CN106083250A - Citrus compound organic and inorganic fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Citrus compound organic and inorganic fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106083250A
CN106083250A CN201610417113.0A CN201610417113A CN106083250A CN 106083250 A CN106083250 A CN 106083250A CN 201610417113 A CN201610417113 A CN 201610417113A CN 106083250 A CN106083250 A CN 106083250A
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fertilizer
parts
citrus
organic
inorganic
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CN201610417113.0A
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赵承伟
吴贵鑫
马敏
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Chengdu Xin He Linkage Science And Technology Ltd
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Chengdu Xin He Linkage Science And Technology Ltd
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Priority to CN201610417113.0A priority Critical patent/CN106083250A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B3/00Fertilisers based essentially on di-calcium phosphate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C11/00Other nitrogenous fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Citrus compound organic and inorganic fertilizer, its fertilizer formed after being fermented by Organic Ingredients is compounding with inorganic fertilizer and makes, and Organic Ingredients includes by weight: mushroom dreg 45~55 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 18~22 parts, oil cake 8~12 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13~16 parts and aminoacid 4~6 parts.Fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer press 1:(1.4~1.7) mass ratio compounding.Its preparation method includes: ferment after being got the raw materials ready by above-mentioned mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and amino acid whose parts by weight and mixed.Again the tunning formed after step by fermentation is dried, forms fertilizer.Then by fertilizer with inorganic fertilizer by 1:(1.4~1.7) mass ratio mix.This Citrus compound organic and inorganic fertilizer contains the calcareous fertilisers needed for citrus growth and fertiliser containing magnesium, is particularly well-suited to citrus growth, can improve the Citrus utilization rate to fertilizer, Citrus play the effect increasing sugar deacidification.

Description

Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to plant compound organic and inorganic fertilizer field, in particular to a kind of Citrus organic and inorganic compound Fertile and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Organic matter raw material source in organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer at present: agricultural wastes (straw, bean cake, cottonseed meal);Animal dung Just (chicken manure, cattle and sheep horsehit, rabbit excrement);Trade waste (distiller grains, vinegar, manioc waste etc.);House refuse (changing food waste) etc..Have Machine material and inorganic raw material mix after metering, enter granulator granulation, drying, cooling, reciprocating sieve, final metering point Dress up finished product.Existing organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer many employings feces of livestock and poultry and house refuse, contained antibiotic and heavy metal are held Easily soil environment being produced and pollute, being also possible to cause large area pest and disease damage if becoming thoroughly decomposed the most completely.It uses for Different Crop Same formula, it is impossible to effectively Citrus are acted on, thus the utilization rate of existing organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer is compared by Citrus Low.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, its Organic Ingredients all uses vegetalitas Raw material, it contains the calcareous fertilisers needed for citrus growth and fertiliser containing magnesium, is particularly well-suited to citrus growth, can improve Citrus to fertilizer Citrus are played the effect increasing sugar deacidification by utilization rate.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the preparation method of a kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, it is by right The fermentation of Organic Ingredients, then compound with inorganic fertilizer, so that it has the abundant nutrient substance being suitable to Ci trus growth, The Citrus utilization ratio to fertilizer can be improved.
The present invention solves it and technical problem is that and realize by the following technical solutions.
A kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, its fertilizer formed after being fermented by Organic Ingredients compounds with inorganic fertilizer And make, Organic Ingredients includes by weight: mushroom dreg 45~55 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 18~22 parts, oil cake 8~12 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13~16 parts and aminoacid 4~6 parts.The mass ratio that fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer carry out compounding is 1:(1.4~1.7).
Further, in preferred embodiment of the present invention, above-mentioned inorganic fertilizer includes ammonium sulfate, carbamide, MAP, nitre Acid phosphate fertilizer, potassium chloride and potassium sulfate.
Further, in preferred embodiment of the present invention, above-mentioned inorganic fertilizer includes by weight: ammonium sulfate 90~ 110 parts, carbamide 170~190 parts, MAP 170~190 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 15~25 parts, potassium chloride 85~95 parts and sulfur Acid potassium 90~110 parts.
The preparation method of a kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, comprises the following steps:
Material preparation step, gets the raw materials ready based on following weight portion: mushroom dreg 45~55 parts;The peat composed of rotten mosses 18~22 parts;Oil cake 8~ 12 parts;Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13~16 parts;Aminoacid 4~6 parts.
Fermentation step: ferment after mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are mixed.
