CN107494067A - The semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides concentrating type and its construction method - Google Patents

The semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides concentrating type and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107494067A
CN107494067A CN201710905351.0A CN201710905351A CN107494067A CN 107494067 A CN107494067 A CN 107494067A CN 201710905351 A CN201710905351 A CN 201710905351A CN 107494067 A CN107494067 A CN 107494067A
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sides
central passage
greenhouse
heliogreenhouse
semi
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靳玉环
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靳玉环
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides concentrating type and its construction method; due south due north is built along center line both sides move towards transport operation central passage in the middle part of bed rearrangement cluster greenhouse; the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of concentrating type is built in the aggregation of central passage both sides; each single semi-underground 100m of negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse thing length 60; the positive 12m of canopy span 10; the cloudy 9m of canopy span 7; compound cob wall is public before and after two adjacent greenhouses, and 5 10, cluster greenhouse formation scale heliogreenhouse square formation is respectively built in the both sides of central passage 1.The present invention will overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, and constructed large-scale square formation formula cluster heliogreenhouse has the three-dimensional goods and materials transmission net using central passage as hinge, suitable for mechanization, batch production, anniversary eco-species, foster, turn integration production.

Description

The semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides concentrating type and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to modern material reserve facility technology field, more particularly to large-scale square formation formula cluster heliogreenhouse are related Technology.
Background technology
Immediate prior art is patent of invention " the compound cob wall-canopy structure ecology that inventor declares for 2014 Energy saving sunlight greenhouse ", patent No. ZL2014 1,004 5819.7, it has compound cob wall, compound canopy covered structure, more The warm light control facility of kind(Winter biogas lamp heats-light filling-benefit CO2, the selective printing opacity of summer canopy film spraying " profit cool ", cooling)、 Even a setting encloses to form semi-underground negative and positive two sides Continuous building type heliogreenhouse etc. with " canopy " on foundation wall semi-underground negative and positive two sides Real advantage, both overcome traditional heliogreenhouse be only capable of anti-season using, whole year production can not be carried out, it is impossible to while carry out ecology Plantation, ecologic breeding, ecological edible fungus culturing(Fungus converts)Zoology breeding turns the shortcomings that integration production, overcomes foreign formula again " attached-greenhouse " though production can be utilized in the anniversary, facility is built, environment conditioning expense is huge, expensive(It is inapplicable, uneconomical), The shortcomings that zoology breeding turn integration production can not be carried out, have found one kind for anniversary progress zoology breeding turn integration production can Capable heliogreenhouse facility.But the type heliogreenhouse facility also has following protrusion shortcoming and defect.
1. the type greenhouse is still continued to use traditional sunlight and dug a hole in a side wall and builds out greenhouse passage way, passed in and out for insulation Hole very littles, people can only be bent over to pass in and out, and transport can only manually carry or small machine, it is impossible to machinery is carried out in into greenhouse Change transport and mechanized operation, be " bottleneck " that mechanization, batch production utilize.
2. still along Zhong Qiang both sides Jian Yangpeng, the inner passage of cloudy canopy is used in, in greenhouse, Yang Peng abuts middle wall Thermo-Photo sensitive most It is good(Shandong Shouguang heliogreenhouse vegetable grower has the experience of " rather one batch of dish of house, the foot of a wall after not giving up "), same greenhouse the moon canopy is also proximate to Middle wall temperature conditionss are best, and the best place of greenhouse Thermo-Photo sensitive or temperature conditionss is used to build indoor channel, is a kind of really The wasting of resources;In addition, the compound cob wall in type greenhouse, which possesses, hangs the function that layer frame carries out solid cultivation, passage is built in Zhong Qiang both sides Also the implementation of solid cultivation is hindered.
3. wall vent in the type greenhouse, upper air vent installs temperature difference automatic ventilator, diameter 50cm, divides into door opening(High * is wide For 160-190*60-90cm), ventilation disengaging sun-cloudiness shed it is dual-purpose, divide into door opening, on set ventilation pitch of holes be 18-22m(It is average 20 meters set one);Air vent, lower door opening spacing are too big on total arrangement, and gas heat fully exchanges between being unfavorable for sun-cloudiness shed;Upper ventilation Temperature difference automatic ventilator is installed in hole, first, price is higher, second, once there is temperature difference automatic ventilation to meet actual requirement, Particularly cloudy canopy culturing edible fungus, requirement of each growth and development stage to temperature is all dramatically different, should be with greenhouse Yang Peng, cloudy canopy both Temperature adjusting can be independently carried out, gas heat exchange is target between and can independently carries out sun-cloudiness shed, is accordingly corrected.
