CN107581299A - A kind of dandelion Pu'er raw tea and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of dandelion Pu'er raw tea and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN107581299A
CN107581299A CN201710885721.9A CN201710885721A CN107581299A CN 107581299 A CN107581299 A CN 107581299A CN 201710885721 A CN201710885721 A CN 201710885721A CN 107581299 A CN107581299 A CN 107581299A
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tea
dandelion
taraxacum
bar
leaf
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张志年
张奎昌
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Jiangsu Qianyaotang Traditional Chinese Medicine Research Institute Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Qianyaotang Traditional Chinese Medicine Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention particularly discloses the preparation method of a kind of dandelion Pu'er raw tea and the tea.Dandelion Pu'er raw tea is by weight being 1 by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea:0.25 1 ratio is well mixed, then is inserted in electric baking case, and under the conditions of 105 DEG C, after toasting 15min, taking-up is let cool to room temperature, is made through quantitative separating, vacuum packaging.Dandelion Pu'er raw tea is also further ground into 40 50 mesh powder by the present invention program using disintegrating apparatus, loads filter paper bag, through sealing, sterilization, packaging is prepared into dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag product.Instant invention overcomes the deficiency of high temperature frying dandelion black tea, it is as clear as crystal that its product brews rear millet paste, smell delicate fragrance, adds happiness drink property of the people to dandelion herb tea.Product of the present invention can not only meet the effect of people are to dandelion demand, while also drink the people of Pu'er raw tea for hobby while have benefited from taste and the effect of Pu'er raw tea, be added to people to more selections of drinking tea.

Description

A kind of dandelion Pu'er raw tea and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to drink tea field.It is related to a kind of dandelion Pu'er raw tea and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Of the invention to be matched using the black tea that dandelion makes and existing commercially available Pu'er raw tea, one plant tea of making is nutritious, The dandelion Pu'er raw tea product that soup look is as clear as crystal, taste is sweet and refreshing is brewed, is allowed to be worth the effect of both having benefited from dandelion, together When again beneficial to the beneficial effect of Pu'er raw tea.Black tea is mainly the full fermentation tea formed through everfermentation.So-called fermentation, substantially it is Make the colourless polyphenols in tealeaves Central Plains, the oxidation that red is formd under the catalytic action of polyphenol oxidase, after oxidation gathers Compound -- black tea colorant.A this pigment part can be dissolved in water, and the millet paste of red is formed after brewing, a part of not soluble in water, product Tire out in blade, blade is become red.By can the food materials of edible medicinal be fabricated to tea, be that many relevant enterprises prepare tea-drinking at present Apply raw material and method, however, because the attribute of many edible medicinal protophyte is different, habit and environment are different, its Edible or medicinal plant quality and chemical composition are different, are caused in tea making process using the method that adopts of tealeaves tea making It is all a kind of universal process to make many commercially available teas products, and this not only makes the mouthfeel of various teas products bad, Present the blue or green taste of grass or be charred taste, while also cause product because not taking the change of medi-edible plant chemical composition in preparation technology into account Not or original functional result is lost, or even produce harmful side effect.The preparation method of existing dandelion herb tea, China is specially There is more report in profit, documents and materials, the production method of dandelion root tea as disclosed in Chinese patent CN1366829A, its side Method is that the root of dandelion is cleaned to the segment for being cut into 5 millimeters, is subsequently placed in baking box, is dried in 200-300 DEG C of temperature, Steamed 15 minutes in food steamer after taking-up, Temperature fall after taking-up, then being crushed with pulverizer makes particle below 3 millimeters, then puts Into frying pan at a temperature of 500-1000 DEG C, fry more than 3 minutes, fry untill color is light brown, normal temperature is down in taking-up, i.e., It can pack.As can be seen here, although it is the instant of red sauce that dandelion has been fabricated to color after being soaked with boiling water by the technical scheme Tea, but it due to containing substantial amounts of white juice in the root of dandelion, after chopping, its juice is excessive, can make it surely after high temperature Cauterizeization, then finally produce the chemical composition of radix tarxaci its frying under 500-1000 DEG C of hot conditions, Cauterizeization and carbonization The change of matter, the taste of its product is caf, and its nutritious possibility has not existed, in certain in meaning from the point of view of, Also there will not be good health-care effect.The way of dandelion herb tea disclosed in network is:(1)The leaf of dandelion and bar are distinguished Select out, it is stand-by,(2)The Folium Taraxacum and bar selected,(3)After Folium Taraxacum wash water, salting steeps 3 minutes,(4)Control water,(5)Cut Section,(6)Iron pan is heated, and dandelion enters pot, and big fire is fried,(7)After frying water outlet, excessive moisture is poured out, turns moderate heat fried dry moisture,(8) When obtaining dandelion moisture less, turn small fire, be held by hand frying, the grasp to temperature, humidity, the duration and degree of heating, frying side in tea frying can be perceived Method with tea frying method,(9)Soon into bar, into tea.It is dense into yellowish-brown, bitter taste that the dandelion that this method makes brews millet paste. Dandelion contains protein, fat, carbohydrate, crude fibre, multivitamin, amino acid and micro and macro minerals Matter, high temperature frying is being carried out using the method for preparing tea of routine, because the condition of high temperature descends white juice, the egg that can make contained by dandelion The compositions such as white matter, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin produce the change of matter, form Cauterize pasty masses, and its cellulosic material also can Cauterizeization is produced, it is in Cauterize pasty states to cause its manufactured goods outward appearance, and it is muddy to brew millet paste, causes potability poor, influences people couple Dandelion herb tea is difficult to the psychology received.In order to make people while the nutrition of dandelion and health-care effect is had benefited from, again The pleasant sensation and pleasure for drinking dandelion tea are enjoyed, overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, is purpose of the present invention place.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of dandelion Pu'er raw tea.
