CN105648771B - 棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺 - Google Patents

棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺 Download PDF

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CN105648771B
CN105648771B CN201610200463.1A CN201610200463A CN105648771B CN 105648771 B CN105648771 B CN 105648771B CN 201610200463 A CN201610200463 A CN 201610200463A CN 105648771 B CN105648771 B CN 105648771B
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cotton
blend fabric
silk blend
antibacterial deodourizing
crease
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周璀琼
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Shenzhen song song Garments Co., Ltd.
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Abstract

本发明提供的一种棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺,包括步骤(a)烧毛;(b)退煮漂一浴;(c)抗菌防臭及抗皱整理;(d)预烘;(e)焙烘;(f)水洗;(g)烘干。本发明通过将柠檬酸、聚乙二醇、水性聚氨酯、β‑环糊精等组分的合理配比形成抗菌防臭抗皱整理剂,绿色环保,不会释放甲醛等有毒有害物质,安全放心;且本发明通过在整理剂中柔软剂可进一步保证棉织物的棉/蚕丝混纺织物保持柔软不变形,实用性提高。

Description

棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及以一种织物整理工艺,尤其是一种棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗 皱整理工艺。
背景技术
[0002] 棉与蚕丝都是天然的纤维素纤维,其中棉的微观结构是由数十根链状的纤维素大 分子聚集形成的微原纤,微原纤再聚集成横向尺寸约1〇_25111]1的原纤,再由原纤排列成日轮 层,取后开^成的纤维。棉纤维的微观内部是一种多孔材料。由于它本身的特性,决定了它具 有良好的透气、透湿以及突出的舒适性,因而受到广大消费者的厚爱。蚕丝纤维也因具备良 好的透气、吸湿芒能而受消费者喜爱。棉/蚕丝混纺织物由于其透气、轻薄的特征受到了消 费的青睐,市场前景广阔。但是在穿着过程中,由于棉纤维自身特性,棉纤维面料易出现褶 皱、变形等问题,不但影响织物外观,而且不耐用。且棉/蚕丝混纺织物多用于夏季穿着,夏 季气候闷热,易出汗,在这样环境下的面/蚕丝混纺面料易产生臭味并且滋生细菌,不利于 穿着者的形象及健康。
[0003]为解决上述问题,人们开始对棉/蚕丝混纺织物进行抗菌除臭及抗皱整理,目前市 场上多采用的是N-羟基类整理剂,该类整理剂可有效提高棉织物的抗皱性能,但是其整理 后的纺织品在服用过程中会产生游离甲醛,对人体健康不利。无法推广使用。
[0004]因此,研宄出一种抗菌除臭效果好又能够有效保证棉/蚕丝混纺织物抗皱性能且 绿色环保的棉棉/蚕丝混纺织物的整理工艺是目前需要解决的重要为题之一。
发明内容
[0005]发明目的:针对上述问题,本发明的目的是提供一种棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭 及抗皱整理工艺。
[0006]技术方案:为实现以上目的,本发明提供的一种棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗 皱整理工艺,包括步骤
[0007] (a)烧毛:将棉/蚕丝混纺织物送入烧毛机进行双面烧毛处理,烧毛速度为95-100m/min;
[0008] (b)退煮漂一浴:将烧毛后的棉/蚕丝混纺织物进行退煮漂一浴法进行处理,具体 是将棉/蚕丝混纺织物浸入13-15% (体积分数)的羊毛角蛋白溶液中,所述溶液中还包括净 棉酶 GX1 2-:Bg/L,双氧水 l5-2〇ml/L,络氨酸酶 〇 • 3_〇 • 5g/L,精炼剂 3-5g/L,浴比为 1:30; PH 值为8-9,处理温度为70-80°C,处理时间为55-65min;
[0009] (c)抗菌防臭及抗皱整理:将经过退煮漂的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入抗菌防臭及抗皱 整理工作液中通过乳车进行二浸二轧处理,浸轧工作液的温度15〇_18(rc,二浸二轧时轧车 的转速为12-15r/min,轧余率85-90%,所述浸轧工作液包含以下重量:
[0010]柠檬酸:50-60g/L;
[0011]聚乙二醇(100) :5-15g/L;
[0012]柔软剂:2-5g/L;
[0013] 抗菌剂:卜3g/L;
[0014] P-环糊精:50-60g/L;
[0015] 次亚磷酸钠:4-6g/L;
[0016]渗透剂 jFC:l-2g/L;
[0017] 水性聚氨酯:1.2-2.8g/L;
[0018] 甲醇:2_5g/L;
[0019]三乙醇胺:3-4g/L;
[0020] 纳米二氧化钛:5_6g/L;
