CN104982277A - Domestication method for rapid fruiting of soilless planting orange saplings - Google Patents

Domestication method for rapid fruiting of soilless planting orange saplings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104982277A
CN104982277A CN201410358651.8A CN201410358651A CN104982277A CN 104982277 A CN104982277 A CN 104982277A CN 201410358651 A CN201410358651 A CN 201410358651A CN 104982277 A CN104982277 A CN 104982277A
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water
plant
matrix
sapling
root
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CN201410358651.8A
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高贯友
滕玉明
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高贯友
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a domestication method for rapid fruiting of soilless planting orange saplings. According to the domestication method, plants growing in natural soil begin to be planted and grow in water by a novel cultivation method through years of practice and tests, the trees are full of soilless planting fruits, the scenery for tour and sightseeing is finally formed, the orange trees are transformed so that the tourism economic income of a place can be increased, a sense of magic and happiness are brought to tourism guests with beautiful artistic conception and image, and contributions are made to the society with popularized technology.

Description

A kind of training method that hydroponics orange sapling bears fruit fast
Technical field
The present invention relates to crops fruit tree plant to bear fruit technical field of cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of training method that hydroponics orange sapling bears fruit fast.
Background technology
Orange: orange fruits nutrition enriches, color, smell and taste are held concurrently excellent, both can eat raw, the various fabricated products based on fruit juice can be processed into again, orange output occupies first of all kinds of fruits, sweet and sour taste, it is the common good fruit of delicious food autumn and winter, be rich in abundant vitamin c, very large benefit is had to human body, tangerine rime fruit also can be cultivated and view and admire gift seeds, extensively by the favor of consumer, along with the turn up of developing agriculture through science and technology, mode as patent (201110154119.0) the employing soilless culture of my earlier application successfully solves wild veteran stake and divides cultivating without soilization of scape, if but this mode to be born fruit words for tangerine tree soilless culture, not too adapts to, need to improve.
Summary of the invention
The invention discloses a kind of training method that hydroponics orange sapling bears fruit fast.The present invention, by the plant of the Nature soil-grown, by novel cultivation technology method, is plantation growth in water orange Plant Transformation rhizome, final formation beautiful Landscape of going sightseeing together.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
The training method that hydroponics orange sapling bears fruit fast, specifically comprises the following steps.
(1) plant process
Spring afforestation season, sowing of selecting grow for 2 years connects orange plant and strengthens young plant, and cut off caulody, beta pruning site of injury 0.001% ofloxacin gel smears sterilization, be watered 15-20 kilogram, root taking sprout strengthening agent 30g adds a plant regeneration gene, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 5 grams, 10mL A Weigao chlorine, several solns is mixed in water and stirs well an orange root and soak two hours, promote that plant rudiment vitality strengthens, easily take root, survive efficiency of bearing fruit high.
(2) early stage matrix
Choose 40% perlite, 20% haydite, 20% coarse sand, mountain moss 20%, 0.1% potassium permanganate, 0.1% carbendazim, 0.5% plant nutrition liquid, 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5% root taking sprout strengthening agent, carry out adding foster mixing and stirring to matrix sterilization.
(3) pond is built
Can build cement pit by plane earth as required, long 3 meters, wide 1 meter, the ridge is high 30 centimetres, stays the osculum of five centimetres of sizes in the middle part of corner at the bottom of the ridge and pond.
(4) matrix enters pond
Bottom pond, the PVC of setting and pond size slips through the net, and the 3m × 1m × 5cm sponge of slip through the net top installation and pond size, prevents matrix seepage, the matrix that early stage processed is put into 20cm inside pond, leveling basal plane.
(5) planting fruit trees
The orange sapling of plant process, cultivate by rows in matrix according to specification, often arrange young plant interval 40cm.
(6) plant management
While firm cultivating plants seedling must early stage technical management, built above Miao Chi, it cold tapetum, high temperature striping sun-shading ventilating, every day is blade face, root, matrix Water-and mist-spraying sooner or later, bottom outlet hole, pond is unobstructed, every day blade face, root, matrix sprays a small amount of nutrient solution, 8-sprays once appropriate desinsection, germicidal solution for 10 days.
(7) implanting and cultivating sapling
After within 25-30 days, sapling survives sizing, with water pipe, the plant matrix in pond is rinsed gently, gently mention plant, protect rhizome, wash away base mud with clear water, bright 2-3 hour stand-by.
(8) plant location
Get out field planting basket and liver moss, the sponge that 1cm is thick is used in field planting basket, size coupling cutting with field planting basket, is distributed into welt in basket, prevents matrix seepage, penetrate sponge in basket from field planting basket outer bottom and load water-suction rope, plant after bright is wrapped up tight with liver moss sapling root, implants field planting in field planting basket, field planting basket entirety is placed with in the molten device of water, water and field planting basket interval 2-3cm, the water suction fag end bottom field planting basket is directly put in water and is absorbed water.
(9) sapling training
Just be implanted in molten device and orange sapling, in 15-20 days early stage, sunshade, rain cover, ventilation, carry out spraying 6-8 time to sapling leaf, branch, matrix clear water every day.
(10) sapling control water
Within 20-25 days, reduce the number of times of spraying, every day can spray 2-3 time by clear water, within 25-30 days, spray 1 time, matrix can not be too dry, strengthening training sapling root root of hair, impels in the water of root growth in molten device, passes through training, at this moment the rhizome grown out is exactly water-based root, change original based on soil plant transformation become with water be growth with basis.
(11) apply fertilizer
By growing the sapling of rhizome in water after training, at this moment supplementary fertilizer is stepped up, in earlier stage add 2-3 in a week molten device and drip plant nutrition liquid, rear each week adds 5-6 and drips plant nutrition liquid, blade face to spray appropriate foliage fertilizer and clear water 3-5 time every day, within 20-25 days, change clear water, rinse rhizome gently with water simultaneously, put into molten device.
(12) pest management
Fruit tree have sufficient nutrition and moisture content vitality very by force complete, at this moment will notice that disease scolite is managed, within 20-25 days, can carry out 1500-2000 times of liquid carbendazim and instill 3-4 in molten device and drip, blade face 800-1500 sprays.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, the inventive method cost of raw material is low, and improve crop yield, hydroponics conveniently saves labour.
2, the present invention can be society and increases taxes, peasant's extra earning, and solving employment, stabilizes society, Transformation of S & T Achievements, has made contribution for saving creation type society.
3, the present invention can establish a large factory, large-scale production, plant scenery travelling Ecological sightseeing garden.
By transforming reforming method to the training of orange fruit tree plant, orange is born fruit and is want that vitality is strong, and weatherable, makes molten device specification view when high, drives local economic development, to sightseeing tour guest with magical and happy happy reward scape.
   