Drying steps: be dried by the tunning formed after step by fermentation, forms fertilizer.
Compounding step: by fertilizer with inorganic fertilizer by 1:(1.4~1.7) mass ratio mix.
Further, in preferred embodiment of the present invention, above-mentioned inorganic fertilizer includes by weight: ammonium sulfate 90~ 110 parts, carbamide 170~190 parts, MAP 170~190 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 15~25 parts, potassium chloride 85~95 parts and sulfur Acid potassium 90~110 parts.
Further, in preferred embodiment of the present invention, above-mentioned fermentation step includes: by the mass distributary in fermentation system Amount degree regulates to 40~50%, after carrying out sterilizing, is cooled to room temperature under conditions of 100~110 DEG C, adds thick fine Dimension degradation bacteria is fermented, and obtains tunning.
Further, in preferred embodiment of the present invention, the above-mentioned time carrying out sterilizing is 2~5 hours.
Further, in preferred embodiment of the present invention, the above-mentioned process that carries out fermenting is: the condition of 65~70 DEG C Lower ripening 6~8 hours;Natural ripening 6~8 days under aeration condition, the tunning become thoroughly decomposed completely afterwards.
Further, in preferred embodiment of the present invention, after also including drying steps, compound the pulverizing before step Step, pulverising step is organic fertilizer powder to be broken to granularity less than or equal to 1mm.
Further, in preferred embodiment of the present invention, the mixed process in above-mentioned compounding step be by fertilizer with Inorganic fertilizer puts into blender stirring mixing.
Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer of the embodiment of the present invention and preparation method thereof provides the benefit that: by by mushroom Mushroom slag 45~55 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 18~22 parts, oil cake 8~12 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13~16 parts and aminoacid 4~6 parts are blended in one Rise and ferment, and by the fertilizer formed with inorganic fertilizer according to 1:(1.4~1.7) carry out compounding together with so that end form The organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer become is without antibiotic and soil environment produces the heavy metal etc. polluted, and the organic-nothing formed Containing substantial amounts of protein, polysaccharide and the beneficially calcareous fertilisers of Ci trus growth and fertiliser containing magnesium in machine Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, the most also have zinc, The mineral element of the trace such as copper, phosphorus, ferrum.Thus be conducive to being suitable for Citrus plant strain growth, the Citrus utilization to fertilizer can be improved Citrus are played the effect increasing sugar deacidification by rate.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the purpose of the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below will be in the embodiment of the present invention Technical scheme be clearly and completely described.In embodiment, unreceipted actual conditions person, builds according to normal condition or manufacturer The condition of view is carried out.Agents useful for same or instrument unreceipted production firm person, being can be by the commercially available conventional product bought and obtain Product.
Below Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer of the embodiment of the present invention and preparation method thereof is specifically described.
A kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, its fertilizer formed after being fermented by Organic Ingredients compounds with inorganic fertilizer And make, Organic Ingredients includes by weight: mushroom dreg 45~55 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 18~22 parts, oil cake 8~12 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13~16 parts and aminoacid 4~6 parts.The mass ratio that fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer carry out compounding is 1:(1.4~1.7).
Wherein, in mushroom dreg, thick protein average content is about 8%, and crude fat average out to 0.8%, crude fibre is the most about Being 17%, nitrogen-free extract is averagely about 40%, simultaneously possibly together with mineral elements such as abundant calcium, zinc, copper, phosphorus, ferrum, magnesium. After edible mushroom collection, substantial amounts of stem, mycelium, mycorhiza etc. are stayed in mushroom bran, and it contains tropina, mushroom polysaccharide and a large amount of Other active substances, the tunning formed after the fermentation of mushroom dreg, can be that the growth of citrus provides nutrient substance.Also simultaneously The physicochemical property of soil can be improved.
The peat composed of rotten mosses has another name called " peat ", is also " mud coal ", is the product in formation process of bog, is formed at the Quaternary Period, by marsh The residuum of plant, under the anaerobic condition of many water, it is impossible to decomposes accumulation completely and forms.To either planting flower, planting grass or plant it The soil of his crops, if any hardening, hardening etc., as long as adding appropriate " peat composed of rotten mosses " just can recover and improve the water holding of soil, logical Gas and the ability of fertilizer conservation, can have additional nutrients again composition, thus improves product quality, reaches and causes more preferably economic benefit.
Oil cake is the class fertilizer made with various oil compositions more seed residue after squeezing is deoiled.Such as dish Seedcake, cottonseed cake, soybean cake, sesame-send cake, peanut cake, it contains abundant nutrient substance, is conducive to plant to carry out after fermenting Absorb.
