CN106561995A - Agricultural recycling method - Google Patents

Agricultural recycling method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106561995A
CN106561995A CN201610912508.8A CN201610912508A CN106561995A CN 106561995 A CN106561995 A CN 106561995A CN 201610912508 A CN201610912508 A CN 201610912508A CN 106561995 A CN106561995 A CN 106561995A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cattle
crops
ensilage
fertilizer
agricultural
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610912508.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翟品球
翟伟球
覃守永
翟虎球
宾雪梅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Pingle Hongyan Agricultural Developing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Pingle Hongyan Agricultural Developing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Pingle Hongyan Agricultural Developing Co Ltd filed Critical Pingle Hongyan Agricultural Developing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610912508.8A priority Critical patent/CN106561995A/en
Publication of CN106561995A publication Critical patent/CN106561995A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses an agricultural recycling method and belongs to the field of an agricultural plantation technology. The method comprises the following steps: (1) preparation of a fodder; (2) feeding of the fodder; (3) preparation of an organic fertilizer; and (4) plantation of organic fruits and vegetables. According to the method, by integrating agricultural activities such as animal husbandry, plantation and processing, a relatively perfect agricultural recycling economic system is formed. In addition, by effective utilization of available agricultural resources, severe waste of original resources is changed.

Description

A kind of method of circular agriculture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods of circular agriculture, belong to agricultural plantation technology field.
Background technology
Since nearly over half a century, the growth of China's agricultural is largely dependent upon development of resources and fossil resource throwing The increase for entering, in a large number using chemical substances such as chemical fertilizer, pesticide, growth regulators, brings problem of environmental pollution, bio-diversity Natural fertility degenerate problem that the problem that reduces or disappear, soil compaction are caused, groundwater resources pollution problem, food safety are asked Topic etc..China's agricultural creates in the world the miracle of the population that 22% is supported with 7% soil, but while, it is small peasant economy, thick The relatively low situation of management, decentralized management, resource utilization is put than more prominent.Traditional mode of agriculture becomes one and does not allow to neglect Depending on valuable source consume source, the waste source of huge resource is could also say that to a certain extent, while being also one important Polluter.
The national conditions of China are peasants, and low technical is in the majority, and scale and standardized production are difficult to carry out, existing agricultural resource Cannot effectively utilize.The Agricultural Mechanization Degree of China is low under the national conditions of China, and industrial development degree has much room for improvement, most It is important that also lacking the support of the structure of agricultural production and technological layer.Good circular agriculture implantation methods are founded, to agricultural and agriculture Industry industrialization will produce huge radiation induced effect.The management of excellent kind, specification and agricultural science and technology are growth of agricultural efficiency Important step.Breeding adds improved seeds, advanced science breeding technology and managerial experiences, the advanced breeding of industry to add pollution to process Thinking and mode, are conducive to the utilization of agricultural production resources, advance its agricultural industrialization process, promote sending out for Agriculture Production Modes Exhibition.
In consideration of it, be necessary to provide a kind of method of new circular agriculture, to solve the deficiencies in the prior art.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of method of circular agriculture. The method of the present invention is by herding, plantation and the rural activity unification such as processes, and defines and a set of follows relative to fairly perfect agricultural Ring economic system, and agriculture existing resource is effectively utilized, situations such as change original resource serious waste.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:A kind of method of circular agriculture, comprises the steps:
(1) feed making:Harvesting crops, the rotting part on the root of crops is picked out, and is then shredded, cutting Broken crops successively load silage silo, often fill the thick just compactings of 20 ± 2cm once, after silage silo is filled, exclude in silage silo Air, sealing 30 days after, obtain ensilage;
(2) feedstuff feeding:The ensilage that step (1) is obtained, feeds milch cow and beef cattle, and the amount of feeding of ensilage does not surpass Cross the 1/2 of milch cow and cattle diet total amount;
(3) fertilizer makes:The cattle manure that milch cow and beef cattle are produced is with dry bran by weight 5:4-8:2 mix homogeneously, obtain To compound one, the moisture content for controlling compound one is 30-50%;By brown sugar (Saccharum Sinensis Roxb.) and strain by weight 97-99:3-1 mixes After uniform, divide the top layer for being sprinkling upon above-mentioned compound one, obtain compound two;Above-mentioned compound two is carried out again turn over throwing stirring, so After pile wide 1.5-2m, the strip of high 0.3-0.4m carries out aerobic fermentation and banks up;Daily turning and throwing once during fermentation, ferment 12- 20 days, obtain fertilizer;
(4) organic fruit and vegerable plantation:The fertilizer that step (3) is obtained, applies in the dressing furrow that depth is more than 12cm, and Fertilising is added in crops fruit and vegerable plantation mid-term.
On the basis of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further, step (1) crops are sweet potato vine, corn straw, and sugar content >=2% of the crops contains Water rate is 65-75%, and the length of the chopping is 2-3cm, and the temperature in the silage silo is 25-30 DEG C.
It is using above-mentioned further beneficial effect:It is easier the ensilage for obtaining high-quality.
Further, the amount of feeding of step (2) ensilage is the 3/4 of milch cow and cattle diet total amount.
Further, the moisture content of step (3) cattle manure is 40-70%, and the dry bran is TONGKANG or wooden bran;The strain For EM bacterium.
It is using above-mentioned further beneficial effect:It is easier the fermentation fertilizer for obtaining high-quality.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
(1) method of circular agriculture of the invention makes feed making, feedstuff feeding, fertilizer and the plantation of organic fruit and vegerable Deng rural activity unification, define a set of relative to fairly perfect Agricultural recycling economy system.
(2) present invention effectively utilizes agriculture existing resource, situations such as change original resource serious waste, Agricultural crop straw can be reduced to burn, abandon and the air that causes and environmental pollution.
(3) present invention has softened feedstuff using agricultural crop straw as ensiling, makes milch cow and beef cattle be more easy to absorb in feedstuff Nutrition.
(4) present invention does fertilizer using cattle manure, reduces during milch cow and steer ration to environmental emission cattle Excrement pollutes, and cattle manure is used into Planting Crops, reduces the use of inorganic fertilizer, improves soil.
(5) present invention passes through this agriculture round-robin method, it is possible to reduce breeding adds cost, improves breeding and adds benefit, and method Simply, wide market, is adapted to large-scale promotion application.
Specific embodiment
The principle and feature of the present invention are described below in conjunction with specific embodiment, example is served only for explaining this It is bright, it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
The method of the circular agriculture of the present embodiment, comprises the steps:
(1) feed making:Harvesting sugar content 2%, moisture content is 65% sweet potato vine, corn straw, by sweet potato vine, Semen Maydiss Part of rotting on the root of straw is picked out, and is then chopped into 2-3cm, and the sweet potato vine, corn straw chopping successively loads Silage silo, the temperature in silage silo is 25-30 DEG C, often fills the thick just compactings of 18cm once, after silage silo is filled, excludes silage silo Interior air, after sealing 30 days, obtains ensilage.
(2) feedstuff feeding:The ensilage that step (1) is obtained, feeds milch cow and beef cattle, and the amount of feeding of ensilage does not surpass Cross the 3/4 of milch cow and cattle diet total amount.
(3) fertilizer makes:Moisture content by milch cow and beef cattle generation is 40% cattle manure and TONGKANG by weight 5:4 mix Close uniform, obtain compound one, the moisture content for controlling compound one is 30%;By brown sugar (Saccharum Sinensis Roxb.) and EM bacterium by weight 97:3 mixing After uniform, divide the top layer for being sprinkling upon above-mentioned compound one, obtain compound two;Above-mentioned compound two is carried out again turn over throwing stirring, so After pile wide 1.5m, the strip of high 0.3m carries out aerobic fermentation and banks up;Daily turning and throwing once during fermentation, ferments 12 days, obtains Fertilizer.
(4) organic fruit and vegerable plantation:The fertilizer that step (3) is obtained, applies in the dressing furrow that depth is more than 12cm, and Fertilising is added in crops fruit and vegerable plantation mid-term.
Embodiment 2:
The method of the circular agriculture of the present embodiment, comprises the steps:
(1) feed making:Harvesting sugar content 3%, moisture content is 70% sweet potato vine, corn straw, by sweet potato vine, Semen Maydiss Part of rotting on straw root is picked out, and is then chopped into 2-3cm, and sweet potato vine, the corn straw of chopping are successively loaded green grass or young crops Reservoir, the temperature in silage silo is 28 DEG C, often fills the thick just compactings of 20cm once, after silage silo is filled, is excluded in silage silo Air, after sealing 30 days, obtains ensilage.
