CN201617050U - High-efficient energy-saving self-control sunlight greenhouse - Google Patents

High-efficient energy-saving self-control sunlight greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201617050U
CN201617050U CN200920252548XU CN200920252548U CN201617050U CN 201617050 U CN201617050 U CN 201617050U CN 200920252548X U CN200920252548X U CN 200920252548XU CN 200920252548 U CN200920252548 U CN 200920252548U CN 201617050 U CN201617050 U CN 201617050U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
purlin
greenhouse
sunlight greenhouse
accumulation
Prior art date
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CN200920252548XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张伟风
吕焕珍
张喜军
彭余林
张友坤
李涛
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胜利油田胜大石油建设工程有限责任公司
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Priority to CN200920252548XU priority Critical patent/CN201617050U/en
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Publication of CN201617050U publication Critical patent/CN201617050U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The utility model relates to a greenhouse, in particular to a high-efficient energy-saving self-control sunlight greenhouse. The technical scheme includes that the high-efficient energy-saving self-control sunlight greenhouse comprises a wall body, girders, a double-deck hollow bag-type aerating film and an automatic curtain heat-preservation quilt, wall body foundations adopt heat-insulating concrete masonry, the girders, upper purlines, lower purlines, middle purlines, ventilating skylights and the like are disposed between the wall body and the ground, the outsides of the wall body foundations are used as a soil temperature-insulating belt, geothermal storage fins are embedded under earth, internal media of the storage fins are communicated with heat exchange pipes to form closed loops, a light-gathering solar device is disposed outside the sunlight greenhouse, internal media of the light-gathering solar device are connected with an underground heat storage tank, an inlet pipe disposed at the highest position in the sunlight greenhouse is connected with an inlet of a fan, and hot air is guided into underground heat storage pipes via the fan. By adopting the reasonable arrangement, the high-efficient energy-saving self-control sunlight greenhouse has the advantages that the sunlight greenhouse realizes zero-power warming device, sufficiently utilizes natural conditions to adjust indoor temperature, centrally controls air, fuel, fertilization, water and pesticides, and simultaneously, the digitalized greenhouse is convenient in operation and refined in labor saving.

Description

Energy-efficient automatic control greenhouse by solar heat

One, technical field:

The utility model relates to a kind of greenhouse, the energy-efficient automatic control greenhouse by solar heat that use particularly a kind of winter that is suitable for the high latitude northern area.

Two, background technology:

By domestic existing booth is understood, research and on-the-spot investigation, find to have following many problems: builds simple and crudely, builds the land occupation area greatly and big with earth volume, big to land destruction; The greenhouse index is uncontrollable; Mostly be traditional cultivation, the operation complexity is heavy; The equipment configuration is simple and crude, and function is poor, causes productive labor intensity height; Invest big, the energy consumption cost height; Invest for a short time, it is controlled poor to plant, and produces loaded down with trivial details; Owing to there is above problem, cause carrying out nuisanceless organic production, the vegetable quality is uneven and listing level is low, the ability of resisting natural disasters.

Three, summary of the invention:

The purpose of this utility model is exactly the above-mentioned defective that exists at prior art, and a kind of energy-efficient automatic control greenhouse by solar heat is provided, and a kind of power warming-up device that need not is provided, and makes full use of the natural conditions temperature that regulates the room temperature; CO 2But, fertilizer, water, the control of medicine center; Simultaneously easy to operate efficient-economical solar-greenhouse.

Its technical scheme is: comprise body of wall, beam, last purlin, following purlin, middle part purlin, double-deck hollow pocket type aerated film, automatic curtain thermal insulation quilt, the body of wall basis adopts heat insulating concrete to build by laying bricks or stones, install beam, last purlin, following purlin, middle part purlin, double-deck hollow pocket type aerated film, ventilating skylight and automatic curtain thermal insulation quilt between body of wall top and the ground, in addition, also comprise underground heat heat storage plate, heat-exchange tube, external Photospot solar, heat storage tank, underground heat heat accumulation pipe, blower fan and inlet tube, the disconnected temperate zone of soil is done in the outside, described body of wall basis; The underground heat heat storage plate is embedded under the soil, and medium communicates with heat-exchange tube in the heat storage plate, forms the closed-loop path; Outdoorly establish external concentrating solar, medium links to each other with the underground heat storage case in it; High-order bit in the greenhouse is provided with inlet tube and links to each other with fans entrance, and blower fan is introduced underground heat accumulation pipe with hot blast.