Herba Artemisiae Annuae is annual herb, and stem is upright, top multi-branched, the vertical crest line of tool.Leaf alternate, the leaf in the middle part of stem two times Pinnation, linear lobelet.Summer-flowering, head inflorescence hemispherical, most, become coniform, floral tube shape, outside is female flower, Internal layer is hermaphrodite flower.Its ferment as a kind of biomaterial after formed biological fertilizer more readily promote plant growing and Improve soil property.
Aminoacid is containing amino and the common name of a class organic compound of carboxyl.The base of biological function macro-molecular protein This composition unit, is the base substance constituting Animal nutrition desired protein.It is containing a basic amine group and an acid carboxylic The organic compound of base, amino is typically connected on alpha-carbon.Aminoacid is fermented as Organic Ingredients, so that fermentation is produced Thing can rapidly promote plant strain growth.
By carry out after mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are mixed according to above-mentioned ratio send out Ferment, each interaction between substances, organic tunning of formation, it is possible to containing abundant mineral element, it is possible to promote Ci trus growth and the Citrus born are played increase sugar deacidification effect.
Further, in preferred embodiment of the present invention, above-mentioned inorganic fertilizer includes ammonium sulfate, carbamide, MAP, nitre Acid phosphate fertilizer, potassium chloride and potassium sulfate.
Specifically, inorganic fertilizer includes by weight: ammonium sulfate 90~110 parts, carbamide 170~190 parts, MAP 170~190 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 15~25 parts, potassium chloride 85~95 parts and potassium sulfate 90~110 parts.Containing of above-mentioned inorganic fertilizer Amount makes the nutrition of the Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer formed more equalize, it is easier to absorbed by Citrus.
Additionally, inorganic fertilizer can also include the composition containing abundant trace element such as Borax, ferrous sulfate, silico-calcium potassium, The growth of Citrus can be advantageously promoted.
The preparation method of this Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, comprises the following steps:
S1, material preparation step, get the raw materials ready based on following weight portion: mushroom dreg 45~55 parts;The peat composed of rotten mosses 18~22 parts;Oil cake 8~12 parts;Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13~16 parts;Aminoacid 4~6 parts.
For ease of fermentation, the nutritional labeling in Organic Ingredients is thoroughly discharged so that the tunning obtained has It is beneficial to be absorbed by Citrus plant, and saves fermentation costs, mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are all passed through Pulverizer is crushed to 1~4mm.
S2, fermentation step: ferment after mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are mixed.
Specifically, after mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are put into Zymolysis Equipment mixing, regulate whole Biodiversity degree in fermentation system regulates to 40~50%, carries out sterilizing, go out under conditions of 100~110 DEG C The bacterium time is 2~5 hours.Above-mentioned sterilization process is to have pathogenic to kill some worm's ovums of carrying in raw material and some Pathogen;Meanwhile, high temperature sterilize makes to immerse some moisture, beneficially subsequent fermentation in raw material.
Being lowered the temperature by raw material after sterilizing, after being cooled to room temperature, add lignocellulose degradation bacterium, bacterium accounts for always lignocellulose degradation The 0.02 of fermentation system weight~0.04% is added.Then ripening 6~8 hours under conditions of 65~70 DEG C.Wherein, 65 ~70 DEG C of ripenings 6~carry out in Zymolysis Equipment for 8 hours;Then putting in digester by material, digester is 60m3, typically fill Enter material 20m3, to ventilate per hour in groove 10 minutes, ventilation is 1.5~2.0m3/ min, natural ripening 6 afterwards~8 days, obtain The tunning become thoroughly decomposed completely.In natural maturing process, early stage bank own temperature is 50~60 DEG C, and the later stage is slowly cooled to 30~40 DEG C, fermentation completes.It is oxidizing process owing to lignocellulose degradation special bacteria decomposes, needs to be passed through oxygen, therefore, certainly So during ripening, ventilation can accelerate the decomposition to cellulose of the lignocellulose degradation special bacteria, reduces nutrient loss.