4. greenhouse methane-generating pit of retrofiting sets or sets a Miniature biomass pool in each greenhouse Yang Peng, or outside greenhouse One big-and-middle-sized methane-generating pit is set, and each greenhouse Yang Peng builds that small methane-generating pit is uneconomical, and operation is also inconvenient, big-and-middle in outdoor construction Type methane-generating pit Biogas production during winter is low and unstable, not as one Yang Peng of selection builds one big-and-middle-sized semi-underground soft-bag type methane-generating pit, one Year four seasons aerogenesis, more efficiently and economical rationality.
5. type greenhouse temperature regulation and control still have the potential to be tapped, greenhouse starts to roll up Solar Greenhouse in Winter higher than 25 °C around noon Film is windproof, and the heat energy of this part sunshine conversion just wastes, and winter often meets with " haze ", " successive cloudy days " low temperature and less sunshine Weather, such as greenhouse " storage heat " deficiency, just easily done harm to by it, therefore it is very necessary to set up " underground buried tube " solar heat-preservation register.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of semi-underground negative and positive two sides daylight of central passage both sides concentrating type The construction method in greenhouse, overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, and constructed large-scale square formation formula cluster heliogreenhouse has with middle part Passage be hinge connect greenhouse group inside and outside mechanization transportation operating system, with adapt to mechanization, batch production, anniversary eco-species, Support, turn integration production.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows.
The construction method of the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides concentrating type, carries out structure in accordance with the following steps Build:
A, the structure of concentrating type heliogreenhouse north-south central passage:The semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of concentrating type is set first The south-north direction center line of integral layout, then assemble in center line both sides and build the semi-underground negative and positive two sides sunlight of concentrating type Room, each single semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse thing length 60-100m, positive canopy span 10-12m, cloudy canopy span per side 7-9m, compound cob wall is public before and after two adjacent greenhouses, and central passage both sides build 5-10 single-ridgepole glasshouse respectively, forms scale Change the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse square formation of concentrating type;Finally along the south-north direction center line in all middle walls, front and rear common It is the north-south central passage that 2.5-3m adds two walls protection plate thickness with the midpoint both sides excavation width of wall, it is middle wall, front and rear Party wall passage side causes central passage clear span 2.5-3m after building foam cement protection board;
B, inside communication channel and conveying track structure:Every greenhouse sunny side is each against Hou Qiang sides against front wall side, the back The wide indoor transporting passages of a 50cm-70cm are built, and are connected with the central passage, indoor transporting passage hardening of cement road Face, two, upper berth triangle conveying track, and it is equipped with strip narrow gauge transport vehicle and standardization turnover transport basket;
C, central passage support framework is built:Central passage both sides at Keelof green house set one and greenhouse sun respectively Face, the shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton of back identical radian measure, then at front and rear party wall position far from weldering at ground level 2.5-3.0m in greenhouse The straight support in the first north-south is connect to connect front and rear adjacent shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton, while in middle wall top, front and rear shared wall top It is welded to connect the straight support in the second north-south of front and rear adjacent shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton, the shape of chinese word Ji steel of both sides at the top of central passage On skeleton every 1.5m weld an East and West direction connecting framework, finally the straight support in the front and rear north-south of party wall position first with Welded vertically to connecting bracket between second north-south is straight support;Overall skeleton is located and is fastened to after the completion of all welding In middle wall top and front and rear shared wall top;
D, central passage skeleton overlay film is built:Two sides cover PE double-layer heat insulations film and fastened, central passage at the top of overall skeleton It is interior that retractable sunshading and thermal insulating curtain is hung under the zinc-plated steel skeleton of shape of chinese word Ji;In central passage cover layer and both sides greenhouse covering film knot At conjunction portion gap, strip PE films are covered, upper surface and the central passage epiphragma of strip PE films bond, its lower surface and greenhouse Epiphragma is bonded, formation preventing water leakage and drainage channel, and wall top, front and rear shared wall top are formed by central passage extremely in central passage both sides Thing extended line gradually reduces, had the drainage channel of certain drop, and with depositional gradient Yield rainfall relation system outside whole attached-greenhouse It is connected;
