CN105837172A - Resource-saving glazed ceramic tile having antiskid effect on surface and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Resource-saving glazed ceramic tile having antiskid effect on surface and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105837172A
CN105837172A CN201610171623.4A CN201610171623A CN105837172A CN 105837172 A CN105837172 A CN 105837172A CN 201610171623 A CN201610171623 A CN 201610171623A CN 105837172 A CN105837172 A CN 105837172A
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China
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parts
glaze
powder
coat enamel
water
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CN201610171623.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105837172B (en
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梁桐灿
余国明
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广东宏陶陶瓷有限公司
广东宏宇新型材料有限公司
广东宏海陶瓷实业发展有限公司
广东宏威陶瓷实业有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • C04B33/1321Waste slurries, e.g. harbour sludge, industrial muds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • C04B33/34Burning methods combined with glazing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3418Silicon oxide, silicic acids, or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. silica sol, fused silica, silica fume, cristobalite, quartz or flint
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3463Alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. mullite
    • C04B2235/3472Alkali metal alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. spodumene, alkali feldspars such as albite or orthoclase, micas such as muscovite, zeolites such as natrolite
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

A resource-saving glazed ceramic tile having an antiskid effect on surface and a preparation method thereof. Without great change on production process of the glazed ceramic tiles, formula composition of a blank body, composition of ground and cover glaze frits and formula composition of ground and cover glaze are regulated and optimized focusedly, so that the glazed ceramic tile, which has excellent performance and the antiskid effect, can be prepared even large quantity sludge residue is added to the blank body. Through a high-magnification scanning electronic microscopy for observing the surface of glaze on the product, it is found that projects which are hard and needle-like and look like aluminum spinel crystal are formed on the surface, and the glaze is 0.8 in antiskid coefficient and is R12 in antiskid level when a less quantity of water is sprayed on the glaze. The glazed ceramic tile has good antiskid effect, can reach 4000 r/four grade in wear-resisting revolution through detection, and has good anti-wear performance, surface anti-fouling performance and water permeation resistance. The glaze has no defects such as needle pores, bubbles and the like, has clear decorative pattern grains and is highly stone-simulated. The technology has strong adaptability and is easy to promote in the field.

Description

Surface has the resource-conserving of skidproof effect and has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the preparing technical field of glaze Ceramic Tiles, refer in particular to a kind of surface and there is anti-skidding effect The resource-conserving of fruit has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof.
Background technology:
Along with improving constantly of people's living standard, the class of current building decoration is also improving constantly, is having Clear with the pattern texture of its incrustation, the imitative stone of glaze Ceramic Tiles is true to nature and the advantage such as arrange easy to clean, More and more it is applied to the public building (hotel, office building, mall, high-grade apartment etc.) of luxurious high gear Ground, while having beautified environment, also bring the security hidden trouble slipped in ground, commonly have Glaze ceramic brick surface chance water is the smoothest, easily causes and falls down;The thing disabled because of traumatic injury is even had to occur, According to statistics, the accident caused by slipping, trip and falling accounts for annual all public injury accident ratios More than 50%, the anti-skidding problem therefore solving to have glaze Ceramic Tiles is the most very urgent.
Summary of the invention:
It is an object of the invention to overcome the above-mentioned shortcoming commonly having glaze Ceramic Tiles chance water easily to slip, it is provided that one Kind surface has the resource-conserving of skidproof effect and has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method, is not having glaze to existing On the basis of ceramic tile production technique makes great change, by the formula composition of base substrate, the end, cover-coat enamel Formula composition and the end, the formula composition etc. of cover-coat enamel frit be adjusted and optimize so that fill bigger The surface measuring the sludge silt after various waste water process in glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process and produce has Skidproof effect have glazed pottery tile product quality and performance the most excellent, on product brick face spray little water, use The anti-skidding tester of DLVIT variable-angle is measured the anti-skid factor of finished surface and is reached 0.8, and anti-skidding grade reaches Good to R12, good antiskid effect, and product glaze quality, the defect such as free of pinholes, glaze bubble, resistance to soiling is strong, Abrasion resistance is high, flatness is good, intensity is high, adds picture on surface clean mark, imitative stone true to nature, at joint About resource and solve again glaze Ceramic Tiles while beautifying the environment and meet the difficult problem that water is the smoothest;This skill simultaneously Art possesses stronger universality, it is easy in industry promote.
