CN105598114A - Photovoltaic module cleaning device and cleaning method thereof - Google Patents

Photovoltaic module cleaning device and cleaning method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105598114A
CN105598114A CN201610006820.0A CN201610006820A CN105598114A CN 105598114 A CN105598114 A CN 105598114A CN 201610006820 A CN201610006820 A CN 201610006820A CN 105598114 A CN105598114 A CN 105598114A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
photovoltaic module
cleaning
main
wiper
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610006820.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105598114B (en
Inventor
勾宪芳
范维涛
朱宏平
董旭欣
曹华斌
宋爽
Original Assignee
中节能太阳能科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2015104528603 priority Critical
Priority to CN201510452860.3A priority patent/CN105071762A/en
Application filed by 中节能太阳能科技有限公司 filed Critical 中节能太阳能科技有限公司
Priority to CN201610006820.0A priority patent/CN105598114B/en
Publication of CN105598114A publication Critical patent/CN105598114A/en
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Publication of CN105598114B publication Critical patent/CN105598114B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B11/00Cleaning flexible or delicate articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B11/04Cleaning flexible or delicate articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto specially adapted for plate glass, e.g. prior to manufacture of windshields
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a photovoltaic module cleaning device which comprises a traveling mechanism and a cleaning mechanism. The traveling mechanism comprises a main body framework, a transverse power assembly and a longitudinal power assembly; the main body framework is limited on an upper frame and a lower frame of a photovoltaic module through an upper positioning wheel set and a lower positioning wheel set, the transverse power assembly comprises a transverse motor, a transmission shaft connected with the transverse motor, driving wheels and driven wheels, the driving wheels and the driven wheels are arranged on the transmission shaft, the longitudinal power assembly comprises a longitudinal motor, a double-groove rope-winding wheel connected with the longitudinal motor, a tensioning device, a fixed pulley and a tow rope, the tow rope is connected with the bottom end of a cleaning mechanism, the tow rope is arranged on the double-groove rope-winding wheel in a winding mode after the direction of the tow rope is changed by the fixed pulley, and the tow rope comes out of the double-groove rope-winding wheel in a winding mode to be connected with the top end of the cleaning mechanism; the outer wall of the cleaning mechanism is in contact connection with the inner wall of the main body framework through universal balls and is support on the main body framework reversely through rolling wheels. According to the photovoltaic module cleaning device, the traveling mechanism can drive the cleaning mechanism to walk transversely and longitudinally, and the cleaning mechanism can conduct sectional type cleaning on the photovoltaic module.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic module cleaning device and cleaning method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to photovoltaic plant field, specifically a kind of cleaning device and cleaning method thereof cleaning for photovoltaic module.
Background technology
Along with the development of photovoltaic industry, the solar power station installed capacity in worldwide is all in continuous lifting. How, under the condition of equal installed capacity, the generating efficiency that improves photovoltaic plant is just particularly important. Because solar panel is generally all arranged on even Desert Area, roof, dust and dirt are more, and dust and dirt accumulation can keep the sun off on solar panels, cause the generating efficiency of solar panels to decline. Therefore,, if can effectively clean solar panel, must under equal installed capacity, further improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic plant.
The equipment of cleaning solar energy cell board component is substantially all to set up an outside walking mechanism in the side of photovoltaic module in the market, an all-in-one-piece round brush is set in the frame of outside walking mechanism, in the time that outside walking mechanism is walked along the horizontal direction of photovoltaic module, by round brush, assembly is cleaned. In the time cleaning, need a large amount of water, can not be applicable to the area of western lack of water. And if need not adopt water cleaning way, the dirt that round brush is kicked up in the time cleaning is more difficult, dust can drop on assembly again, cause secondary pollution, cleaning efficiency reduces greatly, while is because the out-of-flatness in photovoltaic module installation process causes traditional round brush unclean in the time cleaning, and difficulty in walking, and whole equipment is caused damage. Traditional walking mechanism adopts rack-and-pinion or synchronizing wheel to add the mode of Timing Belt, and not only cost is higher and need time-based maintenance, is difficult to be applicable to outdoor severe working environment.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the object of the invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of cleaning device and cleaning method thereof of photovoltaic module cleaning is provided, and the cleaning efficiency of photovoltaic module is significantly improved.
