CN103056133B - Solar battery panel cleaning system - Google Patents

Solar battery panel cleaning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103056133B
CN103056133B CN201310038030.7A CN201310038030A CN103056133B CN 103056133 B CN103056133 B CN 103056133B CN 201310038030 A CN201310038030 A CN 201310038030A CN 103056133 B CN103056133 B CN 103056133B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
solar panel
travel
controller
track
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CN201310038030.7A
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CN103056133A (en
Inventor
陈开碇
孙晓平
陈龙
张圆
刘恩春
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Henan Keda Energy Saving Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Henan Keda Energy Saving Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a solar battery panel cleaning system, which comprises a controller, rails arranged on the left side and the right side of an inclined solar battery panel, a water spraying device, an erasing device and a water supply device for supplying high-pressure water to the water spraying device, wherein the water spraying device and the erasing device are arranged on the two rails through movable brackets in a sliding manner; and the water supply device and the erasing device are respectively connected with the controller through data wires. The solar battery panel cleaning system has the advantages of rational design, simple structure, high automation degree, low labor intensity of workers, good cleaning effect, safety and reliability; the surface of a solar battery panel can be automatically cleaned according to a set time interval, so that the effectiveness and the strength of sunshine irradiation on the battery panel are improved; the photoelectric conversion efficiency is improved; and the service life of the solar battery panel is prolonged.

