CN105272417A - Fruit tree fertilizer, preparation method of fruit tree fertilizer and fertilizing method of fruit tree fertilizer - Google Patents

Fruit tree fertilizer, preparation method of fruit tree fertilizer and fertilizing method of fruit tree fertilizer Download PDF

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CN105272417A
CN105272417A CN201510709012.6A CN201510709012A CN105272417A CN 105272417 A CN105272417 A CN 105272417A CN 201510709012 A CN201510709012 A CN 201510709012A CN 105272417 A CN105272417 A CN 105272417A
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fruit tree
fertilizer
fruit
dry
tree fertilizer
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葛钦
从秀娥
葛海帅
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葛钦
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a fruit tree fertilizer, a reparation method of the fruit tree fertilizer and a fertilizing method of the fruit tree fertilizer and relates to the field of fertilizers. The problems of single nutrition, relatively high cost and chemical pollution of the current fruit tree fertilizer are solved. The raw materials of the fruit tree fertilizer provided by the invention consist of the following components in percentage by weight: 46 to 65 percent of dry sheep manure, 15 to 25 percent of dry cow dung, 5 to 10 percent of dry horse manure, 5 to 10 percent of dry chicken manure, 2 to 4 percent of plant oil residue, 1 to 2 percent of egg shell meal, 1 to 1.5 percent of corn stalk, 1 to 1.5 percent of oil sunflower stalk, 0.5 to 1 percent of tree branch and 0.5 to 1 percent of grass leaf. The fruit tree fertilizer provided by the invention has the advantages of rich nutrition, environment friendliness, low cost and promoting the fruit tree yield.

Description

Fruit tree fertilizer and preparation method thereof and fertilizing method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer field, particularly relate to the fertilizing method of a kind of fruit tree fertilizer and preparation method thereof and fruit tree fertilizer.
Background technology
Fertilizer is the compound helping plant-growth, and it is of a great variety, is divided into mineral manure and organic fertilizer according to composition, and fertilizer is usually directly used in soil or is sprayed on blade.It is main fertilizer that current fruit tree commonly uses fertilizer with chemical fertilizer such as quick-acting chemical fertilizer or urea, and chemical fertilizer nutritive ingredient is single, and environmental pollution is large, cause that fruit tree resistance against diseases is low, fruit is little, fruit is intense darkness without light, and mouthfeel is not good, even unsalable, directly affects economic benefit.Especially for the planting fruit trees district built according to pastoral area, because of long-term overuse of chemical fertilizer, easily soil compaction is caused, destroy grassland, pastoral area, have impact on livestock industry, compromise fruit tree growth, have impact on plant husbandry, and the production cost of chemical fertilizer is also higher, adds the economical load of orchard worker.
For reaching fruit tree volume increase, reduce fruit tree fertilizer cost, protection of the environment, now need develop a kind of environmental protection, nutritional sufficiency and organic fertilizer with low cost.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, embodiments provide the fertilizing method of a kind of fruit tree fertilizer and preparation method thereof and fruit tree fertilizer, main purpose is to provide a kind of nutritious, environmental protection and fruit tree fertilizer with low cost.
For achieving the above object, invention broadly provides following technical scheme:
On the one hand, the invention provides a kind of fruit tree fertilizer, its raw material is made up of the component of following weight percentage: dry sheep excrement 46%-65%, dry cow dung 15%-25%, dry horsehit 5%-10%, dried poultrymanure 5%-10%, vegetable oil residue 2%-4%, egg-shell meal 1%-2%, maize straw 1%-1.5%, oil certain herbaceous plants with big flowers stalk 1%-1.5%, branch 0.5%-1%, green grass leaf 0.5%-1%.
As preferably, its raw material is made up of the component of following weight percentage: dry sheep excrement 54%-57%, dry cow dung 18%-22%, dry horsehit 7%-8%, dried poultrymanure 7%-8%, vegetable oil residue 3%, egg-shell meal 1.5%, maize straw 1%, oil certain herbaceous plants with big flowers stalk 1%, branch 0.8%, green grass leaf 0.7%.
As preferably, described dry sheep excrement, dry cow dung, dry horsehit and dried poultrymanure all take from the cattle-producing area of planting fruit trees ground periphery, and described vegetable oil residue is the discarded plant dregs of fat of oil pressing factory.
As preferably, described egg-shell meal is dried and be ground into powder by the discarded eggshell of food processing plant to obtain, and described branch is the fruit tree that annual spring and autumn shears off from fruit tree.
