CN107853048A - The method for planting of intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree - Google Patents

The method for planting of intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107853048A
CN107853048A CN201711068406.3A CN201711068406A CN107853048A CN 107853048 A CN107853048 A CN 107853048A CN 201711068406 A CN201711068406 A CN 201711068406A CN 107853048 A CN107853048 A CN 107853048A
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China
Prior art keywords
mulberry
silkworm
leaf
summer
intercropping
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CN201711068406.3A
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CN107853048B (en
Inventor
李勇
邓文
于翠
胡兴明
熊超
莫荣利
朱志贤
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Institute of Economic Crop of Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science
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Institute of Economic Crop of Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/06Coating or dressing seed

Abstract

The invention discloses the method for planting of intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree, and this method is using mulberry tree+mulberry tree.The Second Year spring of mulberry is routinely being planted, is making "Hur" mulberry graft, Hybrid Mulberry between in the ranks in mulberry tree or carry out mulberry sapling of growing directly from seeds to cultivate.It was verified that new mulberry orchard Sang Sang intercroppings are then with regard to that can reach high yield good harvest.Sang Sang intercroppings can effectively improve mulberry field space and the efficiency of light energy utilization, and unit area total number and total bar length increase considerably, improved for leaf yield and established group structure basis.According to experiment, Sang Sang intercropping whole year leaf yields can increase by 30 more than ﹪.

Description

The method for planting of intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree
Technical field
The invention belongs to mulberry tree Interplanting technique field, specifically, is related to the method for planting of intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree.
Background technology
Planting mulberry and breeding silkworm have a long history in China, mulberry field intercropping early in《Farming and sericulture summary》、《Qimin yaoshu》、 《Agriculture book is mended afterwards》Deng in ancient agriculture literatures it is just on the books.With the in-depth that the development of Sericultural production, people are recognized the natural law, mulberry field Intercropping technology is continuously available development, creates numerous Commercial cultivation patterns.
In terms of ecological viewpoint, mulberry field production is the production process of a conversion natural resources.The height of mulberry field productivity Depend primarily on the utilization ratio of mulberry field biocoene to luminous energy and other natural resources over time and space.Covered between mulberry field Kind, the steroscopic phytobiocenose structure of a multi-level multiple types can be formed, can undoubtedly increase luminous energy and its utilizing for Vegetation space is imitated Rate.Mulberry field intercropping can make mulberry tree and interrow crop form organized community and three-dimensional light, reduce the damage of light leak and reflected light Lose, improve the efficiency of light energy utilization.Mulberry field intercropping also makes root amount in the soil of unit volume increase, and improves soil moisture and supports That divides absorbs, to CO in regulation mulberry field2Supply, which improves photosynthetic efficiency, positive effect.Mulberry field intercropping still improves silkworm Mulberry economic benefit, optimize allocation of resources and lifted the objective requirement of industrial competitiveness.Soil in common mulberry field, light, temperature, moisture, The natural resources such as nutrient are omitted seriously, and China has a large population and a few land, shortage of land resource, can be increased by reasonable intercropping multiple Kind of index, so as to improve the utilization rate of the resources such as mulberry field soil, light, temperature, the loss of wherein soil shallow-layer nutrition covers between passing through Kind can reduce by 60 ﹪.
At present, it is badly in need of a kind of method for planting for the intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree for improving yield in the prior art.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method for planting for the intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree for improving yield.Change tradition Mulberry cultivation pattern " 1 year plant mulberry, 2 years be molded, 3 years take effect ", carry out mulberry field intercropping mulberry tree can effectively improve mulberry field Space and the efficiency of light energy utilization, unit area total number and total bar length increase considerably, and are improved for leaf yield and have established group structure Basis, reach Sang Sang intercroppings then with regard to high yield good harvest can be reached.
