CN103485556B - A kind of symbiotic cultivation system - Google Patents

A kind of symbiotic cultivation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103485556B
CN103485556B CN201310414187.5A CN201310414187A CN103485556B CN 103485556 B CN103485556 B CN 103485556B CN 201310414187 A CN201310414187 A CN 201310414187A CN 103485556 B CN103485556 B CN 103485556B
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layer
poultry farming
air
vegetables
aquaculture
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CN103485556A (en
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宋丽丹
范文华
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Jinhua Wide Open-Birth State Comprehensive Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Jinhua Wide Open-Birth State Comprehensive Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of aquatic products, poultry, vegetables symbiotic cultivation system, comprehensive three class biologies carry out symbiosis cultivation, save occupation of land greatly, save space, improve energy utilization rate and production efficiency, its concrete technical scheme is, a kind of symbiotic cultivation system, comprise aquaculture layer, poultry farming layer, vegetables cultivation layer, aquaculture layer, poultry farming layer, mutually isolated between vegetables cultivation layer, simultaneously, air communication is formed by ventilating structure between aquaculture layer and poultry farming layer, poultry farming layer and vegetables cultivate between layer and form air communication by ventilating structure, aquaculture layer and vegetables cultivate and form water body by water transport structure between layer and be communicated with.

Description

A kind of symbiotic cultivation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to symbiosis cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of aquatic products, poultry, vegetables symbiotic cultivation system.
Background technology
Along with the development of producing and the progress of technology, occurred diversified symbiosis cultivation form in agricultural production and aquaculture, as fish and vegetable symbiotic, aquaponics, plantation and livestock-raising, soil is planted, water is planted, culturing symbiosis etc.Symbiosis cultivation has many-sided advantage, especially reduces occupation of land, improves space availability ratio; Resource Recycling Utilization, raising resource utilization; Reduce energy consumption, reduce costs.For some special symbiosis cultivation, growth of can also mutually promoting between different types of biology, enhances productivity.At present, ubiquitous symbiosis cultivation mostly is the biocenotic form of two classes, and Technical comparing is ripe; The even a greater variety of symbiotic form of three class biocenosises is then actually rare, and the expansion of the increase of the biological species quantity of symbiosis cultivation, the scale of symbiosis cultivation, is conducive to further developing of symbiosis cultivation field.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of large-scale, fish, poultry, vegetables symbiotic cultivation system, the comprehensive three class biologies of this symbiotic cultivation system carry out symbiosis cultivation, have saved occupation of land greatly, have saved space, improve energy utilization rate and production efficiency.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is implemented by the following technical programs: a kind of symbiotic cultivation system, it is characterized in that, comprise aquaculture layer, poultry farming layer, vegetables cultivation layer, mutually isolated between aquaculture layer, poultry farming layer, vegetables cultivation layer, simultaneously, air communication is formed by ventilating structure between aquaculture layer and poultry farming layer, poultry farming layer and vegetables cultivate between layer and form air communication by ventilating structure, and aquaculture layer and vegetables cultivate and form water body by water transport structure between layer and be communicated with.
Described aquaculture layer locates below ground level, by foundation wall build form, be separated into the ventilation stack of some longitudinally arrangements, accumulation underground water in ventilation stack, ventilation stack air intake is arranged in the front end of ventilation stack, be communicated with outside atmosphere by ventilation stack air intake, ventilation stack air outlet is arranged in the rear end of ventilation stack, forms air communication by ventilation stack air outlet and poultry farming layer.
The air that aquaculture layer enters for being elevated outside, simultaneously for fish culture; Because aquaculture layer locates below ground level, lifting temperature then make use of cold underground heat naturally, not needing the object that just can reach lifting temperature by consuming other energy, having saved the energy; Aquaculture layer whole installation becomes air duct structure, and in ventilation stack, the underground water of accumulation is that fish culture provides condition.
Described poultry farming layer is positioned at the top of more than ground, aquaculture layer, built formed by ground, body of wall, top, the rearging cage for raise poultry is provided with in poultry farming layer, also be provided with some blower fans, the ground of poultry farming layer is provided with ground air intake, form air communication by ground air intake and aquaculture layer, the top of poultry farming layer is provided with top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan, cultivates layer of air be communicated with by top portion ventilation mouth with top blower fan and vegetables.
As preferably, described vegetables cultivation layer is positioned at the top of poultry farming layer, and the service portion of its surrounding is canopy shape structure, is connected and composed by plastic membranous layer, framework; The bottom surface overlying soil of vegetables cultivation layer; Also irrigation rig is provided with in vegetables cultivation layer.
Raise poultry in poultry farming layer, the carbon dioxide that poultry produces enters vegetables cultivation layer under the acting in conjunction of top portion ventilation mouth, frequency conversion fan, promote photosynthesis of vegetables, and then producing more oxygen, oxygen enters poultry farming layer again under the effect of top portion ventilation mouth and frequency conversion fan.
As preferably, described water transport structure comprises water pump, is connected to the aqueduct of vegetables cultivation layer from aquaculture layer.Utilize water pump and aqueduct the underground water in ventilation stack can be delivered to the vegetables cultivation layer of top, and by irrigation rig, drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation are carried out to vegetables; Meanwhile, the ight soil produced due to the poultry in poultry farming layer has ammonia composition, and after ammonia enters vegetables cultivation layer, run into water will generate urea, and urea is the nutriment of Vegetable produce.
As preferably, the body of wall of described formation poultry farming layer comprises front body of wall, rear body of wall, and the side wall body of both sides, and described blower fan is arranged into some rows, is fixed on the body of wall of rear.
Poultry farming layer is used for raise poultry, and be also the region of priority control temperature, such as, raise quail, room temperature remains on the growth that about 27 degree are conducive to quail most.When summer high temperature, temperature drift in poultry farming layer, in order to reduce interior temperature, just need to introduce Cryogenic air, now poultry farming layer forms negative pressure under the effect of blower fan, extraneous high temperature air is first entered from ventilation stack air intake, underground water is had because ventilation stack locates below ground level and accumulates, can utilize and cold high temperature air to be lowered the temperature, so when high temperature air flows to ventilation stack air outlet from ventilation stack air intake, air themperature is reduced, and the air after cooling enters poultry farming layer from ground air intake; When winter low temperature, temperature in poultry farming layer is on the low side, in order to promote interior temperature, just need to introduce warm air, now poultry farming layer forms negative pressure under the effect of blower fan, extraneous Cryogenic air is entered from ventilation stack air intake, underground water is had because ventilation stack locates below ground level and accumulates, underground heat can be utilized to heat up to air, so when Cryogenic air flows to ventilation stack air outlet from ventilation stack air intake, air themperature gets a promotion, and the air after intensification enters poultry farming layer from ground air intake.
As preferably, in described poultry farming layer, be also provided with the rearging cage for raise poultry.
As preferably, the inner both sides of described poultry farming layer, to be respectively arranged with on a stifled ventilative wall, ventilative wall near the position of side wall body and to be provided with some air-permeating holes.
As preferably, the ground air intake of described poultry farming layer is arranged on the bottom surface between ventilative wall and side wall body, near rear body of wall, and ground air intake is communicated with ventilation stack air outlet.
Above-mentioned air-permeating hole is separately positioned on the upper and lower of ventilative wall, and its air-permeating hole place is provided with verge board, and the object of this setting is the difference according to season, utilizes verge board to regulate the direction of air flowing.Such as, temperature during summer in poultry farming layer is higher, the air-permeating hole of below should be blocked, introduce Cryogenic air from the air-permeating hole of top, Cryogenic air is to sinking, comprehensive with the high temperature air convection current of indoor, along with Cryogenic air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature is reduced, and the air of unnecessary higher temperature enters vegetables cultivation layer from the ventilation opening at top after rising; Temperature during winter in poultry farming layer is lower, should block the air-permeating hole of top, air-permeating hole from below introduces warm air, and warm air is to rising, comprehensive with the Cryogenic air convection current of indoor, and along with warm air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature gets a promotion.
In sum, the present invention compared with prior art tool have the following advantages:
The invention provides a kind of large-scale aquatic products, poultry, vegetables symbiotic cultivation system, aquaculture layer is used for cultured fishes on the one hand, and make use of cold underground heat naturally carries out atmosphere temperature rising and cooling, energy conservation on the other hand; Ventilating structure in poultry farming layer, namely ventilative wall and being provided with of air-permeating hole are beneficial to flexible modulation air circulation trend, improve the heating and cooling efficiency of air; Poultry farming layer and vegetables cultivate mutual exchange between layer and supply carbon dioxide and oxygen, Resource Recycling Utilization, improve resource utilization; Aquaculture layer is vegetables cultivation layer conveying water body, ensures the moisture needed for vegetable growth; The comprehensive three class biologies of the present invention carry out symbiosis cultivation, have saved occupation of land greatly, have saved space, improve energy utilization rate and production efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of ventilation stack of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the lateral view of the ventilative wall of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is poultry farming layer inner air flow schematic diagram of the present invention.
Number in the figure is: 1, aquaculture layer; 2, poultry farming layer; 3, vegetables cultivation layer; 4, ventilation stack; 5, ventilation stack air intake; 6, ventilation stack air outlet; 7, rearging cage; 8, blower fan; 9, soil layer; 10, ventilative wall; 11, air-permeating hole; 12, ground air intake.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of symbiotic cultivation system, comprise aquaculture layer 1, poultry farming layer 2, vegetables cultivation layer 3, mutually isolated between aquaculture layer 1, poultry farming layer 2, vegetables cultivation layer 3, simultaneously, form air communication by ventilating structure between aquaculture layer 1 and poultry farming layer 2, poultry farming layer 2 and vegetables cultivate between layer 3 and form air communication by ventilating structure, and aquaculture layer 1 and vegetables cultivate and form water body by water transport structure between layer 3 and be communicated with.
Described aquaculture layer 1 locates below ground level, built by foundation wall and form, and be separated into the ventilation stack 4 of the longitudinal arrangement of at least twice, accumulation underground water in ventilation stack 4, on the one hand for being elevated temperature, is used for cultured fishes on the other hand; As shown in Figure 2, ventilation stack air intake 5 is arranged in the front end of ventilation stack 4, is communicated with outside atmosphere by ventilation stack air intake 5, and ventilation stack air outlet 6 is arranged in the rear end of ventilation stack 4, forms air communication by ventilation stack air outlet 6 and poultry farming layer 2.
Described poultry farming 2 layers is positioned at the top of more than ground, aquaculture layer 1, is built formed by ground, body of wall, top; The body of wall of described formation poultry farming layer 2 comprises front body of wall, rear body of wall, and the side wall body of both sides; In the wings on body of wall, be fixed with some exhaust blowers 8; The position of the described inner both sides of poultry farming layer 2, close side wall body is respectively arranged with on a stifled ventilative wall 10, ventilative wall 10 and is provided with air-permeating hole 11; On the both sides of poultry farming layer 2, ground between ventilative wall 10 and side wall body, near one end of rear body of wall, be provided with ground air intake 12, ground air intake 12 is communicated with ventilation stack air outlet 6, namely forms air communication with aquaculture layer 1; The rearging cage 7 for raise poultry is also provided with in poultry farming layer 2; The top of poultry farming layer 2 is provided with top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan, cultivates 3 air communication by top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan and vegetables; Top is also provided with multiple printing opacity mouth, for indoor lighting.
As shown in Figure 3, above-mentioned air-permeating hole 11 is separately positioned on the upper and lower of ventilative wall 10, and its air-permeating hole 11 place is provided with verge board, and the object of this setting is the difference according to season, utilizes verge board to regulate the direction of air flowing.Such as, temperature during summer in poultry farming layer is higher, the air-permeating hole 11 of below should be blocked, introduce Cryogenic air from the air-permeating hole 11 of top, Cryogenic air is to sinking, comprehensive with the high temperature air convection current of indoor, along with Cryogenic air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature is reduced, and the air of unnecessary higher temperature enters vegetables cultivation layer from the ventilation opening at top after rising; Temperature during winter in poultry farming layer is lower, and air-permeating hole 11, the air-permeating hole 11 from below that should block top introduce warm air, and warm air is to rising, comprehensive with the Cryogenic air convection current of indoor, and along with warm air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature gets a promotion.
As shown in Figure 3, the size of the air-permeating hole 11 on shown ventilative wall 10 there are differences, and from one end of close ground air intake to the other end in the trend of amplifying gradually, this setting can make the air in introducing poultry farming layer be uniformly distributed.When the area of each air-permeating hole 11 is identical, under the suction function that blower fan causes, the outside air entered from ground air intake always first enters from hithermost gravity vent 11, and the intake of distant air-permeating hole 11 is little, finally causes the air-distribution entering poultry farming layer unbalanced; If the size of air-permeating hole 11 there are differences, and be arranged to that air-permeating hole 11 area near ground air intake is less and air-permeating hole 11 area away from ground air intake is larger, so when outside air enters, owing to being subject to the restriction of air-permeating hole 11 nearby, more outside air just can continue flowing, from remotely, air-permeating hole 11 that area is larger enters.
Described vegetables cultivation layer 3 is positioned at the top of poultry farming layer 2, and the service portion of its surrounding is canopy shape structure, is connected and composed by plastic membranous layer, framework; The bottom surface overlying soil 9 of vegetables cultivation layer 3; Also irrigation rig is provided with in vegetables cultivation layer 3; Described water transport structure comprises water pump, is connected to the aqueduct of vegetables cultivation layer 3 from aquaculture layer 1.
The ventilation of symbiotic cultivation system and water body circulation style:
1) aquaculture layer is used for cultured fishes, and poultry farming layer is for raising quail, and vegetables cultivate planting vegetable in layer, then the interior temperature of poultry farming layer is suitable controls at about 27 degree;
2) as shown in Figure 4, when summer high temperature, poultry farming layer forms negative pressure under the effect of blower fan, extraneous high temperature air is entered from ventilation stack air intake, underground water is had because ventilation stack locates below ground level and accumulates, can utilize and cold air to be lowered the temperature, so when high temperature air flows to air outlet from air intake, air themperature is reduced, air after cooling enters poultry farming layer from the ground air intake of thermostat layer, along with Cryogenic air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature is reduced, and the air of unnecessary higher temperature enters vegetables cultivation layer from the ventilation opening at top after rising,
3) as shown in Figure 4, when winter low temperature, poultry farming layer forms negative pressure under the effect of blower fan, extraneous Cryogenic air is entered from the air intake of ventilation stack, has underground water because ventilation stack locates below ground level and accumulates, underground heat can be utilized to heat up to air, so when Cryogenic air flows to air outlet from air intake, air themperature gets a promotion, the air after intensification enters thermostat layer from the ground air intake of thermostat layer, along with warm air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature gets a promotion;
4) quail is raised in poultry farming layer, the carbon dioxide that quail produces enters vegetables cultivation layer under the acting in conjunction of top portion ventilation mouth, frequency conversion fan, promote photosynthesis of vegetables, thus producing more oxygen, oxygen returns poultry farming layer again under the effect of top portion ventilation mouth and frequency conversion fan;
5) aquaculture layer and vegetables cultivate between layer, utilize water pump and aqueduct the underground water in ventilation stack can be delivered to the vegetables cultivation layer of top, and carry out drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation by irrigation rig to vegetables; Meanwhile, the ight soil produced due to the quail in poultry farming layer has ammonia composition, and after ammonia enters vegetables cultivation layer, run into water will generate urea, and urea is the nutriment of Vegetable produce.
Specific embodiment described in literary composition is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various amendment or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.

Claims (7)

1. a symbiotic cultivation system, it is characterized in that, comprise aquaculture layer (1), poultry farming layer (2), vegetables cultivation layer (3), mutually isolated between aquaculture layer, poultry farming layer, vegetables cultivation layer, simultaneously, form air communication by ventilating structure between aquaculture layer and poultry farming layer, poultry farming layer and vegetables cultivate between layer and form air communication by ventilating structure, and aquaculture layer and vegetables cultivate and form water body by water transport structure between layer and be communicated with;
Described aquaculture layer locates below ground level, by foundation wall build form, be separated into the ventilation stack (4) of some longitudinally arrangements, accumulation underground water in ventilation stack, ventilation stack air intake (5) is arranged in the front end of ventilation stack, be communicated with outside atmosphere by ventilation stack air intake, ventilation stack air outlet (6) is arranged in the rear end of ventilation stack, forms air communication by ventilation stack air outlet and poultry farming layer;
Described poultry farming layer is positioned at the top of more than ground, aquaculture layer, built formed by ground, body of wall, top, some blower fans (8) are provided with in poultry farming layer, the ground of poultry farming layer is provided with ground air intake (12), air communication is formed by ground air intake and aquaculture layer, the top of poultry farming layer is provided with top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan, cultivates layer of air be communicated with by top portion ventilation mouth with top blower fan and vegetables.
2. symbiotic cultivation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described vegetables cultivation layer is positioned at the top of poultry farming layer, and the service portion of its surrounding is canopy shape structure, is connected and composed by plastic membranous layer, framework; The bottom surface overlying soil (9) of vegetables cultivation layer; Also irrigation rig is provided with in vegetables cultivation layer.
3. symbiotic cultivation system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described water transport structure comprises water pump, is connected to the aqueduct of vegetables cultivation layer from aquaculture layer.
4. symbiotic cultivation system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the body of wall of described formation poultry farming layer comprises front body of wall, rear body of wall, and the side wall body of both sides, and described blower fan is arranged into some rows, is fixed on the body of wall of rear.
5. symbiotic cultivation system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, is also provided with the rearging cage (7) for raise poultry in described poultry farming layer.
6. symbiotic cultivation system according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the position of the inner both sides of described poultry farming layer, close side wall body is respectively arranged with on a stifled ventilative wall (10), ventilative wall and is provided with some air-permeating holes (11).
7. symbiotic cultivation system according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the ground air intake of described poultry farming layer is arranged on the bottom surface between ventilative wall and side wall body, near rear body of wall, and ground air intake is communicated with ventilation stack air outlet.
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106259038A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-04 尹小军 A kind of agricultural cultivation facility
CN111789067A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-20 安徽盛渔农业科技有限公司 Multi-organism symbiotic culture system

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CN203475894U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-03-12 金华市广明生态农业综合开发有限公司 Commensalism cultivation building structure

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CN102134923A (en) * 2010-10-29 2011-07-27 许铁民 Multilayer stereo planting and breeding method and greenhouse
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CN102767305A (en) * 2011-05-04 2012-11-07 赵洁 Agricultural production method in stereoscopic mode, and building
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CN203475894U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-03-12 金华市广明生态农业综合开发有限公司 Commensalism cultivation building structure

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