On the other hand, the invention provides the preparation method of above-mentioned fruit tree fertilizer, raw material pulverizing is mixed to form basic material, described basic material is adopted to carry out compost fermentation, described basic material is divided into 3-6 layer basic material layer by rice bran and/or wheat bran and forms fertile heap, is coated with plastics film in the outside of described fertilizer heap, when the inside leavening temperature of described fertilizer heap is 45 DEG C-50 DEG C, stir once by described fertilizer heap, the fermentation time of described fertilizer heap is 7-15 days.
As preferably, all long 5m-7m of described basic material layer, all wide 1m-2m, all thick 20cm-30cm; Ambient temperature during compost is 25 DEG C-30 DEG C.
Another aspect, the invention provides the fertilizing method of above-mentioned fruit tree fertilizer, fruit seed plants early stage, digging the degree of depth is 0.8m-1.2m, width is the tree well of 0.85m-0.95m, is sprinkled into the mixture of described fruit tree fertilizer and earth in described tree well, is planted by fruit tree in described tree well, tamp by backfill soil, finally pour water.
Another aspect, the invention provides the fertilizing method of above-mentioned fruit tree fertilizer, fruit tree blooms early stage, centered by the trunk of fruit tree and with 0.7m-0.9m be the circumference place of radius, digging at least 4 diameters is that the circle of 0.2m executes material hole, be sprinkled into described fruit tree fertilizer to described executing in material hole and mix with backfill soil, finally pouring water.
Another aspect, the invention provides the fertilizing method of above-mentioned fruit tree fertilizer, the fruit tree swollen fruit phase, centered by the trunk of fruit tree and with 0.8m-1.0m be the circumference place of radius, digging at least 4 diameters is that the circle of 0.2m executes material hole, be sprinkled into described fruit tree fertilizer to described executing in material hole and mix with backfill soil, finally pouring water.
Another aspect, the invention provides the fertilizing method of above-mentioned fruit tree fertilizer, fruit tree hibernation period, centered by the trunk of fruit tree and with 0.9m-1.1m be the circumference place of radius, digging at least 4 diameters is that the circle of 0.2m executes material hole, be sprinkled into described fruit tree fertilizer to described executing in material hole and mix with backfill soil, finally pouring water.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The present invention is directed to that existing fruit tree fertilizer nutrition is single, cost is higher and there is the technical problem of chemical pollution, utilize animal excrement, agricultural crop straw and vegetable oil residue for raw material, prepare nutritious, environmental protection and fruit tree fertilizer with low cost;
The cattle-producing area of planting fruit trees district periphery is taken from animal excrement in raw material of the present invention, the dregs of fat take from the discarded plant dregs of fat of oil pressing factory, the discarded eggshell of food processing plant taken from by egg-shell meal, gather materials on the spot, not only make rational use of resources, reduce waste pollution, further improve physico-chemical property and the biological activity of soil, avoid the problem destroying grassland, cattle-producing area and growing area fruit tree growth because being implanted with the fruit tree employing chemical fertilizer in cattle-producing area periphery kind.
Embodiment
For further setting forth the present invention for the technique means reaching predetermined goal of the invention and take and effect, below with preferred embodiment, to according to the embodiment of the present patent application, technical scheme, feature and effect thereof, be described in detail as follows.Special characteristic, structure or feature in multiple embodiments in following explanation can be combined by any suitable form.
Embodiment 1
Prepare the raw material of following weight percentage, the discarded plant dregs of fat 4% of dry sheep excrement 65%, dry cow dung 15%, dry horsehit 6%, dried poultrymanure 6%, oil pressing factory, egg-shell meal 1%, maize straw 1%, oily certain herbaceous plants with big flowers stalk 1%, branch 0.5% and green grass leaf 0.5%;
Stirrer mixing and stirring basis of formation raw material will be put into according to the above ratio after above-mentioned each raw material pulverizing, adopt the rotten method compost of heap, concrete floor is laid long 5m, wide 1m, the first layer basic material layer of thick 20m, very thinly on the first layer basic material layer sprinkle one deck rice bran, second layer basic material layer is laid again on rice bran layer, second layer basic material layer sprinkles one deck rice bran thinly, third layer basic material layer is laid again on rice bran layer, the length of above-mentioned three layers of basic material layer, wide and thickness is identical, above-mentioned three layers of basic material layer form a fertile heap, start to ferment in the outermost parcel layer of plastic film of above-mentioned fertilizer heap, the rice bran be sprinkled in basic material when preparing fertile heap can promote growth, good permeability, contributes to fermentation, can improve ferment effect, also can be used as fertilizer fermentation simultaneously, sprinkle water on basic material according to practical situation when preparing fertile heap or animals urine ferments to form wet environment promotion,
During compost, ambient temperature is 25 DEG C, ferment the 3rd day, by in thermometer radom insertion fertilizer heap, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 45 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, ferment the 5th day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 46 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, ferment the 6th day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 46.5 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, all principles stirred are for inside is to turning up, top is turned over downwards, mutual original fermentation position, ferment the 7th day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 46 DEG C, to the smell of the fertilizer heap fermented product of the 7th day, color, after form and temperature carry out sampling Detection, find that the fermented product of fertile heap fermentation after seven days has reached black, rotten and smelly degree, show substantially to become thoroughly decomposed, meet service requirements, this fermented product can be used as fruit tree fertilizer and uses.