Its concrete technical scheme is:
The method for planting of intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, intercropping mulberry field "Hur" mulberry graft planting technique
The graft for having urged bud when 5 ㎝ ground temperature stabilization is at 15 DEG C, is transplanted to the whole good mulberry field in soil in the ranks by spring. Mulberry field can in the ranks plant 3 row grafts, and line-spacing 37 ㎝, spacing in the rows l0 ㎝, 667 ㎡ can 1.3 ten thousand plants of nursery.Mid-autumn in summer uses part seedling leaf Silkworm, 5 age of late fall glutonous stage are fed, beta pruning bar feeds silkworm.2~3, leaf is stayed at the top of middle row graft seedling branch, it is early to prevent hibernaculum Hair, remaining two row graft seedling do not stay leaf, cut off and feed silkworm.Winter excludes two row graft seedlings, only stays middle row, and this Row digs one plant every one plant, by the nursery stock excluded separately building well.
Spring next year, graft mulberry cut its branch in 5 age of spring glutonous stage and feed silkworm, and summer in the normal summer cuts down, and every plant is stayed 2, fist, every Individual fist stays bar 2.5 age of summer glutonous stage dredges bar and feeds silkworm, and mid-autumn uses part piece leaf, 5 age of late fall glutonous stage combination top clipping, used Bar mulberry feeds silkworm.The branch of graft mulberry tree base portion is stayed in, 2~3, leaf is stayed at top, is early sent out to prevent hibernaculum.
Silkworm is fed in 3rd year spring graft mulberry soil using branch, and summer excludes.
Step 2, intercropping mulberry field Hybrid Mulberry planting technique
Make 2 row cross hybrid seedlings, the ㎝ of line-spacing 37, the ㎝ of spacing in the rows 10 between in the ranks in mulberry tree.Because Hybrid Mulberry well developed root system, growth are prosperous Contain, should focus on rationally cutting cutting down when trunk grows to 80 ㎝.Silkworm summer, glutonous stage 5 age then, top branch is cut off to Hybrid Mulberry and feeds silkworm, The ㎝ of bar 80 is stayed, allows its side shoot to sprout.Mid-autumn stays a strong branch continued growth, and remaining side shoot, which is all cut to cut down, feeds silkworm.Age in late fall 5 contains The food phase, with reference to top clipping, cut off top branch and feed silkworm.Winter digs one plant to Hybrid Mulberry every one plant.Next year, bar can be used to Hybrid Mulberry Sang Yu, which is cut, to be cut down.Late fall silkworm rearing season cut it is weak stay strong, stay 2~3, leaf at the top of branch.In 3rd year summer, exclude Hybrid Mulberry.
Step 3, intercropping mulberry field grow directly from seeds mulberry sapling plant pattern
In the ranks carry out mulberry sapling of growing directly from seeds in new mulberry orchard mulberry tree to cultivate.Type of seeding, which is divided to, broadcasts sowing and two kinds of drilling.
Step 4, field management
(1), irrigation and drainage:After planting to keep ground moistening, it is easily local at water source, the next day diversion irrigation, it is unsuitable to pour water Higher than furrow face, speed row fast is filled, against flood;The place of diversion inconvenience, should each water drenching sooner or later daily once., should such as heavy rain Timely ponding of draining.
(2) grass, is taken off:After planting 7d~10d, mulberry sapling are unearthed successively, after deploying 2 cotyledons to most of seedling, you can take off Uncapping grass.Take off grass preferably to carry out at the cloudy day or at dusk, such as arid or Exposure to Sunlight is too quickly, should take off grass by several times, dry up to prevent mulberry sapling.
(3), thinning:This is the requisite measure for ensureing nursery stock quantity and quality.Typically when mulberry sapling grows 2~3 true leaves First time thinning can be carried out, by ㎝ of spacing in the rows 3 or so, overstocked, tiny seedling is taken out;When mulberry sapling grows 5~6 true leaves Again thinning once, ㎝ of spacing in the rows 5 or so.Thinning is preferably carried out after the rain or after water drenching, as nursery stock it is excessively thin can carry out after the rain Transplant seedlings after-culture.