E, between central passage both ends thermal insulating door thermally insulated door buffers and connection road is built:The both ends of the central passage are respectively to cluster greenhouse Outdoor extension, set twice to pass through the sealing thermal insulation door of haulage vehicle in prolongation, structure is slow among twice thermal insulating door thermally insulated door Between punching, gentle slope is set, the road surface of central passage is built into cement road or dregs of fat road between inside holding door and central passage road surface.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step, the wall two rows ventilation setting up and down in every greenhouse Hole, lower ventilation bore dia 30cm, away from the high 10-15cm in wall bottom, spacing 3-5m, upper ventilation bore dia 50cm, away from wall top 30-50cm, Spacing 3-5m, lower airway hole all liner hard plastic ventilation ducts, it is fixedly installed above middle wall back wall two rows air vent Wound membrane air vent opening and closing device.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step, a greenhouse Yang Peng is selected to build semi-underground soft bag Formula methane-generating pit, automatic feeding and discharging mechanism and biogas treatment distribution sector are set on semi-underground soft-bag type methane-generating pit, in described A connection methane-generating pit and each greenhouse Yang Peng biogas delivery pipe are buried under portion's passage, every greenhouse Yang Peng sets biogas lamp, And the narrow zanjon of a deep 40-50cm is dug every 40-50cm on every greenhouse Yang Peng ground, bury external diameter 110mm, internal diameter 100mm PVC single-wall corrugated pipes, underground buried tube is interconnected, ground is led in one end, and reversible rotating shaft stream wind is installed in the brick side hole in one end Machine simultaneously connects with buried pipe;Winter fine day greenhouse Yang Peng around noon room temperature be higher than 25 °C when, start blower fan given toward underground buried tube Hot blast exchanges accumulation of heat energy with soil, when morning or chance successive cloudy days room temperature are less than 10-15 °C, start blower fan and extracts the increasing of buried pipe hot blast Add room temperature.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step B, transport channel is set with central passage junction indoors Put controllable open and close door.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step C, the East and West direction connecting framework is using being in gentle arc Shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step D, the back in the central passage east and west sides greenhouse, Sunny side overlay film extends sagging, and east row greenhouse west side face, west row greenhouse east side face are sealed so that per single-ridgepole glasshouse sunny side, the moon Face forms relatively independent greenhouse space, and can raise side sealer when needed, makes equipment be directly entered in every greenhouse Row charge and discharge operations.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step E, set outside the thermal insulating door thermally insulated door at the central passage both ends Waterproof rain-proof slope road higher than ground level 25-30cm outside greenhouse simultaneously connects with outside transport road.
It is using beneficial effect caused by above-mentioned technical proposal:Instant invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, structure There is the both sides concentrating type semi-underground negative and positive heliogreenhouse of mechanization transport operation hinge inside and outside central passage connection greenhouse, be Mechanization, batch production, anniversary zoology breeding turn integration production and provide strong infrastructure technique support.The tool of the present invention Body beneficial effect is described below.
1. transport operation passage is built in the middle part of cluster greenhouse, and both ends are respectively set between twice large sealing thermal insulating door thermally insulated door and buffering, are had Effect solves the contradiction that traditional heliogreenhouse insulation can not take into account with disengaging greenhouse mechanization transportation operation, before being effectively incubated Put, establish the mechanization transportation operating system inside and outside connection greenhouse, and can be directly entered inside single-ridgepole glasshouse and carry out machinery Change transport operation, substantially increase operating efficiency, such as:Ecological culture fermenting bed bedding and padding make the bed, go out a large amount of bedding and padding disengaging temperature of bed Room, every batch of edible fungus culturing starts, terminates large quantities of bacterium bags, mushroom cinder ladle is transported and transports greenhouse, and every batch of ecologic planting starts, terminated greatly Criticize ecological cultivation soil bag(Basket, disk)Transport and transport greenhouse, can all raise greenhouse side sealer, haulage vehicle directly drives greenhouse into Inside handling, effect can several times, more than ten times of improve;Created for mechanization, batch production zoology breeding turn integration production good Good basic condition.