For solving the problems referred to above, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The surface of the present invention has the resource-conserving of skidproof effect and has glaze Ceramic Tiles, comprising:
Base substrate: prepare by following weight portion component:
The mixed sand 35 of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz~45 parts, porcelain stone grain 10~20 parts, clay 20~30 parts, nepheline syenite grain 10~20 parts, burning Talcum 2~6 parts, sludge silt 8~12 parts, External adding water glass 1~2 parts, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.2~0.4 part, ceramic water reducing agent 0.2~0.4 part, Water 50~55 parts;
Sludge silt therein includes the filter pressing in glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process after the process of various waste water Body refuse;
Ground-coat enamel: prepare by following weight portion component:
Frit 15~35 parts, feldspar powder 15~25 parts, silica flour 8~14 parts, Zirconium orthosilicate. 8~12 Part, alumina powder 10~16 parts, Kaolin 16~20 parts, additional carboxymethyl cellulose 0.1~0.15 Part, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part, water 37~40 parts;The glaze volume of ground-coat enamel is 0.6~0.8 /, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;
Cover-coat enamel: prepare by following weight portion component:
Frit 20~50 parts, Zirconium orthosilicate. 6~10 parts, calcined kaolin 10~16 parts, Kaolin 16~ 26 parts, feldspar powder 4~10 parts, calcined oxide aluminium powder 8~14 parts, calcite in powder 6~10 parts, outward Add carboxymethyl cellulose 0.08~0.12 part, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part, water 37~40 parts; The glaze volume of cover-coat enamel is 0.7~0.9/, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;
Wherein frit is prepared by following weight portion component:
Feldspar powder 10~16 parts, calcium carbonate 16~22 parts, zinc oxide 3~7 parts, Pulvis Talci 5~9 Part, zirconium English powder 5~9 parts, potassium carbonate 1~4 parts, Borax 2~5 parts, lithium porcelain stone powder 8~12 parts, Brium carbonate 2~6 parts, silica flour 28~32 parts.
The invention still further relates to a kind of surface there is the resource-conserving of skidproof effect have glaze Ceramic Tiles preparation side Method, it comprises the following steps:
A, the preparation of base substrate, prepare by weight:
By the mixed sand 35 of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz~45 parts, porcelain stone grain 10~20 parts, clay 20~30 parts, nepheline syenite grain 10~20 parts, burning Talcum 2~6 parts, sludge silt 8~12 parts, outward Add waterglass 1~2 parts, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.2~0.4 part, ceramic water reducing agent 0.2~0.4 part, water 50~55 parts be mixed together wear into fineness be 250 mesh sieves tail over the slurry for mass percent 0.5%~2% Material, through making the powder containing mass percent 5.5%~7.5% moisture except the ferrum spray drying that sieves, 300~ 400 kilograms per centimeter2Under pressure limit, dry kiln compressing with automatic hydraulic press is dried, and obtains base substrate;
Filter pressing sludge after various waste water process during wherein sludge silt includes glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process Slag;
B, the preparation of ground-coat enamel, prepare by weight:
By frit 15~35 parts, feldspar powder 15~25 parts, silica flour 8~14 parts, Zirconium orthosilicate. 8~12 Part, alumina powder 10~16 parts, Kaolin 16~20 parts, additional carboxymethyl cellulose 0.1~0.15 Part, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part, water 37~40 parts are mixed together and wear into fineness is 325 mesh sieves Tail over the glaze slip for mass percent 0.3%~0.5%, store i.e. obtain ground-coat enamel through screening out ferrum;
C, the preparation of cover-coat enamel, prepare by weight:
By frit 20~50 parts, Zirconium orthosilicate. 6~10 parts, calcined kaolin 10~16 parts, Kaolin 16~ 26 parts, feldspar powder 4~10 parts, calcined oxide aluminium powder 8~14 parts, calcite in powder 6~10 parts, additional Carboxymethyl cellulose 0.08~0.12 part, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part, water 37~40 parts are together The glaze slip for mass percent 0.4%~0.6% that tails over that fineness is 325 mesh sieves is worn in mixing, through screening out Ferrum stores and i.e. obtains cover-coat enamel;
Wherein frit is prepared by following weight portion component:
Feldspar powder 10~16 parts, calcium carbonate 16~22 parts, zinc oxide 3~7 parts, Pulvis Talci 5~9 parts, Zirconium English powder 5~9 parts, potassium carbonate 1~4 parts, Borax 2~5 parts, lithium porcelain stone powder 8~12 parts, carbonic acid Barium 2~6 parts, silica flour 28~32 parts, the granularity of all components is respectively less than 180 mesh;By all components Putting into mixer mixing together, frit tank furnace is founded, glass melting temperature scope 1500 DEG C~1540 DEG C, then Shrend becomes frit granule, drying frit;
D. the preparation of product and burning till:
Base substrate step A obtained, first executes the ground-coat enamel that step B obtains, the glaze volume of ground-coat enamel be 0.6~ 0.8/, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;Then the cover-coat enamel that step C obtains is executed, cover-coat enamel Glaze volume is 0.7~0.9/, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;Again through stamp or not stamp, Entrance roller kilns burn till, and maximum sintering temperature scope is 1120 DEG C~1220 DEG C, firing time be 50~ 70 minutes, it is then passed through edging, classification operation, i.e. makes finished product.