The present invention also aims to provide a kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea.
In order to realize the present invention, following technical scheme is specifically employed:
A kind of dandelion Pu'er raw tea, it is characterized in that being 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea:0.25-1 ratio After well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, after toasting 15min, taking-up is let cool to room temperature, warp Quantitative separating, vacuumize packaging and be process;Wherein Pu public affairs black tea is using dandelion greens as raw material, is made by following methods: (1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;(2)Will harvesting To fresh dandelion greens spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;The frame that withers sets up 8-10 layers separately, Per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf thickness is 5-10cm, withered Room doorway is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture evaporation;Wither room For interior temperature at 26-28 DEG C, withering time is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither; (3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm cut tobacco;(4)By the cut tobacco cut with totally Washboard rubbing or rubbed with hand rubbing, cut tobacco is substantially crimped, treat leaf juice overflow be attached on blade face, hand rubbing have lubrication feel when, then Leaf group is shaken up;(5)Cut tobacco after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, expects thick 10-15cm, then one layer of covering is wet Cloth, it is sent on fermenting cellar fermenting frame, ferments 1.5-2 hours, treat under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% indoors Untill green-yellow is presented again by green change is yellowish green in tea silk;(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then using washboard Rubbing, kneads into tea silk streak, and holding has leaf juice excessive, and the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;(7) Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expects thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent on fermenting cellar fermenting frame, Indoors under the conditions of 26-28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red i.e. Can;(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 3-5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 18-25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary by tea 35-50min is dried under the conditions of bar stand material thickness is 3-4cm, temperature is 90-95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;(9) Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea.
Pu'er raw tea described above is commerical grade Pu'er raw tea loose tea commercially available.
Above-mentioned steps(8)Described in drying, using heated-air drying or microwave drying or far-infrared ray drying.
With raising of the people to health perception and demand, increasing botanical is exploited, especially Medical and edible dual purpose plant with nutrition and health care effect constantly by the utilization of profound level, provides more convenient to people Eating method, there is the custom liked and drunk tea with reference to our people, various health protection teas are also arisen at the historic moment, with dietotherapeutic resource The tea product that dandelion makes, also by popular extensive receiving and application.
Dandelion(Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz)It is the public herbaceos perennial British of composite family, not Name Pu Gongcao, dandelion, Rhizoma Trillii Tschonoskii, grandmother's fourth etc., have a variety of congeners to be used as medicine, are referred to as taraxacum (Taraxacum officinade).
Dandelion originates in Europe, and substep is extremely wide, and the whole world about more than 2000 is planted, about 70 kinds of China and 1 mutation, at least 27 kinds Chinese medicine dandelion derives from this category, aboundresources.Conventionally dandelion is " key medicine of antipyretic cool blood " to the traditional Chinese medical science, " extremely low-priced And have big work(".Its bitter, sweet, Return liver cold in nature, stomach, have the effect of clearing heat and detoxicating, dispersing swelling and dissipating binds, inducing diuresis for treating strangurtia, are usually used in breast Bitterly, the disease such as lung pain, enterodynia, mumps, scrofula disease, treatment pyogenic infections from tumour or sore, hot eyes, pharyngalgia, warm jaundice, puckery pain of heat gonorrhea, snake bite and insect sting is among the people Also eat.Dandelion is included in the 3rd batch of dietotherapeutic Resource TOC by health ministry.