Embodiment 2
Prepare the raw material of following weight percentage, the discarded plant dregs of fat 4% of dry sheep excrement 60%, dry cow dung 20%, dry horsehit 7%, dried poultrymanure 3%, oil pressing factory, egg-shell meal 2%, maize straw 1.5%, oily certain herbaceous plants with big flowers stalk 1.5%, branch 0.5% and green grass leaf 0.5%;
Stirrer mixing and stirring basis of formation raw material will be put into according to the above ratio after above-mentioned each raw material pulverizing, adopt the rotten method compost of heap, at concrete floor upper berth growth 6m, wide 1.5m, the first layer basic material layer of thick 25m, very thinly on the first layer basic material layer sprinkle one deck wheat bran, second layer basic material layer is laid again on wheat bran layer, second layer basic material layer sprinkles one deck wheat bran thinly, third layer basic material layer is laid again on wheat bran layer, third layer basic material layer sprinkles one deck wheat bran thinly, the 4th layer of basic material layer is laid again on wheat bran layer, the length of four layers of basic material layer, wide and thickness is identical, above-mentioned four layers of basic material layer form fertile heap, start to ferment in the outermost parcel layer of plastic film of fertilizer heap, the wheat bran be sprinkled in basic material when preparing fertile heap can promote growth, good permeability, contributes to fermentation, can improve ferment effect, also can be used as fertilizer fermentation simultaneously, sprinkle water on basic material according to practical situation when preparing fertile heap or animals urine ferments to form wet environment promotion,
During compost, ambient temperature is 28 DEG C, ferment the 3rd day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 45 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, ferment the 5th day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 46 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, ferment the 7th day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 46.5 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, ferment the 9th day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 48 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, all principles stirred are for inside is to turning up, top is turned over downwards, mutual original fermentation position, ferment the tenth day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 48.5 DEG C, to the smell of the fertilizer heap fermented product of the tenth day, color, after form and temperature carry out sampling Detection, find that the fertile heap fermentation fermented product of ten days has reached black, rotten and smelly degree, show substantially to become thoroughly decomposed, meet service requirements, this fermented product can be used as fruit tree fertilizer and uses.
Embodiment 3
Prepare the raw material of following weight percentage, the discarded plant dregs of fat 2% of dry sheep excrement 65%, dry cow dung 20%, dry horsehit 5%, dried poultrymanure 4%, oil pressing factory, egg-shell meal 1%, maize straw 1%, oily certain herbaceous plants with big flowers stalk 1%, branch 0.5% and green grass leaf 0.5%;
Stirrer mixing and stirring basis of formation raw material will be put into according to the above ratio after above-mentioned each raw material pulverizing, adopt the rotten method compost of heap, at concrete floor upper berth growth 7m, wide 2m, the first layer basic material layer of thick 30m, the mixture sprinkling one deck wheat bran and rice bran very thin on the first layer basic material layer, second layer basic material layer is laid again on wheat bran and rice bran layer, second layer fertilizer heap sprinkles the mixture of one deck wheat bran and rice bran thinly, third layer basic material layer is laid again on wheat bran and rice bran layer, third layer basic material layer sprinkles the mixture of one deck wheat bran and rice bran thinly, the 4th layer of basic material layer is laid again on wheat bran and rice bran layer, 4th layer of fertile heap sprinkles the mixture of one deck wheat bran and rice bran thinly, layer 5 basic material layer is laid again on wheat bran and rice bran layer, layer 5 fertilizer heap sprinkles the mixture of one deck wheat bran and rice bran thinly, layer 6 basic material layer is laid again on wheat bran and rice bran layer, the length of six layers of basic material layer, wide and thickness is identical, six layers of basic material layer form fertile heap, start to ferment in the outermost parcel layer of plastic film of fertilizer heap, the rice bran be sprinkled in basic material when preparing fertile heap and the mixture of wheat bran can promote growth, good permeability, contribute to fermentation, can improve ferment effect, also can be used as fertilizer fermentation simultaneously, sprinkle water on basic material according to practical situation when preparing fertile heap or animals urine ferments to form wet environment promotion,
During compost, ambient temperature is 30 DEG C, ferment the 4th day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 45 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, ferment the 6th day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 46 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, ferment the 9th day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 47 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, ferment the 12 day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 49 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, ferment the 13 day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 50 DEG C, now fertilizer heap is stirred once slowly, all principles stirred are for inside is to turning up, top is turned over downwards, mutual original fermentation position, ferment the 15 day, the internal temperature measuring fertile heap is 50.2 DEG C, to the smell of the fertilizer heap fermented product of the 15 day, color, after form and temperature carry out sampling Detection, find that the fertile heap fermentation fermented product of 15 days has reached black, rotten and smelly degree, show substantially to become thoroughly decomposed, meet service requirements, this fermented product can be used as fruit tree fertilizer and uses.