The surface of the present invention has the resource-conserving of skidproof effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method to produce Have glazed pottery tile product, surface anti-skidding is effective, in brick face spray little water, use DLVIT variable-angle Anti-skidding tester is measured the anti-skid factor of finished surface and is reached 0.8, and anti-skidding grade reaches R12, and finished product The defects such as surface depolluting properties is good, free of pinholes, glaze bubble, the decalcomania clean mark of Printing, imitative Stone is true to nature, while economizing on resources and beautifying the environment, solves again glaze Ceramic Tiles chance water the smoothest A difficult problem;This technology possesses stronger universality simultaneously, it is easy in industry promote.
The surface of the present invention has the resource-conserving of skidproof effect and has glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method, passes through Optimization to body recipe composition, on the one hand ensure that body recipe with the addition of larger amount of glazed tile and The intensity of the wet base of various waste water filter pressing body refuse after treatment and drying property in Antique Imitation Tiles production process, The subsequent handling that will not cause because of compressing wet base insufficient strength is produced because of machinery conveying and stamp Raw rotten base and split base phenomenon;On the other hand turn avoid sludge silt when high-temperature calcination because a large amount of gases are arranged Put and cause the defects such as loose deformation, permeable, glaze pin hole and the glaze bubble brought of product structure.
In the present inventor studies discovery, glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process, various waste water are pressed after treatment In filter mud slag, in addition to the base substrate containing glazed tile and glaze, Antique Imitation Tiles base substrate and Glaze Composition, possibly together with More SiC bistrique bits, this SiC bistrique bits can release a large amount of gas, these gas appearance when high temperature Easily cause product structure to loosen, deformation and permeable defect occur, even can cause the glaze covered on its face Pin hole, glaze bubble defect occurs, therefore the present invention with the addition of appropriate porcelain stone grain, nepheline syenite grain and Burn Talcum, because these raw materials melting behaviour in high temperature is good, it is possible to the knot that will cause because of gas discharge Structure is loose the most bonding, thus forms firm skeleton and make blank structure fine and close, it is ensured that putting down of product Whole degree and anti-water permeability.
The frit of ground-coat enamel and the optimization of the formula composition of ground-coat enamel, on the one hand guarantee that ground-coat enamel can produce in high temperature Substantial amounts of open pore, can discharge the gas that sludge silt produces in high temperature in time in time;On the other hand Firm intermediate layer can be formed to balance the coefficient of expansion of base, glaze again, it is ensured that produce with base substrate and cover-coat enamel The flatness of product, intensity, improve again the thermal shock resistance of product;It addition, ground-coat enamel can also form densification Covering layer, improves the anti-water permeability of product.
The optimization of cover-coat enamel frit dough-making powder glaze formula composition, on the one hand ensure that cover-coat enamel base substrate in high temperature is a large amount of Gas is discharged, it is possible to form substantial amounts of open pore and suitable high temperature viscosity, during so that gas is discharged Do not easily cause glazed surface mass defect, such as pin hole, the generation of glaze bubble;Meanwhile, most importantly cover-coat enamel The needle-shaped crystal structure as aluminate can be generated in high temperature, can separate out at product surface after cooling Outthrust as hard in needle-like, thus produce skidproof effect, and improve the abrasion resistance of product, it addition, Cover-coat enamel can also form the cover layer of a kind of high covering power, improves the anti-water permeability of product.
For Zong He, a kind of surface of the present invention has the resource-conserving of skidproof effect and has glaze Ceramic Tiles and system Preparation Method has the following advantages:
1, owing to optimizing the formula composition of base substrate, the end, the formula composition of cover-coat enamel frit, the end, cover-coat enamel Formula composition etc., make product surface form the such as hard outthrust of needle-like, thus reach skidproof effect, And glaze quality is good, the defect such as free of pinholes, glaze bubble, resistance to soiling is strong, flatness good, intensity is high, permeation-proof Aqueous can be strong, and clear, the imitative stone of pattern texture adding incrustation is true to nature, and range is wide.
2, this product surface flatness, the modulus of rupture, rupture strength, resistance to acids and bases, thermal shock resistance, Radioactivity, lead-indium alloy all reach GB/T4100-2015, GB6566-2011 and HJ/T297-2006 Standard-required.
3, body recipe employs larger amount of sludge silt so that while reducing production cost again Save resource, the purpose reached energy-saving and emission-reduction, economizing on resources.
4, product surface is tested its anti-skid factor and is reached 0.8 in the case of spray little water, and anti-skidding grade reaches To R12, good antiskid effect, abrasion resistance is up to 4000 turns 4 grades after testing, and anti-wear performance is good, uses model Enclose wide, and use and existing have glazed pottery ceramic tile production process, it is easy to accomplish industrialized scale.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is that the surface preparing the present invention has the technique that the resource-conserving of skidproof effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles Flow chart.
Detailed description of the invention:
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Example 1
A kind of surface has the resource-conserving of skidproof effect and has the preparation method of glaze Ceramic Tiles, it include with Lower step:
A. base substrate is prepared:
The formula constituent of base substrate see table 1:
Table 1: the composition table (weight portion) of base substrate
By table 1 base substrate composition weigh respectively potassium feldspar and albite and the mixed sand of quartz, porcelain stone grain, Clay, nepheline syenite grain, burning Talcum, sludge silt, external adding water glass 1~2 parts, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.2~0.4 part, ceramic water reducing agent 0.2~0.4 part, water 50~55 parts are mixed together to be worn into fineness and is 250 mesh sieves tail over the slurry for mass percent 0.5%~2%, through making matter except the ferrum spray drying that sieves The powder of amount percentage ratio 5.5%~7.5% moisture, in 300~400 kilograms per centimeter2With certainly under pressure limit Hydrodynamic press is compressing, dry kiln is dried, and obtains base substrate;
Filter pressing sludge after various waste water process during wherein sludge silt includes glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process Slag;
B. ground-coat enamel is prepared:
Preparing frit, the formula composition of frit is shown in Table 2:
Table 2: the composition table (weight portion) of frit
Component Feldspar powder Calcium carbonate Zinc oxide Pulvis Talci Zirconium English powder Potassium carbonate Borax Lithium porcelain stone powder Brium carbonate Silica flour
#1 10 19 7 9 5 1 5 10 6 28
#2 14 22 3 5 9 2.5 3.5 8 2 31
#3 16 16 5 7 7 4 2 8 3 32
#4 15 18 4 5.5 6.5 2 3 12 4 30
Weigh granularity respectively by table 2 frit constituent and be respectively less than the raw material of 180 mesh: feldspar powder, carbonic acid Calcium, zinc oxide, Pulvis Talci, zirconium English powder, potassium carbonate, Borax, lithium porcelain stone powder, brium carbonate, silica flour, Putting into mixer mixing together, frit pond is founded, glass melting temperature scope 1500 DEG C~1540 DEG C, then water Quench into frit granule, drying frit;
Preparing ground-coat enamel, the formula composition of ground-coat enamel is shown in Table 3:
Table 3: ground-coat enamel formula composition table (weight portion)
Component Frit Feldspar powder Silica flour Zirconium orthosilicate. Alumina powder Kaolin
1# 15 25 14 10 16 20
2# 25 20 12 12 13 18
3# 33 17 8 11 12 19
4# 35 17 11 8 11 18
5# 35 15 12 12 10 16
Frit, feldspar powder, silica flour, Zirconium orthosilicate., aluminium oxide is weighed by the ground-coat enamel formula composition table of table 3 Powder, Kaolin, additional carboxymethyl cellulose 0.1~0.15 part, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part, Water 37~40 parts are mixed together and wear into fineness is the tailing over as mass percent 0.3%~0.5% of 325 mesh sieves Glaze slip, store i.e. obtain ground-coat enamel through screening out ferrum;
C. cover-coat enamel is prepared:
The formula of cover-coat enamel forms such as table 4 below:
