CN102657045A - Tissue culture and seedling raising integration energy-saving sunlight conjoined greenhouse - Google Patents

Tissue culture and seedling raising integration energy-saving sunlight conjoined greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102657045A
CN102657045A CN2012101462916A CN201210146291A CN102657045A CN 102657045 A CN102657045 A CN 102657045A CN 2012101462916 A CN2012101462916 A CN 2012101462916A CN 201210146291 A CN201210146291 A CN 201210146291A CN 102657045 A CN102657045 A CN 102657045A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
chamber
heat
disjunctor
solar heat
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Pending
Application number
CN2012101462916A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈丽君
代汉萍
雷家军
夏振平
李淑梅
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Shenyang Agricultural University
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Shenyang Agricultural University
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Priority to CN2012101462916A priority Critical patent/CN102657045A/en
Publication of CN102657045A publication Critical patent/CN102657045A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a tissue culture and seedling raising integration energy-saving sunlight conjoined greenhouse which has good thermal insulating properties and energy conservation effects, saves cost and reduces the risks in tissue culture and seedling transportation. The tissue culture and seedling raising integration energy-saving sunlight conjoined greenhouse comprises a solar greenhouse consisting of a sleeper wall, a framework, a rear slope, a bearing wall and gable walls, as well as a roller shutter arranged on the roof of the framework, wherein a rear house is connected with the rear side of the solar greenhouse to form the conjoined greenhouse, the rear house and the solar greenhouse shares the bearing wall, a protective wall body of the conjoined greenhouse consists of the sleeper wall at the front bottom corner of the solar greenhouse, the gable walls at the two ends of the solar greenhouse, the bearing wall in the middle of the solar greenhouse and brick walls of the rear house, a row of tissue culture rooms is arranged in the rear house in uniform intervals along the longitudinal direction, and each tissue culture room is provided with a door and window on the bearing wall. The conjoined greenhouse is applicable to the integral energy-saving production for tissue culture and seed raising.

