CN109369014A - Anti-skidding glaze and preparation method thereof and a kind of production method of skid-resistance ceramic - Google Patents

Anti-skidding glaze and preparation method thereof and a kind of production method of skid-resistance ceramic Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109369014A
CN109369014A CN201811357206.4A CN201811357206A CN109369014A CN 109369014 A CN109369014 A CN 109369014A CN 201811357206 A CN201811357206 A CN 201811357206A CN 109369014 A CN109369014 A CN 109369014A
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China
Prior art keywords
glaze
skidding
skid
oxide
water
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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Guangdong Remac Equipment Information Technology Co Ltd
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Ningbo Liancheng Housing Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811357206.4A priority Critical patent/CN109369014A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • C03C8/08Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form containing phosphorus
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of anti-skidding glaze, the anti-skidding glaze includes the component of following weight percentage: silica 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide 17.5%~20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%.The invention also discloses a kind of preparation method of anti-skidding glaze and a kind of production methods of skid-resistance ceramic.Using anti-skidding glaze charity provided by the invention in Ceramic tile adobe, the glaze layer surface for the skid-proof ceramic tile being fired into has the crystal protrusion of a large amount of micron levels, it is easy to clean to have good antiskid effect, and since the size of crystal protrusion only is micron level.

Description

Anti-skidding glaze and preparation method thereof and a kind of production method of skid-resistance ceramic
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic technology field more particularly to anti-skidding glaze and preparation method thereof and a kind of skid-resistance ceramics Production method.
Background technique
It counts within 2014: because of reasons such as ceramic brick floorings excessively cunning causing every year in the whole nation according to Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China The incident of injury that slips be more than 10,000,000, its severity and economic loss are only second to traffic accident.Every year due to unexpected cunning It causes the ratio of the hospitalization datas such as fracture, strain to account for whole 35%, therefore, anti-skidding processing is carried out to Ceramic Tiles and very must It wants.
Currently, carrying out anti-skidding processing to Ceramic Tiles mainly prepares a large amount of concaveconvex structure in ceramic brick surface, increase pottery The roughness of ceramic tile finally plays anti-skidding effect.For example, corrosive agent is applied to tile surface, it is uneven in ceramic brick surface Ground manufactures a large amount of pits;Or by adhering to one layer of anti-skidding pearl particles at dotted reticulate pattern distribution of shapes in glaze paint;Or Select male and female mold that wavy bulge floral designs etc. are set in surface layer.But the Ceramic Tiles that current anti-skidding processing method obtains The size of concaveconvex structure is larger, is difficult to clean after contaminated.
Above content is only used to facilitate the understanding of the technical scheme, and is not represented and is recognized that above content is existing skill Art.
Summary of the invention
The main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of anti-skidding glaze and preparation method thereof and a kind of productions of skid-resistance ceramic Method, it is intended to which the size for solving the Ceramic Tiles concaveconvex structure that current anti-skidding processing method obtains is larger, is difficult to after contaminated clear Clean problem.
To achieve the purpose of the present invention, the present invention provides a kind of anti-skidding glaze, and the anti-skidding glaze includes following weight hundred The component of point ratio: silica 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide 17.5%~20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, Sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~2.0%, Diboron trioxide 7%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%.
Preferably, the anti-skidding glaze includes the component of following weight percentage: silica 49.5%~55.0%, and three Al 2 O 18.0%~19.0%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~ 2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~5.0%, lithia 0.5%~1.0%, diboron trioxide 8%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 1.5%~3.5%.
Preferably, the anti-skidding glaze includes the component of following weight percentage: silica 53.0%, aluminum oxide 18.5%, magnesia 11.0%, sodium oxide molybdena 2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%, calcium oxide 2.5%, lithia 1.0%, three oxidations two Boron 10%, phosphorus pentoxide 1.5%.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of anti-skidding glaze, the preparation of the anti-skidding glaze Method includes:
Following raw materials: silica 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide 17.5% are weighed according to following weight percent ~20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%;
Water for ball milling is added to obtain the first slurry the raw material;
It will be ground after first slurry drying, sieving obtains powder;
By the powder high-temperature fusion, the product after the completion of high-temperature fusion is directly poured into water to obtain frit;
Water for ball milling is added to obtain the second slurry the frit after cooling;
It will be ground after second slurry drying, sieving obtains anti-skidding glaze.
