CN107594013A - A kind of dandelion black tea and its production method - Google Patents

A kind of dandelion black tea and its production method Download PDF

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CN107594013A
CN107594013A CN201710885690.7A CN201710885690A CN107594013A CN 107594013 A CN107594013 A CN 107594013A CN 201710885690 A CN201710885690 A CN 201710885690A CN 107594013 A CN107594013 A CN 107594013A
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tea
dandelion
taraxacum
bar
black tea
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张志年
张奎昌
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Jiangsu Qianyaotang Traditional Chinese Medicine Research Institute Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Qianyaotang Traditional Chinese Medicine Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

Technical scheme discloses a kind of dandelion black tea and the production method of the tea.Dandelion black tea is by weight being 1 by dandelion black tea and commercially available finished product black tea:After 0.25 0.85 ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, after 105 DEG C of baking 15min, taking-up is let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, is vacuumized packaging and is formed.The dandelion black tea of the present invention, also further through crushing quantitative separating in filter paper bag, through sealing, sterilizing, the obtained dandelion black tea tea bag product of process such as pack.Instant invention overcomes the deficiency of high temperature frying dandelion black tea, it is as clear as crystal that product brews rear millet paste, smell delicate fragrance, free from extraneous odour, adds happiness drink property of the people to dandelion herb tea.Product of the present invention can not only meet the needs of the effect of people are to dandelion, also drink the people of black tea for hobby while have benefited from taste and the effect of black tea.Tea bag to people provide one kind be easy to carry, the convenient product packaging of Instant Drinks, added to people to more selections of drinking tea.

Description

A kind of dandelion black tea and its production method
Technical field
The invention belongs to drink tea field.It is related to a kind of dandelion black tea and its production method.
Background technology
The present invention is matched using the black tea that dandelion makes and existing commercially available black tea, and one plant tea of production is nutritious, brews The dandelion black tea product that soup look is as clear as crystal, taste is sweet and refreshing, it is allowed to be worth the effect of both having benefited from dandelion, at the same it is beneficial again In the beneficial effect of black tea.Black tea is mainly the full fermentation tea formed through everfermentation.So-called fermentation, be substantially make tealeaves Central Plains without The polyphenols of color, oxypolymer -- the black tea color of red is formd under the catalytic action of polyphenol oxidase, after oxidation Element.A this pigment part can be dissolved in water, and the millet paste of red is formed after brewing, a part of not soluble in water, be accumulated in blade, make Blade becomes red.By can the food materials of edible medicinal be fabricated to tea, be at present many relevant enterprises prepare tea-drinking application raw material and Method, however, because the attribute of many edible medicinal protophyte is different, habit is different with environment, its edible or medicinal plant The quality and chemical composition of thing are different, and method is adopted using tealeaves tea making in tea making process, cause many commercially available Teas product is all a kind of universal process, and this not only makes the mouthfeel of various teas products bad, presents the blue or green taste of grass Or be charred taste, while because not taking the change of medi-edible plant chemical composition in preparation technology into account yet, cause product without or lose original Some functional results, or even produce poisonous side effect.The preparation method of existing dandelion herb tea, Chinese patent, documents and materials In have more report, the production method of dandelion root tea as disclosed in Chinese patent CN1366829A, its method is that Pu is public The root of English cleans the segment for being cut into 5 millimeters, is subsequently placed in baking box, is dried in 200-300 DEG C of temperature, is being steamed after taking-up Steamed 15 minutes in cage, Temperature fall after taking-up, then being crushed with pulverizer makes particle below 3 millimeters, then is put into frying pan At a temperature of 500-1000 DEG C, fry more than 3 minutes, fry untill color is light brown, normal temperature is down in taking-up, you can packaging.By This is visible, although dandelion has been fabricated to the instant tea that color after being soaked with boiling water is red sauce by the technical scheme, its by Contain substantial amounts of white juice in the root of dandelion, after chopping, its juice is excessive, can make its Cauterizeization surely after high temperature, then will Its frying under 500-1000 DEG C of hot conditions, Cauterizeization