(4), top dressing:, should be according to the timely top dressing of seedling growth situation in addition to basal dressing, general seedling stage top dressing 2~3 times.Chase after Fertilizer can use urea or night soil, under first time top dressing is applied when seedling grows 3~4 true leaves, later according to circumstances in mulberry sapling leaf Applied before discoloration is yellow, top dressing will follow the principle of " by light to dense, thin duty of applying is applied ".First time top dressing can 667 ㎡ apply urea 3kg ~4kg, nursery stock is shaken once with leaf after fertilising, avoids fertilizer from sticking on blade and is burnt.Pay attention to simultaneously and N, P, K are fertile Compounding application.Miao Ye is slightly thin, foliage dressing can be carried out, to improve the food value of leaf.
(5), weeding:Weeds can fight for nutrient and moisture with mulberry sapling, thus weeding will " except it is early, except it is small, except ", typically exist Throw off lid grass after timely weeding, later according to field conditions can combine thinning carry out weeding.
(6), picking leaves:5 age of summer glutonous stage can cut part branch and feed silkworm, and middle late fall beta pruning bar feeds silkworm.
(7), the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
Before spring germination and the summer cut down after spray that mulberry worm is clear or 50 ﹪ acephatemets, 1000 times of liquid;Summer, season in mid-autumn two, which breed silkworms, to be terminated 10d afterwards or before collecting ants, sprays 1000 times of liquid of 80 ﹪ DDVP, 1000 times of liquid or 40 ﹪ flolimats.
Further, in step 3, described broadcasting sowing is after mulberry seed is mixed thoroughly with 4~5 times of sands or fine earth, to be equably sprinkling upon Whole good mulberry tree is in the ranks in furrow face, then gently sweeps furrow face with broom, and with plank flicking, mulberry seed is in close contact with soil. 667 ㎡ mulberry seed 400g~500g.Then can nursery stock wood more than 50,000 plants.Drilling is that seed furrow is first opened in furrow face, then Seed is sprinkling upon in seed furrow, general seed furrow and furrow to vertical, the ㎝ of the ㎝ of drains spacing 15~20 ㎝, the ㎝ of ditch depth 8~10, wide 8 ㎝~ 10 ㎝, bottom of trench is flat, and soil will fully be smashed and is slightly compacted, and ensures emergence homogeneous.To prevent sun exposure and rain drop erosion, broadcast After kind furrow face is covered using straw etc..
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention:
1st, intercropping mulberry field "Hur" mulberry graft planting technique
In addition to the leaf that can collect seedling then feeds silkworm, "Hur" mulberry seedling can also be sold, so as to increase substantially the economic benefit in mulberry field, Mu economic benefit can increase by 30%;If what is made is Hybrid Mulberry, autumn stump mulberry shoot harvesting, with reference to Cocooning as bar mulberry Educate and use leaf, mu Sang He kinds amount can increase by more than 35%.After general 3 years, the "Hur" mulberry tree-shaped of conventional building well is formed and entered substantially Enter high yield period, and now the germination percentage in spring and the food value of leaf can all decline Hybrid Mulberry, and the influence for being close to "Hur" mulberry can also be increased, especially It it is summer and autumn, branch inferior leads aging is serious, and many inconvenience can be all brought to picking leaves and managing of mulberry field.Can bud connects on the spot after stump Into "Hur" mulberry, go out garden then and sold as commercial seedling.
2nd, the mulberry sapling of growing directly from seeds (Hybrid Mulberry) in intercropping mulberry field
With seminal propagation, nursery is simple, and cost is low, and resistance to cut is cut down, and germinating power is strong.Under big loose water condition, the speed of growth is fast. Annual shoot rearing can be realized with reference to Cocooning, so as to which picking leaves and sericulture work efficiency be greatly improved.Between "Hur" mulberry and Hybrid Mulberry Make, it is different with harvesting approach due to supporting type, so distributed depth of the root system in soil is also different, soil can be effectively utilized The moisture and nutrient of middle different levels, realize young age mulberry field rapid high yield.Mulberry field Interplanting Hybrid Mulberry, 3 years later Hybrid Mulberries are on the spot Grafting goes out garden into "Hur" mulberry seedling, can be provided for new mulberry orchard kind satisfy the need, the breeding nursery stock of fresh high-quality, mulberry field can be greatly improved Economic benefit, mu can increase economic benefit 30%-40%.
