CN107352968A - A kind of preparation method of ceramic body and bright convex glaze ceramics - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of ceramic body and bright convex glaze ceramics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107352968A
CN107352968A CN201710736038.9A CN201710736038A CN107352968A CN 107352968 A CN107352968 A CN 107352968A CN 201710736038 A CN201710736038 A CN 201710736038A CN 107352968 A CN107352968 A CN 107352968A
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China
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parts
ceramic
floral designs
glaze
convex glaze
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CN201710736038.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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徐文军
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四川汇丰陶瓷有限公司
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Publication of CN107352968A publication Critical patent/CN107352968A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/24Manufacture of porcelain or white ware
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • C04B33/34Burning methods combined with glazing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/009After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone characterised by the material treated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions

Abstract

The present invention relates to ceramic fabrication technique field, there is provided the preparation method of a kind of ceramic body and bright convex glaze ceramics;The raw material of the ceramic body includes:Potassium feldspar, albite, quartz sand, china clay, calcite, burn talcum, brightening agent, aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;The ceramic body has excellent mechanical property.The preparation method includes:The raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body is mixed and wears into mud, dries and controls humidity to form ceramic blank bottom powder, it is re-compacted into ceramic body;Carry out first sintering;Ground-coat enamel and cover-coat enamel are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;Stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first floral designs;Dry the first floral designs;Stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, forms the second floral designs;Second of sintering is carried out again.The bright convex glaze ceramics that the preparation method is prepared can reach the visual effect of " horizontal to regard ridge side Cheng Feng as, far and near height is variant ".

Description

A kind of preparation method of ceramic body and bright convex glaze ceramics
Technical field
The invention belongs to ceramic fabrication technique field, specifically, is related to the system of a kind of ceramic body and bright convex glaze ceramics Preparation Method.
Background technology
From ancient times to the present, the history of the existing more than one thousand years of ceramic manufacture, ceramics are used as life appliance, handicraft etc. extensively by people Like.
The stamp of conventional ceramic product surface can not be by the refraction of light, and what is seen from any angle is that identical is single Pattern, if things go on like this, easily cause aestheticly tired.
Therefore, inventing a kind of bright convex glaze ceramics that can solve the problem that above mentioned problem and preparation method thereof turns into urgently to be resolved hurrily at present The problem of.
The content of the invention
For deficiency above-mentioned in the prior art, the first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of ceramic body, the ceramics Base substrate has excellent mechanical property.
For deficiency above-mentioned in the prior art, the second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation of bright convex glaze ceramics Method, the bright convex glaze ceramics that the preparation method is prepared can reach " horizontal to regard ridge side Cheng Feng as, far and near height is variant " Visual effect, from different perspectives viewing can show different visual effects, and with anti-skidding, wear-resisting, the advantages that easy cleaning.
In order to achieve the above object, the preferable solution that uses of the present invention is:
A kind of ceramic body, its raw materials by weight portion meter include:Potassium feldspar 30-40 parts, albite 20-30 parts, quartz Sand 5-15 parts, china clay 5-15 parts, calcite 3-8 parts, burn talcum 3-8 parts, brightening agent 3-8 parts, aluminum oxide 1-4 parts and zinc oxide 1-3 parts.
Further, in preferred embodiments of the present invention, count in parts by weight, potassium feldspar is 32-38 parts, and albite is 22-28 parts, quartz sand are 8-12 parts, and china clay is 8-12 parts, and calcite is 4-7 parts, and burning talcum is 4-7 parts, brightening agent 4-7 Part, aluminum oxide is 2-3.5 parts and zinc oxide is 1.5-2.5 parts.
Further, in preferred embodiments of the present invention, count in parts by weight, potassium feldspar is 35 parts, albite 25 Part, quartz sand be 10 parts, china clay be 10 parts, calcite be 5 parts, burn talcum be 5 parts, brightening agent be 5 parts, aluminum oxide be 3 parts with And zinc oxide is 2 parts.
A kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics, including following preparation process:(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body by weight Mud is worn into the meter mixing of amount number, dries mud, and controls humidity to 40%~80% formation ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramics Base bottom powder pressing is into ceramic body;(2) ceramic body is 1100-1300 DEG C of progress first sintering 40-50min in temperature, It is 6HB to its hardness;(3) one layer of ground-coat enamel and an aspect glaze are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;(4) ink-jet printed skill is used Art carries out stamp to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water, forms one layer of first floral designs;(5) control temperature dries the under the conditions of 40~60 DEG C One floral designs;(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, forms multilayer second Floral designs;(7) ceramic body is second of sintering 40-50min of 1100-1300 DEG C of progress in temperature.
Further, in preferred embodiments of the present invention, the raw material of ink includes coloured pigment, solvent and dispersant.
Further, in preferred embodiments of the present invention, the thickness of the first floral designs is 1~5mm.
Further, in preferred embodiments of the present invention, the raw material of bright convex glaze glaze includes flashlight powder and glass dregs.
Further, in preferred embodiments of the present invention, the thickness of the second floral designs is 3~5mm.
Further, in preferred embodiments of the present invention, in step (1), mud is dried under the conditions of 80-90 DEG C Dry 18-22min.
Further, the thickness of , Di You and cover-coat enamel is 3-8mm in preferred embodiments of the present invention.
The beneficial effect of the preparation method of a kind of ceramic body provided by the invention and bright convex glaze ceramics is:
(1) raw material of ceramic body provided in an embodiment of the present invention includes potassium feldspar, albite, quartz sand, china clay, Fang Xie Stone, burn talcum, brightening agent, aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;
Wherein, in this application, potassium feldspar and albite are as ceramic body dispensing, and it is former to play lean property for feldspar before burning till The effect of material, reduce drying for base substrate and shrink and deform, improve drying property, shorten drying time;It can be used as when burning till molten Agent reduces firing temperature, promotes quartz and kaolin melting, and diffuse into one another infiltration in the liquid phase and accelerate the formation of mullite; The feldspar vitreum generated in melting is filled between the mullite grains of base substrate, is made base substrate fine and close and is reduced space, so as to carry High its mechanical strength and dielectric properties;In addition the generation of feldspar glass can also improve the translucency of base substrate;Quartz sand is non-eductive Property raw material, its mullite crystal generated in high temperature with clay assigns porcelain higher mechanical strength and chemical stability, and The translucence of base substrate can be increased, be the very good material for preparing white glaze;China clay is made up of kaolin, feldspar, quartz etc., mainly into It is divided into silica and alundum (Al2O3), and contains small amounts iron, titanium oxide, calcium oxide, magnesia, potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena Deng;Its plasticity and binding ability is higher, and refractoriness is high;Calcite can not only increase volume, reduce cost, be main Be can improve the processing characteristics of matrix, can also serve reinforcement, anti-tensile, it is wear-resisting, tear-resistant, improve gloss etc.;Burn talcum energy Firing temperature is enough reduced, increases base substrate whiteness and heat endurance, widens firing range;
Brightening agent because this product color is whiter, can be widely used for light color or colored article in, brightening agent be exposed to ultraviolet light and There are ageing-resistant and non-discolouring excellent properties under the conditions of water retting, in light color or colored article use can replace or part generation For expensive titanium dioxide, white carbon, it can also be used in acidproof, alkaline-resisting, heat-resisting and electric insulation product, in dark or black The materials such as high abrasion, general, half reinforcement, white carbon can be replaced when being used in product, brightening agent is in each product using achievable High number filling, the formulation cost of product can be greatly lowered, there is tinting strength, tinting power and strong covering power, and with heat-resisting, fast light, resistance to Diluted acid, alkaline-resisting, resistance to vulcanization, it is good to the stability of light and heat the features such as, the tensile strength of brightening agent, stress at definite elongation, increase product Dimensional stability, assign product good disguise, brightening agent can improve the performance of dry material, easily scattered when in use, Do not fly upward, do not delay vulcanizing;
Effect of the aluminum oxide in ceramics be mainly:Wearability, increase intensity, form surface composite coating, this coating But the machinery of matrix surface, physical and chemical properties are improved, assigns the new mechanics of matrix surface, calorifics, optics, electricity The function such as magnetics and catalysis sensitivity;
In this application, coordinated between each raw material of ceramic body, can make ceramic body is made and show burning Small into shrinking, water absorption rate is low, the excellent mechanical property such as intensity height;Potassium feldspar, albite, quartz sand, china clay, calcite, burn Raw material of the proportioning of talcum, brightening agent, aluminum oxide and zinc oxide through obtained by inventor's Creative Design, being prepared according to the proportioning Preparation-obtained ceramic body, it has more excellent mechanical property.