and the final chemical composition for making radix tarxaci of carbonization produce the change of matter, The taste of its product is caf, and its nutritious possibility has not existed, in certain in meaning from the point of view of, will not also have Good health-care effect.The way of dandelion herb tea disclosed in network is:(1)The leaf of dandelion and bar are selected out respectively, it is stand-by, (2)The Folium Taraxacum and bar selected,(3)After Folium Taraxacum wash water, salting steeps 3 minutes,(4)Control water,(5)Segment,(6)Iron pan burns Heat, dandelion enter pot, and big fire is fried,(7)After frying water outlet, excessive moisture is poured out, turns moderate heat fried dry moisture,(8)Obtain dandelion moisture When few, turn small fire, be held by hand frying, can perceive the grasp to temperature, humidity, the duration and degree of heating in tea frying, frying production method with tea frying method, (9)Soon into bar, into tea.It is dense into yellowish-brown, bitter taste that the dandelion that this method makes brews millet paste.Dandelion contains albumen Matter, fat, carbohydrate, crude fibre, multivitamin, amino acid and micro and macro minerals, utilizing routine Method for preparing tea carry out high temperature frying, due to white juice, protein, fat, carbon contained by dandelion can be made under the condition of high temperature The compositions such as hydrate, vitamin produce the change of matter, form Cauterize pasty masses, and its cellulosic material can also produce Cauterizeization, lead It is in Cauterize pasty states to cause its manufactured goods outward appearance, and it is muddy to brew millet paste, causes potability poor, influences people and dandelion herb tea is difficult to The psychology of receiving.In order to make people while the nutrition of dandelion and health-care effect is had benefited from, enjoy again and drink Pu public affairs The pleasant sensation and pleasure of tea, overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of dandelion black tea.
The present invention also aims to provide a kind of production method of dandelion black tea.
In order to realize the present invention, following technical scheme is specifically employed:
A kind of dandelion black tea, it is characterized in that being 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and black tea:0.25-0.85 ratio mixing After uniformly, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, after toasting 15min, taking-up is let cool to room temperature, through quantitative Dispense, vacuumize packaging and be process;Wherein Pu public affairs black tea is using dandelion greens as raw material, is made by following methods:(1)Choosing Select and grow the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;(2)By what is plucked Fresh dandelion greens spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;The frame that withers sets up 8-10 layers separately, every layer Spacing 25cm, the curtain that withers that every layer of one thin bamboo strips used for weaving of laying is woven into, the condition of withering require that every layer of stand leaf thickness is 5-10cm, and wither room door Mouth is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture evaporation;Wither Indoor Temperature For degree at 26-28 DEG C, withering time is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither;(3)Will Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm cut tobacco;(4)By the cut tobacco cut with clean stranding Plate is rubbed or rubbed with hand rubbing, cut tobacco is substantially crimped, and is treated that leaf juice is overflowed and is attached on blade face, when hand rubbing has the lubrication to feel, then by leaf Group shakes up;(5)Cut tobacco after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, thick 10-15cm is expected, then covers one layer of wet cloth, send Enter on fermenting cellar fermenting frame, fermented indoors under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% 1.5-2 hours, treat tea silk Untill green-yellow is presented again by green change is yellowish green;(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, Knead into tea silk streak, holding has leaf juice excessive, and the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;(7)Will rubbing Tea bar afterwards is inserted in fermentation disk again, is expected thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, is sent on fermenting cellar fermenting frame, indoors Under the conditions of 26-28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;(8) The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 3-5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature is 18-25min is dried under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 35-50min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 3-4cm, temperature is 90-95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;(9)Will be dry Tea bar after dry, which takes out, to be let cool to room temperature, is weeded out smalls in tea bar, is produced dandelion black tea.
Described black tea is finished product black tea commercially available.
Above-mentioned steps(8)Described in drying, using heated-air drying or microwave drying or far-infrared ray drying.