Preferably, described the step of adding water for ball milling, includes:
It is 40%~65% that the raw material or the frit, which are added water to solid content, ball milling 0.8h~2h.
Preferably, in the step of sieving, sieve used includes 60 meshes.
Preferably, the temperature of the high-temperature fusion is 1500 DEG C~1650 DEG C, when melting a length of 1.5h~3h.
In order to achieve the above object, the skid-resistance ceramic includes such as the present invention also provides a kind of production method of skid-resistance ceramic Upper described in any item anti-skidding glaze, the production method of the skid-resistance ceramic include:
Following raw materials: silica 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide 17.5% are weighed according to following weight percent ~20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%;
Water for ball milling is added to obtain the first slurry the raw material;
It will be ground after first slurry drying, sieving obtains powder;
By the powder high-temperature fusion, the product after the completion of high-temperature fusion is directly poured into water to obtain frit;
Water for ball milling is added to obtain the second slurry the frit after cooling;
It will be ground after second slurry drying, sieving obtains anti-skidding glaze;
The anti-skidding glaze is taken, adding water to solid content is 55%~70%, and is added and accounts for the anti-skidding glaze quality 1.5% ~3% kaolin and 0.8%~1.5% carboxymethyl cellulose, ball milling obtains glaze slip;
By the glaze slip charity on ceramic idiosome surface;
By the ceramic idiosome of anti-skidding glaze slip described in charity using being burnt under roller kilns oxidizing atmosphere, anti-skidding pottery is obtained Porcelain.
Preferably, it is described by the glaze slip charity the ceramic idiosome surface the step of in, the glaze slip is in the ceramic embryo Charity on body is with a thickness of 200 μm~400 μm.
Preferably, the condition of the firing are as follows:
Firing temperature is 1200 DEG C~1250 DEG C, and soaking time is 100min~130min.
The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of anti-skidding glaze and preparation method thereof and skid-resistance ceramic and its production method, described anti- Sliding glaze includes the component of following weight percentage: silica 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide 17.5%~20.5%, Magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~6.0%, Lithia 0.5%~2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%.Anti-skidding glaze provided by the invention Material can generate the nucleus of cordierite crystal, and by the anti-skidding glaze charity in Ceramic tile adobe, nuclei growth be given birth to when firing At crystal, wherein the crystal close to the nuclei growth formation of glaze layer surface forms protrusion in glaze layer surface, pass through control firing temperature The size of degree and time control crystallization protrusion, so that the glaze layer surface for the skid-proof ceramic tile being fired into has a large amount of micron levels Crystal protrusion be easy to clear to have good antiskid effect, and since the size of crystal protrusion only is micron level It is clean.
Specific embodiment
It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
Firstly, the production method of preparation method and Antiskid ceramic tile to anti-skidding glaze provided in an embodiment of the present invention carries out letter It summarizes.
The preparation method of anti-skidding glaze provided in an embodiment of the present invention the following steps are included:
(1) following raw materials: silica 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide are weighed according to following weight percent 17.5%~20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, oxidation Calcium 2.5%~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%.
(2) weighed raw material is packed into ball grinder, it is 40%~65% that pure water to solid content, which is added, and grinding medium is added Matter (such as high alumina ballstone), ball milling 0.8h~2h obtain the first slurry.
(3) it will be ground after first slurry drying, sieving obtains powder, it is preferable that the sieve used that is sieved is 60 meshes.
(4) powder is fitted into container (such as corundum crucible), carries out high-temperature fusion, wherein melting temperature is 1500 DEG C~1650 DEG C, melt duration 1.5h~3h, during high-temperature fusion, silica, aluminum oxide and magnesia Cordierite nucleus is generated, the addition of lithia can reduce the nucleation temperature of cordierite nucleus, so that at 1500 DEG C~1650 DEG C Cordierite nucleus is produced in temperature range, the addition of phosphorus pentoxide can be improved the nucleation rate of cordierite nucleus, oxygen Change calcium additions then improve melting objects system viscosity, prevent nucleus is too fast from growing up so that high-temperature fusion obtain melt Melting has a large amount of nucleus in object;After the completion of high-temperature fusion, obtained product (fusant) is directly poured into water, quenching obtains Frit, fusant quenching can prevent nuclei growth from crystallizing, and the frit being quenched is the vitreum containing a large amount of nucleus.
(5) pure water to solid content is added in the frit after cooling is 40%~65%, and be added abrasive media (such as High alumina ballstone), ball milling 0.8h~2h obtains the second slurry.
(6) will second slurry it is dry after grind, sieving obtains anti-skidding glaze, it is preferable that the sieve used that is sieved includes 60 meshes.
It include the component of following weight percentage: silica according to the anti-skidding glaze that above-mentioned preparation method is prepared 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide 17.5%~20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, Potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, Phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%.
The preparation method of skid-resistance ceramic provided in an embodiment of the present invention the following steps are included:
(1) body preparation: (i.e. firing temperature is between 1100 DEG C~1250 DEG C for the selection common medium temperature blank raw material of glazed tile Blank raw material, i.e., with plastic clay, feldspar, sand, additive (additive can include but is not limited to plasticizer, water-reducing agent etc.) Deng plus water polo be milled into slurry;Then it after except the processes such as iron, aging, is delivered to spray drying tower spray drying and powder is made; Again by powder carry to formation system cloth punch forming, adobe is made, the size of adobe can voluntarily be set according to actual needs It sets, for example, can be by body preparation at the specification of 600mm × 600mm;It is dry that dry kiln is sent into manufactured adobe;Dried Green body can carry out next step operation after surface cleans.
Preferably, in order to increase the aesthetics of the skid-resistance ceramic being prepared, dried green body is after surface cleans, also It can carry out stamp and form printed layer;Printing technology can choose silk screen, roller, ink-jet or more than several stamp modes combine, Ink-jet printed mode is selected to form printed layer in the present embodiment, printing machine is the ink-jet decorating machine for wishing the production of pottery machine, ink For Kang Litai company palm fibre produced, yellow, blue, four chromatic inks of palm fibre.
(2) glaze slip prepare: weigh the anti-skidding glaze being prepared according to the above method, add water to solid content be 55%~ 70%, and the carboxymethyl cellulose of the kaolin and 0.8%~1.5% that account for the anti-skidding glaze quality 1.5%~3% is added, It is added abrasive media (such as high alumina ballstone), ball milling 0.8h~2h obtains glaze slip.
(3) the glaze slip charity that step (2) is prepared (glaze slip charity: is worked as into institute on the green body that step (1) is prepared When stating green body with printed layer, the glaze slip charity is in printed layer), control the glaze slip cloth impose on after green body with a thickness of 200 μm~400 μm.
(4) enter kiln firing: after charity glaze slip body drying, entering roller kilns oxidizing atmosphere and be fired into skid-resistance ceramic; Wherein, firing condition is as follows: firing temperature (i.e. maximum temperature) is 1200 DEG C~1250 DEG C, and maximum temperature soaking time is 100min~130min, firing period are 140min~160min;In sintering process, the nuclei growth in glaze layer forms crystal, Wherein protrusion, the size and firing of crystal protrusion are formed in glaze layer surface close to the crystal that the nuclei growth of glaze layer surface is formed Temperature is related with soaking time, the size of the crystal protrusion of the glaze layer surface for the skid-resistance ceramic being fired under the above conditions For micron level.
Further, skid-resistance ceramic finished product can be obtained through edging chamfered after being fired into the cooling of skid-resistance ceramic kiln discharge.
It include idiosome layer and anti-skidding glaze layer (when being printed on green body according to the skid-resistance ceramic that above-mentioned preparation method is prepared Hua Shi, then the skid-resistance ceramic includes idiosome layer, printed layer and anti-skidding glaze layer), wherein the anti-skidding glaze layer includes following weight The component of percentage: silica 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide 17.5%~20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~ 12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~ 2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%.
Embodiment 1
Anti-skidding glaze preparation: following raw materials: silica 50%, aluminum oxide are weighed according to following weight percent 17.5%, magnesia 8.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1%, potassium oxide 0.5%, calcium oxide 6%, lithia 1.5%, diboron trioxide 11%, phosphorus pentoxide 4%;Weighed raw material is packed into ball milling filling, it is 60% that pure water to solid content, which is added, and high alumina is added Ballstone obtains the first slurry as abrasive media, ball milling 1h;It will be ground after first slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain powder Body;The powder is packed into corundum crucible, is placed in 1600 DEG C of environment and keeps the temperature 2h, then pour into the room temperature under room temperature rapidly Frit is obtained in water;It is 60% that the frit after cooling, which is added water to solid content, and it is abrasive media that high aluminium ball masonry, which is added, Ball milling 1h obtains the second slurry;It will be ground after second slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain anti-skidding glaze 1.
Glaze slip preparation: weighing anti-skidding glaze 1, and adding water to solid content is 60%, and the height for accounting for anti-skidding glaze quality 2% is added Ridge soil and 1% carboxymethyl cellulose, ball milling 1h obtains glaze slip 1.
Glaze slip charity: by 1 charity of glaze slip, (preparation method of green body is same as above, herein no longer on the green body with printed layer Repeat), the charity of glaze slip 1 is controlled with a thickness of 350 μm.
Enter kiln firing: after the body drying of charity glaze slip 1, entering roller kilns oxidizing atmosphere and be fired into skid-resistance ceramic 1; Wherein, firing condition is as follows: firing temperature (i.e. maximum temperature) is 1250 DEG C, and maximum temperature soaking time is 100min, firing Period is 150min.It is fired into after the cooling of 1 kiln discharge of skid-resistance ceramic further through edging chamfered, obtains skid-resistance ceramic finished product 1.
Detection: observing by the naked eye, and the glaze layer of skid-resistance ceramic 1 is transparent glaze layer;By scanning electron microscope to skid-resistance ceramic 1 Glaze layer surface is analyzed, and the glaze layer surface of skid-resistance ceramic 1 has the protrusion of a large amount of micron levels as the result is shown.
Embodiment 2
Anti-skidding glaze preparation: following raw materials: silica 55%, aluminum oxide are weighed according to following weight percent 20.5%, magnesia 9%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.5%, potassium oxide 0.5%, calcium oxide 4.5%, lithia 2%, diboron trioxide 7%; Weighed raw material is packed into ball milling filling, it is 50% that pure water to solid content, which is added, and it is abrasive media, ball that high aluminium ball masonry, which is added, 1h is ground, the first slurry is obtained;It will be ground after first slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain powder;The powder is packed into rigid Beautiful crucible is placed in 1500 DEG C of environment and keeps the temperature 3h, obtains frit in the water of the room temperature then poured into rapidly under room temperature;It will cool down It is 50% that the frit afterwards, which adds water to solid content, and it is abrasive media that high aluminium ball masonry, which is added, and ball milling 1h obtains the second slurry Material;It will be ground after second slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain anti-skidding glaze 2.
Glaze slip preparation: weighing anti-skidding glaze 2, and adding water to solid content is 55%, and the height for accounting for anti-skidding glaze quality 3% is added Ridge soil and 1.5% carboxymethyl cellulose, ball milling 1h obtains glaze slip 2.
Glaze slip charity: by 2 charity of glaze slip, (preparation method of green body is same as above, herein no longer on the green body with printed layer Repeat), the charity of glaze slip 2 is controlled with a thickness of 200 μm.
Enter kiln firing: after the body drying of charity glaze slip 2, entering roller kilns oxidizing atmosphere and be fired into skid-resistance ceramic 2; Wherein, firing condition is as follows: firing temperature (i.e. maximum temperature) is 1220 DEG C, and maximum temperature soaking time is 130min, firing Period is 160min.It is fired into after the cooling of 2 kiln discharge of skid-resistance ceramic further through edging chamfered, obtains skid-resistance ceramic finished product 2.
Detection: observing by the naked eye, and the glaze layer of skid-resistance ceramic 2 is transparent glaze layer;By scanning electron microscope to skid-resistance ceramic 2 Glaze layer surface is analyzed, and the glaze layer surface of skid-resistance ceramic 2 has the protrusion of a large amount of micron levels as the result is shown.
Embodiment 3
Anti-skidding glaze preparation: following raw materials: silica 49.5%, aluminum oxide are weighed according to following weight percent 18%, magnesia 12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 2%, potassium oxide 2%, calcium oxide 5%, lithia 1%, diboron trioxide 8%, five oxygen Change two phosphorus 2%;Weighed raw material is packed into ball milling filling, it is 65% that pure water to solid content, which is added, and high aluminium ball masonry is added and is Abrasive media, ball milling 1.5h obtain the first slurry;It will be ground after first slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain powder;By institute It states powder and is packed into corundum crucible, be placed in 1650 DEG C of environment and keep the temperature 1.5h, then pour into rapidly in the water of the room temperature under room temperature Obtain frit;It is 65% that the frit after cooling, which is added water to solid content, and it is abrasive media, ball milling that high aluminium ball masonry, which is added, 1.5h obtains the second slurry;It will be ground after second slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain anti-skidding glaze 3.
Glaze slip preparation: weighing anti-skidding glaze 3, and adding water to solid content is 65%, and is added and accounts for anti-skidding glaze quality 1.5% Kaolin and 0.8% carboxymethyl cellulose, ball milling 1.5h obtains glaze slip 3.
Glaze slip charity: by 3 charity of glaze slip, (preparation method of green body is same as above, herein no longer on the green body with printed layer Repeat), the charity of glaze slip 3 is controlled with a thickness of 300 μm.
Enter kiln firing: after the body drying of charity glaze slip 3, entering roller kilns oxidizing atmosphere and be fired into skid-resistance ceramic 3; Wherein, firing condition is as follows: firing temperature (i.e. maximum temperature) is 1200 DEG C, and maximum temperature soaking time is 100min, firing Period is 140min.It is fired into after the cooling of 3 kiln discharge of skid-resistance ceramic further through edging chamfered, obtains skid-resistance ceramic finished product 3.
Detection: observing by the naked eye, and the glaze layer of skid-resistance ceramic 3 is transparent glaze layer;By scanning electron microscope to skid-resistance ceramic 3 Glaze layer surface is analyzed, and the glaze layer surface of skid-resistance ceramic 3 has the protrusion of a large amount of micron levels as the result is shown.
Embodiment 4
Anti-skidding glaze preparation: following raw materials: silica 51%, aluminum oxide are weighed according to following weight percent 19%, magnesia 8.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1%, potassium oxide 1.5%, calcium oxide 4%, lithia 0.5%, diboron trioxide 11%, Phosphorus pentoxide 3.5%;Weighed raw material is packed into ball milling filling, it is 60% that pure water to solid content, which is added, and high aluminium ball is added Masonry is abrasive media, and ball milling 2h obtains the first slurry;It will be ground after first slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain powder; The powder is packed into corundum crucible, is placed in 1600 DEG C of environment and keeps the temperature 2h, then pour into the water of the room temperature under room temperature rapidly In obtain frit;It is 60% that the frit after cooling, which is added water to solid content, and it is abrasive media, ball that high aluminium ball masonry, which is added, 2h is ground, the second slurry is obtained;It will be ground after second slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain anti-skidding glaze 4.
Glaze slip preparation: weighing anti-skidding glaze 4, and adding water to solid content is 70%, and the height for accounting for anti-skidding glaze quality 2% is added Ridge soil and 1% carboxymethyl cellulose, ball milling 2h obtains glaze slip 4.
Glaze slip charity: by 4 charity of glaze slip, (preparation method of green body is same as above, herein no longer on the green body with printed layer Repeat), the charity of glaze slip 4 is controlled with a thickness of 400 μm.
Enter kiln firing: after the body drying of charity glaze slip 4, entering roller kilns oxidizing atmosphere and be fired into skid-resistance ceramic 4; Wherein, firing condition is as follows: firing temperature (i.e. maximum temperature) is 1240 DEG C, and maximum temperature soaking time is 120min, firing Period is 150min.It is fired into after the cooling of 4 kiln discharge of skid-resistance ceramic further through edging chamfered, obtains skid-resistance ceramic finished product 4.
Detection: observing by the naked eye, and the glaze layer of skid-resistance ceramic 4 is transparent glaze layer;By scanning electron microscope to skid-resistance ceramic 4 Glaze layer surface is analyzed, and the glaze layer surface of skid-resistance ceramic 4 has the protrusion of a large amount of micron levels as the result is shown.
Embodiment 5
Anti-skidding glaze preparation: following raw materials: silica 53%, aluminum oxide are weighed according to following weight percent 18.5%, magnesia 11%, sodium oxide molybdena 2%, potassium oxide 0.5%, calcium oxide 2.5%, lithia 1%, diboron trioxide 10%, Phosphorus pentoxide 1.5%;Weighed raw material is packed into ball milling filling, it is 40% that pure water to solid content, which is added, and high aluminium ball is added Masonry is abrasive media, and ball milling 0.8h obtains the first slurry;It will be ground after first slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain powder Body;The powder is packed into corundum crucible, is placed in 1550 DEG C of environment and keeps the temperature 2.5h, then pour into the room temperature under room temperature rapidly Water in obtain frit;It is 40% that the frit after cooling, which is added water to solid content, and it is grinding medium that high aluminium ball masonry, which is added, Matter, ball milling 2.5h obtain the second slurry;It will be ground after second slurry drying, cross 60 meshes and obtain anti-skidding glaze 5.
Glaze slip preparation: weighing anti-skidding glaze 5, and adding water to solid content is 60%, and is added and accounts for anti-skidding glaze quality 2.5% Kaolin and 1.5% carboxymethyl cellulose, ball milling 0.8h obtains glaze slip 5.
Glaze slip charity: by 5 charity of glaze slip, (preparation method of green body is same as above, herein no longer on the green body with printed layer Repeat), the charity of glaze slip 5 is controlled with a thickness of 250 μm.
Enter kiln firing: after the body drying of charity glaze slip 5, entering roller kilns oxidizing atmosphere and be fired into skid-resistance ceramic 5; Wherein, firing condition is as follows: firing temperature (i.e. maximum temperature) is 1210 DEG C, and maximum temperature soaking time is 110min, firing Period is 140min.It is fired into after the cooling of 5 kiln discharge of skid-resistance ceramic further through edging chamfered, obtains skid-resistance ceramic finished product 5.
Detection: observing by the naked eye, and the glaze layer of skid-resistance ceramic 5 is transparent glaze layer;By scanning electron microscope to skid-resistance ceramic 5 Glaze layer surface is analyzed, and the glaze layer surface of skid-resistance ceramic 5 has the protrusion of a large amount of micron levels as the result is shown.
As can be seen from the above results, the glaze layer for the Antiskid ceramic tile that any embodiment obtains in embodiment 1-5 is transparent Glaze layer does not influence the observation of printed layer, therefore will not affect to the aesthetics of Antiskid ceramic tile.Scanning electron microscope testing result is aobvious Show the glaze layer surface for the Antiskid ceramic tile that any embodiment obtains in embodiment 1-5 all have a large amount of micron levels crystal it is convex It rises, the presence of crystal protrusion makes Antiskid ceramic tile have good non-skid property;Moreover, because crystal protrusion is only micron Rank will not shelter evil people and countenance evil practices, easy to clean.
In addition, the skid-resistance ceramic that above-described embodiment is prepared, the density of the crystal protrusion of glaze layer surface is bigger, anti-skidding Performance is better.It is shown by glaze layer testing result of the scanning electron microscope to the embodiment 1-5 skid-resistance ceramic being prepared, above-mentioned implementation The density of the crystal protrusion for the skid-resistance ceramic glaze layer surface that example is prepared successively becomes larger in the following order: skid-resistance ceramic 1, Skid-resistance ceramic 2, skid-resistance ceramic 3, skid-resistance ceramic 4, skid-resistance ceramic 5;I.e. the skid-resistance ceramic that is prepared of above-described embodiment is anti-skidding Performance successively becomes excellent in the following order: skid-resistance ceramic 1, skid-resistance ceramic 2, skid-resistance ceramic 3, skid-resistance ceramic 4, skid-resistance ceramic 5.
It should be noted that, in this document, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to non-row His property includes, so that the process, method, article or the system that include a series of elements not only include those elements, and And further include other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or system institute it is intrinsic Element.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that including being somebody's turn to do There is also other identical elements in the process, method of element, article or system.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, all to utilize this hair Equivalent article or equivalent process transformation made by bright description are applied directly or indirectly in other relevant technology necks Domain is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of anti-skidding glaze, which is characterized in that the anti-skidding glaze includes the component of following weight percentage: silica 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide 17.5%~20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, Potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, Phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%.
2. anti-skidding glaze as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the anti-skidding glaze includes the group of following weight percentage Point: silica 49.5%~55%, aluminum oxide 18.0%~19.0%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5%~5.0%, lithia 0.5%~1.0%, three oxidations Two boron 8%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 1.5%~3.5%.
3. anti-skidding glaze as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the anti-skidding glaze includes the group of following weight percentage Point: silica 53.0%, aluminum oxide 18.5%, magnesia 11.0%, sodium oxide molybdena 2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%, oxidation Calcium 2.5%, lithia 1.0%, diboron trioxide 10%, phosphorus pentoxide 1.5%.
4. a kind of preparation method of anti-skidding glaze according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the preparation of the anti-skidding glaze Method includes:
Following raw materials: silica 49.5%~55% are weighed according to following weight percent, aluminum oxide 17.5%~ 20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5% ~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%;
Water for ball milling is added to obtain the first slurry the raw material;
It will be ground after first slurry drying, sieving obtains powder;
By the powder high-temperature fusion, the product after the completion of high-temperature fusion is directly poured into water to obtain frit;
Water for ball milling is added to obtain the second slurry the frit after cooling;
It will be ground after second slurry drying, sieving obtains anti-skidding glaze.
5. the preparation method of anti-skidding glaze as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the step of described plus water for ball milling includes:
It is 40%~65% that the raw material or the frit, which are added water to solid content, ball milling 0.8h~2h.
6. the preparation method of anti-skidding glaze as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that in the step of the sieving, sieve used Net includes 60 meshes.
7. the preparation method of anti-skidding glaze as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the temperature of the high-temperature fusion is 1500 DEG C~1650 DEG C, when melting a length of 1.5h~3h.
8. a kind of production method of skid-resistance ceramic, which is characterized in that the skid-resistance ceramic includes as described in claim 1 anti-skidding The production method of glaze, the skid-resistance ceramic includes:
Following raw materials: silica 49.5%~55% are weighed according to following weight percent, aluminum oxide 17.5%~ 20.5%, magnesia 8.5%~12.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.0%~2.0%, potassium oxide 0.5%~2.0%, calcium oxide 2.5% ~6.0%, lithia 0.5%~2.0%, diboron trioxide 7%~11%, phosphorus pentoxide 0%~4%;
Water for ball milling is added to obtain the first slurry the raw material;
It will be ground after first slurry drying, sieving obtains powder;
By the powder high-temperature fusion, the product after the completion of high-temperature fusion is directly poured into water to obtain frit;
Water for ball milling is added to obtain the second slurry the frit after cooling;
It will be ground after second slurry drying, sieving obtains anti-skidding glaze;
Take the anti-skidding glaze, adding water to solid content is 55%~70%, and be added account for the anti-skidding glaze quality 1.5%~ 3% kaolin and 0.8%~1.5% carboxymethyl cellulose, ball milling obtains glaze slip;
By the glaze slip charity on ceramic idiosome surface;
By the ceramic idiosome of anti-skidding glaze slip described in charity using being burnt under roller kilns oxidizing atmosphere, skid-resistance ceramic is obtained.
9. the production method of skid-resistance ceramic as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that it is described by the glaze slip charity in ceramics In the step of idiosome surface, charity of the glaze slip in the ceramic idiosome is with a thickness of 200 μm~400 μm.
10. the production method of skid-resistance ceramic as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the condition of the firing are as follows:
Firing temperature is 1200 DEG C~1250 DEG C, and soaking time is 100min~130min.
CN201811357206.4A 2018-11-14 2018-11-14 Anti-skidding glaze and preparation method thereof and a kind of production method of skid-resistance ceramic Pending CN109369014A (en)

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CN106892683A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-06-27 景德镇陶瓷大学 A kind of architectural pottery high abrasion transparent microcrystal fritted glaze and the preparation method and obtained product of glaze layer
CN106946460A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-07-14 华南理工大学 A kind of cordierite transparent wear glaze and preparation method thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05118116A (en) * 1991-10-30 1993-05-14 Inax Corp Nonslip tile
CN105837172A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-08-10 广东宏陶陶瓷有限公司 Resource-saving glazed ceramic tile having antiskid effect on surface and preparation method thereof
CN106892683A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-06-27 景德镇陶瓷大学 A kind of architectural pottery high abrasion transparent microcrystal fritted glaze and the preparation method and obtained product of glaze layer
CN106946460A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-07-14 华南理工大学 A kind of cordierite transparent wear glaze and preparation method thereof

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