CN102293133B - Industrialized agricultural automatic production line - Google Patents

Industrialized agricultural automatic production line Download PDF

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CN102293133B
CN102293133B CN201010209252.7A CN201010209252A CN102293133B CN 102293133 B CN102293133 B CN 102293133B CN 201010209252 A CN201010209252 A CN 201010209252A CN 102293133 B CN102293133 B CN 102293133B
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equipment
agricultural
energy
transmission equipment
production
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CN102293133A (en
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李建民
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Chengdu Aonengpu Technology Co Ltd
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Chengdu Aonengpu Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

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Abstract

Object of the present invention is just to provide Industrialized agricultural automatic production line, can scale, intelligent, modularization, new forms of energy, the facility realizing agricultural production of batch production, agricultural production casing is placed on transmission equipment, controlled by set temperature around conveying equipment and plantation casing, light filling, liquid carrying supplies, the devices such as information gathering realize the temperature of production process, humidity, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution concentrations etc. are accurate, dynamically, subregion, intelligence, energy-conservation control, namely the transmission achieving agricultural production casing also achieves the control it being carried out to artificial environment simultaneously, and then achieve batch production, low cost agricultural production, be suitable for breeding, aquatic products, livestock products, the batch production of mushroom etc.

Description

Industrialized agricultural automatic production line
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural facility, be applicable to the settings such as batch production, scale, intelligentized agricultural planting, cultivation, forest seedling nursing, and adopt renewable energy resources to realize the factory farming facility of energy supply.
Background technology
Renewable energy resources mainly comprises solar energy, wind energy, water energy, biomass energy, geothermoenergy and ocean energy etc.The various forms of new forms of energy is all come from the sun directly or indirectly or earth interior stretches out produced heat energy.Include the energy that solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, geothermoenergy, water energy and ocean energy and the biofuel be derived by renewable energy resources and hydrogen produce.Alternatively, new forms of energy comprise various renewable energy resources and nuclear energy.The world asserts, oil, and the resources such as colliery will speed up minimizing.Nuclear energy, solar energy are about to become main energy sources.United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is divided into following three major types new forms of energy: big-and-middle-sized water power; New renewable energy resources, comprises small power station, solar energy, wind energy, modern biotechnology mass-energy, geothermoenergy, ocean energy (tide energy); Penetrate biomass energy.
One ground is said, and conventional energy resource refers to technical comparative maturity and by the energy utilized on a large scale, and new forms of energy typically refer to and utilize not yet on a large scale, just at the energy that active research is developed.Therefore, coal, oil, natural gas and big-and-middle-sized water power are all counted as conventional energy resource, and using solar energy, wind energy, modern biotechnology mass-energy, geothermoenergy, ocean energy and nuclear energy, Hydrogen Energy etc. as new forms of energy.Broad sense new forms of energy will mainly forgive the following aspects: 1, the efficiency utilization energy; 2, comprehensive utilization of resources; 3, renewable energy resources; 4, the energy is replaced; 5, nuclear energy; And 6, energy-conservation.
Renewable energy resources, new forms of energy, to widely use in cities and towns with traditional energy, wherein solar energy is divided into low temperature, middle temperature and applied at elevated temperature, the hot water application technology of low temperature is ripe, major product form is the water heater of solar energy, be used after adopting vacuum glass Manifold technology to absorb heat, in this kind of application, employing is had heat pipe to be inserted into inner technology heat being delivered to outside acquisition solar energy of glass tube with vacuum.The photovoltaic generation development of solar low-temperature is swift and violent; monocrystalline silicon, polysilicon, hull cell have all achieved scale application; and focusing photovoltaic generating, adopt tracking system to realize photovoltaic still because cost is high, need the subsidy of country could realize the application of scale.Application mainly slot type, butterfly and the tower application of solar energy high temperature, can realize the generating of high temperature and other application of high temperature.The solar cooker application of the middle high-temperature of existing solar energy, main employing reflecting plate reflects the sun, solar energy is directly focused on kitchen range, realize the utilization to solar energy, have no idea to collect solar energy so that night and overcast and rainy application this kind of technology, the more impossible application to its other modes further.In addition, the application of living beings and biogas is also carried out in different regions; Shallow layer surface heat energy is utilized to be that geothermoenergy utilizes by main heat pump techniques.
The application of the utilization of existing renewable energy resources, new forms of energy mainly single household, or the application of the small-scale of each unit, can not become planningization, the agricultural planting of batch production provides the energy.
