CN106069480A - A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106069480A
CN106069480A CN201610435055.4A CN201610435055A CN106069480A CN 106069480 A CN106069480 A CN 106069480A CN 201610435055 A CN201610435055 A CN 201610435055A CN 106069480 A CN106069480 A CN 106069480A
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chachiensis hort
citrus chachiensis
fertilizer
fertile citrus
fertile
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CN201610435055.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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朱锦
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博白县锦兴水果种植专业合作社
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Priority to CN201610435055.4A priority Critical patent/CN106069480A/en
Publication of CN106069480A publication Critical patent/CN106069480A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N31/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic oxygen or sulfur compounds
    • A01N31/02Acyclic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/10Aromatic or araliphatic carboxylic acids, or thio analogues thereof; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/34Nitriles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N47/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid
    • A01N47/08Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid the carbon atom having one or more single bonds to nitrogen atoms
    • A01N47/28Ureas or thioureas containing the groups >N—CO—N< or >N—CS—N<
    • A01N47/34Ureas or thioureas containing the groups >N—CO—N< or >N—CS—N< containing the groups, e.g. biuret; Thio analogues thereof; Urea-aldehyde condensation products
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N47/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid
    • A01N47/40Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid the carbon atom having a double or triple bond to nitrogen, e.g. cyanates, cyanamides
    • A01N47/42Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid the carbon atom having a double or triple bond to nitrogen, e.g. cyanates, cyanamides containing —N=CX2 groups, e.g. isothiourea
    • A01N47/44Guanidine; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/16Heavy metals; Compounds thereof
    • A01N59/20Copper
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/04Double-superphosphate; Triple-superphosphate; Other fertilisers based essentially on monocalcium phosphate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F1/00Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof
    • C05F1/005Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof from meat-wastes or from other wastes of animal origin, e.g. skins, hair, hoofs, feathers, blood
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/04Biological compost

Abstract

The present invention relates to the implantation methods of a kind of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., belong to field of agricultural cultivation, specifically include following steps: first, suitable planting is selected to irrigate the soil of Citrus chachiensis Hort., choose disease-free fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant, be transplanted in soil, use (2.7 3) m:(3.8 3.9) m aspect ratio plantation;Annual frequently thin fertilizer, use by self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium prepare from compound fertilizer making, being spaced 23 months and apply fertilizer, wherein said self-prepared organic fertilizer is made up according to special ratios of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil;Attention control pest and disease damage, cultivates until bearing fruit.The overall implantation methods that the present invention proposes is scientific and reasonable, fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. survival rate of plant can be made high, moreover it is possible to preventing pest and disease damage, save fertilizer, reduce production cost, improve crop per mu yield, gained fruits nutrition enriches, it is adaptable to large scale systemization is bred, and actual operation is strong.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort.

[technical field]

The present invention relates to a kind of dimension stereo agriculture planting method, the implantation methods of a kind of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort..

[technical background]

Fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. is the cenospecies of " temple " Fructus Citri tangerinae orange and " Dan Xi " red Fructus Citri tangerinae.This kind belongs to late-maturing Citrus after Cross Pollination kind.Raw Growing way is strong, and the tree crown initial stage is nature globular model, progressively opens a business after result, and branch top has short thorn.Fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. not only taste is fragrant and sweet, also has Having the highest nutritive value, it contains soluble solid 13.3%, titratable acid 0.58%, Nulomoline 12.76 grams/100 milli Rise, reducing sugar 6.84 grams/100 milliliters, Vc content 23.69 milligrams/100 milliliters, Gu acid ratio 22.9.Edible rate 74.62%, juice Rate 59.56%.

The period of maturation of tradition Citrus is about annual December, and tradition Citrus are carried out breed improvement and complete sets of Techniques After, the fruit maturation phase be deferred to February next year after Citrus just belong to late-maturing Citrus.This fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. and common late-maturing Citrus compared with Coming, the extension tree phase can extend to about June next year especially, is " the late-maturing king " in typical Citrus.Moreover, this Citrus chachiensis Hort. The sugar content of Fructus Citri tangerinae is also significantly larger than common Citrus, has evening in period of maturation, collecting period length, that tasty mouthfeel is tasty and refreshing, peel easily etc. is all Many advantages.Along with expanding economy, the mouthfeel of fruit and the pursuit of health degree are the most gradually strengthened by people, in these areas excellent Point makes the market demand of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. day by day double, and therefore irrigates Citrus chachiensis Hort. industry and has wide market prospect and economic benefit at home.

