CN107312614A - A kind of physics refinement method of tea-seed oil - Google Patents

A kind of physics refinement method of tea-seed oil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107312614A
CN107312614A CN201710538219.0A CN201710538219A CN107312614A CN 107312614 A CN107312614 A CN 107312614A CN 201710538219 A CN201710538219 A CN 201710538219A CN 107312614 A CN107312614 A CN 107312614A
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Prior art keywords
tea
oil
drying
seed
kernel
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CN201710538219.0A
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CN107312614B (en
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姜有平
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Anhui Kanglong Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Anhui Kanglong Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B1/00Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials
    • C11B1/02Pretreatment
    • C11B1/04Pretreatment of vegetable raw material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23DEDIBLE OILS OR FATS, e.g. MARGARINES, SHORTENINGS, COOKING OILS
    • A23D9/00Other edible oils or fats, e.g. shortenings, cooking oils
    • A23D9/02Other edible oils or fats, e.g. shortenings, cooking oils characterised by the production or working-up
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23DEDIBLE OILS OR FATS, e.g. MARGARINES, SHORTENINGS, COOKING OILS
    • A23D9/00Other edible oils or fats, e.g. shortenings, cooking oils
    • A23D9/02Other edible oils or fats, e.g. shortenings, cooking oils characterised by the production or working-up
    • A23D9/04Working-up
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B1/00Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials
    • C11B1/06Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials by pressing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B3/00Refining fats or fatty oils
    • C11B3/008Refining fats or fatty oils by filtration, e.g. including ultra filtration, dialysis

Abstract

The present invention is a kind of refinement method of tea-seed oil, and the refinement method comprises the following steps:(1)Harvesting:78 days artificial harvesting tea fruits after 34 days and Frost's Descent solar term before annual Frost's Descent solar term;(2)Storage:The tea fruit picked is placed on into interior to macerate 37 days;(3)Dry(4)Dedusting is dried(5)Separation of hull from kernel(6)Crush tea seed kernel(7)Squeezing:Tea seed kernel after crushing is put into cold pressing machine and carries out squeezing out crude oil and oil cake, pressing temperature is 30 55 DEG C;(8)Oil cake twice pressing:The oil cake that extrusion is squeezed by cold pressing machine is conveyed to vertical type squeezer progress twice pressing fuel-displaced;(9)Filtering:Cold pressing machine is squeezed out to the crude oil come and the oil gone out by vertical type squeezer twice pressing obtains tea-seed oil finished product by filter.Squeezed twice present invention employs cold pressing machine and vertical type squeezer, improve the oil yield of product, improve business efficiency, be adapted to the production and processing needs of medium-sized and small enterprises.

Description

A kind of physics refinement method of tea-seed oil
Technical field
The invention belongs to tea-seed oil processing technique field, a kind of physics refinement method of tea-seed oil is particularly related to.
Background technology
Tea oil color clear flavor incense, oleic acid content is high, is easily digested and assimilated for human body, and the beneficial health of edible camellia oil, in addition The prolonged resistance to Tibetan of tea oil, is difficult to become sour, therefore the deposit material for being again, therefore, tea oil occupy critical role in edible, in work The many-sides such as industry, medicine, beauty have multiple use.The preparation method of current tea-seed oil is a lot, there is extraction, supercritical carbon dioxide The techniques such as purification, but most of these techniques exist refine that cost is high, equipment is expensive, infusion of financial resources is more and oil yield lowly Defect, is difficult the input for bearing so great number for some small enterprises.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of physics refinement method of tea-seed oil, this method uses physics Refinement method, and equipment cost is low, and workable, oil tea by squeezing twice, and oil yield is higher.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
The present invention is a kind of refinement method of tea-seed oil, and the refinement method comprises the following steps:
(1)Harvesting:Before the annual Frost's Descent solar term tea fruit is manually plucked after 3-4 days and Frost's Descent solar term within 7-8 days;
(2)Storage:The tea fruit picked is placed on into interior to macerate 3-7 days;
(3)Dry:It is exposed to the sun under the sun 1-3 days, the place of drying divulges information 1-2 days indoors when stirring 5-8 times daily or be cloudy, each Hour is stirred once;
(4)Dedusting is dried:The tea fruit dried is entered in drying unit and dried by dust arrester, conveying device;
(5)Separation of hull from kernel:By step(4)Tea fruit be put into hulling device and carry out separation of hull from kernel;
(6)Crush tea seed kernel:The tea seed kernel separated is put into reducing mechanism and crushed;
