CN107266023B - Surface is gentle as jade has the ink-jet of translucency to seep flower polished brick in porcelain character and preparation method - Google Patents

Surface is gentle as jade has the ink-jet of translucency to seep flower polished brick in porcelain character and preparation method Download PDF

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CN107266023B
CN107266023B CN201710475109.4A CN201710475109A CN107266023B CN 107266023 B CN107266023 B CN 107266023B CN 201710475109 A CN201710475109 A CN 201710475109A CN 107266023 B CN107266023 B CN 107266023B
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ink
jet
flower
jade
gentle
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CN107266023A (en
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曾凡平
邱金清
蔡伟强
侯斌
卢广坚
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GUANGDONG HONGHAI CERAMIC INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Guangdong Hongwei Ceramic Industry Co Ltd
GUANGDONG WINTO CERAMICS CO Ltd
Guangdong Hongyu New Material Co Ltd
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GUANGDONG HONGHAI CERAMIC INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Guangdong Hongwei Ceramic Industry Co Ltd
GUANGDONG WINTO CERAMICS CO Ltd
Guangdong Hongyu New Material Co Ltd
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Abstract

Surface of the invention is gentle, and as jade has, flower polished brick in porcelain character is seeped in the ink-jet of translucency and preparation method includes green body, billet surface acidulant and penetration-assisting agent, on the basis of the production technology not to existing porcelain seep curlicue polished bricks makes great change, formula composition of the emphasis to green body, the formula composition of billet surface acidulant, the formula composition of penetration-assisting agent, spray the spray amount of surface acidulant and penetration-assisting agent and the adjustment and optimization of kiln firing process, it is gentle as beautiful to make ink-jet obtained seep flower polished brick in porcelain character product surface, various colors, it is bright-coloured, ink-jet is seeped floral pattern and is penetrated into inside green body up to 2mm, and pattern texture clear and natural, beautiful texture is strong, product is translucent shape, translucency is good, it is overleaf irradiated with flashlight or light, shadow and interiors of products pattern can be clearly seen in front, such as rare natural penetrating emerald Unique decorative effect as jade and Agate;The technology has stronger universality simultaneously, is easy in industry promote.

Description

Surface is gentle as jade has the ink-jet of translucency to seep flower polished brick in porcelain character and preparation method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the preparation technical field of porcelain seep curlicue polished bricks, more particularly, to a kind of surface is gentle as jade has Flower polished brick in porcelain character and preparation method are seeped in the ink-jet of translucency.
Background technique:
The rare stone material such as jade, Agate is a kind of tcrude ore of bijouterie, it has quality fine and smooth, soft and moist, logical Thoroughly, the features such as rich in color, after chiseling and carving meticulously, your gas is full.Since their permeabilities are good, have fine-textured skin, is soft and moist, these Raw ore stone material be used as wall by some high-grade places after sanding and polishing, intersperse feature wall etc. it is high-grade decorate, due to these The stone material of high value gemstone grade has special permeability, and under the irradiation of its back side light, internal stone material skin texture can be from just Face reveals out, and more seem splendid, high-grade elegance, your gas is full, collection dicoration, appreciating and one, by numerous new High official scholar's pursues, and holds at high price, and conventional ceramic Wall or floor tile is with the continuous innovation of decoration technique, picture on surface, Color, the effect of texture can reach the surface effect of the rare stone material such as jade, Agate, but the inside flesh of these stone materials Reason and the current conventional ceramic Wall or floor tile of permeability are also unable to reach, if can be the inside skin texture and permeability of these rare stone materials It is replicated on ceramic wall and floor bricks product, makes this increasingly rareness, the rare Gem Grade stone material to something can only be found by accident, and not through seeking, by common wall The paving of brick, along with interspersing for light, to make splendid, high-grade grace at home, more dignitary's gas will necessarily be filled in ceramics Apparent technological innovation is generated in decorations technology, leads the new development of ceramic decoration technology, and there is considerable economic benefit.