At present, when giving fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. applying fruit trees with fertilizer, there is also method not science and fertilising position phenomenon improperly.Great majority People position of applying fertilizer, close to trunk, not only reduces the utilization rate of fertilizer, and has injured fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. Seedling main root, the fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. Seedling of impact Take root, yield positive results, cause the underproduction.In a word, the problem that present stage exists the fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. of plantation also includes: the fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. soil of plantation is chosen The problems such as unreasonable, applying fertilizer nutrition is unbalanced, and planting process manages not science, and fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. poor growth, fruit are little, cause planting Plant the production time length of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. and yield is the highest.

[summary of the invention]

For the problems referred to above, the present invention proposes the implantation methods of a kind of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., the overall implantation methods that the method proposes Make fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. survival rate of plant high, moreover it is possible to prevent pest and disease damage, save fertilizer, reduce production cost, improve crop per mu yield, gained fruit Real nutritious, it is adaptable to large scale systemization is bred, and actual operation is strong.

Technical scheme is as follows:

A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., described implantation methods comprises the following steps:

(1) addressing: select the deep 60-70 of soil soil layer, the physical features gradient is less than 25 °, and traffic, the soil that water condition is good are made For fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting site;

(2) Seedling is selected: the height choosing fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is 13-15cm, it is ensured that selected fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. root system is complete, and does not carry Citrus chachiensis Hort. Fructus Citri tangerinae yellow twig, Peptic Ulcers or decline disease;Before fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is planted, on every strain root system, spray 2-3ml taking root liquid;

(3) plantation: implantation time is selected in the 2-3 month, uses (2.7-3) m:(3.8-3.9) the aspect ratio plantation of m, dig field planting Cave, wherein, cave is deep, width is respectively 20cm, the root system of described for step (2) fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is put into planting pit central authorities, unfolds root system, hold up Just, banket while upwards propose Seedling, having peace of mind, water and determine root water;

(4) fertilising: executing self-control compound organic fertilizer at interval of 2-3 month, fertilization mode is: be fruit tree crown diameter outer rim in scope 1-1.5 times at, dig the degree of depth be 8-10cm, width be the annular ditch of 10-15cm, in described annular ditch imbed fertilizer;

Wherein, described self-control compound organic fertilizer includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, according to weight ratio is successively 300:(4-6): (1-2): (2-3) mixes, and total consumption is (20-80) kg/ mu;Wherein, described self-prepared organic fertilizer by mass ratio is (10-15): (10-12): (2-5): (3-6): (7-10): (6-9): the fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch of (4-7), rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, flower Raw shell, sheep stool, night soil mixed fermentation prepare;

(5) insect protected: trophophase attention control pest and disease damage, sprayed an insecticide at interval of 1-2 month.

Further, in step (1), the pH value of described fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting site is 5.5-7.0.

Further, in step (2), the raw material of described taking root liquid includes: (0.5-1) %wt thiophanate-methyl, (1- 2) %wt naphthalene acetic acid, (1-2) %wt Bravo, (0.2-1) %wt boric acid, remaining is water.

Further, in step (4), described self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method: the fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch of collection, Rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil;Then fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw are cut into 3-5cm segment, then with egg Shell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil are (10-15) according to mass ratio successively: (10-12): (2-5): (3-6): (7- 10): (6-9): (4-7) mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 10-15d, described self-prepared organic fertilizer is obtained.

Further, in step (4), described phosphate fertilizer is triple superphosphate or ground phosphate rock, and potash fertilizer is potassium sulfate or potassium phosphate,monobasic, Fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium carbonate or magnesium nitrate.

