CN105075651A - Method for planting gardenia jasminoides - Google Patents

Method for planting gardenia jasminoides Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105075651A
CN105075651A CN201510640627.8A CN201510640627A CN105075651A CN 105075651 A CN105075651 A CN 105075651A CN 201510640627 A CN201510640627 A CN 201510640627A CN 105075651 A CN105075651 A CN 105075651A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
cuttings
cape jasmine
branch
day
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510640627.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吉利
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Harbin Guangyuan Planting Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Harbin Guangyuan Planting Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Harbin Guangyuan Planting Co Ltd filed Critical Harbin Guangyuan Planting Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510640627.8A priority Critical patent/CN105075651A/en
Publication of CN105075651A publication Critical patent/CN105075651A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for planting gardenia jasminoides, relates to the field of cultivation of Chinese herbal medicines. The method comprises the following steps: (1), selecting cutting slips; (2), processing the cutting slips; (3), performing cuttage; (4), transplanting; (5), performing field management; (6), timely harvesting. According to the method for planting gardenia jasminoides, provided by the invention, the survival rate of cuttings is effectively improved, rooting is accelerated, the growth cycle is shortened, the planting time is shortened, the cost is reduced, the cultivated gardenia jasminoides has completely filled fruits, high yield and stable quality; besides, the planting method is simple, easy to operate, suitable for large-scale cultivation and has good economic benefits.