So-called industrialized agriculture refers to have certain facility, and can create suitable weather element at subrange, be the agricultural production that growth and development of plants and animals provides good environmental condition and carry out.Industrialized agriculture is as the important component part of modern agriculture, apply for many years in the vast rural area of China, its development is filled with new blood to China's traditional farming, solve the problem of food and clothing of most people. the industrialized agriculture of developed country, complete set technology, complete facilities and equipment, production specification are formed, stable yield.In these countries, Facilities Construction scale is large, and production efficiency is high, adheres to the demonstration of new and high technology, propagation and employment all the time, obtains considerable benefit.For Holland, there is glass greenhouse 13000hm in the whole nation 2, and being large-scale modernization attached-greenhouse, automaticity is high, production efficiency is high, and warm Indoor Temperature, light, water, gas, fertilizer etc. achieve intelligentized control method.The technical system of a whole set of complete specifications is defined from Fruit variety, cultivation management to packaging of gathering, tomato, cucumber etc. achieve 1 year one large stubble without native Long term cultivation, reach 9 ~ 10 months picking time, the average every strain of cucumber gathers 80, the average every strain of tomato gathers 35 fringes really, average yield 60Kg/m 2, create world today's maximum output and effective levels.Greenhouse energy saving technology is also the emphasis of greenhouse research work, along with the execution of " Kyodo Protocol book ", Holland is as the agreement state of protocol, specify that the energy efficiency of all industries was down to 35% in 1980 by 2010, be equivalent to the use of the fossil fuel of minimizing 65%, greenhouse industry has shared the obligation in the whole nation about 20%.At present, the major measure that they take comprises: improve cladding material light transmittance, and increase greenhouse solar amount of incident, they mainly develop the exploitation of greenhouse roof wash machine and Zigzag sheet material in this regard; Heat energy multipurpose utilizes and waste heat recovery; The application of greenhouse superficial-layer geothermal energy power-saving technology; The research of thermal insulation technology, is mainly reflected in three aspects, and one is widely using of inside holding curtain, and two is insulations of gutter, and three is increase the air-tightness in greenhouse and the insulation of outer enclosed structure; The research and development of novel energy-conserving new technology, such as transform greenhouse structure, make full use of solar energy, cultivate low temperature resistant crop etc.Can according to the different requirements of crop to environment in Israel's modern greenhouse, by calculator to internal environment as the factors such as light, temperature, water, gas, fertilizer are automatically monitored and regulate and control, realize that chamber crop is round-the-clock, the High-efficient Production of annual.The factory farming of this state, the output of cucumber, tomato reaches 50Kg/m 2, rose output reaches 32/m 2, be 10 ~ 20 times of outdoor cropping.The state such as the U.S., Japan is also proposed the totally enclosed type production system representing the most advanced level in the world today; i.e. artificial supplementation illumination, all adopt computerized control, by robot or manipulator carry out transplant operation " plant factor " whole year results product more than 20 batches; vegetables annual production is the decades of times of outdoor cropping; the common feature of the industrialized agriculture of these countries has achieved intensive, scale, Virtual production, the production height socialization of greenhouse and auxiliary facility.At present, China's facilities horticulture area has reached more than 250 ten thousand hectares, accounts for 85% of world's facilities horticulture gross area.Facilities horticulture annual value of production reaches more than 2,000 hundred million yuan.In pattern of farming, facilities vegetable area accounts for more than 95% of China's facilities horticulture gross area.In area distribution, more than 70% is distributed in Huang-Huai-Hai and northern area thereof.Developing into of facilities horticulture solves supply problem in dull season in long-standing problem the northern area of China vegetables winter, improves living standard of urban and rural population, promotes social stability and played important function.
Organic farming is a kind of completely without the material such as fertilizer, agricultural chemicals, growth regulator, additive for farm animal feed of chemosynthesis, the production system of genetically engineered biological and product thereof is not used yet, its core is bio-diversity and the benign cycle of setting up and recovering agricultural ecosystem, to maintain the sustainable development of agricultural.In organic farming production system, crop straw, livestock and poultry muck, legume, green manure and organic waste are the main sources of soil fertility; Shift of crops and various physics, biology and Ecological Measures are the Main Means controlling weeds and damage by disease and insect.The foundation of organic farming production system needs an organic transfer process.
