CN105532521A - Soft-shelled turtle/ water fennel stereo ecological planting and breeding method - Google Patents

Soft-shelled turtle/ water fennel stereo ecological planting and breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105532521A
CN105532521A CN201510899786.XA CN201510899786A CN105532521A CN 105532521 A CN105532521 A CN 105532521A CN 201510899786 A CN201510899786 A CN 201510899786A CN 105532521 A CN105532521 A CN 105532521A
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soft
shelled turtle
water
chinese celery
breeding method
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CN105532521B (en
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姚祥坦
沈亚强
杜国成
雷文宁
程旺大
陈春兴
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Jiaxing Academy Of Agricultural Sciences Zhejiang Province
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Zhejiang North Bay Wetland Ecological Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
ZHEJIANG JIAXING AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New or modified breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Farming Of Fish And Shellfish (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a soft-shelled turtle/ water fennel stereo ecological planting and breeding method, comprising the following steps: (1) selecting a region which is quiet in environment, close to a water source, and free of contamination in water quality, building a soft-shelled turtle pond whose area is 3-5 mu and depth is 1.2 to 1.4 m; (2) from April to the first ten days of June, stocking 250-350 second instar soft-shelled turtles in each mu of the soft-shelled turtle pond, the soft-shelled turtle seedlings being all female or all male; in a stocking period, feeding bait 1-2 times each day, keeping pond water transparency >=20 cm; (3) in the end of July, selecting healthy water fennel seed stems whose diameter is more than 1 cm, seeding the water fennel seed stems on a floating bed, floating bed cover area accounting for 30-40% of water surface area of the soft-shelled turtle pond; after the water fennels grow into seedlings, reducing water changing or not changing water; (4) and after the water fennel plants grow to more than 50 cm, harvesting. The method uses the water fennels to absorb and use nutrient substances produced in a culture process of the soft-shelled turtles, so as to purify water and achieve an objective of ecological cycle.

Description

A kind of soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method
Technical field
The present invention relates to zoology breeding technical field, be specifically related to a kind of soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method.
Background technology
Soft-shelled turtle is because of its delicious meat, nutritious, and crust and blood are the raw materials of pharmacy, and economic worth is high, and at home and abroad market is popular.Soft-shelled turtle happiness is perched in the environment that the silt such as river small stream, mountain stream, pond of quietness is more, and based on animal bait, as fish, shrimp, spiral shell, a species of small clam living in fresh water etc., vegetal bait is auxiliary, and as corn, wheat bran, pachyrhizus leaf etc., the bait of young soft-shelled turtle is good with earthworm.Soft-shelled turtle has hibernation habit, and water temperature slips into silt hibernation lower than when 12 DEG C, on temperature, gets out sediment motions when rising to more than 15 DEG C.Breeding soft-shell turtle has long history at Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces one band; local breeding soft-shell turtle level is higher, in the process of carrying out soft-shelled turtle intensive culture, unavoidably there will be some breeding pollution problems; singly not have impact on the quality of cultivation soft-shelled turtle, nor be beneficial to the protection of Ecological Environment.Therefore, find out a kind of kind cultural method that is not only ecological but also can increase the benefit, that increase income and become main trend.
Publication No. be CN102369906A patent document discloses a kind of ecological paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture method, comprise rice field select with prepare, soft-shelled turtle seedling puts in a suitable place to breed, raise and daily management and carry out the control of common diseases of soft-shelled turtle, wherein rice field is selected with preparation should attentively important and influential persons be more low-lying, water condition is good, current are unobstructed, and irrigation and drainage are convenient; Rice field excavation soft-shelled turtle ditch, wide 3 meters on soft-shelled turtle ditch, bottom width, dark 1.5 meters, length determines according to rice field area, and account for the rice field gross area about 20% is advisable; Tanaka entreats sandy beach, construction one place, long 5 meters, wide 1 meter, exceeds normal water level 0.8 meter.This invention is based on Rice Cropping, and cultivation soft-shelled turtle is auxiliary one environmental rice soft-shelled turtle three dimensional-planting-breeding plantation technology operation route.On the one hand, rice field is that the growth of soft-shelled turtle provides good place, on the other hand the excreta of soft-shelled turtle class and food debris are as the organic manure of paddy rice, the effect that the pool is enclosed in purification is served while the growth of rice absorbing fertilizer, soft-shelled turtle can be again rice field chesson and catch pests, and effectively improves soft-shelled turtle, improves economic benefit.But the paddy growth cycle is long, easily damage by disease and insect occurs, and in order to prevent soft-shelled turtle poisoning, rice field can not applying pesticides, certainly will cause the underproduction in rice field.
Chinese celery is the perennial aquatic vegetable of Carrot family Oenanthe, originates in China, the cultivation history of existing more than 3000 year.Chinese celery widely distributes in China, and particularly in the Yangtze river basin, wild or artificial cultivation all has, and is the important aquatic vegetable kind of China.There are some researches show, artificial cultivation Chinese celery various places planting type is different, edible petiole is had to be main dark cultivation blanching culture, blanching culture of earthing up, deep water blanching culture, the cultivation of common shallow water and booth moistening, planting etc., also have and adopt bud cultivation etc. based on the covering that a kind of sedge cultivated and ate celery bud of adopting continuously of edible tender stem, have also been developed the rice field-upland field rotation cultivation mode of Chinese celery and dry farming vegetables, Chinese celery annually cultivating pattern etc.
Publication No. is the method that patent document discloses a kind of pond kind Chinese celery cultivation erythroculter ilishaeformis of CN104082208A, comprises pond requirements, sterilization of leaving nothing usable to the invading enemy, fingerling input, breeding density, Chinese celery plantation, feedstuff feeding, breeding manage and fish for, transport; This invention makes full use of feed of throwing something and feeding in a large number in high density Culter fish culture process, ruin water quality, occur water eutrophication, and Chinese celery can absorb nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in eutrophic water body, thus the characteristic of purifying water body, for high-density breeding Culter fish provides effective development space.
Chinese celery is a kind of plant of applicable water planting, has certain catharsis to water body simultaneously.Therefore, Chinese celery cultivation is rationally applied in breeding soft-shell turtle, provides a kind of soft-shelled turtle-oenanthe stolonifera zoology breeding method will to be the effective measures solving ecological pollution, increase economic benefit.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method, utilize in breeding soft-shell turtle process and produce excreta and swill decomposes the abundant nutrition of generation to carry out the cultivation of Chinese celery in water body, utilize Chinese celery absorbing water body Middle nutrition material simultaneously, soft-shelled turtle water body is purified, thus the object reaching ecological circulation, increase the benefit.
(1) region of quiet, the close water source of Environment, water nonpollution, builds the soft-shelled turtle pool that area is 3 ~ 5 mu, the degree of depth is 1.2 ~ 1.4 meters;
(2) April to early June according to 250 ~ 350 every mu put in a suitable place to breed in the soft-shelled turtle pool two age soft-shelled turtle, soft-shelled turtle seed is complete female or entirely male; Between breeding period, the bait 1 ~ 2 time of throwing something and feeding every day, keeps water transparence >=20cm;
(3) select diameter in floating bed, to carry out seeding at the healthy Chinese celery kind stem of more than 1cm by the end of July, floating bed area coverage accounts for 30 ~ 40% of soft-shelled turtle pool water surface area; After Chinese celery seedling, reduce and change water or do not change water;
(4) treat that Chinese celery plant grows to more than 50cm and gathers.
Water is the space that soft-shelled turtle depends on for existence, and the quality of water environment and state directly affect each stage of soft-shelled turtle growth.With pollution-free, that dissolved oxygen amount is higher river or lake water as well, the indices of source quality meets relevant regulations in Ministry of Agriculture's professional standard " pollution-free food aquiculture fresh water water quality " at water source.Soft-shelled turtle is liked quiet fearness and shies, and therefore the addressing on the soft-shelled turtle pool will meet the requirement of environment quiet.Soft-shelled turtle lives in water, and dissolved oxygen sufficient in water seems to soft-shelled turtle life and is even more important, and soft-shelled turtle to creep life at Chi Diying in addition, and the difference of oxygen up and down of Chi Shui is particularly responsive to it, is advisable with 1.2 ~ 1.4m deeply in the pond on the soft-shelled turtle pool.