Further, in step (5), described insecticide is by the ethanol of 1%wt, the network ammonia copper mixed diluting of 15%wt 200-300 times obtains diluent a, the agricultural streptomycin of 50%wt is diluted 1000 times and obtains diluent b, by diluent a and diluent b Being mixed to get, each fountain height of insecticide is 14-15kg/ mu.

Material used in the present invention has following effect:

The raw material that self-prepared organic fertilizer is selected includes: fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, human excrement Urine.Wherein irrigating Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch is the prior year to plant remaining residue, wherein contains a large amount of benefit materials to fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant strain growth, this Invention re-uses this part resource, not only solves the use problem of the fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch of residue, also substantially increases the product of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. Amount;Containing a large amount of phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium element in rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, the growth of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. is had important by these elements Effect, and the biological nature of these materials, can also play effect of chesson and ventilation in soil, carry for fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant Supply optimal growing environment;Sheep stool, night soil then provide the fertile necessary organic composition of Citrus chachiensis Hort. growth for soil.

The invention provides the implantation methods of a kind of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., relative to prior art, it has the beneficial effects that:

The present invention by with fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil for raw material prepare from Fertilizer processed and phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium are arranged in pairs or groups by a certain percentage and are mixed from compound fertilizer making, can be that fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant strain growth carries For the most comprehensively nutrient, improve structure and the character of soil simultaneously, increase soil fertility, may also function as certain sterilization The effect of deinsectization, for the condition that the growth offer of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. is excellent;It addition, utilize agricultural waste material ferment composting material, become give up into Precious, it is achieved rationally recycling of resource, it is to avoid the waste of resource, and reduce production cost.

It addition, the present invention the most strictly controls at the links of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting process.First, in the selection in soil, choosing Fetch earth layer depth 60-70, and the physical features gradient is less than 25 °, and the good soil of traffic, water condition is as fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting site;Secondly, fertile Before the plantation of Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant, spray appropriate root-growing agent in its root, improve the survival rate of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant, then, by growth The control of environment, regular frequently thin fertilizer, fertilising distance trunk, apart from moderate, can not only improve the utilization rate of fertilizer, it is ensured that fertile The survival rate of Citrus chachiensis Hort. and preferable growing state, reach the purpose of increasing both production and income;Further, periodically to fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant spraying insecticide, Prevent disease pest from endangering.

In a word, the overall implantation methods that the present invention proposes is scientific and reasonable, fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. survival rate of plant can be made high, moreover it is possible to prevent disease Insect pest, saves fertilizer, reduces production cost, improves crop per mu yield, and gained fruits nutrition enriches, it is adaptable to large scale system Breeding, actual operation is strong.

[detailed description of the invention]

The following examples can help those skilled in the art to be more completely understood by the present invention, but cannot be with any Mode limits the present invention.

Embodiment 1

A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., described implantation methods comprises the following steps:

(1) addressing: selecting soil soil layer deep 60, pH value is 5.5, and the physical features gradient is 25 °, traffic, water condition are good Soil is as fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting site;

(2) Seedling is selected: the height choosing fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is 13cm, it is ensured that selected fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. root system is complete, and does not carry mandarin orange Yellow twig, Peptic Ulcers or decline disease;Before fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is planted, on every strain root system, spray 2ml taking root liquid;Wherein, described life The raw material of root liquid includes: 0.5%wt thiophanate-methyl, 1%wt naphthalene acetic acid, 1%wt Bravo, 0.2%wt boric acid, and remaining is Water;

(3) plantation: implantation time is selected in February, uses the aspect ratio plantation of 2.7m:3.8m, digs planting pit, wherein, cave is deep, Width is respectively 20cm, the root system of described for step (2) fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is put into planting pit central authorities, unfold root system, righting, banket while to On propose Seedling, having peace of mind, water and determine root water;

(4) fertilising: executing self-control compound organic fertilizer at interval of 2 months, fertilization mode is: be fruit tree crown diameter outer rim in scope At 1 times, dig the degree of depth be 8cm, width be the annular ditch of 10cm, in described annular ditch imbed fertilizer;

