CN106416646A - Cultivation method beneficial to high quality and high yield of Tibetan medicine Rhodiola gannanica - Google Patents

Cultivation method beneficial to high quality and high yield of Tibetan medicine Rhodiola gannanica Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106416646A
CN106416646A CN201610078190.8A CN201610078190A CN106416646A CN 106416646 A CN106416646 A CN 106416646A CN 201610078190 A CN201610078190 A CN 201610078190A CN 106416646 A CN106416646 A CN 106416646A
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China
Prior art keywords
gannanica
seeds
year
seed
month
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CN201610078190.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王克鹏
董博
王彦武
刘雅楠
付奎
党柯
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201610078190.8A priority Critical patent/CN106416646A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/06Coating or dressing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention provides a cultivation method beneficial to the high quality and high yield of a Tibetan medicine Rhodiola gannanica (R. gannanica FU). The method is characterized by comprising the following steps: soaking full and mature Rhodiola gannanica seeds with a KNO3 solution of 1% for 5 hours under the condition of room temperature, taking out the seeds, washing the seeds, carrying out spraying by a GA3 solution of 0.02%, carrying out uniform stirring, carrying out standing for 5 hours, and carrying out spreading for air-drying; before sowing, adding fine river sand into the seeds in accordance with the weight ratio of the seeds to the fine sand being 1:10, forming shallow ditches with the depth of 1.5cm in a prepared furrowed field, then, uniformly broadcasting the seeds in the ditches, covering the seeds with soil by the thickness of 0.3cm, carrying out slight compacting, and carrying out timely mulching or sun-shading so as to preserve moisture; carrying out sowing according to the density of about 0.5kg of seeds per 667m<2>; after seedlings grow for 1 year, carrying out transplanting and field planting generally in the last ten days of April to the first ten days of May in next year according to the density of 2,000 plants/667m<2>; afterwards, carrying out farmyard miscellaneous manure application according to the amount of 1,000kg/mu to 1,500kg/mu in April to June every year, uniformly mixing and stirring the corresponding farmyard manure with 50kg of calcium superphosphate and 50kg of cake fertilizer, carrying out furrowing between rows, and carrying out application; and carrying out water control treatment for 10 to 30 days in August to September every year in a continuous period of 4 years, and harvesting Rhodiola gannanica medicinal materials after the treatment ends.