With raising of the people to health perception and demand, increasing botanical is exploited, especially Medical and edible dual purpose plant with nutrition and health care effect constantly by the utilization of profound level, provides more convenient to people Eating method, there is the custom liked and drunk tea with reference to our people, various health protection teas are also arisen at the historic moment, with dietotherapeutic resource The tea product that dandelion makes, also by popular extensive receiving and application.
Dandelion(Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz)It is the public herbaceos perennial British of composite family, not Name Pu Gongcao, dandelion, Rhizoma Trillii Tschonoskii, grandmother's fourth etc., have a variety of congeners to be used as medicine, are referred to as taraxacum (Taraxacum officinade).
Dandelion originates in Europe, and substep is extremely wide, and the whole world about more than 2000 is planted, about 70 kinds of China and 1 mutation, at least 27 kinds Chinese medicine dandelion derives from this category, aboundresources.Conventionally dandelion is " key medicine of antipyretic cool blood " to the traditional Chinese medical science, " extremely low-priced And have big work(".Its bitter, sweet, Return liver cold in nature, stomach, have the effect of clearing heat and detoxicating, dispersing swelling and dissipating binds, inducing diuresis for treating strangurtia, are usually used in breast Bitterly, the disease such as lung pain, enterodynia, mumps, scrofula disease, treatment pyogenic infections from tumour or sore, hot eyes, pharyngalgia, warm jaundice, puckery pain of heat gonorrhea, snake bite and insect sting is among the people Also eat.Dandelion is included in the 3rd batch of dietotherapeutic Resource TOC by health ministry.
The nutritive value of dandelion:The edible rate of dandelion is up to 84%, and nutritive value enriches.According to surveying and determination, per 100g Pus Public English edible position moisture content 84g, protein 4.8g, fatty 1.1g, carbohydrate 11g, crude fibre 2.1g, ash content 3.1g, energy 205.02kj, calcium 216mg, phosphorus 115mg, iron are up to 12.4mg, carrotene 7.35mg, vitaminB10 .13mg Niacin 1.9mg, vitamin C 47mg, and aspartic acid 1073.2mg, glycine 466 .0mg, alanine 502.0mg, Soviet Union Propylhomoserin 709.9mg, serine 381.8mg, glutamic acid 1073.2mg, cystine 40.2mg, arginine 550.6mg, proline 526.5mg, tyrosine 325.6mg, benzenpropanoic acid 498.4mg, lysine 325.6mg, histidine 180.9mg.It can be seen that in dandelion Various nutrient contents are all very high and more balanced, and the especially mineral element such as high ferro, phosphorus, calcium and vitamin, essential amino acid contains Measure and low in calories most prominent.
Chemical composition in dandelion:Methyl ether containing Luteolin, palmitoleic acid, jasmonic acid in the flower and leaf of dandelion. Contain taraxasterol, saponin(e, taraxacin, choline, synanthrin, glucose, pectin, inositol, caffeic acid, green original in herb Acid and trace element etc..Root is containing taraxasterol, alnulin, taraxol, pseudo- taraxasterol, stigmasterol, soap Glycosides, linoleic acid, pectin, resin.Contain tetraterpene pigment in spending.
Contain Multiple components in dandelion congener.Mainly there are carotenoid, triterpenes, sterols, flavonoids. Sesquiterpene lactones, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, volatile oil, Coumarins, phenolic acid class, aliphatic acid, choline, fructose, vitamin, egg White matter, mineral matter etc..The physiological function of dandelion:(1)Broad-spectrum antibacterial action, dandelion is to staphylococcus aureus, hemolytic Streptococcus, there is stronger bactericidal action, to Diplococcus pneumopniae, meningococcus, corynebacterium diphtheriae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, proteus, dysentery Shigella, typhoid bacillus and micrococcus catarrhalis also have certain bactericidal action.(2)Anti-endotoxin effect,(3)Injury-resistance,(4) Antitumor action,(5)Immunoregulation effect,(6)Resisting oxidation free radical effect,(7)Hepatic cholagogic acts on.Tcm clinical practice is often applicable Hot eyes, pharyngalgia, lung pain, enterodynia, the symptom such as jaundice with damp-heat pathogen, puckery pain of heat gonorrhea are dripped in treating pyogenic infections from tumour or sore, breast pain, scrofula.
