CN105103970A - Standardized cultivation method for Tingjiangfei chrysanthemums - Google Patents

Standardized cultivation method for Tingjiangfei chrysanthemums Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105103970A
CN105103970A CN201510609598.9A CN201510609598A CN105103970A CN 105103970 A CN105103970 A CN 105103970A CN 201510609598 A CN201510609598 A CN 201510609598A CN 105103970 A CN105103970 A CN 105103970A
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Prior art keywords
chrysanthemum
river
seedling
fland
spit
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Inventor
吴德峰
邱思锋
赖荣才
陈宗辉
陈林
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Fujian Shennong Houren Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Fujian Shennong Houren Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510609598.9A priority Critical patent/CN105103970A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/30Grafting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a standardized cultivation method for Tingjiangfei chrysanthemums. Wild chrysanthemums are adopted as female parents for grafting so that the Tingjiangfei chrysanthemums can be propagated, then chrysanthemum seedlings are cultivated through a soil ridge method, seedling transplanting cultivation is performed after soil selection and trench settling, pinching and tender twig cuttage are performed in the growing period, meanwhile, weed removal, irrigation, drainage, topdressing, flower thinning and flower bud picking, disease and pest damage prevention and other field management are performed, and finally harvesting is performed. In the aspect of the cultivation technology, the wild chrysanthemums are adopted as female parents for grafting so that the Tingjiangfei chrysanthemums can be propagated, the chrysanthemum seedlings are cultivated through the soil ridge method, pinching is performed when the chrysanthemum seedlings are 30-40 cm high, various unique technology cultivation is performed, the standardized cultivation method is superior to common outdoor cultivation, the yield is high, economic benefits are large, and the method is suitable for fast cultivation and popularization in the Min northwest area of Fujian on a large area.

Description

A kind of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum standardized cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the culture technique field of chrysanthemum, specifically river, a kind of spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum standardized cultivation method.
Background technology
River, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum comes from national natural reserves, Ting Jiang source; that pharmacognosy seminar of University Of Agriculture and Forestry In Fujian eighties of last century the eighties carries out being with at spit of fland Jiang Yuanyi the mother chrysanthemum unique variety found when Fujian resources of medicinal plant is investigated, through investigating that mother chrysanthemum that checking is exactly Mao Ze-dong's Poetry " the yellow blooms on the battle-field are especially fragrant " then.Produce through screening, with Ting Jiang source the tea chrysanthemum fine work (river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum) that mother chrysanthemum is female parent, cultivation after for many years.Under the advantageous natural environmental condition in locality, become local a kind of medicine, tea by plantation for many years domestication, view and admire, the edible flowers among the people had both, being adapted at the cultivation of Qiu Ling area, Fujian mountain area, be one of improved seeds with local characteristic is that ornamental value, medical value and economic worth are all considerably beyond original mother chrysanthemum.Changting, Longyan is famous red all revolutionary base areas and tourist attraction, in these years, river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum medicine, tea, edible in consumption very large, be be very famous in medicinal (pharmaceuticals purchase be used as medicine as clearing heat and detoxicating Chrysanthemum morifolium), edible (local each large pub all as herbal cuisine with), tea (local teahouse, hotel all as a kind of special kung fu tea with) locality, also often supply falls short of demand.Present per kilogram price, all more than 100 yuan, if every fresh chrysanthemum of per mu yield 1 ton, can increase income more than 100,000 yuan.Be that ornamental value, medical value and economic worth are all very remarkable, application prospect is very wide.