Description

A kind of cultural method being conducive to Tibetan medicine R.gannanica good quality and high output
Technical field
The present invention relates to be conducive to the cultural method of Tibetan medicine R.gannanica (R.gannanica FU) good quality and high output with one kind.The field of agricultural cultivation belonging to.
Background technology
R.gannanica (R.gannanica FU), sweeps sieve agate boolean (Tibetan name) etc.;For herbaceos perennial, high 10-20 centimetre.Root is sturdy, cone, and meat is isabelline, the most fibrous root of root cervical region tool, and rhizome is short, thick shape, cylindrical, the lepidiod leaf being arranged by most imbricates.It is grown in the high and cold pollution-free area of height above sea level 2800-3500 rice, its growing environment is severe, thus has very strong vitality and special adaptability.Can make medicinal, can tonifying Qi clearing lung-heat, Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae nourishing heart, is to act on extensive Chinese medicine simply.Also there is very big cosmetic result, skin care item can be made, also edible.
Because Radix Rhodiolae is described as " snowy region Radix Ginseng ", " Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici ", " Radix Rhodiolae ", " plant gold ".Belong to rare traditional Chinese medicinal materials assortment, market has openings is big.Its main source is wild excavation, and because wild resource integrated distribution is in high and cold mountain area, growth is very slow, excessively excavates in addition, and the wild Radix Rhodiolae resource of current China has been in Critical Condition.The end of the nineties, the artificial cultivation method that Gansu province begins with, but also there is technological obsolescence, cultivation is of poor quality, yield poorly (more than 200 kilogram of per mu yield), long the production cycle (4-5), by the problems such as regional limitation, Radix Rhodiolae variety deterioration.Limit the development in Gansu province for the Radix Rhodiolae.
Gansu province is located in hydropenia and cold loess plateau is dried, and a lot of districts belong to national development for poverty relief key area.But domestic living resources are enriched, common Chinese crude drug close to 500 kinds, because temperature and the precipitation condition in Gansu Province is so as to become one of important Chinese herbal medicine major production areas in the whole nation.Development for R.gannanica provides advantageous advantages for development.But because of technological obsolescence, long the production cycle, cultivate the development that ropy reason limits R.gannanica, the High-quality Cultivation of therefore research R.gannanica has important practical significance.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of artificial cultivation method of the R.gannanica that cultivation quality is high, growing power is strong, yield is high.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, realize the technical scheme is that:A kind of cultural method being conducive to Tibetan medicine R.gannanica good quality and high output, it is made up of following steps:
Mountain area slope, the level land with black vegetable mould from 900-1200m altitude ranges.Forest zone mountain region can be using east, the mountain region of west slope aspect, wasteland cultivation, and being possible with treelet in the preferable orchard of soil property in the ranks, has the plot nursery of suitable shading condition.
One kind of the present invention is conducive to the cultural method of Tibetan medicine R.gannanica (R.gannanica FU) good quality and high output, simply workable suits large area to popularize.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide the method for protection R.gannanica wild resource, comprise the steps:
1st, after selection of land, every 667m2Apply the farm manure 1500~2000kg fully becoming thoroughly decomposed, compound fertilizer 20~30kg, 30cm is ploughed deeply in soil, will be thin for soil rake, leveling, make flat furrow or high ridge, wide 100~the 120cm of furrow, the high 15~25cm of furrow, hillside or easy punja can suitably reduce furrow face height or to do half furrow standby.
2nd, select R.gannanica seed full, that Maturity is high, be placed in container, at ambient temperature, by seed 1%KNO3Solution soaking 5 hours, take out cleaning, then with 0.02% GA3Solution is sprayed and is stirred, and places 5 hours, spreads out and dry.
3rd, before sowing, by a certain percentage first (seed: fine sand=1: 10) add thin river sand soil, whole good furrow face is opened deep be 1.5cm shallow ridges, then by seed uniform broadcasting in ditch, earthing 0.3cm, suppress slightly, timely overlay film or sunshade moisturizing.
4th, every 667m2Application rate is 0.5kg;After growth of seedling 1 year, typically in the first tenday period of a month in late April, the 2nd to May according to 2000 plants/667m2Density survival after transplant, seedlings also can transplant the 9-10 month in the fall;
5th, the annual afterwards 4-6 month, mu applies farmyard manure 1000~1500kg, and mixes with calcium superphosphate 50kg, cake fertilizer 50kg and mix thoroughly, ditches in the ranks and applies, to accelerate next year root and rhizome, the formation of petal and growth.
6th, implement drought stress, process time 10-30d, durations 4 years the annual 8-9 month, and harvest R.gannanica medical material after process terminates..
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:Cultural method of the present invention is simple and easy to operate, suitable large-scale production.
Be conducive to the cultural method of Tibetan medicine R.gannanica (R.gannanica FU) good quality and high output using one kind of the present invention.Main advantage following aspects:
1st, the seed dressing in the seedling-raising technique link that the present invention provides, has been effectively ensured small Radix Rhodiolae seed broadcasting uniformly, is conducive to cultivating high-quality seedling, provides high-quality seedling to ensure for field planting.
2. whole growth stage, all not using chemical fertilizer, replaces chemical fertilizer using fertile soil, while simulating outdoor habitatss, makes the medical material green non-pollution of production it is ensured that quality of medicinal material, provide high-quality pollution-free medical material.
3. the drought stress taken in the middle and late growth stage, makes soil moisture content be maintained at 40-60%, is conducive to increasing medical material root/shoot ratio, improves medical material yield per unit area, be truly realized high yield and increase income.
4. producing the present invention utilizes fine sand and seed to dress seed, and is conducive to seed broadcasting uniformly, cultivates high-quality seedling, and the sunken bed nursery that this method adopts has taken into full account nursery season arid feature short of rain, can fully ensure that growth of seedling.This invention utilizes fertile soil to replace chemical fertilizer it is ensured that quality of medicinal material also in growth course, takes drought stress it is ensured that quality of medicinal material.The cultural method that the present invention provides is simple, is easy to operate.
5. if cost consideration, the inventive method cost is relatively low, and yield is high, and green safety, the superior quality cultivation technique of the present invention, effectively, improves yield more than 10%, economic benefit improves more than 30%.
Therefore, the Radix Rhodiolae without the raw material output such as chemical fertilizer of the present invention be all high-quality, efficiently, safely, have no side effect.For edible, medicinal be all pure green product.
With reference to some pest and disease damages occurring in cultivation, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
1st, nursery should select the fertile loose, plot close to water source of soil property, transplant the rejected reasons interplanting cultivation that planting site selects well-drained border, cheuch, sandy slightly many hillsides and more than 25 ° as far as possible, low-lying easy flood, heavy soil and salt-soda soil should not be planted.
2nd, use the nursery stock of seminal propagation, current growth is weaker, should weed with a hoe in time after emerging, keeping furrow face no weeds, loosening the soil easily shallow, in order to avoid hindering root.Starting from the 2nd year to combine, weeding is topdressed, and applies well-rotted farmyard manure 1000~1500kg/667m after the 1st intertillage2, to promote the fast-growth of underground rhizome, winter top dressing wants heavy dressing within the 3rd year.
3rd, insect pest mainly has the lepidoptera pest such as aphid and little red pearl thin,tough silk butterfly, sprays the environment-friendly pesticide 3% hypertonic benzene oxygen spray solution preventing and treating of high-efficiency low-toxicity, effect is up to more than 90% before egg hatching contains the phase and mature larva is pupated.
4th, disease occurs mainly in the incision of Propagation of Rhizomes Seedling, easily forms root rot, carries out the generation that sterilization can prevent this disease before field planting.
5th, the plague of rats is mainly Myospalax fontanieri(Milne-Edwards)., in addition to nibbling food meat rhizome, also gets into the cave in furrow, arch upward mound, often destroys the nursery stock of whole furrow.During preventing and treating, the place ferrum milling of the mound that arches upward is excavated hole, put into zokor spirit poison bait 10~20g, then hole is filled and led up, prevention effect, more than 90%, is prevented and treated 2~3 times for 1 year.
6th, harvest after the plant strain growth 4-5 using seminal propagation.After the season of harvesting, aerial partss were withered and yellow in the fall, cut off withered stem and leaf, underground rhizome is dug out, remove soil, rinsed well with clear water, section is dried or is dried, and also can steam the medical material of wash clean after 7~10min, dry or dry, rhizome classification is made in order, aliging in top, is bundled into wisp, and storage is sold.Big, sturdy with it, matter is strong, body weight, and section is preferred for aubergine person.
Above-described embodiment is only used as explanation of the invention, limits the present invention never in any form.Every using be equal to the present invention or technology that equivalent transformation is obtained case all within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of cultural method being conducive to Tibetan medicine R.gannanica good quality and high output is it is characterised in that the method comprises the steps:Select full, Maturity high R.gannanica seed, is placed in container, at ambient temperature, by seed 1%KNO3Solution soaking 5 hours, takes out cleaning, then with 0.02% GA3Solution is sprayed and is stirred, and places 5 hours, spreads out and dry;Before sowing, (seed: fine sand=1: 10) add thin river by a certain percentage first Sandy soil, open the deep shallow ridges for 1.5cm in whole good furrow face, then by seed uniform broadcasting in ditch, earthing 0.3cm, suppresses, timely overlay film slightly Or sunshade moisturizing.Every 667m2Application rate is 0.5kg;After growth of seedling 1 year, typically in the first tenday period of a month in late April, the 2nd to May according to 2000 Strain/667m2Density survival after transplant, seedlings also can transplant the 9-10 month in the fall;The 4-6 month annual afterwards, mu applies farmyard manure 1000~1500kg, And mix with calcium superphosphate 50kg, cake fertilizer 50kg and mix thoroughly, ditch in the ranks and apply, to accelerate next year root and rhizome, the formation of petal and growth., often Year implements drought stress the 8_9 month, process time 10-30d, durations 4 years, and harvesting R.gannanica medical material after process terminates.
2. method according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:1%KNO3Solution soaking 5 hours, take out cleaning, then with 0.02% GA3Solution enters Capable sowing of spraying and stir.
3. method according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:According to 1000~1500kg after slow seedling, and mix with calcium superphosphate 50kg, cake fertilizer 50kg Conjunction is mixed thoroughly, ditches in the ranks and applies.
4. method according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:During drought stress, soil moisture content is made to be maintained at 40%-60%.
5. method according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Methods described is applied to the artificial culture of R.gannanica.
CN201610078190.8A 2016-02-05 2016-02-05 Cultivation method beneficial to high quality and high yield of Tibetan medicine Rhodiola gannanica Pending CN106416646A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101317505A (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-10 王科大 Cultivation and grow method for selenium-rich rhodiola rosea
CN101361446A (en) * 2008-10-15 2009-02-11 四川省川草工程咨询招标有限责任公司 Rhodiola seed seedling-raising method and cultivation method
CN102106230A (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-06-29 临江市中药材技术开发研究中心 Artificial cultivation method for wild rhodiola sachalinensis
CN102428810A (en) * 2011-09-14 2012-05-02 杜品 Breeding method of Rhodiola kirilowii
CN103181270A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-07-03 拉萨嘉国生物科技有限公司 Method for manually culturing rhodiola rosea in high-altitude area