The nutritive value of dandelion:The edible rate of dandelion is up to 84%, and nutritive value enriches.According to surveying and determination, per 100g Pus Public English edible position moisture content 84g, protein 4.8g, fatty 1.1g, carbohydrate 11g, crude fibre 2.1g, ash content 3.1g, energy 205.02kj, calcium 216mg, phosphorus 115mg, iron are up to 12.4mg, carrotene 7.35mg, vitaminB10 .13mg Niacin 1.9mg, vitamin C 47mg, and aspartic acid 1073.2mg, glycine 466 .0mg, alanine 502.0mg, Soviet Union Propylhomoserin 709.9mg, serine 381.8mg, glutamic acid 1073.2mg, cystine 40.2mg, arginine 550.6mg, proline 526.5mg tyrosine 325.6mg, benzenpropanoic acid 498.4mg, lysine 325.6mg, histidine 180.9mg.It can be seen that in dandelion Various nutrient contents are all very high and more balanced, and the especially mineral element such as high ferro, phosphorus, calcium and vitamin, essential amino acid contains Measure and low in calories most prominent.
Chemical composition in dandelion:Methyl ether containing Luteolin, palmitoleic acid, jasmonic acid in the flower and leaf of dandelion. Contain taraxasterol, saponin(e, taraxacin, choline, synanthrin, glucose, pectin, inositol, caffeic acid, green original in herb Acid and trace element etc..Root is containing taraxasterol, alnulin, taraxol, pseudo- taraxasterol, stigmasterol, soap Glycosides, linoleic acid, pectin, resin.Contain tetraterpene pigment in spending.
Contain Multiple components in dandelion congener.Mainly there are carotenoid, triterpenes, sterols, flavonoids. Sesquiterpene lactones, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, volatile oil, Coumarins, phenolic acid class, aliphatic acid, choline, fructose, vitamin, egg White matter, mineral matter etc..The physiological function of dandelion:(1)Broad-spectrum antibacterial action, dandelion is to staphylococcus aureus, hemolytic Streptococcus, there is stronger bactericidal action, to Diplococcus pneumopniae, meningococcus, corynebacterium diphtheriae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, proteus, dysentery Shigella, typhoid bacillus and micrococcus catarrhalis also have certain bactericidal action.(2)Anti-endotoxin effect,(3)Injury-resistance,(4) Antitumor action,(5)Immunoregulation effect,(6)Resisting oxidation free radical effect,(7)Hepatic cholagogic acts on.Tcm clinical practice is often applicable Hot eyes, pharyngalgia, lung pain, enterodynia, the symptom such as jaundice with damp-heat pathogen, puckery pain of heat gonorrhea are dripped in treating pyogenic infections from tumour or sore, breast pain, scrofula.
Present invention dandelion described above is Dandelion various plants, except foregoing dandelion Taraxacum Outside mongolicum Hand-mazz, common person still has following several:(1)Alkali ground dandelion Taraxacun sinicum Kitang, it is distributed in the ground such as Heilungkiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Gansu, the Inner Mongol, Xinjiang, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Henan.(2)It is different Luxuriant dandelion Taraxacum heterolepis nakai, it is distributed in the province such as Heilungkiang, Jilin, Liaoning.(3)Taraxacum platypecidum Diels Taraxacum platypecidum Diele(Also referred to as hot river dandelion), it is distributed in Heilungkiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Gansu, river North, Shanxi, Henan, Sichuan etc. save.(4)Taraxacum brassicaefolum Kitag Taraxacum brassicaefolium, are distributed in Jilin, Shanxi Etc. ground.(5)Taraxacum erythropodium Kifag Taraxacum erythropodium kitag, are distributed in Heilungkiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongol The ground such as Gu, Xinjiang.In addition, hundred Taraxacum calanehodium Dahlst Taraxacum calanthodium Dahlst, Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst, Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst, white flower dandelion Taraxacum pseudoalbidum kitang, yellowish dandelion Taraxacum pseudo-albidum kitang var Lutecens kitang, Herba Taraxaci ohwiani Taraxacum ohuianum kitang(Northeast)And Tibet dandelion Taraxacum tibeticum Hand•-Mazz•(Tibet)Similarly it is used as medicine Deng in different regions as dandelion.Dandelion is same Contain Multiple components in platymiscium, mainly have:Carotenoid, triterpenes, sterols, flavonoids.Sesquiterpene lactones, coffee Acid, chlorogenic acid, volatile oil, Coumarins, alcohol acids, aliphatic acid, choline, vitamin, protein, mineral matter etc..
The dandelion of the above-mentioned selection of the present invention is dandelion Taraxacum mongolicum Hand-mazz, alkali Pu it is public English Taraxacun sinicum kitang, different luxuriant dandelion Taraxacum heterolepis nakai, taraxacum platypecidum Diels Taraxacum platypecidum Diele, Taraxacum brassicaefolum Kitag Taraxacum brassicaefolium, Taraxacum erythropodium Kifag It is Taraxacum erythropodium kitag, hundred Taraxacum calanehodium Dahlst Taraxacum calanthodium Dahlst, yellowish Dandelion Taraxacum pseudo-albidum kitang var lutecens kitang, Herba Taraxaci ohwiani Taraxacum Onuianum kitang, Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst, Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst Taraxacum Asiatica Dahlst, Tibet dandelion Taraxacum tibeticum Hand-Mazz, white flower dandelion Taraxacum Any one in pseudoalbidum kitang.
