CN105837172B - The resource-conserving that surface has antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

The resource-conserving that surface has antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN105837172B
CN105837172B CN201610171623.4A CN201610171623A CN105837172B CN 105837172 B CN105837172 B CN 105837172B CN 201610171623 A CN201610171623 A CN 201610171623A CN 105837172 B CN105837172 B CN 105837172B
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China
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parts
powder
glaze
frit
overglaze
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CN201610171623.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105837172A (en
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梁桐灿
余国明
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广东宏陶陶瓷有限公司
广东宏宇新型材料有限公司
广东宏海陶瓷实业发展有限公司
广东宏威陶瓷实业有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • C04B33/1321Waste slurries, e.g. harbour sludge, industrial muds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • C04B33/34Burning methods combined with glazing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3418Silicon oxide, silicic acids, or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. silica sol, fused silica, silica fume, cristobalite, quartz or flint
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3463Alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. mullite
    • C04B2235/3472Alkali metal alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. spodumene, alkali feldspars such as albite or orthoclase, micas such as muscovite, zeolites such as natrolite
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The resource-conserving that surface has antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method, on the basis of great change is not made to the existing production technology for having glaze Ceramic Tiles, emphasis is adjusted and optimizes to the formula composition etc. of the formula composition of green body, bottom, the composition of overglaze frit, bottom, overglaze, so as to make to add larger amount of sludge silt in body recipe but function admirable can be prepared, and there is glazed pottery tile product with antiskid effect.Product glaze surface is observed by high power scanning electron microscope, such as the needle-shaped hard protrusion of aluminate crystal is presented, and it tests anti-skid factor in the case where product surface sprays little water and reaches 0.8, anti-skidding grade reaches R12, good antiskid effect, abrasion resistance is up to 4000 turns 4 grades after testing, wear-resisting property is good, the defects of surface depolluting properties are good, anti-water penetration is strong, glaze paint pin-free glaze bubble and clear, the imitative stone of incrustation pattern texture is true to nature, the technology has stronger universality simultaneously, is easy in industry promote.

Description

The resource-conserving that surface has antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the preparing technical fields for having glaze Ceramic Tiles, and referring in particular to a kind of surface has the resource of antiskid effect Economizing type has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof.
Background technology:
With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, the class of building decoration is also being continuously improved at present, there are glaze Ceramic Tiles With clear, the imitative stone of the pattern texture of its incrustation is true to nature and the advantages that arranging easy to clean, it is increasingly used in luxurious height The ground of the public building (hotel, office building, mall, high-grade apartment etc.) of gear, while environment has been beautified, also brings ground The security hidden trouble that face is slipped commonly has glaze ceramic brick surface chance water easily smooth, be easy to cause and fall down;Even have due to tumble injury The thing to disable occurs, and according to statistics, the accident as caused by slipping, trip and fall accounts for annual all public injury accident ratios More than 50%, therefore solve the problems, such as the anti-skidding very urgent of glaze Ceramic Tiles.
Invention content:
It is an object of the invention to overcome it is above-mentioned it is common there are glaze Ceramic Tiles to meet the shortcomings that water easily slips, a kind of surface tool is provided The resource-conserving for having antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method, is not having glazed pottery ceramic tile production process to make weight to existing On the basis of big change, by the formula composition of green body, bottom, the formula composition of overglaze and bottom, the formula composition of overglaze frit Etc. being adjusted and optimizing, so as to make the sludge in the relatively large glazed tile of admixture and Antique Imitation Tiles production process after various wastewater treatments What slag and the surface that produces had an antiskid effect having that glazed pottery tile product quality and performance are excellent, a little in being sprayed on product brick face Water, the anti-skid factor that finished surface is measured with the anti-skidding tester of DLVIT variable-angles reach 0.8, and anti-skidding grade reaches R12, prevents The defects of sliding effect is good, and product glaze quality is good, and pin-free, glaze steeps, resistance to soiling is strong, and abrasion resistance is high, flatness is good, intensity Height along with picture on surface clean mark, imitative stone are true to nature, has solved glaze ceramics again while economizing on resources and beautifying the environment Brick meets the easily smooth problem of water;The technology has stronger universality simultaneously, is easy in industry promote.