3rd, the wasting of resources in mulberry field is reduced
Mulberry field intercropping mulberry tree pattern, its symbiotic population and three-dimensional light reduce the loss of light leak and reflected light, carried The high efficiency of light energy utilization.Multiple crop index is increased by intercropping, extends photosynthesis time, photosynthetic area can be increased, is continued Alternating reasonably utilizes luminous energy, so as to improve the biological yield in unit area.Intercropping also makes in the soil of unit volume Root amount increases, and improves absorbing for soil moisture and nutrient.Mulberry field intercropping can increase the air-flow between the plant of mulberry field, exchange CO in section garden2Supply, improving photosynthetic efficiency has positive effect.The natural resources such as soil, light, temperature, moisture, nutrient in common mulberry field Omit seriously, and China has a large population and a few land, shortage of land resource, can increase multiple crop index by reasonable intercropping, so as to carry The utilization rate of the resources such as high mulberry field soil, light, temperature, the wherein loss of soil shallow-layer nutrition can reduce by 60 ﹪ by intercropping, Sang Sang intercroppings can effectively improve unit area total number and the long 30%-35% of total bar, improved for leaf yield and established colony Architecture basics.
Embodiment
Technical scheme is described in more detail with reference to specific embodiment.
The method for planting of the intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree of the present invention is mulberry tree+mulberry tree.
Requirement of the intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree plant type to implantation time and mulberry tree spacing is as shown in table 1:
Table 1
The mulberry field intercropping mulberry tree planting technology of the present invention specifically includes following interplanting method:Mulberry tree interplants mulberry tree.
Embodiment is as follows:
First, intercropping mulberry field "Hur" mulberry graft planting technique
The graft for having urged bud when 5 ㎝ ground temperature stabilization is at 15 DEG C, is transplanted to the whole good mulberry field in soil in the ranks by spring. Mulberry field can in the ranks plant 3 row grafts, and line-spacing 37 ㎝, spacing in the rows l0 ㎝, 667 ㎡ can 1.3 ten thousand plants of nursery.Mid-autumn in summer uses part seedling leaf Silkworm, 5 age of late fall glutonous stage are fed, beta pruning bar feeds silkworm.2~3, leaf is stayed at the top of middle row graft seedling branch, it is early to prevent hibernaculum Hair, remaining two row graft seedling do not stay leaf, cut off and feed silkworm.Winter excludes two row graft seedlings, only stays middle row, and this Row digs one plant every one plant, by the nursery stock excluded separately building well.
Spring next year, graft mulberry cut its branch in 5 age of spring glutonous stage and feed silkworm, and summer in the normal summer cuts down, and every plant is stayed 2, fist, every Individual fist stays bar 2.5 age of summer glutonous stage dredges bar and feeds silkworm, and mid-autumn uses part piece leaf, 5 age of late fall glutonous stage combination top clipping, used Bar mulberry feeds silkworm.The branch of graft mulberry tree base portion is stayed in, 2~3, leaf is stayed at top, is early sent out to prevent hibernaculum.
Silkworm is fed in 3rd year spring graft mulberry soil using branch, and summer excludes.
2nd, intercropping mulberry field Hybrid Mulberry planting technique
Make 2 row cross hybrid seedlings, the ㎝ of line-spacing 37, the ㎝ of spacing in the rows 10 between in the ranks in mulberry tree.Because Hybrid Mulberry well developed root system, growth are prosperous Contain, should focus on rationally cutting cutting down when trunk grows to 80 ㎝.Silkworm summer, glutonous stage 5 age then, top branch is cut off to Hybrid Mulberry and feeds silkworm, The ㎝ of bar 80 is stayed, allows its side shoot to sprout.Mid-autumn stays a strong branch continued growth, and remaining side shoot, which is all cut to cut down, feeds silkworm.Age in late fall 5 contains The food phase, with reference to top clipping, cut off top branch and feed silkworm.Winter digs one plant to Hybrid Mulberry every one plant.Next year, bar can be used to Hybrid Mulberry Sang Yu, which is cut, to be cut down.Late fall silkworm rearing season cut it is weak stay strong, stay 2~3, leaf at the top of branch.In 3rd year summer, exclude Hybrid Mulberry.