Table 4: cover-coat enamel formula composition table (weight portion)
Frit, Zirconium orthosilicate., calcined kaolin, Kaolin, length is weighed by the formula composition table of table 4 cover-coat enamel Stone powder, calcined oxide aluminium powder, calcite in powder, additional carboxymethyl cellulose 0.08~0.12 part, trimerization Sodium phosphate 0.4~0.6 part, water 37~40 parts are mixed together and wear into fineness is the tailing over as matter of 325 mesh sieves The glaze slip of amount percentage ratio 0.4%~0.6%, stores i.e. obtain cover-coat enamel through screening out ferrum;The wherein formula group of frit Become with preparation method as the frit in ground-coat enamel.
D. the preparation of product and burning till:
Base substrate above-mentioned steps A prepared, first executes the ground-coat enamel that above-mentioned steps B obtains, executing of ground-coat enamel Glaze amount is 0.6~0.8/, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;Execute what above-mentioned steps C obtained again Cover-coat enamel, the glaze volume of cover-coat enamel is 0.7~0.9/, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;Through side washing, Stamp or not stamp, entrance roller kilns burn till, and maximum sintering temperature scope is 1120 DEG C~1220 DEG C, burns The one-tenth time is 50~70 minutes, is then passed through edging, classification operation, gets product.High power is utilized to sweep Retouch formula electron microscope observation finished surface and present outthrust as hard in aluminate crystal needle-like, Yu Cheng Product surface spray little water, the anti-skid factor measuring finished surface with the anti-skidding tester of DLVIT variable-angle reaches To 0.8, anti-skidding grade reaches R12, and abrasion resistance reaches 4000 turns 4 grades, and non-skid property is good, abrasion resistance is high, The defects such as glaze is free of pinholes, glaze bubble, and finished surface antifouling property is good, the decalcomania stricture of vagina of Printing Putting in order clear, imitative stone is true to nature, product primary quality measure such as table 5 below after testing.
Table 5: product quality inspection result
In sum, only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not the present invention is made any in form Restriction;The those of ordinary skill of all industry all can be implemented the present invention swimmingly by the above;But Be all those skilled in the art in the range of without departing from technical solution of the present invention, available above institute The technology contents that discloses and a little change made, the equivalent variations modifying and develop, be the present invention's Equivalent embodiments;Meanwhile, all any equivalents above example made according to the substantial technological of the present invention Change change, modify and develop, within all still falling within the protection domain of technical scheme.

Claims (2)

1. the resource-conserving that a surface has skidproof effect has glaze Ceramic Tiles, it is characterised in that:
Base substrate: prepare by following weight portion component:
The mixed sand 35 of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz~45 parts, porcelain stone grain 10~20 parts, clay 20~30 parts, nepheline syenite grain 10~20 parts, burn Talcum 2~6 parts, sludge silt 8~12 parts, external adding water glass 1~2 parts, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.2~0.4 part, ceramic water reducing agent 0.2~0.4 part, water 50~55 parts;
Sludge silt therein includes the filter pressing body refuse in glazed tile and Antique Imitation Tiles production process after the process of various waste water;
Ground-coat enamel: prepare by following weight portion component:
Frit 15~35 parts, feldspar powder 15~25 parts, silica flour 8~14 parts, Zirconium orthosilicate. 8~12 parts, alumina powder 10~16 parts, Kaolin 16~20 parts, additional carboxymethyl cellulose 0.1~0.15 part, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part, water 37~40 parts;The glaze volume of ground-coat enamel is 0.6~0.8/, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;
Cover-coat enamel: prepare by following weight portion component:
Frit 20~50 parts, Zirconium orthosilicate. 6~10 parts, calcined kaolin 10~16 parts, Kaolin 16~26 parts, feldspar powder 4~10 parts, calcined oxide aluminium powder 8~14 parts, calcite in powder 6~10 parts, additional carboxymethyl cellulose 0.08~0.12 part, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part, water 37~40 parts;The glaze volume of cover-coat enamel is 0.7~0.9/, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;
Wherein frit is prepared by following weight portion component:
Feldspar powder 10~16 parts, calcium carbonate 16~22 parts, zinc oxide 3~7 parts, Pulvis Talci 5~9 parts, zirconium English powder 5~9 parts, potassium carbonate 1~4 parts, Borax 2~5 parts, lithium porcelain stone powder 8~12 parts, brium carbonate 2~6 parts, silica flour 28~32 parts.