In current zoonosis, acute infective and viral disease have been world pop trend as bird flu etc., cause great threat, also result in huge economic loss to human and livestock health.For above-mentioned infectious disease, there is no the clinical treatment medicine of special efficacy at present, the most positive method adopts Chinese herbal medicine immunomodulator exactly, improves humans and animals immune system antibody, resists these viral infectious.Chinese herbal medicine immunomodulator such as honeysuckle, the root of large-flowered skullcap, chrysanthemum are all conventional Chinese medicine immunity enhancer raw materials, interferon can be produced by induced animal body, transfer the Chinese herbal medicine of humans and animals body systemic immune system, the immunity of people and livestock and poultry body can not only be strengthened, can also directly kill some sex pheromones.And chrysanthemum is except having medicinal effects, or conventional cold tea and herbal cuisine raw material, the resource of exploitation river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, can produce significant social benefit, and the cultivation of current river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum all adopts common outdoor planting, and output is little, and economic benefit is low.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide river, a kind of spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum standardized cultivation method, to solve the problem proposed in above-mentioned background technology.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum standardized cultivation method, concrete operation step is as follows:
(1) mother chrysanthemum is adopted to breed river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum as maternal grafting
Using wild chrysanthemum root as stock, the branch grafting of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum on the stock of mother chrysanthemum, mother chrysanthemum scape when river, spit of fland prince wife's chrysanthemum is half-open under sliding trackle basin, stem's also raw full coring of basin Nei Ting river prince wife chrysanthemum chrysanthemum, still can there is pin bud and reserve seed for planting in the chrysanthemum stem after sliding trackle mother chrysanthemum scape in basin, be river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum maternal; The maternal turn up of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, by branch according to its natural form band root separately, plant separately, water permeable after cultivation, again water every three days, topdress after two weeks and carry out normal maintenance, to plant division between lunar calendar March, survive between rear April and carry out pinching maintenance;
(2) rib method is adopted to cultivate chrysanthemum seedling
After the adolescence terminates, in mid-December, plant is withered on the ground, is cut together by plant, then builds the high rib of 5 ~ 10cm in root ridging, treats Second Year biscuit fire in February liquid manure, impel it to germinate, progressively grow chrysanthemum seedling; At the beginning of by the end of February to 3 month, when seedling grows to 10 ~ 15cm height, namely can be used as chrysanthemum seedling and move into chrysanthemum rice seedling bed and cultivate; Chrysanthemum rice seedling bed is carried out in booth, does the rib chrysanthemum rice seedling bed of furrow height 30cm, is rich in fertile soil and organic manure in rib, grubbed out out by chrysanthemum rice shoot high for 10 ~ 15cm, reject small and weak seedling, be transplanted to chrysanthemum rice seedling bed and carry out hardening as chrysanthemum seedling in greenhouse;
Mother chrysanthemum is adopted to be utilize the resistance to thick habit of growth of mother chrysanthemum and flourishing root system as the feature of stock cultivation river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, absorb sufficient river, nutrition supplying spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum plant strain growth strong, to bloom very large having attractive appearance, the method is adopted to carry out seed selection to river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, the excellent originality shape of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum can be kept, improve reproduction coefficient, mother chrysanthemum flower luxuriant, the resistance to thick habit of growth of racemosus and the root system of prosperity can be absorbed again, make it to become river, the excellent spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum of the high-quality such as resistance to thick, survival rate is high, Hua Duo, Hua great, high yield;
(3) selection of land and whole furrow
The chrysanthemum seedling crossed in seedling field hardening, at the beginning of 4 months, is moved into land for growing field crops and formally plants by late March, or plants in uncultivated paddy field, soil is advisable to be rich in loam humous, ditch depth 8 ~ 10cm, spacing in the rows 25 ~ 30cm, line-spacing 100cm, between row and row, plant does not seal row; In mountain region and area, hillside fields, bar is adopted to plant or clump cultivation according to landform;
(4) to transplant seedlings plantation
Chrysanthemum leaf is delicate easily withered, and adopt with pulling out with planting or carrying out with the mode of plucking with planting plantation of transplanting seedlings, the florists chrysanthemum seedling in transportation uses plastic film bag encapsulation and trickle keeps humidity; Chrysanthemum seedling carries out watering executing liquid manure after moving into field planting; At chrysanthemum seedling vegetative stage, again water and execute liquid manure, when chrysanthemum seedling grows to 30cm height, pluck terminal bud, suppress to grow tall every 10 ~ 15 days, impel sprouting of lateral bud to tiller and send out branch, trench digging uses sufficient sheep pen fertilizer or chicken manure farm organic fertilizer;
(5) pinching and epicormic branch cuttage
When chrysanthemum seedling is when land for growing field crops borough chief is to 30 ~ 40cm height, above for acrial part 20cm branches and leaves are cut out, i.e. pinching bud or remove terminal bud; Pinching bud or go terminal bud to carry out 2 ~ 3 times between 4 ~ July, with ensure river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum leaflet, plant is sturdy and prevent plant too high; Pinching post-trenching uses sufficient sheep pen fertilizer or chicken manure farm organic fertilizer strengthens plant to bring up;
(6) field management
After plantation of transplanting seedlings, weeding is carried out to field, irrigates and drain flooded fields, river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum is topdressed, flower thinning plucks flower bud, also will carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest simultaneously;
(7) river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum is gathered
Prince wife chrysanthemum enters the florescence when October to river, spit of fland, and the florescence continues 2 ~ 3 months successively, when flower diameter is at 2 ~ 3cm, with tubular flower scatter 2/3 time for Harvesting Date, chrysanthemum of gathering carries out after selecting fine day dew dry.