Embodiment
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, setting forth the present invention further.
The training method that hydroponics orange sapling bears fruit fast, specifically comprises following methods step.
(1) plant process
Spring afforestation season, sowing of selecting grow for 2 years connects orange plant and strengthens young plant, and cut off caulody, beta pruning site of injury 0.001% ofloxacin gel smears sterilization, be watered 15-20 kilogram, root taking sprout strengthening agent 30g adds a plant regeneration gene, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 5 grams, 10mL A Weigao chlorine, several solns is mixed in water and stirs well an orange root and soak two hours, promote that plant rudiment vitality strengthens, easily take root, survive efficiency of bearing fruit high.
(2) early stage matrix
Choose 40% perlite, 20% haydite, 20% coarse sand, mountain moss 20%, 0.1% potassium permanganate, 0.1% carbendazim, 0.5% plant nutrition liquid, 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5% root taking sprout strengthening agent, carry out adding foster mixing and stirring to matrix sterilization.
(3) pond is built
Can build cement pit by plane earth as required, long 3 meters, wide 1 meter, the ridge is high 30 centimetres, stays the osculum of five centimetres of sizes in the middle part of corner at the bottom of the ridge and pond.
(4) matrix enters pond
Bottom pond, the PVC of setting and pond size slips through the net, and the 3m × 1m × 5cm sponge of slip through the net top installation and pond size, prevents matrix seepage, the matrix that early stage processed is put into 20cm inside pond, leveling basal plane.
(5) planting fruit trees
The orange sapling of plant process, cultivate by rows in matrix according to specification, often arrange young plant interval 40cm.
(6) plant management
While firm cultivating plants seedling must early stage technical management, built above Miao Chi, it cold tapetum, high temperature striping sun-shading ventilating, every day is blade face, root, matrix Water-and mist-spraying sooner or later, bottom outlet hole, pond is unobstructed, every day blade face, root, matrix sprays a small amount of nutrient solution, 8-sprays once appropriate desinsection, germicidal solution for 10 days.
(7) implanting and cultivating sapling
After within 25-30 days, sapling survives sizing, with water pipe, the plant matrix in pond is rinsed gently, gently mention plant, protect rhizome, wash away base mud with clear water, bright 2-3 hour stand-by.
(8) plant location
Get out field planting basket and liver moss, the sponge that 1cm is thick is used in field planting basket, size coupling cutting with field planting basket, is distributed into welt in basket, prevents matrix seepage, penetrate sponge in basket from field planting basket outer bottom and load water-suction rope, plant after bright is wrapped up tight with liver moss sapling root, implants field planting in field planting basket, field planting basket entirety is placed with in the molten device of water, water and field planting basket interval 2-3cm, the water suction fag end bottom field planting basket is directly put in water and is absorbed water.
(9) sapling training has just been implanted in molten device and orange sapling, and in 15-20 days early stage, sunshade, rain cover, ventilation, carry out spraying 6-8 time to sapling leaf, branch, matrix clear water every day.
(10) sapling control water
Within 20-25 days, reduce the number of times of spraying, every day can spray 2-3 time by clear water, within 25-30 days, spray 1 time, matrix can not be too dry, strengthening training sapling root root of hair, impels in the water of root growth in molten device, passes through training, at this moment the rhizome grown out is exactly water-based root, change original based on soil plant transformation become with water be growth with basis.
(11) apply fertilizer
By growing the sapling of rhizome in water after training, at this moment supplementary fertilizer is stepped up, in earlier stage add 2-3 in a week molten device and drip plant nutrition liquid, rear each week adds 5-6 and drips plant nutrition liquid, blade face to spray appropriate foliage fertilizer and clear water 3-5 time every day, within 20-25 days, change clear water, rinse rhizome gently with water simultaneously, put into molten device.
(12) pest management
Fruit tree have sufficient nutrition and moisture content vitality very by force complete, at this moment will notice that disease scolite is managed, within 20-25 days, can carry out 1500-2000 times of liquid carbendazim and instill 3-4 in molten device and drip, blade face 800-1500 sprays.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (2)