The grow impact of water temperature on soft-shelled turtle is very large, and the growth temperature range of soft-shelled turtle is 20 ~ 33 DEG C, and in conjunction with the climatic characteristic that Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces one is with, April to early June starts to throw in soft-shelled turtle seed, preferably, every mu put in a suitable place to breed about 500g two age soft-shelled turtle 300.Require that the soft-shelled turtle seed put in a suitable place to breed is for complete male or entirely female, avoids soft-shelled turtle to come to the ripening period because breeding affects individual growth simultaneously.
Research shows, in summer when water temperature is more than 35 DEG C, soft-shelled turtle enjoys the cool without the place of sunlight exposure with regard to needing to find.In conjunction with this feature, the present invention is in starting soft-shelled turtle pool water surface planting Chinese celery by the end of July, and Chinese celery also plays and absorbs water body Middle nutrition material, for water body provides the effect of dissolved oxygen simultaneously.
It is dirty that soft-shelled turtle likes clean fearness, will pay close attention to water quality situation during cultivation, accomplishes diligent note, renews water, before Chinese celery seedling, within general 10-15 days, thoroughly change water once, particularly summer, suitably promote change water frequency depending on Water quality.After three-dimensional floating bed cultivation Chinese celery, particularly after Chinese celery seedling, catharsis is played to water body, can reduce and change water or do not change water.
Whole process can not apply fertilizer in Chinese celery cultivation, or impose foliage fertilizer on a small quantity.Chinese celery soft-shelled turtle pool cultivation damage by disease and insect is few, and whole process can not pesticide, avoids soft-shelled turtle pesticide poisoning.After Chinese celery seeding about 40 days, Chinese celery plant grew to 50cm and can gather.When gathering, Chinese celery is cut off by neat root, clears up immediately after bringing up to bank, removes Lao Ye yellow leaf, immediately organizations sales.After harvesting, removed by the Lao Ye remained in floating bed, plant root can continue to sprout sprouting, can realize repeatedly gathering.Soft-shelled turtle grows under nuisanceless, natural conditions, and to December, body weight grows to about 750g, can start to fish for listing.At the initial stage, available cage is fished for, and when the full pool is fished for, put Gan Tangshui, labor cleaning fishes for.If soft-shelled turtle is not fished for and carry out hibernation in the pool then, then should reduce pond water level to 20 ~ 30cm gradually.
As preferably, the rectangle pond of to be aspect ratio be on soft-shelled turtle pool 3:2, is convenient to place Chinese celery floating bed and later stage to Chinese celery cultivation management, smooth at the bottom of pond, at the bottom of pond, silt depth is no more than 15cm, is conducive to the lifting of soft-shelled turtle commodity property, the blocked up activity affecting soft-shelled turtle of mud.Mid-March carries out field sterilization by splash ridge and ridge surrounding of 1% limewash.
Soft-shelled turtle has the custom of digging a hole, and therefore, harden to surrounding when building in the soft-shelled turtle pool, adopts casting cement or lay bricks, and prevents that escaping body of wall is slope.As preferably, the surrounding construction of the soft-shelled turtle pool is anti-escapes wall, and anti-to escape wall width be 50 ~ 70cm, and anti-wall top of escaping is to outstanding 5 ~ 10cm inside the soft-shelled turtle pool.
Prevent from causing soft-shelled turtle to escape because soft-shelled turtle pool water level is too high, as preferably, prevent that escaping 1m place at the bottom of body of wall distance pond arranges gap.Control soft-shelled turtle pool water level is the highest is no more than 1m.
As preferably, arrange in the soft-shelled turtle pool and take food platform.During building pond, 2 ~ 3 places are set in the soft-shelled turtle pool and take food platform a little more than the water surface, repair a ditch taking food between platform and pond water, reduce and cause bait to pollute because soft-shelled turtle strives food and runs bait to be dragged in water, be beneficial to again simultaneously and remove residual bait, and can be discharged to outside pond along ditch scrubbing the sewage taking food platform, reduce water pollution.