2. assembling in central passage both sides and building the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of concentrating type, cluster greenhouse had both been extended Area, while greenhouse land utilization ratio is improved again, single-ridgepole glasshouse was both relatively independent in cluster greenhouse, and close interdependent each other Lean on, form overall nearly square " greenhouse cluster ", its " limit " and surrounding environment contact surface is greatly decreased, reduce heat radiation damage Lose, mend carbon dioxide plant and increased underground buried tube heat-accumulation temperature-adjustment device plus biogas lamp temperature-increasing light-replenishing, cluster greenhouse can be made Interior " suitable " temperature conditionss and light wet matching improve, and stability improves, advantageously in biology(Ecologic planting, ecology are supported Grow, fungus conversion-beneficial bacterium conversion)Grow and high-quality-high yield-low consumption-efficient realization.
3. per transport operation passage in single-ridgepole glasshouse, by indoor positive canopy Thermo-Photo sensitive is best, cloudy canopy temperature conditionss are best Zhong Qiang both sides, move to that the foot of a wall Thermo-Photo sensitive before positive canopy is worst, the worst location of the foot of a wall temperature conditionss after cloudy canopy, and three-dimensional for middle wall Vacating space is cultivated, such transposition, does not increase any cost, can be on the premise of indoor transporting operation be had substantially no effect on, greatly " light temperature Suitable Area " zoology breeding turns area in width increase greenhouse, and the greenhouse unit area zoology breeding amount of changing the line of production is significantly increased.
4. wall sets two rows air vent in per single-ridgepole glasshouse, increase ventilation hole density, and in middle wall back two rows Fixed setting wound membrane ventilation hole closing device above air vent, with face backfin wound membrane ventilation unit before Heyang canopy, after cloudy canopy before face Ridge wound membrane ventilation unit, single negative and positive two sides greenhouse ventilation regulator control system is formed, both can be between greenhouse Yang Peng, cloudy canopy, sun-cloudiness shed Individually be aerated regulation, also can sun-cloudiness shed integrally carry out the ventilation parameters of north and south insertion, can be between a variety of ventilation regulation and control models Freely change, with adapt to the change of greenhouse internal and external environment and zoology breeding turn different it is biological to temperature, oxygen, carbon dioxide not Same demand.
In summary, the present invention is inheriting the first patent of inventor " compound cob wall-canopy structure ecological energy-saving daylight Its shortcoming and defect is overcome on the basis of greenhouse " advantage, structure forms the semi-underground negative and positive two of central passage both sides concentrating type Face heliogreenhouse, innovation solve the problem that traditional heliogreenhouse insulation can not take into account with disengaging greenhouse mechanization transportation operation, The transport operation system inside and outside connection greenhouse is established under tight Insulation, has significantly improved operating efficiency;Led to middle part Road is hinge, assembles in its both sides and builds the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of concentrating type, had both significantly extended cluster greenhouse face Product, greatly improves its effective rate of utilization again(Traditional heliogreenhouse effective use of land rate is less than 50%, this type cluster greenhouse soil Effective rate of utilization is up to more than 80%), while there is " teaming up to overcome difficulties " effect in overall nearly square and larger cluster greenhouse, can Its " limit " and surrounding environment contact area is greatly decreased, reduces thermal energy exchange loss;Plus temperature-increasing light-replenishings such as supporting biogas The underground buried tube solar heat-preservation temperature adjustment of carbon dioxide is mended, transport operation passage " transposition " in every greenhouse, and this type collection The exclusive sun-cloudiness shed Ventilation conditioning system in group greenhouse, make effective temperature condition in this type cluster greenhouse, light wet conformability and steady Qualitative to have larger lifting, overall Photosynthetic Productivity and energy matter transformation efficiency greatly improve;For mechanization, batch production, Anniversary zoology breeding turn integration production provides domestic and international best and unique proprietary infrastructure at present, pacifies for development Entirely-high-quality-high yield-low consumption-efficient modern ecological agriculture and Development and Production " plain meat or fish mushroom " combine high-quality ecological food and create base Plinth condition.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the side structure schematic diagram of an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the dimensional structure diagram of an embodiment of the invention.