Wherein, the preferred peasant movement of lignocellulose degradation bacterium carrys out lignocellulose degradation special bacterium peasant movement and carrys out lignocellulose degradation special bacterium and have Decompose more by force the ability of the larger molecular organics such as crude fibre, lignin so that it is be converted into the little molecule that beneficially plant absorption utilizes Material;Can form dominant microflora and produce multiple antibiosis material, in effective suppression Organic substance, pathogen grows;And can secrete Synthesize multiple organic acid, enzyme, biological active substances, improve fertilizer efficiency.Therefore, use peasant movement to carry out lignocellulose degradation special bacteria to carry out Fermentation, it is possible to by the conversion in mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid be plant be prone to absorb material, And by the most indissoluble for these compositions, to reach the effect of collaborative reinforced effects.
S3, drying steps: be dried by the tunning formed after step by fermentation, form fertilizer.
The tunning formed after fermentation is carried out dry in the sun, drying plant can be used in the case of bad weather to dry Dry so that biodiversity degree is less than 10%, obtains fertilizer.By being dried the composition of the fertilizer making formation more Add stable, be also beneficial to the pulverizing of fertilizer.
S4, pulverising step: organic fertilizer powder is broken to granularity less than or equal to 1mm.
Specifically, the fertilizer that above-mentioned fermentation is formed is put in pulverizer and pulverizes, be crushed to granularity less than or etc. In 1mm.Be conducive to carrying out the granulating and forming after compounding with inorganic fertilizer by pulverizing, decrease interpolation binding agent and affect in fertilizer Effective ingredient and pollution on the environment.
S5, compounding step: by fertilizer with inorganic fertilizer by 1:(1.4~1.7) mass ratio mix.
Specifically, by ammonium sulfate 90~110 parts, carbamide 170~190 parts, MAP 170~190 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 15 ~the parts by weight of 25 parts, potassium chloride 85~95 parts and potassium sulfate 90~110 parts carry out proportioning mixing after form inorganic fertilizer, so Rear above-mentioned fertilizer is placed in blender, then is put in blender by inorganic fertilizer, is stirred, and mixing time is 1~2 little Time.Wherein, fertilizer meets 1:(1.4~1.7 with the mass ratio of inorganic fertilizer).Above-mentioned fertilizer and the ratio of inorganic fertilizer and nothing Proportioning in machine fertilizer can not only preferably meet the growth of Citrus plant, and makes inorganic fertilizer coordinated can strengthen effect Really, to reach to advantageously promote the effect of Citrus plant strain growth.
The organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer formed after compounding is all pulverized so that its granularity is less than or equal to 1mm, then Pack.This granule size beneficially Chemical Mixed Fertilizer is sowed, and utilizes plant absorption.Also reduce interpolation binding agent and shadow Ring effective ingredient and pollution on the environment in fertilizer.
Additionally, organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer per ton can also add ammonium molybdate 0.5~0.6 kilogram, ferrous sulfate 14~15,000 Gram, zinc sulfate 8~11 kilograms, magnesium sulfate 8~11 kilograms, silico-calcium potassium 13~16 kilograms.The trace element wherein contained is more favourable In the growth of promotion Citrus plant, Citrus are played the effect increasing sugar deacidification.
Below in conjunction with embodiment, inventive feature and performance are described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
In the present embodiment, a kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, its fertilizer formed after being fermented by Organic Ingredients and Inorganic fertilizer is compounding and makes, and Organic Ingredients includes by weight: mushroom dreg 45 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 18 parts, oil cake 8 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13 Part and 4 parts of aminoacid.The mass ratio that fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer carry out compounding is 1:1.4.
Wherein, inorganic fertilizer includes by weight: 90 parts of ammonium sulfate, 170 parts of carbamide, MAP 170 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 15 parts, 85 parts of potassium chloride and potassium sulfate 90 parts.
The preparation method of this Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, including:
First, according to mushroom dreg 45 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 18 parts, oil cake 8 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13 parts and the weight portion of 4 parts of aminoacid Number is got the raw materials ready.Again mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are all crushed to 1~4mm by pulverizer.
Secondly, after mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are put into Zymolysis Equipment mixing, whole is regulated Biodiversity degree in ferment system regulates to 40%, carries out sterilizing under conditions of 100 DEG C, and sterilization time is 2 little Time.Being lowered the temperature by raw material after sterilizing, after being cooled to room temperature, the peasant movement adding account for total fermentation system weight 0.02% comes thick Fiber degradation special bacterium, then ripening 6 hours under conditions of 65 DEG C.Again material is put in digester, lead to per hour in groove Gas 10 minutes, ventilation is 1.5m3/ min, afterwards natural ripening 6 days, the tunning become thoroughly decomposed completely.Natural ripening Cheng Zhong, early stage bank own temperature is 50~60 DEG C, and the later stage is slowly cooled to 30~40 DEG C, and fermentation completes.
