CN103350084A - Solar cell panel cleaning system in photovoltaic power station - Google Patents

Solar cell panel cleaning system in photovoltaic power station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103350084A
CN103350084A CN2013103020873A CN201310302087A CN103350084A CN 103350084 A CN103350084 A CN 103350084A CN 2013103020873 A CN2013103020873 A CN 2013103020873A CN 201310302087 A CN201310302087 A CN 201310302087A CN 103350084 A CN103350084 A CN 103350084A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
device support
cleaning device
cleaning
solar panel
sparge pipe
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CN2013103020873A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103350084B (en
Inventor
殷培星
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201310302087.3A priority Critical patent/CN103350084B/en
Publication of CN103350084A publication Critical patent/CN103350084A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2014/074077 priority patent/WO2015007105A1/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/20Cleaning; Removing snow
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/024Cleaning by means of spray elements moving over the surface to be cleaned
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention provides a solar cell panel cleaning system in a photovoltaic power station. The solar cell panel cleaning system comprises an upper rail and a lower rail, idler wheels are mounted inside the rails, and the idler wheels are provided with a cleaning device support. Water spraying pipes are mounted on the two sides of the cleaning device support respectively, the water spraying pipes are connected with a water inlet pipe through a reversing valve, and a plurality of water spraying holes are formed in the water spraying pipes in the length direction of the water spraying pipes. The cleaning device support is provided with a hairbrush and a cleaning and water scraping rubber strip, and the hairbrush and the cleaning and water scraping rubber strip are placed between the water spraying pipes. An actuating device and a winding drum are mounted on the back face of a solar cell panel, and a wire cable on the winding drum is connected with the cleaning device support by being guided. One end of the upper rail is bent downwards in the vertical direction, one end of the lower rail is bent downwards in the vertical direction, so that the outer end parts of the rails and the main section parts of the rails are placed in different horizontal planes, the horizontal planes on the outer end parts of the rails are lower than the horizontal planes of the main section parts of the rails, and the inclined rail connection mode is adopted at the joints of the outer end parts of the rails and the main section parts of the rails. The solar cell panel cleaning system in the photovoltaic power station can overcome the defects in the prior art.

Description

Photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar panel and clean, is a kind of photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system.
Background technology
Solar panel enlarged gradually in China's range of application in recent years, for this reason, those skilled in the art provide more multiple cleaning device to solar panel, dust on the solar panel that is exposed in the outdoor environment is in time cleaned, make the daylighting of solar panel unaffected.Find that in use there is some more deficiency in these published cleaning devices: loaded down with trivial details, the inconvenient maintenance of structure; Because structural design is not enough, automatically control of difficult realization; When not needing the cleaning solar energy cell plate, the structure of purging system self is easily blocked solar panel, affects the daylighting of cell panel, and the cell panel of cleaning difficulty reaches preferably clean level etc.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is, a kind of photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system is provided, make it can solve the deficiency that prior art exists.