Technical scheme: photovoltaic module cleaning device of the present invention, comprise and be connected across the walking mechanism on photovoltaic module and be arranged on the wiper mechanism in walking mechanism, described walking mechanism comprises main body frame, lateral dynamics assembly, Longitudinal assembly, main body frame one end connects the spacing upper side frame at photovoltaic module of location wheels by spring shock absorption mechanism, the other end is by the spacing lower frame at photovoltaic module of lower location wheels, lateral dynamics assembly comprises the cross motor of being located at main body frame one side, the power transmission shaft being connected with cross motor, the evenly driving wheel on power transmission shaft and be located at the driven pulley of main body frame opposite side respectively, Longitudinal assembly comprises the longitudinal motor that is arranged on one end in main body frame, the double flute reel being connected with longitudinal motor, be arranged on the tensioning apparatus of the other end in main body frame, the fixed pulley being connected with tensioning apparatus and pull rope, pull rope one end is connected with described wiper mechanism bottom, after fixed pulley break-in, winding is on a groove of double flute reel, from laying out, another groove of double flute reel is connected with described wiper mechanism top, described wiper mechanism outer wall contacts with described main body frame inwall by multi-directional ball and is connected and is oppositely supported on described main body frame by roller,
Described cross motor drives the driving wheel of described main body frame one side and drives the driven pulley of opposite side to make described main body frame on photovoltaic module, do transverse movement, described wiper mechanism is followed described main body frame transverse movement by described multi-directional ball and photovoltaic module is cleaned and make described roller on described main body frame, keep suspending, and wiper mechanism does lengthwise movement by described roller on described main body frame described in described longitudinal driven by motor rope traction.
Walking mechanism is provided with lateral dynamics assembly and Longitudinal assembly, lateral dynamics assembly is used for driving wiper mechanism to move along lateral shuttle on photovoltaic module surface, Longitudinal assembly is used for driving wiper mechanism in main body frame, to do lengthwise movement, realize thus segmented and clean, and finally realize the cleaning on whole photovoltaic module surface. wiper mechanism contacts connected and is oppositely supported on described main body frame by roller by embedding the multi-directional ball of side with main body frame, in the time cleaning photovoltaic module, wiper mechanism utilizes self gravitation to be supported on photovoltaic module surface the cleaning assembly in it is contacted with photovoltaic module, the roller of now installing on wiper mechanism and main body frame keep suspending, the multi-directional ball that wiper mechanism is installed by side contacts with the main body frame of walking mechanism, along with walking mechanism transverse movement is synchronized with the movement, in this process, due to the gravity of wiper mechanism self, round brush and photovoltaic module fit tightly, in the time cleaning two irregular assemblies of installation, housing can move up and down on photovoltaic module surface by multi-directional ball, prevent because two photovoltaic modulies are installed the phenomenon that out-of-flatness causes local less cleaning. in the time of cleaning assembly not, wiper mechanism on the main body frame of walking mechanism, can be realized the longitudinal walking of wiper mechanism along main body frame by roller supporting, moves to not cleaning area of next section, realizes segmented and cleans.
Further improve technique scheme, described main body frame adopts aluminum rectangular tube to make, described power transmission shaft adopts two aluminium alloy axles to dock and forms, joint connects by flexible clutch, described driving wheel adopts aluminium matter to wrap up in rubber tire, described driving wheel is three, the setting corresponding to described driving wheel of described driven pulley, and described pull rope is steel wire rope. Adopt the main body frame of making of aluminum alloy material rectangular tube, there is lightweight, corrosion-resistant, intensity advantages of higher; Because main body frame is connected across on photovoltaic module, longitudinal length is longer, for meeting transmission demand, by power transmission shaft make two, between connect with flexible clutch, to solve the coaxiality deviation problem causing because of deformation, three driving wheels and three driven pulleys are set, disperse transmission pressure, adopt the power transmission shaft of aluminum alloy material, be conducive to alleviate construction weight.