Afterwards, the tunning formed after fermentation is carried out dry in the sun to biodiversity degree less than 10%, obtain Fertilizer.
Then, according to 90 parts of ammonium sulfate, 170 parts of carbamide, MAP 170 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 15 parts, 85 parts of potassium chloride with And the weight portion of potassium sulfate 90 parts carries out proportioning, mix formation inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer is put in blender, adding Inorganic fertilizer, is stirred, and mixing time is 1 hour.Wherein, fertilizer meets 1:1.4 with the mass ratio of inorganic fertilizer.
The organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer of the formation stirred all is pulverized so that its granularity is less than or equal to 1mm, then pack.
Embodiment 2
In the present embodiment, a kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, its fertilizer formed after being fermented by Organic Ingredients and Inorganic fertilizer is compounding and makes, and Organic Ingredients includes by weight: mushroom dreg 55 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 22 parts, oil cake 12 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 16 Part and 6 parts of aminoacid.The mass ratio that fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer carry out compounding is 1:1.7.
Wherein, inorganic fertilizer includes by weight: 110 parts of ammonium sulfate, 190 parts of carbamide, MAP 190 parts, nitric acid phosphorus Fertile 25 parts, 95 parts of potassium chloride and potassium sulfate 110 parts.
The preparation method of this Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, including:
First, according to mushroom dreg 55 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 22 parts, oil cake 12 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 16 parts and the weight portion of 6 parts of aminoacid Number is got the raw materials ready.Again mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are all crushed to 1~3mm by pulverizer.
Secondly, after mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are put into Zymolysis Equipment mixing, whole is regulated Biodiversity degree in ferment system regulates to 50%, carries out sterilizing under conditions of 110 DEG C, and sterilization time is 5 little Time.Being lowered the temperature by raw material after sterilizing, after being cooled to room temperature, the peasant movement adding account for total fermentation system weight 0.04% comes thick Fiber degradation special bacterium, then ripening 8 hours under conditions of 70 DEG C.Again material is put in digester, lead to per hour in groove Gas 10 minutes, ventilation is 2.0m3/ min, afterwards natural ripening 8 days, the tunning become thoroughly decomposed completely.Natural ripening Cheng Zhong, early stage bank own temperature is 50~60 DEG C, and the later stage is slowly cooled to 30~40 DEG C, and fermentation completes.
Afterwards, the tunning formed after fermentation is carried out dry in the sun to biodiversity degree less than 10%, obtain Fertilizer.
Then, according to 110 parts of ammonium sulfate, 190 parts of carbamide, MAP 190 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 25 parts, 95 parts of potassium chloride And the weight portion of potassium sulfate 110 parts carries out proportioning, mix formation inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer is put in blender, Adding inorganic fertilizer, be stirred, mixing time is 2 hours.Wherein, fertilizer meets 1:1.7 with the mass ratio of inorganic fertilizer.
The organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer of the formation stirred all is pulverized so that its granularity is less than or equal to 1mm, then pack.
Embodiment 3
In the present embodiment, a kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, its fertilizer formed after being fermented by Organic Ingredients and Inorganic fertilizer is compounding and makes, and Organic Ingredients includes by weight: mushroom dreg 50 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 20 parts, oil cake 10 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 15 Part and 5 parts of aminoacid.The mass ratio that fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer carry out compounding is 1:1.5.
Wherein, inorganic fertilizer includes by weight: 100 parts of ammonium sulfate, 180 parts of carbamide, MAP 180 parts, nitric acid phosphorus Fertile 20 parts, 90 parts of potassium chloride and potassium sulfate 100 parts.
The preparation method of this Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, including:
First, according to mushroom dreg 50 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 20 parts, oil cake 10 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 15 parts and the weight portion of 5 parts of aminoacid Number is got the raw materials ready.Again mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are all crushed to 1~3mm by pulverizer.
Secondly, after mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are put into Zymolysis Equipment mixing, whole is regulated Biodiversity degree in ferment system regulates to 45%, carries out sterilizing under conditions of 105 DEG C, and sterilization time is 3 little Time.Being lowered the temperature by raw material after sterilizing, after being cooled to room temperature, the peasant movement adding account for total fermentation system weight 0.03% comes thick Fiber degradation special bacterium, then ripening 7 hours under conditions of 68 DEG C.Again material is put in digester, lead to per hour in groove Gas 10 minutes, ventilation is 1.7m3/ min, afterwards natural ripening 7 days, the tunning become thoroughly decomposed completely.Natural ripening Cheng Zhong, early stage bank own temperature is 50~60 DEG C, and the later stage is slowly cooled to 30~40 DEG C, and fermentation completes.