Present invention dandelion described above is Dandelion various plants, except foregoing dandelion Taraxacum Outside mongolicum Hand-mazz, common person still has following several:(1)Alkali ground dandelion Taraxacun sinicum Kitang, it is distributed in the ground such as Heilungkiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Gansu, the Inner Mongol, Xinjiang, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Henan.(2)It is different Luxuriant dandelion Taraxacum heterolepis nakai, it is distributed in the province such as Heilungkiang, Jilin, Liaoning.(3)Taraxacum platypecidum Diels Taraxacum platypecidum Diele(Also referred to as hot river dandelion), it is distributed in Heilungkiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Gansu, river North, Shanxi, Henan, Sichuan etc. save.(4)Taraxacum brassicaefolum Kitag Taraxacum brassicaefolium, are distributed in Jilin, Shanxi Etc. ground.(5)Taraxacum erythropodium Kifag Taraxacum erythropodium kitag, are distributed in Heilungkiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongol The ground such as Gu, Xinjiang.In addition, hundred Taraxacum calanehodium Dahlst Taraxacum calanthodium Dahlst, Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst, Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst, white flower dandelion Taraxacum pseudoalbidum kitang, yellowish dandelion Taraxacum pseudo-albidum kitang var Lutecens kitang, Herba Taraxaci ohwiani Taraxacum ohuianum kitang(Northeast)And Tibet dandelion Taraxacum tibeticum Hand•-Mazz•(Tibet)Similarly it is used as medicine Deng in different regions as dandelion.Dandelion is same Contain Multiple components in platymiscium, mainly have:Carotenoid, triterpenes, sterols, flavonoids.Sesquiterpene lactones, coffee Acid, chlorogenic acid, volatile oil, Coumarins, alcohol acids, aliphatic acid, choline, vitamin, protein, mineral matter etc..
The dandelion of the above-mentioned selection of the present invention is dandelion Taraxacum mongolicum Hand-mazz, alkali Pu it is public English Taraxacun sinicum kitang, different luxuriant dandelion Taraxacum heterolepis nakai, taraxacum platypecidum Diels Taraxacum platypecidum Diele, Taraxacum brassicaefolum Kitag Taraxacum brassicaefolium, Taraxacum erythropodium Kifag It is Taraxacum erythropodium kitag, hundred Taraxacum calanehodium Dahlst Taraxacum calanthodium Dahlst, yellowish Dandelion Taraxacum pseudo-albidum kitang var lutecens kitang, Herba Taraxaci ohwiani Taraxacum Onuianum kitang, Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst, Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst Taraxacum Asiatica Dahlst, Tibet dandelion Taraxacum tibeticum Hand-Mazz, white flower dandelion Taraxacum Any one in pseudoalbidum kitang.
Health-care effect and drug action of the tealeaves to human body, it is the comprehensive function of a variety of chemical compositions in tealeaves, but it is led The active component wanted is the catechin compounds in Tea Polyphenols.Tea catechin class compound is the grabber of free radical, so-called Free radical, i.e., it can be constantly be generated under internal normal physiological conditions, also constantly remove, to reach some materials of balance, this The active oxygen of a little materials(O-)And hydroxy(OH-)Deng.Produce human body interior free yl due to pathological factor and environmental factor It is raw excessive, or the accumulation in vivo, causing interior free yl can not be removed and gathered in time.Free radical can produce to large biological molecule Toxigenicity, particularly occurs lipid peroxidation to the unrighted acid on cell membrane, and this peroxidating has toxicity, shown as Immunologic function decline and be easy to infect --- various inflammation, autoimmune disease, occur tumour, angiocardiopathy, easily Aging etc..So free radical is the arch-criminal for threatening human health, tea catechin has the good effects for removing free radical, Tea is natural plant product, is preferable health beverages.Further proved according to clinic study in recent years, in Tea Polyphenols Catechin have anti-oxidant, radiation proof, lipid-loweringing, anticancer, anti-aging and other effect.