Health-care effect and drug action of the tealeaves to human body, it is the comprehensive function of a variety of chemical compositions in tealeaves, but it is led The active component wanted is the catechin compounds in Tea Polyphenols.Tea catechin class compound is the grabber of free radical, so-called Free radical, i.e., it can be constantly be generated under internal normal physiological conditions, also constantly remove, to reach some materials of balance, this The active oxygen of a little materials(O-)And hydroxy(OH-)Deng.Produce human body interior free yl due to pathological factor and environmental factor It is raw excessive, or the accumulation in vivo, causing interior free yl can not be removed and gathered in time.Free radical can produce to large biological molecule Toxigenicity, particularly occurs lipid peroxidation to the unrighted acid on cell membrane, and this peroxidating has toxicity, shown as Immunologic function decline and be easy to infect --- various inflammation, autoimmune disease, occur tumour, angiocardiopathy, easily Aging etc..So free radical is the arch-criminal for threatening human health, tea catechin has the good effects for removing free radical, Tea is natural plant product, is preferable health beverages.Further proved according to clinic study in recent years, in Tea Polyphenols Catechin have anti-oxidant, radiation proof, lipid-loweringing, anticancer, anti-aging and other effect.
Pu'er tea is the historical famous tea in Yunnan, and yunnan puer tea is process by big-leaf species in yunnan sun withering tea, Yunnan The characteristics of large leaf is Aqua Folium Camelliae sinensis extract content height, up to 45%-49%;Polyphenol content is high, up to 32%-35%.It is processed into Pu'er After tea, the characteristics of maintaining high water extraction content, typically up to 40% or so, but the changes of contents of Tea Polyphenols is very big, it is general only The 1/3-1/4 of fresh leaf content is remained with, but the nutgall acids content of material in Tea Polyphenols is rich.Tea Polyphenols aoxidizes in Pu'er tea It is a series of enzymes, the non-enzymatic autoxidation carried out under warm-heat effect and the extracellular enzyme effect of microorganism secretion, so as to Form a series of big and small oxypolymer of molecular weight.Pu'er tea is a variety of made of crude green tea is after pile fermentation, compacting The compressed tea of specification and loose tea.Pu'er tea technique is unique, generally requires by finishing, kneading, several procedures such as pile fermentation.It is fresh to adopt Tealeaves through finishing, kneading, dry after, turn into Pu'er gross tea, Pu'er tea at this moment, dense high, the sharp strong and deficient Zhang Li of charm.Gross tea After making, because the difference of its subsequent handling is divided into " ripe tea " and " raw tea ".It is " ripe tea " to turn ripe by pile fermentation, and by all the year round What storage made that it is aged naturally is then " raw tea ".The effect of Pu'er tea, early in 1765, clearly:Zhao Xuemin is write《Compendium of Materia Medica Pick up any lost article from the road》Record:" Pu'er tea, bitter is cold in nature, solves greasy cattle and sheep poison, empty people's disabling, bitter, by gas under phlegm, postcibal diarrhea is removed heat by catharsis ". " Pu'er tea delicate fragrance solely absolutely, sobers up first, eliminates indigestion and phlegm, and clearing stomach is promoted the production of body fluid, and power is outstanding big "." Pu'er tea can control all kinds of diseases and ailments, such as tripe It is swollen, catch cold, dissipated with ginger decoction, perspiration can be cured.The broken larynx of mouth is dry, by hot pain, is held in the mouth or the eyes with five points and makes a slip of the tongue night i.e. more "." general rain tea (Pu'er tea), that steams is agglomerating, most can compound ".In recent years, some experts also gradually spread out to the healthcare function of Pu'er tea both at home and abroad Research, it is correct as a result to prove that ancients discuss to Pu'er tea health-care function, while be found that some new healthcare functions.Pu'er It is at most to reduce blood fat, prevention of cardiovascular disease and lowering blood-fat and reducing weight that the healthcare function of tea, which is reported,.According to reports:1978, bar Multitude's San Antonio Spurs department of medial science clinic director Amy that Caro proves than the clinical test results of doctor, drinks Yunnan Pu'er Tuo tea can mitigate the body weight of people, reduce lipids, triglyceride and cholesterol, the ratio of blood uric acid in human body;Paris University nutritional physiology experiment chief of the office Lv Tong professors carry after the experiment of Yunnan ShiShimonoseki Tuo tea reduction cholesterol is made with small white mouse Go out:" there are some unknown materials in the Tuo tea of Yunnan Pu'er, it is water-soluble, have and enhance metabolism, balance and regulation cholesterol Special effect ".
Chinese Guangdong someone studies influence to people's blood pressure heart rate and rheoencephalogram with Pu'er tea and shown, energy after drinking pu'er tea Caused blood vessel dilatation, blood pressure temporarily decline, the physiological effect such as decreased heart rate and cerebral blood flow reduction, therefore to the height of the elderly Blood pressure and cerebral arteriovenous malformation patient, there is good action.
The First Academy of unming Medical College internal medicine cardiovascular group Clinical practice Yunnan Pu'er Tuo tea 55 is with using curative effect preferable 31 contrasts of fat-reducing medicament clofibrate treatment, are as a result also higher than clofibrate, and have no side effect the effect of the Tuo tea of Yunnan Pu'er.
Southwest China agriculture university is studied, it is believed that Pu'er tea is during special procedure-pile fermentation, internal Flavonoid substances In the person of presence is most in the form of flavonoid glycoside, and flavonoid glycoside has the function that citrin, can prevent the hardening of human vas.
French Henry-Zhi Duo hospitals and another hospital prove, it is helpful to losing weight to drink Pu'er tea, to fat metabolism Effect is obvious.Chinese yunnan Kunming researches on natural drugs is taught the researchs such as Liang Mingda, Hu Meiying and had shown that, drinks Pu'er for a long time It tea, can not only lose weight, and can reduce its cholesterol and triglycerides, can confirm that long-term Pu'er tea of drinking can be with Treat obesity.
The long slope of traditional Chinese medical science chief originally respects four youths and has made penetrating description to the health-care effect of yunnan puer tea in Japan: " the excellent part of yunnan puer tea is the history by 1000, and also tool possesses exuberant vitality so far, as long as drinking often Just it may feel that:There are diuresis, aid digestion, the effect of sobering up, lose weight, whetting the appetite, it is too numerous to enumerate.In order to which the whole world is more more The health of wide people, and should popularize and drink ".
Pu'er tea is recognized and received extensively by people as a kind of special health drink, its function, thus France, Spain, Japan and other countries have the laudatory title of " slim tea " " cosmetic tea " " lengthen one's life tea ".
Puer Bulk Tea profile is loose, tight straight, complete, and color and luster is dark brown or brown red, and soup look is red dense bright, flavour alcohol and Hui Tian, With special Chen Xiangqi, suitable for cooking with bubble drink.
Pu'er raw tea have diuresis, it is aid digestion, sober up, lose weight, whetting the appetite, expelling pathogenic wind from the body surface, refresh oneself and other effects.
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:(1)Select the 3-5 months then Growth, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;(2)The fresh dandelion plucked is tender Leaf spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;The frame that withers sets up 8-10 layers separately, per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer The curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into is laid, the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf thickness is 5-10cm, and room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power Electric fan is blown, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture evaporation;Indoor temperature of withering at 26-28 DEG C, Withering time is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither;(3)Pu after withering is public Ying Ye is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed or used hand with clean washboard Rubbing, makes leaf bar substantially crimp, and treats that leaf juice is overflowed and is attached on the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;(5)Will Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10-15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, fermented indoors under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% 1.5-2 hours, treat that tea silk is yellowish green again by green change Untill green-yellow is presented;(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk Streak, holding has leaf juice excessive, and the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;(7)Tea bar after rubbing is put again Enter to ferment in disk, expect thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent on fermenting cellar fermenting frame, indoors 26-28 DEG C of temperature, Under the conditions of relative humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;(8)The Pu that will be fermented Public English tea bar is dried, and its drying means is that tea bar is spread out into material thickness for the first time to be 3-5cm, do under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C Dry 18-25min, it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, and then secondary spread out tea bar expects that thickness is 2.5- 4cm, temperature dry 35-50min under the conditions of being 90-95 DEG C, and the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;(9)By dried tea bar Taking-up is let cool to room temperature, weeds out smalls in tea bar, produces dandelion black tea;(10)By dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea by weight Amount is than being 1:After 0.25-1 ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, baking 15min;(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces the life of dandelion Pu'er Tea product.
In above-mentioned steps(8)Described in drying, using heated-air drying, microwave drying or far-infrared ray drying.
Pu'er raw tea of the present invention is commerical grade finished product Pu'er raw tea loose tea commercially available.
The technical scheme of dandelion Pu'er raw tea of the present invention and preparation method thereof, hobby and habitual drink can not only be met With the demand of the people of Pu'er raw tea, people are allowed also to have benefited from dandelion simultaneously during meeting to drink Pu'er raw tea Health-care efficacy.