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101317505A (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-10 王科大 Cultivation and grow method for selenium-rich rhodiola rosea
CN101361446A (en) * 2008-10-15 2009-02-11 四川省川草工程咨询招标有限责任公司 Rhodiola seed seedling-raising method and cultivation method
CN102106230A (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-06-29 临江市中药材技术开发研究中心 Artificial cultivation method for wild rhodiola sachalinensis
CN102428810A (en) * 2011-09-14 2012-05-02 杜品 Breeding method of Rhodiola kirilowii
CN103181270A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-07-03 拉萨嘉国生物科技有限公司 Method for manually culturing rhodiola rosea in high-altitude area

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
TANG YAN ET AL.: "Seed dispersal pattern and germination test of Rhodiola sachalinensis", 《JOURNAL OF FORESTRY RESEARCH》 *
高玉朋等: "长白山区引种驯化狭叶红景天育苗技术", 《农业开发与装备》 *

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Inventor after: Liu Yanan

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Inventor after: Dong Bo

Inventor after: Wang Yanwu

Inventor after: Fu Kui

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Inventor before: Dang Ke

Inventor after: Liu Yanan

Inventor after: Wang Kepeng

Inventor after: Dong Bo

Inventor after: Wang Yanwu

Inventor after: Fu Kui

Inventor after: Dang Ke

Inventor before: Wang Kepeng

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Application publication date: 20170222

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