(2) preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics provided in an embodiment of the present invention, including:Passed through using above-mentioned ceramic body raw material Defibrination is mixed, the ceramic blank bottom powder of humidity to 40%~80% is dried to, the control of humidity scope, is advantageous to ceramic blank The follow-up of bottom powder is pressed into being smoothed out for ceramic body;Wherein it is preferred to drying condition is 80-90 DEG C of drying 18- 22min, the drying temperature both will not efficiency is too low caused by too low, also will not destroy each material composition because temperature is too high;
Then, ceramic body carries out first sintering 40-50min, the control of sintering temperature in temperature for 1100-1300 DEG C Be advantageous to help base substrate moulding on blank structure ground foundation is not destroyed, reduce it and resist dry and cracked and anti-contracility, sinter to it Hardness is 6HB;
Then one layer of ground-coat enamel and an aspect glaze are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;The wherein thickness of , Di You and cover-coat enamel For 3-8mm, the limitation of the thickness range is advantageous to further ink-jet and upper glaze;
Then, stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology;Wherein, the raw material of ink includes coloured color Material, solvent and dispersant;Using oily ink, its advantage is:Oiliness is volatilized faster, and after burning till, degrees of fusion is good, so as to keep away Omit and color and come off;Ink-jet forms one layer of first floral designs, it is preferable that the thickness of the first floral designs is 1~5mm, the thickness The limitation of degree scope is advantageous to the formation multilayer thing floral designs of follow-up bright convex glaze glaze, so that different visual effects is presented;
Then control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 40~60 DEG C, and temperature is less than 40 degree of meeting sticky net contracting glaze, Floral designs can not be formed higher than 60 degree;Then bright convex glaze glaze is sprayed to the first floral designs using screen printing technology to be printed Flower, form the floral designs of multilayer second;Wherein, the raw material of bright convex glaze glaze includes flashlight powder and glass dregs;Flashlight powder is as gold One kind in green onion powder, its powder appears to be white, but can see different colors again in all angles, the meeting under light or sunlight There are seven color iris;Preferably, the thickness of the second floral designs is 3~5mm;The limitation of floral designs thickness twice, is advantageous to Visual effect fully demonstrates;
The application is combined using ink-jet printed and two technologies of screen printing, ink-jet ink and bright convex two kinds of glaze The perfect collocation and fusion of different product, different glazing type material superpositions, front sees that product surface can only see ink-jet printed print off Decorative pattern and pattern, word etc., but from side using the refraction of light again it can be seen that second or repeatedly utilizing silk screen quarter below Version, it is " horizontal to regard ridge side as so as to reach in decorative pattern, pattern or the word (dark line) that the bright convex glaze glaze that ceramic surface stamps is formed Cheng Feng, far and near height are variant " visual effect, refuse aestheticly tired;
Then ceramic body is that 1100-1300 DEG C of progress sinters 40-50min, the limit of the temperature range for the second time in temperature It is formed with and carries out depth sintering with base substrate beneficial to the ink and glaze for making stamp;
The stamp of conventional ceramic product surface can not be by the refraction of light, from different perspectives, it is seen that the effect of different pattern, Using the preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics provided in an embodiment of the present invention, its process innovation, having broken ceramic surface pattern can only There is a kind of convention of visual effect.
(3) bright convex glaze is a kind of glaze, after sintering, can form a kind of front in ceramic surface and see invisible, but touch In sense, there is a kind of concave-convex sense, so as to reach the anti-skidding purpose of surface of ceramic products;And obtained ceramic product have it is wear-resisting And the advantages that easy cleaning.
Embodiment
, below will be in the embodiment of the present invention to make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer Technical scheme be clearly and completely described.Unreceipted actual conditions person, builds according to normal condition or manufacturer in embodiment The condition of view is carried out.Agents useful for same or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, it is the conventional production that can be obtained by commercially available purchase Product.
Embodiment 1
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:30 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 20 Part, 5 parts of quartz sand, 5 parts of china clay, 3 parts of calcite, burn 1 part of 3 parts of talcum, 3 parts of brightening agent, 1 part of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 85 DEG C, is dried Dry 20min, control humidity to 60% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress first sintering 45min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 3mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 50 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 4mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 45min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Embodiment 2
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:40 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 30 Part, 15 parts of quartz sand, 15 parts of china clay, 8 parts of calcite, burn 3 parts of 8 parts of talcum, 8 parts of brightening agent, 4 parts of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 85 DEG C, is dried Dry 20min, control humidity to 60% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress first sintering 45min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 3mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 50 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 4mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 45min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Embodiment 3
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:32 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 22 Part, 8 parts of quartz sand, 8 parts of china clay, 4 parts of calcite, burn 1.5 parts of 4 parts of talcum, 4 parts of brightening agent, 2 parts of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 85 DEG C, is dried Dry 20min, control humidity to 60% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress first sintering 45min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 3mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 50 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 4mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 45min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Embodiment 4
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:38 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 28 Part, 12 parts of quartz sand, 12 parts of china clay, 7 parts of calcite, burn 7 parts of talcum, 7 parts of brightening agent, 3.5 parts of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide 2.5 Part;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 85 DEG C, is dried Dry 20min, control humidity to 60% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress first sintering 45min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 3mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 50 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 4mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 45min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Embodiment 5
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:35 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 25 Part, 10 parts of quartz sand, 10 parts of china clay, 5 parts of calcite, burn 2 parts of 5 parts of talcum, 5 parts of brightening agent, aluminum oxide 3 and zinc oxide;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 85 DEG C, is dried Dry 20min, control humidity to 60% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress first sintering 45min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 3mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 50 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 4mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 45min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Embodiment 6
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:30 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 20 Part, 5 parts of quartz sand, 5 parts of china clay, 3 parts of calcite, burn 1 part of 3 parts of talcum, 3 parts of brightening agent, 1 part of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 80 DEG C, is dried Dry 22min, control humidity to 40% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1100 DEG C of progress first sintering 50min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 3mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 8mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 5mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 40 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 5mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1100 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 50min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Embodiment 7
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:30 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 20 Part, 5 parts of quartz sand, 5 parts of china clay, 3 parts of calcite, burn 1 part of 3 parts of talcum, 3 parts of brightening agent, 1 part of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 90 DEG C, is dried Dry 18min, control humidity to 80% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1300 DEG C of progress first sintering 40min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 8mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 3mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 1mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 60 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 3mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1300 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 40min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Comparative example 1