3rd, intercropping mulberry field grow directly from seeds mulberry sapling (Hybrid Mulberry) plant pattern
In the ranks carry out mulberry sapling of growing directly from seeds (Hybrid Mulberry) in new mulberry orchard mulberry tree to cultivate.Type of seeding, which is divided to, broadcasts sowing and two kinds of drilling. It is after mulberry seed is mixed thoroughly with 4~5 times of sands or fine earth to broadcast sowing, and is equably sprinkling upon whole good mulberry tree in the ranks in furrow face, Ran Houyong Broom gently sweeps furrow face, and with plank flicking, mulberry seed is in close contact with soil.667 ㎡ mulberry seed 400g~500g.Then may be used More than 50,000 plants of nursery stock wood.Drilling is that seed furrow is first opened in furrow face, then seed is sprinkling upon in seed furrow, general seed furrow With furrow to vertical, the ㎝ of the ㎝ of the ㎝ of drains spacing 15~20 ㎝, the ㎝ of ditch depth 8~10, wide 8 ㎝~10, bottom of trench is flat, and soil will be smashed fully Slightly it is compacted, ensures emergence homogeneous.To prevent sun exposure and rain drop erosion, after planting furrow face is covered using straw etc..
4th, field management
1st, irrigation and drainage.After planting to keep ground moistening, it is easily local at water source, the next day diversion irrigation, unsuitable height of pouring water In furrow face, speed row fast is filled, against flood;The place of diversion inconvenience, should each water drenching sooner or later daily once.Such as heavy rain, should and When drain ponding.
2nd, grass is taken off.After planting 7d~10d, mulberry sapling are unearthed successively, after deploying 2 cotyledons to most of seedling, you can throw off Lid grass.Take off grass preferably to carry out at the cloudy day or at dusk, such as arid or Exposure to Sunlight is too quickly, should take off grass by several times, dry up to prevent mulberry sapling.
3rd, thinning.This is the requisite measure for ensureing nursery stock quantity and quality.Typically can when mulberry sapling grows 2~3 true leaves First time thinning is carried out, by ㎝ of spacing in the rows 3 or so, overstocked, tiny seedling is taken out;When mulberry sapling grows 5~6 true leaves again Thinning once, ㎝ of spacing in the rows 5 or so.Thinning is preferably carried out after the rain or after water drenching, as nursery stock it is excessively thin can be moved after the rain Seedling after-culture.
4th, top dressing., should be according to the timely top dressing of seedling growth situation in addition to basal dressing, general seedling stage top dressing 2~3 times.Top dressing Urea or night soil can be used, under first time top dressing is applied when seedling grows 3~4 true leaves, later according to circumstances in mulberry sapling leaf color Applied before turning yellow, top dressing will follow the principle of " by light to dense, thin duty of applying is applied ".First time top dressing can 667 ㎡ apply urea 3kg~ 4kg, nursery stock is shaken once with leaf after fertilising, avoids fertilizer from sticking on blade and is burnt.Simultaneously pay attention to and N, P, K fertilizer Compounding application.Miao Ye is slightly thin, foliage dressing can be carried out, to improve the food value of leaf.
5th, weeding.Weeds can fight for nutrient and moisture with mulberry sapling, thus weeding will " except it is early, except it is small, except ", typically taking off Timely weeding after uncapping grass, it can combine thinning according to field conditions later and carry out weeding.
6th, picking leaves.5 age of summer glutonous stage can cut part branch and feed silkworm, and middle late fall beta pruning bar feeds silkworm.