Description

Group is cultivated seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of energy saving sunlight greenhouse, more particularly, relate to a kind of group and cultivate seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse.
Background technology
The Northeast's day and night temperature is big, and existing energy saving sunlight greenhouse indoor temperature in the daytime is too high, needs windproof cooling, and unnecessary heat runs off in vain, and the bad control of variations in temperature when leaking informaton, and variations in temperature is not steady, and misoperation is prone to the rice shoot in the greenhouse is damaged.In the nursery stock tissue culture procedures, temperature, illumination in the culturing room are strict, forbid daylight direct irradiation bottle, generally adopt fluorescent lamp as lighting apparatus, and air-conditioning carries out temperature control.When tissue cultivating seedling carries out the booth transplanting, require in time to handle, will prevent extruding, inversion, overheated and cold excessively in the transportation, spend many human and material resources.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome deficiency of the prior art, a kind of good heat insulating is provided, good energy-conserving effect is practiced thrift cost, reduces the group of tissue cultivating seedling risk in transit and cultivates seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse.In order to solve the technical problem of above-mentioned existence; The present invention adopts following technical proposals: cultivate seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse for of the present invention group; Comprise the greenhouse by solar heat of forming by sleeper wall, skeleton, adverse grade, load bearing wall, gable; And the roller shutter machine that is arranged on the skeleton ceiling, the rear side of said greenhouse by solar heat links to each other formation disjunctor greenhouse, chamber, back, this chamber, back and the shared load bearing wall of greenhouse by solar heat is set; And the sleeper wall at the preceding base angle of greenhouse by solar heat, the gable at two ends, middle load bearing wall, the brick wall of chamber, back constitute the protection body of wall in disjunctor greenhouse; Chamber, said back longitudinally evenly is provided with a row at interval and organizes the training chamber, for each group training chamber, is respectively equipped with door and window on this load bearing wall.
As preferred design of the present invention: the interior insulation film about high 70cm is set in the sleeper wall of said greenhouse by solar heat; The gable at two ends is designed to composite heat insulating wall, accompanies the thick polystyrene board heat-insulatation layer of 90mm in the middle, and build the both sides of heat-insulation layer has the thick brick wall of 240mm; 20~25mm solid wood is laid in the adverse grade bottom of greenhouse by solar heat, upwards sets gradually the thick polystyrene board heat-insulatation layer of 150mm, 1: 5 lime slag, 1: 3 cement mortar that the 25mm that tiles at last is thick.
As improvement of the present invention, the brick wall of chamber, said back is designed to composite heat insulating wall, accompanies the thick polystyrene board heat-insulatation layer of 90mm in the middle, and build the both sides of heat-insulation layer has the thick brick wall of 240mm; The roof 7 of back chamber selects for use compound color steel insulation material to process.
As further improvement of the present invention, this disjunctor greenhouse length overall 80m, the front and back span 8.5m of greenhouse by solar heat, the high 4.5m of the canopy of skeleton; The front and back span 5m of back chamber, the high 3.2m of front wall that load bearing wall constitutes, the high 2.8m of brick wall, the row that back chamber longitudinally evenly is provided with 10 8m * 5m at interval organizes the training chamber.
Owing to adopt technique scheme, cultivate the beneficial effect that seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse has for provided by the invention group and be:
Cultivate seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse for of the present invention group; The rear side of said greenhouse by solar heat links to each other formation disjunctor greenhouse, chamber, back is set; This back chamber and the shared load bearing wall of greenhouse by solar heat, and the protection body of wall in the brick wall formation disjunctor greenhouse of the gable at the sleeper wall at the preceding base angle of greenhouse by solar heat, two ends, middle load bearing wall, chamber, back.Chamber, said back longitudinally evenly is provided with a row at interval and organizes the training chamber, for each group training chamber, is respectively equipped with door and window on this load bearing wall.So in actual use, greenhouse by solar heat is as the greenhouse by solar heat of growing seedlings, and chambers are trained as a series of groups in back chamber, comprises the chemical chamber, aseptic inoculation chamber, culturing room and the office that are used to dispose the nutrition base, toilet etc.Form cross-ventilation through the door and window that is uniformly distributed with on the load bearing wall between greenhouse by solar heat and the chamber, back, reach exchange heat, the flat permanent function of temperature.
1. good heat insulating.Compare with single energy saving greenhouse; The unnecessary heat of front greenhouse by solar heat on daytime is absorbed by the chamber, back; The warm air of chamber has cushioned the cold air of greenhouse by solar heat after night; Played the function of exchange heat to a certain extent, made the interior minimum temperature of the greenhouse by solar heat of growing seedlings increase by 3~5 ℃ than common energy saving greenhouse.