Above-mentioned wall body structure is respectively thermal insulation coatings, outer body of wall, air heat-insulation layer, aluminium foil mineral wool, air heat-insulation layer, accumulation of heat interior wall, heat absorption mortar from outside to inside, wherein outer body of wall adopts insulation material to make, the accumulation of heat interior wall adopts the accumulation of heat heat-absorbing material to make, and the centre is provided with and reduces heat conducting air heat-insulation layer, aluminium foil mineral wool and air heat-insulation layer.

Above-mentioned last purlin, following purlin and middle part purlin adopt galvanized pipe respectively, link to each other with the beam fixed connecting piece, wherein go up purlin and open the adapter of several holes as the greenhouse inner conduit; Following purlin is opened the adapter of several holes and is done mixing natural pond drop pipe, and the termination of following purlin connects natural pond liquid case, and natural pond liquid case is established automatic liquid supply device; The middle part purlin is opened several aperture dress shower nozzles and is executed comprehensively and spill for fertilizer, medicine, water; It is the CO2 releasing tube that middle bottom purlin is opened several apertures.

The following technology that adopts is built in the utility model greenhouse: complex heat-preservation, thermal insulation, accumulation of heat, heat absorption body of wall, complete zinc-plated fast-assembling combination roof beam structure, double-deck hollow belt aerated film, Nonopaque type thermal insulation quilt, function formula pipe network, soil thermal storage technology, concentrating solar accumulation of heat heating.

The utility model technical application: automatic dripping irrigation technology, spray medicine fertilizer machinery technology, the automatic fertilizer practice of CO2, natural pond liquid fertilising Pesticidal and sterilizing technology, artificial rainfall technology.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: by above reasonable disposition, realized need not the power warming-up device, made full use of the natural conditions temperature that regulates the room temperature; Gas, fertilizer, water, the control of medicine center; The becoming more meticulous of simultaneously easy to operate, saving of labor, digitlization greenhouse.This greenhouse provides comprehensive desirable growing environments such as light, water, temperature, humidity, ventilation for crop, for standardized cultivation provides good platform.

Four, description of drawings:

Accompanying drawing 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;

Among the last figure: body of wall (1), beam (2), last purlin (3), following purlin (4), middle part purlin (5), purlin (5.1), double-deck hollow pocket type aerated film (6), ventilating skylight (7), following ventilating opening (8), automatic curtain thermal insulation quilt (9), underground heat heat storage plate (10), heat-exchange tube (11), external Photospot solar (12), heat storage tank (13), underground heat heat accumulation pipe (14), blower fan (15) and inlet tube (16).

Five, embodiment:

In conjunction with the accompanying drawings 1, the utility model will be further described:

The utility model comprises body of wall 1, beam 2, last purlin 3, following purlin 4, middle part purlin 5, purlin 5.1, double-deck hollow pocket type aerated film 6, ventilating skylight 7, following ventilating opening 8, automatic curtain thermal insulation quilt 9, underground heat heat storage plate 10, heat-exchange tube 11, external Photospot solar 12, heat storage tank 13, underground heat heat accumulation pipe 14, blower fan 15 and inlet tube 16, body of wall 1 basis adopts heat insulating concrete to build by laying bricks or stones, install beam 2 between body of wall 1 and the ground, last purlin 3, following purlin 4, middle part purlin 5, double-deck hollow pocket type aerated film 6, ventilating skylight 7 and automatic curtain thermal insulation quilt 9, the disconnected temperate zone of soil is done in the outside, described body of wall 1 basis; Underground heat heat storage plate 10 is embedded under the soil, and medium communicates with heat-exchange tube 11 in the heat storage plate, forms the closed-loop path; Outdoorly establish external concentrating solar 12, medium links to each other with underground heat storage case 13 in it; High-order bit in the greenhouse is provided with inlet tube 16 and links to each other with blower fan 15 inlets, and blower fan is introduced underground heat accumulation pipe 15 with hot blast.