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:25 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 15 Part, 20 parts of quartz sand, 20 parts of china clay, 10 parts of calcite, burn 10 parts of talcum, 10 parts of brightening agent, 5 parts of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide 0.5 part;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 85 DEG C, is dried Dry 20min, control humidity to 60% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress first sintering 45min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 3mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 50 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 4mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 45min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Comparative example 2
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:45 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 35 Part, 3 parts of quartz sand, 4 parts of china clay, 2 parts of calcite, burn 5 parts of 1 part of talcum, 2 parts of brightening agent, 0.5 part of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 85 DEG C, is dried Dry 20min, control humidity to 60% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress first sintering 45min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 5mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 3mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 50 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 4mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1200 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 45min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Comparative example 3
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:30 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 20 Part, 5 parts of quartz sand, 5 parts of china clay, 3 parts of calcite, burn 1 part of 3 parts of talcum, 3 parts of brightening agent, 1 part of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 60 DEG C, is dried Dry 20min, control humidity to 85% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1000 DEG C of progress first sintering 45min in temperature, is 5HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 2mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 9mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern that a layer thickness is 0.5mm Pattern;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 30 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, it is 6mm's to form thickness The floral designs of multilayer second;
(7) ceramic body is 1000 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 45min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Comparative example 4
A kind of ceramic body is present embodiments provided, its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:30 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 20 Part, 5 parts of quartz sand, 5 parts of china clay, 3 parts of calcite, burn 1 part of 3 parts of talcum, 3 parts of brightening agent, 1 part of aluminum oxide and zinc oxide;
Present embodiments provide a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics:Including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of above-mentioned ceramic body, mud is worn into mixing based on above-mentioned parts by weight, under the conditions of 85 DEG C, is dried Dry 20min, control humidity to 35% form ceramic blank bottom powder, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into ceramic body;
(2) ceramic body is 1400 DEG C of progress first sintering 45min in temperature, is 7HB to its hardness;
(3) ground-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 10mm and the cover-coat enamel that a layer thickness is 2mm are successively coated on the surface of ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms the first decorative pattern figure that a layer thickness is 6mm Case;
(5) control temperature dries the first floral designs under the conditions of 70 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of the first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, forms the more of thickness 2mm The second floral designs of layer;
(7) ceramic body is 1400 DEG C of progress, second of sintering 45min in temperature, and bright convex glaze ceramics are made.
Experimental example 1
The ceramic body for taking the embodiment 1-7 and comparative example 1-4 of equivalent to be prepared, is arranged to experimental group 1-11, respectively Vickers hardness, fracture toughness, bending strength, water absorption rate and the shrinkage factor of test experiments group 1-11 samples;Wherein, Vickers hardness According to GB3297-1982《Domestic ceramics device glaze paint Vickers hardness assay method》It is measured, bending strength is according to GB/T4741- 1999《Ceramic material anti-reflecting bending strength test method》It is measured, water absorption rate is according to GB3299-1982《Domestic ceramics device water absorption rate Assay method is measured》, QB/T1548-1992《Ceramic paste stockline shrinkage factor method of testing》It is measured, test result It is shown in Table 1:
The experimental group 1-11 of table 1 performance comparison
From the data in table 1, it can be seen that experimental group 1-7 Vickers hardness, fracture toughness, bending strength, water absorption rate and shrinkage factor It is superior to experimental group 8-11, the raw material proportioning scope of the ceramic body of experimental group 8 and experimental group 9 is not in the model of the embodiment of the present invention In enclosing, the process parameters range for preparing ceramic body of experimental group 10 and 11 is not in the range of the embodiment of the present invention, the result Show there is Synergistic, and implement between the raw material of ceramic body provided in an embodiment of the present invention using the present invention The preparation technology parameter that example is provided common each raw material proportioning and provided using the embodiment of the present invention in altogether is made, Neng Gouqu Obtain optimal mechanical property.
In experimental group 1-7, Vickers hardness, fracture toughness, bending strength, water absorption rate and the shrinkage factor of experimental group 5 are most It is excellent, wherein, each raw material proportioning of experimental group 1-5 ceramic body is different, further illustrates, in range of embodiment of the invention Raw material proportioning can prepare the ceramic body of excellent in mechanical performance;In addition, the making ceramic blank of experimental group 1 and test group 6,7 The technological parameter of body is different, further illustrates, mechanics can be prepared in process parameters range provided in an embodiment of the present invention The ceramic body of excellent performance, exactly by each raw material provided in an embodiment of the present invention, the knot of each raw material proportioning and its technological parameter Close, the ceramic body prepared has excellent mechanical property.