In figure:Central passage 1, indoor transporting passage 2, shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton 11, the first north-south is straight support 12, second North-south is straight support 13, East and West direction connecting framework 14, vertically to 22, ventilation between connecting bracket 15, sealing thermal insulation door 21, buffering Hole 31, semi-underground soft-bag type methane-generating pit 41, biogas lamp 42, biogas delivery pipe 43.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in detail in following examples.Various raw materials used in the present invention and items of equipment are conventional city Product is sold, can be bought and directly obtained by market.
Embodiment 1, the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse integral layout of central passage both sides concentrating type.
In the middle part of bed rearrangement cluster greenhouse, build due south due north along center line both sides and move towards transport operation central passage 1, high width is The semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of concentrating type, each single semi-underground the moon are built in 2.5-3.0m, the both sides of central passage 1, aggregation Positive two sides heliogreenhouse thing length 60-100m, positive canopy span 10-12m, cloudy canopy span 7-9m are multiple before and after two adjacent greenhouses It is public to close cob wall, the both sides of central passage 1 respectively build cluster greenhouse 5-10, and both sides are built together cluster greenhouse 10-20, form larger rule Overall nearly square, the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of concentrating type with central passage 1 for hinge of mould.
The structure of embodiment 2, north-south central passage.
The south-north direction center line of the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse integral layout of concentrating type is set first, is walked along north and south The middle wall of each single semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse and front and rear party wall are built to the center line machine of working continuously, reaches standard height Midpoint both sides excavation width after degree in all middle walls, front and rear party wall adds two walls to protect the north and south of plate thickness for 2.5-3m To central passage 1, middle wall, front and rear party wall passage side cause the clear span 2.5-3m of central passage 1 after building foam cement protection board.
Embodiment 3, heliogreenhouse inner ventilation system constructing.
The wall two rows air vent 31 setting up and down in every greenhouse, lower ventilation bore dia 30cm, away from the high 10-15cm in wall bottom, Spacing 3-5m, upper ventilation bore dia 50cm, away from wall top 30-50cm, spacing 3-5m, lower airway hole all liner hard plastic ventilation ducts, Wound membrane air vent opening and closing device is fixedly installed above middle wall back wall two rows air vent.
The structure that embodiment 4, the regulation and control of warm light are set.
One greenhouse Yang Peng of selection builds semi-underground soft-bag type methane-generating pit 41, is set on semi-underground soft-bag type methane-generating pit 41 Automatic feeding and discharging mechanism and biogas treatment distribution sector, in 1 time embedded connection methane-generating pit of central passage and each greenhouse sun The biogas delivery pipe 43 of canopy, every greenhouse Yang Peng set biogas lamp 42(Temperature-increasing light-replenishing supplements titanium dioxide gas), and at every The narrow zanjon of a deep 40-50cm is dug on greenhouse Yang Peng ground every 40-50cm, buries external diameter 110mm, internal diameter 100mm PVC single walls Bellows, underground buried tube is set to be interconnected, ground, the reversible axial flow blower of the brick side hole installation in one end and and underground are led in one end Pipe connects;Winter fine day greenhouse Yang Peng around noon room temperature be higher than 25 °C when, start blower fan send hot blast and soil toward underground buried tube Accumulation of heat energy is exchanged, when morning or chance successive cloudy days room temperature are less than 10-15 °C, start blower fan and extracts buried pipe hot blast increase room temperature.
Embodiment 5, inside communication channel and conveying track structure.
Every greenhouse sunny side builds the wide indoor fortune of a 50cm-70cm against front wall side, the back against Hou Qiang sides Defeated passage 2, and be connected with central passage 1, the hardening of cement road surface of indoor transporting passage 2, two, upper berth triangle conveying track, And it is equipped with strip narrow gauge transport vehicle and standardization turnover transport basket;Transport channel can with the setting of central passage junction indoors Control open and close door.
Embodiment 6, central passage support framework structure.