Description

The implantation methods of a kind of cape jasmine
Technical field
the present invention relates to Chinese medicine plant field, particularly relate to the implantation methods of a kind of cape jasmine.
Background technology
cape jasmine is the fruit of madder wort cape jasmine, is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine, with fruit hyoscine, has the effect protecting liver, cholagogic, step-down, calmness, hemostasis, detumescence, also has the function of clearing heat and promoting diuresis, purging intense heat relieving restlessness, removing pattogenic heat from the blood and toxic material from the body.
but at present cape jasmine plantation exists soil fertility deficiency causes that plant is aging, production declining, and rainwater causes the problem that fruit yield is low, fruit is less than normal more, thus reduces the income of medicinal herb growers.
Summary of the invention
the object of the present invention is to provide the implantation methods of a kind of cape jasmine, effectively can improve cape jasmine cuttage survival rate, shorten rootage duration, and the cape jasmine fruit cultivated is full, abundance.
object of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
an implantation methods for cape jasmine, comprises following steps:
(1) cuttings is chosen:
in annual 4-5 month, choose the raw cape jasmine tree of 1-3, get healthy and strong branch, cut 10-15cm long, 2-5 sheet leaf is stayed at top, obtains cuttings, wherein, is advisable when intercepting branch tiltedly to cut 45-55 °;
(2) cuttings process:
get cuttings, with 15-25 root for a bundle, 3-5cm bottom it is immersed in lime aqueous solution, soak 3-5 minute, carry out disinfection; Take out the cuttings after soaking, rinse bottom 3 times with clear water, dry, for subsequent use;
(3) cuttage:
a. in Cultivating container, put into the clear water of the 10-12cm degree of depth, leave standstill 2-3 days, then add copper sulfate crystal, ferrous sulfate powder, hydrogen peroxide, mixing, obtain water planting liquid; Under Cultivating container is placed in sunlight, make direct sunlight culture fluid, water temperature is held in 18-23 DEG C;
b. get the cuttings after process, 3-5cm bottom it is placed in water planting liquid, by dazzling for plastic foil foam, with fixing cuttings, cutting density is the cuttings of 3*3cm, plastic foil upper end, need add a cover shade net, keeps protection degree to be 75-90%;
(4) transplant:
a. soil management: before transplanting, by soil deep ploughing more than the 30cm in booth, and sprays water, makes soil moisture more than 80%, removing chad, grass roots, then execute nutrition fertilizer, make the soil Homogeneous phase mixing of nutrition fertilizer and top layer 5-8cm thickness;
b. transplant: treat cuttage rooting, length is to 2-4cm, and select the cloudy day, transplant to booth, root is embedded in soil layer 3-5cm;
(5) field management:
a. booth management: after transplanting, at dusk or water early morning, clear water is left standstill 1 day, fine day 1 day/time, cloudy day 2-3 day/time, within 3-5 days, to blade face water spray once, monthly execute thin rich water once, after August, stop fertilising, and keep the air permeability more than 65% of booth, light transmittance is 65-80%, and temperature is 16-20 DEG C, and humidity is 75-90%;
b. prune: in time transplanting cuttings and grow to 35-50cm, suitably prune;
(6) timely collecting:
when the epidermis of cape jasmine fruit becomes reddish yellow, gather, dry to obtain finished product, gather and to be advisable with fine day.
lime aqueous solution in described step (2) to be blent in the ratio of 1:100 by pulverized limestone and water to form.
water planting liquid in described step (3), best number pressed by raw material, copper sulfate crystal 1-3 part, ferrous sulfate powder 3-5 part, hydrogen peroxide 5-10 part, clear water 800-900 part.
nutrition fertilizer in described step (4), best number pressed by raw material, ferrous sulfate aqueous solution 3-5 part, copper sulfate solution, ash 10-15 part, coarse sand 15-20 part, leaf mould 40-50 part, poultry-dung 50-60 part.
thin rich water in described step (5) is that nutrition fertilizer and water form by 1:20 proportions; Described pruning, specific practice is wiped out by the accessory branch of trunk portion within the 15cm of ground, the more healthy and stronger accessory branch of 3-5 different directions of selecting and remain from trunk portion, wipes out weak branch and other accessory branches, makes its branch keep thinly scattered.
in planting process, choosing cuttings by tiltedly cutting cape jasmine branch bar, can effectively promote fully to absorb water bottom cuttings, hestening rooting; Undercut is cleaned again with lime aqueous solution, can effective kill bacteria, prevent rotten; Described water planting liquid, irony and other nutritive elements needed for energy effective supply cuttage rooting, contribute to it and take root; Select ferrous sulfate aqueous solution, copper sulfate solution, ash, coarse sand, leaf mould as nutrition fertilizer raw material, effectively can strengthen soil fertility, wherein copper sulfate solution is faintly acid, effectively can regulate the pH value of soil; Suitably prune, effectively can remove assorted branch, weak branch, strengthen the ventilative property between branch and light transmission, reduce the unnecessary consumption of nutrient, improve output.
beneficial effect of the present invention: the implantation methods of a kind of cape jasmine provided by the invention, effectively can improve cuttage survival rate, accelerate to take root, and shortens growth cycle, saves implantation time and cost, and the cape jasmine cultivated, completely filled fruit, abundance, steady quality; Implantation methods is simple, is easy to operation, is applicable to large-scale planting, possesses good economic benefit.
Embodiment
embodiment 1
an implantation methods for cape jasmine, comprises following steps:
(1) cuttings is chosen:
in annual 4-5 month, choose the raw cape jasmine tree of 1-3, get healthy and strong branch, cut 10-15cm long, 2-5 sheet leaf is stayed at top, obtains cuttings, wherein, is advisable when intercepting branch tiltedly to cut 45-55 °;
(2) cuttings process:
get cuttings, with 15-25 root for a bundle, 3-5cm bottom it is immersed in lime aqueous solution, soak 3-5 minute, carry out disinfection; Take out the cuttings after soaking, rinse bottom 3 times with clear water, dry, for subsequent use;
(3) cuttage:
a. in Cultivating container, put into the clear water of the 10-12cm degree of depth, leave standstill 2-3 days, then add copper sulfate crystal, ferrous sulfate powder, hydrogen peroxide, mixing, obtain water planting liquid; Under Cultivating container is placed in sunlight, make direct sunlight culture fluid, water temperature is held in 18-23 DEG C;
b. get the cuttings after process, 3-5cm bottom it is placed in water planting liquid, by dazzling for plastic foil foam, with fixing cuttings, cutting density is the cuttings of 3*3cm, plastic foil upper end, need add a cover shade net, keeps protection degree to be 75-90%;
(4) transplant:
a. soil management: before transplanting, by soil deep ploughing more than the 30cm in booth, and sprays water, makes soil moisture more than 80%, removing chad, grass roots, then execute nutrition fertilizer, make the soil Homogeneous phase mixing of nutrition fertilizer and top layer 5-8cm thickness;
b. transplant: treat cuttage rooting, length is to 2-4cm, and select the cloudy day, transplant to booth, root is embedded in soil layer 3-5cm;
(5) field management:
a. booth management: after transplanting, at dusk or water early morning, clear water is left standstill 1 day, fine day 1 day/time, cloudy day 2-3 day/time, within 3-5 days, to blade face water spray once, monthly execute thin rich water once, after August, stop fertilising, and keep the air permeability more than 65% of booth, light transmittance is 65-80%, and temperature is 16-20 DEG C, and humidity is 75-90%;
b. prune: in time transplanting cuttings and grow to 35-50cm, suitably prune;
(6) timely collecting:
when the epidermis of cape jasmine fruit becomes reddish yellow, gather, dry to obtain finished product, gather and to be advisable with fine day.
embodiment 2
lime aqueous solution in described step (2) to be blent in the ratio of 1:100 by pulverized limestone and water to form.
embodiment 3
water planting liquid in described step (3), best number pressed by raw material, copper sulfate crystal 1-3 part, ferrous sulfate powder 3-5 part, hydrogen peroxide 5-10 part, clear water 800-900 part.
embodiment 4
nutrition fertilizer in described step (4), best number pressed by raw material, ferrous sulfate aqueous solution 3-5 part, copper sulfate solution, ash 10-15 part, coarse sand 15-20 part, leaf mould 40-50 part, poultry-dung 50-60 part.
embodiment 5
thin rich water in described step (5) is that nutrition fertilizer and water form by 1:20 proportions; Described pruning, specific practice is wiped out by the accessory branch of trunk portion within the 15cm of ground, the more healthy and stronger accessory branch of 3-5 different directions of selecting and remain from trunk portion, wipes out weak branch and other accessory branches, makes its branch keep thinly scattered.