As the further scheme of the present invention: in the extermination of disease and insect pest in step (6), employing tobacco rods decocts water or limewash sprays, and can pick flowers after 5 ~ 7 days.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The present invention is in culture technique, adopt that mother chrysanthemum is bred river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum as maternal grafting fast breeding technique, rib method when cultivating chrysanthemum seedling and chrysanthemum seedling 30-40cm height the multiple unique technology such as pinching cultivate, be better than common outdoor planting, output is high, economic benefit is large, is adapted at northwest, Fujian large area Rapid Popularization and the cultivation in Fujian.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
A kind of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum standardized cultivation method, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) mother chrysanthemum is adopted to breed river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum as maternal grafting
Using mother chrysanthemum as stock, the branch grafting of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum on the stock of mother chrysanthemum, object utilizes the resistance to thick habit of growth of mother chrysanthemum and flourishing root system, absorb sufficient river, nutrition supplying spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum plant strain growth strong, to bloom very large having attractive appearance, simultaneously also because of the root strong stress resistance of mother chrysanthemum. more in management. with mother chrysanthemum as the stock cultivating river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, activity and the productivity of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum can be strengthened; Its method take wild chrysanthemum root as river, stock grafting spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, mother chrysanthemum scape when river, spit of fland prince wife's chrysanthemum is half-open under sliding trackle basin, this is the stem's also raw full coring because of basin Nei Ting river prince wife chrysanthemum chrysanthemum, and the chrysanthemum stem after sliding trackle mother chrysanthemum scape in basin pin bud still can occur and reserves seed for planting, and is river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum maternal; The maternal turn up of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, by branch according to its natural form band root separately, plant separately, water permeable after cultivation, suitably water later, can topdress after two weeks, carry out normal maintenance, survival rate is high, robust plant, then arrives plant division between lunar calendar March, survives between rear April and carry out pinching maintenance;
(2) rib method is adopted to cultivate chrysanthemum seedling
The chrysanthemum seedling of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum is by maternal vegetative propagation, and after the adolescence terminates, in mid-December, plant is withered on the ground, is cut together by plant, then builds the high rib of 5 ~ 10cm in root ridging, treats Second Year biscuit fire in February liquid manure, impel it to germinate, progressively grow chrysanthemum seedling; To by the end of February at the beginning of 3 months, when seedling grows to 10 ~ 15cm height, namely can be used as chrysanthemum seedling and move into the cultivation of chrysanthemum rice seedling bed; Chrysanthemum rice seedling bed can be carried out in booth, the rib chrysanthemum rice seedling bed that a furrow height 30cm is high is done in greenhouse, be rich in fertile soil and organic manure in rib, chrysanthemum rice shoot high for 10 ~ 15cm grubbed out out, rejects small and weak seedling, be transplanted to chrysanthemum rice seedling bed and carry out hardening as chrysanthemum seedling, if ground temperature is more than 15 DEG C, without greenhouse, furrow directly can be done in field when chrysanthemum rice seedling bed, if but south two March of low temperature cloudy and drizzly for days on end, then seedling in greenhouse chamber should be selected to cultivate chrysanthemum seedling;
(3) selection of land and whole furrow
Between late March to the Ching Ming Festival, the chrysanthemum seedling crossed in seedling field hardening is moved into land for growing field crops formally to plant, soil is advisable to be rich in loam humous, particularly once be paddy field but uncultivated field is the most suitable, because chrysanthemum is happiness light happiness fertilizer-plant, the plump soft pine of soil layer should be selected, soil property should be faintly acid, illumination abundance, the plot of blocking without trees, must guard against in low-lying moist location plantation, if with discarded uncultivated paddy field, drained by water, bar of should ditching during plantation is planted, and is convenient to draining and field management; Ditch depth 8 ~ 10cm, spacing in the rows 25 ~ 30cm, line-spacing 100cm, between row and row, plant does not seal row, is convenient to field management and picks flowers operation; In mountain region and area, hillside fields, bar is adopted to plant or clump cultivation according to landform.
(4) to transplant seedlings plantation
Chrysanthemum leaf is more delicate easily withered, particularly fine day more withered impact survive, so preferably with pulling out with kind or with plucking with kind, if the plastic film bag encapsulation also trickle maintenance humidity of the florists chrysanthemum seedling in transportation, the chrysanthemum shoot survival percent that leaf is withered is extremely low; Chrysanthemum seedling should water after moving into field planting immediately, and at least just should water in 1 ~ 2h on the same day of plantation and execute liquid manure, the survival rate of such seedling can more than 95%; At chrysanthemum seedling vegetative stage, liquid manure should be executed every 10 ~ 15 days, when chrysanthemum seedling grows to 30cm height, terminal bud should be plucked, suppression is grown tall, and impels sprouting of lateral bud to tiller and sends out branch, at this moment should ditch and use sufficient sheep pen fertilizer or chicken manure farm organic fertilizer, if the bio-organic fertilizer better effects if that night soil or swine excrement are made, be more conducive to plant strain growth and improve output;
(5) pinching and epicormic branch cuttage
When chrysanthemum seedling is when land for growing field crops borough chief is to 30 ~ 40cm height, above for acrial part 20cm branches and leaves can be cut out, be also pinching bud or remove terminal bud, pinching bud can suppress plant to grow tall on the one hand, impels sprouting of lateral bud branch; On the other hand, the branch taken can cultivate the chrysanthemum seedling plant becoming new; Pinching bud or go terminal bud to carry out 2 ~ 3 times between 4 ~ July, to ensure the tillering of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, plant is sturdy and prevent plant too high; Should ditch after pinching and use sufficient sheep pen fertilizer or chicken manure farm organic fertilizer, bring strong plant up, chrysanthemum output could be improved;
If when the branch taken being trained new chrysanthemum seedling plant, should relatively ensure that branch length reaches more than 15cm, substrate soil nursery or direct in large Tanaka's cuttage in booth should be got ready during cuttage, 3 ~ 5 of a branch lower end leaf should be rejected from phyllopodium before cuttage, or dip in root-inducing powder, to ensure take root early or survive, if in overcast and rainy or cuttage in rainy season then without root-inducing powder.
(6) field management
Weeding: manually remove weeds in field in time;
Topdress: river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum topdress based on semi supplied manure and bio-organic fertilizer, except abundance wanted by base fertilizer, more should after chrysanthemum seedling survives in time, spread fertilizer over the fields the pig manure that becomes thoroughly decomposed, chicken manure just or organic biofertilizer, when really looking for unlikely semi supplied manure, also can be spread on furrow face with soaked the watering of urea, every mu with about l0 kilogram at every turn;
Irrigate and water drainage: river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum natural disposition likes moistening, but also avoids water logging and flood, often to keep ground moistening, water in time during arid in vegetative period, rainy season notes drainage waterlogging prevention;
Flower thinning is plucked flower bud excision and is spent the more part little Hua planting dwarf;
The extermination of disease and insect pest:
The damage by disease and insect of chrysanthemum plant is based on aphid and brown spot, especially tender stem is subject to aphid infringement very much, as found that there is aphid, should timely rotenone or Imidacloprid Contol ofCotton, concrete grammar for use 2.5% rotenone, every mu of 150ml, dilute with water 500 times sprinkling, or with Imidacloprid 10 ~ 15g, being watered 5000 ~ 7500 times of sprinklings, after these chemical pesticides will wait for 7 ~ 10 days after spraying, can pick flowers in aspect;
In order to avoid residue of pesticide, deinsectization many employings tobacco rods of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum decocts water or limewash sprays, and can pick flowers after 5 ~ 7 days, to human non-toxic, ensures consumer health, environment friendly and pollution-free;
(7) river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum pick and process technology
Prince wife chrysanthemum enters the florescence when October to river, spit of fland, and the florescence is sustainable two wheat harvesting periods successively, as flower diameter 2 ~ 3cm, with tubular flower (namely fickle in love) scatter 2/3 time for Harvesting Date, if it is of poor quality that all open flower is adopted lower aft-loaded airfoil; Chrysanthemum of gathering carries out after fine day dew will be selected dry, otherwise easily rot, rotten, look inferior, matter is poor;
Gather river, the spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum that gets off after drying, put into chrysanthemum warm air drier to toast, temperature is low rear height first, first dry 2h at 30 DEG C dew or appearance moisture are dried, then dry 8 ~ 10h at 50 DEG C, treat completely hardening finish-drying of namely thinking fickle in love, pack with regard to vacuum available pack, in each packaging bag, river, in-built spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, can put in storage and deposit listing; Adopt the dry process technology of this method, can change the prince wife chrysanthemum life of river, spit of fland and steep the jerky taste drunk, by processing, can remove its jerky taste, increase fragrant and sweet taste, vacuum packaging can be beneficial to preservation.
River, spit of fland prince wife's chrysanthemum is as drink tea, fresh and sweet tasty and refreshing, in color and luster, smell and mouthfeel, be all better than mother chrysanthemum and FLOS CHRYSANTHEMI ALBA from Haizhou of China, does not have the bitterness of mother chrysanthemum, more sweet than FLOS CHRYSANTHEMI ALBA from Haizhou of China again; The very resistance to bubble of river, spit of fland prince wife's chrysanthemum, without the need to sugaring, brews the fresh and sweet fragrance being still full of chrysanthemum for more than 5 ~ 6 times, and tea is still yellow all the time, moves one deeply; And FLOS CHRYSANTHEMI ALBA from Haizhou of China brew more than 2 times just tasteless; So, must total sugar content be detected, to compare the total sugar content of river, spit of fland prince wife's chrysanthemum and FLOS CHRYSANTHEMI ALBA from Haizhou of China, mother chrysanthemum.
River, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum Fujian Longyan, Changting one band be a kind of medicine, tea, view and admire, the edible flowers among the people had both, among the people be always a kind of very common herbal medicine, also to refresh oneself drink as one.River, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum have clear liver and improve vision, clearing heat and detoxicating, clear away heart-fire quench the thirst, the function of relieving summer-heat diuresis, the infection such as ophthalmodynia and anti-flu, influenza can be alleviated; Prince wife chrysanthemum contains various trace elements to river, spit of fland, and wherein, selenium, calcium, magnesium, Zn content are the abundantest, suitable with mother chrysanthemum, and these elements are beneficial elements of needed by human body, have good effect to hypertension, still treat migrainous active drug, and be used to the sclerosis for the treatment of coronary vasodilator; So, the extensive use in clinical and herbal cuisine of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum.
To those skilled in the art, obviously the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and when not deviating from spirit of the present invention or essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which point, all should embodiment be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present invention is limited by claims instead of above-mentioned explanation, and all changes be therefore intended in the implication of the equivalency by dropping on claim and scope are included in the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. river, a spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum standardized cultivation method, it is characterized in that, concrete operation step is as follows:
(1) mother chrysanthemum is adopted to breed river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum as maternal grafting
Using wild chrysanthemum root as stock, the branch grafting of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum on the stock of mother chrysanthemum, mother chrysanthemum scape when river, spit of fland prince wife's chrysanthemum is half-open under sliding trackle basin, stem's also raw full coring of basin Nei Ting river prince wife chrysanthemum chrysanthemum, still can there is pin bud and reserve seed for planting in the chrysanthemum stem after sliding trackle mother chrysanthemum scape in basin, be river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum maternal; The maternal turn up of river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum, by branch according to its natural form band root separately, plant separately, water permeable after cultivation, again water every three days, topdress after two weeks and carry out normal maintenance, to plant division between lunar calendar March, survive between rear April and carry out pinching maintenance;
(2) rib method is adopted to cultivate chrysanthemum seedling
After the adolescence terminates, in mid-December, plant is withered on the ground, is cut together by plant, then builds the high rib of 5 ~ 10cm in root ridging, treats Second Year biscuit fire in February liquid manure, impel it to germinate, progressively grow chrysanthemum seedling; At the beginning of by the end of February to 3 month, when seedling grows to 10 ~ 15cm height, namely can be used as chrysanthemum seedling and move into chrysanthemum rice seedling bed and cultivate; Chrysanthemum rice seedling bed is carried out in booth, does the rib chrysanthemum rice seedling bed of furrow height 30cm, is rich in fertile soil and organic manure in rib, grubbed out out by chrysanthemum rice shoot high for 10 ~ 15cm, reject small and weak seedling, be transplanted to chrysanthemum rice seedling bed and carry out hardening as chrysanthemum seedling in greenhouse;
(3) selection of land and whole furrow
The chrysanthemum seedling crossed in seedling field hardening, at the beginning of 4 months, is moved into land for growing field crops and formally plants by late March, or plants in uncultivated paddy field, soil is advisable to be rich in loam humous, ditch depth 8 ~ 10cm, spacing in the rows 25 ~ 30cm, line-spacing 100cm, between row and row, plant does not seal row; In mountain region and area, hillside fields, bar is adopted to plant or clump cultivation according to landform;
(4) to transplant seedlings plantation
Chrysanthemum leaf is delicate easily withered, and adopt with pulling out with planting or carrying out with the mode of plucking with planting plantation of transplanting seedlings, the florists chrysanthemum seedling in transportation uses plastic film bag encapsulation and trickle keeps humidity; Chrysanthemum seedling carries out watering executing liquid manure after moving into field planting; At chrysanthemum seedling vegetative stage, again water and execute liquid manure, when chrysanthemum seedling grows to 30cm height, pluck terminal bud, suppress to grow tall every 10 ~ 15 days, impel sprouting of lateral bud to tiller and send out branch, trench digging uses sufficient sheep pen fertilizer or chicken manure farm organic fertilizer;
(5) pinching and epicormic branch cuttage
When chrysanthemum seedling is when land for growing field crops borough chief is to 30 ~ 40cm height, above for acrial part 20cm branches and leaves are cut out, i.e. pinching bud or remove terminal bud; Pinching bud or go terminal bud to carry out 2 ~ 3 times between 4 ~ July, with ensure river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum leaflet, plant is sturdy and prevent plant too high; Pinching post-trenching uses sufficient sheep pen fertilizer or chicken manure farm organic fertilizer strengthens plant to bring up;
(6) field management
After plantation of transplanting seedlings, weeding is carried out to field, irrigates and drain flooded fields, river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum is topdressed, flower thinning plucks flower bud, also will carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest simultaneously;
(7) river, spit of fland prince wife chrysanthemum is gathered
Prince wife chrysanthemum enters the florescence when October to river, spit of fland, and the florescence continues 2 ~ 3 months successively, when flower diameter is at 2 ~ 3cm, with tubular flower scatter 2/3 time for Harvesting Date, chrysanthemum of gathering carries out after selecting fine day dew dry.
2. river, spit of fland according to claim 1 prince wife chrysanthemum standardized cultivation method, is characterized in that, in the extermination of disease and insect pest in step (6), employing tobacco rods decocts water or limewash sprays, and can pick flowers after 5 ~ 7 days.
CN201510609598.9A 2015-09-23 2015-09-23 Standardized cultivation method for Tingjiangfei chrysanthemums Pending CN105103970A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107637463A (en) * 2017-10-28 2018-01-30 安徽国丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich chrysanthemum
CN107810818A (en) * 2017-10-28 2018-03-20 安徽国丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of plantation breeding method of chrysanthemum
CN109874629A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-06-14 南京农业大学 A method of tea chrysanthemum quality is improved using tobacco residue water soak

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Application publication date: 20151202