7th, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
Before spring germination and the summer cut down after spray that mulberry worm is clear or 50 ﹪ acephatemets, 1000 times of liquid;Summer, season in mid-autumn two, which breed silkworms, to be terminated 10d afterwards or before collecting ants, sprays 1000 times of liquid of 80 ﹪ DDVP, 1000 times of liquid or 40 ﹪ flolimats.
The field of intercropping mulberry field of the present invention mulberry tree plant is distributed rationally and water and fertilizer management, harvest and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control etc. Field management measure;In terms of economic benefit, intercropping mulberry field "Hur" mulberry graft planting technique can increase substantially the warp in mulberry field Ji benefit, mu economic benefit can increase by 30%;If what is made is Hybrid Mulberry, autumn stump mulberry shoot harvesting, with reference to Cocooning As shoot rearing leaf, mu Sang He kinds amount can increase by more than 35%.Mulberry sapling of growing directly from seeds (Hybrid Mulberry) the plant skill in intercropping mulberry field The economic benefit in mulberry field can be greatly improved in art, and mu can increase economic benefit 30%-40%.Sang Sang intercroppings can effectively improve list Plane accumulates total number and the long 30%-35% of total bar, is improved for leaf yield and has established group structure basis.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention not limited to this, any ripe Those skilled in the art are known in the technical scope of present disclosure, the letter for the technical scheme that can be become apparent to Altered or equivalence replacement are each fallen within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the method for planting of intercropping mulberry field mulberry tree, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step 1, intercropping mulberry field "Hur" mulberry graft planting technique
The graft for having urged bud when 5 ㎝ ground temperature stabilization is at 15 DEG C, is transplanted to the whole good mulberry field in soil in the ranks by spring;Mulberry field In the ranks plant 3 row grafts, line-spacing 37 ㎝, spacing in the rows l0 ㎝, 667 1.3 ten thousand plants of ㎡ nursery;Mid-autumn in summer feeds silkworm, evening using part seedling leaf 5 age of autumn glutonous stage, beta pruning bar feed silkworm;2~3, leaf is stayed at the top of middle row graft seedling branch, is early sent out to prevent hibernaculum, remaining two Row graft seedling does not stay leaf, cuts off and feeds silkworm;Winter excludes two row graft seedlings, only stays middle row, and this line is every one plant One plant of plane, by the nursery stock excluded separately building well;
Spring next year, graft mulberry cut its branch in 5 age of spring glutonous stage and feed silkworm, and summer in the normal summer is cut down, and every plant is stayed 2, fist, each fist Stay bar 2;5 age of summer glutonous stage dredges bar and feeds silkworm, and mid-autumn uses part piece leaf, 5 age of late fall glutonous stage combination top clipping, using bar mulberry Feed silkworm;The branch of graft mulberry tree base portion is stayed in, 2~3, leaf is stayed at top, is early sent out to prevent hibernaculum;
Silkworm is fed in 3rd year spring graft mulberry soil using branch, and summer excludes;
Step 2, intercropping mulberry field Hybrid Mulberry planting technique
Make 2 row cross hybrid seedlings, the ㎝ of line-spacing 37, the ㎝ of spacing in the rows 10 between in the ranks in mulberry tree;Due to Hybrid Mulberry well developed root system, growth is vigorous, when Trunk should be focused on rationally cutting cutting down when growing to 80 ㎝;Silkworm summer, glutonous stage 5 age then, top branch is cut off to Hybrid Mulberry and feeds silkworm, stays bar 80 ㎝, its side shoot is allowed to sprout;Mid-autumn stays a strong branch continued growth, and remaining side shoot, which is all cut to cut down, feeds silkworm;Age in late fall 5 contains food Phase, with reference to top clipping, cut off top branch and feed silkworm;Winter digs one plant to Hybrid Mulberry every one plant;Next year, shoot rearing is used to Hybrid Mulberry Cut and cut down;Late fall silkworm rearing season cut it is weak stay strong, stay 2~3, leaf at the top of branch;In 3rd year summer, exclude Hybrid Mulberry;
Step 3, intercropping mulberry field grow directly from seeds mulberry sapling plant pattern