Further, described wiper mechanism comprises cleaning machine frame, is arranged on cleaning assembly and the dust treating apparatus of cleaning machine frame inside, and described roller is arranged on four jiaos of cleaning machine frame, described multi-directional ball is arranged on cleaning machine frame two side; Described cleaning assembly comprises at least one group of round brush assembly and the cleaning motor that drives round brush assembly to roll, every group of round brush assembly comprises two round brush, two round brush rotate in opposite directions on the surface of photovoltaic module respectively under the drive of cleaning motor, by the dust cleaning on photovoltaic module, to the enclosure space being formed by two round brush and photovoltaic module, described dust treating apparatus is discharged the dust cleaning in this enclosure space. Two round brush are set to be relatively rotated dust is cleaned to enclosure space and by dust treating apparatus and processed in time, the airborne dust causing can prevent round brush cleaning time again drops on photovoltaic module and forms secondary pollution, can guarantee to remove the dust of photovoltaic module without washing; Two round brush relatively rotate and can offset the frictional force of round brush on photovoltaic module simultaneously, reduce the resistance of walking mechanism, also can improve cleaning performance;
Further, described multi-directional ball is four, be symmetricly set on the close two sides of the frame of described housing and described outside walking mechanism, described dust treating apparatus comprises blower fan, ash deposition box and filter core, described blower fan sucks the dust in enclosure space in ash deposition box, and by filter core, dust is filtered and discharges air, dust is collected in described ash deposition box.
For the convenient control to walking mechanism, also comprise the solar powered mechanism and the intelligent operation controlling organization that are connected with walking mechanism, solar powered mechanism comprises little photovoltaic panel, battery and charging-discharging controller, little photovoltaic panel absorbs solar electrical energy generation, be stored to battery by charging-discharging controller, battery is provided intelligence control system by charging-discharging controller simultaneously, and intelligence control system is controlled cleaning way, the scavenging period of operation stroke, direction and the wiper mechanism of walking mechanism automatically.
Utilize the method that said apparatus cleans photovoltaic module to comprise the steps:
(1) main body frame one end is arranged on to the upper side frame of photovoltaic module, the other end is arranged on photovoltaic module lower frame by lower locating wheel by upper locating wheel, when initial, main body frame is arranged on photovoltaic module one side;
(2) start cross motor, cross motor drives driving wheel and drives driven pulley to make main body frame on photovoltaic module, do transverse movement, wiper mechanism is followed main body frame transverse movement by contact connected multi-directional ball with main body frame, now wiper mechanism utilize self gravitation be supported on photovoltaic module surface make wiper mechanism roller on main body frame, keep suspend, start and clean motor, two round brush in wiper mechanism rotate in opposite directions on the surface of photovoltaic module respectively under the drive of cleaning motor, dust on photovoltaic module is cleaned to the enclosure space being formed by two round brush and photovoltaic module, the dust treating apparatus of wiper mechanism siphons away and filters rear discharge by the dust in this enclosure space,
(3), when main body frame during to opposite side, stops cross motor from a lateral movement of photovoltaic module, now wiper mechanism leaves photovoltaic module surface and is oppositely supported on main body frame by roller, execution step (4);
(4) start longitudinal motor, longitudinally driven by motor pull rope traction wiper mechanism vertically moves the stroke of a wiper mechanism seat in the plane, stops longitudinal motor;
(5) repeating step (2), (3), (4), cross motor drives main body frame back and forth movement on photovoltaic module, and longitudinally driven by motor wiper mechanism lengthwise movement in main body frame, until wiper mechanism completes the cleaning of whole photovoltaic module.
Beneficial effect: (1) walking mechanism provided by the invention can drive wiper mechanism to carry out laterally walking and longitudinally walking, realizes wiper mechanism the segmented of photovoltaic module is cleaned; In the cleaning process of wiper mechanism, utilize self gravitation and photovoltaic module surface to carry out close contact, adopt the round brush and the dust treating apparatus that rotate in opposite directions, the cleaning efficiency of photovoltaic module is significantly improved.