[0021] 丝素:20-30g/L;
[0022] 戊二醛:9-11 g/L;
[0023] (d)预烘:将经过抗菌防臭及抗皱处理的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入烘干机中进行烘千 处理,烘干温度为90-100°C,机车速为10-12m/min;
[0024] (e)焙烘:将预烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入焙烘机中进行焙烘处理,焙烘温度为 130-160°C,机车速度为 13-15m/min;
[0025] (f)水洗:将焙烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物在20-30°C的清水中进行水洗;
[0026] (g)烘干。
[0027] 步骤b中所述的精炼剂包括以下重量:纤维素酶l-3g/L,酸性果胶酶2.1-2.5g/L, 三羟甲基丙烷1.1-1.3§凡、聚乙二醇1-28凡、双脂肪酰基乙二胺二丙酸钠0.7_0.8§凡、氢氧 化钠2_5g/L、氯化钙1 -2g/L、烷基苯磺酸盐1.2-1.6g/L,油酰甲基牛磺酸钠0.2-0.6g/L,亚 甲基双荼磺酸钠〇 • 1-0 • 4g/L,烷基酚聚氧乙烯醚聚氧丙烯醚〇. 3-0.5g/L,羧乙基硫代丁二 酸0.5-0.7g/L,皂片l_2g/L,其余部分为去离子水。
[0028] 步骤c中所述的柔软剂为Gemini阳离子柔软剂。
[0029] 步骤c中所述的抗菌剂为甲壳素。
[0030] 有益效果:与现有技术相比,本发明具有以下优点:
[0031] 1.整理步骤简化:本发明通过采用退煮漂一浴法代替原来的退浆、煮练、漂白步 骤,又将抗菌、防臭、防皱三重效果合一与整理液中,有效缩短整理时间,节约成本30— 40%;
[0032] 2.白度及强度好:本发明通过在退煮漂一浴法工艺中采用酶氧退煮漂,有效减少 对棉纤维及蚕丝纤维的伤害,保证棉纤维及蚕丝纤维的柔软手感及强度;又由于本发明在 退煮漂工作液中加入了羊毛角蛋白,可进一步保证棉/蚕丝混纺织物的白度,便于织物的后 续整理;
[0033] 3.绿色环保:本发明通过将柠檬酸、聚乙二醇、水性聚氨酯、P-环糊精等组分的的 合理配比形成抗菌防臭抗皱整理剂,绿色环保,不会释放甲醛等有毒有害物质,安全放心; 且本发明通过在整理剂中柔软剂可进一步保证棉织物的棉/蚕丝混纺织物保持柔软不变 形,实用性提尚;
[0034] 4.本发明通过对预烘、焙烘温度以及烘干速度的严格控制,进一步保证棉/蚕丝混 纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理效果,有益效果明显。
具体实施方式
[0035]下面结合具体实施例,进一步阐明本发明,应理解这些实施例仅用于说明本发明 而不用于限制本发明的范围,在阅读了本发明之后,本领域技术人员对本发明的各种等价 形式的修改均落于本申请所附权利要求所限定的范围。
[0036]实施例i
[0037] —种棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺,包括步骤
[0038] (a)烧毛:将棉/蚕丝混纺织物送入烧毛机进行双面烧毛处理,烧毛速度为95m/ min;
[0039] (b)退煮漂一浴:将烧毛后的棉/蚕丝混纺织物进行退煮漂一浴法进行处理,具体 是将棉/蚕丝混纺织物浸入I3% (体积分数)的羊毛角蛋白溶液中,所述溶液中还包括净棉 酶GX1 2g/L,双氧水15ml/L,络氨酸酶0 • 3g/L,精炼剂3g/L,浴比为1: 3〇; PH值为8,处理温度 为7〇°C,处理时间为55min;
[0040] (c)抗菌防臭及抗皱整理:将经过退煮漂的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入抗菌防臭及抗皱 整理工作液中通过轧车进行二浸二轧处理,浸乳工作液的温度15(rc,二浸二轧时轧车的转 速为12r/min,乳余率85%,所述浸乳工作液包含以下重量:
[0041]柠檬酸:50g/L;
[0042]聚乙二醇(1〇〇) :5g/L;
[0043] Gemini阳离子柔软剂:2g/L;
[0044] 甲壳素:lg/L;
[0045] 0-环糊精:50g/L;
[0046] 次亚磷酸钠:4g/L;
[0047] 渗透剂 JFC:lg/L;
[0048]水性聚氨酯:1.2g/L;
[0049]甲醇:2g/L;
[0050]三乙醇胺:3g/L;
[OO51]纳米二氧化钛:5g/L;
[0052]丝素:20g/L;
[0053] 戊二醛:9g/L;
[0054] (d)预烘:将经过抗菌防臭及抗皱处理的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入烘干机中进行烘干 处理,烘干温度为90°C,机车速为10m/min;
[0055] (e)焙烘:将预烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入焙烘机中进行焙烘处理,焙烘温度为 130-160°C,机车速度为 13m/min;
[0056] (f)水洗:将焙烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物在20-30°C的清水中进行水洗;
[0057] (g)烘干。
[0058]步骤b中所述的精炼剂包括以下重量:纤维素酶lg/L,酸性果胶酶2. lg/L,三羟甲 基丙烷l.lg/L、聚乙二醇lg/L、双脂肪酰基乙二胺二丙酸钠0.7g/L、氢氧化钠2g/L、氯化钙 lg/L、烷基苯磺酸盐1.2g/L,油酰甲基牛磺酸钠〇.2g/L,亚甲基双荼磺酸钠O.lg/L,烷基酚 聚氧乙烯醚聚氧丙烯醚〇.3g/L,羧乙基硫代丁二酸〇.5g/L,皂片lg/L,其余部分为去离子 水。