2. good energy-conserving effect.Compare with independent culturing room, the air-conditioning availability of the culturing room's whole day in the disjunctor greenhouse saves 30%, and operating room, office's warming can save energy more than 60%.
3. saving cost.Greenhouse by solar heat and the shared load bearing wall in chamber, back reduce expenditure of construction, improve land utilization rate.Can practice thrift nearly 50,000 yuan of expenditure of construction.
4. reduce the tissue cultivating seedling risk in transit.Tissue cultivating seedling in the culturing room can be transplanted easily to the daylight greenhouse and grown seedlings, and group training, the integrated production of growing seedlings are saved the tissue cultivating seedling transit link, the risk in transit of the lack of water that has produced when having reduced the tissue cultivating seedling long-distance transportation, frostbite, extruding etc.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is an of the present invention group of organigram of cultivating seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse.
Among the figure: sleeper wall 1; Skeleton 2; Roller shutter machine 3; Adverse grade 4; Door and window 5; Load bearing wall 6; Roof 7; Brick wall 8; Heat-insulation layer 9; Gable 10.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is described in further detail:
As shown in the figure; Provided of the present invention group of embodiment organigram of cultivating seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse; Comprise the greenhouse by solar heat of forming by sleeper wall 1, skeleton 2, adverse grade 4, load bearing wall 6, gable 10; And the roller shutter machine 3 that is arranged on skeleton 2 ceilings, the rear side of said greenhouse by solar heat links to each other formation disjunctor greenhouse, chamber, back, this chamber, back and the shared load bearing wall 6 of greenhouse by solar heat is set; And the sleeper wall 1 at the preceding base angle of greenhouse by solar heat, the gable 10 at two ends, middle load bearing wall 6, the brick wall 8 of chamber, back constitute the protection body of wall in disjunctor greenhouse; Chamber, said back longitudinally evenly is provided with a row at interval and organizes the training chamber, for each group training chamber, is respectively equipped with door and window 5 on this load bearing wall 6.
As the preferred embodiments of the present invention, as shown in the figure, the interior insulation film about high 70cm is set in the sleeper wall 1 of said greenhouse by solar heat; The gable 10 at two ends is designed to composite heat insulating wall, accompanies the thick polystyrene board heat-insulatation layer of 90mm in the middle, and build the both sides of heat-insulation layer has the thick brick wall of 240mm; 20~25mm solid wood is laid in adverse grade 4 bottoms of greenhouse by solar heat, upwards sets gradually the thick polystyrene board heat-insulatation layer of 150mm, 1: 5 lime slag, 1: 3 cement mortar that the 25mm that tiles at last is thick.
As the preferred embodiments of the present invention, as shown in the figure, the brick wall 8 of chamber, said back is designed to composite heat insulating wall, accompanies the thick polystyrene board heat-insulatation layer 9 of 90mm in the middle, and build the both sides of heat-insulation layer 9 has the thick brick wall of 240mm; The roof 7 of back chamber selects for use compound color steel insulation material to process.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in the figure, this disjunctor greenhouse length overall 80m, the front and back span 8.5m of greenhouse by solar heat, the high 4.5m of the canopy of skeleton 2; The front and back span 5m of back chamber, the high 3.2m of front wall that load bearing wall 6 constitutes, brick wall 8 high 2.8m, the row that back chamber longitudinally evenly is provided with 10 8m * 5m at interval organizes the training chamber.
Because the brick wall 8 of the gable 10 at sleeper wall 1, two ends, chamber, back is composite heat insulating wall, this just makes energy-conservation daylight disjunctor greenhouse have insulation, heat storage performance preferably.Simultaneously, in actual use of the present invention and operational management process, as run under the cold snap situation, can carry out the covering of heat-preservation cotton quilt with roller shutter machine 3, can on greenhouse by solar heat inner frame 2, set up the slip shade net in case of necessity is that the illumination of growing seedlings is regulated.
The uniform row in 10 intervals of back chamber organizes the training chamber, comprises the chemical chamber, aseptic inoculation chamber, culturing room and the office that are used to dispose the nutrition base, toilet etc.Form cross-ventilation through the door and window 5 that is uniformly distributed with on the load bearing wall 6 between the shared load bearing wall Room 6, two between greenhouse by solar heat and the chamber, back, reach certain flat permanent function of exchange heat, temperature.Compare good heat insulating with single energy saving greenhouse; The disjunctor greenhouse can make group training, the integrated production of growing seedlings; Save the transit link of tissue cultivating seedling, the risk in transit of the lack of water that has produced when having reduced the tissue cultivating seedling long-distance transportation, frostbite, extruding etc.The integrated of a series of factorial seedling growth production links such as transplanting in inoculation and the cultivation of expanding numerous, tissue cultivating seedling and the canopy of configuration, tissue cultivating seedling of medium realized in group training, the integrated greenhouse of growing seedlings; Convenient centralized management; Efficient energy-saving helps the large-scale production of the industry of growing seedlings.Have and improve the production environment of growing seedlings, reduce the expense of heating, cost is low, income is high, the characteristics of convenient management.