Concrete each component description is as follows:

A, body of wall 1 are composite air layer heat-preserving wall, and wall body structure is respectively thermal insulation coatings+outer body of wall+air heat-insulation layer+aluminium foil mineral wool+air heat-insulation layer+accumulation of heat interior wall+heat absorption mortar from outside to inside.Outer body of wall adopts insulation material, stops indoor heat outwards to conduct; Interior body of wall adopts the accumulation of heat heat-absorbing material, daytime heat absorption back and accumulation of heat, and the heat release at night delays room temperature and descends; The centre is provided with air layer+three layers of thermal insulation layer of aluminium foil mineral wool+air layer, reduces the heat conduction; The fine solution heat absorption of body of wall like this, accumulation of heat, heat insulation, insulation quadruple function, body of wall is three: north wall, Dong Shanqiang, Western Hills wall (greenhouse is for sitting in the north facing the south).

Body of wall 1 basis adopts heat insulating concrete to build by laying bricks or stones, builds by laying bricks or stones for the four sides and does the disconnected temperate zone of soil, and blocking-up guarantees the temperature of indoor ground temperature because of the temperature transmission that soil causes.

B, beam 2 adopt twin beams, and by the galvanized pipe simmering and bending, roof beam structure connects the quick special connecting piece of employing, is convenient to transportation, installation, dismounting, and can improves structural bearing capacity; Service life is more than 25 years.

C, last purlin 3, following purlin 4, middle part purlin 5 all adopt galvanized pipe, link to each other with quick special connecting piece with beam.Wherein go up purlin 3 and open the adapter of several holes as the greenhouse inner conduit; Following purlin 4 is opened the adapter of several holes and is done mixing natural pond drop pipe, splashes into crop root soil, and the termination of following purlin 4 connects natural pond liquid case, and natural pond liquid case is established automatic liquid supply device, realizes the continuity of drip irrigation, and the drip irrigation mode is energy-conservation irrigation; Middle part purlin 5 is opened several aperture dress shower nozzles and is executed comprehensively and spill for fertilizer, medicine, water, and unified control is sprayed in the operating room; And with reference to accompanying drawing, it is the CO2 releasing tube that purlin 5.1 is opened several apertures, prescribes a time limit down when indoor CO2 concentration is lower than setting value, and the inductor induction begins to discharge CO2 and stops to setting value the upper limit.More than because employing equipment is concentrated automatic control operation, comprehensive, the nothing that have guaranteed dispenser are omitted, and environment CO2 steady concentration provides good condition to plant growth, simultaneously reduce the workman greatly and work by force, fully satisfy the above and following demand in plant ground nutrition.

D, double-deck hollow pocket type aerated film 6 adopt the longevity of gas tube pocket type not have the film of dripping, on covering and the purlin.Double-deck air layer plays heat-blocking action, when night or summer duplicature is inflated, and can reduce indoor and transmission speed outdoor temperature, plays the effect that keeps room temperature.Also there is air layer between double-layer inflated film and the thermal insulation quilt simultaneously, plays the effect of heat-insulation and heat-preservation equally.Each is independently all established and links to each other with gas tube flatly in the lower end of bilayer zone, and air pump is established in the termination of gas tube, air pump work, and bilayer zone is promptly inflatable.

E, ventilating skylight 7 are positioned at the shoulder in greenhouse, above the beam, adopt composite insulation boards, and width is about 1 meter.Adopt gear mechanism to melt the mode of closing that opens, avoid the manual seam ventilation operation inconvenience of taking off, the shortcoming of fragile overlapping film.

F, following ventilating opening 8 adopt and fasten with film-pressing tank and press mold in the upper end of film, and the lower end of film fixedly fastens on film rolling axis with plastics, and an end of film rolling axis is connected with film-coiling device, shakes film-coiling device, drive film rolling axis and just can make film roll or put down.Following ventilating opening air intake, the air-out of ventilating skylight place is as the usefulness of the ventilation in greenhouse.