Embodiment 4
Embodiment 4 difference from Example 1 is, raw material is made up of the component of following weight percentage: dry sheep excrement 46%, dry cow dung 25%, dry horsehit 10%, dried poultrymanure 9%, the discarded plant dregs of fat 4% of oil pressing factory, egg-shell meal 1%, maize straw 1.5%, oily certain herbaceous plants with big flowers stalk 1.5%, branch 1%, green grass leaf 1%.
Comparative example 1
Comparative example 1 difference from Example 1 is, raw material is made up of the component of following weight percentage: dry horsehit 95%, maize straw 3%, branch 1% and green grass leaf 1%.
Comparative example 2
Comparative example 2 difference from Example 2 is, raw material is made up of the component of following weight percentage: dried poultrymanure 80%, dry horsehit 15%, maize straw 3%, branch 1% and green grass leaf 1%.
Embodiments provide the fertilizing method of above-mentioned fruit tree fertilizer at different times, specific as follows:
Fruit seed plants early stage, and digging a degree of depth with spade is 0.8m-1.2m, and width is the tree well of 0.85m-0.95m, is sprinkled into the mixture of above-mentioned fruit tree fertilizer and earth, fruit tree kind is entered in above-mentioned tree well, tamp by backfill soil, finally pour water in above-mentioned tree well.
Fruit tree blooms early stage, is being the circumference place of radius centered by the trunk of fruit tree and with 0.7m-0.9m, and digging at least 4 diameters is that the circle of 0.2m executes material hole, is sprinkled into above-mentioned fruit tree fertilizer and mixes with backfill soil, finally pour water to above-mentioned executing in material hole.
The fruit tree swollen fruit phase, centered by the trunk of fruit tree and with 0.8m-1.0m be the circumference place of radius, digging at least 4 diameters with spade is that the circle of 0.2m executes material hole, is sprinkled into above-mentioned fruit tree fertilizer and mixes with backfill soil, finally pour water to above-mentioned executing in material hole.
Fruit tree hibernation period, centered by the trunk of fruit tree and with 0.9m-1.1m is being the circumference place of radius, and digging at least 4 diameters with spade is that the circle of 0.2m executes material hole, is sprinkled into described fruit tree fertilizer and mixes with backfill soil, finally pour water to above-mentioned executing in material hole.
Preferred as above-described embodiment, the degree of depth of planting the above-mentioned tree well that early stage digs in fruit seed is 0.9m, and width is 0.9m rice; By practice contrast, the tree well of this width and the degree of depth, after having laid base fertilizer, size has just been applicable to the fruit tree seedling that root cap size is 0.3m-0.6m.
Preferred as above-described embodiment, the radius of the above-mentioned circumference of blooming early stage fruit tree is 0.8m; Fruit tree duration of flowering needs to consume a large amount of nutrient, this fertilising practice is chosen and within 6-15 days, is advisable early stage of blooming, be convenient at the enough nutrients of florescence supply, strengthen fruit tree in the resistance against diseases at florescence, to be the object of 0.8m be fertilising radius of a circle avoids fertilising state gold affect fruit tree root growing or avoid applying fertilizer and formerly cause nutrient not in time.