(7)Squeezing:Tea seed kernel after crushing is put into cold pressing machine and carries out squeezing out crude oil and oil cake, pressing temperature is 30-55℃;
(8)Oil cake twice pressing:The oil cake that extrusion is squeezed by cold pressing machine is conveyed to by oil cake discharge pipe vertical It is fuel-displaced that squeezer carries out twice pressing;
(9)Filtering:Cold pressing machine is squeezed out to the crude oil come and the oil gone out by vertical type squeezer twice pressing by mistake Filter device carries out multi-filtering and obtains tea-seed oil finished product;
Wherein:Conveying device includes lifting conveyer belt, and baffle plate is additionally provided with the left and right sides of lifting conveyer belt;
Dust arrester includes being arranged on the hanger bracket being obliquely installed above lifting conveyer belt, sets number to remove in the lower section of hanger bracket Dirt blower fan, is provided with below lifting conveyer belt and connects dirt case;
Drying unit includes the feed hopper for being arranged on lifting conveyer belt side, and Drying is provided with below feed hopper, is drying Electrical heating belt is provided with the outside of dry cylinder, the second conveyer belt of conveying camellia oleifera fruit is internally provided with Drying, in Drying Top be provided with several cylinders, the lower section of cylinder is provided with pressing plate by slide bar;
Hulling device is included by motor-driven shelling rotating cylinder, is provided with food-grade stainless steel steel ball in shelling rotating cylinder, dries Cylinder is connected with shelling rotating cylinder by the slide plate that discharges, and discharging slideway is provided with below shelling rotating cylinder, is inserted in discharging slideway The screen cloth of filtering tea seed kernel is provided with, chute is tiltedly installed with the upper side of screen cloth, is collected in the lower section of chute for shell Bucket, is provided with extruding cylinder in the top opposite side of screen cloth and drives scraping wings;
Reducing mechanism includes crush box, and motor is provided with crush box and drives the crushing knife tool group rotated, crush box Lower section is cold pressing machine;
Filter includes filter box, and cold pressing machine oil outlet is connected with filter box.
The oil cake unloading position of cold pressing machine is provided with oil cake discharge pipe, passed through in the side of oil cake discharge pipe Discharge pipe connects vertical type squeezer, and the oil that vertical type squeezer is squeezed out is by sending oil-piping to be connected with filter box upper end.
Further improvement of the present invention is:Several arc-shaped impact heads are set below pressing plate, on Drying, slide bar The place passed through is provided with sealing ring.
Further improvement of the present invention is:Pipeline is provided between crush box and discharging slideway, in the side of pipeline Screen cloth is provided with, the opposite side of pipeline is provided with hair-dryer.
Further improvement of the present invention is:Filter opening is from top to bottom disposed with filter box for 80 mesh, 100 Mesh, the filter screen of 200 mesh carry out multi-filtering, and oil strain ply of paper is additionally provided with below 200 mesh filter screens.
Further improvement of the present invention is:Heat-insulation layer is provided with the outside of the electrical heating belt.
Further improvement of the present invention is:It is inserted with and is driven by stirring motor above oil cake discharge pipe The agitating plate of rotation, several symmetrically arranged stirring rod are provided with agitating plate, are additionally provided with one end of vertical type squeezer Dregs of fat collecting vessel.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention is dried and two kinds of combinations of heating, drying using natural environment, is improved Drying rate, and dust removal process has just been carried out before drying, the quality of product is improved, pressing plate is utilized while drying Extrusion cracking is carried out to the shell of camellia oleifera fruit, then again by the steel ball friction and Extrusion in rotating cylinder that shells so that shell separation, single Only collection shell and kernel, to kernel crush the product oil of squeezing, and employ cold pressing machine and vertical squeezing Machine is squeezed twice, improves the oil yield of product, improves business efficiency, and tea-seed oil prepared by the present invention is long-range without chemical composition Addition, and making apparatus is simple, with low cost, is adapted to the production and processing needs of medium-sized and small enterprises, and extractive process is realized Automation mechanized operation, reduces artificial input.
Present invention novelty simple in construction, reasonable in design, it is easy to operate, using the method for cold pressing one-level multiple filtration, Improve the yield of tea seed.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, the present invention is done below in conjunction with drawings and examples and further retouched in detail State, the embodiment is only used for explaining the present invention, protection scope of the present invention is not constituted and limited.
As shown in figure 1, the present invention is a kind of refinement method of tea-seed oil, the refinement method comprises the following steps:
(1)Harvesting:Manually pluck within 7-8 days tea fruit before annual Frost's Descent solar term after 3-4 days and Frost's Descent solar term, Frost's Descent solar term it is front and rear into Ripe tea fruit can guarantee that oil yield highest;
(2)Storage:The tea fruit picked is placed on into interior to macerate 3-7 days, it is preferred that by the tea fruit picked be placed in macerate 5 My god, tea fruit is played after ripening, increase oil, improve oil yield;
(3)Dry:It is exposed to the sun under the sun 1-3 days, the place of drying divulges information 1-2 days indoors when stirring 5-8 times daily or be cloudy, each Hour is stirred once, it is ensured that dries uniformly, and avoids tea fruit mouldy, is exposed to the sun using the sun or shady place ventilation drying, maximum The later stage that reduces of degree needs the input of the resources such as electric energy spent by drying plant;
(4)Dedusting is dried:The tea fruit dried is entered in drying unit and dried by dust arrester, conveying device, Dust removal process is carried out to tea fruit before drying, the quality of tea fruit is farthest ensure that, dust pollution is reduced, it is ensured that treat powder Impurity level in pure tea fruit is minimum, reduces the program such as filtering after crushing;
(5)Separation of hull from kernel:By step(4)Tea fruit be put into hulling device and carry out separation of hull from kernel;
(6)Crush tea seed kernel:The tea seed kernel separated is put into reducing mechanism and crushed;
(7)Squeezing:Tea seed kernel after crushing is put into cold pressing machine and carries out squeezing out crude oil and oil cake, pressing temperature is 30-55 DEG C, squeezed using low pressure, it is to avoid tea oil composition is by high temperature;
(8)Oil cake twice pressing:The oil cake that extrusion is squeezed by cold pressing machine is conveyed to by oil cake discharge pipe vertical Squeezer progress twice pressing is fuel-displaced, and product is higher by squeezing oil yield twice, and by first before squeezing for second The oil cake of secondary extruding is squeezed again after breaing up, and improves oil yield;
(9)Filtering:Cold pressing machine is squeezed out to the crude oil come and the oil gone out by vertical type squeezer twice pressing by mistake Filter device carries out multi-filtering and obtains tea-seed oil finished product, fuel-displaced after squeezing twice to be filtered by filter;
Wherein:The conveying device includes lifting conveyer belt 1, and baffle plate is additionally provided with the left and right sides of the lifting conveyer belt 1 2, the impurity such as the dust on tea fruit surface are handled during lifting conveyer belt 1 is lifted, it is ensured that tea fruit splits after drying Quality after opening, the dust arrester includes the hanger bracket 3 being obliquely installed for being arranged on the top of lifting conveyer belt 1, described outstanding The lower section of hanger 3 sets number dedusting fan 4, it is preferred that the quantity of dedusting fan 4 is 3-5, against above lifting conveyer belt 1 Tea fruit blow, be easy to the dust on tea fruit drop to it is following connect in dirt case 5, it is described lifting conveyer belt 1 lower section be provided with Connect dirt case 5;The lower section that dirt case 5 directly lifts conveyer belt 1 to car is connect, effectively dust is collected, the drying unit includes The feed hopper 6 of lifting conveyer belt 1 side is arranged on, the lower section of the feed hopper 6 is provided with Drying 7, is dried described The outside of dry cylinder 7 is provided with electrical heating belt 8, and the outside of the electrical heating belt 8 is provided with heat-insulation layer 9, guarantor has both been served Temperature effect, moreover it is possible to avoid staff from scalding, the second conveyer belt 10 of conveying camellia oleifera fruit is internally provided with the Drying 7, Several cylinders 11 are provided with the top of the Drying 7, the lower section of the cylinder 11 is provided with pressing plate 13 by slide bar 12, The lower section of pressing plate 13 sets several arc-shaped impact heads 15, on the Drying 7, the place setting that the slide bar 12 is passed through Have sealing ring 14, by cylinder band dynamic pressure plate move downward, to camellia oleifera fruit carry out first time extruding, help shell split and Come off, then camellia oleifera fruit and the conveying of some shells are such as shelled in rotating cylinder 16 by the effect of the second conveyer belt 10, the shelling Device includes the shelling rotating cylinder 16 driven by motor 15, and food-grade stainless steel steel ball 17 is provided with the shelling rotating cylinder 16, The diameter of steel ball 17 is more than the diameter of kernel, and the Drying 7 is connected with the shelling rotating cylinder 16 by the slide