Claims (5)

1. an implantation methods for cape jasmine, is characterized in that: comprise following steps:
(1) cuttings is chosen:
In annual 4-5 month, choose the raw cape jasmine tree of 1-3, get healthy and strong branch, cut 10-15cm long, 2-5 sheet leaf is stayed at top, obtains cuttings, wherein, is advisable when intercepting branch tiltedly to cut 45-55 °;
(2) cuttings process:
Get cuttings, with 15-25 root for a bundle, 3-5cm bottom it is immersed in lime aqueous solution, soak 3-5 minute, carry out disinfection; Take out the cuttings after soaking, rinse bottom 3 times with clear water, dry, for subsequent use;
(3) cuttage:
A. in Cultivating container, put into the clear water of the 10-12cm degree of depth, leave standstill 2-3 days, then add copper sulfate crystal, ferrous sulfate powder, hydrogen peroxide, mixing, obtain water planting liquid; Under Cultivating container is placed in sunlight, make direct sunlight culture fluid, water temperature is held in 18-23 DEG C;
B. get the cuttings after process, 3-5cm bottom it is placed in water planting liquid, by dazzling for plastic foil foam, with fixing cuttings, cutting density is the cuttings of 3*3cm, plastic foil upper end, need add a cover shade net, keeps protection degree to be 75-90%;
(4) transplant:
A. soil management: before transplanting, by soil deep ploughing more than the 30cm in booth, and sprays water, makes soil moisture more than 80%, removing chad, grass roots, then execute nutrition fertilizer, make the soil Homogeneous phase mixing of nutrition fertilizer and top layer 5-8cm thickness;
B. transplant: treat cuttage rooting, length is to 2-4cm, and select the cloudy day, transplant to booth, root is embedded in soil layer 3-5cm;
(5) field management:
A. booth management: after transplanting, at dusk or water early morning, clear water is left standstill 1 day, fine day 1 day/time, cloudy day 2-3 day/time, within 3-5 days, to blade face water spray once, monthly execute thin rich water once, after August, stop fertilising, and keep the air permeability more than 65% of booth, light transmittance is 65-80%, and temperature is 16-20 DEG C, and humidity is 75-90%;
B. prune: in time transplanting cuttings and grow to 35-50cm, suitably prune;
(6) timely collecting:
When the epidermis of cape jasmine fruit becomes reddish yellow, gather, dry to obtain finished product, gather and to be advisable with fine day.
2. the implantation methods of a kind of cape jasmine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the lime aqueous solution in described step (2), is to be blent in the ratio of 1:100 by pulverized limestone and water to form.
3. the implantation methods of a kind of cape jasmine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the water planting liquid in described step (3), raw material by best number, copper sulfate crystal 1-3 part, ferrous sulfate powder 3-5 part, hydrogen peroxide 5-10 part, clear water 800-900 part.
4. the implantation methods of a kind of cape jasmine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the nutrition fertilizer in described step (4), best number pressed by raw material, ferrous sulfate aqueous solution 3-5 part, copper sulfate solution, ash 10-15 part, coarse sand 15-20 part, leaf mould 40-50 part, poultry-dung 50-60 part.
5. the implantation methods of a kind of cape jasmine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the thin rich water in described step (5), is that nutrition fertilizer and water form by 1:20 proportions; Described pruning, specific practice is wiped out by the accessory branch of trunk portion within the 15cm of ground, the more healthy and stronger accessory branch of 3-5 different directions of selecting and remain from trunk portion, wipes out weak branch and other accessory branches, makes its branch keep thinly scattered.
CN201510640627.8A 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Method for planting gardenia jasminoides Pending CN105075651A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510640627.8A CN105075651A (en) 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Method for planting gardenia jasminoides

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510640627.8A CN105075651A (en) 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Method for planting gardenia jasminoides

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105075651A true CN105075651A (en) 2015-11-25

Family

ID=54557729

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510640627.8A Pending CN105075651A (en) 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Method for planting gardenia jasminoides