G, automatic curtain thermal insulation quilt 9 adopt the insulation of PC thermal insulation quilt, on covering and the double-deck pocket type aerated film.Adopt that quality is light, waterproof, durable thermal insulation quilt, be equipped with gear type roller shutter machine light and fast and finish roller shutter and put curtain.

H, underground heat heat storage plate 10 bury with soil under.Medium communicates with heat-exchange tube 11 in the heat storage plate, forms the closed-loop path.Heat-exchange tube absorbs the heat in the heat storage tank, by heat storage plate heat is passed to indoor soil, thereby guarantees the indoor temperature at night.

I, the outdoor concentrating solar 12 of establishing, medium links to each other with underground heat storage case 13 in it.Adopt concentrating solar can improve the density of sunshine, under identical sun pipe area, medium can improve more than 3 times in it.Daytime solar absorption heat, be stored in the heat storage tank; Medium is medium in the heat transferred heat-exchange tube in the night heat storage tank, in the heat-exchange tube medium through built-in hanging heat storage plate with the heat transferred room air, thereby guarantee the indoor temperature at night.

J, in the high-order bit in greenhouse inlet tube 17 is set and links to each other with blower fan 16 inlets, blower fan is introduced underground heat accumulation pipe 15 with hot blast, underground heat heat accumulation pipe 15 adopts earthenware, rely on daytime blower fan that the hot-air of indoor storage is introduced the underground heat storage pipe, improve ground temperature with this, because the specific heat of soil is big by the heat conduction, so the heat that store daytime is bigger, do not have at night under the situation of thermal source, the heat in soil and the heat accumulation pipe still can guarantee indoor certain temperature, keeps the plant growth condition.

K, automatic control room are arranged on the porch in greenhouse, and automatic control partly comprises the control of blower fan, water pump, the release of CO2 gas etc.Wherein the medicine that is connected with middle part purlin 5 of water pump, fertilizer, water receptacle link to each other, and are used for comprehensive sprinkling.

M, multi-form culture technique: select the cultivation of various ways for use,, reach clean, standardization and produce, realize growing seedlings, produce in the anniversary as water planting, substrate culture, container training, aerosol training, three-dimensional training etc.

When summer, not too high for guaranteeing indoor temperature, except that adopting ventilating skylight and down the ventilating opening, ante-venna can be installed also, or blower fan apparatus is fallen exhausting realize cooling.

Claims (3)