plate 18 that discharges, in institute The lower section for stating shelling rotating cylinder 16 is provided with discharging slideway 19, and the sieve of filtering tea seed kernel is inserted with the discharging slideway 19 Mesh diameter on net 20, screen cloth 20 is more than the diameter of kernel, so facilitates the whereabouts of kernel, but is due to the rupture of shell, There can be the phenomenon that a part of shell is fallen by screen cloth 20, hair-dryer is added for this, the convenient shell by fritter is blown out, The upper side of the screen cloth 20 is tiltedly installed with chute 21, is shell collecting vessel 22 in the lower section of the chute 21, described The top opposite side of screen cloth 20 is provided with extruding cylinder 23 and drives scraping wings, is pushed into shell outside by extruding cylinder 23 It is collected in shell collecting vessel 22, the reducing mechanism includes crush box 24, in the crush box 24 and the discharging slideway 19 Between be provided with pipeline 25, the side of the pipeline 25 is provided with screen cloth 26, is provided with and blows in the opposite side of the pipeline 25 Blower fan 27, tiny impurity is blown out, and motor is provided with the crush box 24 and drives the crushing knife tool group 28 rotated, The lower section of the crush box 24 is cold pressing machine 29;Filter includes filter box 30, and the cold pressing machine 29 is fuel-displaced Hole is connected with filter box 30, and filter opening is from top to bottom disposed with the filter box 30 for 80 mesh, 100 mesh, 200 mesh Filter screen carry out multi-filtering, oil strain ply of paper 31 is additionally provided with below 200 mesh filter screens, in the oil of the cold pressing machine 29 Cake unloading position is provided with oil cake discharge pipe 32, connects vertical by discharge pipe 36 in the side of the oil cake discharge pipe 32 Formula squeezer 37, it is oily by sending oil-piping 38 to be connected with the upper end of filter box 30 that the vertical type squeezer 37 is squeezed out, It is inserted with the top of the oil cake discharge pipe 32 and the agitating plate 34 rotated is driven by stirring motor 33, is stirred described Mix and several symmetrically arranged stirring rod 35 are provided with plate 34, dregs of fat collection is additionally provided with one end of the vertical type squeezer 37 Bucket 39, tea seed kernel is added by improving the quality of product, the extractive process of tea-seed oil after crushing by multi-filtering without any Addition point, it is ensured that the natural performance of product, and refine with low cost, oil yield is high, is adapted to medium-sized and small enterprises production.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of physics refinement method of tea-seed oil, it is characterised in that:The refinement method comprises the following steps:
(1)Harvesting:Before the annual Frost's Descent solar term tea fruit is manually plucked after 3-4 days and Frost's Descent solar term within 7-8 days;
(2)Storage:The tea fruit picked is placed on into interior to macerate 3-7 days;
(3)Dry:It is exposed to the sun under the sun 1-3 days, the place of drying divulges information 1-2 days indoors when stirring 5-8 times daily or be cloudy, each Hour is stirred once;
(4)Dedusting is dried:The tea fruit dried is entered in drying unit and dried by dust arrester, conveying device;
(5)Separation of hull from kernel:By step(4)Tea fruit be put into hulling device and carry out separation of hull from kernel;
(6)Crush tea seed kernel:The tea seed kernel separated is put into reducing mechanism and crushed;
(7)Squeezing:Tea seed kernel after crushing is put into cold pressing machine and carries out squeezing out crude oil and oil cake, pressing temperature is 30-55℃;
(8)Oil cake twice pressing:The oil cake that extrusion is squeezed by cold pressing machine is conveyed to by oil cake discharge pipe vertical It is fuel-displaced that squeezer carries out twice pressing;
(9)Filtering:Cold pressing machine is squeezed out to the crude oil come and the oil gone out by vertical type squeezer twice pressing by mistake Filter device carries out multi-filtering and obtains tea-seed oil finished product;
Wherein:The conveying device includes lifting conveyer belt(1), in the lifting conveyer belt(1)The left and right sides be additionally provided with Baffle plate(2);
The dust arrester includes being arranged on lifting conveyer belt(1)The hanger bracket being obliquely installed of top(3), in the hanger bracket (3)Lower section set number dedusting fan(4), in the lifting conveyer belt(1)Lower section be provided with and connect dirt case(5);
The drying unit includes being arranged on the lifting conveyer belt(1)The feed hopper of side(6), in the feed hopper(6)'s Lower section is provided with Drying(7), in the Drying(7)Outside be provided with electrical heating belt(8), in the Drying(7) It is internally provided with the second conveyer belt of conveying camellia oleifera fruit(10), in the Drying(7)Top be provided with several cylinders(11), The cylinder(11)Lower section pass through slide bar(12)It is provided with pressing plate(13);