Description

A kind of solar panel cleaning systems
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of solar utilization technique, particularly a kind of solar panel cleaning systems.
Background technology
Solar panel in use can adhere to more dust or other attachments on its surface, affect the printing opacity of cell panel, hinder photoelectric effect, thus reduction generating efficiency, summer temp is higher in addition, and cell panel surface dirt is many, not easy heat radiation, easily higher than 40 DEG C, not only electricity generation efficiency reduces, and shortens the life-span of solar panel.Therefore, the clean of solar panel is kept to be very important.At present, cleaning for solar panel, general is all that artificial hand-held cleaning tool carries out cleaning operation, this is for being arranged on roof or other not easy-operating places, and manually not only labour intensity is large, inefficiency, and it is dangerous high, artificial clean also existence is clean uneven in addition, and whole structure is bad, the defect of fragile solar panel.
Summary of the invention
The present invention, in order to solve weak point of the prior art, provides the solar panel cleaning systems that a kind of automaticity is high, cleaning efficiency is high, cleaning effect is good.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: a kind of solar panel cleaning systems, comprise controller, be located at the track of the skewed solar panel left and right sides, water injector, wiping arrangement and provide the water supply installation of water under high pressure for water injector, water injector and wiping arrangement are all slided by travel(l)ing rest and are located on two tracks, and water supply installation is connected with controller respectively by data wire with wiping arrangement.
Described travel(l)ing rest is respectively equipped with one on every bar track, and water injector comprises the rigidity water pipe be located between two travel(l)ing rests, and rigidity water pipe is provided with row's hole for water spraying towards side, solar panel surface.
Described water supply installation comprises tank and water pump, and the water inlet of water pump is connected with tank, and the delivery port of water pump is connected with rigidity water pipe by high-pressure hose, and water pump is connected with controller by described data wire.
Described wiping arrangement comprises the cross bar be located at perpendicular to track between two travel(l)ing rests, cross bar is positioned at the oblique below of rigidity water pipe, cross bar sidepiece is provided with the row brush hair for wiping solar panel surface, the roller along non-orbiting scroll is equipped with under each travel(l)ing rest, roller under one of them travel(l)ing rest is connected with the reducing motor be located on travel(l)ing rest, and reducing motor is connected with controller by described data wire.
The two ends of one of them track are respectively equipped with one for limiting the limit switch of roller orbital motion position, and two limit switches are connected with controller by holding wire.
Also comprise sedimentation basin, lower one end of described solar panel is provided with the water receiving tank consistent with solar panel width, and water receiving tank is communicated with sedimentation basin by drainpipe.
Described tank is connected by return pipe with sedimentation basin top.
Adopt technique scheme, the water that water pump extracts in tank is carried to rigidity water pipe by high-pressure hose, water under high pressure is sprayed to solar panel surface by the row's hole for water spraying on rigidity water pipe, the current ejected are from top to bottom along the flowing of solar panel surface, reducing motor drives roller to rotate simultaneously, roller drives travel(l)ing rest, rigidity water pipe and cross bar together orbital motion, while water spray, bristle on cross bar carries out wiping to solar panel surface, when moving to track one end, signal is inputed to controller by holding wire by limit switch, controller sends the instruction of reversion to reducing motor by data wire, drive roller reverses, roller drives travel(l)ing rest, the together counter motion of rigidity water pipe and cross bar, when moving to the other end of track again, under the restriction of another limit switch, rigidity water pipe and cross bar move back and forth like this, wash away with under the acting in conjunction of bristle wiping at current, the dust on solar panel surface is easy to wash off, dust flow in water receiving tank along with water, sedimentation basin is flowed into by drainpipe, the clear water on sedimentation basin top flow in tank by return pipe again, recycling of clean water can be realized like this.By operation control, can set or manipulate opening and closing and the working time of water pump and reducing motor.
The present invention is reasonable in design, simple structure, automaticity are high, hand labor intensity is low, cleaning effect is good, safe and reliable, the time period set by interval is cleaned automatically to solar panel surface, contribute to like this increasing the solar panel significant degree of exposing to sunlight and intensity, improve photoelectric transformation efficiency, extend solar panel service life.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of solar panel cleaning systems of the present invention, comprise controller 1, be located at the track 3 of skewed solar panel 2 left and right sides, water injector, wiping arrangement, the water supply installation that water under high pressure is provided for water injector and sedimentation basin 14, water injector and wiping arrangement are slided by travel(l)ing rest 18 and are located on two tracks 3, and water supply installation is connected with controller 1 respectively by data wire 4 with wiping arrangement.
Travel(l)ing rest 18 is respectively equipped with one on every bar track 3, and water injector comprises the rigidity water pipe 6 be located between two travel(l)ing rests 18, and rigidity water pipe 6 is provided with row's hole for water spraying 7 towards the surperficial side of solar panel 2.
Water supply installation comprises tank 10 and water pump 11, and the water inlet of water pump 11 is connected with tank 10, and the delivery port of water pump 11 is connected with rigidity water pipe 6 by high-pressure hose 21, and water pump 11 is connected with controller 1 by described data wire 4.
Wiping arrangement comprises the cross bar 19 be located at perpendicular to track 3 between two travel(l)ing rests 18, cross bar is positioned at the oblique below of rigidity water pipe, cross bar 19 sidepiece is provided with the row brush hair 20 for wiping solar panel 2 surface, each travel(l)ing rest is equipped with the roller 8 rolled along track 3 for 18 times, roller 8 under one of them travel(l)ing rest 18 is connected with the reducing motor 17 be located on travel(l)ing rest 18, and reducing motor 17 is connected with controller 1 by data wire 4.
The two ends of one of them track 3 are respectively equipped with one and are connected with controller 1 by holding wire 13 for limit switch 12, two limit switches 12 limiting roller 8 orbital motion position.
Lower one end of solar panel 2 is provided with the water receiving tank 15 consistent with solar panel 2 width, and water receiving tank 15 is communicated with sedimentation basin 14 by drainpipe 16.Tank 10 is connected by return pipe 9 with sedimentation basin 14 top.Be provided with the filter as screen pack in the import department of drainpipe 16, filter the impurity of the larger volumes such as some fallen leaves, refuse bags, easily blocking pipe.
During cleaning operation, the water that water pump 11 extracts in tank 10 is carried to rigidity water pipe 6 by high-pressure hose, water under high pressure is sprayed to solar panel 2 surface by the row's hole for water spraying 7 on rigidity water pipe 6, the current ejected are from top to bottom along the flowing of solar panel 2 surface, reducing motor 17 drives roller 8 to rotate simultaneously, roller 8 drives travel(l)ing rest 18, rigidity water pipe 6 and cross bar 19 move along track 3, while water spray, wiping is carried out on bristle on cross bar 19 20 pairs of solar panel 2 surfaces, when moving to track 3 one end, signal is inputed to controller 1 by holding wire 13 by limit switch 12, controller 1 sends the instruction of reversion to reducing motor 17 by data wire 4, reducing motor 17 drives roller 8 to reverse, roller 8 drives travel(l)ing rest 18, rigidity water pipe 6 and cross bar 19 counter motion, when moving to the other end of track 3 again, under the restriction of another limit switch 12, cross bar 19 and the bristle 20 on it move back and forth like this, wash away with under the acting in conjunction of bristle 20 wiping at current, the dust on solar panel 2 surface is easy to wash off, dust flow in water receiving tank 15 along with water, sedimentation basin 14 is flowed into by drainpipe 16, the clear water on sedimentation basin 14 top flow in tank 10 by return pipe 9 again, recycling of clean water can be realized like this.By operation control 1, opening and closing and the working time of water pump 11 and reducing motor 17 can be manipulated.