(2) feedstuff feeding:The ensilage that step (1) is obtained, feeds milch cow and beef cattle, and the amount of feeding of ensilage does not surpass Cross the 2/5 of milch cow and cattle diet total amount.
(3) fertilizer makes:Moisture content by milch cow and beef cattle generation is 40% cattle manure and wooden bran by weight 2:1 mixes Close uniform, obtain compound one, the moisture content for controlling compound one is 55%;By brown sugar (Saccharum Sinensis Roxb.) and EM bacterium by weight 98:2 mixing After uniform, divide the top layer for being sprinkling upon above-mentioned compound one, obtain compound two;Above-mentioned compound two is carried out again turn over throwing stirring, so After pile wide 1.8m, the strip of high 0.3m carries out aerobic fermentation and banks up;Daily turning and throwing once during fermentation, ferments 16 days, obtains Fertilizer.
(4) organic fruit and vegerable plantation:The fertilizer that step (3) is obtained, applies in the dressing furrow that depth is more than 12cm, and Fertilising is added in crops fruit and vegerable plantation mid-term.
Embodiment 3:
The method of the circular agriculture of the present embodiment, comprises the steps:
(1) feed making:Harvesting sugar content 4%, moisture content is 75% sweet potato vine, corn straw, by sweet potato vine, Semen Maydiss Part of rotting on straw root is picked out, and is then chopped into 2-3cm, and sweet potato vine, the corn straw of chopping are successively loaded green grass or young crops Reservoir, the temperature in silage silo is 30 DEG C, often fills the thick just compactings of 22cm once, after silage silo is filled, is excluded in silage silo Air, after sealing 30 days, obtains ensilage.
(2) feedstuff feeding:The ensilage that step (1) is obtained, feeds milch cow and beef cattle, and the amount of feeding of ensilage does not surpass Cross the 1/3 of milch cow and cattle diet total amount.
(3) fertilizer makes:Moisture content by milch cow and beef cattle generation is 40% cattle manure and TONGKANG by weight 8:2 mix Close uniform, obtain compound one, the moisture content for controlling compound one is 50%;By brown sugar (Saccharum Sinensis Roxb.) and EM bacterium by weight 99:1 mixing After uniform, divide the top layer for being sprinkling upon above-mentioned compound one, obtain compound two;Above-mentioned compound two is carried out again turn over throwing stirring, so After pile wide 2m, the strip of high 0.4m carries out aerobic fermentation and banks up;Daily turning and throwing once during fermentation, ferments 20 days, is had Machine fertilizer.
(4) organic fruit and vegerable plantation:The fertilizer that step (3) is obtained, applies in the dressing furrow that depth is more than 12cm, and Fertilising is added in crops fruit and vegerable plantation mid-term.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not to limit the present invention, all spirit in the present invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of method of circular agriculture, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) feed making:Harvesting crops, the part of rotting on the root of crops is picked out, and is then shredded, chopping Crops successively load silage silo, often fill the thick just compactings of 20 ± 2cm once, after silage silo is filled, exclude the sky in silage silo Gas, after sealing 30 days, obtains ensilage;
(2) feedstuff feeding:The ensilage that step (1) is obtained, feeds milch cow and beef cattle, and the amount of feeding of ensilage is less than milk Cattle and the 1/2 of cattle diet total amount;
(3) fertilizer makes:The cattle manure that milch cow and beef cattle are produced is with dry bran by weight 5:4-8:2 mix homogeneously, are mixed Material one is closed, the moisture content for controlling compound one is 30-50%;By brown sugar (Saccharum Sinensis Roxb.) and strain by weight 97-99:3-1 mix homogeneously Afterwards, divide the top layer for being sprinkling upon above-mentioned compound one, obtain compound two;Above-mentioned compound two is carried out again turn over throwing stirring, Ran Houdui Into wide 1.5-2m, the strip of high 0.3-0.4m carries out aerobic fermentation and banks up;Daily turning and throwing once during fermentation, ferments 12-20 days, Obtain fertilizer;
(4) organic fruit and vegerable plantation:The fertilizer that step (3) is obtained, applies in the dressing furrow that depth is more than 12cm, and in agriculture Crop fruit and vegerable plantation mid-term adds fertilising.
2. the method for a kind of circular agriculture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step (1) crops are red Potato rattan, corn straw, sugar content >=2% of the crops, moisture content is 65-75%, and the length of the chopping is 2-3cm, Temperature in the silage silo is 25-30 DEG C.
3. the method for a kind of circular agriculture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step (2) ensilage The amount of feeding is the 3/4 of milch cow and cattle diet total amount.
4. the method for a kind of circular agriculture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step (3) cattle manure it is aqueous Rate is 40-70%, and the dry bran is TONGKANG or wooden bran;The strain is EM bacterium.
CN201610912508.8A 2016-10-18 2016-10-18 Agricultural recycling method Pending CN106561995A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610912508.8A CN106561995A (en) 2016-10-18 2016-10-18 Agricultural recycling method