Summary of the invention:
It is an object of the invention to overcome disadvantages mentioned above, a kind of gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in surface is provided and seeps flower porcelain Matter polished bricks and preparation method pass through on the basis of not making great change to existing porcelain seep curlicue polished bricks production technology To the formula composition of green body, the formula composition of billet surface acidulant, the formula composition of penetration-assisting agent, spray billet surface acidulant The adjustment and optimization of spray amount, the spray amount, kiln firing process of spray penetration-assisting agent, so that it is ceramic polished to spend ink-jet infiltration obtained Brick product surface is gentle as floral pattern clear and natural is seeped in jade, various colors, ink-jet and pattern penetrates into inside green body up to 2mm, production Be translucent shape, translucency of product is good, and with flashlight or light in product back side illuminaton, shadow and inside can be clearly seen in front Pattern, while the color, texture and the surface that penetrate into interiors of products pattern are almost the same, it is high-visible, three-dimensional sense is strong, there is bird with red feathers Unique decorative effect as the rare penetrating Gem Grade stone material such as emerald stone, Agate, and product surface quality is good, resistant is strong, hard The defects of degree is high, wearability is strong, pin-free, fusion hole, through Micro-Structure Analysis, product surface analysis has been expired as in natural jadeite jade Sodium aluminum silicate mineral as lagoriolite (AlNaSi2O6) fine crystals.The technology has stronger universality simultaneously, easily It is promoted in industry.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
Flower polished brick in porcelain character is seeped in the gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in surface of the invention comprising:
Green body: it is prepared by following weight percent composition:
SiO268%~70%, Al2O320%~22%, Fe2O3+TiO20.3%~0.4%, CaO+MgO 0.2% ~0.4%, K2O 2%~4%, Na2O 2%~4%, Li2O 0.2%~0.4%, P2O50.1%~0.2%, loss on ignition 3%~4%, the sum of all components are 100%;The auxiliary material that added weight percentage is 0.8%~1.2%;
Wherein: the auxiliary material includes sodium tripolyphosphate, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and sodium carbonate;The green body is 1200 DEG C~1220 DEG C of temperature lower calcinations after be translucent shape;
Billet surface acidulant: it is prepared by following parts by weight of component:
20~40 parts of acetic acid, 60~80 parts of water;
The spray amount of the billet surface acidulant is 30~50g/ ㎡;
Penetration-assisting agent: it is prepared by following parts by weight component:
60~80 parts of silica solution, 20~40 parts of acetate emulsion;
The penetration-assisting agent spray amount is 40~60g/ ㎡.
The invention further relates to a kind of surface it is gentle as jade have translucency ink-jet seep flower polished brick in porcelain character preparation method, The following steps are included:
A, the preparation of green body:
The weight percent of the component of green body are as follows:
SiO268%~70%, Al2O320%~22%, Fe2O3+TiO20.3%~0.4%, CaO+MgO 0.2% ~0.4%, K2O 2%~4%, Na2O 2%~4%, Li2O 0.2%~0.4%, P2O50.1%~0.2%, loss on ignition 3%~4%, the sum of all components are 100%;
By the weight percent content of the component of above-mentioned green body, the potassium feldspar and albite and quartz of corresponding proportion are chosen Mixed sand, pyrophyllite raw material, Nepheline syenite feedstock, lithium porcelain stone raw material, raw clay and added weight percentage are 0.8% ~1.2% auxiliary material, it at fineness is that 250 meshes tail over as mass percent that it is fine crushing through ball milling, which to add suitable water, 0.5%~0.7% and containing mass percent be 33%~35% moisture slurry, through except iron sieving spray drying be made containing quality Percentage is the powder of 6%~7% moisture, in 440~480 kilograms per centimeters2It is formed under pressure limit with automatic hydraulic press, then By throwing base, dry kiln is drying to obtain green body;
Additional auxiliary material therein includes sodium tripolyphosphate, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and sodium carbonate;
Lithium porcelain stone raw material therein is containing P2O5The lithium porcelain stone raw material of composition;
B, the preparation of billet surface acidulant, prepares by weight:
20~40 parts of acetic acid and 60~80 parts of water are mixed together and stirred evenly up to billet surface acidulant;
C, the preparation of penetration-assisting agent, prepares by weight:
60~80 parts of silica solution and 20~40 parts of acetate emulsion are mixed together and stirred evenly up to penetration-assisting agent;
D, the preparation and firing of product:
The green body that above-mentioned steps A is prepared first passes through surface cleaning, then spray cooling, then sprays above-mentioned steps B system The spray amount of standby obtained billet surface acidulant, billet surface acidulant is 30~50g/ ㎡, then sprays above-mentioned steps C and be prepared into The penetration-assisting agent arrived, the spray amount of penetration-assisting agent are 40~60g/ ㎡, need the ink-jet of different colours seeping flower further according to product design Ink carries out rational sorting, then carries out inkjet printing and seeps flower, enters back into roller kiln burning at maximum sintering temperature range is 1200 DEG C~1220 DEG C, total firing time range is 90~120 minutes, and when the temperature region firing of 1100 DEG C~1150 DEG C of guarantee Between the total firing time of Zhan 20%, then by edging, polishing, waxing to get finished product.
The present invention seeps the preparation method system of flower polished brick in porcelain character by the gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in the surface Standby finished surface various colors, clear patterns are natural, bright in luster, three-dimensional sense is strong and ink-jet is seeped floral pattern penetration depth and reached 2mm;Finger touches gentle as beautiful, and product is translucent shape, and translucency is good, with flashlight or light in product back side illuminaton, In Shadow and internal pattern can be clearly seen in front, and through Micro-Structure Analysis, lagoriolite (AlNaSi has been expired in product surface analysis2O6) Fine crystals.
Surface of the invention is gentle as jade has the ink-jet of translucency to seep flower polished brick in porcelain character and preparation method:
By the optimization formed to body recipe, introduce in body recipe containing P2O5Lithium porcelain stone raw material (such as river of composition The lithium porcelain stone of Xi great Feng porcelain stone company), the LiO in one side lithium porcelain stone2And P2O5It is strong flux, fusing point is low, can be in high temperature The melting for accelerating Free quartz, increases the transparency of melt body, to guarantee the light transmission of product;Another aspect LiO2、P2O5Also The color development of flower ink is seeped in the ink-jet helped to penetrate into green body, makes rich in color, gorgeous.LiO is introduced simultaneously2It can also generate Tiny crystallization, P2O5It is Nucleating Agent, therefore LiO2、P2O5To lagoriolite AlNaSi2O4The generation of fine crystals also acts as rush Into effect.
Nepheline syenite feedstock is introduced in body recipe, since the mineral of nepheline syenite are mainly feldspar and rosy clouds Stone (Na, K) AlSiO4Solid solution, it starts to melt at 1060 DEG C or so, can dissolve quartz at high temperature, therefore after its melting Viscosity is higher, therefore not only ensure that the light transmission of product, it is ensured that green body is unlikely to deform in high temperature firing, and heat is steady Property and mechanical strength are all high.
Simultaneously body recipe composition optimization also assure green body in high temperature with the nanosilicon in the silica solution of penetration-assisting agent Reaction, in Surface Creation lagoriolite (AlNaSi2O6) fine crystals, and this crystal is a kind of superfine amorphous structure Grain, spherical in shape, the partial size with very little, particle are existed with the aggregations of different caking property, as natural in jadeite (emerald) Sodium aluminum silicate mineral;It is straight saturating and unobstructed that these crystal can not only make light, while also because its is spherical in shape, fine and closely woven degree Height, gentle exquisiteness after polished waxing are soft and moist, fine and smooth such as the emerald after processing.
The optimization and spray of billet surface acidulant formula composition are acidified the preferred of dosage, ensure that the degree of porosity of billet surface And the aperture of stomata, advantageous ink-jet seep the seepage velocity and depth of flower ink, ensure that the color of pattern and the plumpness of texture, It is not deep enough to be permeated because of pattern, the production for the defects of lacking flower, pattern texture, lacking unity and coherence is caused in later period polishing process It is raw.
The optimization of penetration-assisting agent formula composition and spray penetration-assisting agent amount it is preferred, on the one hand ensure that in penetration-assisting agent in silica solution Nano-silicon energy and green body generate lagoriolite (AlNaSi in high temperature2O6) fine crystals, because nano-silicon partial size is small, distribution is equal It is even, large specific surface area, high surface, not only ensure that ink-jet seep flower ink color development, also easily with the Na in green body2O、 Al2O3、SiO2Equal oxides reaction, in Surface Creation lagoriolite fine crystals;The acetate emulsion in penetration-assisting agent can be with simultaneously Guarantee that ink-jet seeps flower ink rapid condensation into fine particle, be deposited in the stomata formed by the effect of billet surface acidulant, It will not be to other place diffusions, to guarantee the globality of pattern, clarity and the depth of infiltration.
The optimization of firing process is suitably kept the temperature in 1100 DEG C~1150 DEG C temperature regions, on the one hand ensure that base The transparency of body melt body in high temperature, it is ensured that the light transmission of product;On the other hand, it is kept the temperature in this region, favorably In lagoriolite (AlNaSi2O6) fine crystals generation.
Surface of the invention is gentle, and as jade has, flower polished brick in porcelain character is seeped in the ink-jet of translucency and preparation method has the following advantages:
1, due to optimize the formula composition of green body, the formula composition of billet surface acidulant, the formula composition of penetration-assisting agent, Adjustment and optimization of the spray amount of billet surface acidulant, the spray amount of penetration-assisting agent and firing process etc., to make the production of manufacture Product surface is gentle as beautiful, and product is translucent shape, and floral pattern clean mark, rich in color, bright-coloured is seeped in ink-jet, and seeps floral pattern and seep Saturating depth reaches 2mm, and translucency is good, with flashlight or light in product back side illuminaton, can be seen clearly that shadow and product in front Internal pattern, and the pattern texture at picture on surface and inside 2mm, color are almost the same, have natural penetrating jadeite jade Unique decorative effect as the rare Gem Grade stone material such as stone, Agate.Through Micro-Structure Analysis, alumina silicate has been expired in product surface analysis Sodium (AlNaSi2O6) fine crystals.
2, the product surface flatness, the modulus of rupture, flexural strength, wearability, thermal shock resistance, radioactivity reach GB/ A category alignment request in T4100-2015 annex G, GB6566-2010.
3, the product seeps the production technology of flower polished bricks using existing ink-jet, it is easy to accomplish industrialized scale.
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is the process flow for preparing the gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in surface of the invention and seeping flower polished brick in porcelain character Figure.
Specific embodiment:
Below with reference to embodiment, invention is further described in detail.