To solve the above problems, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
The resource-conserving that the surface of the present invention has antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles, including:
Green body:It is prepared by following parts by weight component:
35~45 parts of the mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, 10~20 parts of porcelain stone grain, 20~30 parts of clay, nepheline 10~20 parts of syenite grain, 2~6 parts of talcum of burning, 8~12 parts of sludge silt, additional 1~2 part of waterglass, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.2~ 0.4 part, 0.2~0.4 part of ceramic water reducing agent, 50~55 parts of water;
Sludge silt therein includes the press filtration body refuse after various wastewater treatments in glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process;
Ground-coat enamel:It is prepared by following parts by weight component:
15~35 parts of frit, 15~25 parts of feldspar powder, 8~14 parts of silica flour, 8~12 parts of zirconium silicate, alumina powder 10~ 16 parts, 16~20 parts of kaolin, additional 0.1~0.15 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.4~0.6 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, water 37~40 Part;The glaze volume of ground-coat enamel is 0.6~0.8 ㎏/㎡, and the glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;
Overglaze:It is prepared by following parts by weight component:
20~50 parts of frit, 6~10 parts of zirconium silicate, 10~16 parts of calcined kaolin, 16~26 parts of kaolin, feldspar powder 4 ~10 parts, 8~14 parts of calcined oxide aluminium powder, 6~10 parts of calcite in powder, additional 0.08~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, trimerization 0.4~0.6 part of sodium phosphate, 37~40 parts of water;The glaze volume of overglaze is 0.7~0.9 ㎏/㎡, and the glaze volume is aqueous slurry Weight;
Wherein frit is prepared by following parts by weight component:
10~16 parts of feldspar powder, 16~22 parts of calcium carbonate, 3~7 parts of zinc oxide, 5~9 parts of talcum powder, 5~9 parts of zirconium English powder, 1~4 part of potassium carbonate, 2~5 parts of borax, 8~12 parts of lithium porcelain stone powder, 2~6 parts of barium carbonate, 28~32 parts of silica flour.
The resource-conserving for having antiskid effect the invention further relates to a kind of surface has glaze Ceramic Tiles preparation method, including Following steps:
A, the preparation of green body, prepares by weight:
By 35~45 parts of the mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, 10~20 parts of porcelain stone grain, 20~30 parts of clay, rosy clouds 10~20 parts of stone syenite grain burns 2~6 parts of talcum, 8~12 parts of sludge silt, additional 1~2 part of waterglass, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.2 ~0.4 part, 0.2~0.4 part of ceramic water reducing agent, 50~55 parts of water be mixed together wear into fineness be 250 mesh sieve tail over as quality The powder of 5.5%~7.5% moisture containing mass percent is made through removing iron sieving spray drying for the slurry of percentage 0.5%~2% Material, in 300~400 kilograms per centimeters2With automatic hydraulic press compression moulding, dry kiln drying to get green body under pressure limit;
Wherein sludge silt includes the press filtration body refuse after various wastewater treatments in glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process;
B, the preparation of ground-coat enamel, prepares by weight:
By 15~35 parts of frit, 15~25 parts of feldspar powder, 8~14 parts of silica flour, 8~12 parts of zirconium silicate, alumina powder 10 ~16 parts, 16~20 parts of kaolin, additional 0.1~0.15 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.4~0.6 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, water 37~ 40 parts are mixed together the glaze slip tailed over as mass percent 0.3%~0.5% for wearing into that fineness is 325 mesh sieve, by screening out iron It stores up to ground-coat enamel;
C, the preparation of overglaze, prepares by weight:
By 20~50 parts of frit, 6~10 parts of zirconium silicate, 10~16 parts of calcined kaolin, 16~26 parts of kaolin, feldspar powder 4~10 parts, 8~14 parts of calcined oxide aluminium powder, 6~10 parts of calcite in powder, additional 0.08~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, trimerization 0.4~0.6 part of sodium phosphate, 37~40 parts of water be mixed together wear into fineness be 325 mesh sieve tail over for mass percent 0.4%~ 0.6% glaze slip is stored by screening out iron up to overglaze;
Wherein frit is prepared by following parts by weight component:
