CN202035335U - Thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse - Google Patents

Thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202035335U
CN202035335U CN201120115222XU CN201120115222U CN202035335U CN 202035335 U CN202035335 U CN 202035335U CN 201120115222X U CN201120115222X U CN 201120115222XU CN 201120115222 U CN201120115222 U CN 201120115222U CN 202035335 U CN202035335 U CN 202035335U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
thermal
storage
energy
main
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201120115222XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕铁彪
孙宏伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JILIN HONGHE ENERGY-SAVING ENGINEERING CO LTD
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JILIN HONGHE ENERGY-SAVING ENGINEERING CO LTD
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Filing date
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Application filed by JILIN HONGHE ENERGY-SAVING ENGINEERING CO LTD filed Critical JILIN HONGHE ENERGY-SAVING ENGINEERING CO LTD
Priority to CN201120115222XU priority Critical patent/CN202035335U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202035335U publication Critical patent/CN202035335U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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Abstract

A thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse belongs to the field of agriculture. The utility model aims to provide a thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse with mutual thermal storage. A main green house and an auxiliary greenhouse are separated by a partition provided with vent holes, the top end of the partition is connected with a main foundation through a longitudinal pull rod including an inner layer and an outer layer, a thermal insulation layer is arranged between the inner layer and the outer layer so as to form the main greenhouse, a film reel is mounted on the longitudinal pull rod, and the top end of the partition is connected with an auxiliary foundation through a pull rod so as to form the auxiliary greenhouse without doors. The thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse integrates advantages of solar greenhouse and a solar plastic-covered tunnel, lands are fully utilized while fruits and vegetables can grow normally in winter at high-cold regions, and the thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse is novel in a composite structure.

Description

The compound greenhouse by solar heat of heat-conserving energy-saving multi
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agriculture field.
Background technology
Greenhouse by solar heat and sunlight plastic tunnel are two kinds of key facilities of present agricultural production.Greenhouse by solar heat has back wall, and the thermal isolation and heat storage ability is higher than the sunlight plastic tunnel, can carry out winter vegetable production, but because the shading of back wall is arranged, the effect of being in the light will have bigger spacing between two greenhouses.Wasted land area.Though sunlight plastic tunnel land utilization rate is higher than sun glasshouse, can not produce winter, and the production that can only make fruits and vegetables is than shifting to an earlier date normal season or delaying, and availability is low.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides the compound greenhouse by solar heat of heat-conserving energy-saving multi of a kind of pair of mutual accumulation of heat in greenhouse.
Separate by interlayer between main greenhouse of the present utility model and the secondary greenhouse, air vent is arranged on the interlayer;
Be connected by longitudinal tie between interlayer top and main basis, longitudinal tie is divided into internal layer and skin, internal layer and outside interlayer heat-insulation layer is arranged, form main greenhouse, film-coiling device is installed on longitudinal tie;
Be connected by pull bar between interlayer top and secondary basis, form secondary greenhouse, secondary greenhouse is provided with door.
The utility model promptly makes full use of the soil and can make fruits and vegetables in high and cold area ordinary production in winter again in conjunction with the advantage of sun glasshouse and sunlight plastic tunnel, is a kind of novel composite construction greenhouse by solar heat.
The utility model advantage is:
1, adds the thermal resistance that hut that the back has a heat-insulating property can increase wall behind the greenhouse, reduce the heat conductivility of back wall, help greenhouse heat-insulating, heat.
2, greenhouse and back surface green house when producing simultaneously in front when the temperature on preceding surface green house daytime is too high, can heat by the cross-ventilation mode the greenhouse of back, and the heating of the cooling of surface green house and back surface green house before realizing helps the raising of solar thermal utilization rate.
3, improve the load-carrying properties in greenhouse, the support of the steelframe in little greenhouse, back has strengthened the bearing load of back wall, thereby strengthens the bearing capacity in whole greenhouse.
4, by surface green house before the surface green house turnover of back, because the buffering of back surface green house reduces the infiltration of cold wind to preceding surface green house, the heat-insulating property of surface green house before strengthening.
5, improve land utilization rate, behind the little greenhouse of additional back, back surface green house can carry out anti-season production, and land utilization rate is improved, and increases the efficient of land area of one unit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Embodiment
By interlayer 7 separately, air vent 6 is arranged on the interlayer 7 between main greenhouse 2 of the present utility model and the secondary greenhouse 9;
1 on interlayer 7 tops and main basis are connected by longitudinal tie 3, and longitudinal tie 3 is divided into internal layer and skin, internal layer with outside interlayer heat-insulation layer 4 is arranged, form main greenhouse 2, film-coiling device 5 is installed on longitudinal tie 3;
11 on interlayer 7 tops and secondary basis are connected by pull bar 10, form secondary greenhouse 9, and secondary greenhouse 9 is provided with 8.
The utility model adds one and has the small-sized greenhouse of heat insulation function at the greenhouse by solar heat back side, the greenhouse gable of back is left, crossed the threshold, and enters the front main temperature with alleviation cold wind in winter.In front and have on the wall between the greenhouse of back upper and lower two row air vents, so that the exchange heat between the greenhouse of front and back, be front greenhouse cooling and back greenhouse temperature increasing, the back surface green house can carry out the production of low temperature dish in the winter time, play the effect of insulation again, scribble phase change heat storage material on the back wall in greenhouse in front, efficiently regulate greenhouse heat balance round the clock.This kind structure can rationally be adjusted pattern of farming according to the habit of growth of crop, and it is low that this greenhouse has cost, makes full use of land area, and the greenhouse is easy to adjust, and is efficient.The thermal isolation and heat storage ability is strong, and mechanical structure is reasonable, can more effective opposing wind and snow load-carrying ability.
(1) connects an additional small-sized greenhouse in the greenhouse by solar heat back with defencive function; drive into, go out or workplace on the small-sized greenhouse gable; avoid cold wind directly to enter the main greenhouse of front ordinary production in winter, form thicker air adiabatic layer simultaneously, strengthened the heat-insulating property of front.
(2) at first powerful surface, greenhouse scribbles phase change heat storage material, utilizes the efficient hot property of phase change heat storage material, regulates the heat balance round the clock in greenhouse.
(3) on the body of wall in greenhouse, open upper and lower two row's air vents, make the greenhouse, front and back carry out the changes in temperature exchange by air vent, be front greenhouse cooling and back greenhouse temperature increasing.
(4) the skeleton structure material in greenhouse adopts a cold moudling of shaped steel, and carries out surface treatment, and the light transmittance in greenhouse is strengthened.
(5) the main body greenhouse adopts double-deck inner membrance or carries out double-layer heat insulation, and this greenhouse can normally be used at northern high and cold area winter.