In order to reduce the generation of disease in soft-shelled turtle intensive cultivation process, soft-shelled turtle seed carried out disinfection before throwing in the soft-shelled turtle pool.As preferably, two age soft-shelled turtle put in a suitable place to breed front working concentration be 3 ~ 10% saline solution embathe or concentration be 0.05 ~ 0.1% potassium permanganate dipping.
According to the habit of soft-shelled turtle, generally start food water temperature more than 15 DEG C.As preferably, in step (2), treat that water temperature rises to more than 18 DEG C and starts fresh food of throwing something and feeding.Daily ration, feeding quantity is about 4% of body weight, throws something and feeds every day 1 ~ 2 time, specifically depending on water temperature and weather condition.More preferred, when bait throwing in, the biologic products such as a small amount of photosynthetic bacteria of arranging in pairs or groups.
Carry out disease control in breeding soft-shell turtle process, the principle of " anti-overweighting is controlled, and control combines " must be adhered to, start with from environmental protect and raising immunity of organisms and take the pre-disease prevention of many kinds of measures to occur.Strict sterilization is carried out to the bait of throwing something and feeding, prevents that illness finds its way in by the mouth.The aquatic products of dying of illness found in breeding process are removed in time and carried out concentrated harmless treatment.
The present invention starts seeding Chinese celery from late July, therefore, selects more resistant to elevated temperatures Chinese celery kind.As preferably, Chinese celery kind is ' No. 1, Fu Qin ', and this kind is in being in the rear florescence by the end of July, and female stem growing way is vigorous, and it is strong to plant bud germination.The selection of good species stem is that Chinese celery floating bed cultivation is successfully crucial, selects diameter to cut off at the neat root of health kind stem of more than 1cm, removes umbrella flower and the fruit on top, floating bed carries out seeding.
Floating bed of the present invention for framework, is generally rectangle with PVC plastic pipe, for ease of gathering of later stage Chinese celery product, piece frame is of a size of 1m × 3m, the material that framework also can adopt mao bamboon etc. to bubble through the water column, can connect in a row, also can disperse separately between framework.Framework laterally does crosspiece every materials such as 50cm iron wires, spreads one deck 20 object plastic wire, tightens at framework surrounding self-locking nylon cable tie, carry out the seeding of Chinese celery on plastic wire in framework, above crosspiece.Floating bed area control is 30 ~ 40% of soft-shelled turtle pool water surface area, and this density can ensure soft-shelled turtle normal growth, can ensure that again Chinese celery Later growth obtains enough nutrition under this cultivation density.
As preferably, in step (3), in order to ensure normal growth and the product commodity of Chinese celery, adjacent two draining celery kind stems be spaced apart 8 ~ 10cm.After seeding, floating bed is fixed on fish pond, allows its germination and growth voluntarily.
Chinese celery is in seeding by the end of July, and generally started rudiment at 5 ~ 7 days, take root, about 2 weeks plant seedlings, a general soft-shelled turtle pool divides 2 ~ 3 batches to carry out seeding.As preferably, Chinese celery is seeding in batches, and each interval time is 7 ~ 8 days.