Claims (5)

1. a group is cultivated seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse; Comprise the greenhouse by solar heat of forming by sleeper wall (1), skeleton (2), adverse grade (4), load bearing wall (6), gable (10); And the roller shutter machine (3) that is arranged on skeleton (2) ceiling; It is characterized in that: the rear side of said greenhouse by solar heat links to each other formation disjunctor greenhouse, chamber, back is set; This back chamber and shared load bearing wall of greenhouse by solar heat (6), and the sleeper wall at the preceding base angle of greenhouse by solar heat (1), the gable (10) at two ends, middle load bearing wall (6), the brick wall (8) of chamber, back constitute the protection body of wall in disjunctor greenhouse, chamber, said back longitudinally evenly are provided with a row at interval and organize and train the chamber; For each group training chamber, be respectively equipped with door and window (5) on this load bearing wall (6).
2. cultivate seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse, it is characterized in that: the interior insulation film about high 70cm is set in the sleeper wall of said greenhouse by solar heat (1) for according to claim 1 group; The gable at two ends (10) is designed to composite heat insulating wall, accompanies the thick polystyrene board heat-insulatation layer of 90mm in the middle, and build the both sides of heat-insulation layer has the thick brick wall of 240mm; 20~25mm solid wood is laid in the adverse grade of greenhouse by solar heat (4) bottom, upwards sets gradually the thick polystyrene board heat-insulatation layer of 150mm, 1: 5 lime slag, 1: 3 cement mortar that the 25mm that tiles at last is thick.
3. cultivate seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse for according to claim 1 and 2 group; It is characterized in that: the brick wall (8) of chamber, said back is designed to composite heat insulating wall; Accompany the thick polystyrene board heat-insulatation layer (9) of 90mm in the middle, build the both sides of heat-insulation layer (9) has the thick brick wall of 240mm; The roof of back chamber (7) selects for use compound color steel insulation material to process.
4. cultivate seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse, it is characterized in that: this disjunctor greenhouse length overall 80m, the front and back span 8.5m of greenhouse by solar heat, the high 4.5m of canopy of skeleton (2) for according to claim 1 and 2 group; The front and back span 5m of back chamber, the high 3.2m of front wall that load bearing wall (6) constitutes, the high 2.8m of brick wall (8), the row that back chamber longitudinally evenly is provided with 10 8m * 5m at interval organizes the training chamber.
5. cultivate seedling integrated energy-saving daylight disjunctor greenhouse, it is characterized in that: this disjunctor greenhouse length overall 80m, the front and back span 8.5m of greenhouse by solar heat, the high 4.5m of canopy of Sunlight greenhouse frame (2) for according to claim 3 group; The front and back span 5m of back chamber, the high 3.2m of front wall that load bearing wall (6) constitutes, the high 2.8m of brick wall (8), the row that back chamber longitudinally evenly is provided with 10 8m * 5m at interval organizes the training chamber.
CN2012101462916A 2012-05-11 2012-05-11 Tissue culture and seedling raising integration energy-saving sunlight conjoined greenhouse Pending CN102657045A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104025929A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-10 韶关车八岭农业科技有限公司 Dendrobium officinale culture system
CN104389357A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-03-04 安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所 Efficient energy-saving tissue culture room temperature complementing wall
CN105123335A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-09 苏延利 Greenhouse
CN107711210A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-02-23 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of cultivation rack for plant and the plant factor greenhouse provided with the cultivation rack for plant

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2182517Y (en) * 1993-09-06 1994-11-16 朱友泉 Structure for solar energy green house with organisms circulation function
CN1354973A (en) * 2000-11-24 2002-06-26 兰州大学 Sunlight greenhouse
CN1480026A (en) * 2003-07-10 2004-03-10 沈阳农业大学 Heliogreenhouse in bi-directional and shed sape
CN201671370U (en) * 2009-12-23 2010-12-15 东北农业大学 Planting and culturing combination ecological energy-saving type heliogreenhouse
CN201758619U (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-03-16 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Wind-resistant energy-saving heliogreenhouse
CN201869620U (en) * 2009-12-14 2011-06-22 天津市林业果树研究所 Combined shed for producing vegetables and edible fungi
CN202026620U (en) * 2010-12-06 2011-11-09 天津市林业果树研究所 Special warmhouse for producing edible fungi
CN202035335U (en) * 2011-04-19 2011-11-16 吉林省宏贺节能工程有限公司 Thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2182517Y (en) * 1993-09-06 1994-11-16 朱友泉 Structure for solar energy green house with organisms circulation function
CN1354973A (en) * 2000-11-24 2002-06-26 兰州大学 Sunlight greenhouse
CN1480026A (en) * 2003-07-10 2004-03-10 沈阳农业大学 Heliogreenhouse in bi-directional and shed sape
CN201758619U (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-03-16 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Wind-resistant energy-saving heliogreenhouse
CN201869620U (en) * 2009-12-14 2011-06-22 天津市林业果树研究所 Combined shed for producing vegetables and edible fungi
CN201671370U (en) * 2009-12-23 2010-12-15 东北农业大学 Planting and culturing combination ecological energy-saving type heliogreenhouse
CN202026620U (en) * 2010-12-06 2011-11-09 天津市林业果树研究所 Special warmhouse for producing edible fungi
CN202035335U (en) * 2011-04-19 2011-11-16 吉林省宏贺节能工程有限公司 Thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104025929A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-10 韶关车八岭农业科技有限公司 Dendrobium officinale culture system
CN104025929B (en) * 2014-06-24 2015-12-09 韶关车八岭农业科技有限公司 Dendrobium candidum culture systems
CN104389357A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-03-04 安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所 Efficient energy-saving tissue culture room temperature complementing wall
CN105123335A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-09 苏延利 Greenhouse
CN107711210A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-02-23 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of cultivation rack for plant and the plant factor greenhouse provided with the cultivation rack for plant

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