Afterwards, the tunning formed after fermentation is carried out dry in the sun to biodiversity degree less than 10%, obtain Fertilizer, and carry out being crushed to less than or equal to 1mm.
Then, according to 100 parts of ammonium sulfate, 180 parts of carbamide, MAP 180 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 20 parts, 90 parts of potassium chloride And the weight portion of potassium sulfate 100 parts carries out proportioning, mix formation inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer is put in blender, Adding inorganic fertilizer, be stirred, mixing time is 1.5 hours.Wherein, fertilizer meets 1:1.5 with the mass ratio of inorganic fertilizer.
The organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer of the formation stirred all is pulverized so that its granularity is less than or equal to 1mm, then pack.
Embodiment 4
In the present embodiment, a kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, its fertilizer formed after being fermented by Organic Ingredients and Inorganic fertilizer is compounding and makes, and Organic Ingredients includes by weight: mushroom dreg 52 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 19 parts, oil cake 9 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 14 Part and 5.5 parts of aminoacid.The mass ratio that fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer carry out compounding is 1:1.6.
Wherein, inorganic fertilizer includes by weight: 105 parts of ammonium sulfate, 185 parts of carbamide, MAP 175 parts, nitric acid phosphorus Fertile 18 parts, 92 parts of potassium chloride and potassium sulfate 95 parts.
The preparation method of this Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, including:
First, according to mushroom dreg 52 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 19 parts, oil cake 9 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 14 parts and the weight of 5.5 parts of aminoacid Number is got the raw materials ready.Again mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are all crushed to 2~4mm by pulverizer.
Secondly, after mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are put into Zymolysis Equipment mixing, whole is regulated Biodiversity degree in ferment system regulates to 48%, carries out sterilizing under conditions of 108 DEG C, and sterilization time is 4 little Time.Being lowered the temperature by raw material after sterilizing, after being cooled to room temperature, the peasant movement adding account for total fermentation system weight 0.03% comes thick Fiber degradation special bacterium, then ripening 7 hours under conditions of 67 DEG C.Again material is put in digester, lead to per hour in groove Gas 10 minutes, ventilation is 1.6m3/ min, afterwards natural ripening 7.5 days, the tunning become thoroughly decomposed completely.Natural ripening During, early stage bank own temperature is 50~60 DEG C, and the later stage is slowly cooled to 30~40 DEG C, and fermentation completes.
Afterwards, the tunning formed after fermentation is carried out dry in the sun to biodiversity degree less than 10%, obtain Fertilizer, and carry out being crushed to less than or equal to 1mm.
Then, according to 105 parts of ammonium sulfate, 185 parts of carbamide, MAP 175 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 18 parts, 92 parts of potassium chloride And the weight portion of potassium sulfate 95 parts carries out proportioning, mix formation inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer is put in blender, adding Entering inorganic fertilizer, be stirred, mixing time is 1.3 hours.Wherein, fertilizer meets 1:1.6 with the mass ratio of inorganic fertilizer.So After, then add ammonium molybdate 0.5 kilogram, 15 kilograms of ferrous sulfate, 10 kilograms of zinc sulfate, sulphuric acid by organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer per ton 10 kilograms of magnesium, 15 kilograms of silico-calcium potassium.
The organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer of the formation stirred all is pulverized so that its granularity is less than or equal to 1mm, then pack.
Embodiment 5
In the present embodiment, a kind of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, its fertilizer formed after being fermented by Organic Ingredients and Inorganic fertilizer is compounding and makes, and Organic Ingredients includes by weight: mushroom dreg 48 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 21 parts, oil cake 11 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 15 Part and 4.5 parts of aminoacid.The mass ratio that fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer carry out compounding is 1:1.5.
Wherein, inorganic fertilizer includes by weight: 98 parts of ammonium sulfate, 179 parts of carbamide, MAP 183 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 22 parts, 96 parts of potassium chloride and potassium sulfate 103 parts.
The preparation method of this Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, including:
First, according to mushroom dreg 48 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 21 parts, oil cake 11 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 15 parts and the weight of 4.5 parts of aminoacid Number is got the raw materials ready.Again mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are all crushed to 1~4mm by pulverizer.