2. surface has the resource-conserving of skidproof effect and has the preparation method of glaze Ceramic Tiles, it is characterised in that:
It comprises the following steps:
A, the preparation of base substrate, prepare by weight:
By the mixed sand 35 of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz~45 parts, porcelain stone grain 10~20 parts, clay 20~30 parts, nepheline syenite grain 10~20 parts, burn Talcum 2~6 parts, sludge silt 8~12 parts, external adding water glass 1~2 parts, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.2~0.4 part, ceramic water reducing agent 0.2~0.4 part, water 50~55 parts are mixed together wears into the slurry for mass percent 0.5%~2% that tails over that fineness is 250 mesh sieves, through making the powder of mass percent 5.5%~7.5% moisture, in 300~400 kilograms per centimeter except ferrum sieves to be spray-dried2Under pressure limit, dry kiln compressing with automatic hydraulic press is dried, and obtains base substrate;
B, the preparation of ground-coat enamel, prepare by weight:
By frit 15~35 parts, feldspar powder 15~25 parts, silica flour 8~14 parts, Zirconium orthosilicate. 8~12 parts, alumina powder 10~16 parts, Kaolin 16~20 parts, additional carboxymethyl cellulose 0.1~0.15 part, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part, water 37~40 parts are mixed together wears into the glaze slip for mass percent 0.3%~0.5% that tails over that fineness is 325 mesh sieves, stores i.e. obtain ground-coat enamel through screening out ferrum;
C, the preparation of cover-coat enamel, prepare by weight:
By frit 20~50 parts, Zirconium orthosilicate. 6~10 parts, calcined kaolin 10~16 parts, Kaolin 16~26 parts, feldspar powder 4~10 parts, calcined oxide aluminium powder 8~14 parts, calcite in powder 6~10 parts, additional carboxymethyl cellulose 0.08~0.12 part, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.4~0.6 part, water 37~40 parts are mixed together wears into the glaze slip for mass percent 0.4%~0.6% that tails over that fineness is 325 mesh sieves, stores i.e. obtain cover-coat enamel through screening out ferrum;
Wherein frit is prepared by following weight portion component:
Feldspar powder 10~16 parts, calcium carbonate 16~22 parts, zinc oxide 3~7 parts, Pulvis Talci 5~9 parts, zirconium English powder 5~9 parts, potassium carbonate 1~4 parts, Borax 2~5 parts, lithium porcelain stone powder 8~12 parts, brium carbonate 2~6 parts, silica flour 28~32 parts, the granularity of all components is respectively less than 180 mesh;All components is put into mixer mixing together, and frit tank furnace is founded, and glass melting temperature scope 1500 DEG C~1540 DEG C, then shrend becomes frit granule, drying frit;
D. the preparation of product and burning till:
Base substrate step A obtained, first executes the ground-coat enamel that step B obtains, and the glaze volume of ground-coat enamel is 0.6~0.8/, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;Then the cover-coat enamel that step C obtains is executed, the glaze volume of cover-coat enamel is 0.7~0.9/, described glaze volume is aqueous slurry weight;Again through stamp or not stamp, entering roller kilns and burn till, maximum sintering temperature scope is 1120 DEG C~1220 DEG C, and firing time is 50~70 minutes, is then passed through edging, classification operation, i.e. makes finished product.
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CN106477886A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-03-08 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 A kind of adobe of glazed tile improving surface anti-skidding performance and preparation method thereof
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