Wherein, described self-control compound organic fertilizer includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, according to weight ratio is successively 300:4:1:2 mixes, and total consumption is 20kg/ mu;Wherein, described self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method: collect fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil;Then fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw are cut into 3cm segment, then It is that 10:10:2:3:7:6:4 is mixed homogeneously according to mass ratio successively with eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil, piles up Fermentation 10d, obtains described self-prepared organic fertilizer;Wherein, described phosphate fertilizer is triple superphosphate, and potash fertilizer is potassium sulfate, and fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium carbonate;

(5) insect protected: trophophase attention control pest and disease damage, at interval of 1 month spray an insecticide, described insecticide be by The ethanol of 1%wt, the network ammonia copper mixed diluting 200 times of 15%wt obtain diluent a, and the agricultural streptomycin of 50%wt is diluted 1000 Obtaining diluent b again, be mixed to get with diluent b by diluent a, each fountain height of insecticide is 14kg/ mu.

Embodiment 2

A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., described implantation methods comprises the following steps:

(1) addressing: selecting soil soil layer deep 70, pH value is 7.0, and the physical features gradient is 18 °, traffic, water condition are good Soil is as fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting site;

(2) Seedling is selected: the height choosing fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is 15cm, it is ensured that selected fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. root system is complete, and does not carry mandarin orange Yellow twig, Peptic Ulcers or decline disease;Before fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is planted, on every strain root system, spray 3ml taking root liquid;Wherein, described life The raw material of root liquid includes: 1%wt thiophanate-methyl, 2%wt naphthalene acetic acid, 2%wt Bravo, 1%wt boric acid, and remaining is water;

(3) plantation: implantation time is selected in March, uses the aspect ratio plantation of 3m:3.9m, digs planting pit, and wherein, cave is deep, wide It is respectively 20cm, the root system of described for step (2) fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is put into planting pit central authorities, unfolds root system, righting, banket while upwards Propose Seedling, having peace of mind, water and determine root water;

(4) fertilising: executing self-control compound organic fertilizer at interval of 3 months, fertilization mode is: be fruit tree crown diameter outer rim in scope At 1.5 times, dig the degree of depth be 10cm, width be the annular ditch of 15cm, in described annular ditch imbed fertilizer;

Wherein, described self-control compound organic fertilizer includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, according to weight ratio is successively 300:6:2:3 mixes, and total consumption is 80kg/ mu;Wherein, described self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method: collect fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil;Then fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw are cut into 5cm segment, then It is that 15:12:5:6:10:9:7 is mixed homogeneously according to mass ratio successively with eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil, piles up Fermentation 15d, obtains described self-prepared organic fertilizer;Wherein, described phosphate fertilizer is ground phosphate rock, and potash fertilizer is potassium phosphate,monobasic, and fertiliser containing magnesium is nitric acid Magnesium;

(5) insect protected: trophophase attention control pest and disease damage, at interval of 2 months spray an insecticide, described insecticide be by The ethanol of 1%wt, the network ammonia copper mixed diluting 300 times of 15%wt obtain diluent a, and the agricultural streptomycin of 50%wt is diluted 1000 Obtaining diluent b again, be mixed to get with diluent b by diluent a, each fountain height of insecticide is 15kg/ mu.

Embodiment 3

A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., described implantation methods comprises the following steps:

(1) addressing: selecting soil soil layer deep 64, pH value is 6.0, and the physical features gradient is 10 °, traffic, water condition are good Soil is as fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting site;

(2) Seedling is selected: the height choosing fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is 14cm, it is ensured that selected fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. root system is complete, and does not carry mandarin orange Yellow twig, Peptic Ulcers or decline disease;Before fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is planted, on every strain root system, spray 2.5ml taking root liquid;Wherein, described The raw material of taking root liquid includes: 0.8%wt thiophanate-methyl, 1.5%wt naphthalene acetic acid, 1.5%wt Bravo, 0.4%wt boric acid, its Yu Weishui;

(3) plantation: implantation time is selected in February, uses the aspect ratio plantation of 2.8m:3.8m, digs planting pit, wherein, cave is deep, Width is respectively 20cm, the root system of described for step (2) fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is put into planting pit central authorities, unfold root system, righting, banket while to On propose Seedling, having peace of mind, water and determine root water;

