CN208540693U - A kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device - Google Patents

A kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208540693U
CN208540693U CN201820436435.4U CN201820436435U CN208540693U CN 208540693 U CN208540693 U CN 208540693U CN 201820436435 U CN201820436435 U CN 201820436435U CN 208540693 U CN208540693 U CN 208540693U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
peanut
roller
agricultural
roughing
sideline
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820436435.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨光碧
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Chongqing Wei Lun Agriculture And Forestry Development Co Ltd
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Chongqing Wei Lun Agriculture And Forestry Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201820436435.4U priority Critical patent/CN208540693U/en
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Publication of CN208540693U publication Critical patent/CN208540693U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device, including rack, rack is sequentially installed with shell-breaking mechanism, peeling mechanism and screening mechanism from top to bottom, it is equipped with mixing roller bearing close to level at feed inlet in the hopper of shell-breaking mechanism, at least two groups is equipped on the downside of mixing roller bearing and squeezes roller groups, remove the peel and roller is installed in the cabinet of mechanism, the screening pipe of screening mechanism is mounted on discharge bucket bottom end, the side for sieving pipe is connected to air blower, and the other side is connected to dirt collection pipe, and the lower part for sieving pipe is equipped with passage.The utility model structure is simple, easy to use, multiple functional, setting shell-breaking mechanism, peeling mechanism and screening mechanism, can carry out decladding, peeling, screening process to peanut, improves peanut peeling efficiency, reduces labour, improves production efficiency.

Description

A kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural and sideline product roughing field, in particular to a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing is removed the peel with peanut Separating screen device.
Background technique
Agricultural product roughing refers to the processing that agricultural product are not related to change in agricultural product in ingredient, i.e., to the various of harvest Agriculture new product carries out deseeding, purification, classifies, dries, peeling, macerating soft and other agriculture new products preliminary working activities.Peanut food With being partially peanut kernels, it is surrounded by kind of a skin outside peanut kernels, there are also shell, for convenience sale, storage, transports or deep outside kind skin Processing, peanut need to carry out decladding peeling processing, and traditional decladding is removed the peel to handle by hand, remove the peel not only low efficiency by hand but also defend It is raw to be difficult to reach standard, therefore common peanut device for peeling carries out peeling processing to peanut.
The device for peeling of the prior art has a single function, and does not have decladding function, needs first to carry out decladding processing to peanut, and Kernel is often destroyed, and integrity degree is not high, leads to quality decline.
Utility model content
Based on the above reasons, the purpose of this utility model is that: in view of the above deficiencies, can to peanut carry out decladding, go Skin, screening process improve kernel integrity degree, provide a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the utility model are as follows:
A kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing removes the peel separating screen device with peanut, including rack, rack are sequentially installed with from top to bottom Shell-breaking mechanism, peeling mechanism and screening mechanism.
The shell-breaking mechanism includes hopper, and level is equipped with mixing roller bearing, mixing roller bearing downside at close feed inlet in hopper Roller groups are squeezed equipped at least two groups, the extruding roller groups include two symmetrically arranged extruding roller bearings, squeeze roller bearing outer wall Axially it is circumferentially with lug boss, the discharge port and peeling mechanism connection of hopper.
The peeling mechanism includes cabinet, and roller is equipped in cabinet, rotary shaft is equipped in the middle part of roller, close to inner wall of rotary drum Place is equipped with the brush board of at least three strips, and brush board is equipped with elastomeric bristles, and rotary shaft is connected and fixed by connecting rod and brush board, The bottom of box is equipped with discharge bucket.
The screening mechanism includes screening pipe, and the screening pipe is mounted on discharge bucket bottom end, sieves the side connection drum of pipe Blower, the other side are connected to dirt collection pipe, and the lower part for sieving pipe is equipped with passage.
Further, it is additionally provided with Material collecting box for harvesting, Material collecting box for harvesting is arranged in the bottom end of passage, is equipped with sieve in Material collecting box for harvesting.