Central passage both sides at Keelof green house set respectively one with greenhouse sunny side, back identical radian measure it is several Font steel skeleton 11, both sides shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton 11 weld the straight branch in the first north-south in away from greenhouse at ground level 2.5-3.0m Frame 12 is also welded to connect front and rear phase with shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton 11 adjacent before and after connection in middle wall top, front and rear shared wall top The straight support 13 in the second north-south of adjacent shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton 11, on the shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton 11 of the top both sides of central passage 1 An East and West direction connecting framework 14 is welded every 1.5m, it is finally southern in front and rear party wall position, first in central passage both sides Welded vertically to connecting bracket 15 between north orientation the is straight straight support 13 in the north-south of support 12 and second;Will after the completion of all welding Overall skeleton be located and be fastened to middle wall top and front and rear shared wall top on;Wherein, East and West direction connecting framework 14 is using in arc of releiving The shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton of shape, remaining stents use straight type support.
Embodiment 7, central passage skeleton overlay film structure.
Two sides cover PE double-layer heat insulations film and fastened at the top of overall skeleton, in the zinc-plated steel skeleton of shape of chinese word Ji in central passage Under hang retractable sunshading and thermal insulating curtain;At central passage cover layer and both sides greenhouse covering film joint portion gap, strip is covered Shape PE films, top and the central passage epiphragma of strip PE films are bonded, and it is bonded with greenhouse epiphragma below, forms preventing water leakage and row Aquaporin, wall top, front and rear shared wall top form and are gradually reduced by central passage to thing extended line, have one in central passage both sides Determine the drainage channel of drop, and be connected with depositional gradient Yield rainfall relation system outside whole attached-greenhouse;Central passage east and west sides The back, the sunny side overlay film in greenhouse extend sagging, east row greenhouse west side face, west row greenhouse east side face are sealed so that per Dan Dong Greenhouse sunny side, the back form relatively independent greenhouse space.
Between embodiment 8, central passage both ends thermal insulating door thermally insulated door buffering and connection road is built.
The outdoor extension to cluster greenhouse respectively of the both ends of central passage, twice are set to pass through transport vehicle in prolongation Sealing thermal insulation door 21, set among twice thermal insulating door thermally insulated door 22 between structure buffering, between inside holding door and central passage road surface slow Slope, the road surface of central passage is built into cement road or dregs of fat road, while is set outside the thermal insulating door thermally insulated door at central passage both ends higher than temperature Outdoor ground level 25-30cm waterproof rain-proof slope road simultaneously connects with outside transport road.
Foregoing description only proposes as the enforceable technical scheme of the present invention, not as to its technical scheme single in itself Restrictive condition.

Claims (7)

1. the construction method of the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides concentrating type, it is characterised in that:According to as follows Step is built:
A, the structure of concentrating type heliogreenhouse north-south central passage:The semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of concentrating type is set first The south-north direction center line of integral layout, then assemble in center line both sides and build the semi-underground negative and positive two sides sunlight of concentrating type Room, each single semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse thing length 60-100m, positive canopy span 10-12m, cloudy canopy span per side 7-9m, compound cob wall is public before and after two adjacent greenhouses, and central passage both sides build 5-10 single-ridgepole glasshouse respectively, forms scale Change the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse square formation of concentrating type;Finally along the south-north direction center line in all middle walls, front and rear common It is the north-south central passage that 2.5-3m adds two wall protection plate thickness with the midpoint both sides excavation width of wall(1), it is Zhong Qiang, preceding Party wall passage side causes central passage after building foam cement protection board afterwards(1)Clear span 2.5-3m;
B, inside communication channel and conveying track structure:Every greenhouse sunny side is each against Hou Qiang sides against front wall side, the back Build the wide indoor transporting passages of a 50cm-70cm(2), and with the central passage(1)Connection, indoor transporting passage(2)With Hardening of cement road surface, two, upper berth triangle conveying track, and it is equipped with strip narrow gauge transport vehicle and standardization turnover transport basket;