(4) fertilising: executing self-control compound organic fertilizer at interval of 2 months, fertilization mode is: be fruit tree crown diameter outer rim in scope At 1.2 times, dig the degree of depth be 9cm, width be the annular ditch of 12cm, in described annular ditch imbed fertilizer;

Wherein, described self-control compound organic fertilizer includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, according to weight ratio is successively 300:5:1:3 mixes, and total consumption is 40kg/ mu;Wherein, described self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method: collect fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil;Then fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw are cut into 4cm segment, then It is that 12:11:3:4:8:7:5 is mixed homogeneously according to mass ratio successively with eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil, piles up Fermentation 12d, obtains described self-prepared organic fertilizer;Wherein, described phosphate fertilizer is triple superphosphate, and potash fertilizer is potassium phosphate,monobasic, and fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium nitrate;

(5) insect protected: trophophase attention control pest and disease damage, at interval of 2 months spray an insecticide, described insecticide be by The ethanol of 1%wt, the network ammonia copper mixed diluting 220 times of 15%wt obtain diluent a, and the agricultural streptomycin of 50%wt is diluted 1000 Obtaining diluent b again, be mixed to get with diluent b by diluent a, each fountain height of insecticide is 15kg/ mu.

Embodiment 4

A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., described implantation methods comprises the following steps:

(1) addressing: selecting soil soil layer deep 63, pH value is 6.5, and the physical features gradient is 0 °, traffic, the soil that water condition is good Ground is as fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting site;

(2) Seedling is selected: the height choosing fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is 14cm, it is ensured that selected fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. root system is complete, and does not carry mandarin orange Yellow twig, Peptic Ulcers or decline disease;Before fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is planted, on every strain root system, spray 3ml taking root liquid;Wherein, described life The raw material of root liquid includes: 1%wt thiophanate-methyl, 2%wt naphthalene acetic acid, 1%wt Bravo, 0.8%wt boric acid, and remaining is water;

(3) plantation: implantation time is selected in March, uses the aspect ratio plantation of 2.9m:3.8m, digs planting pit, wherein, cave is deep, Width is respectively 20cm, the root system of described for step (2) fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is put into planting pit central authorities, unfold root system, righting, banket while to On propose Seedling, having peace of mind, water and determine root water;

(4) fertilising: executing self-control compound organic fertilizer at interval of 3 months, fertilization mode is: be fruit tree crown diameter outer rim in scope At 1.4 times, dig the degree of depth be 10cm, width be the annular ditch of 13cm, in described annular ditch imbed fertilizer;

Wherein, described self-control compound organic fertilizer includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, according to weight ratio is successively 300:4:1:2 mixes, and total consumption is 60kg/ mu;Wherein, described self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method: collect fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil;Then fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw are cut into 5cm segment, then It is that 13:11:4:5:9:8:6 is mixed homogeneously according to mass ratio successively with eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil, piles up Fermentation 13d, obtains described self-prepared organic fertilizer;Wherein, described phosphate fertilizer is ground phosphate rock, and potash fertilizer is potassium sulfate, and fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium carbonate;

(5) insect protected: trophophase attention control pest and disease damage, at interval of 2 months spray an insecticide, described insecticide be by The ethanol of 1%wt, the network ammonia copper mixed diluting 270 times of 15%wt obtain diluent a, and the agricultural streptomycin of 50%wt is diluted 1000 Obtaining diluent b again, be mixed to get with diluent b by diluent a, each fountain height of insecticide is 14kg/ mu.

Experiment case study

The inventive method is through a large amount of field experiments, to same kind of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., will take the implantation methods institute of the present invention Obtain fruit a, record its average each growing state and nutritive element content, then enter with using general planting mode gained fruit b Row contrast, fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. average production situation is shown in Table 1.

Citrus chachiensis Hort. average production situation irrigated by table 1

Can be seen that from above-mentioned table 1 implantation methods using the present invention to irrigate Citrus chachiensis Hort. is planted, the fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. yield obtained is high, Outward appearance is good, encroaches on without disease pest, the single heavier-weight of produced fruit, and edible rate is high, contained nutrient substance more horn of plenty.