[0059]实施例2
[0060] —种棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺,包括步骤
[0061] (a)烧毛:将棉/蚕丝混纺织物送入烧毛机进行双面烧毛处理,烧毛速度为98m/ min;
[0062] (b)退煮漂一浴:将烧毛后的棉/蚕丝混纺织物进行退煮漂一浴法进行处理,具体 是将棉/蚕丝混纺织物浸入14% (体积分数)的羊毛角蛋白溶液中,所述溶液中还包括净棉 酶GX1 2 • 5g/L,双氧水18ml/L,络氨酸酶0 • 4g/L,精炼剂4g/L,浴比为1:30; PH值为8.5,处理 温度为75°C,处理时间为60min;
[0063] (c)抗菌防臭及抗皱整理:将经过退煮漂的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入抗菌防臭及抗皱 整理工作液中通过轧车进行二浸二轧处理,浸轧工作液的温度165。(:,二浸二轧时乳车的转 速为13r/min,轧余率88 %,所述浸乳工作液包含以下重量:
[0064]柠檬酸:55g/L;
[0065]聚乙二醇(100) : 1 Og/L;
[0066] Gemini阳离子柔软剂:3g/L;
[0067] 甲壳素:2.2g/L;
[0068] 环糊精:54g/L;
[0069] 次亚磷酸钠:5g/L;
[0070]渗透剂 JFC:1.4g/L;
[0071] 水性聚氨酯:1.2-2.8g/L;
[0072] 甲醇:3.lg/L;
[0073] 三乙醇胺:3.5g/L;
[0074] 纳米二氧化钛:5.6g/L;
[0075] 丝素:25g/L;
[0076] 戊二醛:l〇g/L;
[0077] ⑹预烘:将经过抗菌防臭及抗皱处理的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入烘干机中进行烘千 处理,烘干温度为95°C,机车速为llm/min;
[0078] (e)焙烘:将预烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入焙烘机中进行焙烘处理,焙烘温度为 l5〇°C,机车速度为14m/min;
[0079] (f)水洗:将焙烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物在26°C的清水中进行水洗;
[0080] (g)烘干。
[0081]步骤b中所述的精炼剂包括以下重量:纤维素酶2g/L,酸性果胶酶2 • 3g/L,三羟甲 基丙烷1.2g/L、聚乙二醇1.5g/L、双脂肪酰基乙二胺二丙酸钠0.75g/L、氢氧化钠3g/L、氯化 钙1 • 3g/L、烷基苯磺酸盐1 • 5g/L,油酰甲基牛磺酸钠0 • 4g/L,亚甲基双荼磺酸钠0 • 3g/L,烷 基酚聚氧乙烯醚聚氧丙烯醚0 • 4g/L,羧乙基硫代丁二酸0 • eg/L,皂片1 • 4g/L,其余部分为去 离子水。
[0082] 实施例3
[0083] 一种棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺,包括步骤
[0084] (a)烧毛:将棉/蚕丝混纺织物送入烧毛机进行双面烧毛处理,烧毛速度为100m/ min; _5] (b)職漂-浴:将烧毛后_/瓶__进魏煮漂—腿勝处理,具体 是将棉/蚕丝混纺织物浸入15% (体积分数)的羊毛角蛋白溶液中,所述溶液中还包括净棉 酶GX1 3g/L,双氧水2〇ml/L,络氨酸酶0 • 5g/L,精炼剂3_5g/L,浴比为丨:3〇; pH值为9,处理温 度为80°C,处理时间为65min;
[0086]⑹抗菌防臭及抗皱整理:将经过退煮漂的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入抗菌防臭及抗皱 整理工作液中通过轧车进行二浸二乳处理,浸轧工作液的温度18(rc,二浸二轧时轧车的转 速为15r/min,乳余率90%,所述浸乳工作液包含以下重量:
[0087]柠檬酸:60g/L;
[0088]聚乙二醇(1〇〇) :15g/L;
[0089] Gemini阳离子柔软剂:5g/L;
[0090]甲壳素:3g/L;
[0091] 0-环糊精:60g/L;
[0092] 次亚磷酸钠:6g/L;
[0093]渗透剂 JFC:2g/L;
[0094]水性聚氨酯:2.8g/L;
[0095]甲醇:5g/L;
[0096]三乙醇胺:4g/L;
[0097]纳米二氧化钛:6g/L;
[0098]丝素:30g/L;
[0099] 戊二醛:llg/L;
[0100] (d)预烘:将经过抗菌防臭及抗皱处理的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入烘千机中进行烘千 处理,烘干温度为l〇〇°C,机车速为12m/min;
[0101] (e)焙烘:将预烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入焙烘机中进行焙烘处理,焙烘温度为 160°(:,机车速度为15111/1^11;
[0102] (f)水洗:将焙烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物在30°C的清水中进行水洗;
[0_ (g)烘干。
[0104]步骤b中所述的精炼剂包括以下重量:纤维素酶3g/L,酸性果胶酶2.5g/L,三羟甲 基丙烷1.3g/L、聚乙二醇2g/L、双脂肪酰基乙二胺二丙酸钠〇_Sg/L、氢氧化钠5g/L、氯化钙 2g/L、烷基苯磺酸盐1.6g/L,油酰甲基牛磺酸钠〇.6g/L,亚甲基双荼磺酸钠〇.4g/L,烷基酚 聚氧乙烯醚聚氧丙烯醚〇.5g/L,羧乙基硫代丁二酸〇.7g/L,皂片2g/L,其余部分为去离子 水。

