CN107251879B - Energy-saving farm and breeding method - Google Patents

Energy-saving farm and breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107251879B
CN107251879B CN201710576628.XA CN201710576628A CN107251879B CN 107251879 B CN107251879 B CN 107251879B CN 201710576628 A CN201710576628 A CN 201710576628A CN 107251879 B CN107251879 B CN 107251879B
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workshop
cultivation
cockroach
layer
crop planting
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CN107251879A (en
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李鸿怡
左立
姜丽娟
张立伟
张仝
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Shandong Kunpeng Agricultural Development Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of cultivation, and particularly relates to an energy-saving farm and a cultivation method. The energy-saving cultivation field adopts the ground area to plant crops, adopts the underground area to cultivate cockroaches, is provided with the conveying pipeline between the cockroaches cultivation workshop and the crop cultivation workshop, saves and fully utilizes land resources, adopts an underground or semi-underground mode, does not occupy the ground space, saves the land use area and improves the land utilization rate. Meanwhile, more sufficient carbon dioxide is provided for crops as a photosynthesis element, and the growth of the crops is promoted; pure condensed water is provided for crops for irrigation, so that water resources are saved; provides more sufficient oxygen for the cockroach cultivation workshop and is beneficial to the growth and the propagation of the cockroaches.

Description

Energy-saving farm and breeding method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of cultivation, and particularly relates to an energy-saving farm and a cultivation method.
Background
The total land resource in China is rich but people are poor, and the land resource consumption is further increased along with the increasing of population and the acceleration of industrialization process and the continuous expansion of industrial land. While the total population is continuously increased, the per capita cultivated land and the cultivation area of China are rapidly reduced, so that the effective planting and cultivation area of the land must be increased on the limited land, and the effective utilization rate of the land is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides an energy-saving farm which can save and fully utilize land resources.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides an energy-conserving plant, includes blattaria workshop and crop planting workshop, be provided with pipeline between blattaria workshop and the crop planting workshop.
Preferably, the transportation pipeline includes a gas transportation pipeline and a water transportation pipeline for mutually transporting gas and water in the plant.
Preferably, the farm is a multi-layer cultivation workshop.
Preferably, the upper layer of the multi-layer cultivation workshop is a crop planting workshop, and the lower layer of the multi-layer cultivation workshop is a cockroach cultivation workshop.
Preferably, the crop planting workshop is arranged as an overground layer, the cockroach cultivation workshop is arranged as an overground layer or an underground layer or a semi-underground layer, and the semi-underground layer is arranged to be partially overground and partially underground.
Preferably, a closed planting shed is arranged on the crop planting workshop, and the cockroach cultivation workshop is supported through a supporting frame.
Preferably, the cockroach cultivation workshop is provided with an upper or side lighting opening.
Preferably, a lighting device and a forced ventilation device are arranged inside the cockroach cultivation workshop.
The invention also provides an energy-saving breeding method, and the technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
an energy-saving cultivation method, wherein the energy-saving cultivation farm carries out blattaria cultivation and crop planting.
Preferably, the lower layer is used as a cockroach cultivation workshop for cultivating cockroaches, and the upper layer is used as a crop planting workshop for planting crops; conveying the damp and hot air in the cockroach cultivation workshop to a crop planting workshop through a gas conveying pipeline, and heating, humidifying and adding carbon dioxide to the crop planting workshop; conveying the air in the crop planting workshop to a cockroach cultivation workshop through a gas conveying pipeline to cool and oxygenate the cockroach cultivation workshop; conveying the hot and humid air condensate water in the cockroach cultivation workshop to a crop planting workshop through a water conveying pipeline for irrigating crops; daylighting is carried out through the daylight opening in the blattaria workshop, throws light on and ventilates through lighting device and forced draft device regularly.
The invention has the advantages of
(1) The energy-saving cultivation field adopts the ground area to plant crops, adopts the underground area to cultivate the cockroaches, saves and fully utilizes land resources, adopts an underground or semi-underground mode, does not occupy the ground space, saves the land use area and improves the land utilization rate.
(2) The energy-saving cultivation farm and the cultivation method can fully utilize the heat energy, the humidity and the carbon dioxide generated in the blattaria cultivation process to plant crops, realize reutilization while saving energy, improve the concentration of the carbon dioxide, are beneficial to the growth and photosynthesis of the crops, and greatly improve the yield of the crops.
