CN107412557A - 一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物及制备方法 - Google Patents

一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物及制备方法 Download PDF

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CN107412557A
CN107412557A CN201710336601.3A CN201710336601A CN107412557A CN 107412557 A CN107412557 A CN 107412557A CN 201710336601 A CN201710336601 A CN 201710336601A CN 107412557 A CN107412557 A CN 107412557A
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罗兴兰
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Abstract

本发明属于中药制剂领域,目的是根据中医对肾虚和腰膝酸软的认识机理而提供的一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下:人参120g、枸杞子120g、车前230g、墨旱莲280g、骨碎补170g、黄芪260g、黄精120g、当归140g、菟丝子200g、金樱子140g、列当140g、覆盆子115g、熟地黄280g、巴戟天140g、蛇床子120g、制首乌170g、黑芝麻120g、淫羊藿95g、肉苁蓉120g、生牡蛎280g、雄蚕蛾50g、肉桂70g、五味子50g、丹参120g;本发明提供的药物是一个标本兼治的中药组方。

Description

一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物及制备方法
技术领域
本发明属于中药制剂领域,具体涉及一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,特别是供肾虚、腰膝酸软患者使用的中药组合物及制备方法的领域。
背景技术
祖国医学认为:肾虚指肾脏精气阴阳不足。肾虚的种类有很多,其中最常见的是肾阴虚,肾阳虚。 肾虚的症状:肾阳虚的症状为腰酸、四肢发冷、畏寒,甚至还有水肿和为“寒”的症状,性功能不好也会导致肾阳虚;肾阴虚的症状为“热”,主要有腰酸、燥热、盗汗、虚汗、头晕、耳鸣等。现代科学证明,当人发生肾虚时,无论肾阴虚还是肾阳虚,都会导致人的免疫能力的降低,有更多的证据表明,肾虚发生时,肾脏的免疫能力降低,而肾脏的微循环系统亦会发生阻塞,肾络呈现不通。所以对于肾虚的治疗应防治结合。
腰膝酸软,意思是自觉腰部与膝部酸软无力的表现。治疗方法有:A、可以将盐水裹着帕子在关节处掩上;B、用药酒把酸软的地方推,揉。
现在治疗疾病的药品可以分为中药和西药两种。传统使用的植物、动物、矿物药及其成药称中药;有机化学药品、无机化学药品和生物制品称西药。
那么,就如何找到一种可有效治疗上述肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,是本领域技术人员亟待要解决的课题。
发明内容
随着我国中医中药学的不断发展,在治疗肾虚、腰膝酸软上,人们逐渐意识到了中医治疗肾虚、腰膝酸软的优点,且在治疗过程中疗效好、见效快、毒副作用小等优势,针对现有西医治疗肾虚、腰膝酸软的现状,本发明的目的是在于提供一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,以解决肾虚、腰膝酸软患者早日恢复健康的问题。该药物是以常见的中药为原料,通过选择合理的药物及质量份比,可有效治疗上述肾虚和腰膝酸软。
为达到上述发明的目的,本发明所采用的技术方案为:提供一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物及制备方法,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
人参30~160g、枸杞子30~160g、车前150~300g、墨旱莲100~350g、骨碎补100~220g、黄芪150~320g、黄精100~160g、当归80~180g、菟丝子150~260g、金樱子80~180g、列当100~180g、覆盆子50~150g、熟地黄100~350g、巴戟天60~180g、蛇床子50~160g、制首乌100~220g、黑芝麻100~160g、淫羊藿30~120g、肉苁蓉100~160g、生牡蛎150~350g、雄蚕蛾18~60g、肉桂30~90g、五味子30~70g、丹参80~160g。