1. the hydroponics orange sapling training method of bearing fruit fast: it is characterized in that:
(1) plant process
Spring afforestation season, sowing of selecting grow for 2 years connects orange plant and strengthens young plant, cuts off caulody, beta pruning site of injury 0.001% ofloxacin gel smears sterilization, is watered 15-20 kilogram, and root taking sprout strengthening agent 30g adds a plant regeneration gene, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 5 grams, 10mL A Weigao chlorine, several solns is mixed in water and stirs well, and orange root is soaked two hours, promote that plant rudiment vitality strengthens, easily take root, disease-resistant, survive efficiency of bearing fruit high;
(2) early stage matrix
Choose 40% perlite, 20% haydite, 20% coarse sand, mountain moss 20%, 0.1% potassium permanganate, 0.1% carbendazim, 0.5% plant nutrition liquid, 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5% root taking sprout strengthening agent, carry out adding foster mixing and stirring to matrix sterilization;
(3) pond is built
Can build pond as required and surely, plane earth builds cement pit, and long 3 meters, wide 1 meter, the ridge is high 30 centimetres, and in the middle part of corner at the bottom of pond and pond, the osculum of five centimetres of sizes is stayed on both sides;
(4) matrix enters pond
Bottom pond, the PVC of setting and pond size slips through the net, and the 3m × 1m × 5cm sponge of slip through the net top installation and pond size, prevents matrix seepage, the matrix that early stage processed is put into 20cm inside pond, leveling basal plane;
(5) planting fruit trees
The orange sapling of plant process, cultivate by rows in matrix according to specification, often arrange young plant interval 40cm;
(6) plant management
While firm cultivating plants seedling must early stage technical management, built above Miao Chi, it cold tapetum, high temperature striping, sunshade, ventilation, every day is blade face, root, matrix Water-and mist-spraying sooner or later, bottom outlet hole, pond is unobstructed, every day blade face, root, matrix sprays a small amount of nutrient solution, 8-sprays once appropriate desinsection, germicidal solution for 10 days;
(7) implanting and cultivating sapling
After within 25-30 days, sapling survives sizing, with water pipe, the plant matrix in pond is rinsed gently, gently mention plant, protect rhizome, wash away base mud with clear water, bright 2-3 hour stand-by;
(8) plant location
Get out field planting basket and liver moss, the sponge that 1cm is thick is used in field planting basket, size coupling cutting with field planting basket, is distributed into welt in basket, prevents matrix seepage, penetrate sponge in basket from field planting basket outer bottom and load water-suction rope, plant after bright is wrapped up tight with liver moss sapling root, implants field planting in field planting basket, field planting basket entirety is placed with in the molten device of water, water and field planting basket interval 2-3cm, the water suction fag end bottom field planting basket is directly put in water and is absorbed water;
(9) sapling training
Just be implanted in molten device and orange sapling, in 15-20 days early stage, sunshade, rain cover, ventilation, carry out spraying 6-8 time to sapling leaf, branch, matrix clear water every day;
(10) sapling control water
Within 20-25 days, reduce the number of times of spraying, every day can spray 2-3 time by clear water, within 25-30 days, spray 1 time, matrix can not be too dry, strengthening training sapling root root of hair, impels in the water of root growth in molten device, passes through training, at this moment the rhizome grown out is exactly water-based root, change original based on soil plant transformation become with water be growth with basis;
(11) apply fertilizer
By growing the sapling of rhizome in water after training, at this moment supplementary fertilizer is stepped up, in earlier stage add 2-3 in a week molten device and drip plant nutrition liquid, rear each week adds 5-6 and drips plant nutrition liquid, blade face to spray appropriate foliage fertilizer and clear water 3-5 time every day, within 20-25 days, change clear water, rinse rhizome gently with water simultaneously, put into molten device;
(12) pest management
Fruit tree have sufficient nutrition and moisture content vitality very by force complete, at this moment will notice that disease scolite is managed, within 20-25 days, can carry out 1500-2000 times of liquid carbendazim and instill 3-4 in molten device and drip, blade face 800-1500 sprays.
2. the training method that a kind of hydroponics orange sapling according to claims 1 bears fruit fast, is characterized in that: the matrix in described step (1) and step (2) be perlite, haydite, coarse sand, mountain moss one or more.
CN201410358651.8A 2014-07-26 2014-07-26 Domestication method for rapid fruiting of soilless planting orange saplings Pending CN104982277A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104056A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 安庆市枞阳县阳和苗圃 Water bud-appearing glycosmis citrifolia removing and repairing method
CN105393880A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-16 广德经济开发区绿源生态家庭农场 Chinese yew high survival rate cutting seedling method
CN105409683A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-23 高贯友 Domestication method for quickly bearing fruits of soillessly planted orange tree seedlings
CN105432447A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-30 高贯友 Domestication method for soilless culture of elaeagnus pungens
CN108651255A (en) * 2018-05-27 2018-10-16 金寨县冠友盆景园艺有限公司 A kind of pomegranate plant soilless culture method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102217519A (en) * 2011-06-10 2011-10-19 高贯友 Soilless culture method for wild old stump potted landscape
CN102783334A (en) * 2012-07-30 2012-11-21 高贯友 Aquatic culture method for wild trident maple plant stump bonsai
CN103238503A (en) * 2013-05-04 2013-08-14 高贯友 Cultivation method for using waste plastic bottles or pop cans to change land plants into aquatic plants
CN103283548A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-09-11 金寨县冠友盆景园艺有限公司 Rice soilless culture method
CN203353347U (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-12-25 金寨县冠友盆景园艺有限公司 Nutrition bag planting basket for soilless cultivation
CN103891558A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-07-02 华中农业大学 Citrus scion pretreatment technology for promoting removal of composite infection pathogens