Organic farming is a promotion bio-diversity, circulate in biosphere and the ecological property production manage system of soil organisms activity.Organic farming requires to take recovery as far as possible, maintains, promotes ecological harmonious control measures, completely need not or substantially without the chemical fertilizer of Prof. Du Yucang, chemical pesticide, growth regulator and additive for farm animal feed etc., reduce the pollution of air, soil and moisture as far as possible, follow the ecological principle got close to nature, coordinate the balance of plant husbandry and aquaculture, adopt the agrotechnique of a series of sustainable development, the system agricultural industry of continual and steady, cycle development.The product that the production process of organic farming is produced, is called organic food.That the former produces and the Prof. Du Yucang material such as absolute prohibition use agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer, hormone in process at it, and latter allows to use these materials with limitation with the most marked difference of other pollution-free foods domestic.Therefore, the production of organic food is more much more difficult than other food, needs to set up brand-new production system, adopts corresponding substitute technology.Organic food is the environment-friendly type safety food that a class really comes from nature, eutrophy, high-quality.The subject matter also existed in existing Facility Agriculture Development: one is, the overall Sci-Tech Level of existing industrialized agriculture is not high, facility structure is simple and easy, and ambient control capability, production management also rely on experience to a great extent, also differs greatly with the requirement of standardization, precision production management.Industrialized agriculture needs perfect in environmental Kuznets Curves, administrative skill, biotechnology, artificial intelligence technology, the network information technology etc.Two are, the effectiveness of operation of industrialized agriculture is lower.The household contract management in units of family of China's soil production structure adjustment, the industrialized agriculture scale grown up is less, the market unsettled of product, and the industry chain (supply chain) of overall process is not yet formed, and social service system is not also set up completely.Three are, the mechanization degree of China's industrialized agriculture is low.The supporting level of China's machine of establishment agriculture is not high, and mechanized operation level is low, and produce still based on manpower at present, labour intensity is large.The problem that Mechanization Level is low has become the bottleneck of restriction China Facility Agriculture Development.Four are, China's industrialized agriculture operation and management level has much room for improvement.From the viewpoint of the conservative control etc. of breeding environment operation of specific breed, the operation and management level of China's industrialized agriculture and high yield, high-quality, safety, efficient requirement also have very large gap, and operation and management level is in urgent need to be improved.Generally speaking, many key technical problems need to research and solve, the related industry matched with it does not also perfect, particularly the Greenhouse operation expense of existing facility building is general higher, water, electricity, warm costly, building energy consumption is high, causes agriculture production cost high, industrialized agriculture is caused to lack economical and practical, the obstacle development of industrialized agriculture.
The facility of existing industrialized agriculture mainly concentrates on agricultural structure field, the particularly Building technology of various green house, from monomer to connection various booths, from adopting plastic film to the light-passing board adopting pvc, but also do not improve relative to the facility in booth, mainly still adopt traditional soil cultivation, the development of plant husbandry of such obstacle, even if in the area, Shouguang that China's Facility Agriculture Development is leading, its installation agriculture technology is still based on greenhouse technology, the barbarous soil that utilizes adopts a large amount of chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals, soil is by use that cruelty is excessive, chemical fertilizer cannot be recycled and realize higher production capacity, thus greenhouse is implemented agricultural and has also been gone to the end of development, be badly in need of wanting new technological break-through to realize the update of agricultural planting industry.In existing soilless culture, aerial fog cultivation and liquid culture are ripe, but be mainly also in laboratory stage, although there is simple soilless culture facility, as pipeline aerial fog cultivation facility, but these facilities do not have Temperature-controlled appliance, effective temperature cannot be realized control, the mode of the air only in dependence adjustment greenhouse realizes the temperature regulation and control to Plants, such technology not only consumes energy, cannot realize controlling the temperature of Plants simultaneously, thus be badly in need of improving existing agricultural planting equipment.
Conveying equipment is mainly used in the industries such as metallurgy, electric power, coal, chemical industry, building materials, harbour, grain.The conveying equipment that different sector applications is different, the feature of conveying equipment; Conveying equipment is the machinery of a kind of friction-driven transported material in a continuous manner.Apply it, by material on certain conveyer belt, a kind of conveying flow process of material from initial feed point to final emptying point, can be formed.It both can carry out the conveying of broken loose material, also can carry out the conveying of work piece.Except carrying out pure mass transport, can also match with the requirement of the technical process in each industrial enterprise production procedure, form rhythmical continuous productive process supply line.So conveying equipment is widely used in modern various industrial enterprise.Conveying equipment is except some common conveyer belts, conveyer (fixed conveyer, conveying worm), also have some vacuum conveying belts, conveyor apparatus, in vacuum, conveying equipment is used for conveying powdery material, have and be easy to install, easy to clean, low noise, the advantage of dustless conveying.