(3) The energy-saving cultivation farm and the cultivation method can fully utilize the air with high oxygen content in the crop planting workshop, lower the temperature and increase the oxygen in the blattaria cultivation workshop, create the cultivation environment beneficial to the growth of the blattaria and greatly improve the yield of the blattaria. (4) The energy-saving cultivation farm and the cultivation method can fully utilize the hot and humid air condensate water generated in the blattaria cultivation process, are used for crop irrigation, and save water resources.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an energy-saving farm according to embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of an energy-saving farm according to embodiment 2 of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of an energy-saving farm according to embodiment 3 of the present invention.
In the figure: 1: and 2, crop planting workshop: cockroach workshop 3: and (4) the ground surface: the supporting frame 5: lighting port 6: the lighting device 7: forced draft device 8: gas delivery line 9: water delivery pipe 10: the condensed water container 11: the pump 12: a fan 13: a planting shed.
Detailed Description
Example 1
As shown in figure 1, the energy-saving cultivation farm comprises a cockroach cultivation workshop 2 and a crop planting workshop 1, wherein a conveying pipeline is arranged between the cockroach cultivation workshop 2 and the crop planting workshop 1.
Preferably, the transportation pipes include a gas transportation pipe 8 and a water transportation pipe 9 for mutually transporting gas and water in the plant.
Preferably, the farm is a multi-layer cultivation workshop.
Preferably, the multi-layer cultivation workshop comprises an overground layer and an underground layer, wherein the underground layer is supported by the supporting frame 4, and the overground layer is provided with a closed planting shed 13.
Preferably, the underground layer is a cockroach cultivation workshop 2, the overground layer is a crop planting workshop 1, a gas conveying pipeline 8 and a water conveying pipeline 9 for mutually conveying gas and water in the workshop are arranged between the underground layer and the overground layer, one end of the water conveying pipeline 9 is communicated with a condensed water container 10, the other end of the water conveying pipeline is communicated with a pump, and the hot and humid air condensed water in the cockroach cultivation workshop is conveyed to the crop planting workshop under the action of the pump for irrigating crops; gas conveying pipeline 8 and fan intercommunication realize the gaseous exchange in the blattaria cultivation workshop and the crop planting workshop under the effect of fan.
Preferably, the underground cockroach breeding plant 2 is provided with an upper or side lighting opening 5.
Preferably, the lighting device 6 and the forced ventilation device 7 are arranged in the cockroach cultivation workshop 2 of the underground layer, the forced ventilation device 7 comprises a fan, and an air outlet of the fan is communicated with the air on the ground through a pipeline.
Example 2
As shown in figure 2, an energy-saving cultivation farm comprises a cockroach cultivation workshop 2 and a crop planting workshop 1, wherein a conveying pipeline is arranged between the cockroach cultivation workshop 2 and the crop planting workshop 1.
Preferably, the transportation pipes include a gas transportation pipe 8 and a water transportation pipe 9 for mutually transporting gas and water in the plant.
Preferably, the farm is a multi-layer cultivation workshop.
Preferably, the multi-layer cultivation workshop comprises an overground layer and a semi-underground layer, wherein the semi-underground layer is partially arranged on the ground and partially arranged under the ground, the semi-underground layer is supported by a supporting frame 4, and a closed planting shed is arranged on the overground layer.
Preferably, the semi-underground layer is a cockroach cultivation workshop 2, the overground layer is a crop planting workshop 1, a gas conveying pipeline 8 and a water conveying pipeline 9 for mutually conveying gas and water in the workshop are arranged between the semi-underground layer and the overground layer, one end of the water conveying pipeline 9 is communicated with a condensed water container 10, the other end of the water conveying pipeline is communicated with a pump, and the hot and humid air condensed water in the cockroach cultivation workshop is conveyed to the crop planting workshop under the action of the pump for irrigating crops; gas conveying pipeline 8 and fan intercommunication realize the gaseous exchange in the blattaria cultivation workshop and the crop planting workshop under the effect of fan.
Preferably, the semi-underground cockroach cultivation plant 2 is provided with a side daylight opening 5.
Preferably, the lighting device 6 and the forced ventilation device 7 are arranged in the cockroach cultivation workshop 2 of the semi-underground layer, the forced ventilation device 7 comprises a fan, and an air outlet of the fan is communicated with air on the ground through a pipeline.
Example 3
As shown in figure 3, an energy-saving cultivation farm comprises a cockroach cultivation workshop 2 and a crop planting workshop 1, wherein a conveying pipeline is arranged between the cockroach cultivation workshop 2 and the crop planting workshop 1.