Secondly, after mushroom dreg, the peat composed of rotten mosses, oil cake, Herba Artemisiae Annuae and aminoacid are put into Zymolysis Equipment mixing, whole is regulated Biodiversity degree in ferment system regulates to 47%, carries out sterilizing under conditions of 105 DEG C, and sterilization time is 3.5 Hour.Being lowered the temperature by raw material after sterilizing, after being cooled to room temperature, the peasant movement adding account for total fermentation system weight 0.03% comes Lignocellulose degradation special bacterium, then ripening 7.5 hours under conditions of 68 DEG C.Again material is put in digester, the least in groove Shi Tongqi 10 minutes, ventilation is 1.8m3/ min, afterwards natural ripening 7.5 days, the tunning become thoroughly decomposed completely.Natural In maturing process, early stage bank own temperature is 50~60 DEG C, and the later stage is slowly cooled to 30~40 DEG C, and fermentation completes.
Afterwards, the tunning formed after fermentation is carried out dry in the sun to biodiversity degree less than 10%, obtain Fertilizer, and carry out being crushed to less than or equal to 1mm.
Then, according to 98 parts of ammonium sulfate, 179 parts of carbamide, MAP 183 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 22 parts, 96 parts of potassium chloride with And the weight portion of potassium sulfate 103 parts carries out proportioning, mix formation inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer is put in blender, adding Entering inorganic fertilizer, be stirred, mixing time is 1.8 hours.Wherein, fertilizer meets 1:1.5 with the mass ratio of inorganic fertilizer.
Then, then ammonium molybdate 0.5 kilogram, 14 kilograms of ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate 9 are added by organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer per ton Kilogram, 11 kilograms of magnesium sulfate, 14 kilograms of silico-calcium potassium.
The organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer of the formation stirred all is pulverized so that its granularity is less than or equal to 1mm, then pack.
Test example
Proving ground, Horticultural Research Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences new capital, Citrus Cultivars: century is red;Test uses random row Row, surrounding sets protection row.If 4 process, each process 100 strain, each process repeats for 3 times: process 1: blank;Process 2: Organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer (Meishan benefit millet compound fertilizer factory), consumption is 2kg/ strain;Process 3: Citrus organic and inorganic in embodiment 2 Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, consumption is 2kg/ strain;Process 4: Fructus Capsici Chemical Mixed Fertilizer in embodiment 4, consumption is 2kg/ strain.The result obtained such as table 1 Shown in.
The total sugar of Citrus and the mensuration of organic acid are with reference to " food research and development " in JIUYUE, 2012 the 9th phase of volume 33, Wu Xiao Method described in red et al. written " mensuration of total acid and total sugar in citrus fruit " is measured.
Table 1 different fertilizer processes the quality on Citrus and the impact of yield
By the data in above-mentioned table 1 it can be seen that use the Citrus organic and inorganic in embodiment 2 and embodiment 4 The yield of the Citrus of Chemical Mixed Fertilizer and the quality of single fruit are all than yield and the list using existing common organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer Really quality is good.Meanwhile, the Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer in embodiment 2 and embodiment 4 is used to make the sugar-acid ratio in Citrus It is greatly increased, thus obtains this Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer and Citrus can be played the effect increasing sugar deacidification.
In sum, by by mushroom dreg 45~55 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 18~22 parts, oil cake 8~12 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13~16 parts And aminoacid 4~6 parts mix and ferment, and by the fertilizer formed and inorganic fertilizer according to 1:(1.4~1.7) enter Row is compounding together so that the organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer ultimately formed is without antibiotic and soil environment produces the weight polluted Calcareous fertilisers containing substantial amounts of protein, polysaccharide and beneficially Ci trus growth in metal etc., and the organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer formed And fertiliser containing magnesium, the most also there is the mineral element of the trace such as zinc, copper, phosphorus, ferrum.Thus be conducive to being suitable for Citrus plant strain growth, The Citrus utilization rate to fertilizer can be improved, Citrus are played the effect increasing sugar deacidification.
Embodiments described above is a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments.The reality of the present invention The detailed description executing example is not intended to limit the scope of claimed invention, but is merely representative of the selected enforcement of the present invention Example.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise Every other embodiment, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, it is characterised in that its fertilizer formed after being fermented by Organic Ingredients and nothing Machine fertilizer is compounding and makes, and described Organic Ingredients includes by weight: mushroom dreg 45~55 parts;The peat composed of rotten mosses 18~22 parts;Oil cake 8 ~12 parts;Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13~16 parts;And aminoacid 4~6 parts;
The mass ratio that described fertilizer and described inorganic fertilizer carry out compounding is 1:(1.4~1.7).
Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described inorganic fertilizer includes sulphuric acid Ammonium, carbamide, MAP, nitrophosphate fertilizer, potassium chloride and potassium sulfate.
Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described inorganic fertilizer is by weight Meter includes: described ammonium sulfate 90~110 parts, described carbamide 170~190 parts, described MAP 170~190 parts, described nitric acid Phosphate fertilizer 15~25 parts, described potassium chloride 85~95 parts and described potassium sulfate 90~110 parts.
4. the preparation method of a Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Material preparation step, gets the raw materials ready based on following weight portion: mushroom dreg 45~55 parts;The peat composed of rotten mosses 18~22 parts;Oil cake 8~12 Part;Herba Artemisiae Annuae 13~16 parts;Aminoacid 4~6 parts;
Fermentation step: by laggard for the mixing of described mushroom dreg, the described peat composed of rotten mosses, described oil cake, described Herba Artemisiae Annuae and described aminoacid Row fermentation;
Drying steps: be dried by the tunning formed after described fermentation step, forms fertilizer;
Compounding step: by described fertilizer with inorganic fertilizer by 1:(1.4~1.7) mass ratio mix.
The preparation method of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described inorganic Fertilizer includes by weight: ammonium sulfate 90~110 parts, carbamide 170~190 parts, MAP 170~190 parts, nitrophosphate fertilizer 15 ~25 parts, potassium chloride 85~95 parts and potassium sulfate 90~110 parts.
The preparation method of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described fermentation Step includes: regulate the biodiversity degree in fermentation system to 40~50%, under conditions of 100~110 DEG C After carrying out sterilizing, it is cooled to room temperature, adds lignocellulose degradation bacterium and ferment, obtain tunning.
The preparation method of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that carry out sterilizing Time be 2~5 hours.
The preparation method of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that ferment Process be: ripening 6~8 hours under conditions of 65~70 DEG C;Natural ripening 6~8 days under aeration condition, obtained afterwards The described tunning entirely become thoroughly decomposed.
The preparation method of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that also include institute Compounding the pulverising step before step after stating drying steps, described pulverising step is described organic fertilizer powder to be broken to granularity be less than Or equal to 1mm.
The preparation method of Citrus organic-inorganic compound mixed fertilizer the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described compounding Mixed process in step mixes for described fertilizer is put into blender stirring with described inorganic fertilizer.
CN201610417113.0A 2016-06-14 2016-06-14 Citrus compound organic and inorganic fertilizer and preparation method thereof Pending CN106083250A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108975998A (en) * 2017-06-05 2018-12-11 湖北垄神肥业股份有限公司 A kind of multielement premix fertilizer
CN109516864A (en) * 2017-09-19 2019-03-26 深圳市芭田生态工程股份有限公司 Citrus special bio compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN111777466A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-16 湖北绿道农业发展有限公司 Organic citrus fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN112136452A (en) * 2020-09-22 2020-12-29 广西茂源科技有限公司 Citrus fertilizer suitable for different phenological periods

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CN101805232A (en) * 2010-05-26 2010-08-18 谢深喜 High-efficiency organic and inorganic compound fertilizer of orange
CN104058884A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-09-24 成都鑫禾联创科技有限公司 Preparation method of compound fertilizer for peppers and compound fertilizer for peppers prepared by preparation method
CN104744088A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-01 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for producing organic fertilizer by using mushroom residues as main raw material

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101805232A (en) * 2010-05-26 2010-08-18 谢深喜 High-efficiency organic and inorganic compound fertilizer of orange
CN104058884A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-09-24 成都鑫禾联创科技有限公司 Preparation method of compound fertilizer for peppers and compound fertilizer for peppers prepared by preparation method
CN104744088A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-01 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for producing organic fertilizer by using mushroom residues as main raw material

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108975998A (en) * 2017-06-05 2018-12-11 湖北垄神肥业股份有限公司 A kind of multielement premix fertilizer
CN109516864A (en) * 2017-09-19 2019-03-26 深圳市芭田生态工程股份有限公司 Citrus special bio compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN111777466A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-16 湖北绿道农业发展有限公司 Organic citrus fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN112136452A (en) * 2020-09-22 2020-12-29 广西茂源科技有限公司 Citrus fertilizer suitable for different phenological periods

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Application publication date: 20161109