10~16 parts of feldspar powder, 16~22 parts of calcium carbonate, 3~7 parts of zinc oxide, 5~9 parts of talcum powder, 5~9 parts of zirconium English powder, 1~4 part of potassium carbonate, 2~5 parts of borax, 8~12 parts of lithium porcelain stone powder, 2~6 parts of barium carbonate, 28~32 parts of silica flour, all components Granularity be respectively less than 180 mesh;All components are put into togerther mixing machine to mix, frit tank furnace is melted, glass melting temperature range 1500 DEG C~1540 DEG C, then water quenching is into frit granules, drying frit;
D. the preparation and firing of product:
The green body that step A is obtained, first applies the ground-coat enamel that step B is obtained, and the glaze volume of ground-coat enamel is 0.6~0.8 ㎏/㎡, institute The glaze volume stated is aqueous slurry weight;Then the overglaze that step C is obtained is applied, the glaze volume of overglaze is 0.7~0.9 ㎏/㎡, described Glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;Using stamp or not stamp, into roller kiln burning into, ranging from 1120 DEG C of maximum sintering temperature~ 1220 DEG C, firing time is 50~70 minutes, then by edging, classification process, that is, finished product is made.
The present invention surface have antiskid effect resource-conserving have glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method production have glazed pottery Tile product, surface anti-skidding effect is good, sprays little water in brick face, and finished surface is measured with the anti-skidding tester of DLVIT variable-angles Anti-skid factor reach 0.8, the defects of anti-skidding grade reaches R12, and finished surface antifouling property is good, pin-free, glaze bubble, stamp The decalcomania clean mark of product, imitative stone is true to nature, while economizing on resources and beautifying the environment, and has solved glaze Ceramic Tiles Meet the easily smooth problem of water;The technology has stronger universality simultaneously, is easy in industry promote.
The resource-conserving that the surface of the present invention has antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method, by matching to green body The optimization of Fang Zucheng, on the one hand ensure that in body recipe be added to it is various in larger amount of glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process The intensity and drying property of the wet base of the press filtration body refuse of waste water after processing will not be made due to the wet base insufficient strength of compression moulding Into subsequent handling because rotten base and splitting base phenomenon caused by machinery conveying and stamp;On the other hand sludge silt is in turn avoided in height Caused due to a large amount of gases discharges during temperature calcining product structure it is loose caused by deformation, permeable, glaze paint pin hole and glaze bubble etc. it is scarce It falls into.
Through the present inventor the study found that various waste water press filtration body refuse after processing in glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process In, in addition to the green body containing glazed tile and glaze, Antique Imitation Tiles green body and Glaze Composition, also considered to be worth doing containing more SiC bistriques, it is this SiC bistriques bits can release a large amount of gases at high temperature, and it is loose that these gases easily cause product structure, occur deforming and permeable lack It falls into or even the glaze paint covered on its face can be caused pin hole, glaze bubble defect occur, therefore be added to suitable porcelain stone in the present invention Grain, nepheline syenite grain and burning talcum, because these raw materials melting behaviour in high temperature is good, can will cause due to gas discharges Short texture be bonded in time, so as to form firm skeleton and make blank structure fine and close, it is ensured that the flatness of product and anti- Water permeability.
On the one hand the optimization of the frit of ground-coat enamel and the formula composition of ground-coat enamel ensures that ground-coat enamel can generate in high temperature and largely holds Implication hole, the gas that can in time generate sludge silt in high temperature are discharged in time;It on the other hand again can be with green body and overglaze shape The coefficient of expansion of base, glaze is balanced into firm middle layer, ensure that flatness, the intensity of product, and improves the anti-of product Thermal shock resistance;In addition, ground-coat enamel can also form fine and close covering layer, the anti-water permeability of product is improved.