The present invention for achieving the above object, be achieved through the following technical solutions: photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system, comprise and getting on the right track and lower railway, interior installation the first roller gets on the right track, the second roller is installed in the lower railway, the cleaning device support is installed on the first roller and the second roller, the first sparge pipe and the second sparge pipe are installed respectively in cleaning device support both sides, the first sparge pipe be connected sparge pipe and be connected with water inlet pipe by reversal valve, the first sparge pipe and the second sparge pipe are offered several hole for water sprayings along its length, hairbrush and cleaning scraper glue bar are installed on the cleaning device support, hairbrush and cleaning scraper glue bar are between the first sparge pipe and the second sparge pipe, cleaning scraper glue bar is segmentation structure, and the length direction of cleaning scraper glue bar and the length direction of cleaning device support arrange angle α 1Drive unit and reel are installed in Solar panel backside, steel cable on the reel is connected with the cleaning device support by guiding, get on the right track an end vertically downwards the bending, make the outer end of getting on the right track be positioned at different horizontal planes from the principal piece section of getting on the right track, the horizontal plane of outer end of getting on the right track is lower than the horizontal plane at the principal piece position of getting on the right track, the get on the right track junction of outer end and the principal piece section of getting on the right track adopts the first oblique rail to be connected, one end of lower railway is bending downwards vertically, make the lower railway outer end be positioned at different horizontal planes from the principal piece section of lower railway, the horizontal plane of lower railway outer end is lower than the horizontal plane at the principal piece position of lower railway, and the lower railway outer end adopts the second oblique rail to be connected with the junction of the principal piece section of lower railway.The cross section of cleaning device support is the groove shape, tilts to install rubber strip supports in the groove, and cleaning scraper glue bar is installed in the rubber strip supports.The angle α that the length direction of cleaning scraper glue bar and the length direction of cleaning device support arrange 1It is 2 °-6 °.The first oblique rail and the second oblique rail inclined angle alpha with respect to the horizontal plane 2It is 10 °-30 °.Connection cord and lower connection cord are set respectively on the reel, upper connection cord one end is fixed on the upper end of cleaning device support, the other end is connected with cleaning device support upper end after walking around successively the second pulley, the first directive wheel and reel, the 3rd directive wheel and the first pulley, lower connection cord one end is fixed on cleaning device support lower end, and the other end is walked around successively the 4th pulley, the second directive wheel, reel, the 4th directive wheel and the 3rd pulley and is connected with cleaning device support lower end.Sparge pipe one end is offered an osculum, and the diameter of osculum is greater than the diameter of hole for water spraying.
The described first oblique rail and the second oblique rail inclined angle alpha with respect to the horizontal plane 2It is 25 °.
The angle α that the length direction of described cleaning scraper glue bar and the length direction of cleaning device support arrange 1It is 3 °.
Solar panel purging system provided by the invention has solved existing purging system stop to clean after the problem of himself structure sunshade, after stopping to clean, the solar panel purging system rests on than on the low position of solar panel horizontal plane, make the solar panel purging system rest on the solar panel edge, when not affecting the daylighting of solar panel, can also control as requested purging system and automatically clean; It is reasonable in design to clean or clean the track bending structure that stops after complete at needs, can make the fast automatic movement of purging system, does not need manual adjustment, and has the characteristics of long service life, freedom from repairs; Purging system of the present invention is when the cleaning solar energy cell plate, the hairbrush adhesive tape structure makes cleaning process not occur water stain and cleans vestige, and can make to be attached to and have more intense bur on the cell panel and once scrape wash clean, after being cleaned, cell panel reaches higher clean level; Purging system of the present invention adopts vertical setting of types tracking mode structure, guarantees all water sprays of solar panel surface, reach clean up in, saved water consumption; Each component locations relation of structure of the present invention is reasonable in design, can make the speed of service of purging system reach 10 m/mins, and cleaning speed is fast, and cleaning up is another characteristics of the present invention.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present invention; Accompanying drawing 2 is backsight structural representations of accompanying drawing 1; Accompanying drawing 3 be in the accompanying drawing 1 A to the structure for amplifying schematic diagram; Accompanying drawing 4 is that B-B analyses and observe the structure for amplifying schematic diagram in the accompanying drawing 1; Accompanying drawing 5 be in the accompanying drawing 1 C to the structure for amplifying schematic diagram.
In figure: 1 second gripper shoe 2,23 times connection cords 24 of connection cord 16 first directive wheel 17 second directive wheel 18 first gripper shoe 19 hole for water spraying 20 osculum 21 first roller 22 second rollers the 3rd directive wheel 25 the 4th directive wheel 26 second sparge pipe 27 hairbrush 28 cleaning scraper glue bar 29 rubber strip supports 30 oblique rails 34 of the oblique rail 33 second of link 32 first, the 35 lower railway outer ends, outer end of getting on the right track of getting on the right track on 3 lower railway 4 the 3rd gripper shoe 5 reel 6 drive unit 7 water inlet pipe 8 reversal valve 9 cleaning device support 10 first sparge pipe 11 first pulley 12 second pulley 13 the 3rd pulley 14 the 4th pulleys 15.