C, central passage support framework is built:Central passage both sides at Keelof green house set one and greenhouse sun respectively Face, the shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton of back identical radian measure(11), then at front and rear party wall position far from ground level 2.5-3.0m in greenhouse Place's welding straight support in the first north-south(12)With shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton adjacent before and after connection(11), while in middle wall top, preceding Wall top is shared afterwards is also welded to connect front and rear adjacent shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton(11)The straight support in the second north-south(13), lead at middle part Road(1)The shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton of top both sides(11)On every 1.5m weld an East and West direction connecting framework(14), finally preceding The straight support in the north-south of party wall position first afterwards(12)With the straight support in the second north-south(13)Between weld vertically to connection Support(15);After the completion of all welding by overall skeleton be located and be fastened to middle wall top and front and rear shared wall top on;
D, central passage skeleton overlay film is built:Two sides cover PE double-layer heat insulations film and fastened, central passage at the top of overall skeleton It is interior that retractable sunshading and thermal insulating curtain is hung under the zinc-plated steel skeleton of shape of chinese word Ji;In central passage cover layer and both sides greenhouse covering film knot At conjunction portion gap, cover strip PE films, the tops of strip PE films bonds with central passage epiphragma, its below with greenhouse epiphragma Bonding, preventing water leakage and drainage channel are formed, wall top, front and rear shared wall top formation are by central passage to thing in central passage both sides Extended line gradually reduces, had the drainage channel of certain drop, and is connected with depositional gradient Yield rainfall relation system outside whole attached-greenhouse It is logical;
E, between central passage both ends thermal insulating door thermally insulated door buffers and connection road is built:The both ends of the central passage are respectively to cluster greenhouse Outdoor extension, set twice to pass through the sealing thermal insulation door of haulage vehicle in prolongation(21), twice thermal insulating door thermally insulated door centre structure Build between buffering(22), gentle slope is set between inside holding door and central passage road surface, the road surface of central passage be built into cement road or Dregs of fat road.
2. the construction method of the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides according to claim 1 concentrating type, It is characterized in that:In step, the wall two rows air vent setting up and down in every greenhouse(31), lower ventilation bore dia 30cm, away from The high 10-15cm in wall bottom, spacing 3-5m, upper ventilation bore dia 50cm, it is all interior away from wall top 30-50cm, spacing 3-5m, lower airway hole Hard plastic ventilation duct is served as a contrast, wound membrane air vent opening and closing device is fixedly installed above middle wall back wall two rows air vent.
3. the construction method of the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides according to claim 1 concentrating type, It is characterized in that:In step, a greenhouse Yang Peng is selected to build semi-underground soft-bag type methane-generating pit(41), in semi-underground soft bag On formula methane-generating pit(41)Automatic feeding and discharging mechanism and biogas treatment distribution sector are set, in the central passage(1)One is buried down Bar connects methane-generating pit and each greenhouse Yang Peng biogas delivery pipe(43), every greenhouse Yang Peng setting biogas lamp(42), and every The narrow zanjon of a deep 40-50cm is dug on greenhouse Yang Peng ground every 40-50cm, and it is mono- to bury external diameter 110mm, internal diameter 100mm PVC Wall bellows, makes underground buried tube be interconnected, and ground is led in one end, the reversible axial flow blower of the brick side hole installation in one end and with ground Down tube connects;Winter fine day greenhouse Yang Peng around noon room temperature be higher than 25 °C when, start blower fan toward underground buried tube send hot blast with soil Earth exchanges accumulation of heat energy, when morning or chance successive cloudy days room temperature are less than 10-15 °C, start blower fan and extracts buried pipe hot blast increase room temperature.
4. the construction method of the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides according to claim 1 concentrating type, It is characterized in that:In step B, transport channel sets controllable open and close door with central passage junction indoors.
5. the construction method of the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides according to claim 1 concentrating type, It is characterized in that:In step C, the East and West direction connecting framework(14)Using the shape of chinese word Ji steel skeleton in gentle arc.
6. the construction method of the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides according to claim 1 concentrating type, It is characterized in that:In step D, the back, the sunny side overlay film in the central passage east and west sides greenhouse extend it is sagging, by east row's temperature Room west side face, west row greenhouse east side face seal so that form relatively independent greenhouse space per single-ridgepole glasshouse sunny side, the back.
7. the construction method of the semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides according to claim 1 concentrating type, It is characterized in that:In step E, set outside the thermal insulating door thermally insulated door at the central passage both ends higher than ground level 25-30cm outside greenhouse Waterproof rain-proof slope road simultaneously connects with outside transport road.
CN201710905351.0A 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 The semi-underground negative and positive two sides heliogreenhouse of central passage both sides concentrating type and its construction method Pending CN107494067A (en)

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