Preferred as above-described embodiment, above-mentioned executing expects that hole respectively digs one at four corners of the world four direction, totally four, or along above-mentioned circumference one enclose equally spaced dig six or eight execute material hole, execute material hole quantity can according to execute material hole the degree of depth and determine, execute material cheat darker, quantity is fewer, execute material hole more shallow, quantity is more, execute material cheat dark too much or be shallowly very fewly all unfavorable for fruit tree growth.
Preferred as above-described embodiment, above-mentioned to execute material hole be that an annular interconnected centered by trunk executes material canal, and the above-mentioned width executing material canal is 0.2m.
Preferred as above-described embodiment, in the fruit tree swollen fruit phase, the radius of above-mentioned circumference is 0.9m.
Preferred as above-described embodiment, at fruit tree hibernation period, the radius of above-mentioned circumference is 1.0m.
Along with growing up gradually of fruit tree, root system grows prosperity gradually, the landholding that root system touches is increasing, dig execute material hole time, must consider that executing material hole need grow up along with fruit tree with the distance of trunk and amplify gradually, of the present inventionly executing in material method, adopt above-mentioned thinking exactly, being adjusted to 0.8,0.9 and 1.0m by executing material hole with the distance of trunks of fruit trees along with the growth of fruit tree; By the guiding of gradually method fertilising far away, stimulate the root system of fruit tree distally to extend and draw more nutrients, root system reaches all the more, and the growth of fruit tree is more strong, and resistance against diseases and output also increase.
Fruit tree fertilizer prepared by above-described embodiment 1-4 adopted above-mentioned fertilizing method to impose on fruit tree to bloom early stage and fruit tree swollen fruit phase, after fruit tree yields positive results, observe that fruit tree fruiting rate is higher, fruit yielded by tree color and luster is ruddy glossy, and pulp mouthfeel is good, rich in sugar.
Fruit tree fertilizer prepared by comparative example 1-2 adopt above-mentioned fertilizing method impose on fruit tree bloom early stage and the fruit tree swollen fruit phase, after fruit tree yields positive results, observe that fruit tree fruiting rate is lower, though fruit yielded by tree color and luster is red lack glossy sense, sugar is lower.
By the contrast of above-described embodiment and comparative example, can find out that the embodiment of the present invention is passed through the mixing of many animals excrement material and adds vegetables oil wherein, prepared fruit tree fertilizer azophoska content is suitable for, there is abundant trace element, when imposing on fruit tree growth, improve disease-resistant performance and the fruiting rate of fruit tree, fruit color and luster is glossy, mouthfeel good and rich in sugar; And fruit tree fertilizer prepared by comparative example is because only adopting the mixture of horsehit or horsehit and chicken manure, nutrition is single, and contained trace element is relatively low, and when imposing on fruit tree, fruit tree fruiting rate is relatively low, and the glossy degree of fruit colour is lower and sugar is lower.
The raw material of the fruit tree fertilizer of the embodiment of the present invention is based on sheep excrement; other animal excreta material are auxiliary; prepared fruit tree fertilizer Fertilizer contribution fruit is better, and the raw material of comparative example fruit tree fertilizer burns root phenomenon with horse, ox or chicken manure for easily producing time main, is unfavorable for fruit tree growth.
The present invention is directed to that existing fruit tree fertilizer nutrition is single, cost is higher and there is the problem of chemical pollution, utilize animal excreta material, agricultural crop straw and vegetable oil residue for raw material, adopt the rotten legal system of heap for environmental protection, fruit tree fertilizer nutritious and with low cost; The cattle-producing area of planting fruit trees district periphery is taken from animal excrement in raw material of the present invention, is jointly mixed by many animals excrement material, and the fruit tree fertilizer medium trace element thus prepared is abundanter; The dregs of fat take from the discarded plant dregs of fat of oil pressing factory; Branch takes from any branch such as willow, willow, it is most convenient that take from the fruit tree that annual spring and autumn shears off; Egg-shell meal is the discarded eggshell taking from food processing plant, the main composition-calcium carbonate of eggshell, can the potential of hydrogen of balanced soil, such as improve the soil of Gobi desert growing area, also can increase soil calcareous, abundant nutrition composition simultaneously, above material all can be gathered materials on the spot, can preserving soil moisture be made for planting fruit trees district, Appropriate application natural resources, reduce animals and plants waste pollution.