The specific embodiment
The contrast accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described.
2 is to get on the right track among the figure, the 3rd, lower railway, 2 interior installation the first rollers 21 get on the right track, lower railway 3 interior installation the second rollers 22, cleaning device support 9 is installed on the first roller 21 and the second roller 22, the first sparge pipe 10 and the second sparge pipe 26 are installed respectively in cleaning device support 9 both sides, the first sparge pipe 10 be connected sparge pipe 26 and be connected with water inlet pipe 7 by reversal valve 8, the first sparge pipe 10 and the second sparge pipe 26 are offered several hole for water sprayings 19 along its length, hairbrush 27 and cleaning scraper glue bar 28 are installed on the cleaning device support 9, hairbrush 27 and cleaning scraper glue bar 28 are between the first sparge pipe 10 and the second sparge pipe 26, cleaning scraper glue bar 28 is segmentation structure, and the length direction of cleaning scraper glue bar 28 and the length direction of cleaning device support 9 arrange angle α 1Drive unit 6 and reel 5 are installed in Solar panel backside, steel cable on the reel 5 is connected with cleaning device support 9 by directive wheel, get on the right track 2 one ends vertically downwards the bending, make the outer end 34 of getting on the right track be positioned at different horizontal planes from 2 the principal piece section of getting on the right track, the horizontal plane of outer end 34 of getting on the right track is lower than the horizontal plane at 2 the principal piece position of getting on the right track, the outer end 34 of getting on the right track adopts the first oblique rail 32 to be connected with the junction of 2 the principal piece section of getting on the right track, one end of lower railway 3 is bending downwards vertically, make lower railway outer end 35 be positioned at different horizontal planes from the principal piece section of lower railway 3, the horizontal plane of lower railway outer end 35 is lower than the horizontal plane at the principal piece position of lower railway 3, and lower railway outer end 35 adopts the second oblique rail 33 to be connected with the junction of the principal piece section of lower railway 3.
In the such scheme of the present invention, cleaning scraper glue bar 28 is segmentation structure, transversely arranged piece number with solar panel is as the criterion, for example: solar panel laterally is arranged in a large plane by three or four, then clear water is scraped glue bar 28 and is divided into three sections or four sections and is linked to be an integral body, the length direction of cleaning scraper glue bar 28 and the length direction of cleaning device support 9 design angle α 1Effect be, cleaning scraper glue bar 28 and the widthwise edge of solar panel are moved along forming the some way of contact, reducing the resistance of cleaning device support 9 operations, described solar panel laterally be vertical direction with respect to cleaning device support 9 traffic directions.The concrete mounting structure of cleaning scraper glue bar 28 is: the cross section of cleaning device support 9 is the groove shape, tilt to install rubber strip supports 29 in the groove, rubber strip supports 29 interior installation cleaning scraper glue bars 28, the quantity of rubber strip supports 29 is identical with the quantity of cleaning scraper glue bar 28 according to actual needs, rubber strip supports 29 tilts to be installed in the cleaning device support 9 the angle α of the angle that arranges between the length direction of the length direction of rubber strip supports 29 and cleaning device support 9 and cleaning scraper glue bar 28 1Identical, the angle of inclination is identical, and the number of degrees of angle are identical.
Further scheme provided by the invention is: the first oblique rail 32 and the second oblique rail 33 inclined angle alpha with respect to the horizontal plane 2It is 10 °-30 °.This angle makes purging system be easy to go upward to above the solar panel when starting, clean and be easy to walk to the solar panel below after complete, and each structure on the cleaning device support 9 is not sustained damage when shifting one's position with cleaning device support 9, do not affect its service life.
The preferred scheme of the present invention is: connection cord 15 and lower connection cord 23 are set respectively on the reel 5, upper connection cord 15 1 ends are fixed on the upper end of cleaning device support 9, the other end is connected with cleaning device support 9 upper ends after walking around successively the second pulley 12, the first directive wheel and reel 5, the 3rd directive wheel 24 and the first pulley 11, lower connection cord 23 1 ends are fixed on cleaning device support 9 lower ends, and the other end is walked around successively the 4th pulley 14, the second directive wheel 17, reel 5, the 4th directive wheel 25 and the 3rd pulley 13 and is connected with cleaning device support 9 lower ends.This structure can make cleaning device support 9 reciprocatingly move under the connection cord on the reel 5 drives, and can make cleaning device support 9 parallel fast moving the time, does not produce the phenomenon that gets stuck, and it is fast to reach translational speed, makes the cleanliness factor of cleaning of cell panel higher.
Sparge pipe 10 1 ends of the present invention are offered an osculum 20, and the diameter of osculum 20 is greater than the diameter of hole for water spraying 19.Osculum 20 is used for pressure release, further guarantees to make the water spray pressure stability of hole for water spraying 19, to reach better cleaning performance.
The of the present invention first oblique rail 32 and the second oblique rail 33 inclined angle alpha with respect to the horizontal plane 2It is 25 °.
Purging system of the present invention is installed on the solar panel and uses, the first gripper shoe 18, the second gripper shoe 1 and the 3rd gripper shoe 4 are the structures on the solar panel among the figure, when purging system of the present invention is installed reel 5 and drive unit 6 are installed on the second gripper shoe 1, the directive wheel bracing frame is installed in respectively on the first gripper shoe 18 and the 3rd gripper shoe 4, and each directive wheel is installed in respectively separately on the corresponding directive wheel bracing frame.The two ends of the first gripper shoe 18, the second gripper shoe 1 and the 3rd gripper shoe 42 are connected with link on lower railway is connected with getting on the right track respectively.Drive unit 6 of the present invention is motor or the structures such as motor and gearbox, and drive unit 6 links to each other with reel 5, and reel 5 is driven by drive unit 6 and rotates.
Solar panel of the present invention all functions such as is controlled its walking, water spray, commutates and stops by control system.When needs cleaning solar energy cell plate, start drive unit 6, drive unit 6 band movable reels 5 are rotated, reel 5 drives respectively upper connection cord 15 and lower connection cord 23 synchronizing movings that are wrapped on the reel 5, thereby drives cleaning device support 9 along rail moving.When cleaning device support 9 is moved to the left, reversal valve 8 is with 10 shutoff of the first sparge pipe, the second sparge pipe 26 is communicated with water inlet pipe 7, behind the second sparge pipe 26 water sprays, hairbrush 27 and 28 pairs of cell panels of cleaning scraper glue bar clean, when cleaning device support 9 moves right, reversal valve 8 is with 26 shutoff of the second sparge pipe, the first sparge pipe 10 is communicated with water inlet pipe 7, and behind the first sparge pipe 10 water sprays, hairbrush 27 and 28 pairs of cell panels of cleaning scraper glue bar clean.After cleaning is complete, cleaning device support 9 move to left to the kink of rail end to be displaced downwardly to solar panel below, make cleaning device support 9 and on each structure below of moving to the solar panel horizontal plane park, thereby avoided the structure of purging system to keep the sun off, affected the problem of solar panel daylighting.
The preferred scheme of the present invention is: the angle α that the length direction of cleaning scraper glue bar 28 and the length direction of cleaning device support 9 arrange 1Be 2 °-6 °, the gradient of cleaning scraper glue bar 28 can make rinse water form at short notice delay, further improves cleaning performance, and cleaning scraper glue bar 28 can reduce barrier force with the angle of the length direction of cleaning device support 9 when starting operation.
The further preferred version of the present invention is: the angle α that the length direction of cleaning scraper glue bar 28 and the length direction of cleaning device support 9 arrange 1It is 3 °.
The position, upper and lower, left and right of each structure of the present invention all is as the criterion according to shown position and does description.