一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物及制备方法,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
人参40~140g、枸杞子40~140g、车前170~260g、墨旱莲115~310g、骨碎补115~200g、黄芪170~280g、黄精115~140g、当归90~160g、菟丝子170~220g、金樱子90~160g、列当115~160g、覆盆子60~130g、熟地黄115~310g、巴戟天70~160g、蛇床子60~140g、制首乌115~200g、黑芝麻115~140g、淫羊藿40~105g、肉苁蓉115~140g、生牡蛎170~310g、雄蚕蛾20~55g、肉桂40~80g、五味子40~60g、丹参90~140g。
一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物及制备方法,其特征在于,所述“最佳方案”的中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
人参120g、枸杞子120g、车前230g、墨旱莲280g、骨碎补170g、黄芪260g、黄精120g、当归140g、菟丝子200g、金樱子140g、列当140g、覆盆子115g、熟地黄280g、巴戟天140g、蛇床子120g、制首乌170g、黑芝麻120g、淫羊藿95g、肉苁蓉120g、生牡蛎280g、雄蚕蛾50g、肉桂70g、五味子50g、丹参120g。
一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物及制备方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤制备而成:
A、将上述原料中药拣去杂质、粉尘及干燥后,按照质量份比共研为极细末待用;
B、按照传统制备中药胶囊剂的方法,将研磨好的极细末药物过筛后,放入药器中混合均匀,然后制备成胶囊剂(其胶囊锁合后的总长度为23.3mm,药粉容量0.4~0.5g/粒),进而分装密封即可。
一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物及制备方法,其特征在于,所述服用方法为:将制备好的胶囊剂药物以每日三次服用,早中晚各服一次,给药量2g/次,温开水冲服。30天为一个疗程,服药1~2 个疗程,症状逐渐减轻或痊愈。
本发明组方中的各原料中药在中国药典、中国辞典以及中华本草中均有详细的记载。本发明选用其中最常见的中药为原料,充分发挥各组分的药理功效:
人参,性味:甘微苦、温,具有大补元气、固脱生津、安神之功效,用于治疗劳伤虚损、食少、倦怠、反胃吐食、大便滑泄、虚咳喘促、自汗暴脱、惊悸、健忘、眩晕头痛、阳痿、尿频、消渴、妇女崩漏、小儿慢惊、及久虚不复、一切气血津液不足等症;
枸杞子,性味:味甘、性平,具有养肝、滋肾、润肺之功效,用于治疗肝肾亏虚、头晕目眩、目视一清、腰膝酸软、阳痿贵精、虚劳咳嗽、消渴引饮;
车前,性味:甘、寒,具有利水、清热、明目、祛痰之功效,用于治疗小便不通、淋浊、带下、尿血、黄疸、水肿、热肉、泄泻、鼻衄、目赤肿痛、喉痹乳蛾、咳嗽、皮肤溃疡;
墨旱莲,性味:味甘、酸、性凉,具有补益肝肾、凉血止血之功效,用于治疗肝肾不足、头晕目眩、须发早白、吐血、咯血、衄血、便血、血痢、崩、漏、外伤出血;
骨碎补,性味:苦、性温,具有补肾强骨、活血止痛之功效,用于治疗肾虚腰痛、足膝痿弱、耳聋、牙痛、久泄、遗尿、跌打骨折及斑秃;
黄芪,性味:甘、微温,具有补气固表、利尿托毒、排脓、敛疮生肌之功效,用于治疗气虚乏力、食少便溏、中气下陷、久泻脱肛、便血崩漏、表虚自汗、气虚水肿、痈疽难溃、久溃不敛、血虚痿黄、内热消渴、慢性肾炎蛋白尿、糖尿病;
黄精,性味:甘、平,具有养阴润肺、补脾益气、滋肾填精之功效,用于治疗阴虚劳嗽、肺燥咳嗽、脾虚乏力、食少口干、消渴、肾亏腰膝酸软、阳痿遗精、耳鸣目暗、须发早白、体虚赢瘦、风癞癣疾等症;
当归,性味:性温、味甘辛,具有补血和血、调经止痛、润燥滑肠之功效,用于治疗血虚、面色萎黄、眩晕心悸、血虚、或兼有瘀滞的月经不调、经闭、痛经、虚寒性腹痛、冠心病心绞痛、风湿痹痛、跌打损伤;
菟丝子,性味:辛甘、平,具有补肾益精、养肝明目、固胎止泄之功效,用于治疗腰膝酸痛、遗精、阳痿、早泄、不育、消渴、淋浊、遗尿、目昏耳鸣、胎动不安、流产、泄泻等症;
金樱子,性味:酸涩、平、无毒,具有固精、缩尿、涩肠、止带之功效,用于治疗滑精、遗尿、尿频、久泻、久痢、白浊、白带、崩漏、脱肛、子宫下垂;
列当,性味:甘、温,具有补肾助阳、强筋骨之功效,用于治疗性神经衰弱、腰腿酸软,外用治小儿腹泻、肠炎、痢疾;
覆盆子,性味:甘酸、平,无毒,具有补肝益肾、固精缩尿、明目之功效,用于治疗阳痿早泄、遗精滑精、宫冷不孕、带下清稀、尿频遗溺、目昏暗、须发早白;
熟地黄,性味:味甘、性温,具有补血滋润、益精填髓之功效,用于治疗血虎萎黄、眩晕心悸、月经不调、崩不止、肝肾阴亏、潮热盗汗、遗精阳痿、不育不孕、腰膝酸软、耳鸣耳聋、头目昏花、须发早白、消渴、便秘、肾虚喘促;
巴戟天,性味:辛甘、温,具有补肾助阳、强筋壮骨、祛风除湿之功效,用于治疗肾虚阳痿、遗精早泄、少腹冷痛、小便不禁、宫冷不孕、风寒湿痹、腰膝酸软、风湿肢气;
蛇床子,性味:辛苦、温,具有温肾助阳、祛风、燥湿、杀虫之功效,用于治疗男子阳痿、阴囊湿痒、女子带下阴痒、子宫寒冷不孕、风湿痹痛、疥癣湿疮;
制首乌,性味:苦、甘、涩、性微温,具有养血滋阴、润肠通便、截疟、祛风、解毒之功效,用于治疗血虚头昏目眩、心悸、失眠、肝肾阴虚之腰膝酸软、须发早白、耳鸣、遗精、肠燥便秘、久疟体虚、风疹瘙痒、疮痈、瘰疬、痔疮等症;
黑芝麻,性味:味甘、性平,具有补益肝肾、养血益精、润肠通便之功效,用于治疗肝肾不足所致的头晕耳鸣、腰脚痿软、须发早发、肌肤干燥、肠燥便秘、妇人乳少、痈疮湿疹、风癞疬疡、小儿瘰疬、汤火伤、痔疮等症;
淫羊藿,性味:味辛、甘、性温,具有补肾壮阳、祛风除湿、强筋键骨之功效,用于治疗阳痿遗精、虚冷不育、尿频失楚、肾虚喘咳、腰膝酸软、风湿痹痛、半身不遂、四肢不仁;
肉苁蓉,性味:味甘、咸、性温,具有补肾阳、益精血、润肠道之功效,用于治疗肾阳虚衰、精血不足之阳痿、遗精、白浊、尿频余沥、腰痛脚弱、耳鸣目花、月经衍期、宫寒不孕、肠燥便秘;
生牡蛎,性味:味咸、性微寒,具有平肝潜阳、重镇安神、软坚散结、收敛固涩之功效,用于治疗眩晕耳鸣、惊悸失眠、瘰疬瘿瘤、癥瘕痞块、自汗盗汗、遗精、崩漏、带下等症;
雄蚕蛾,性味:性咸、温,具有补肾壮阳、涩精、止血、解毒消肿之功效,用于治疗阳痿、遗精、白浊、血淋、金疮出血、咽喉肿痛、口舌生疮、痈肿疮毒、冻疮、蛇伤等症;
肉桂,性味:辛、甘、热,具有补火助阳、引火归源、散寒止痛、温经通脉之功效,用于治疗肾阳不足、命门火畏寒肢冷、腰膝酸软、阳痿遗精、小便不利或频数、短气喘促、浮肿尿少诸证、命门 火衰、火不归源、戴阳、格阳、及上热下寒、面赤足冷、头晕耳鸣、口舌糜破、脾肾虚寒、脘腹冷痛、食减便溏、肾虚腰痛、寒湿痹痛、寒疝疼痛、宫冷不孕、痛经经闭、产后瘀滞腹痛、阴疽流注、或虚寒痈疡脓成不溃、或溃后不敛;
五味子,性味:酸、甘、温,具有收敛固涩、益气生津、补肾宁心之功效,用于治疗久泻不止、久咳虚喘、心悸、失眠、多梦、自汗、盗汗、津伤口渴、消渴、遗精、滑精;
丹参,性味:味苦、性微寒,具有活血祛瘀、调经止痛、养血安神、凉血消痈之功效,用于治疗妇女月经不调、痛经、经闭、产后瘀滞腹痛、心腹疼痛、症瘕积聚、热痹肿痛、跌打损伤、热入营血、烦躁不安、心烦失眠、痈疮肿毒等症。
本发明药物是基于中医治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的原则,从依据肾虚和腰膝酸软的病理机制及药理作用认为:就肾虚和腰膝酸软,本发明所提供的药物中的各原料中药药效共奏,对上述疾病有很好的治疗效果。
具体实施方式
本发明就是针对上述肾虚和腰膝酸软的治疗而提出的一种中药配方,采用该配方制备的药物药效好,见效快,是一个标本兼治的中药组方,特别适合临床使用。下面结合本发明的具体实施方式作进一步详细的描述:
实施例1:
一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
人参120g、枸杞子120g、车前230g、墨旱莲280g、骨碎补170g、黄芪260g、黄精120g、当归140g、菟丝子200g、金樱子140g、列当140g、覆盆子115g、熟地黄280g、巴戟天140g、蛇床子120g、制首乌170g、黑芝麻120g、淫羊藿95g、肉苁蓉120g、生牡蛎280g、雄蚕蛾50g、肉桂70g、五味子50g、丹参120g。
实施例2:
一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
人参140g、枸杞子140g、车前260g、墨旱莲310g、骨碎补200g、黄芪280g、黄精140g、当归160g、菟丝子220g、金樱子160g、列当160g、覆盆子130g、熟地黄310g、巴戟天160g、蛇床子140g、制首乌200g、黑芝麻140g、淫羊藿105g、肉苁蓉140g、生牡蛎310g、雄蚕蛾55g、肉桂80g、五味子60g、丹参140g。
实施例3:
一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
人参160g、枸杞子160g、车前300g、墨旱莲350g、骨碎补220g、黄芪320g、黄精160g、当归180g、菟丝子260g、金樱子180g、列当180g、覆盆子150g、熟地黄350g、巴戟天180g、蛇床子160g、制首乌220g、黑芝麻160g、淫羊藿120g、肉苁蓉160g、生牡蛎350g、雄蚕蛾60g、肉桂90g、五味子70g、丹参160g。
典型病例
经临床诊断治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软患者共670例,年龄为49岁以上的400例,只有270例为49岁以下。670例患者中痊愈的530例,有效的140例,总有效率达100%。

Claims (3)

1.一种用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
人参30~160g、枸杞子30~160g、车前150~300g、墨旱莲100~350g、骨碎补100~220g、黄芪150~320g、黄精100~160g、当归80~180g、菟丝子150~260g、金樱子80~180g、列当100~180g、覆盆子50~150g、熟地黄100~350g、巴戟天60~180g、蛇床子50~160g、制首乌100~220g、黑芝麻100~160g、淫羊藿30~120g、肉苁蓉100~160g、生牡蛎150~350g、雄蚕蛾18~60g、肉桂30~90g、五味子30~70g、丹参80~160g。
2.根据权利要求1所述的用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
人参40~140g、枸杞子40~140g、车前170~260g、墨旱莲115~310g、骨碎补115~200g、黄芪170~280g、黄精115~140g、当归90~160g、菟丝子170~220g、金樱子90~160g、列当115~160g、覆盆子60~130g、熟地黄115~310g、巴戟天70~160g、蛇床子60~140g、制首乌115~200g、黑芝麻115~140g、淫羊藿40~105g、肉苁蓉115~140g、生牡蛎170~310g、雄蚕蛾20~55g、肉桂40~80g、五味子40~60g、丹参90~140g。
3.根据权利要求1至2所述的用于治疗肾虚和腰膝酸软的中药组合物,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
人参120g、枸杞子120g、车前230g、墨旱莲280g、骨碎补170g、黄芪260g、黄精120g、当归140g、菟丝子200g、金樱子140g、列当140g、覆盆子115g、熟地黄280g、巴戟天140g、蛇床子120g、制首乌170g、黑芝麻120g、淫羊藿95g、肉苁蓉120g、生牡蛎280g、雄蚕蛾50g、肉桂70g、五味子50g、丹参120g。
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109821003A (zh) * 2019-04-19 2019-05-31 钟晖 一种脾肾双补丸及其制备方法
CN112515030A (zh) * 2020-12-29 2021-03-19 厦门国福康食品有限公司 一种提高男性功能的糖果及其制备方法

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109821003A (zh) * 2019-04-19 2019-05-31 钟晖 一种脾肾双补丸及其制备方法
CN112515030A (zh) * 2020-12-29 2021-03-19 厦门国福康食品有限公司 一种提高男性功能的糖果及其制备方法

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