Conveyer is the material carrying machine of continus convergence material on certain circuit, also known as continuous conveyor.Conveyer can carry out level, inclination and vertical transport, also can form space conveying circuit, conveying circuit one be fixing.Conveyer conveying capacity is large, and haul distance is long, also can complete some technological operations in course of conveying simultaneously, so application is very extensive.Rubber conveyer is made up of parts such as conveyer belt (adhesive tape), cylinder, supporting arrangement, drive unit, change course device, feed arrangement, device for discharging, brake device, clearing apparatus and frames.Belt conveyor version is various, has grooved belt feeder, flat pattern belt feeder, climbing belt feeder, rolls the various ways such as belt feeder, turning belt feeder.Belt conveyor, rubber conveyer is applicable to conveying bulk density and is less than 1.67/ ton/cubic metre, is easy to draw the powdery got, low chiseling property of the mill material of granular, little bulk and bagged material, as coal, rubble, sand, cement, chemical fertilizer, grain etc.Temperature of charge is sent to be less than 60 DEG C.Its captain and assembling form can require to determine according to user, and transmission can use electric drum, also can with the drive unit being with bogie.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide Industrialized agricultural automatic production line, can scale, intelligent, modularization, new forms of energy, the facility realizing agricultural production of batch production, agricultural production casing is placed on transmission equipment, controlled by set temperature around conveying equipment and plantation casing, light filling, liquid carrying supplies, the devices such as information gathering realize the temperature of production process, humidity, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution concentrations etc. are accurate, dynamically, subregion, intelligence, energy-conservation control, namely the transmission achieving agricultural production casing also achieves the control it being carried out to artificial environment simultaneously, and then achieve batch production, low cost agricultural production, be suitable for breeding, aquatic products, livestock products, the batch production of mushroom etc.
Concrete summary of the invention is as follows: Industrialized agricultural automatic production line, comprise conveying equipment, agricultural production casing, support, the lighting apparatus of light filling, nutrition pipeline road, it is characterized in that: comprise at least one horizontal production line, it is made up of at least one deck transmission equipment, every layer of transmission equipment is provided with multiple agricultural production casing, the inside of agricultural production casing is provided with the material for planting, cultivating; Around transmission equipment, be provided with support, for transmission equipment and on agricultural production casing provide support; Every layer of transmission equipment is provided with light filling equipment, its position is higher than agricultural production casing, and described light filling equipment is supported by support or is arranged on the transmission equipment on upper strata, with thinking that agricultural production casing provides additional illumination light source; Every layer of transmission equipment is provided with liquid conducting pipes, and described liquid conducting pipes is supported by support or is arranged on the transmission equipment on upper strata, with thinking that agricultural production casing provides nutrient liquid.
At least side of horizontal production line is provided with longitudinal transmission equipment, and multiple lateral transport equipment is connected with longitudinal transmission equipment jointly, in order to be transferred on every layer of lateral transport equipment by longitudinal transmission equipment by agricultural production casing; At least side of longitudinal transmission equipment or lateral transport equipment is provided with workspace, production work personnel in this region to agricultural production casing carry out production and processing after, by by laterally or longitudinal transmission production line agricultural production casing is carried out the position being transferred to setting.
Between longitudinal transmission equipment and lateral transport equipment or around longitudinal transmission equipment or around lateral transport equipment, be provided with elevator, by this elevator, the agricultural production casing of bottom transmission equipment be elevated to different layers.
In order to be provided with one of at least following device in transmission equipment both sides to the agricultural production cabinet insulation on transmission equipment and printing opacity: the glass of A, transparent heat insulating, PVC board; B, light-passing plastic film; C, the insulating curtain that can open, roller shutter thermal insulation quilt; D, transportable light tight insulation material.
Transmission equipment is selected from least following one: A, belt conveyor, rubber conveyer; B, fixed conveyer; C, conveying worm; D, vacuum conveying belt, conveyer.
Agricultural production box house is provided with following one: the inside of A, agricultural production casing is provided with one or more layers planting tray, for sprouts of vegetable crops, groove or perforate are set bottom planting tray, the nutriment needed for culture matrix, porous class material, cultivation cup, fungus grown is put at groove or tapping, seed placed culture matrix, porous class material, cultivate in cup, the production of planting bud dish, mushroom does not need the crops of external nutrient source can be realized; B, matrix for substrate culture; C, the liquid cultivated for aquatic product; D, the equipment cultivated for domestic animals.