Black tea, fresh leaf sorting, technological process and to its color and luster, quality requirement on, all with its unique standard with Flavor, form and monopolize " black " word teas different from green tea, black tea, yellow tea, white tea, jasmine tea etc..Mistake of the black tea in processing Cheng Zhong, to be accumulated by the wet base of more than 20 days, so the color of gross tea, by green gradual blackening, the color and luster of finished product agglomerate tealeaves is black Brown, and the peculiar flavour of tea product is formd, this is the origin of black tea.Its making typical process flow of black tea is that high temperature kills Green grass or young crops, knead, accumulate and do color, drying.Because the general raw material of black tea is relatively thick old, in addition in manufacturing process often the heap fermentation time compared with It is long, thus leaf color is glossy black or dark brown, therefore claim black tea.Black tea can produce a kind of Pu Nuoer compositions, Neng Gouqi in its fermentation process To the effect for preventing fat accumulation.Adhere to drinking black tea there can be obvious effect to the increase for suppressing stomach fat daily.Black tea In also contain in other teas still undiscovered methoxyl group benzene and its derivative, this kind of material make the old alcohol of black tea fragrance, and One of appraisal basis of black tea perfume (or spice) odor characteristics.
It is especially the most notable with nerolidol there is substantial amounts of unsaturated terpene alcohols in black tea, also have in addition abundant Linalool and its oxide, these unsaturated terpene alcohols play a very important role in black tea Chen Xiang odor characteristics.
According to surveying and determination, compared with other teas, the content of tea polysaccharide highest, activity in black tea are most strong, and polysaccharide can reduce Blood glucose, blood fat, there are anticoagulant, antithrombotic.Tea polysaccharide is separated, the drug effect that humoral and cellular immune response is carried out to it is real Test, as a result show, be remarkably reinforced two-phase and be immunized, while have reduction blood glucose, serum cholesterol and triglyceride Trend, for old degenerative disorders, the preventing and treating such as diabetes, angiocardiopathy is significant for this.Meanwhile for old age The decline of human organism's resistance, also its immunity can be made to increase.Tea polysaccharide is to reducing blood pressure, reducing heart rate, increase coronary artery Flow, extend the time-to-live(Under anoxia condition), resistance ultraviolet, be respectively provided with remarkable result in terms of the radiation of X rays.
Dark brown in black tea is known as obvious antibacterial action, and because harvesting raw material is relatively thick old, Mineral Elements Content also compares black tea Other teas are high, and fluorine has outstanding effect to pre- preventing decayed tooth and preventing and treating senile osteoporosis, and selenium can stimulate the production of immune protein and antibody It is raw, strengthen resistance of the human body to disease, and the occurrence and development to treating coronary heart disease, suppressing cancer cell have effect.In black tea The Tea Saponin being rich in has haemolysis, norcholesterol, antibacterial, anticoagulating active, sedative activity, active anticancer and antihypertensive function.Should Tea also has clearing heat and moistening lung, disappeared stagnant the effect of going to accumulate.
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:(1)Selection is given birth to the 3-5 months then It is long, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;(2)The fresh dandelion greens that will be plucked In time spread rapidly in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;The frame that withers sets up 8-10 layers separately, per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer of paving If what a thin bamboo strips used for weaving was woven into wither curtain, the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf thickness is 5-10cm, and room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electricity Fan air-supply, the chamber window that withers are equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerate moisture evaporation;Indoor temperature of withering is withered at 26-28 DEG C Time of withering is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither;(3)By the dandelion after withering Leaf is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed or used hand rubbing with clean washboard Rub, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treat that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;(5)It will tremble Leaf bar after pine is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10-15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermenting cellar fermenting frame On, fermented indoors under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% 1.5-2 hours, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, tea silk is kneaded into bar Strand, holding have leaf juice excessive, and the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again Ferment in disk, expect thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent on fermenting cellar fermenting frame, indoors 26-28 DEG C of temperature, phase Under the conditions of humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;(8)The Pu fermented is public English tea bar is dried, and its drying means is that tea bar is spread out into material thickness for the first time to be 3-5cm, dry under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C 18-25min, it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, then it is secondary by tea bar spread out material thickness be 2.5-4cm, Temperature dries 35-50min under the conditions of being 90-95 DEG C, and the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;(9)Dried tea bar is taken out Let cool to room temperature, weed out smalls in tea bar, produce dandelion black tea;(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and black tea: After 0.25-0.85 ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;(11) Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion black tea product.