Claims (3)

1.一种棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺,其特征在于:包括步骤 (a) 烧毛:将棉/蚕丝混纺织物送入烧毛机进行双面烧毛处理,烧毛速度为95_1〇〇m/ min; (b) 退煮漂一浴:将烧毛后的棉/蚕丝混纺织物进行退煮漂一浴法进行处理,具体是将 棉/蚕丝混纺织物浸入13-15%体积分数的羊毛角蛋白溶液中,所述溶液中还包括净棉酶 GX1 2-3g/L,双氧水15-2〇ml/L,络氨酸酶0 • 3-〇 • 5g/L,精炼剂3-5g/L,浴比为1:30; PH值为 8-9,处理温度为70-8(TC,处理时间为55-65min; 精炼剂包括以下重量:纤维素酶1-3g/L,酸性果胶酶2.1-2.5g/L,三羟甲基丙烷1.1-1.3g/L、聚乙二醇1-2g/L、双脂肪酰基乙二胺二丙酸钠0.7-〇.8g/L、氢氧化钠2-5g/L、氯化 钙卜2g/L、烧基苯磺酸盐1.2-1 • 6g/L,油酰甲基牛磺酸钠〇. 2-0.6g/L,亚甲基双荼磺酸钠 0.1-0.4g/L,烷基酚聚氧乙烯醚聚氧丙烯醚〇. 3-0 • 5g/L,羧乙基硫代丁二酸0.5-0.7g/L,皂 片1-2g/L,其余部分为去离子水; (c) 抗菌防臭及抗皱整理:将经过退煮漂的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入抗菌防臭及抗皱整理 工作液中通过乳车进行二浸二轧处理,浸轧工作液的温度150-18(TC,二浸二乳时乳车的转 速为12-15r/min,乳余率85-90 %,所述浸乳工作液包含以下重量: 朽1 檬酸:50-60g/L; 聚乙二醇 100:5-15g/L; 柔软剂:2-5g/L; 抗菌剂:1-3g/L; 环糊精:5〇-60g/L; 次亚磷酸钠:4-6g/L; 渗透剂JFC: l-2g/L; 水性聚氨酯:1.2-2.8g/L; 甲醇:2-5g/L; 三乙醇胺:3-4g/L; 纳米二氧化钛:5-6g/L; 丝素:20-30g/L; 戊二醛:9-11 g/L; (d) 预烘:将经过抗菌防臭及抗皱处理的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入烘干机中进行烘干处 理,烘干温度为90-10(TC,机车速为10-12m/min; (e) 焙烘:将预烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物放入焙烘机中进行焙烘处理,焙烘温度为130-160°C,机车速度为 13-15m/min; (f) 水洗:将焙烘过的棉/蚕丝混纺织物在20-30°C的清水中进行水洗; (g) 烘干。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺,其特征在于: 步骤c中所述的柔软剂为Gemini阳离子柔软剂。
3. 根据权利要求1所述的棉/蚕丝混纺织物的抗菌防臭及抗皱整理工艺,其特征在于: 步骤c中所述的抗菌剂为甲壳素。
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