According to the preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea of the present invention, can also be processed further being fabricated to a kind of dandelion general Pu'er tea life tea bag is made tea, and its method is that tea powder is broken into 40-50 mesh powder by the dandelion Pu'er raw tea that will be processed into using disintegrating apparatus It is last, load filter paper bag, through sealing, sterilizing, packing, that is, dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag product is made.
Beneficial effects of the present invention
After dandelion black tea is made using dandelion greens in the present invention, then carries out proportioning with commercially available Pu'er raw tea and be well mixed, 15min is toasted under the conditions of 105 DEG C and is processed into dandelion Pu'er raw tea product, can further lift the fragrance of tea, lifting Pu is public The quality of English Pu'er raw tea.Instant invention overcomes the deficiency using high temperature frying dandelion black tea, it is clear that its product brews rear millet paste Clear transparent, smell delicate fragrance, free from extraneous odour, add happiness drink property of the people to dandelion herb tea.The present invention utilizes dandelion black tea and city Dandelion Pu'er raw tea made from selling Pu'er raw tea proportioning, can not only meet the effect of people are to dandelion demand, while be also Hobby drinks the people of Pu'er raw tea while has benefited from taste and the effect of Pu'er raw tea, is added to people more to drinking tea Selection.
Technical solution of the present invention further prepare processing obtained by dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag, can preferably give people Offer one kind is easy to carry, the convenient product packaging of Instant Drinks, people is had more selections and is conveniently drunk at any time, the present invention adds The dandelion Pu'er raw tea technique of work is simple, easily operated, and energy-conserving and environment-protective, can realize industrialized production, and has preferably Social benefit.
Embodiment
Present invention specific implementation is described further with reference to embodiment, limitation of the present invention should not be regarded as, To following preferred embodiment it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that on the premise of the present invention program technical principle is not departed from The modification and retouching of progress are regarded as protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 22 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.5 hours under the conditions of 30 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 26 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1 hour, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 3cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 18min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 35min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea:After 0.25 ratio is well mixed, electric baking case is placed in It is interior, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toast 15min;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion Pu'er raw tea Product.
Embodiment 2
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 10cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 2 hours under the conditions of 33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 95% indoors, treat that tea silk is presented again by green change is yellowish green Untill green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 92%, ferment 1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 50min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 4cm, temperature is 95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea:After 1 ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, Under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, 15min is toasted;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion Pu'er raw tea Product.
Embodiment 3
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 8cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 27 DEG C, withering time is 28 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 12cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.8 hours under the conditions of 32 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 93% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 18cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 27 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90%, ferment 1.3 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 4cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 22min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 45min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 3cm, temperature is 92 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea:After 0.55 ratio is well mixed, electric baking case is placed in It is interior, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toast 15min;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion Pu'er raw tea Product.
Embodiment 4
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 6cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26 DEG C, withering time is 30 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 13cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.9 hours under the conditions of 32 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 93% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 16cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 27 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 88%, ferment 1.3 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 4cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 22min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 40min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 3cm, temperature is 93 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea:After 0.75 ratio is well mixed, electric baking case is placed in It is interior, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toast 15min;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion Pu'er raw tea Product.
Embodiment 5
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 7cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 27 DEG C, withering time is 30 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 12cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.5 hours under the conditions of 33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1 hour, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 3cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 18min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 36min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
(10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea:After 0.8 ratio is well mixed, electric baking case is placed in It is interior, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toast 15min;
(11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion Pu'er raw tea Product.
Embodiment 6
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 22 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.5 hours under the conditions of 33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 95% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 92%, ferment 1 hour, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 35min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea weight ratio:0.45 After ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 50 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 7
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 10cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.5 hours under the conditions of 33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 95% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 26 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 40min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea weight ratio:1 ratio After example is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 40 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 8
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26 DEG C, withering time is 32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 2 hours under the conditions of 30 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90% indoors, treat that tea silk is presented again by green change is yellowish green Untill green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 26 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, its drying means be for the first time by tea bar spread out material thickness be 3-5cm, Temperature dries 18min under the conditions of being 105 DEG C, and it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, then secondary by tea bar 50min is dried under the conditions of stand material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea weight ratio:0.25 After ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 45 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 9
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 8cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 27 DEG C, withering time is 28 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 12cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.8 hours under the conditions of 32 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 93% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 18cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 27 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90%, ferment 1.2 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 4cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 20min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 45min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 3cm, temperature is 92 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea weight ratio:0.5 ratio After example is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 42 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 10
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 6cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26 DEG C, withering time is 30 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 13cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 1.8 hours under the conditions of 32 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 93% indoors, treating that tea silk is yellowish green by green change is in again Untill existing green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 16cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1.2 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 3cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 18min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 35min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 2.5cm, temperature is 95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea weight ratio:0.35 After ratio is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 48 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag product.