Claims (1)

1. solar panel cleaning systems, it is characterized in that: comprise controller, be located at the track of the skewed solar panel left and right sides, water injector, wiping arrangement and provide the water supply installation of water under high pressure for water injector, water injector and wiping arrangement are all slided by travel(l)ing rest and are located on two tracks, and water supply installation is connected with controller respectively by data wire with wiping arrangement;
Described travel(l)ing rest is respectively equipped with one on every bar track, and water injector comprises the rigidity water pipe be located between two travel(l)ing rests, and rigidity water pipe is provided with row's hole for water spraying towards side, solar panel surface;
Described water supply installation comprises tank and water pump, and the water inlet of water pump is connected with tank, and the delivery port of water pump is connected with rigidity water pipe by high-pressure hose, and water pump is connected with controller by described data wire;
Described wiping arrangement comprises the cross bar be located at perpendicular to track between two travel(l)ing rests, cross bar is positioned at the oblique below of rigidity water pipe, cross bar sidepiece is provided with the row brush hair for wiping solar panel surface, the roller along non-orbiting scroll is equipped with under each travel(l)ing rest, roller under one of them travel(l)ing rest is connected with the reducing motor be located on travel(l)ing rest, and reducing motor is connected with controller by described data wire;
The two ends of one of them track are respectively equipped with one for limiting the limit switch of roller orbital motion position, and two limit switches are connected with controller by holding wire;
Also comprise sedimentation basin, lower one end of described solar panel is provided with the water receiving tank consistent with solar panel width, and water receiving tank is communicated with sedimentation basin by drainpipe;
Described tank is connected by return pipe with sedimentation basin top;
The import department of drainpipe is provided with filter.
CN201310038030.7A 2013-01-31 2013-01-31 Solar battery panel cleaning system Active CN103056133B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103056133B true CN103056133B (en) 2015-06-10

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103350084B (en) * 2013-07-18 2015-02-18 殷培星 Solar cell panel cleaning system in photovoltaic power station
CN103934225B (en) * 2014-04-28 2015-09-09 江阴万事兴技术有限公司 Jet-propelled solar panel clearing apparatus
CN105880244B (en) * 2014-08-28 2017-12-22 齐鲁工业大学 A kind of cleaning method of solar panel
CN105436110B (en) * 2015-12-28 2017-10-27 苏州高创特新能源发展股份有限公司 Cleaner based on solar cell
CN106253836A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-21 胡启元 A kind of intelligent solar cell panel cleaning device
CN107377459B (en) * 2017-06-19 2019-07-16 汤在英 A kind of intelligent photovoltaic power generator with high-efficiency cleaning ability
CN108620375B (en) * 2018-04-24 2020-03-10 南通大学 Cleaning system device for obliquely arranged solar cell and working method
CN108838142A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-11-20 南京骁科信息科技有限公司 New-energy automobile solar battery cleaning apparatus for self
CN108838143A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-11-20 南京骁科信息科技有限公司 A kind of new-energy automobile solar battery cleaning apparatus for self
CN109290232B (en) * 2018-09-20 2021-07-13 临沂文衡信息技术有限公司 Solar panel cleaning equipment
CN110145019B (en) * 2019-05-29 2021-01-26 中节能(嘉兴)环保科技园发展有限公司 Park energy-saving building with clean function and convenient to adjust

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