On the one hand the optimization of overglaze frit knead dough glaze formula composition ensure that a large amount of gas rows of overglaze green body in high temperature Go out, a large amount of open pore and suitable high temperature viscosity can be formed, so as to not easily cause glazed surface matter when discharging gas Defect is measured, the generation steeped such as pin hole, glaze;Meanwhile most importantly overglaze can be generated in high temperature it is needle-shaped as aluminate After cooling such as needle-shaped hard protrusion can be precipitated in product surface in crystal structure, so as to generate antiskid effect and improve The abrasion resistance of product in addition, overglaze can also form a kind of coating of high covering power, improves the anti-water permeability of product.
In terms of comprehensive, the resource-conserving that a kind of surface of the present invention has antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method to have Following advantage:
1st, due to optimize the formula composition of green body, bottom, the formula composition of overglaze frit, bottom, overglaze formula composition etc., Product surface is made to form such as acicular hard protrusion, so as to reach antiskid effect, and glaze quality is good, pin-free, glaze bubble etc. Defect, resistance to soiling is strong, flatness is good, intensity is high, anti-water permeability is strong, along with the pattern texture of incrustation is clear, imitates stone True to nature, use scope is wide.
2nd, the product surface flatness, the modulus of rupture, flexural strength, resistance to acid and alkali, thermal shock resistance, radioactivity, lead cadmium are molten Output reaches the requirement of GB/T4100-2015, GB6566-2011 and HJ/T297-2006 standard.
3rd, larger amount of sludge silt has been used in body recipe so that saved money again while production cost is reduced Source has achieved the purpose that energy-saving and emission-reduction, has economized on resources.
4th, product surface tests its anti-skid factor in the case where spraying little water and reaches 0.8, and anti-skidding grade reaches R12, prevents Sliding effect is good, and abrasion resistance is up to 4000 turns 4 grades after testing, and wear-resisting property is good, and use scope is wide, and has glaze ceramics using existing Brick production technology, it is easy to accomplish industrialized scale.
Description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is to prepare the process flow chart that there is the resource-conserving of antiskid effect to have glaze Ceramic Tiles on the surface of the present invention.
Specific embodiment:
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to embodiment.
Example 1
A kind of surface has the preparation method that the resource-conserving of antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles, includes the following steps:
A. green body is prepared:
The formula constituent of green body see the table below 1:
Table 1:The composition table (parts by weight) of green body
The mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, porcelain stone grain, clay, rosy clouds are weighed respectively by 1 green body composition of table Stone syenite grain burns talcum, sludge silt, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, 0.2~0.4 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, ceramic water reducing agent 0.2 ~0.4 part, 50~55 parts of water is mixed together the slurry tailed over as mass percent 0.5%~2% for wearing into that fineness is 250 mesh sieve Material the powder of 5.5%~7.5% moisture of mass percent is made through removing iron sieving spray drying, in 300~400 kilograms/li Rice2With automatic hydraulic press compression moulding, dry kiln drying to get green body under pressure limit;
Wherein sludge silt includes the press filtration body refuse after various wastewater treatments in glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process;
B. ground-coat enamel is prepared:
Frit is prepared, the formula composition composition of frit is shown in Table 2:
Table 2:The composition table (parts by weight) of frit
Component Feldspar powder Calcium carbonate Zinc oxide Talcum powder Zirconium English powder Potassium carbonate Borax Lithium porcelain stone powder Barium carbonate Silica flour
#1 10 19 7 9 5 1 5 10 6 28
#2 14 22 3 5 9 2.5 3.5 8 2 31
#3 16 16 5 7 7 4 2 8 3 32
#4 15 18 4 5.5 6.5 2 3 12 4 30
The raw material that granularity is respectively less than 180 mesh is weighed respectively by 2 frit constituent of table:Feldspar powder, calcium carbonate, zinc oxide, Talcum powder, zirconium English powder, potassium carbonate, borax, lithium porcelain stone powder, barium carbonate, silica flour are put into togerther mixing machine mixing, and frit pond is melted System, 1500 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature range, then water quenching is into frit granules, drying frit;
Ground-coat enamel is prepared, the formula composition composition of ground-coat enamel is shown in Table 3:
Table 3:Ground-coat enamel formula composition table (parts by weight)
Component Frit Feldspar powder Silica flour Zirconium silicate Alumina powder Kaolin
1# 15 25 14 10 16 20
2# 25 20 12 12 13 18
3# 33 17 8 11 12 19
4# 35 17 11 8 11 18
5# 35 15 12 12 10 16
Frit, feldspar powder, silica flour, zirconium silicate, alumina powder, kaolin are weighed by the ground-coat enamel formula composition table of table 3, outside Add 0.1~0.15 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.4~0.6 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 37~40 parts of water, which is mixed together, to be worn into fineness and be The glaze slip tailed over as mass percent 0.3%~0.5% of 325 mesh sieve is stored by screening out iron up to ground-coat enamel;
C. overglaze is prepared:
The formula composition of overglaze such as the following table 4:
Table 4:Overglaze formula composition table (parts by weight)
Frit, zirconium silicate, calcined kaolin, kaolin, feldspar powder, calcining oxygen are weighed by the formula composition table of 4 overglaze of table Change aluminium powder, calcite in powder, additional 0.08~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.4~0.6 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 37~40 parts of water The glaze slip tailed over as mass percent 0.4%~0.6% for wearing into that fineness is 325 mesh sieve is mixed together, by screening out iron storage Up to overglaze;Wherein the formula composition of frit and preparation method are as the frit in ground-coat enamel.