(2) the present invention adopts location wheels, lower location wheels spacing on the frame of photovoltaic module, prevent wiper mechanism each point unbalance stress when walking on photovoltaic module, asynchronous, run-off the straight causes moving up and down, avoid cleaning device because tilting to fall from photovoltaic module simultaneously, caused stuck; Upper locating wheel is connected with spring shock absorption mechanism, while making to run into obstacle on photovoltaic module, can eliminate impulsive force by Compress Spring damping and step obstacle, thereby greatly strengthen the walking stability of cleaning device.
(3) in the present invention, cleaning assembly contacts cooperation by multi-directional ball with the main body frame of walking mechanism, can realize photovoltaic module surface laterally, longitudinally, on inferior multi-direction motion, further ensure cleaning efficiency and walking stability.
(4) overall structure of the present invention is simple, lightweight, corrosion resistance is strong, can adapt to severe outdoor environment; Employing motor drives, and walking is stable, and cleaning efficiency is high, is convenient to safeguard.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the Facad structure schematic diagram of walking mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation at two ends in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram on top in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the reverse side structural representation of walking mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the Facad structure schematic diagram of wiper mechanism;
Fig. 6 is the reverse side structural representation of wiper mechanism;
Fig. 7 is that wiper mechanism is arranged on the view of cleaning in walking mechanism;
Fig. 8 is the view that wiper mechanism is arranged on non-cleaning in walking mechanism;
Fig. 9 is that wiper mechanism is arranged on the structural representation in walking mechanism.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by accompanying drawing, technical solution of the present invention is elaborated, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to described embodiment.
Embodiment 1:A kind of photovoltaic module cleaning device, comprises walking mechanism, wiper mechanism, the solar powered mechanism being connected with walking mechanism and intelligent operation controlling organization.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, walking mechanism comprises the main body frame 11 being arranged on photovoltaic module, main body frame 11 is rectangular, made by aluminum alloy material rectangular tube, have advantages of lightweight, corrosion-resistant, intensity is high, main body frame outside is provided with lateral dynamics assembly, and inner side arranges wiper mechanism and forms the lengthwise movement interval of wiper mechanism. lateral dynamics assembly comprises and is arranged on the cross motor 12 of an exterior bottom, the power transmission shaft 15 connected with cross motor 12, is evenly distributed on three driving wheels 16 on power transmission shaft 15 and is located at another outside driven pulley 17 corresponding with driving wheel 16, be supported on better on photovoltaic module in order to meet, power transmission shaft 15 adopts two aluminium alloy axles to dock and forms, centre connects by flexible clutch 18, adopt aluminum alloy material to make, alleviated construction weight, two docking form, meet longer demand, adopt flexible clutch 18 to connect, avoid the coaxiality deviation problem that causes because of deformation, driving wheel 16 adopts aluminium matter to wrap up in rubber tire, rub resistance, good weatherability, there is certain elasticity simultaneously, play in the process of walking certain cushioning effect. in main body frame bottom, locating wheel 14 under a group is set, top connects locating wheel 13 on a group by spring shock absorption mechanism 19, upper locating wheel 13, lower locating wheel 14 and driving wheel 16, driven pulley 17 setting parties are to vertically, for being fastened on respectively the upper frame of photovoltaic module, underframe along its slip, because photovoltaic module is in the time constructing, installation site between photovoltaic module there are differences, each point unbalance stress when wiper mechanism is walked in photovoltaic module square formation in the drive of walking mechanism, cause moving up and down asynchronous, run-off the straight, by upper locating wheel 13 is set, lower locating wheel 14, can avoid causing falling from photovoltaic module from top assembly because of inclination, cause stuck. in cleaning process due on locating wheel 13 stressed larger, as run into obstacle (as photovoltaic module install the out-of-level step causing), be easy to block, therefore set up spring shock absorption mechanism 19, even if make wiper mechanism run into obstacle, also can eliminate impulsive force by Compress Spring and step obstacle, thereby greatly strengthen the stability of walking mechanism.