Following at least one equipment is set around transmission equipment, agricultural production casing: A, information acquisition system: by being arranged on the information gathering device around transmission equipment, agricultural production casing, after the information gathering of agricultural production box house, communicate information to casing outside by infor-mation-carrying wire; B, gas transmission pipeline: this pipeline is connected with agricultural production casing, the carbonic acid gas of outside, oxygen, new wind are transported to agricultural production box house, and multiple gases can utilize a pipeline to carry out carrying or multiple gases utilizes the multiple sub-pipe being arranged on gas transmission pipeline inside to carry in the different time; C, electricity usage equipment: described equipment is selected from following at least one: bulb, audio-frequency generator, electric heater, microwave generator, atomizer, electromagnetic generator; D, heat exchanger: described heat exchanger is arranged on the bottom of transmission equipment or inwall or top, and it is selected from following at least one: heat pipe, sleeve pipe, heat exchanger, radiator, fan coil, plastic tube, capillary; The end-equipment of E, fluid pipeline: described end-equipment is device liquid being carried out aerosolization, or for liquid being carried out the device sprayed, or be liquid switch valve.
The required energy is traditional energy, new forms of energy, renewable energy resources or its complementary system, traditional energy is provided by electrical network, new forms of energy, renewable energy resources preferably adopt solar electrical energy generation, solar energy acquisition heat energy, biogas facility, and being arranged on top, the surrounding of at least one agricultural structure thing, geothermoenergy collecting device arranges surrounding or the bottom of agricultural structure thing.
Be provided with a central control system, realize the monitoring to all plantations, cultivation, facility, device, detection, metering, control, described central controller is made up of intelligent control software, calculator, single board computer, sensor, checkout equipment, the temperature to each box house can be realized, humidity, illuminance, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution content of material control, and then realize intelligentized production; Temperature, humidity, illuminance, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution content of material sensor setting are transmitting around agricultural production casing or inner or factory farming interior of building, realize the collection to each controlled physical quantity, described sensor is connected with central computer, arrange in calculator by the intelligent control software of specialty, realize Based Intelligent Control factory farming interior of building being arranged to various facility.
A factory farming interior of building is provided with multiple automatic production line, multiple production line can the arrangement of horizontal and vertical, preferred building is according to the long southern and northern short layout of thing, make indoor production line can have larger daylighting effect, arrange in a region of interior of building and be used for office, processing, storage, transaction, breeding, the region of central control management, preferably this region is arranged on building north side, equipment for collecting solar energy is arranged on top of building, or be arranged on bottom or the surrounding of building, solar energy vacuum tube is selected in requirement according to printing opacity, solar light-transmitting hull cell, monocrystalline silicon, the at least one of polycrystal silicon cell is as equipment for collecting solar energy.
Multiple factory farming building is provided with in a region, be provided with at interior of building and organize production line more, certain building is set in region for office, processing, storage, transaction, breeding, central control management land used, all the other are for crop production, electric power facility, air conditioner facility is provided in each building, solar electric power and heat energy harvester to be arranged in top of building or region on ground or on building masonry wall, preferably equipment for collecting solar energy is arranged on top, supporting room, or solar energy vacuum tube is selected in the requirement according to printing opacity, solar light-transmitting hull cell, monocrystalline silicon, polycrystal silicon cell, biogas generating pit is arranged on bottom or the surrounding of building.
The advantage that this kind implements AGRICULTURAL ENERGY supply is: 1, adopt the present invention to be the automatic production line that factory farming provides agricultural production, make factory farming that this facility can be relied on to realize the production of industrialized production in agriculture.
2, the present invention both can provide industrialized agriculture facility for independently building, and was more suitable for being applied to the agricultural facility in the multiple industrialized agricultures buildings in a region.
3, the present invention can be suitable for the agricultural productions such as various plantation, cultivation, aquatic products.
4, the present invention can realize in enormous quantities, intellectuality, batch production, asepticize agricultural production.
5, the present invention can realize adopting new forms of energy to realize the energy supply of factory farming.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In accompanying drawing, digital concrete meaning is: 1: solar-energy photo-voltaic cell, 2: solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system, 3: assistance building, 4: breeding facility, 5: planting facility, 6: accumulation of heat casing, 7: heat-preserving wall, 8: biogas generating pit, 9: solar energy optical-thermal acquiring and transmission system, 10: liquid conducting pipes, 11: electric power transfer pipeline, 12: utilizing heat energy of air conditioner (cold) transmission pipeline, 13: information transmission pipeline, 14: gas transmission pipeline, 15: agricultural production casing, 16: belt conveyor, 17: aerosol generator, 18: watch-dog, 19: light compensating lamp, 20: audio-frequency generator, 21: thermal-insulating body, 22: fan coil, 23: video collector, 24: carbon-dioxide generator, 25: nutritional reservoir device, 26: facility in agricultural production casing, 27: horizontal production line, 28: longitudinal transmission equipment, 29: lift, 30: workspace, 31: insulating curtain, 32: support.