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106995355A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-01 绵阳市农业科学研究院 The method that a kind of pair of stalk crosses abdomen returning to the field through sheep
CN108059493A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-05-22 南京信息工程大学 The method that a kind of maize straw half crosses abdomen rapid production of organic fertilizer
CN108781581A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-13 南京信息工程大学 A kind of method of coordination of farming and animal husbandry integration maize straw

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1408683A (en) * 2001-10-01 2003-04-09 李成义 Biological organic composite fertilizer and its producing method
CN103329849A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-02 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 Method for constructing pasture, beef cattle and vegetable circular agriculture system in subtropical hilly area
CN103766580A (en) * 2012-10-23 2014-05-07 大连鹤菲英博科技有限公司 Preparation method of fermented chicken manure
CN104177139A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-12-03 明金阳 Chicken manure organic fertilizer for microbial fermentation
CN104381744A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-04 王克夫 Method for silaging corn straws
CN104798576A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-29 云南省农业科学院热区生态农业研究所 Three-dimensional recycling agriculture mode for mountain planting and raising
CN104969901A (en) * 2015-05-23 2015-10-14 科尔沁牛业南阳有限公司 Ecological beef cattle breeding pattern

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1408683A (en) * 2001-10-01 2003-04-09 李成义 Biological organic composite fertilizer and its producing method
CN103766580A (en) * 2012-10-23 2014-05-07 大连鹤菲英博科技有限公司 Preparation method of fermented chicken manure
CN103329849A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-02 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 Method for constructing pasture, beef cattle and vegetable circular agriculture system in subtropical hilly area
CN104177139A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-12-03 明金阳 Chicken manure organic fertilizer for microbial fermentation
CN104381744A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-04 王克夫 Method for silaging corn straws
CN104798576A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-29 云南省农业科学院热区生态农业研究所 Three-dimensional recycling agriculture mode for mountain planting and raising
CN104969901A (en) * 2015-05-23 2015-10-14 科尔沁牛业南阳有限公司 Ecological beef cattle breeding pattern

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106995355A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-01 绵阳市农业科学研究院 The method that a kind of pair of stalk crosses abdomen returning to the field through sheep
CN108059493A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-05-22 南京信息工程大学 The method that a kind of maize straw half crosses abdomen rapid production of organic fertilizer
CN108781581A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-13 南京信息工程大学 A kind of method of coordination of farming and animal husbandry integration maize straw

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Application publication date: 20170419

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