Embodiment 11
A kind of preparation method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag
(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
(2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 7cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates moisture Evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 28 DEG C, withering time is 25 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;
(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
(4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
(5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into fermentation On the fermenting frame of room, fermented 2 hours under the conditions of 30 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90% indoors, treat that tea silk is presented again by green change is yellowish green Untill green-yellow;
(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
(7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermentation On frame, indoors under the conditions of 26 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, ferment 1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red;
(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, it is for the first time 5cm by tea bar stand material thickness that its drying means, which is, temperature Spend to dry 25min under the conditions of 105 DEG C, it be 20-25% to make tea bar water content, taking-up airing 1 hour, then secondary to spread out tea bar 50min is dried under the conditions of material thickness is 4cm, temperature is 90 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%;
(9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea weight ratio:0.8 ratio After example is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toasts 15min;
(10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is ground into 45 mesh powder with pulverizer, quantitatively loads filter paper bag, is passed through Sealing, sterilization, packaging, produce dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag product.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. dandelion Pu'er raw tea, it is characterized in that being 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea:0.25-1 ratio After example is well mixed, it is placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, after toasting 15min, taking-up is let cool to room temperature, Through quantitative separating, vacuumize packaging and be process;Wherein Pu public affairs black tea is using dandelion greens as raw material, by following methods system :(1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;(2)Will The fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;The frame that withers sets up 8-10 separately Layer, per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf thickness is 5-10cm, Room doorway of withering is equipped with the air-supply of high-power electric fan, and the chamber window that withers be equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, acceleration moisture evaporation;Wither For indoor temperature of withering at 26-28 DEG C, withering time is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%-63%, terminates to wither Wither;(3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm cut tobacco;(4)The cut tobacco cut is used Clean washboard is rubbed or rubbed with hand rubbing, cut tobacco is substantially crimped, and is treated that leaf juice is overflowed and is attached on blade face, hand rubbing has lubrication to feel When, then leaf group is shaken up;(5)Cut tobacco after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, thick 10-15cm is expected, then covers one Layer wet cloth, is sent on fermenting cellar fermenting frame, and the 1.5-2 that fermented indoors under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% is small When, untill treating that green-yellow is presented again by green change is yellowish green in tea silk;(6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is used Washboard is crumpled, and kneads into tea silk streak, and holding has leaf juice excessive, and the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent; (7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar fermenting frame On, indoors under the conditions of 26-28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, when the leaf color is begun to change into red ;(8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, its drying means be for the first time by tea bar spread out material thickness be 3-5cm, Drying 18-25min under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, then secondary to incite somebody to action 35-50min is dried under the conditions of tea bar stand material thickness is 3-4cm, temperature is 90-95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%-6%; (9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;Described Pu'er life Tea is finished product Pu'er raw tea loose tea commercially available.
  2. 2. dandelion Pu'er raw tea as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described dandelion is dandelion Taraxacum mongolicum Hand-mazz, alkali ground dandelion Taraxacun sinicum kitang, different luxuriant dandelion Taraxacum heterolepis nakai, taraxacum platypecidum Diels Taraxacum platypecidum Diele, Taraxacum brassicaefolum Kitag Taraxacum brassicaefolium, Taraxacum erythropodium Kifag Taraxacum erythropodium kitag, belle flower Pu are public English Taraxacum calanthodium Dahlst, yellowish dandelion Taraxacum pseudo-albidum kitang Var lutecens kitang, Herba Taraxaci ohwiani Taraxacum onuianum kitang, Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst Taraxacum Cuspidatum Dahlst, Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst, Tibet dandelion Taraxacum Any one in tibeticum Hand-Mazz, white flower dandelion Taraxacum pseudoalbidum kitang.
  3. 3. dandelion Pu'er raw tea as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(8)Described drying is use Heated-air drying, microwave drying or far-infrared ray drying.
  4. 4. a kind of processing method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
    (2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5-10cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates water Divide evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26-28 DEG C, withering time is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%- 63%, terminate to wither;
    (3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
    (4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
    (5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10-15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into hair On the fermenting frame of ferment room, fermented indoors under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% 1.5-2 hours, treat tea silk by green Become it is yellowish green green-yellow is presented again untill;
    (6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
    (7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar hair On ferment frame, indoors under the conditions of 26-28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, begin to change into leaf color red During color;
    (8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, its drying means be for the first time by tea bar spread out material thickness be 3-5cm, Drying 18-25min under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, then secondary to incite somebody to action 35-50min is dried under the conditions of tea bar stand material thickness is 2.5-4cm, temperature is 90-95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%- 6%;
    (9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, smalls in tea bar is weeded out, produces dandelion black tea;
    (10)It is 1 by weight by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea:After 0.25-1 ratio is well mixed, electric baking is placed in In case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, 15min is toasted;
    (11)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, through quantitative separating, vacuumizes to pack and produces dandelion Pu'er raw tea Product.
  5. 5. a kind of processing method of dandelion Pu'er raw tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1)Selection grows the 3-5 months then, before not blooming, and without pollution by pesticides, the fresh dandelion greens of no disease and pests harm;
    (2)By the fresh dandelion greens plucked spread rapidly in time in interior wither frame carry out nature wither;It is described to wither Frame sets up 8-10 layers separately, and per interlamellar spacing 25cm, every layer is laid the curtain that withers that a thin bamboo strips used for weaving is woven into, and the condition of withering requires that every layer of stand leaf is thick For 5-10cm, room doorway of withering is equipped with high-power electric fan air-supply, and the chamber window that withers is equipped with high-power ventilating fan air draft, accelerates water Divide evaporation;For indoor temperature of withering at 26-28 DEG C, withering time is 22-32 hours, Folium Taraxacum water content is down to 58%- 63%, terminate to wither;
    (3)Folium Taraxacum after withering is cut into wide 0.25-0.4cm, long 0.5-0.8cm leaf bar;
    (4)The leaf bar cut is rubbed with clean washboard rubbing or with hand rubbing, leaf bar is substantially crimped, treats that leaf juice is overflowed and be attached on On the page, when hand rubbing has lubrication sense, then leaf group is shaken up;
    (5)Leaf bar after shaking up is spread in stainless steel fermentation disk, is expected thick 10-15cm, is then covered one layer of wet cloth, is sent into hair On the fermenting frame of ferment room, fermented indoors under the conditions of 30-33 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 90-95% 1.5-2 hours, treat tea silk by green Become it is yellowish green green-yellow is presented again untill;
    (6)The tea silk after fermentation is taken out, when being cooled to room temperature, then is crumpled using washboard, kneads into tea silk streak, is held There is leaf juice excessive, the group of holding is not loose after loosing one's grip, and tea silk is locally rubescent;
    (7)Tea bar after rubbing is inserted again in fermentation disk, expect thick 15-20cm, disk lid last layer wet cloth, be sent into fermenting cellar hair On ferment frame, indoors under the conditions of 26-28 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85-92%, ferment 1-1.5 hours, begin to change into leaf color red During color;
    (8)The dandelion herb tea bar fermented is dried, its drying means be for the first time by tea bar spread out material thickness be 3-5cm, Drying 18-25min under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, it is 20-25% to make tea bar water content, takes out airing 1 hour, then secondary to incite somebody to action 35-50min is dried under the conditions of tea bar stand material thickness is 2.5-4cm, temperature is 90-95 DEG C, the water content for making tea bar is 5%- 6%;
    (9)Dried tea bar is taken out and let cool to room temperature, is 1 by dandelion black tea and Pu'er raw tea weight ratio:0.25-1 Ratio it is well mixed after, be placed in electric baking case, under the conditions of temperature is 105 DEG C, toast 15min;
    (10)Tea material after baking is taken out and let cool to room temperature, tea powder is broken into by 40-50 mesh powder using disintegrating apparatus, through quantitative Filter paper bag is distributed into, through sealing, sterilizing, packing, that is, dandelion Pu'er raw tea tea bag product is made.
  6. 6. the processing method of the dandelion Pu'er raw tea according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that described Pu'er life Tea is commercially available finished product Pu'er raw tea loose tea.
  7. 7. the processing method of the dandelion Pu'er raw tea according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that described dandelion For dandelion Taraxacum mongolicum Hand-mazz, alkali ground dandelion Taraxacun sinicum kitang, different Luxuriant dandelion Taraxacum heterolepis nakai, taraxacum platypecidum Diels Taraxacum platypecidum Diele, mustard Leaf dandelion Taraxacum brassicaefolium, Taraxacum erythropodium Kifag Taraxacum erythropodium kitag, hundred Taraxacum calanehodium Dahlst Taraxacum calanthodium Dahlst, yellowish dandelion Taraxacum pseudo-albidum Kitang var lutecens kitang, Herba Taraxaci ohwiani Taraxacum onuianum kitang, Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst Taraxacum cuspidatum Dahlst, Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst Taraxacum asiatica Dahlst, Tibet dandelion In Taraxacum tibeticum Hand-Mazz, white flower dandelion Taraxacum pseudoalbidum kitang Any one.
  8. 8. the processing method of the dandelion Pu'er raw tea according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that described drying is Using heated-air drying, microwave drying or far-infrared ray drying.
CN201710885721.9A 2017-09-27 2017-09-27 A kind of dandelion Pu'er raw tea and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN107581299A (en)

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Application publication date: 20180116