D. the preparation and firing of product:
The green body that above-mentioned steps A is prepared, first applies the ground-coat enamel that above-mentioned steps B is obtained, the glaze volume of ground-coat enamel for 0.6~ 0.8 ㎏/㎡, the glaze volume are aqueous slurry weight;Apply the overglaze that above-mentioned steps C is obtained again, the glaze volume of overglaze for 0.7~ 0.9 ㎏/㎡, the glaze volume are aqueous slurry weight;Through side washing, stamp or not stamp, into roller kiln burning into, highest firing temperature Ranging from 1120 DEG C~1220 DEG C of degree, firing time are 50~70 minutes, then by edging, classification process to get finished product.Profit Such as needle-shaped hard protrusion of aluminate crystal is presented with high power scanning electron microscope observation finished surface, in assembled watch Little water is sprayed in face, and the anti-skid factor that finished surface is measured with the anti-skidding tester of DLVIT variable-angles reaches 0.8, and anti-skidding grade reaches The defects of to R12, abrasion resistance is up to 4000 turns 4 grades, and non-skid property is good, abrasion resistance is high, and glaze paint is pin-free, glaze bubble, and finished surface Antifouling property is good, the decalcomania clean mark of Printing, and imitative stone is true to nature, after testing product primary quality measure such as the following table 5.
Table 5:Product quality inspection result
In conclusion only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not makees the present invention limitation in any form;It is all The those of ordinary skill of the industry can swimmingly implement the present invention by described above;But all technology people for being familiar with this profession Member without departing from the scope of the present invention, repair by a little change for being made using disclosed above technology contents Decorations and the equivalent variations developed, are the equivalent embodiment of the present invention;Meanwhile all substantial technologicals according to the present invention are to above real Apply the change of any equivalent variations, modification and differentiation that example is made, still fall within technical scheme of the present invention protection domain it It is interior.

Claims (4)

1. the resource-conserving that a kind of surface has antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles, it is characterised in that:
Green body:It is prepared by following parts by weight component:
35~45 parts of the mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, 10~20 parts of porcelain stone grain, 20~30 parts of clay, nepheline are just long 10~20 parts of rock grain burns 2~6 parts of talcum, 8~12 parts of sludge silt, additional 1~2 part of waterglass, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.2~0.4 Part, 0.2~0.4 part of ceramic water reducing agent, 50~55 parts of water;
Sludge silt therein includes the press filtration body refuse after various wastewater treatments in glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process;
Ground-coat enamel:It is prepared by following parts by weight component:
15~35 parts of frit, 15~25 parts of feldspar powder, 8~14 parts of silica flour, 8~12 parts of zirconium silicate, 10~16 parts of alumina powder, 16~20 parts of kaolin, additional 0.1~0.15 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.4~0.6 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 37~40 parts of water;Bottom The glaze volume of glaze is 0.6~0.8 ㎏/㎡, and the glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;
Overglaze:It is prepared by following parts by weight component:
20~50 parts of frit, 6~10 parts of zirconium silicate, 10~16 parts of calcined kaolin, 16~26 parts of kaolin, feldspar powder 4~10 Part, 8~14 parts of calcined oxide aluminium powder, 6~10 parts of calcite in powder, additional 0.08~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part of sodium, 37~40 parts of water;The glaze volume of overglaze is 0.7~0.9 ㎏/㎡, and the glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;
Wherein frit is prepared by following parts by weight component:
10~16 parts of feldspar powder, 16~22 parts of calcium carbonate, 3~7 parts of zinc oxide, 5~9 parts of talcum powder, 5~9 parts of zirconium English powder, carbonic acid 1~4 part of potassium, 2~5 parts of borax, 8~12 parts of lithium porcelain stone powder, 2~6 parts of barium carbonate, 28~32 parts of silica flour.