Further, volume damper is equipped at the air outlet of the air blower.
Further, the passage tilts down setting, and inclination angle is 30 °~60 °.
Further, the gap squeezed between roller bearing for squeezing roller groups is 2~4 centimetres.
Further, the extruding roller groups are 4 groups, and the extruding roller bearing diameter for squeezing roller groups from top to bottom successively subtracts Small, the gap for squeezing roller bearing is sequentially reduced.
Further, the cross section of the lug boss is semicircle, and the material of lug boss is elastic rubber.
As the above scheme is adopted, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: the utility model structure is simple, user Just, multiple functional, setting shell-breaking mechanism, peeling mechanism and screening mechanism can carry out decladding, peeling, screening process to peanut, Peanut is first subjected to skin breaking, screening mechanism is entered after being peeled off, being removed the peel by kernel and shell, kind skin separation, is improved Peanut removes the peel efficiency, reduces labour, improves production efficiency;It squeezes in the lug boss and roller of roller bearing for increasing contact friction Elastomeric bristles be all made of elastic rubber, to kernel damage it is small, improve kernel integrity degree, to improve product quality.It installs, tear open It unloads conveniently, convenient for safeguarding and cleaning.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is a kind of embodiment structure schematic diagram that the utility model squeezes roller bearing.
Appended drawing reference: 1- rack, 2- hopper, 21- feed inlet, 22- discharge port, 3- mixing roller bearing, 4- squeeze roller groups, 41- squeezes roller bearing, 42- lug boss, 5- cabinet, 51- discharge bucket, 6- roller, 61- rotary shaft, 62- connecting rod, 63- brush board, 64- Elastomeric bristles, 8- screening pipe, 81- air blower, 82- dirt collection pipe, 83- passage, 9- Material collecting box for harvesting, 91- sieve, 10- air quantity are adjusted Valve.
Specific embodiment
More detailed description is done to the embodiments of the present invention below in conjunction with attached drawing and appended drawing reference, makes to be familiar with ability The technology people in domain can implement accordingly after studying this specification carefully.
Embodiment: referring to attached drawing 1, attached drawing 2, a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device, including rack 1, the rack 1 is sequentially installed with shell-breaking mechanism, peeling mechanism and screening mechanism from top to bottom.
Specifically, the shell-breaking mechanism includes hopper 2, hopper 2 is loophole shape structure, in hopper 2 at close feed inlet 21 Level is equipped with mixing roller bearing 3, and the central axis of mixing roller bearing 3 is horizontally disposed, and mixing roller bearing 3 is rolled around central axis, for adjusting flower Raw charging rate and fed feed density simultaneously guide peanut to enter in hopper 2.It is equipped at least two groups on the downside of mixing roller bearing 3 and squeezes roller groups 4, roller groups 4 are squeezed for racking peanut shell in the form of mechanical presses, are convenient for subsequent peeling, preventing portion potted flower fruit shell It is firm can not broken shell cause remove the peel operation failure.The extruding roller groups 4 are horizontally disposed, and squeezing roller groups 4 includes two symmetrical The extruding roller bearing 41 of setting squeezes 41 outer wall of roller bearing and is axially circumferentially with the lug boss 42 for squeezing peanut, the discharging of hopper 2 Mouth 22 and peeling mechanism connection.
Preferably, the extruding roller groups 4 are 4 groups, and squeeze 41 diameter of extruding roller bearing of roller groups 4 successively from top to bottom Reduce, the gap for squeezing roller bearing 41 is sequentially reduced, so that it is broken to guarantee that the lesser peanut shell of particle can be also squeezed.Squeeze roller groups 4 setting be it is broken in order to squeeze shell, peanut kernels are squeezed broken together in order to prevent, it is described squeeze roller groups 4 extruding roller bearing Gap between 41 is 2~4 centimetres.41 minimum spacing of extruding roller bearing that lower side squeezes roller groups 4 is not less than 2 centimetres.