In the ranks carry out mulberry sapling of growing directly from seeds in new mulberry orchard mulberry tree to cultivate;Type of seeding, which is divided to, broadcasts sowing and two kinds of drilling;
Step 4, field management
(1), irrigation and drainage:After planting to keep ground moistening, it is easily local at water source, the next day diversion irrigation, pouring water to be higher than Furrow face, speed row fast is filled, against flood;The place of diversion inconvenience, should each water drenching sooner or later daily once;, should be timely such as heavy rain Drain ponding;
(2) grass, is taken off:After planting 7d~10d, mulberry sapling are unearthed successively, after deploying 2 cotyledons to most of seedling, that is, throw off lid grass; Take off grass preferably to carry out at the cloudy day or at dusk, such as arid or Exposure to Sunlight is too quickly, should take off grass by several times, dry up to prevent mulberry sapling;
(3), thinning:This is the requisite measure for ensureing nursery stock quantity and quality;Typically carried out when mulberry sapling grows 2~3 true leaves First time thinning, by the ㎝ of spacing in the rows 3, overstocked, tiny seedling is taken out;Thinning one again when mulberry sapling grows 5~6 true leaves It is secondary, the ㎝ of spacing in the rows 5;Thinning is preferably carried out after the rain or after water drenching, as the excessively thin place of nursery stock carries out after-culture of transplanting seedlings after the rain;
(4), top dressing:, should be according to the timely top dressing of seedling growth situation in addition to basal dressing, general seedling stage top dressing 2~3 times;Top dressing is used Urea or night soil, under first time top dressing is applied when seedling grows 3~4 true leaves, according to circumstances turn yellow later in mulberry sapling leaf color Apply before, top dressing will follow the principle of " by light to dense, thin to apply diligent apply ";The ㎡ of first time top dressing 667 applies urea 3kg~4kg, applies Nursery stock is shaken once with leaf after fertilizer, avoids fertilizer from sticking on blade and is burnt;Pay attention to simultaneously and the cooperation of N, P, K fertilizer is applied With;Miao Ye is slightly thin, foliage dressing is carried out, to improve the food value of leaf;
(5), weeding:Weeds can fight for nutrient and moisture with mulberry sapling, thus weeding will " except it is early, except it is small, except ", typically throwing off Timely weeding after lid grass, carries out weeding according to field conditions combination thinning later;
(6), picking leaves:5 age of summer glutonous stage cuts part branch and feeds silkworm, and middle late fall beta pruning bar feeds silkworm;
(7), the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
Before spring germination and the summer cut down after spray that mulberry worm is clear or 50 ﹪ acephatemets, 1000 times of liquid;Summer, season in mid-autumn two breed silkworms terminate after or 10d before collecting ants, spray 1000 times of liquid of 80 ﹪ DDVP, 1000 times of liquid or 40 ﹪ flolimats.
2. the method for planting of intercropping mulberry field according to claim 1 mulberry tree, it is characterised in that described in step 3 It is after mulberry seed is mixed thoroughly with 4~5 times of sands or fine earth to broadcast sowing, and is equably sprinkling upon whole good mulberry tree in the ranks in furrow face, Ran Houyong Broom gently sweeps furrow face, and with plank flicking, mulberry seed is in close contact with soil;667 ㎡ mulberry seed 400g~500g;Go out then More than 50,000 plants of garden nursery stock;Drilling be first seed furrow is opened in furrow face, then seed is sprinkling upon in seed furrow, general seed furrow with Furrow are to vertical, and the ㎝ of the ㎝ of the ㎝ of drains spacing 15~20 ㎝, the ㎝ of ditch depth 8~10, wide 8 ㎝~10, bottom of trench is flat, and soil will fully smash summary Compacting, ensure emergence homogeneous;To prevent sun exposure and rain drop erosion, after planting using rice straw mulching furrow face.
CN201711068406.3A 2017-11-03 2017-11-03 Method for planting mulberry trees in intercropping and interplanting mulberry field Expired - Fee Related CN107853048B (en)

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CN112493045A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-03-16 湖北省农业科学院经济作物研究所 Mulberry plug seedling method
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