Preferably, the transfer ducts include a gas transfer duct 8 and a water transfer duct 9 for mutually transferring gas and water in the plant.
Preferably, the farm is a multi-layer cultivation workshop.
Preferably, the upper layer of the multi-layer cultivation workshop is a crop planting workshop 1, the lower layer of the multi-layer cultivation workshop is a cockroach cultivation workshop 2, and the upper layer and the lower layer are both arranged on the ground.
A gas conveying pipeline 8 and a water conveying pipeline 9 for mutually conveying gas and water in the workshop are arranged between the lower cockroach cultivation workshop 2 and the upper crop planting workshop 1, one end of the water conveying pipeline 9 is communicated with a condensed water container 10, the other end of the water conveying pipeline is communicated with a pump, and the damp and hot air condensed water in the cockroach cultivation workshop is conveyed to the crop planting workshop under the action of the pump for irrigating crops; gas conveying pipeline 8 and fan intercommunication realize the gaseous exchange in the blattaria cultivation workshop and the crop planting workshop under the effect of fan.
Preferably, a closed planting shed is arranged on the crop planting workshop 1, and the cockroach cultivation workshop 2 is supported by a supporting frame 4.
Preferably, the cockroach breeding workshop 2 is provided with a side lighting opening 5.
Preferably, a lighting device 6 and a forced ventilation device 7 are arranged in the cockroach cultivation workshop 2, the forced ventilation device 7 comprises a fan, and an air outlet of the fan is communicated with outside air through a pipeline.
Example 4
An energy-saving cultivation method for cockroach cultivation and crop planting by using the energy-saving cultivation field in the embodiment 1, 2 or 3. The lower layer is used as a cockroach cultivation workshop for cultivating the cockroaches, and the upper layer is used as a crop planting workshop for planting the crops; the hot and humid air in the cockroach cultivation workshop is conveyed to the crop planting workshop through a gas conveying pipeline 8, and the temperature of the crop planting workshop is raised, the crop planting workshop is humidified, and carbon dioxide is added; air in the crop planting workshop is conveyed to a cockroach cultivation workshop through a gas conveying pipeline 8, so that the temperature and oxygen of the cockroach cultivation workshop are reduced and increased; the hot and humid air condensate water in the cockroach cultivation workshop is conveyed to a crop planting workshop through a water conveying pipeline 9 to irrigate crops; daylighting is carried out through daylighting mouth 5 in the blattaria workshop, throws light on and ventilates through lighting device 6 and forced draft device 7 regularly. The temperature in the cockroach cultivation workshop is controlled at 25-32 deg.C, the humidity is 60-98%, and the cockroach feeding density is 0.5-250 kg/m according to the single-layer cultivation workshop area 2
Example 5
In order to compare the breeding and planting effects of the invention, 3 groups of experiments are adopted for comparison, and experiment 1 adopts a traditional planting method for planting corn; experiment 2 the traditional cultivation method was used to cultivate blattaria; experiment 3 the energy-saving cultivation method of the invention is adopted to cultivate, the corn is planted on the overground layer, and the blatta is cultivated on the underground layer and the semi-underground layer. The field area of three groups of experiments is 1 mu respectively, and the culture and planting conditions are the same. The experimental time is from 2016 to 2016 and 10 months, and the experimental place is experimental field of Shandong Qiabin agricultural science and technology Limited. Specific experimental data are shown in table 1.
TABLE 1 comparison of experimental data
Figure BDA0001351128440000051
As can be seen from the data in the table 1, the energy-saving cultivation method provided by the invention has the advantages that the cultivation and planting yield is obviously improved compared with that of the traditional method, the cultivation and planting cost is greatly reduced, and the economic value is higher.
Example 6
In order to further compare the planting effect of the invention, 2 groups of experiments are adopted for comparison, and experiment 1 adopts a traditional planting method for spinach planting; experiment 2 cockroach was cultivated by a conventional cultivation method; experiment 3 the energy-saving cultivation method of the invention is adopted to cultivate spinach on the overground layer and blattaria on the underground layer and the semi-underground layer. The field area of three groups of experiments is 0.5 mu each, and the culture and planting conditions are the same. The experimental time is 2016 to 2016 and 7 months, and the experimental place is Shandong Qiaobin agricultural science and technology Limited experimental field. Specific experimental data are shown in table 2.
TABLE 2 comparison of experimental data
Figure BDA0001351128440000061
As can be seen from the data in Table 2, the energy-saving cultivation method provided by the invention has the advantages that the cultivation and planting yield is obviously improved compared with that of the traditional method, and particularly the yield of green-leaf plants is obviously improved.