As shown in Fig. 5 to Fig. 8, wiper mechanism comprises cleaning machine frame 21, is arranged on the roller 23 of 21 4 jiaos of cleaning machine frame, is arranged on the multi-directional ball 22 of cleaning machine frame 21 two sides and is arranged on cleaning assembly and the dust treating apparatus 26 of cleaning machine frame 21 inside. roller 23 is arranged on 21 4 jiaos of outsides of cleaning machine frame cleaning machine frame 21 is suspended in above walking mechanism main body frame 11 in the time cleaning photovoltaic module, in the time of cleaning assembly not, realize the lengthwise movement of cleaning machine frame 21 along walking mechanism body frameworks 11, multi-directional ball 22 is four, be arranged on the sidewall that cleaning machine frame 21 is adjacent with main body frame 11, while cleaning photovoltaic module, wiper mechanism utilizes self gravitation and photovoltaic module to fit tightly, and move up and down at photovoltaic module by the multi-directional ball 22 of sidewall, prevent because two photovoltaic modulies are installed the phenomenon that out-of-flatness causes the local less cleaning of photovoltaic module. cleaning assembly comprises one group of round brush assembly and the cleaning motor that drives round brush assembly to roll, every group of round brush assembly is made up of two round brush 25 vertical with the direction of travel of walking mechanism, two round brush 25 of every group of round brush assembly respectively under the drive of round brush motor the surface at photovoltaic module rotate in opposite directions, in the relative closure space that dust cleaning on photovoltaic module is extremely formed by two round brush 25 and photovoltaic module, dust concentrates between two round brush 25, dust is siphoned away and is filtered rear discharge by the dust treating apparatus 26 between two round brush 25 again, can prevent that airborne dust that round brush 25 causes while cleaning photovoltaic module from dropping on again forms secondary pollution on photovoltaic module, can guarantee to remove the dust of photovoltaic module without washing. meanwhile, two round brush 25 relatively rotate can offset the frictional force of round brush 25 on photovoltaic module, reduces the resistance of outside walking mechanism, also can improve cleaning performance. dust treating apparatus 26 comprises blower fan, ash deposition box and filter core, and blower fan sucks the dust in enclosure space in ash deposition box, and by filter core, dust is filtered and discharges air, and dust is collected in described ash deposition box.
As shown in Figure 9, wiper mechanism is along with walking mechanism is synchronized with the movement and photovoltaic module is cleaned along photovoltaic module horizontal direction, in the time that the main body frame 11 of walking mechanism arrives opposite side from a side of photovoltaic module, Longitudinal assembly drives longitudinally move on main body frame 11 stroke of a wiper mechanism length direction of wiper mechanism to clean next section. Longitudinal assembly comprises the longitudinal motor 32 that is arranged on long transverse lever middle part, the double flute reel 31 being connected with longitudinal motor 32, be arranged on fixed pulley 34 and the steel wire rope 33 at hyphen bar middle part by strainer 35, steel wire rope 33 one end are connected with wiper mechanism cleaning machine frame 21 center bottom, after fixed pulley 34 break-ins, winding is on a groove of double flute reel 31, from laying out, another groove of double flute reel 31 is connected with wiper mechanism cleaning machine frame 21 top middle portion, steel wire rope 33 two are respectively by clockwise, mode is on double flute reel 31 counterclockwise, in the time that longitudinal motor 32 drives double flute reel 31 to rotate, 33 1, steel wire rope loosens one and tightens up, thereby realizing steel wire rope 33 by longitudinal motor 32 rotatings moves up and down and drives the longitudinal walking on main body frame of the cleaning machine frame 21 of wiper mechanism. tensioning apparatus has certain tensile force under spring action, extends preventing after the sagging and stress deformation of steel wire rope 33, can realize automatic adjustment because steel wire rope 33 is wrapped in the number of share of stock difference of double flute reel 31 simultaneously, cause linear velocity to differ, the phenomenon such as fast of put soon slow that occurs receiving or putting slowly of receiving.