The beneficial effect that the present invention possesses: (1) the present invention is a kind of method adopting ecological circulation, characteristic nature, breeding combination, Chinese celery floating bed cultivation and breeding soft-shell turtle are combined, make full use of space, land resources and water resource, achieve the combination of Ways of Special Agricultural Products and ecological circulation improvement water quality, (2) Chinese celery is as a kind of cold-resistant aquatic vegetable, the easy bolting of high temperature, quality is caused to decline, general common cultivation requires to carry out seeding after by the end of August, and the present invention utilizes the feature that large area soft-shelled turtle pool water surface temperature is lower, by the Chinese celery seeding time ahead of time to by the end of July, be beneficial to abundant nutrition material in first fish pond simultaneously, the ealy maturing culture of Chinese celery can be accomplished, enriched the methods of Chinese celery cultivation, improve the benefit of Chinese celery plantation, (3) in the present invention, breeding soft-shell turtle adopts a kind of method of comparatively natural, ecological, breeding soft-shell turtle density comparatively industrial aquaculture slightly reduces, but soft-shelled turtle commodity obviously promotes, under the prerequisite ensureing breeding soft-shell turtle benefit, add the income of Chinese celery, larger economic benefit can be obtained, (4) after soft-shelled turtle pool solid interplanting Chinese celery, the Organic nutrient that the growth of Chinese celery absorbs the water nutrition because soft-shelled turtle excreta and residual bait ferment and cause in water body in a large number and produces, improve first fishpond water quality, decrease the soft-shelled turtle disease caused because breeding water body worsens, decrease because soft-shelled turtle higher density cultivates the pollution of changing external river body in water process simultaneously, reduce the risk of environmental pollution in breeding soft-shell turtle process, decrease agriculture production cost, achieve increasing peasant income, it is resource-conserving, the ecological agriculture of environmentally friendly sustainable development.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, and following examples are explanation of the invention and the present invention is not limited to following examples.
Embodiment one
With Chinese turtle aquaculture effluent floating bed cultivation Chinese celery constructed experiment, its planting type is:
A. Chinese celery floating bed design
Chinese celery floating bed adopts 20 order plastic wires, is of a size of 50cm × 80cm, and floating bed is positioned over and is of a size of 55cm × 90cm, and the degree of depth is in the plastic crate of 20cm, pours into soft-shelled turtle pool breeding wastewater, uses as the test of Chinese celery floating bed cultivation.
B. Chinese celery Fruit variety
Select heat-resisting Chinese celery kind ' No. 1, Fu Qin ', in Chinese celery seed field, select diameter to be greater than 1cm, grow vigorous, healthy female stem is tested.
C. seeding
July 30, Chinese celery later stage selector of blooming closed the female stem of the health required, after neat root cuts, after removing terminal inflorescence, floating bed carries out seeding.After seeding, female stem is dipped in water kind, but not exclusively floods.
D. daily management
Floating bed test basket is positioned over open air, and simulation soft-shelled turtle pool field condition, carries out Chinese celery cultivation, increases soft-shelled turtle pool aquaculture water in right amount depending on liquid height in cultivation basket, keeps liquid height in plastic crate to be not less than 10cm, routine observation, measures Chinese celery growing state.
E. experiment in cultivation effect
Chinese celery is in seeding on July 30, and obviously rudiment as seen on the female stem of Chinese celery on August 3, because outdoor temperature in August is high, water evaporates is fast, within general 3 days, will add water in plastic crate, August 10 Chinese celery seedling, August 18 carried out first time species test to Chinese celery, and now Chinese celery plant height is about 20cm, September 10, second time species test is carried out to Chinese celery, now Chinese celery plant height 45cm, accords with the demands of the market substantially, and Chinese celery Weight per plant is about 20g, product is fresh and tender, and mouthfeel is good.
Analog reslt shows:
1, Chinese celery can normally rudiment under floating bed condition, growth.
Also do not carry out the correlation test report of Chinese celery water surface floating bed kind stem rudiment at present, by constructed experiment, in plastics cultivation basket, Chinese celery can normal rudiment and growth in water surface floating bed.
2, the waste water on the breeding soft-shell turtle pool nutrition that Chinese celery can be provided to grow.
Utilize the breeding wastewater on the soft-shelled turtle pool to carry out Chinese celery floating bed cultivation, nutriment required in Chinese celery process of growth can be provided completely, support for soft-shelled turtle/oenanthe stolonifera stereo ecological kind breeding method provides test.
Embodiment two
Soft-shelled turtle pool full-scale test
A. soft-shelled turtle pool design
Single soft-shelled turtle pool area 2400m 2shape is the rectangle fish pond of 40m × 60m, surrounding is with adopting casting cement sclerosis, surrounding at its top to outstanding 10cm inside the soft-shelled turtle pool, the dark 1.2m in pond, arranges anti-overflow osculum at depth of water 1.0m place, controls fish pond water level, prevent the too high soft-shelled turtle of water level from running away, the food platform that pond arranges 3 80cm × 150cm sizes takes food for soft-shelled turtle simultaneously.Drain the pool water winter, weed a garden and foreign material, freeze solarization bed mud.
Mid-March carries out field sterilization by splash ridge and ridge surrounding of 1% limewash.
B. soft-shelled turtle is put in a suitable place to breed
Mid-April according to 300 every mu to stocking size in the soft-shelled turtle pool about 500g two age soft-shelled turtle, before putting in a suitable place to breed, soft-shelled turtle seed working concentration be 3 ~ 10% saline solution embathe or concentration be 0.05 ~ 0.1% potassium permanganate dipping.After putting in a suitable place to breed, early stage, apparent temperature situation was thrown something and fed the special bait of soft-shelled turtle in right amount, or threw in and be applicable to iced trash fish, shrimp.To May, after water temperature stability, adhering to that science throwing is raised is the key link that soft-shelled turtle obtains high yield, low consumption, ecology, synergy, mainly grasps flexibly according to weather, water temperature and growing state, guarantees without feed waste, improve bait utilization.
C. Chinese celery floating bed makes
Chinese celery floating bed with PVC plastic pipe for framework, for ease of gathering of later stage Chinese celery product, piece frame is of a size of 1m × 3m, framework laterally does crosspiece every materials such as 50cm iron wires, one deck 20 object plastic wire is spread in framework, above crosspiece, tighten at framework surrounding self-locking nylon cable tie, the seeding of Chinese celery is carried out on plastic wire, requirement accomplishes that Chinese celery kind stem fully contacts the water surface, but be not submerged in water, floating bed is carried out rear with connecting together, and is positioned in the soft-shelled turtle pool, place row's floating bed every 2 meters, altogether place 6 row's floating beds.
D. Chinese celery seeding
Early August starts, 3 batches are divided to carry out seeding week about, the female stem of satisfactory Chinese celery is selected in ' No. 1, Fu Qin ' seed field, after neat root is cut off, dispose top inflorescence and old growing point, in floating bed, carry out seeding, carry out parallel seeding by spacing 8-10cm, the female stem of healthy Chinese celery generally just has an axillalry bud every about 10cm, and after seeding, about 5 days axillalry buds will be sprouted.
E. daily management
After soft-shelled turtle is put in a suitable place to breed, carry out changing water depending on Water quality in fish pond, early stage changes once in every about 20 days substantially, after June, temperature raises, and soft-shelled turtle appetite increases, and excreta fermentation is many, substantially to accomplish within 10-15 days, to change a water, to guarantee the healthy growth of soft-shelled turtle, after Chinese celery seeding in August, water is no longer changed in the soft-shelled turtle pool, soft-shelled turtle is fed and adheres to " four is fixed " principle of throwing something and feeding, scientific bait throwing in, observes bait residual condition in time, allows bait suffer all as far as possible, reduce the pollution of residual bait to water quality, keep the stable of water quality.When strictly selecting the female stem of Chinese celery, floating bed cultivation Chinese celery there is no damage by disease and insect.
F. product is gathered
Before and after September 20, treat that Chinese celery plant height reaches more than 40cm, depending on amount of growth and the market demand of Chinese celery, carry out results listing, now Chinese celery product is based on petiole, and output is not high, surveys factually, each floating bed 3m 2output of once gathering is at about 5-6 kilogram, during results, cut off with the neat root of cutter, after removing Lao Ye, listing can be packed, because land for growing field crops Chinese celery is not also gone public before and after National Day, now Chinese celery price is higher, generally can sell for 8-10 unit for every kilogram, the output value of one batch of each floating bed of gathering is at about 40 yuan, and benefit is considerable.Because Chinese celery sprouts very capable, after gathering, show to clear up to floating bed, remove Lao Ye, rotten leaf, again can rudiment again, in such a mode, can gather 1-2 time before the Chinese celery winter.
Start at the beginning of 12 months, soft-shelled turtle can fish for listing, the initial stage, and available cage is fished for.When the full pool is fished for, put Gan Tangshui, labor cleaning catches, and now every soft-shelled turtle weight is general all at about 750g.If soft-shelled turtle is not fished for and carry out hibernation in the pool then, then should reduce pond water level to 20 ~ 30cm gradually.Now Chinese celery floating bed can continue to use, and after the beginning of spring in the coming year, Chinese celery again can normal growth, an output of can also gathering after the beginning of spring.
Soft-shelled turtle-Chinese celery breeding the binding pattern of following the invention is compared conventional monoculture soft-shelled turtle and is had following advantage.
1, reduce breeding soft-shell turtle and change waterside number, reduce breeding soft-shell turtle to the impact of environment
Utilize soft-shelled turtle of the present invention-Chinese celery breeding associated methods, when not reducing breeding soft-shell turtle quantity and breeding soft-shell turtle income, by preliminary test, the quantity of exchanged water of breeding soft-shell turtle can be reduced, experiment shows, after carrying out Chinese celery plantation August, breeding soft-shell turtle has not needed to change water, and conventional breeding soft-shell turtle, under identical cultivation density and feeding conditions, in these three months 8-10 month, substantially to change water every month 2 times, by routine 2400m on probation 2fish pond, cultivation depth of water 1m calculate, a quantity of exchanged water is 2400m 3, breeding wastewater, conservative estimation reduces after combining by breeding changes water calculating for 6 times, a 2400m 2fish pond can reduce 14.4 tons breeding wastewater discharge, to a certain degree can reduce the impact of breeding wastewater on environment.
2, fully utilize, increase comprehensive breeding benefit
Example of the present invention shows, when not affecting soft-shelled turtle output, and every 3m 2standard Chinese celery floating bed, at least can obtain the Chinese celery output of 5 kilograms, by early stage market price every kilogram 8 yuan calculation of price, every 3m 2the output value of standard Chinese celery floating bed at about 40 yuan, place 70 floating beds by every mu, every per mu yield value can increase by 2800 yuan, and comprehensive breeding remarkable benefit promotes.

Claims (10)

1. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) region of quiet, the close water source of Environment, water nonpollution, builds the soft-shelled turtle pool that area is 3 ~ 5 mu, the degree of depth is 1.2 ~ 1.4 meters;
(2) April to early June according to 250 ~ 350 every mu put in a suitable place to breed in the soft-shelled turtle pool two age soft-shelled turtle, soft-shelled turtle seed is complete female or entirely male; Between breeding period, the bait 1 ~ 2 time of throwing something and feeding every day, keeps water transparence >=20cm;
(3) select diameter in floating bed, to carry out seeding at the healthy Chinese celery kind stem of more than 1cm by the end of July, floating bed area coverage accounts for 30 ~ 40% of soft-shelled turtle pool water surface area; After Chinese celery seedling, reduce and change water or do not change water;
(4) treat that Chinese celery plant grows to more than 50cm and gathers.
2. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the rectangle pond of to be aspect ratio be on soft-shelled turtle pool 3:2, smooth at the bottom of pond, at the bottom of pond, silt depth is no more than 15cm.
3. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the surrounding construction of the soft-shelled turtle pool is anti-escapes wall, and anti-to escape wall width be 50 ~ 70cm, and anti-wall top of escaping is to outstanding 5 ~ 10cm inside the soft-shelled turtle pool.
4. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, anti-body of wall of escaping arranges gap apart from 1m place at the bottom of pond.
5. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, two age soft-shelled turtle put in a suitable place to breed front working concentration be 3 ~ 10% saline solution embathe or concentration be 0.05 ~ 0.1% potassium permanganate dipping.
6. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, in step (2), treat that water temperature rises to more than 18 DEG C and starts fresh food of throwing something and feeding.
7. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, start to fish for soft-shelled turtle at the beginning of 12 months.
8. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, in step (3), the kind of described Chinese celery is volt celery No. 1.
9. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, in step (3), adjacent two draining celery kind stems be spaced apart 8 ~ 10cm.
10. soft-shelled turtle/Chinese celery stereo ecological kind breeding method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, Chinese celery is seeding in batches, and each interval time is 7 ~ 8 days.
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