The cross section of lug boss 42 described in the present embodiment is semicircle, in order to avoid being damaged to kernel, lug boss 42 material is elastic rubber.
The peeling mechanism includes cabinet 5, roller 6 is equipped in cabinet 5, the roller 6 is horizontally disposed, and roller 6 can It is equipped with rotary shaft 61 in the middle part of center axis rotation, roller 6, the brush board 63 of at least three strips is equipped at 6 inner wall of roller, Brush board 63 is circumferential to be uniformly distributed, and brush board 63 is equipped with elastomeric bristles 64, and elastomeric bristles 64 are used to stir the flower at 6 inner wall of roller It is raw, stirring action is played, while the friction between peanut kernels can be increased, rotary shaft 61 is connected by connecting rod 62 and brush board 63 Fixation is connect, rotary shaft 61 is able to drive the rotation of brush board 63, and 5 bottom of cabinet is equipped with discharge bucket 51.
The screening mechanism includes screening pipe 8) the screening pipe 8 is mounted on 51 bottom end of discharge bucket, sieve the side company of pipe 8 Logical air blower 81, for air blower 81 for screening kernel, separating shell and kind skin, screening 8 other side of pipe is connected to dirt collection pipe 82, dirt collection Pipe 82 is equipped with passage 83 for collecting shell and kind skin, the lower part of screening pipe 8, and passage 83 is for exporting kernel.
Preferably, the passage 83 tilts down setting, and inclination angle is 30 °~60 °, facilitates export kernel, prevents from hanging down Straight caused splashing or broken of falling.
It is equipped with volume damper 10 at the air outlet of air blower 81 described in the present embodiment, is used for regulating air volume, from And air quantity is adjusted according to peanut varieties, size, shell, the kind skin direction of motion can be changed by reaching, but not influence kernel whereabouts Air quantity.
Material collecting box for harvesting 9 is additionally provided in the present embodiment, the bottom end of passage 83 is arranged in Material collecting box for harvesting 9, for collecting derived fruit Benevolence, sieve 91 is equipped in Material collecting box for harvesting 9, and sieve 91 is also used for for filtering the little particle shell being mingled in kernel, kind skin fragment The kernel of fragmentation is filtered, overall quality is promoted, avoids regrading bring trouble.
In use, peanut first to be poured into the feed inlet 21 of hopper 2, mixing roller bearing 3 is rolled, drive the at the uniform velocity even amount of peanut into Inside material bin 2, the shell of peanut is squeezed broken, the discharging of the peanut of shell fragmentation from hopper 2 by the extruding roller groups 4 in hopper 2 Mouth 22 enters in the roller 6 of peeling mechanism.The rotation of roller 6 drives peanut overturning, and peanut falls as roller 6 rises to 6 high point of roller It falls, rubs, collides between peanut, shell is driven to be detached from, kind skin, which is fallen, achievees the effect that peeling.Meanwhile rotary shaft 61 rotates band Dynamic brush board 63 rotates, and brush board 63 plays the role of stirring, and peanut movement is promoted to generate collision friction, the elastomeric bristles on brush board 63 64 contact peanuts, increase friction, kind of a skin are promoted to fall off, and the peanut kernels after peeling are inconjunction with shell and kind skin together from cabinet 5 Bottom is discharged equipped with discharge bucket 51, into the screening pipe 8 of screening mechanism.Air blower 81 is opened, is acted in 81 wind-force of air blower Under, the shell light-weight, surface area is big and kind skin are blown and change the direction of motion into the dirt collection pipe 82 in 81 opposite side of air blower In, and kernel then passes through the export of passage 83 and enters in the Material collecting box for harvesting 9 of 83 bottom of passage, the sieve 91 into one in Material collecting box for harvesting 9 Step screens out the kernel and some little particle impurity of fragmentation, obtains finished product.