Solar powered mechanism comprises little photovoltaic panel, battery and charging-discharging controller, little photovoltaic panel absorbs solar electrical energy generation, be stored to battery by charging-discharging controller, charging-discharging controller provides battery to intelligence control system simultaneously, automatically controls cleaning way, the scavenging period etc. of operation stroke, direction and the wiper mechanism of walking mechanism.
The cleaning method of photovoltaic module cleaning device provided by the invention, comprises the steps:
(1) main body frame one end is arranged on to the upper side frame of photovoltaic module, the other end is arranged on photovoltaic module lower frame by lower locating wheel by upper locating wheel, when initial, main body frame is arranged on photovoltaic module one side;
(2) start cross motor, cross motor drives driving wheel and drives driven pulley to make main body frame on photovoltaic module, do transverse movement, wiper mechanism is followed main body frame transverse movement by contact connected multi-directional ball with main body frame, now wiper mechanism utilize self gravitation be supported on photovoltaic module surface make wiper mechanism roller on main body frame, keep suspend, start and clean motor, two round brush in wiper mechanism rotate in opposite directions on the surface of photovoltaic module respectively under the drive of cleaning motor, dust on photovoltaic module is cleaned to the enclosure space being formed by two round brush and photovoltaic module, the dust treating apparatus of wiper mechanism siphons away and filters rear discharge by the dust in this enclosure space,
(3), when main body frame during to opposite side, stops cross motor from a lateral movement of photovoltaic module, now wiper mechanism leaves photovoltaic module surface and is oppositely supported on main body frame by roller, execution step (4);
(4) start longitudinal motor, longitudinally driven by motor pull rope traction wiper mechanism vertically moves the stroke of a wiper mechanism seat in the plane, stops longitudinal motor;
(5) repeating step (2), (3), (4), cross motor drives main body frame back and forth movement on photovoltaic module, and longitudinally driven by motor wiper mechanism lengthwise movement in main body frame, until wiper mechanism completes the cleaning of whole photovoltaic module.
As mentioned above, although represented and explained the present invention with reference to specific preferred embodiment, it shall not be construed as the restriction to the present invention self. Not departing under the spirit and scope of the present invention prerequisite of claims definition, can make in the form and details various variations to it.

Claims (6)

1. a photovoltaic module cleaning device, comprises and is connected across the walking mechanism on photovoltaic module and is arranged on the wiper mechanism in walking mechanism, it is characterized in that: described walking mechanism comprises main body frame, lateral dynamics assembly, Longitudinal assembly, main body frame one end connects the spacing upper side frame at photovoltaic module of location wheels by spring shock absorption mechanism, the other end is by the spacing lower frame at photovoltaic module of lower location wheels, lateral dynamics assembly comprises the cross motor of being located at main body frame one side, the power transmission shaft being connected with cross motor, the evenly driving wheel on power transmission shaft and be located at the driven pulley of main body frame opposite side respectively, Longitudinal assembly comprises the longitudinal motor that is arranged on one end in main body frame, the double flute reel being connected with longitudinal motor, be arranged on the tensioning apparatus of the other end in main body frame, the fixed pulley being connected with tensioning apparatus and pull rope, pull rope one end is connected with described wiper mechanism bottom, after fixed pulley break-in, winding is on a groove of double flute reel, from laying out, another groove of double flute reel is connected with described wiper mechanism top, described wiper mechanism outer wall contacts with described main body frame inwall by multi-directional ball and is connected and is oppositely supported on described main body frame by roller,
Described cross motor drives the driving wheel of described main body frame one side and drives the driven pulley of opposite side to make described main body frame on photovoltaic module, do transverse movement, described wiper mechanism is followed described main body frame transverse movement by described multi-directional ball and photovoltaic module is cleaned and make described roller on described main body frame, keep suspending, and wiper mechanism does lengthwise movement by described roller on described main body frame described in described longitudinal driven by motor rope traction.