1. energy-efficient automatic control greenhouse by solar heat, comprise body of wall (1), beam (2), last purlin (3), following purlin (4), middle part purlin (5), double-deck hollow pocket type aerated film (6), ventilating skylight (7), automatic curtain thermal insulation quilt (9), the basis of body of wall (1) adopts heat insulating concrete to build by laying bricks or stones, install beam (2) between body of wall (1) and the ground, last purlin (3), following purlin (4), middle part purlin (5), double-deck hollow pocket type aerated film (6) ventilating skylight (7) and automatic curtain thermal insulation quilt (9), it is characterized in that: also comprise underground heat heat storage plate (10), heat-exchange tube (11), external Photospot solar (12), heat storage tank (13), underground heat heat accumulation pipe (14), blower fan (15) and inlet tube (16), the disconnected temperate zone of soil is done in the outside, basis of described body of wall (1); Underground heat heat storage plate (10) is embedded under the soil, and medium communicates with heat-exchange tube (11) in the heat storage plate, forms the closed-loop path; The outdoor external concentrating solar (12) of establishing, medium links to each other with underground heat storage case (13) in it; High-order bit in the greenhouse is provided with inlet tube (16) and links to each other with blower fan (15) inlet, and blower fan is introduced underground heat accumulation pipe (15) with hot blast.
2. energy-efficient automatic control greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described body of wall (1) be respectively thermal insulation coatings, outer body of wall, air heat-insulation layer, aluminium foil mineral wool, air heat-insulation layer, accumulation of heat interior wall, heat absorption mortar from outside to inside, wherein outer body of wall adopts insulation material to make, the accumulation of heat interior wall adopts the accumulation of heat heat-absorbing material to make, and the centre is provided with and reduces heat conducting air heat-insulation layer, aluminium foil mineral wool and air heat-insulation layer.
3. energy-efficient automatic control greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described purlin (3), following purlin (4) and the middle part purlin (5) gone up adopts galvanized pipe respectively, be movably connected with beam (2) fixed connecting piece, wherein go up purlin (3) and open the adapter of several holes as the greenhouse inner conduit; Following purlin (4) is opened the adapter of several holes and is done mixing natural pond drop pipe, and the termination of following purlin (4) connects natural pond liquid case, and natural pond liquid case is established automatic liquid supply device; Middle part purlin (5) is opened several apertures dress shower nozzles and is executed comprehensively and spill for fertilizer, medicine, water, and purlin (5.1) to open several apertures be the CO2 releasing tube.
CN200920252548XU 2009-11-06 2009-11-06 High-efficient energy-saving self-control sunlight greenhouse CN201617050U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102415298A (en) * 2011-10-28 2012-04-18 北京工业大学 Sunlight greenhouse composite wall construction system
CN102493677A (en) * 2011-11-16 2012-06-13 山东科技大学 Self-heating residence
CN102771346A (en) * 2012-08-02 2012-11-14 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Carbon crystal electric geothermal system and application thereof in fruit and vegetable production of facilities
CN102986479A (en) * 2011-09-13 2013-03-27 北大工学院绍兴技术研究院 System for comprehensively utilizing energy sources in greenhouse
CN103125315A (en) * 2011-11-30 2013-06-05 甘肃大禹节水集团股份有限公司 Solar supplying geotherm greenhouse gravity drip irrigation system
CN103181309A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-03 杨小林 Constant-temperature greenhouse
CN104737854A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-01 宁夏黄河现代设施装备开发制造有限公司 Active heat accumulating type greenhouse
CN106386278A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 定西市农业科学研究院 Intelligent step-less ventilation temperature-control system of greenhouse
CN108267292A (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-07-10 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of sunlight greenhouse vent coefficient of partial resistance measurement device and its application method
CN108966966A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-11 吉林省三和清洁能源开发有限公司 A kind of greenhouse storing energy and supplying hot irrigation system

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102986479A (en) * 2011-09-13 2013-03-27 北大工学院绍兴技术研究院 System for comprehensively utilizing energy sources in greenhouse
CN102415298A (en) * 2011-10-28 2012-04-18 北京工业大学 Sunlight greenhouse composite wall construction system
CN102493677A (en) * 2011-11-16 2012-06-13 山东科技大学 Self-heating residence
CN103125315A (en) * 2011-11-30 2013-06-05 甘肃大禹节水集团股份有限公司 Solar supplying geotherm greenhouse gravity drip irrigation system
CN103125315B (en) * 2011-11-30 2015-08-12 甘肃大禹节水集团股份有限公司 Solar energy is for the greenhouse gravitational drip irrigation system of underground heat
CN102771346A (en) * 2012-08-02 2012-11-14 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Carbon crystal electric geothermal system and application thereof in fruit and vegetable production of facilities
CN103181309A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-03 杨小林 Constant-temperature greenhouse
CN104737854A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-01 宁夏黄河现代设施装备开发制造有限公司 Active heat accumulating type greenhouse
CN104737854B (en) * 2015-04-02 2017-03-01 宁夏新起点现代农业装备科技有限公司 Active heat accumulating type greenhouse booth
CN106386278A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 定西市农业科学研究院 Intelligent step-less ventilation temperature-control system of greenhouse
CN108267292A (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-07-10 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of sunlight greenhouse vent coefficient of partial resistance measurement device and its application method
CN108966966A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-11 吉林省三和清洁能源开发有限公司 A kind of greenhouse storing energy and supplying hot irrigation system

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Granted publication date: 20101103

Termination date: 20111106