2. surface has the preparation method that the resource-conserving of antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles, it is characterised in that:
It includes the following steps:
A, the preparation of green body, prepares by weight:
By 35~45 parts of the mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, 10~20 parts of porcelain stone grain, 20~30 parts of clay, nepheline is just Long 10~20 parts of rock grain burns 2~6 parts of talcum, 8~12 parts of sludge silt, additional 1~2 part of waterglass, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.2~0.4 Part, 0.2~0.4 part of ceramic water reducing agent, 50~55 parts of water be mixed together wear into fineness be 250 mesh sieve tail over as mass percent 0.5%~2% slurry the powder of 5.5%~7.5% moisture of mass percent is made through removing iron sieving spray drying, 300 ~400 kilograms per centimeters2With automatic hydraulic press compression moulding, dry kiln drying to get green body under pressure limit;
B, the preparation of ground-coat enamel, prepares by weight:
By 15~35 parts of frit, 15~25 parts of feldspar powder, 8~14 parts of silica flour, 8~12 parts of zirconium silicate, alumina powder 10~16 Part, 16~20 parts of kaolin, additional 0.1~0.15 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.4~0.6 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 37~40 parts of water The glaze slip tailed over as mass percent 0.3%~0.5% for wearing into that fineness is 325 mesh sieve is mixed together, by screening out iron storage Up to ground-coat enamel;
C, the preparation of overglaze, prepares by weight:
By 20~50 parts of frit, 6~10 parts of zirconium silicate, 10~16 parts of calcined kaolin, 16~26 parts of kaolin, feldspar powder 4~ 10 parts, 8~14 parts of calcined oxide aluminium powder, 6~10 parts of calcite in powder, additional 0.08~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, trimerization phosphorus Sour 0.4~0.6 part of sodium, 37~40 parts of water be mixed together wear into fineness be 325 mesh sieve tail over for mass percent 0.4%~ 0.6% glaze slip is stored by screening out iron up to overglaze;
Wherein frit is prepared by following parts by weight component:
10~16 parts of feldspar powder, 16~22 parts of calcium carbonate, 3~7 parts of zinc oxide, 5~9 parts of talcum powder, 5~9 parts of zirconium English powder, carbonic acid 1~4 part of potassium, 2~5 parts of borax, 8~12 parts of lithium porcelain stone powder, 2~6 parts of barium carbonate, 28~32 parts of silica flour, the grain of all components Degree is respectively less than 180 mesh;All components are put into togerther mixing machine to mix, frit tank furnace is melted, 1500 DEG C of glass melting temperature range~ 1540 DEG C, then water quenching is into frit granules, drying frit;
D. the preparation and firing of product:
The green body that step A is obtained, first applies the ground-coat enamel that step B is obtained, and the glaze volume of ground-coat enamel is 0.6~0.8 ㎏/㎡, described Glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;Then the overglaze that step C is obtained is applied, the glaze volume of overglaze is 0.7~0.9 ㎏/㎡, the glazing It measures as aqueous slurry weight;Using stamp or not stamp, into roller kiln burning into maximum sintering temperature ranging from 1120 DEG C~1220 DEG C, firing time is 50~70 minutes, then by edging, classification process, that is, finished product is made.
CN201610171623.4A 2016-03-23 2016-03-23 The resource-conserving that surface has antiskid effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof CN105837172B (en)

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