Accompanying drawing content is: Fig. 1: three horizontal two vertical production lines (vertical view); Fig. 2: triple-ply belt machine production line (end view); Fig. 3: the management control system that production line is arranged; Fig. 4: monomer factory farming mechanized production system; Fig. 5: nutrient liquid and energy conveyance conduit.
Embodiment
The vertical production line of embodiment one: three horizontal two as shown in Figure 1, this figure is three horizontal two vertical production lines, be provided with three horizontal production lines 27 and two longitudinal transmission equipments 28, the both sides on a horizontal production line are provided with the insulating curtain 31 that can open, as required for it provides insulation; The junction of horizontal production line and longitudinal transmission equipment is provided with lift 29, in the present embodiment, is provided with 6, for agricultural production casing is elevated; In the side of longitudinal production line, be provided with workspace 30, for processing agricultural production casing.After staff processes agricultural production casing in the workspace of longitudinal direction, agricultural production casing is transferred to the horizontal production line side of Article 3 by the longitudinal transmission equipment being arranged on one deck, after agricultural production casing is raised to three layers from one deck by the lift be arranged on wherein, again it is sent to centre position by the lateral transport equipment of three layers, thus achieves automation processing and produce.
Embodiment two: triple-ply belt machine production line as shown in Figure 2, three supports 32 are provided with in this figure, two, both sides and one, central authorities, also be provided with three layers of transmission equipment, belt conveyor selected by transmission equipment, transmission bearing and the support of transmission equipment carry out welding, be threaded, grafting, binding connect or bonding, transport tape be arranged on transmission bearing top and can on bearing rolling movement, agricultural production casing is arranged on conveyer belt top, is provided with light compensating apparatus and nutrient solution conveying plant on the top of agricultural production casing.
Embodiment three: as shown in Figure 3, this figure is the central control system being arranged on production line to the management control system that production line is arranged, and this part is arranged on around agricultural production casing, controls for carrying out management to agricultural production casing.
Agricultural production box house is provided with five pipelines, liquid conducting pipes 10, electric power transfer pipeline 11, utilizing heat energy of air conditioner (cold) transmission pipeline 12, information transmission pipeline 13, gas transmission pipeline 14, the Plants for box house provides required material, the energy, information, liquid, and described five pipelines can be connected through the outside corresponding intrument of casing and casing.On the liquid conducting pipes 10 of box house, be provided with following at least one device: aerosol device, spray equipment or pipe outlet, water flowed to agricultural production box house.Electric power transfer pipeline 11, the power equipment of box house is selected from following at least one: bulb, audio-frequency generator, electric heater, microwave generator, atomizer, electromagnetic generator.Bulb is adopted to carry out light filling to Plants, the different audio frequency adopting audio-frequency generator, electromagnetic generator to send, magnetic field realize stimulation on Plants planting process and impact, promote the growth of plant, animal, electric heater is the regulation and control of the temperature providing heat energy for system or realize local in traditional energy deficiency, and microwave generator, atomizer realize carrying out mist, gasification to water.Utilizing heat energy of air conditioner (cold) transmission pipeline 12 is provided with air conditioning terminal, and be arranged on the bottom of casing, inwall, top, namely, on the bottom being arranged on dividing plate top or dividing plate or dividing plate, air conditioner end equipment is selected from following at least one: heat pipe, sleeve pipe, heat exchanger, radiator, fan coil, plastic tube, capillary.Information transmission pipeline 13, information conduit inside is provided with infor-mation-carrying wire, at box house configuration information sampler, after the information gathering of box house, communicate information to casing outside by infor-mation-carrying wire, information gathering device is at least one device following preferably: temperature, pressure concentration sensor, video collector, base of leaf linear transducer, weight sensor.Gas transmission pipeline 14, can be transported to box house by the carbonic acid gas of outside, oxygen, new wind.Multiple gases can utilize a pipeline to carry out carrying or multiple gases utilizes the multiple sub-pipe being arranged on gas transmission pipeline inside to carry in the different time.The device of all box houses can be arranged on the bottom of casing, inwall, top as required, when arranging dividing plate in casing, on the bottom that can be arranged on dividing plate top or dividing plate or dividing plate, but no matter being arranged on any position of casing or dividing plate or bottom, is all carry out material, the energy, the exchange of information, transmission by these five pipelines with outside.
Embodiment four: monomer factory farming mechanized production system as shown in Figure 4, is provided with solar-energy photo-voltaic cell 1 and solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system 2 at the top of the building factory-style building of a trapezoidal shape; Be provided with planting facility 5 and breeding facility 4 therein, namely automatic production line of the present invention, comprise plant development line 5 and breeding production line 4; Trapezoidal agricultural structure are arranged according to thing progress row, arrange assistance building, arrange between power equipment, between boiler plant, between process equipment, between storage facilities, between office equipment in assistance building inside the body of wall of north side; Solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system by collection thermal energy storage in the accumulation of heat casing being arranged on below constructure ground 6, the heat energy of accumulation of heat casing realizes the conveying of heat energy by the air-conditioning conveyance conduit be connected with accumulation of heat casing, heat energy is transported in each agricultural production casing, by being arranged on heat-exchanger rig (fan coil) realization of box house to the energy supply of Plants and control; Vegeto-animal discarded object is placed in biogas generating pit 8, and biogas generating pit is arranged on the below ground of building north side; Building designs according to the energy conservation standard of 50%, clear glass is adopted in the solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system of top of building, its top adopts monocrystaline silicon solar cell, also transparent thin-film solar cells can be adopted, its inner Plants just can the crops of the corresponding position of clear glass plantation daylighting, and the main energy sources of such agricultural production can adopt renewable energy resources to produce.
Embodiment five: nutrient liquid and energy conveyance conduit are as shown in Figure 5, the production line agricultural automatic assembly line of two transverse directions is provided with in a factory farming workshop, the water of production line, electric power, the pipeline of air-conditioning equipment is interconnected, realize the nutrient solution in agricultural production casing, the conveying of the energy and control, nutrient liquid is transported to Article 2 production line after giving Article 1 production line by nutrient input again, then be back in standing reservoir device, electric power transportion wire delivers power on Article 1 and Article 2 production line, realize the conveying of nutrient solution and electric power.The thermal energy storage of solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system collection is in the accumulation of heat casing being arranged on below ground, heat energy is transported in each casing by pipeline by accumulation of heat casing, by being arranged on heat-exchanger rig (fan coil) realization of transport tape inside to the energy supply of Plants and control.
The production of various factory farming can be realized in conjunction with above-mentioned case.

Claims (8)

1. Industrialized agricultural automatic production line, comprises transmission equipment, agricultural production casing, support, the lighting apparatus of light filling, nutrition pipeline road, it is characterized in that:
Comprise at least one horizontal production line, it is made up of at least one deck transmission equipment, every layer of transmission equipment is provided with multiple agricultural production casing, the inside of agricultural production casing is provided with the material for planting, cultivating;
Around transmission equipment, be provided with support, for transmission equipment and on agricultural production casing provide support;
Every layer of transmission equipment is provided with light filling equipment, its position is higher than agricultural production casing, and described light filling equipment is supported by support or is arranged on the transmission equipment on upper strata, with thinking that agricultural production casing provides additional illumination light source;
Every layer of transmission equipment is provided with liquid conducting pipes, and described liquid conducting pipes is supported by support or is arranged on the transmission equipment on upper strata, with thinking that agricultural production casing provides nutrient liquid;
At least side of horizontal production line is provided with longitudinal transmission equipment, and multiple lateral transport equipment is connected with longitudinal transmission equipment jointly, in order to be transferred on every layer of lateral transport equipment by longitudinal transmission equipment by agricultural production casing; At least side of longitudinal transmission equipment or lateral transport equipment is provided with workspace, production work personnel in this region to agricultural production casing carry out production and processing after, by by laterally or longitudinal transmission production line agricultural production casing is carried out the position being transferred to setting;
Between longitudinal transmission equipment and lateral transport equipment or around longitudinal transmission equipment or around lateral transport equipment, be provided with elevator, by this elevator, the agricultural production casing of bottom transmission equipment be elevated to different layers;
In order to be provided with one of at least following device in transmission equipment both sides to the agricultural production cabinet insulation on transmission equipment and printing opacity:
The glass of A, transparent heat insulating or PVC board;
B, light-passing plastic film;
C, the insulating curtain that can open or roller shutter thermal insulation quilt;
D, transportable light tight insulation material.
2. Industrialized agricultural automatic production line according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described transmission equipment is selected from least following one:
A, belt conveyor, rubber conveyer;
B, fixed conveyer;
C, conveying worm;
D, vacuum conveying belt or conveyer.
3. Industrialized agricultural automatic production line according to claim 1, is characterized in that: agricultural production box house is provided with following one:
The inside of A, agricultural production casing is provided with one or more layers planting tray, for sprouts of vegetable crops, groove or perforate are set bottom planting tray, the nutriment needed for culture matrix, porous class material, cultivation cup, fungus grown is put at groove or tapping, seed placed culture matrix, porous class material, cultivate in cup, the production of planting bud dish, mushroom does not need the crops of external nutrient source can be realized;
B, matrix for substrate culture;
C, the liquid cultivated for aquatic product;
D, the equipment cultivated for domestic animals.
4. Industrialized agricultural automatic production line according to claim 1, is characterized in that: around transmission equipment, agricultural production casing, arrange following at least one equipment:
A, information acquisition system: by being arranged on the information gathering device around transmission equipment, agricultural production casing, after the information gathering of agricultural production box house, communicate information to casing outside by infor-mation-carrying wire;
B, gas transmission pipeline: this pipeline is connected with agricultural production casing, the carbonic acid gas of outside, oxygen, new wind are transported to agricultural production box house, and multiple gases can utilize a pipeline to carry out carrying or multiple gases utilizes the multiple sub-pipe being arranged on gas transmission pipeline inside to carry in the different time;
C, electricity usage equipment: described equipment is selected from following at least one: bulb, audio-frequency generator, electric heater, microwave generator, atomizer, electromagnetic generator;
D, heat exchanger: described heat exchanger is arranged on the bottom of transmission equipment or inwall or top, and it is selected from following at least one: heat pipe, sleeve pipe, heat exchanger, radiator, fan coil, plastic tube, capillary;
The end-equipment of E, fluid pipeline: described end-equipment is device liquid being carried out aerosolization, or for liquid being carried out the device sprayed, or be liquid switch valve.
5. Industrialized agricultural automatic production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the required energy is traditional energy, new forms of energy, renewable energy resources or its complementary system, traditional energy is provided by electrical network, new forms of energy, renewable energy resources adopt solar electrical energy generation, solar energy acquisition heat energy, biogas facility, and being arranged on top, the surrounding of at least one agricultural structure thing, geothermoenergy collecting device arranges surrounding or the bottom of agricultural structure thing.
6. Industrialized agricultural automatic production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with a central control system, realize the monitoring to all plantations, cultivation, facility, device, detection, metering, control, described central control system is made up of intelligent control software, calculator, single board computer, sensor, checkout equipment, the temperature to each box house can be realized, humidity, illuminance, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution content of material control, and then realize intelligentized production; Temperature, humidity, illuminance, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution content of material sensor setting are transmitting around agricultural production casing or inner or factory farming interior of building, realize the collection to each controlled physical quantity, described sensor is connected with central computer, arrange in calculator by the intelligent control software of specialty, realize Based Intelligent Control factory farming interior of building being arranged to various facility.
7. Industrialized agricultural automatic production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: a factory farming interior of building is provided with multiple automatic production line, multiple production line can the arrangement of horizontal and vertical, make indoor production line can have larger daylighting effect, arrange in a region of interior of building and be used for office, processing, storage, transaction, breeding, the region of central control management, equipment for collecting solar energy is arranged on top of building, or be arranged on bottom or the surrounding of building, solar energy vacuum tube is selected in requirement according to printing opacity, solar light-transmitting hull cell, monocrystalline silicon, the at least one of polycrystal silicon cell is as equipment for collecting solar energy.
8. Industrialized agricultural automatic production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in a region, be provided with multiple factory farming building, be provided with at interior of building and organize production line more, certain building is set in region for office, processing, storage, transaction, breeding, central control management land used, all the other are for crop production, electric power facility, air conditioner facility is provided in each building, solar electric power and heat energy harvester to be arranged in top of building or region on ground or on building masonry wall, equipment for collecting solar energy is arranged on top, supporting room, or solar energy vacuum tube is selected in the requirement according to printing opacity, solar light-transmitting hull cell, monocrystalline silicon, polycrystal silicon cell, biogas generating pit is arranged on bottom or the surrounding of building.
CN201010209252.7A 2010-06-24 2010-06-24 Industrialized agricultural automatic production line Expired - Fee Related CN102293133B (en)

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