The present embodiment is exemplarily described above in conjunction with attached drawing, the utility model implements not by above-mentioned side The limitation of formula, if the improvement of the method concept of the utility model and the various unsubstantialities of technical solution progress is used, or It is not improved that the conception and technical scheme of the utility model are directly applied into other occasions, in the protection of the utility model Within the scope of.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing removes the peel separating screen device, including rack (1) with peanut, it is characterised in that: the rack (1) It is sequentially installed with shell-breaking mechanism, peeling mechanism and screening mechanism from top to bottom;
The shell-breaking mechanism includes hopper (2), and level is equipped with mixing roller bearing (3) at close feed inlet (21) in hopper (2), mixing It is equipped at least two groups on the downside of roller bearing (3) and squeezes roller groups (4), the extruding roller groups (4) include two symmetrically arranged extruding Roller bearing (41) squeezes roller bearing (41) outer wall and is axially circumferentially with lug boss (42), the discharge port (22) and peeling mechanism of hopper (2) Connection;
The peeling mechanism includes cabinet (5), is equipped with roller (6) in cabinet (5), is equipped with rotary shaft (61) in the middle part of roller (6), The brush board (63) of at least three strips is equipped at roller (6) inner wall, brush board (63) is equipped with elastomeric bristles (64), rotation Axis (61) is connected and fixed by connecting rod (62) with brush board (63), and cabinet (5) bottom is equipped with discharge bucket (51);
The screening mechanism includes screening pipe (8), and the screening pipe (8) is mounted on discharge bucket (51) bottom end, sieves the one of pipe (8) Side is connected to air blower (81), and the other side is connected to dirt collection pipe (82), and the lower part of screening pipe (8) is equipped with passage (83).
2. a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing according to claim 1 removes the peel separating screen device with peanut, it is characterised in that: also set Have Material collecting box for harvesting (9), Material collecting box for harvesting (9) setting is equipped with sieve (91) in the bottom end of passage (83), Material collecting box for harvesting (9).
3. a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing according to claim 1 removes the peel separating screen device with peanut, it is characterised in that: described Volume damper (10) are equipped at the air outlet of air blower (81).
4. a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing according to claim 1 removes the peel separating screen device with peanut, it is characterised in that: described Passage (83) tilts down setting, and inclination angle is 30 °~60 °.
5. a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing according to claim 1 removes the peel separating screen device with peanut, it is characterised in that: described Squeezing the gap between the extruding roller bearing (41) of roller groups (4) is 2~4 centimetres.
6. a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing according to claim 5 removes the peel separating screen device with peanut, it is characterised in that: described Squeezing roller groups (4) is 4 groups, and extruding roller bearing (41) diameter for squeezing roller groups (4) from top to bottom is sequentially reduced, and squeezes roller bearing (41) gap is sequentially reduced.
7. a kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing according to claim 1 removes the peel separating screen device with peanut, it is characterised in that: described The cross section of lug boss (42) is semicircle, and the material of lug boss (42) is elastic rubber.
CN201820436435.4U 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 A kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device Expired - Fee Related CN208540693U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820436435.4U CN208540693U (en) 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 A kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820436435.4U CN208540693U (en) 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 A kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208540693U true CN208540693U (en) 2019-02-26

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110859310A (en) * 2019-12-12 2020-03-06 安徽科技学院 Snakegourd fruit seed sorting and shelling device
CN111588046A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-08-28 谈静 Automatic separator of peanut shell
CN111789264A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-10-20 山东得知科技发展有限公司 Double-roller kneading type peanut shelling device and shelling method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110859310A (en) * 2019-12-12 2020-03-06 安徽科技学院 Snakegourd fruit seed sorting and shelling device
CN111588046A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-08-28 谈静 Automatic separator of peanut shell
CN111789264A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-10-20 山东得知科技发展有限公司 Double-roller kneading type peanut shelling device and shelling method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190226

Termination date: 20200329

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee