 200710020589 2007-03-13 2007-03-13 Self-propelled tree transplating machine CN101019498A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102524017A (en) * 2012-02-02 2012-07-04 舞钢市星河机械制造有限责任公司 Tree digging and transplanting machine
CN102804961A (en) * 2012-05-17 2012-12-05 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Device for collecting and transplanting emerging plants
CN104067903A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-01 安徽三普机械有限公司 Slewing bearing device for live tree transplanting tree mover
CN105475089A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-04-13 江苏省丰垒果蔬特种机械研制有限公司 Multifunctional unmanned tree mover
CN106613742A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-05-10 许建芹 Intelligent landscape tree transplanting robot
CN108934901A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-12-07 安徽香妃茶业有限公司 A kind of tea tree planting device
CN109258009A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-01-25 林伊莱 A kind of planting tree is with can convenient digging apparatus
CN110036864A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-07-23 邹晓飞 A kind of Chinese garden planting transplanting tree device
CN110301322A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-08 江苏文嘉勄木塑装备制造有限公司 Bamboo combined platform is cut down in a kind of mechanization

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102524017A (en) * 2012-02-02 2012-07-04 舞钢市星河机械制造有限责任公司 Tree digging and transplanting machine
CN102804961A (en) * 2012-05-17 2012-12-05 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Device for collecting and transplanting emerging plants
CN102804961B (en) * 2012-05-17 2014-06-25 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Device for collecting and transplanting emerging plants
CN104067903A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-01 安徽三普机械有限公司 Slewing bearing device for live tree transplanting tree mover
CN104067903B (en) * 2014-07-07 2016-08-17 安徽三普智能重工有限公司 A kind of rotary supporting device transplanting tree mover for the tree that lives
CN105475089A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-04-13 江苏省丰垒果蔬特种机械研制有限公司 Multifunctional unmanned tree mover
WO2017121220A1 (en) * 2016-01-14 2017-07-20 江苏省丰垒果蔬特种机械研制有限公司 Multifunctional unmanned tree digging machine
CN106613742A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-05-10 许建芹 Intelligent landscape tree transplanting robot
CN108934901A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-12-07 安徽香妃茶业有限公司 A kind of tea tree planting device
CN109258009A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-01-25 林伊莱 A kind of planting tree is with can convenient digging apparatus
CN109258009B (en) * 2018-11-16 2020-12-18 嘉兴市盛康信息科技有限公司 Trees are planted with device that can conveniently dig pit
CN110036864A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-07-23 邹晓飞 A kind of Chinese garden planting transplanting tree device
CN110301322A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-08 江苏文嘉勄木塑装备制造有限公司 Bamboo combined platform is cut down in a kind of mechanization

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Open date: 20070822