2. photovoltaic module cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described main body frame adopts aluminum rectangular tube to make, described power transmission shaft adopts two aluminium alloy axles to dock and forms, joint connects by flexible clutch, described driving wheel adopts aluminium matter to wrap up in rubber tire, described driving wheel is three, the setting corresponding to described driving wheel of described driven pulley, and described pull rope is steel wire rope.
3. photovoltaic module cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described wiper mechanism comprises cleaning machine frame, is arranged on cleaning assembly and the dust treating apparatus of cleaning machine frame inside, and described roller is arranged on four jiaos of cleaning machine frame, described multi-directional ball is arranged on cleaning machine frame two side; Described cleaning assembly comprises at least one group of round brush assembly and the cleaning motor that drives round brush assembly to roll, every group of round brush assembly comprises two round brush, two round brush rotate in opposite directions on the surface of photovoltaic module respectively under the drive of cleaning motor, by the dust cleaning on photovoltaic module, to the enclosure space being formed by two round brush and photovoltaic module, described dust treating apparatus is discharged the dust cleaning in this enclosure space.
4. photovoltaic module cleaning device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described multi-directional ball is four, be symmetricly set on the close two sides of the frame of described cleaning machine frame and described main body frame, described dust treating apparatus comprises blower fan, ash deposition box and filter core, described blower fan sucks the dust in enclosure space in ash deposition box, and by filter core, dust is filtered and discharges air, dust is collected in described ash deposition box.
5. photovoltaic module cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise the solar powered mechanism and the intelligent operation controlling organization that are connected with walking mechanism, solar powered mechanism comprises little photovoltaic panel, battery and charging-discharging controller, little photovoltaic panel absorbs solar electrical energy generation, be stored to battery by charging-discharging controller, battery is provided intelligence control system by charging-discharging controller simultaneously, and intelligence control system is controlled cleaning way, the scavenging period of operation stroke, direction and the wiper mechanism of walking mechanism automatically.
6. for a cleaning method for the claims 1 to 5 arbitrary described photovoltaic module cleaning device, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
(1) main body frame one end is arranged on to the upper side frame of photovoltaic module, the other end is arranged on photovoltaic module lower frame by lower locating wheel by upper locating wheel, when initial, main body frame is arranged on photovoltaic module one side;
(2) start cross motor, cross motor drives driving wheel and drives driven pulley to make main body frame on photovoltaic module, do transverse movement, wiper mechanism is followed main body frame transverse movement by contact connected multi-directional ball with main body frame, now wiper mechanism utilize self gravitation be supported on photovoltaic module surface make wiper mechanism roller on main body frame, keep suspend, start and clean motor, two round brush in wiper mechanism rotate in opposite directions on the surface of photovoltaic module respectively under the drive of cleaning motor, dust on photovoltaic module is cleaned to the enclosure space being formed by two round brush and photovoltaic module, the dust treating apparatus of wiper mechanism siphons away and filters discharge by the dust in this enclosure space,
(3), when main body frame during to opposite side, stops cross motor from a lateral movement of photovoltaic module, now wiper mechanism leaves photovoltaic module surface and is oppositely supported on main body frame by roller, execution step (4);
(4) start longitudinal motor, longitudinally driven by motor pull rope traction wiper mechanism vertically moves the stroke of a wiper mechanism seat in the plane, stops longitudinal motor;
(5) repeating step (2), (3), (4), cross motor drives main body frame back and forth movement on photovoltaic module, and longitudinally driven by motor wiper mechanism lengthwise movement in main body frame, until wiper mechanism completes the cleaning of whole photovoltaic module.
CN201610006820.0A 2015-07-28 2016-01-04 A kind of photovoltaic module cleaning device and its cleaning method CN105598114B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2015104528603 2015-07-28
CN201510452860.3A CN105071762A (en) 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Solar intelligent cleaning device for photovoltaic arrays
CN201610006820.0A CN105598114B (en) 2015-07-28 2016-01-04 A kind of photovoltaic module cleaning device and its cleaning method

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CN105071762A (en) 2015-11-18

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