Claims (2)

1. An energy-saving culture method is characterized in that: carrying out cockroach cultivation and crop planting by using an energy-saving cultivation farm; the energy-saving farm is a multi-layer cultivation workshop; the upper layer of the multi-layer cultivation workshop is a crop planting workshop, and the lower layer of the multi-layer cultivation workshop is a cockroach cultivation workshop; a conveying pipeline is arranged between the cockroach cultivation workshop and the crop planting workshop; the conveying pipeline comprises a gas conveying pipeline and a water conveying pipeline which are used for mutually conveying gas and water in the workshop; the crop planting workshop is arranged as an overground layer, and the cockroach cultivation workshop is arranged as an underground layer or a semi-underground layer; the cockroach cultivation workshop is provided with a lighting opening; an illuminating device and a forced ventilation device are arranged in the cockroach cultivation workshop;
the cockroach cultivation workshop is used for cultivating cockroaches, and the crop planting workshop is used for planting crops; conveying the damp and hot air in the cockroach cultivation workshop to a crop planting workshop through a gas conveying pipeline, and heating, humidifying and adding carbon dioxide to the crop planting workshop; conveying the air in the crop planting workshop to a cockroach cultivation workshop through a gas conveying pipeline to cool and oxygenate the cockroach cultivation workshop; conveying the hot and humid air condensate water in the cockroach cultivation workshop to a crop planting workshop through a water conveying pipeline for irrigating crops; daylighting is carried out through the daylighting mouth in the blattaria cultivation workshop, throws light on and ventilates through lighting device and forced draft device regularly.
2. The energy-saving culture method according to claim 1, characterized in that: be provided with inclosed planting canopy on the crop planting workshop, the blatta cultivation workshop supports through braced frame.
CN201710576628.XA 2017-07-14 2017-07-14 Energy-saving farm and breeding method Active CN107251879B (en)

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CN109874575A (en) * 2019-04-20 2019-06-14 抚州市新创汇信息技术有限公司 A kind of liftable agricultural planting greenhouse
CN109874574A (en) * 2019-04-20 2019-06-14 抚州市新创汇信息技术有限公司 A kind of intelligent temperature control agricultural planting greenhouse

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CN1162071C (en) * 2001-10-11 2004-08-18 大理成言实业有限责任公司 American large roach cultivation method
CN103109779B (en) * 2013-02-20 2015-11-18 广州市重盈工元贸易有限公司 Three-dimensional culture field and cultural method
CN203105372U (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-08-07 宾川成满生物科技有限公司 American cockroach raising device
CN205794406U (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-12-14 赵美玲 Greenhouse cultivation is given up
CN207185689U (en) * 2017-07-14 2018-04-06 山东巧宾农业科技有限公司 One kind energy-conservation plant

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