In above-mentioned steps(8)Described in drying, using heated-air drying, microwave drying or far-infrared ray drying.
Black tea of the present invention is commerical grade finished product black tea commercially available.
The technical scheme of dandelion black tea and its production method of the present invention, it is black can not only to meet that hobby and habituation are drunk The demand of the people of tea, people are allowed also to have benefited from the health-care efficacy of dandelion simultaneously during meeting to drink black tea.
According to the production method of dandelion black tea of the present invention, can also be processed further being produced into a kind of dandelion black tea bag Make tea, its method is after tea powder is broken into 40-50 mesh powder by the dandelion black tea that will be produced into using disintegrating apparatus, loads filter paper Bag, through sealing, sterilizing, packing, that is, dandelion black tea tea bag product is made.
Beneficial effects of the present invention
After dandelion black tea is made using dandelion greens in the present invention, then carries out proportioning with commercially available black tea and be well mixed, at 105 DEG C Under the conditions of baking 15min be produced into dandelion black tea product, can further lift the fragrance of tea, lift the product of dandelion black tea Matter.Instant invention overcomes the deficiency using high temperature frying dandelion black tea, its product brews that rear millet paste is as clear as crystal, smell is clear Perfume (or spice), free from extraneous odour, add happiness drink property of the people to dandelion herb tea.The present invention is made using dandelion black tea and commercially available black tea proportioning Dandelion black tea, the effect of people are to dandelion demand can not only be met, while also drink the people of black tea simultaneously for hobby Have benefited from taste and the effect of black tea, added to people to more selections of drinking tea.
Technical solution of the present invention is processed further the dandelion black tea tea bag being prepared, and preferably can be provided to people One kind is easy to carry, the convenient product packaging of Instant Drinks, people is had more selections and is conveniently drunk at any time, what the present invention processed Dandelion black tea technique is simple, easily operated, and energy-conserving and environment-protective, can realize industrialized production, and has preferable social benefit.
Embodiment
Present invention specific implementation is described further with reference to embodiment, limitation of the present invention should not be regarded as, To following preferred embodiment it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that on the premise of the present invention program technical principle is not departed from The modification and retouching of progress are regarded as protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 22 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.5 hours under the conditions of 30 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 26 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1 hour, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 3cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 18min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 35min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and black tea:After 0.25 ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, Under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, 15min is toasted;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion black tea product.
Embodiment 2
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 10cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 2 hours under the conditions of 33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 95% indoors, treat that tea silk is presented again by green change is yellowish green Untill green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 92%, ferment 1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 50min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 4cm, temperature is 95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and black tea:After 0.85 ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, Under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, 15min is toasted;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion black tea product.
Embodiment 3
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 8cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 27 DEG C, withering time is 28 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 12cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.8 hours under the conditions of 32 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 93% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 18cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 27 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90%, ferment 1.3 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 4cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 22min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 45min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 3cm, temperature is 92 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and black tea:After 0.35 ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, Under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, 15min is toasted;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion black tea product.
Embodiment 4
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 6cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26 DEG C, withering time is 30 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 13cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.9 hours under the conditions of 32 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 93% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 16cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 27 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 88%, ferment 1.3 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 4cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 22min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 40min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 3cm, temperature is 93 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and black tea:After 0.75 ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, Under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, 15min is toasted;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion black tea product.
Embodiment 5
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 7cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 27 DEG C, withering time is 30 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 12cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.5 hours under the conditions of 33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1 hour, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 3cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 18min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 36min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and black tea:After 0.55 ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, Under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, 15min is toasted;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion black tea product.
Embodiment 6
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 22 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.5 hours under the conditions of 33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 95% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 92%, ferment 1 hour, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 35min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and black tea weight ratio:0.45 ratio After well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 50 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion black tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 7
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 10cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.5 hours under the conditions of 33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 95% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 26 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 40min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and black tea weight ratio:0.8 ratio After well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 40 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion black tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 8
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26 DEG C, withering time is 32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 2 hours under the conditions of 30 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90% indoors, treat that tea silk is presented again by green change is yellowish green Untill green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 26 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, its drying means be for the first time by tea bar spread out material thickness be 3-5cm, Temperature dries 18min under the conditions of being 105 DEG C, and it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, then secondary by tea bar 50min is dried under the conditions of stand material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and black tea weight ratio:0.75 ratio After well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 45 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion black tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 9
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 8cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 27 DEG C, withering time is 28 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 12cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.8 hours under the conditions of 32 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 93% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 18cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 27 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90%, ferment 1.2 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 4cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 20min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 45min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 3cm, temperature is 92 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and black tea weight ratio:0.35 ratio After well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 42 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion black tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 10
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 6cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26 DEG C, withering time is 30 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 13cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.8 hours under the conditions of 32 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 93% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 16cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1.2 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 3cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 18min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 35min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and black tea weight ratio:0.25 ratio After well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 48 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion black tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 11
A kind of production method of dandelion black tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 7cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 25 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 2 hours under the conditions of 30 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90% indoors, treat that tea silk is presented again by green change is yellowish green Untill green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 26 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 50min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 4cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and black tea weight ratio:0.85 ratio After well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 45 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion black tea tea bag product.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. dandelion black tea, it is characterized in that being 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and black tea:0.25-0.85 ratio is mixed After closing uniformly, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, after toasting 15min, taking-up is let cool to room temperature, through fixed Amount packing, vacuumize packaging and be process;Wherein Pu public affairs black tea is using dandelion greens as raw material, is made by following methods:(1) Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;(2)Harvesting is arrived Fresh dandelion greens spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;The frame that withers sets up 8-10 layers separately, often Interlamellar spacing 25cm, the curtain that withers that every layer of one thin bamboo strips used for weaving of laying is woven into, the condition of withering require that every layer of stand leaf thickness is 5-10cm, room of withering Doorway is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture evaporation;Wither interior For temperature at 26-28 DEG C, withering time is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither;(3) Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm cut tobacco;(4)The cut tobacco cut is used totally Washboard is rubbed or rubbed with hand rubbing, cut tobacco is substantially crimped, and is treated that leaf juice is overflowed and is attached on blade face, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then will Leaf group shakes up;(5)Cut tobacco after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, thick 10-15cm is expected, then covers one layer of wet cloth, It is sent on fermenting cellar fermenting frame, is fermented indoors under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% 1.5-2 hours, treat tea Untill green-yellow is presented again by green change is yellowish green in silk;(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is rubbed with the hands using washboard Rub, knead into tea silk streak, holding has leaf juice excessive, and the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;(7)Will Tea bar after rubbing is inserted in fermentation disk again, is expected thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, is sent on fermenting cellar fermenting frame, Under the conditions of 26-28 DEG C of indoor temperature, relative humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red; (8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 3-5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature To dry 18-25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary by tea bar 35-50min is dried under the conditions of stand material thickness is 3-4cm, temperature is 90-95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;(9)Will Dried tea bar takes out and let cool to room temperature, weeds out smalls in tea bar, produces dandelion black tea;Described black tea for it is commercially available into Product black tea.
  2. 2. dandelion black tea as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Pu Gongwei dandelions Taraxacum Mongolicum Hand-mazz, alkali ground dandelion Taraxacun sinicum kitang, different luxuriant dandelion Taraxacum Heterolepis nakai, taraxacum platypecidum Diels Taraxacum platypecidum Diele, Taraxacum brassicaefolum Kitag Taraxacum Brassicaefolium, Taraxacum erythropodium Kifag Taraxacum erythropodium kitag, hundred Taraxacum calanehodium Dahlst Taraxacum Calanthodium Dahlst, yellowish dandelion Taraxacum pseudo-albidum kitang var lutecens Kitang, Herba Taraxaci ohwiani Taraxacum onuianum kitang, Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst, Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst, Tibet dandelion Taraxacum tibeticum Any one in Hand-Mazz, white flower dandelion Taraxacum pseudoalbidum kitang.