Claims (1)

1. the compound greenhouse by solar heat of heat-conserving energy-saving multi is characterized in that: separate by interlayer between main greenhouse and the secondary greenhouse, through hole is arranged on the interlayer;
Be connected by longitudinal tie between interlayer top and main basis, longitudinal tie is divided into internal layer and skin, internal layer and outside interlayer heat-insulation layer is arranged, form main greenhouse, film-coiling device is installed on longitudinal tie;
Be connected by pull bar between interlayer top and secondary basis, form secondary greenhouse, secondary greenhouse is provided with door.
CN201120115222XU 2011-04-19 2011-04-19 Thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN202035335U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120115222XU CN202035335U (en) 2011-04-19 2011-04-19 Thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120115222XU CN202035335U (en) 2011-04-19 2011-04-19 Thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202035335U true CN202035335U (en) 2011-11-16

Family

ID=44962814

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201120115222XU Expired - Fee Related CN202035335U (en) 2011-04-19 2011-04-19 Thermal-storage and energy-saving composite greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202035335U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102657045A (en) * 2012-05-11 2012-09-12 沈阳农业大学 Tissue culture and seedling raising integration energy-saving sunlight conjoined greenhouse
CN103798080A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-21 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Southern-northern solar greenhouse for energy collection and thermal storage

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102657045A (en) * 2012-05-11 2012-09-12 沈阳农业大学 Tissue culture and seedling raising integration energy-saving sunlight conjoined greenhouse
CN103798080A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-21 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Southern-northern solar greenhouse for energy collection and thermal storage
CN103798080B (en) * 2014-01-27 2015-09-23 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 A kind of two-way greenhouse by solar heat in north and south of energy collecting accumulation of heat

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111116

Termination date: 20120419