CN105230258A - Greenhouse cultivation method for eggplants - Google Patents

Greenhouse cultivation method for eggplants Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105230258A
CN105230258A CN201410277131.4A CN201410277131A CN105230258A CN 105230258 A CN105230258 A CN 105230258A CN 201410277131 A CN201410277131 A CN 201410277131A CN 105230258 A CN105230258 A CN 105230258A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedlings
cultivation method
booth
nursery
greenhouse
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410277131.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
祝顺祥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhenjiang Dantu Aoyuan Edible Fungus Specialized Cooperatives
Original Assignee
Zhenjiang Dantu Aoyuan Edible Fungus Specialized Cooperatives
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhenjiang Dantu Aoyuan Edible Fungus Specialized Cooperatives filed Critical Zhenjiang Dantu Aoyuan Edible Fungus Specialized Cooperatives
Priority to CN201410277131.4A priority Critical patent/CN105230258A/en
Publication of CN105230258A publication Critical patent/CN105230258A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a greenhouse cultivation method for eggplants. The greenhouse cultivation method comprises steps of: culturing seedlings, carrying out land treatment, transplanting the seedlings, naturally growing and harvesting the products; and the seedlings can be cultured from February to the last ten-day period of November. The land treatment is carried out before transplanting the seedlings, and the land treatment comprises specific steps: furrowing and ridging with a distance, between the furrows, of 0.8-1m; applying straws and an organic fertilizer to the bottoms of furrows for natural decomposition; carrying out trickle irrigation, and enabling water to flow over the organic fertilizer and the straws while irrigating; and covering the land with a mulching film; transplanting is carried out in the greenhouse; seedlings are planted in the tops of the furrows, the seedlings naturally grow within a growth period; field management is carried out on the seedlings; and products are harvested after being mature. According to the method, the seedlings are cultured and transplanted in the greenhouse; and natural decomposition is adopted according to different season temperatures, so that the temperature under the film is higher than 10 DEG C, which is suitable for the seedlings to grow in winter; meanwhile, a proper growth temperature for a special season is guaranteed by virtue of means of additionally arranging a small arched shed in the greenhouse and additionally arranging the film, so that eggplants can be cultured and harvested all the year round, and therefore, time to market is greatly prolonged, and needs of people on the eggplants throughout the year are met.

Description

Eggplant greenhouse cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of booth vegetable cultivation method, specifically a kind of eggplant greenhouse cultivation method, belongs to technical field of crop cultivation.
Background technology
Eggplant is a kind of typical vegetables, and according to the difference of kind, usage is various.Facts have proved that eggplant has multiple efficacies, as having clearing away heat to stop bleeding, effect of swelling and pain relieving, have and well reduce high fat of blood, hypertensive effect, have cardiovascular, the ascorbic acid effect of protection and senile-resistant efficacy etc., therefore eggplant usually becomes a kind of vegetables that people like very much; Traditionally, In Middle And Lower Reaches of Changjiang River generally adopts outdoor cultivation, and cause eggplant yield low thus, Time To Market is short, just starts to sow field planting after the Ching Ming Festival, and July gathers in the crops, and can not meet people throughout the year to the demand of eggplant.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of eggplant greenhouse cultivation method all can gathered in the crops throughout the year.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, eggplant greenhouse cultivation method of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
A, nursery
Nursery in booth, February-late November all can carry out nursery;
B, land treatment systems
At kind of a transplantation of seedlings advance row land treatment systems, concrete steps are ditching, ridgings, and ditch is apart from 0.8-1m, and ditch bottom application straw and fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed naturally, drip irrigation, make water cover fertilizer and straw is as the criterion, plastic mulching during irrigation;
C, transplanting
Transplant in booth, ditch top plants seedling, and spacing in the rows is 70-80cm;
D, self-sow are gathered in the crops
Self-sow in vegetative period, field management, carries out product and gathers after maturation.
When 8-9 month starts nursery, when outdoor temperature is lower than 5 DEG C in process of growth, in booth, add Small plastic shed, when outdoor temperature is lower than 0 DEG C, increase thin film outward at booth.
In the land treatment systems process of described step B, ridging height is 30-50cm.
After adopting above-mentioned method, due to nursery and transplanting in booth, and for the difference of seasonal temperature, adopt nature to become thoroughly decomposed and ground temperature in the shed can be made to reach more than 10 DEG C, be suitable for growing in the winter time; In booth, add Small plastic shed simultaneously and add film measure to ensure the growth temperature that special season is suitable, make it can both carry out throughout the year cultivating and gathering in the crops thus, Yancheng Time To Market, meets people throughout the year to the demand of eggplant greatly.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, eggplant greenhouse cultivation method of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment one:
Eggplant greenhouse cultivation method of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
A, nursery
Nursery in booth, late Febuary carries out nursery; When starting nursery, when outdoor temperature is lower than 5 DEG C in process of growth, in booth, add Small plastic shed, when outdoor temperature is lower than 0 DEG C, increase thin film outward at booth;
B, land treatment systems
At kind of a transplantation of seedlings advance row land treatment systems, concrete steps are ditching, ridgings, and ridging height is 30cm; Ditch is apart from 0.8m, and ditch bottom application straw and fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed naturally, drip irrigation, makes water cover fertilizer and straw is as the criterion, plastic mulching during irrigation;
C, transplanting
Transplant in booth, ditch top plants seedling, and spacing in the rows is 70cm;
D, self-sow are gathered in the crops
Self-sow in vegetative period, field management, carries out product and gathers after maturation.
Embodiment two:
Eggplant greenhouse cultivation method of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
A, nursery
Nursery in booth, late July carries out nursery;
B, land treatment systems
At kind of a transplantation of seedlings advance row land treatment systems, concrete steps are ditching, ridgings, and ridging height is 40cm, and ditch is apart from 0.9m, and ditch bottom application straw and fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed naturally, drip irrigation, make water cover fertilizer and straw is as the criterion, plastic mulching during irrigation;
C, transplanting
Transplant in booth, ditch top plants seedling, and spacing in the rows is 75cm;
D, self-sow are gathered in the crops
Self-sow in vegetative period, field management, carries out product and gathers after maturation.
Embodiment three:
Eggplant greenhouse cultivation method of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
A, nursery
Nursery in booth, late November all can carry out nursery;
B, land treatment systems
At kind of a transplantation of seedlings advance row land treatment systems, concrete steps are ditching, ridgings, and ridging height is 50cm, and ditch is apart from 1m, and ditch bottom application straw and fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed naturally, drip irrigation, make water cover fertilizer and straw is as the criterion, plastic mulching during irrigation;
C, transplanting
Transplant in booth, ditch top plants seedling, and spacing in the rows is 80cm;
D, self-sow are gathered in the crops
Self-sow in vegetative period, field management, carries out product and gathers after maturation.

Claims (3)

1. an eggplant greenhouse cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
A, nursery
Nursery in booth, February-late November all can carry out nursery;
B, land treatment systems
At kind of a transplantation of seedlings advance row land treatment systems, concrete steps are ditching, ridgings, and ditch is apart from 0.8-1m, and ditch bottom application straw and fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed naturally, drip irrigation, make water cover fertilizer and straw is as the criterion, plastic mulching during irrigation;
C, transplanting
Transplant in booth, ditch top plants seedling, and spacing in the rows is 70-80cm;
D, self-sow are gathered in the crops
Self-sow in vegetative period, field management, carries out product and gathers after maturation.
2. according to eggplant greenhouse cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: when 8-9 month starts nursery, when outdoor temperature is lower than 5 DEG C in process of growth, in booth, add Small plastic shed, when outdoor temperature is lower than 0 DEG C, increase thin film outward at booth.
3. according to eggplant greenhouse cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the land treatment systems process of described step B, ridging height is 30-50cm.
CN201410277131.4A 2014-06-19 2014-06-19 Greenhouse cultivation method for eggplants Pending CN105230258A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410277131.4A CN105230258A (en) 2014-06-19 2014-06-19 Greenhouse cultivation method for eggplants

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410277131.4A CN105230258A (en) 2014-06-19 2014-06-19 Greenhouse cultivation method for eggplants

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105230258A true CN105230258A (en) 2016-01-13

Family

ID=55028330

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410277131.4A Pending CN105230258A (en) 2014-06-19 2014-06-19 Greenhouse cultivation method for eggplants

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105230258A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103385083A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-11-13 黄震 Method for cultivating and strengthening eggplant seedlings in spring greenhouse
CN103385078A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-11-13 黄震 Method for cultivating eggplants in spring greenhouse
CN103621319A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-12 青岛东颐锦禾农业科技有限公司 Grafting high-yield culture technology for eggplant in solar greenhouse
CN104115591A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-29 和县海豪蔬菜种植有限责任公司 Cultivation method of eggplant in greenhouse

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103385083A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-11-13 黄震 Method for cultivating and strengthening eggplant seedlings in spring greenhouse
CN103385078A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-11-13 黄震 Method for cultivating eggplants in spring greenhouse
CN103621319A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-12 青岛东颐锦禾农业科技有限公司 Grafting high-yield culture technology for eggplant in solar greenhouse
CN104115591A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-29 和县海豪蔬菜种植有限责任公司 Cultivation method of eggplant in greenhouse

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
刘道修: "日光温室早春茬茄子栽培技术", 《河南农业》 *
张燕燕 等: "南京地区大棚茄子越冬栽培技术", 《中国瓜菜》 *
汪炳良 等: "《蔬菜采种和育苗技术》", 31 March 1995, 上海科学技术出版社 *

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Application publication date: 20160113