Although, the present invention is described in detail the most with a general description of the specific embodiments, but On the basis of the present invention, can make some modifications or improvements it, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Cause This, these modifications or improvements without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention, belong to the scope of protection of present invention.

Claims (6)

1. the implantation methods of a fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort., it is characterised in that described implantation methods comprises the following steps:
(1) addressing: select the deep 60-70 of soil soil layer, the physical features gradient is less than 25 °, and the good soil of traffic, water condition is as fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting site;
(2) select Seedling: the height choosing fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is 13-15cm, it is ensured that selected fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. root system is complete, and it is yellow not carry mandarin orange Dragon disease, Peptic Ulcers or decline disease;Before fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is planted, on every strain root system, spray 2-3ml taking root liquid;
(3) plantation: implantation time is selected in the 2-3 month, uses (2.7-3) m:(3.8-3.9) the aspect ratio plantation of m, dig planting pit, its In, cave is deep, width is respectively 20cm, the root system of described for step (2) fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. plant is put into planting pit central authorities, unfolds root system, righting, limit Limit of banketing upwards proposes Seedling, having peace of mind, waters and determines root water;
(4) fertilising: executing self-control compound organic fertilizer at interval of 2-3 month, fertilization mode is: at the 1-that scope is fruit tree crown diameter outer rim At 1.5 times, dig the degree of depth be 8-10cm, width be the annular ditch of 10-15cm, in described annular ditch imbed fertilizer;
Wherein, described self-control compound organic fertilizer includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, is 300 according to weight ratio successively: (4-6): (1-2): (2-3) mixes, and total consumption is 20-80kg/ mu;Wherein, described self-prepared organic fertilizer is (10-by mass ratio 15): (10-12): (2-5): (3-6): (7-10): (6-9): the fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch of (4-7), rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, Sheep stool, night soil mixed fermentation prepare;
(5) insect protected: trophophase attention control pest and disease damage, sprayed an insecticide at interval of 1-2 month.
The implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (1), described fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. planting site PH value be 5.5-7.0.
The implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (2), described taking root liquid former Material includes: (0.5-1) %wt thiophanate-methyl, (1-2) %wt naphthalene acetic acid, (1-2) %wt Bravo, (0.2-1) %wt boric acid, Remaining is water.
The implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (4), described self-prepared organic fertilizer It is made by the following method: collect fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw, eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil;Then will Fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. corruption branch, rice straw are cut into 3-5cm segment, then with eggshell, Fructus Citri tangerinae skin, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sheep stool, night soil according to mass ratio are successively (10-15): (10-12): (2-5): (3-6): (7-10): (6-9): (4-7) mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 10-15d, institute is obtained State self-prepared organic fertilizer.
The implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (4), described phosphate fertilizer is triple superphosphate Or ground phosphate rock, potash fertilizer is potassium sulfate or potassium phosphate,monobasic, and fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium carbonate or magnesium nitrate.
The implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (5), described insecticide be by The ethanol of 1%wt, network ammonia copper mixed diluting 200-300 times of 15%wt obtain diluent a, are diluted by the agricultural streptomycin of 50%wt 1000 times obtain diluent b, are mixed to get with diluent b by diluent a, and each fountain height of insecticide is 14-15kg/ mu.
CN201610435055.4A 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort. CN106069480A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN106561396A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-04-19 韦声荣 Root-set cultivation method for smooth-peel kumquats
CN106576739A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-04-26 李根梅 Muskmelon planting method
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CN106717803A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 南丹县三丰绿色生态农牧开发有限责任公司(微型企业) A kind of implantation methods of cumquat
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CN107371960A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-11-24 广西驰胜农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of fertile mandarin orange
CN108901549A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-30 广西农垦国有明阳农场 The fertile efficient implantation methods of mandarin orange
CN109105113A (en) * 2018-07-19 2019-01-01 四川天水缘生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of fertile mandarin orange high-yield planting method
CN109121939A (en) * 2018-07-20 2019-01-04 博白县百家水果专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for preventing and treating fertile mandarin orange aphid

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Application publication date: 20161109