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105075651A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105393888A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-16 安徽和合园林绿化工程有限公司 Cutting wood scissoring processing method capable of improving bischofia polycarpa cuttage survival rate
CN106105760A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-16 施秉县佳禾苗木花卉农民专业合作社 A kind of cottage method of plateau, subtropical zone Flos Gardeniae
CN106171484A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-07 贵州遵义铭东商贸有限公司 A kind of breeding method of Fructus Gardeniae
CN107371714A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-11-24 湖南文理学院 A kind of cuttage implantation methods of cape jasmine
CN107409888A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-12-01 四川涪丰药业有限公司 A kind of breeding method of cape jasmine seedling
CN110337972A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-10-18 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A method of improving Yellow Fructus Gardeniae cuttage and seedling culture survival rate

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1419829A (en) * 2001-11-19 2003-05-28 徐�明 Plant nutrient liguid
CN103380687A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-11-06 惠州市东江园林工程有限公司 Method for rapid breeding of cuttage of ornamental trees and shrubs
CN104303940A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-01-28 徐华龙 High-yield fructus gardeniae cultivation method
CN104521715A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-04-22 胡汉升 Sealing water planting cutting propagation method for gardenias with flower buds
CN104521522A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 吴中区金庭小美华家庭农场 Cuttage seedling growing method for yellow gardenia

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1419829A (en) * 2001-11-19 2003-05-28 徐�明 Plant nutrient liguid
CN103380687A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-11-06 惠州市东江园林工程有限公司 Method for rapid breeding of cuttage of ornamental trees and shrubs
CN104303940A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-01-28 徐华龙 High-yield fructus gardeniae cultivation method
CN104521522A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 吴中区金庭小美华家庭农场 Cuttage seedling growing method for yellow gardenia
CN104521715A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-04-22 胡汉升 Sealing water planting cutting propagation method for gardenias with flower buds

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张新旭等: "水插栀子花 繁殖快又好", 《中国花卉盆景》 *
罗辉: "栀子花的栽培技术", 《闽东农业科技》 *
赖联赛等: "黄栀子特征特性及高产栽培技术", 《甘肃农业科技》 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105393888A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-16 安徽和合园林绿化工程有限公司 Cutting wood scissoring processing method capable of improving bischofia polycarpa cuttage survival rate
CN106105760A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-16 施秉县佳禾苗木花卉农民专业合作社 A kind of cottage method of plateau, subtropical zone Flos Gardeniae
CN106171484A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-07 贵州遵义铭东商贸有限公司 A kind of breeding method of Fructus Gardeniae
CN107409888A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-12-01 四川涪丰药业有限公司 A kind of breeding method of cape jasmine seedling
CN107371714A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-11-24 湖南文理学院 A kind of cuttage implantation methods of cape jasmine
CN110337972A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-10-18 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A method of improving Yellow Fructus Gardeniae cuttage and seedling culture survival rate

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105075651A (en) Method for planting gardenia jasminoides
CN103283450B (en) Golden camellia bud seedling stock grafting propagation method
CN103782780B (en) Bougainvillea spectabilis breeding method
CN102763551B (en) Cuttage and breeding technology for ampelopsis grossedentata
CN102612971B (en) Rose cutting propagation method
CN103988689A (en) Sunlight diffusion mixed planting method for kiwi fruit trees
CN105557425B (en) A kind of method of Chinese chestnut skeleton branch baldness with multiple spot grafting bearing basal shoot
CN105474956A (en) High-yield planting method for sugarcane
CN102907291B (en) Viticulture method without needing frame building
CN105191630A (en) High-yield planting method for pollution-free jasminum sambac
CN103250531B (en) Zinc supplement method for cultivating chrysanthemum
CN103988746A (en) Organic planting method for Baiyu loquats
CN1631095A (en) Season-opposite culture method of peach
CN106577104A (en) Insect-prevention and high-yield cultivation method for citrus gonggan
CN103858649A (en) Method for growing pitaya through cutting seedlings
CN106386368A (en) Citrus gonggan paddy field high production planting method
CN105165353A (en) High-quality tea high-yield planting method
CN105104052A (en) Culturing method for preventing and repairing citrus yellows
CN104303859A (en) Shiny-leaved yellowhorn planting method
CN106358903A (en) High-yield pomegranate planting method
CN107439301A (en) Kiwi berry liquid manure one management method
CN104813821B (en) Cultivation method for prompting blossoming and fruiting of tomato
CN106613638A (en) Citrus gonggan cultivation and insecticidal method
CN106386373A (en) Grape planting method
CN105532395A (en) Method for using mixed light medium for subprostrate sophora twig cutting seedling raising, and application

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20151125

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication