CN103485556A - Symbiotic cultivation system - Google Patents

Symbiotic cultivation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103485556A
CN103485556A CN201310414187.5A CN201310414187A CN103485556A CN 103485556 A CN103485556 A CN 103485556A CN 201310414187 A CN201310414187 A CN 201310414187A CN 103485556 A CN103485556 A CN 103485556A
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China
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layer
poultry farming
air
wall
aquaculture
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CN201310414187.5A
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CN103485556B (en
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宋丽丹
范文华
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Jinhua Wide Open-Birth State Comprehensive Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Jinhua Wide Open-Birth State Comprehensive Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a symbiotic cultivation system for aquatics, domestic fowls and vegetables. The three types of organisms are cultivated symbiotically, so that land is saved greatly, space is saved and energy utilization rate and production efficiency can be increased. according to the specific technical scheme, the symbiotic cultivation system comprises an aquatic cultivation layer, a fowl cultivation layer and a vegetable cultivation layer, wherein the layers are mutually isolated; meanwhile, the aquatic cultivation layer and the domestic cultivation layer are in air communication through a ventilation structure, the fowl cultivation layer and the vegetable cultivation layer are in air communication through the ventilation structure, and the aquatic cultivation layer and the vegetable cultivation layer are in water communication through a water delivery structure.

Description

A kind of symbiosis cultivating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the symbiosis cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of aquatic products, poultry, vegetables symbiosis cultivating system.
Background technology
Along with the development of producing and the progress of technology, diversified symbiosis cultivation form has appearred in agricultural production and aquaculture, as fish and vegetable symbiotic, the aquatic animals and plants symbiosis, plantation and livestock-raising, soil is planted, water is planted, culturing symbiosis etc.The symbiosis cultivation has many-sided advantage, especially reduces and takes up an area, improves space availability ratio; Resource Recycling Utilization, raising resource utilization; Reduce energy consumption, reduce costs.The symbiosis special for some cultivates, and the growth of can also mutually promoting between different types of biology, enhance productivity.At present, ubiquitous symbiosis cultivation mostly is the biocenotic form of two classes, and the technology comparative maturity; The even a greater variety of symbiotic forms of three class biocenosises are actually rare, and the expansion of the scale of the increase of the biological species quantity of symbiosis cultivation, symbiosis cultivation, be conducive to further developing of symbiosis cultivation field.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of large-scale, fish, poultry, vegetables symbiosis cultivating system, the comprehensive three class biologies of this symbiosis cultivating system carry out the symbiosis cultivation, have saved greatly occupation of land, have saved space, have improved energy utilization rate and production efficiency.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is implemented by the following technical programs: a kind of symbiosis cultivating system, it is characterized in that, comprise aquaculture layer, poultry farming layer, vegetables cultivation layer, isolation mutually between aquaculture layer, poultry farming layer, vegetables cultivation layer, simultaneously, form air communication by ventilating structure between aquaculture layer and poultry farming layer, forms air communication by ventilating structure between poultry farming layer and vegetables cultivation layer, form water body by water transport structure between aquaculture layer and vegetables cultivate layer and be communicated with.
Described aquaculture layer locates below ground level, by basic body of wall, is built and formed, be separated into some ventilation stacks of vertically arranging, accumulate underground water in ventilation stack, the front end of ventilation stack is arranged to the ventilation stack air intake, by the ventilation stack air intake, with outside atmosphere, be communicated with, the ventilation stack air outlet is arranged in the rear end of ventilation stack, by ventilation stack air outlet and poultry farming layer, forms air communication.
The air that the aquaculture layer enters for the lifting outside, simultaneously for fish culture; Because the aquaculture layer locates below ground level, lifting temperature has utilized cold underground heat naturally, does not need just can reach the purpose of lifting temperature by consuming other energy, has saved the energy; Aquaculture layer whole installation becomes air duct structure, and the underground water of accumulating in ventilation stack provides condition for fish culture.
Described poultry farming layer is positioned at that ground is above, the top of aquaculture layer, build and form by ground, body of wall, top, be provided with the rearging cage for raise poultry in the poultry farming layer, also be provided with some blower fans, the ground of poultry farming layer is provided with the ground air intake, form air communication by ground air intake and aquaculture layer, the top of poultry farming layer is provided with top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan, by top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan, with vegetables cultivation layer of air, is communicated with.
As preferably, described vegetables cultivation layer is positioned at the top of poultry farming layer, and the service portion of its surrounding is canopy shape structure, by plastic membranous layer, framework, is connected and composed; The bottom surface overlying soil of vegetables cultivation layer; Also be provided with irrigation rig in vegetables cultivation layer.
Raise poultry in the poultry farming layer, the carbon dioxide that poultry produces enters vegetables cultivation layer under the acting in conjunction of top portion ventilation mouth, frequency conversion fan, promote photosynthesis of vegetables, and then producing more oxygen, oxygen enters again the poultry farming layer under the effect of top portion ventilation mouth and frequency conversion fan.
As preferably, described water transport structure comprises water pump, is connected to the aqueduct of vegetables cultivation layer from the aquaculture layer.Utilize water pump and aqueduct the underground water in ventilation stack can be delivered to the vegetables cultivation layer of top, and by irrigation rig, vegetables are carried out to drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation; Simultaneously, the ight soil produced due to the poultry in the poultry farming layer has the ammonia composition, runs into water and will generate urea after ammonia enters vegetables cultivation layer, and urea is the nutriment that vegetables produce.
As preferably, the body of wall of described formation poultry farming layer comprises the place ahead body of wall, rear body of wall, and the side wall body of both sides, and described blower fan is arranged into some rows, is fixed on the body of wall of rear.
The poultry farming layer, for raise poultry, is also the zone of priority control temperature, for example raises quail, and room temperature remains on the growth that 27 degree left and right are conducive to quail most.When summer high temperature, temperature drift in the poultry farming layer, in order to reduce interior temperature, just need to introduce Cryogenic air, now the poultry farming layer forms negative pressure under the effect of blower fan, extraneous high temperature air is first entered from the ventilation stack air intake, because ventilation stack locates below ground level and accumulates, underground water is arranged, can utilize ground is cold that high temperature air is lowered the temperature, so when high temperature air flows to the ventilation stack air outlet from the ventilation stack air intake, air themperature is reduced, and the air after cooling enters the poultry farming layer from the ground air intake; When winter low temperature, temperature in the poultry farming layer is on the low side, in order to promote interior temperature, just need to introduce warm air, now the poultry farming layer forms negative pressure under the effect of blower fan, extraneous Cryogenic air is entered from the ventilation stack air intake, because ventilation stack locates below ground level and accumulates, underground water is arranged, can utilize underground heat to be heated up to air, so when Cryogenic air flows to the ventilation stack air outlet from the ventilation stack air intake, air themperature gets a promotion, and the air after intensification enters the poultry farming layer from the ground air intake.
As preferably, in described poultry farming layer, also be provided with the rearging cage for raise poultry.
As preferably, the inner both sides of described poultry farming layer, near the position of side wall, be respectively arranged with on a stifled ventilative wall, ventilative wall and be provided with some air-permeating holes.
As preferably, the ground air intake of described poultry farming layer is arranged on the bottom surface between ventilative wall and side wall, near the rear body of wall, and the ground air intake is communicated with the ventilation stack air outlet.
Above-mentioned air-permeating hole is separately positioned on the upper and lower of ventilative wall, and its air-permeating hole place is provided with verge board, and the purpose of this setting is the difference according to season, utilizes verge board to regulate the direction of Air Flow.For example, temperature during summer in the poultry farming layer is higher, should block below air-permeating hole, introduce Cryogenic air from the air-permeating hole of top, Cryogenic air is to sinking, comprehensive with indoor high temperature air convection current, along with Cryogenic air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature is reduced, and after the rising of the air of unnecessary higher temperature, the ventilation opening from top enters vegetables cultivation layer; Temperature during winter in the poultry farming layer is lower, should block top air-permeating hole, introduce warm air from the air-permeating hole of below, warm air is to rising, comprehensive with indoor Cryogenic air convection current, along with warm air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature gets a promotion.
In sum, the present invention compared with prior art has following advantage:
The invention provides a kind of large-scale aquatic products, poultry, vegetables symbiosis cultivating system, the aquaculture layer, on the one hand for cultured fishes, has utilized cold underground heat naturally to carry out atmosphere temperature rising and cooling, energy conservation on the other hand; Ventilating structure in the poultry farming layer, being provided with of ventilative wall and air-permeating hole is beneficial to flexible modulation circulation of air trend, improves the heating and cooling efficiency of air; Mutually exchange and supply with carbon dioxide and oxygen between poultry farming layer and vegetables cultivation layer, Resource Recycling Utilization, improved resource utilization; The aquaculture layer is that vegetables cultivation layer is carried water body, guarantees the required moisture of vegetable growth; The comprehensive three class biologies of the present invention carry out the symbiosis cultivation, have saved greatly occupation of land, have saved space, have improved energy utilization rate and production efficiency.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of ventilation stack of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the lateral view of the ventilative wall of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is poultry farming layer inner air flow schematic diagram of the present invention.
Number in the figure is: 1, aquaculture layer; 2, poultry farming layer; 3, vegetables cultivation layer; 4, ventilation stack; 5, ventilation stack air intake; 6, ventilation stack air outlet; 7, rearging cage; 8, blower fan; 9, soil layer; 10, ventilative wall; 11, air-permeating hole; 12, ground air intake.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of symbiosis cultivating system, comprise aquaculture layer 1, poultry farming layer 2, vegetables cultivation layer 3, isolation mutually between aquaculture layer 1, poultry farming layer 2, vegetables cultivation layer 3, simultaneously, form air communication by ventilating structure between aquaculture layer 1 and poultry farming layer 2, between poultry farming layer 2 and vegetables cultivation layer 3, by ventilating structure, forms air communication, aquaculture layer 1 and vegetables form water body by water transport structure between cultivating layers 3 and are communicated with.
Described aquaculture layer 1 locates below ground level, by basic body of wall, is built and formed, and is separated into the ventilation stack 4 that at least twice are vertically arranged, and in ventilation stack 4, accumulates underground water, on the one hand for lifting temperature, on the other hand for cultured fishes; As shown in Figure 2, the front end of ventilation stack 4 is arranged to ventilation stack air intake 5, by ventilation stack air intake 5, with outside atmosphere, is communicated with, and ventilation stack air outlet 6 is arranged in the rear end of ventilation stack 4, by ventilation stack air outlet 6 and poultry farming layer 2, forms air communication.
2 layers of described poultry farmings are positioned at that ground is above, the top of aquaculture layer 1, by ground, body of wall, top, are built and are formed; The body of wall of described formation poultry farming layer 2 comprises the place ahead body of wall, rear body of wall, and the side wall body of both sides; On body of wall, be fixed with some exhaust blowers 8 in the wings; The position of the inner both sides of described poultry farming layer 2, close side wall is respectively arranged with on a stifled ventilative wall 10, ventilative wall 10 and is provided with air-permeating hole 11; On the ground between both sides, ventilative wall 10 and the side wall of poultry farming layer 2, near an end of rear body of wall, be provided with ground air intake 12, ground air intake 12 is communicated with ventilation stack air outlet 6, with aquaculture layer 1 formation air communication; Also be provided with the rearging cage 7 for raise poultry in poultry farming layer 2; The top of poultry farming layer 2 is provided with top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan, by top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan and vegetables, cultivates 3 air communication; Top also is provided with a plurality of printing opacity mouths, for indoor lighting.
As shown in Figure 3, above-mentioned air-permeating hole 11 is separately positioned on the upper and lower of ventilative wall 10, and its air-permeating hole 11 places are provided with verge board, and the purpose of this setting is the difference according to season, utilizes verge board to regulate the direction of Air Flow.For example, temperature during summer in the poultry farming layer is higher, should block below air-permeating hole 11, introduce Cryogenic air from the air-permeating hole 11 of top, Cryogenic air is to sinking, comprehensive with indoor high temperature air convection current, along with Cryogenic air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature is reduced, and after the rising of the air of unnecessary higher temperature, the ventilation opening from top enters vegetables cultivation layer; Temperature during winter in the poultry farming layer is lower, should block top air-permeating hole 11, introduce warm airs from the air-permeating hole 11 of below, warm air is to rising, comprehensive with indoor Cryogenic air convection current, along with warm air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature gets a promotion.
As shown in Figure 3, shown in the size of air-permeating hole 11 on ventilative wall 10 there are differences, be the trend of amplifying gradually from an end to the other end near the ground air intake, this setting can make the air of introducing in the poultry farming layer be uniformly distributed.When the area of each air-permeating hole 11 is identical, under the suction function caused at blower fan, the outside air entered from the ground air intake always first enters from hithermost gravity vent 11, and the intake of distant air-permeating hole 11 seldom, and the air-distribution that finally causes entering the poultry farming layer is unbalanced; If the size of air-permeating hole 11 there are differences, and be arranged near air-permeating hole 11 areas of ground air intake less and larger away from air-permeating hole 11 areas of ground air intake, so when outside air enters, due to the restriction that is subject to air-permeating hole 11 nearby, more outside air just can continue to flow, and from a distance, air-permeating hole 11 that area is larger, enters.
Described vegetables cultivation layer 3 is positioned at the top of poultry farming layer 2, and the service portion of its surrounding is canopy shape structure, by plastic membranous layer, framework, is connected and composed; The bottom surface overlying soil 9 of vegetables cultivation layer 3; Also be provided with irrigation rig in vegetables cultivation layer 3; Described water transport structure comprises water pump, is connected to the aqueduct of vegetables cultivation layer 3 from aquaculture layer 1.
The ventilation of symbiosis cultivating system and water body circulation style:
1) the aquaculture layer is for cultured fishes, and the poultry farming layer is for raising quail, and vegetables cultivate planting vegetable in layer, the suitable 27 degree left and right that are controlled at of the interior temperature of poultry farming layer;
2) as shown in Figure 4, when summer high temperature, the poultry farming layer forms negative pressure under the effect of blower fan, extraneous high temperature air is entered from the ventilation stack air intake, because ventilation stack locates below ground level and accumulates, underground water is arranged, can utilize ground is cold that air is lowered the temperature, so when high temperature air flows to air outlet from air intake, air themperature is reduced, air after cooling enters the poultry farming layer from the ground air intake of thermostat layer, along with Cryogenic air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature is reduced, and the ventilation opening from top after the air of unnecessary higher temperature rises enters vegetables cultivation layer,
3) as shown in Figure 4, when winter low temperature, the poultry farming layer forms negative pressure under the effect of blower fan, and extraneous Cryogenic air is entered from the air intake of ventilation stack, because ventilation stack locates below ground level and accumulates, underground water is arranged, can utilize underground heat to be heated up to air, so, when Cryogenic air flows to air outlet from air intake, air themperature gets a promotion, the air after intensification enters thermostat layer from the ground air intake of thermostat layer, along with warm air is constantly introduced, indoor temperature gets a promotion;
4) raise quail in the poultry farming layer, the carbon dioxide that quail produces enters vegetables cultivation layer under the acting in conjunction of top portion ventilation mouth, frequency conversion fan, promote photosynthesis of vegetables, thereby produce more oxygen, oxygen returns to again the poultry farming layer under the effect of top portion ventilation mouth and frequency conversion fan;
5), between aquaculture layer and vegetables cultivation layer, utilize water pump and aqueduct the underground water in ventilation stack can be delivered to the vegetables cultivation layer of top, and by irrigation rig, vegetables are carried out to drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation; Simultaneously, the ight soil produced due to the quail in the poultry farming layer has the ammonia composition, runs into water and will generate urea after ammonia enters vegetables cultivation layer, and urea is the nutriment that vegetables produce.
Specific embodiment described in literary composition is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. a symbiosis cultivating system, it is characterized in that, comprise aquaculture layer (1), poultry farming layer (2), vegetables cultivation layers (3), isolation mutually between aquaculture layer, poultry farming layer, vegetables cultivation layer, simultaneously, form air communication by ventilating structure between aquaculture layer and poultry farming layer, between poultry farming layer and vegetables cultivation layer, by ventilating structure, forms air communication, form water body by water transport structure between aquaculture layer and vegetables cultivate layer and be communicated with;
Described aquaculture layer locates below ground level, by basic body of wall, is built and formed, be separated into some ventilation stacks of vertically arranging (4), accumulate underground water in ventilation stack, the front end of ventilation stack is arranged to ventilation stack air intake (5), by the ventilation stack air intake, with outside atmosphere, be communicated with, ventilation stack air outlet (6) is arranged in the rear end of ventilation stack, by ventilation stack air outlet and poultry farming layer, forms air communication;
Described poultry farming layer is positioned at that ground is above, the top of aquaculture layer, build and form by ground, body of wall, top, be provided with some blower fans (8) in the poultry farming layer, the ground of poultry farming layer is provided with ground air intake (12), form air communication by ground air intake and aquaculture layer, the top of poultry farming layer is provided with top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan, by top portion ventilation mouth and top blower fan, with vegetables cultivation layer of air, is communicated with.
2. symbiosis cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described vegetables cultivation layer is positioned at the top of poultry farming layer, and the service portion of its surrounding is canopy shape structure, by plastic membranous layer, framework, is connected and composed; The bottom surface overlying soil (9) of vegetables cultivation layer; Also be provided with irrigation rig in vegetables cultivation layer.
3. symbiosis cultivating system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described water transport structure comprises water pump, is connected to the aqueduct of vegetables cultivation layer from the aquaculture layer.
4. symbiosis cultivating system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the body of wall of described formation poultry farming layer comprises the place ahead body of wall, rear body of wall, and the side wall body of both sides, and described blower fan is arranged into some rows, is fixed on the body of wall of rear.
5. symbiosis cultivating system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, also is provided with the rearging cage (7) for raise poultry in described poultry farming layer.
6. symbiosis cultivating system according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the position of the inner both sides of described poultry farming layer, close side wall is respectively arranged with on a stifled ventilative wall (10), ventilative wall and is provided with some air-permeating holes (11).
7. symbiosis cultivating system according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the ground air intake of described poultry farming layer is arranged on the bottom surface between ventilative wall and side wall, close rear body of wall, and the ground air intake is communicated with the ventilation stack air outlet.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106259038A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-04 尹小军 A kind of agricultural cultivation facility
CN111789067A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-20 安徽盛渔农业科技有限公司 Multi-organism symbiotic culture system

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CN102767305A (en) * 2011-05-04 2012-11-07 赵洁 Agricultural production method in stereoscopic mode, and building
CN102839833A (en) * 2012-09-12 2012-12-26 杭州翔海生态渔业科技有限公司 Floored stereoscopic ecological greenhouse adopting circulating water for planting and raising
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CN1053526A (en) * 1990-01-20 1991-08-07 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Fish (shrimp) symbiotic fish (shrimp)-vegetable system
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CN101235678A (en) * 2007-01-18 2008-08-06 吴庆元 Multiple stereo utilization method for land
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106259038A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-04 尹小军 A kind of agricultural cultivation facility
CN111789067A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-20 安徽盛渔农业科技有限公司 Multi-organism symbiotic culture system

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