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102217519A (en) * 2011-06-10 2011-10-19 高贯友 Soilless culture method for wild old stump potted landscape
CN102783334A (en) * 2012-07-30 2012-11-21 高贯友 Aquatic culture method for wild trident maple plant stump bonsai
CN103238503A (en) * 2013-05-04 2013-08-14 高贯友 Cultivation method for using waste plastic bottles or pop cans to change land plants into aquatic plants
CN103283548A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-09-11 金寨县冠友盆景园艺有限公司 Rice soilless culture method
CN203353347U (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-12-25 金寨县冠友盆景园艺有限公司 Nutrition bag planting basket for soilless cultivation
CN103891558A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-07-02 华中农业大学 Citrus scion pretreatment technology for promoting removal of composite infection pathogens

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104056A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 安庆市枞阳县阳和苗圃 Water bud-appearing glycosmis citrifolia removing and repairing method
CN105409683A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-23 高贯友 Domestication method for quickly bearing fruits of soillessly planted orange tree seedlings
CN105432447A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-30 高贯友 Domestication method for soilless culture of elaeagnus pungens
CN105393880A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-16 广德经济开发区绿源生态家庭农场 Chinese yew high survival rate cutting seedling method
CN108651255A (en) * 2018-05-27 2018-10-16 金寨县冠友盆景园艺有限公司 A kind of pomegranate plant soilless culture method

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