Embodiment 2
Example 1-7 and comparative example 1-4 ceramic, and common ceramic, are arranged to experimental group 1-12, 100 audiences carry out liking voting to experimental group 1-12 sample, wherein, 90% audience will like poll to throw to reality Group 1-7 sample is tested, 9% audience will like poll to throw the sample to experimental group 8-11, and only 1% audience will like Joyous poll throws the sample to experimental group 12, and 95% audience thinks that experimental group 1-11 sample occurs in various degree The visual effect of " horizontal to regard ridge side Cheng Feng as, far and near height is variant ", from different perspectives viewing can show different visions Effect.
In summary, provided in an embodiment of the present invention to provide a kind of ceramic body, the ceramic body has excellent mechanics Performance, the embodiment of the present invention provide the preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics, and the bright convex glaze ceramics that the preparation method is prepared can Reach the visual effect of " horizontal to regard ridge side Cheng Feng as, far and near height is variant ", viewing from different perspectives can show different Visual effect, and with anti-skidding, it is wear-resisting, the advantages that easy cleaning.
Embodiments described above is part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.The reality of the present invention The detailed description for applying example is not intended to limit the scope of claimed invention, but is merely representative of the selected implementation of the present invention Example.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, what those of ordinary skill in the art were obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Every other embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ceramic body, it is characterised in that its raw materials by weight portion meter includes:Potassium feldspar 30-40 parts, albite 20- 30 parts, quartz sand 5-15 parts, china clay 5-15 parts, calcite 3-8 parts, burn talcum 3-8 parts, brightening agent 3-8 parts, aluminum oxide 1-4 parts And zinc oxide 1-3 parts.
2. ceramic body according to claim 1, it is characterised in that count in parts by weight, the potassium feldspar is 32-38 Part, the albite is 22-28 parts, and the quartz sand is 8-12 parts, and the china clay is 8-12 parts, and the calcite is 4-7 parts, The burning talcum is 4-7 parts, and the brightening agent is 4-7 parts, and the aluminum oxide is 2-3.5 parts and the zinc oxide is 1.5- 2.5 part.
3. ceramic body according to claim 2, it is characterised in that count in parts by weight, the potassium feldspar is 35 parts, institute Albite is stated as 25 parts, the quartz sand is 10 parts, and the china clay is 10 parts, and the calcite is 5 parts, and the burning talcum is 5 Part, the brightening agent is 5 parts, and the aluminum oxide is 3 parts and the zinc oxide is 2 parts.
4. a kind of preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics, it is characterised in that including following preparation process:
(1) by the raw material of ceramic body as claimed in claim 1, mud is worn into mixing based on the parts by weight, described in drying Mud, and control humidity to form ceramic blank bottom powder to 40%~80%, by ceramic blank bottom powder pressing into the pottery Porcelain billet body;
(2) ceramic body is 1100-1300 DEG C of progress first sintering 40-50min in temperature, is 6HB to its hardness;
(3) one layer of ground-coat enamel and an aspect glaze are successively coated on the surface of the ceramic body;
(4) stamp is carried out to the cover-coat enamel ink-jet water using ink-jet printed technology, forms one layer of first floral designs;
(5) control temperature dries first floral designs under the conditions of 40~60 DEG C;
(6) stamp is carried out to the bright convex glaze glaze of first floral designs spray using screen printing technology, forms multilayer second and spend Line pattern;
(7) ceramic body is second of sintering 40-50min of 1100-1300 DEG C of progress in temperature.
5. the preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the raw material of the ink includes Color colorant, solvent and dispersant.
6. the preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the thickness of first floral designs Spend for 1~5mm.
7. the preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the raw material of the bright convex glaze glaze Including flashlight powder and glass dregs.
8. the preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics according to claim 7, it is characterised in that every layer of second floral designs Thickness be 3~5mm.
9. the preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics according to claim 4, it is characterised in that in step (1), the mud exists Under the conditions of 80-90 DEG C, drying 18-22min is carried out.
10. the preparation method of bright convex glaze ceramics according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the bottom You and the cover-coat enamel Thickness be 3-8mm.
CN201710736038.9A 2017-08-24 2017-08-24 A kind of preparation method of ceramic body and bright convex glaze ceramics CN107352968A (en)

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