Embodiment 1:
The preparation method of flower polished brick in porcelain character is seeped in a kind of gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in surface comprising following step It is rapid:
A, green body is prepared:
Chemical composition composition such as the following table 1 of green body:
The chemical composition table (weight percent, %) of table 1, green body
Component SiO2 Al2O3 Fe2O3+TiO2 CaO+MgO K2O Na2O LiO2 P2O5 Loss on ignition
1# 68 22 0.4 0.2 4 2 0.2 0.2 3
2# 69 21 0.35 0.3 3 2.9 0.3 0.15 3
3# 70 20 0.3 0.4 2 3 0.2 0.1 4
4# 68.5 20.5 0.3 0.2 3.9 2.5 0.4 0.2 3.5
5# 68 21.3 0.4 0.3 2.4 4 0.3 0.1 3.2
Prepare green body: by the potassium feldspar and albite of 1 green body chemical composition of table selection corresponding proportion and mixing for quartz Close sand, pyrophyllite raw material, Nepheline syenite feedstock, lithium porcelain stone raw material, raw clay and added weight percentage be 0.8%~ 1.2% auxiliary material, it at fineness is that 250 meshes tail over as mass percent that it is fine crushing through ball milling, which to add suitable water, 0.5%~0.7% and containing mass percent be 33%~35% moisture glaze slip, through except iron sieving spray drying be made containing quality Percentage is the powder of 6%~7% moisture, in 440~480 kilograms per centimeters2Pressure limit under formed with automatic hydraulic press, Green body is drying to obtain using throwing base, dry kiln;Additional auxiliary material therein include sodium tripolyphosphate, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and Sodium carbonate;Lithium porcelain stone raw material therein, which is selected, contains P2O5The lithium porcelain stone raw material of composition, such as the lithium porcelain stone of Jiangxi great Feng porcelain stone company In, contain 1% or so P2O5
B, billet surface acidulant is prepared:
The formula composition of billet surface acidulant such as the following table 2:
The formula composition table (parts by weight) of table 2, billet surface acidulant
Component Acetic acid Water
1# 20 80
2# 30 70
3# 40 60
Acetic acid is weighed by the formula composition of 2 billet surface acidulant of table and water is mixed together and stirs evenly up to billet surface Acidulant;
C, penetration-assisting agent is prepared:
The formula composition of penetration-assisting agent such as the following table 3:
The formula composition table (parts by weight) of table 3, penetration-assisting agent
Component Silica solution Acetate emulsion
1# 80 20
2# 60 40
3# 70 30
Silica solution is weighed by the formula composition of 3 penetration-assisting agent of table and acetate emulsion is mixed together to stir evenly and helps infiltration to obtain the final product Agent;
D, the preparation and firing of product:
The green body that above-mentioned steps A is prepared first passes through surface cleaning, then spray cooling, then sprays above-mentioned steps B system The spray amount of standby obtained billet surface acidulant, billet surface acidulant is 30~50g/ ㎡, then sprays above-mentioned steps C and be prepared into The penetration-assisting agent arrived, the spray amount of penetration-assisting agent are 40~60g/ ㎡, need the ink-jet of different colours seeping flower further according to product design Ink carries out rational sorting, then carries out inkjet printing and seeps flower, enters back into roller kiln burning at maximum sintering temperature range is 1200 DEG C~1220 DEG C, total firing time range is 90~120 minutes, and when the temperature region firing of 1100 DEG C~1150 DEG C of guarantee Between the total firing time of Zhan 20%, then by edging, polishing, waxing to get finished product.Wherein flower ink is seeped in the ink-jet As flower ink is seeped in the ink-jet of Italian U.S. high (METCO), Guangdong Dowstone Technologies Co., Ltd..
The present invention seeps the preparation method of flower polished brick in porcelain character by a kind of gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in above-mentioned surface, Polished brick in porcelain character product pattern various colors, the clean mark being prepared are natural, bright in luster, three-dimensional sense is strong, from product side Portion can be seen that ink-jet is seeped floral pattern and penetrated into up to 2mm inside brick body, and surface and internal pattern texture and color are basic Unanimously, beautiful texture is strong, the gentle exquisiteness of finger touch-surface, and product is translucent shape, and translucency is good, is being produced with flashlight or light Shadow and such as natural penetrating rare jade of internal pattern texture, color, Ma can be clearly seen in front in product back side illuminaton Unique decorative effect as Nao stone, high-grade elegant, your gas is full, after product surface is corroded with HF, then through Micro-Structure Analysis, produces Analyse full lagoriolite (AlNaSi in product surface2O6) fine crystals, and product flatness is good, intensity is high, wear resistance is high, pin-free, molten The defects of hole.Through testing product indices such as the following table 4.
Table 4: product quality inspection result (900 × 900mm of specification)
In conclusion only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention in any form;It is all The those of ordinary skill of the industry can implement the present invention by the above and swimmingly;But all technology people for being familiar with this profession Member without departing from the scope of the present invention, repair by a little change for making using disclosed above technology contents Decorations and the equivalent variations developed, are equivalent embodiment of the invention;Meanwhile all substantial technologicals according to the present invention are to the above reality The change, modification and differentiation for applying any equivalent variations made by example, still fall within technical solution of the present invention protection scope it It is interior.

Claims (3)

1. the preparation method that flower polished brick in porcelain character is seeped in a kind of gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in surface, it is characterised in that:
Itself the following steps are included:
A, the preparation of green body:
The weight percent of the component of green body are as follows:
SiO268%~70%, Al2O320%~22%, Fe2O3+TiO20.3%~0.4%, CaO+MgO 0.2%~ 0.4%, K2O 2%~4%, Na2O 2%~4%, Li2O 0.2%~0.4%, P2O50.1%~0.2%, loss on ignition 3% ~4%, the sum of all components are 100%;
By the weight percent content of the component of above-mentioned green body, the mixing of the potassium feldspar and albite and quartz of corresponding proportion is chosen Sand, pyrophyllite raw material, Nepheline syenite feedstock, lithium porcelain stone raw material, raw clay and added weight percentage be 0.8%~ 1.2% auxiliary material, it at fineness is that 250 meshes tail over as mass percent that it is fine crushing through ball milling, which to add suitable water, 0.5%~0.7% and containing mass percent be 33%~35% moisture slurry, through except iron sieving spray drying be made containing quality Percentage is the powder of 6%~7% moisture, in 440~480 kilograms per centimeters2It is formed under pressure limit with automatic hydraulic press, then By throwing base, dry kiln is drying to obtain green body;
Additional auxiliary material therein includes sodium tripolyphosphate, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and sodium carbonate;
Lithium porcelain stone raw material therein is containing P2O5The lithium porcelain stone raw material of composition;
B, the preparation of billet surface acidulant, prepares by weight:
20~40 parts of acetic acid and 60~80 parts of water are mixed together and stirred evenly up to billet surface acidulant;
C, the preparation of penetration-assisting agent, prepares by weight:
60~80 parts of silica solution and 20~40 parts of acetate emulsion are mixed together and stirred evenly up to penetration-assisting agent;
D, the preparation and firing of product:
The green body that above-mentioned steps A is prepared first passes through surface cleaning, then spray cooling, then sprays above-mentioned steps B and be prepared into The spray amount of the billet surface acidulant arrived, billet surface acidulant is 30~50g/ ㎡, then sprays what above-mentioned steps C was prepared Penetration-assisting agent, the spray amount of penetration-assisting agent are 40~60g/ ㎡, need to seep the ink-jet of different colours into flower ink further according to product design Carry out rational sorting, then carry out inkjet printing and seep flower, enter back into roller kiln burning at, maximum sintering temperature range be 1200 DEG C~ 1220 DEG C, total firing time range is 90~120 minutes, and guarantees that 1100 DEG C~1150 DEG C of temperature region firing time accounts for The 20% of total firing time, then by edging, polishing, waxing to get finished product.
2. the preparation side that flower polished brick in porcelain character is seeped in a kind of gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in surface according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that:
The finished product spray prepared by the preparation method that flower polished brick in porcelain character is seeped in the gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in the surface Ink seeps floral pattern penetration depth and reaches 2mm, and product is translucent shape, and lagoriolite fine crystals have been expired in product surface analysis.
3. flower polished brick in porcelain character is seeped in a kind of gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in surface, it is characterised in that:
Its preparation side that flower polished brick in porcelain character is seeped by the gentle ink-jet for having translucency such as jade in surface of any of claims 1 or 2 Method obtains.
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