  3. 3. dandelion black tea as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that step(8)Described in drying, for using hot air drying Dry, microwave drying or far-infrared ray drying.
  4. 4. the production method of a kind of dandelion black tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
    (2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5-10cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates water Divide evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26-28 DEG C, withering time is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%- 63%, terminate to wither;
    (3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
    (4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
    (5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10-15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into hair On the fermenting frame of ferment room, fermented indoors under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% 1.5-2 hours, treat tea silk by green Become it is yellowish green green-yellow is presented again untill;
    (6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
    (7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar hair On ferment frame, indoors under the conditions of 26-28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, begin to change into leaf color red During color;
    (8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, its drying means be for the first time by tea bar spread out material thickness be 3-5cm, Drying 18-25min under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, then secondary to incite somebody to action 35-50min is dried under the conditions of tea bar stand material thickness is 2.5-4cm, temperature is 90-95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%- 6%;
    (9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
    (10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and black tea:After 0.25-0.85 ratio is well mixed, electric baking is placed in In case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, 15min is toasted;
    (11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion black tea product.
  5. 5. the production method of a kind of dandelion black tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
    (2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5-10cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates water Divide evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26-28 DEG C, withering time is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%- 63%, terminate to wither;
    (3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
    (4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
    (5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10-15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into hair On the fermenting frame of ferment room, fermented indoors under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% 1.5-2 hours, treat tea silk by green Become it is yellowish green green-yellow is presented again untill;
    (6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
    (7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar hair On ferment frame, indoors under the conditions of 26-28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, begin to change into leaf color red During color;
    (8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, its drying means be for the first time by tea bar spread out material thickness be 3-5cm, Drying 18-25min under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, then secondary to incite somebody to action 35-50min is dried under the conditions of tea bar stand material thickness is 2.5-4cm, temperature is 90-95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%- 6%;
    (9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and black tea weight ratio:0.25-0.85's After ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
    (10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, tea powder is broken into by 40-50 mesh powder using disintegrating apparatus, through quantitative Filter paper bag is distributed into, through sealing, sterilizing, packing, obtains dandelion black tea bag tea product.
  6. 6. the processing method of the dandelion black tea as described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that described black tea has for market The finished product black tea sold.
  7. 7. the processing method of the dandelion black tea as described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that described dandelion is that Pu is public English Taraxacum mongolicum Hand-mazz, alkali dandelion Taraxacun sinicum kitang, different luxuriant Pu it is public English Taraxacum heterolepis nakai, taraxacum platypecidum Diels Taraxacum platypecidum Diele, mustard leaf Pu are public English Taraxacum brassicaefolium, Taraxacum erythropodium Kifag Taraxacum erythropodium kitag, belle flower Pu Public English Taraxacum calanthodium Dahlst, yellowish dandelion Taraxacum pseudo-albidum kitang Var lutecens kitang, Herba Taraxaci ohwiani Taraxacum onuianum kitang, Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst Taraxacum Cuspidatum Dahlst, Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst, Tibet dandelion Taraxacum Any one in tibeticum Hand-Mazz, white flower dandelion Taraxacum pseudoalbidum kitang.
  8. 8. the processing method of the dandelion black tea as described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that described drying is using heat Air-dry dry, microwave drying or far-infrared ray drying.
CN201710885690.7A 2017-09-27 2017-09-27 A kind of dandelion black tea and its production method Withdrawn CN107594013A (en)

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CN108244296A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-07-06 湖北鑫花茶业有限公司 A kind of production method of full fermentation dandelion Fu-brick tea
CN111296595A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-06-19 四川农业大学 Dandelion dark tea and preparation method thereof

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