The hulling device is included by motor(15)The shelling rotating cylinder of driving(16), in the shelling rotating cylinder(16)Inside it is provided with food Grade stainless steel steel ball(17), the Drying(7)With the shelling rotating cylinder(16)Pass through the slide plate that discharges(18)Connection, described Shell rotating cylinder(16)Lower section be provided with discharging slideway(19), in the discharging slideway(19)Inside it is inserted with filtering tea seed kernel Screen cloth(20), in the screen cloth(20)Upper side be tiltedly installed with chute(21), in the chute(21)Lower section be Shell collecting vessel(22), in the screen cloth(20)Top opposite side be provided with extruding cylinder(23)Drive scraping wings;
The reducing mechanism includes crush box(24), in the crush box(24)Inside it is provided with motor and drives the crushing rotated Cutter group(28), the crush box(24)Lower section be cold pressing machine(29);
The filter includes filter box(30), the cold pressing machine(29)Oil outlet and filter box(30)Connection;
In the cold pressing machine(29)Oil cake unloading position be provided with oil cake discharge pipe(32), in the oil cake discharge nozzle Road(32)Side pass through discharge pipe(36)Connect vertical type squeezer(37), the vertical type squeezer(37)The oil squeezed out leads to Cross and send oil-piping(38)With the filter box(30)Upper end is connected.
2. the physics refinement method of a kind of tea-seed oil according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the pressing plate(13)Lower section Several arc-shaped impact heads are set(15), in the Drying(7)The upper, slide bar(12)The place passed through is provided with sealing ring (14).
3. the physics refinement method of a kind of tea-seed oil according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the crush box(24)With The discharging slideway(19)Between be provided with pipeline(25), in the pipeline(25)Side be provided with screen cloth(26), described Pipeline(25)Opposite side be provided with hair-dryer(27).
4. the physics refinement method of a kind of tea-seed oil according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the filter box(30) The filter screen that filter opening is inside from top to bottom disposed with for 80 mesh, 100 mesh, 200 mesh carries out multi-filtering, under 200 mesh filter screens Side is additionally provided with oil strain ply of paper(31).
5. the physics refinement method of a kind of tea-seed oil according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the electrical heating belt (8)Outside be provided with heat-insulation layer(9).
6. the physics refinement method of a kind of tea-seed oil according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the oil cake discharge pipe (32)Top be inserted with by stirring motor(33)Drive the agitating plate rotated(34), in the agitating plate(34)On set It is equipped with several symmetrically arranged stirring rod(35), in the vertical type squeezer(37)One end be additionally provided with dregs of fat collecting vessel (39).
CN201710538219.0A 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 Physical refining method of tea seed oil Active CN107312614B (en)

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CN109318522A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-12 宁夏吴忠市国海粮油有限公司 A kind of linseed press apparatus
CN109468165A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-15 福清老农民农产品贸易有限公司 A kind of Squeeze Production Line equipment step by step of camellia oil
CN110328883A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-10-15 衢州刚度智能科技有限公司 A kind of equipment of the extract oil from the tea seeds being deodorized after removing astringent taste
CN110404932A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-11-05 武新房 A kind of peanut oil ground-slag millstone
CN112552993A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-03-26 湘西倍益康农副产品开发有限公司 Preparation method of camellia oil
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CN109318522A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-12 宁夏吴忠市国海粮油有限公司 A kind of linseed press apparatus
CN109468165A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-15 福清老农民农产品贸易有限公司 A kind of Squeeze Production Line equipment step by step of camellia oil
CN110328883A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-10-15 衢州刚度智能科技有限公司 A kind of equipment of the extract oil from the tea seeds being deodorized after removing astringent taste
CN110404932A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-11-05 武新房 A kind of peanut oil ground-slag millstone
CN112552993A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-03-26 湘西倍益康农副产品开发有限公司 Preparation method of camellia oil
WO2023082138A1 (en) * 2021-11-11 2023-05-19 湖南大三湘茶油股份有限公司 Fully automatic apparatus for peeling, screening and cold pressing of camellia oleifera seeds
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