Claims (8)

1. photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system, comprise and getting on the right track (2) and lower railway (3), (2) interior first roller (21) of installing gets on the right track, the second roller (22) is installed in the lower railway (3), it is characterized in that: the upper cleaning device support (9) of installing of the first roller (21) and the second roller (22), the first sparge pipe (10) and the second sparge pipe (26) are installed respectively in cleaning device support (9) both sides, the first sparge pipe (10) be connected sparge pipe (26) and be connected with water inlet pipe (7) by reversal valve (8), the first sparge pipe (10) and the second sparge pipe (26) are offered several hole for water sprayings (19) along its length, upper hairbrush (27) and the cleaning scraper glue bar (28) installed of cleaning device support (9), hairbrush (27) and cleaning scraper glue bar (28) are positioned between the first sparge pipe (10) and the second sparge pipe (26), cleaning scraper glue bar (28) is segmentation structure, and the length direction of the length direction of cleaning scraper glue bar (28) and cleaning device support (9) arranges angle α 1Drive unit (6) and reel (5) are installed in Solar panel backside, steel cable on the reel (5) is connected with cleaning device support (9) by guiding, get on the right track (2) one ends vertically downwards the bending, make the outer end of getting on the right track (34) be positioned at different horizontal planes from the principal piece section of get on the right track (2), the horizontal plane of outer end (34) of getting on the right track is lower than the horizontal plane at the principal piece position of get on the right track (2), the get on the right track junction of outer end (34) and the principal piece section of get on the right track (2) adopts the first oblique rail (32) to be connected, one end of lower railway (3) is bending downwards vertically, make lower railway outer end (35) be positioned at different horizontal planes from the principal piece section of lower railway (3), the horizontal plane of lower railway outer end (35) is lower than the horizontal plane at the principal piece position of lower railway (3), and lower railway outer end (35) adopt the second oblique rail (33) to be connected with the junction of the principal piece section of lower railway (3).
2. photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the cross section of cleaning device support (9) is the groove shape, tilt to install rubber strip supports (29) in the groove, cleaning scraper glue bar (28) is installed in the rubber strip supports (29).
3. photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the angle α that the length direction of the length direction of cleaning scraper glue bar (28) and cleaning device support (9) arranges 1It is 2 °-6 °.
4. photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the first oblique rail (32) and the second oblique rail (33) inclined angle alpha with respect to the horizontal plane 2It is 10 °-30 °.
5. photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: connection cord (15) and lower connection cord (23) are set respectively on the reel (5), upper connection cord (15) one ends are fixed on the upper end of cleaning device support (9), the other end is walked around the second pulley (12) successively, the first directive wheel (16) and reel (5), be connected with cleaning device support (9) upper end behind the 3rd directive wheel (24) and the first pulley (11), lower connection cord (23) one ends are fixed on cleaning device support (9) lower end, and the other end is walked around the 4th pulley (14) successively, the second directive wheel (17), reel (5), the 4th directive wheel (25) is connected with cleaning device support (9) lower end with the 3rd pulley (13).
6. photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: sparge pipe (10) one ends are offered an osculum (20), and the diameter of osculum (20) is greater than the diameter of hole for water spraying (19).
7. photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the first oblique rail (32) and the second oblique rail (33) inclined angle alpha with respect to the horizontal plane 2It is 25 °.
8. photovoltaic plant solar panel purging system according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the angle α that the length direction of the length direction of cleaning scraper glue bar (28) and cleaning device support (9) arranges 1It is 3 °.
CN201310302087.3A 2013-07-18 2013-07-18 Solar cell panel cleaning system in photovoltaic power station Active CN103350084B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310302087.3A CN103350084B (en) 2013-07-18 2013-07-18 Solar cell panel cleaning system in photovoltaic power station
PCT/CN2014/074077 WO2015007105A1 (en) 2013-07-18 2014-03-26 Cleaning system for solar panel of photovoltaic power station

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CN201310302087.3A CN103350084B (en) 2013-07-18 2013-07-18 Solar cell panel cleaning system in photovoltaic power station

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CN103350084B CN103350084B (en) 2015-02-18

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