Fruit tree fertilizer making method of the present invention is simple, and fertilizer efficiency is grown, increased and have updated the soil organism, facilitates microbial reproduction, improves physico-chemical property and the biological activity of soil; Especially for the fruit tree of building according to pastoral area, avoid and cause soil compaction because of long-term overuse of chemical fertilizer, destroy grassland, pastoral area, have impact on livestock industry, compromise the problem of fruit tree growth.
The specific embodiment of the present invention is only above; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses, change can be expected easily or replace, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. fruit tree fertilizer, it is characterized in that, its raw material is made up of the component of following weight percentage: dry sheep excrement 46%-65%, dry cow dung 15%-25%, dry horsehit 5%-10%, dried poultrymanure 5%-10%, vegetable oil residue 2%-4%, egg-shell meal 1%-2%, maize straw 1%-1.5%, oil certain herbaceous plants with big flowers stalk 1%-1.5%, branch 0.5%-1%, green grass leaf 0.5%-1%.
2. fruit tree fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, its raw material is made up of the component of following weight percentage: dry sheep excrement 54%-57%, dry cow dung 18%-22%, dry horsehit 7%-8%, dried poultrymanure 7%-8%, vegetable oil residue 3%, egg-shell meal 1.5%, maize straw 1%, oil certain herbaceous plants with big flowers stalk 1%, branch 0.8%, green grass leaf 0.7%.
3. fruit tree fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described dry sheep excrement, dry cow dung, dry horsehit and dried poultrymanure all take from the cattle-producing area of planting fruit trees ground periphery, and described vegetable oil residue is the discarded plant dregs of fat of oil pressing factory.
4. fruit tree fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described egg-shell meal is dried and be ground into powder by the discarded eggshell of food processing plant to obtain, and described branch is the fruit tree that annual spring and autumn shears off from fruit tree.
5. the preparation method of the fruit tree fertilizer described in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, raw material pulverizing is mixed to form basic material, adopt described basic material to carry out compost fermentation, wherein, described basic material is divided into 3-6 layer basic material layer by rice bran and/or wheat bran and forms fertile heap, plastics film is coated with in the outside of described fertilizer heap, when the inside leavening temperature of described fertilizer heap is 45 DEG C-50 DEG C, stir once by described fertilizer heap, the fermentation time of described fertilizer heap is 7-15 days.
6. the preparation method of fruit tree fertilizer according to claim 5, is characterized in that, all long 5m-7m of described basic material layer, all wide 1m-2m, all thick 20cm-30cm; Ambient temperature during compost is 25 DEG C-30 DEG C.
7. the fertilizing method of the fruit tree fertilizer described in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, fruit seed plants early stage, digging the degree of depth is 0.8m-1.2m, width is the tree well of 0.85m-0.95m, is sprinkled into the mixture of described fruit tree fertilizer and earth in described tree well, is planted by fruit tree in described tree well, tamp by backfill soil, finally pour water.
8. the fertilizing method of the fruit tree fertilizer described in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, fruit tree blooms early stage, centered by the trunk of fruit tree and with 0.7m-0.9m be the circumference place of radius, digging at least 4 diameters is that the circle of 0.2m executes material hole, be sprinkled into described fruit tree fertilizer to described executing in material hole and mix with backfill soil, finally pouring water.
9. the fertilizing method of the fruit tree fertilizer described in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, the fruit tree swollen fruit phase, centered by the trunk of fruit tree and with 0.8m-1.0m be the circumference place of radius, digging at least 4 diameters is that the circle of 0.2m executes material hole, be sprinkled into described fruit tree fertilizer to described executing in material hole and mix with backfill soil, finally pouring water.
10. the fertilizing method of the fruit tree fertilizer described in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, fruit tree hibernation period, centered by the trunk of fruit tree and with 0.9m-1.1m be the circumference place of radius, digging at least 4 diameters is that the circle of 0.2m executes material hole, be sprinkled into described fruit tree fertilizer to described executing in material hole and mix with backfill soil, finally pouring water.
CN201510709012.6A 2015-10-27 2015-10-27 Fruit tree fertilizer, preparation method of fruit tree fertilizer and fertilizing method of fruit tree fertilizer Pending CN105272417A (en)

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CN106069480A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 博白县锦兴水果种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of fertile Citrus chachiensis Hort.
CN107512987A (en) * 2017-10-08 2017-12-26 陈培党 One planting fruit-trees complex fertilizer and its fertilizing method
CN109197083A (en) * 2018-10-22 2019-01-15 临沂市农业科学院 A kind of method of peach summer pruning branch leaf returning to the field

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